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Table: Chi-Square Probabilities

The areas given across the top are the areas to the right of the critical value. To look up an area on the left, subtract it
from one, and then look it up (ie: 0.05 on the left is 0.95 on the right)
df

0.995

0.99

0.975

0.95

0.90

0.10

0.05

0.025

0.01

0.005

---

---

0.001

0.004

0.016

2.706

3.841

5.024

6.635

7.879

0.010

0.020

0.051

0.103

0.211

4.605

5.991

7.378

9.210

10.597

0.072

0.115

0.216

0.352

0.584

6.251

7.815

9.348

11.345

12.838

0.207

0.297

0.484

0.711

1.064

7.779

9.488

11.143

13.277

14.860

0.412

0.554

0.831

1.145

1.610

9.236

11.070

12.833

15.086

16.750

0.676

0.872

1.237

1.635

2.204

10.645

12.592

14.449

16.812

18.548

0.989

1.239

1.690

2.167

2.833

12.017

14.067

16.013

18.475

20.278

1.344

1.646

2.180

2.733

3.490

13.362

15.507

17.535

20.090

21.955

1.735

2.088

2.700

3.325

4.168

14.684

16.919

19.023

21.666

23.589

10

2.156

2.558

3.247

3.940

4.865

15.987

18.307

20.483

23.209

25.188

11

2.603

3.053

3.816

4.575

5.578

17.275

19.675

21.920

24.725

26.757

12

3.074

3.571

4.404

5.226

6.304

18.549

21.026

23.337

26.217

28.300

13

3.565

4.107

5.009

5.892

7.042

19.812

22.362

24.736

27.688

29.819

14

4.075

4.660

5.629

6.571

7.790

21.064

23.685

26.119

29.141

31.319

15

4.601

5.229

6.262

7.261

8.547

22.307

24.996

27.488

30.578

32.801

16

5.142

5.812

6.908

7.962

9.312

23.542

26.296

28.845

32.000

34.267

17

5.697

6.408

7.564

8.672 10.085

24.769

27.587

30.191

33.409

35.718

18

6.265

7.015

8.231

9.390 10.865

25.989

28.869

31.526

34.805

37.156

19

6.844

7.633

8.907 10.117 11.651

27.204

30.144

32.852

36.191

38.582

20

7.434

8.260

9.591 10.851 12.443

28.412

31.410

34.170

37.566

39.997

21

8.034

8.897 10.283 11.591 13.240

29.615

32.671

35.479

38.932

41.401

22

8.643

9.542 10.982 12.338 14.041

30.813

33.924

36.781

40.289

42.796

23

9.260 10.196 11.689 13.091 14.848

32.007

35.172

38.076

41.638

44.181

24

9.886 10.856 12.401 13.848 15.659

33.196

36.415

39.364

42.980

45.559

25 10.520 11.524 13.120 14.611 16.473

34.382

37.652

40.646

44.314

46.928

26 11.160 12.198 13.844 15.379 17.292

35.563

38.885

41.923

45.642

48.290

27 11.808 12.879 14.573 16.151 18.114

36.741

40.113

43.195

46.963

49.645

28 12.461 13.565 15.308 16.928 18.939

37.916

41.337

44.461

48.278

50.993

29 13.121 14.256 16.047 17.708 19.768

39.087

42.557

45.722

49.588

52.336

30 13.787 14.953 16.791 18.493 20.599

40.256

43.773

46.979

50.892

53.672

40 20.707 22.164 24.433 26.509 29.051

51.805

55.758

59.342

63.691

66.766

50 27.991 29.707 32.357 34.764 37.689

63.167

67.505

71.420

76.154

79.490

60 35.534 37.485 40.482 43.188 46.459

74.397

79.082

83.298

88.379

91.952

70 43.275 45.442 48.758 51.739 55.329

85.527

90.531

95.023 100.425 104.215

80 51.172 53.540 57.153 60.391 64.278

96.578 101.879 106.629 112.329 116.321

90 59.196 61.754 65.647 69.126 73.291 107.565 113.145 118.136 124.116 128.299
100 67.328 70.065 74.222 77.929 82.358 118.498 124.342 129.561 135.807 140.169

STANDARD NORMAL PROBABILITY TABLE

The table shows the area to the left of a z-score:


z

.00

.01

.02

.03

.04

.05

.06

.07

.08

.09

-3.4

.0003

.0003

.0003

.0003

.0003

.0003

.0003

.0003

.0003

.0002

-3.3

.0005

.0005

.0005

.0004

.0004

.0004

.0004

.0004

.0004

.0003

-3.2

.0007

.0007

.0006

.0006

.0006

.0006

.0006

.0005

.0005

.0005

-3.1

.0010

.0009

.0009

.0009

.0008

.0008

.0008

.0008

.0007

.0007

-3.0

.0013

.0013

.0013

.0012

.0012

.0011

.0011

.0011

.0010

.0010

-2.9

.0019

.0018

.0018

.0017

.0016

.0016

.0015

.0015

.0014

.0014

-2.8

.0026

.0025

.0024

.0023

.0023

.0022

.0021

.0021

.0020

.0019

-2.7

.0035

.0034

.0033

.0032

.0031

.0030

.0029

.0028

.0027

.0026

-2.6

.0047

.0045

.0044

.0043

.0041

.0040

.0039

.0038

.0037

.0036

-2.5

.0062

.0060

.0059

.0057

.0055

.0054

.0052

.0051

.0049

.0048

-2.4

.0082

.0080

.0078

.0075

.0073

.0071

.0069

.0068

.0066

.0064

-2.3

.0107

.0104

.0102

.0099

.0096

.0094

.0091

.0089

.0087

.0084

-2.2

.0139

.0136

.0132

.0129

.0125

.0122

.0119

.0116

.0113

.0110

-2.1

.0179

.0174

.0170

.0166

.0162

.0158

.0154

.0150

.0146

.0143

-2.0

.0228

.0222

.0217

.0212

.0207

.0202

.0197

.0192

.0188

.0183

-1.9

.0287

.0281

.0274

.0268

.0262

.0256

.0250

.0244

.0239

.0233

-1.8

.0359

.0351

.0344

.0336

.0329

.0322

.0314

.0307

.0301

.0294

-1.7

.0446

.0436

.0427

.0418

.0409

.0401

.0392

.0384

.0375

.0367

-1.6

.0548

.0537

.0526

.0516

.0505

.0495

.0485

.0475

.0465

.0455

-1.5

.0668

.0655

.0643

.0630

.0618

.0606

.0594

.0582

.0571

.0559

-1.4

.0808

.0793

.0778

.0764

.0749

.0735

.0721

.0708

.0694

.0681

-1.3

.0968

.0951

.0934

.0918

.0901

.0885

.0869

.0853

.0838

.0823

-1.2

.1151

.1131

.1112

.1093

.1075

.1056

.1038

.1020

.1003

.0985

-1.1

.1357

.1335

.1314

.1292

.1271

.1251

.1230

.1210

.1190

.1170

-1.0

.1587

.1562

.1539

.1515

.1492

.1469

.1446

.1423

.1401

.1379

-0.9

.1841

.1814

.1788

.1762

.1736

.1711

.1685

.1660

.1635

.1611

-0.8

.2119

.2090

.2061

.2033

.2005

.1977

.1949

.1922

.1894

.1867

-0.7

.2420

.2389

.2358

.2327

.2296

.2266

.2236

.2206

.2177

.2148

-0.6

.2743

.2709

.2676

.2643

.2611

.2578

.2546

.2514

.2483

.2451

-0.5

.3085

.3050

.3015

.2s981

.2946

.2912

.2877

.2843

.2810

.2776

-0.4

.3446

.3409

.3372

.3336

.3300

.3264

.3228

.3192

.3156

.3121

-0.3

.3821

.3783

.3745

.3707

.3669

.3632

.3594

.3557

.3520

.3483

-0.2

.4207

.4168

.4129

.4090

.4052

.4013

.3974

.3936

.3897

.3859

-0.1

.4602

.4562

.4522

.4483

.4443

.4404

.4364

.4325

.4286

.4247

0.0

.5000

.4960

.4920

.4880

.4840

.4801

.4761

.4721

.4681

.4641

.00

.01

.02

.03

.04

.05

.06

.07

.08

.09

0.0

.5000

.5040

.5080

.5120

.5160

.5199

.5239

.5279

.5319

.5359

0.1

.5398

.5438

.5478

.5517

.5557

.5596

.5636

.5675

.5714

.5753

0.2

.5793

.5832

.5871

.5910

.5948

.5987

.6026

.6064

.6103

.6141

0.3

.6179

.6217

.6255

.6293

.6331

.6368

.6406

.6443

.6480

.6517

0.4

.6554

.6591

.6628

.6664

.6700

.6736

.6772

.6808

.6844

.6879

0.5

.6915

.6950

.6985

.7019

.7054

.7088

.7123

.7157

.7190

.7224

0.6

.7257

.7291

.7324

.7357

.7389

.7422

.7454

.7486

.7517

.7549

0.7

.7580

.7611

.7642

.7673

.7704

.7734

.7764

.7794

.7823

.7852

0.8

.7881

.7910

.7939

.7967

.7995

.8023

.8051

.8078

.8106

.8133

0.9

.8159

.8186

.8212

.8238

.8264

.8289

.8315

.8340

.8365

.8389

1.0

.8413

.8438

.8461

.8485

.8508

.8531

.8554

.8577

.8599

.8621

1.1

.8643

.8665

.8686

.8708

.8729

.8749

.8770

.8790

.8810

.8830

1.2

.8849

.8869

.8888

.8907

.8925

.8944

.8962

.8980

.8997

.9015

1.3

.9032

.9049

.9066

.9082

.9099

.9115

.9131

.9147

.9162

.9177

1.4

.9192

.9207

.9222

.9236

.9251

.9265

.9279

.9292

.9306

.9319

1.5

.9332

.9345

.9357

.9370

.9382

.9394

.9406

.9418

.9429

.9441

1.6

.9452

.9463

.9474

.9484

.9495

.9505

.9515

.9525

.9535

.9545

1.7

.9554

.9564

.9573

.9582

.9591

.9599

.9608

.9616

.9625

.9633

1.8

.9641

.9649

.9656

.9664

.9671

.9678

.9686

.9693

.9699

.9706

1.9

.9713

.9719

.9726

.9732

.9738

.9744

.9750

.9756

.9761

.9767

2.0

.9772

.9778

.9783

.9788

.9793

.9798

.9803

.9808

.9812

.9817

2.1

.9821

.9826

.9830

.9834

.9838

.9842

.9846

.9850

.9854

.9857

2.2

.9861

.9864

.9868

.9871

.9875

.9878

.9881

.9884

.9887

.9890

2.3

.9893

.9896

.9898

.9901

.9904

.9906

.9909

.9911

.9913

.9916

2.4

.9918

.9920

.9922

.9925

.9927

.9929

.9931

.9932

.9934

.9936

2.5

.9938

.9940

.9941

.9943

.9945

.9946

.9948

.9949

.9951

.9952

2.6

.9953

.9955

.9956

.9957

.9959

.9960

.9961

.9962

.9963

.9964

2.7

.9965

.9966

.9967

.9968

.9969

.9970

.9971

.9972

.9973

.9974

2.8

.9974

.9975

.9976

.9977

.9977

.9978

.9979

.9979

.9980

.9981

2.9

.9981

.9982

.9982

.9983

.9984

.9984

.9985

.9985

.9986

.9986

3.0

.9987

.9987

.9987

.9988

.9988

.9989

.9989

.9989

.9990

.9990

3.1

.9990

.9991

.9991

.9991

.9992

.9992

.9992

.9992

.9993

.9993

3.2

.9993

.9993

.9994

.9994

.9994

.9994

.9994

.9995

.9995

.9995

3.3

.9995

.9995

.9995

.9996

.9996

.9996

.9996

.9996

.9996

.9997

3.4

.9997

.9997

.9997

.9997

.9997

.9997

.9997

.9997

.9997

.9998

F Distribution Tables
The F distribution is a right-skewed distribution used most commonly in Analysis of Variance. When referencing the F
distribution, the numerator degrees of freedom are always given first, as switching the order of degrees of freedom changes
the distribution (e.g., F(10,12) does not equal F(12,10) ). For the four F tables below, the rows represent denominator degrees of
freedom and the columns represent numerator degrees of freedom. The right tail area is given in the name of the table. For
example, to determine the .05 critical value for an F distribution with 10 and 12 degrees of freedom, look in the 10 column
(numerator) and 12 row (denominator) of the F Table for alpha=.05. F(.05, 10, 12) = 2.7534. You can use the interactive FDistribution Applet to obtain more accurate measures.

F Table for = 0.10

df1=1

10

12

15

20

24

30

40

60

120

df2
=1

39.86
346

49.50
000

53.59
324

55.83
296

57.24
008

58.20
442

58.90
595

59.43
898

59.85
759

60.19
498

60.70
521

61.22
034

61.74
029

62.00
205

62.26
497

62.52
905

62.79
428

63.06
064

63.32
812

8.526
32

9.000
00

9.161
79

9.243
42

9.292
63

9.325
53

9.349
08

9.366
77

9.380
54

9.391
57

9.408
13

9.424
71

9.441
31

9.449
62

9.457
93

9.466
24

9.474
56

9.482
89

9.491
22

5.538
32

5.462
38

5.390
77

5.342
64

5.309
16

5.284
73

5.266
19

5.251
67

5.240
00

5.230
41

5.215
62

5.200
31

5.184
48

5.176
36

5.168
11

5.159
72

5.151
19

5.142
51

5.133
70

4.544
77

4.324
56

4.190
86

4.107
25

4.050
58

4.009
75

3.978
97

3.954
94

3.935
67

3.919
88

3.895
53

3.870
36

3.844
34

3.830
99

3.817
42

3.803
61

3.789
57

3.775
27

3.760
73

4.060
42

3.779
72

3.619
48

3.520
20

3.452
98

3.404
51

3.367
90

3.339
28

3.316
28

3.297
40

3.268
24

3.238
01

3.206
65

3.190
52

3.174
08

3.157
32

3.140
23

3.122
79

3.105
00

3.775
95

3.463
30

3.288
76

3.180
76

3.107
51

3.054
55

3.014
46

2.983
04

2.957
74

2.936
93

2.904
72

2.871
22

2.836
34

2.818
34

2.799
96

2.781
17

2.761
95

2.742
29

2.722
16

3.589
43

3.257
44

3.074
07

2.960
53

2.883
34

2.827
39

2.784
93

2.751
58

2.724
68

2.702
51

2.668
11

2.632
23

2.594
73

2.575
33

2.555
46

2.535
10

2.514
22

2.492
79

2.470
79

3.457
92

3.113
12

2.923
80

2.806
43

2.726
45

2.668
33

2.624
13

2.589
35

2.561
24

2.538
04

2.501
96

2.464
22

2.424
64

2.404
10

2.383
02

2.361
36

2.339
10

2.316
18

2.292
57

3.360
30

3.006
45

2.812
86

2.692
68

2.610
61

2.550
86

2.505
31

2.469
41

2.440
34

2.416
32

2.378
88

2.339
62

2.298
32

2.276
83

2.254
72

2.231
96

2.208
49

2.184
27

2.159
23

10

3.285
02

2.924
47

2.727
67

2.605
34

2.521
64

2.460
58

2.413
97

2.377
15

2.347
31

2.322
60

2.284
05

2.243
51

2.200
74

2.178
43

2.155
43

2.131
69

2.107
16

2.081
76

2.055
42

11

3.225
20

2.859
51

2.660
23

2.536
19

2.451
18

2.389
07

2.341
57

2.304
00

2.273
50

2.248
23

2.208
73

2.167
09

2.123
05

2.100
01

2.076
21

2.051
61

2.026
12

1.999
65

1.972
11

12

3.176

2.806

2.605

2.480

2.394

2.331

2.282

2.244

2.213

2.187

2.147

2.104

2.059

2.035

2.011

1.986

1.959

1.932

1.903

55

80

52

10

02

02

78

57

52

76

44

85

68

99

49

10

73

28

61

13

3.136
21

2.763
17

2.560
27

2.433
71

2.346
72

2.282
98

2.234
10

2.195
35

2.163
82

2.137
63

2.096
59

2.053
16

2.006
98

1.982
72

1.957
57

1.931
47

1.904
29

1.875
91

1.846
20

14

3.102
21

2.726
47

2.522
22

2.394
69

2.306
94

2.242
56

2.193
13

2.153
90

2.121
95

2.095
40

2.053
71

2.009
53

1.962
45

1.937
66

1.911
93

1.885
16

1.857
23

1.828
00

1.797
28

15

3.073
19

2.695
17

2.489
79

2.361
43

2.273
02

2.208
08

2.158
18

2.118
53

2.086
21

2.059
32

2.017
07

1.972
22

1.924
31

1.899
04

1.872
77

1.845
39

1.816
76

1.786
72

1.755
05

16

3.048
11

2.668
17

2.461
81

2.332
74

2.243
76

2.178
33

2.128
00

2.087
98

2.055
33

2.028
15

1.985
39

1.939
92

1.891
27

1.865
56

1.838
79

1.810
84

1.781
56

1.750
75

1.718
17

17

3.026
23

2.644
64

2.437
43

2.307
75

2.218
25

2.152
39

2.101
69

2.061
34

2.028
39

2.000
94

1.957
72

1.911
69

1.862
36

1.836
24

1.809
01

1.780
53

1.750
63

1.719
09

1.685
64

18

3.006
98

2.623
95

2.416
01

2.285
77

2.195
83

2.129
58

2.078
54

2.037
89

2.004
67

1.976
98

1.933
34

1.886
81

1.836
85

1.810
35

1.782
69

1.753
71

1.723
22

1.690
99

1.656
71

19

2.989
90

2.605
61

2.397
02

2.266
30

2.175
96

2.109
36

2.058
02

2.017
10

1.983
64

1.955
73

1.911
70

1.864
71

1.814
16

1.787
31

1.759
24

1.729
79

1.698
76

1.665
87

1.630
77

20

2.974
65

2.589
25

2.380
09

2.248
93

2.158
23

2.091
32

2.039
70

1.998
53

1.964
85

1.936
74

1.892
36

1.844
94

1.793
84

1.766
67

1.738
22

1.708
33

1.676
78

1.643
26

1.607
38

21

2.960
96

2.574
57

2.364
89

2.233
34

2.142
31

2.075
12

2.023
25

1.981
86

1.947
97

1.919
67

1.874
97

1.827
15

1.775
55

1.748
07

1.719
27

1.688
96

1.656
91

1.622
78

1.586
15

22

2.948
58

2.561
31

2.351
17

2.219
27

2.127
94

2.060
50

2.008
40

1.966
80

1.932
73

1.904
25

1.859
25

1.811
06

1.758
99

1.731
22

1.702
08

1.671
38

1.638
85

1.604
15

1.566
78

23

2.937
36

2.549
29

2.338
73

2.206
51

2.114
91

2.047
23

1.994
92

1.953
12

1.918
88

1.890
25

1.844
97

1.796
43

1.743
92

1.715
88

1.686
43

1.655
35

1.622
37

1.587
11

1.549
03

24

2.927
12

2.538
33

2.327
39

2.194
88

2.103
03

2.035
13

1.982
63

1.940
66

1.906
25

1.877
48

1.831
94

1.783
08

1.730
15

1.701
85

1.672
10

1.640
67

1.607
26

1.571
46

1.532
70

25

2.917
74

2.528
31

2.317
02

2.184
24

2.092
16

2.024
06

1.971
38

1.929
25

1.894
69

1.865
78

1.820
00

1.770
83

1.717
52

1.688
98

1.658
95

1.627
18

1.593
35

1.557
03

1.517
60

26

2.909
13

2.519
10

2.307
49

2.174
47

2.082
18

2.013
89

1.961
04

1.918
76

1.884
07

1.855
03

1.809
02

1.759
57

1.705
89

1.677
12

1.646
82

1.614
72

1.580
50

1.543
68

1.503
60

27

2.901
19

2.510
61

2.298
71

2.165
46

2.072
98

2.004
52

1.951
51

1.909
09

1.874
27

1.845
11

1.798
89

1.749
17

1.695
14

1.666
16

1.635
60

1.603
20

1.568
59

1.531
29

1.490
57

28

2.893
85

2.502
76

2.290
60

2.157
14

2.064
47

1.995
85

1.942
70

1.900
14

1.865
20

1.835
93

1.789
51

1.739
54

1.685
19

1.656
00

1.625
19

1.592
50

1.557
53

1.519
76

1.478
41

29

2.887
03

2.495
48

2.283
07

2.149
41

2.056
58

1.987
81

1.934
52

1.891
84

1.856
79

1.827
41

1.780
81

1.730
60

1.675
93

1.646
55

1.615
51

1.582
53

1.547
21

1.508
99

1.467
04

30

2.880
69

2.488
72

2.276
07

2.142
23

2.049
25

1.980
33

1.926
92

1.884
12

1.848
96

1.819
49

1.772
70

1.722
27

1.667
31

1.637
74

1.606
48

1.573
23

1.537
57

1.498
91

1.456
36

40

2.835
35

2.440
37

2.226
09

2.090
95

1.996
82

1.926
88

1.872
52

1.828
86

1.792
90

1.762
69

1.714
56

1.662
41

1.605
15

1.574
11

1.541
08

1.505
62

1.467
16

1.424
76

1.376
91

60

2.791
07

2.393
25

2.177
41

2.040
99

1.945
71

1.874
72

1.819
39

1.774
83

1.738
02

1.707
01

1.657
43

1.603
37

1.543
49

1.510
72

1.475
54

1.437
34

1.395
20

1.347
57

1.291
46

120

2.747
81

2.347
34

2.129
99

1.992
30

1.895
87

1.823
81

1.767
48

1.721
96

1.684
25

1.652
38

1.601
20

1.545
00

1.482
07

1.447
23

1.409
38

1.367
60

1.320
34

1.264
57

1.192
56

2.705
54

2.302
59

2.083
80

1.944
86

1.847
27

1.774
11

1.716
72

1.670
20

1.631
52

1.598
72

1.545
78

1.487
14

1.420
60

1.383
18

1.341
87

1.295
13

1.239
95

1.168
60

1.000
00

F Table for = 0.05

df1=1

10

12

15

20

24

30

40

60

120

df2
=1

161.4
476

199.5
000

215.7
073

224.5
832

230.1
619

233.9
860

236.7
684

238.8
827

240.5
433

241.8
817

243.9
060

245.9
499

248.0
131

249.0
518

250.0
951

251.1
432

252.1
957

253.2
529

254.3
144

18.51

19.00

19.16

19.24

19.29

19.32

19.35

19.37

19.38

19.39

19.41

19.42

19.44

19.45

19.46

19.47

19.47

19.48

19.49

28

00

43

68

64

95

32

10

48

59

25

91

58

41

24

07

91

74

57

10.12
80

9.552
1

9.276
6

9.117
2

9.013
5

8.940
6

8.886
7

8.845
2

8.812
3

8.785
5

8.744
6

8.702
9

8.660
2

8.638
5

8.616
6

8.594
4

8.572
0

8.549
4

8.526
4

7.708
6

6.944
3

6.591
4

6.388
2

6.256
1

6.163
1

6.094
2

6.041
0

5.998
8

5.964
4

5.911
7

5.857
8

5.802
5

5.774
4

5.745
9

5.717
0

5.687
7

5.658
1

5.628
1

6.607
9

5.786
1

5.409
5

5.192
2

5.050
3

4.950
3

4.875
9

4.818
3

4.772
5

4.735
1

4.677
7

4.618
8

4.558
1

4.527
2

4.495
7

4.463
8

4.431
4

4.398
5

4.365
0

5.987
4

5.143
3

4.757
1

4.533
7

4.387
4

4.283
9

4.206
7

4.146
8

4.099
0

4.060
0

3.999
9

3.938
1

3.874
2

3.841
5

3.808
2

3.774
3

3.739
8

3.704
7

3.668
9

5.591
4

4.737
4

4.346
8

4.120
3

3.971
5

3.866
0

3.787
0

3.725
7

3.676
7

3.636
5

3.574
7

3.510
7

3.444
5

3.410
5

3.375
8

3.340
4

3.304
3

3.267
4

3.229
8

5.317
7

4.459
0

4.066
2

3.837
9

3.687
5

3.580
6

3.500
5

3.438
1

3.388
1

3.347
2

3.283
9

3.218
4

3.150
3

3.115
2

3.079
4

3.042
8

3.005
3

2.966
9

2.927
6

5.117
4

4.256
5

3.862
5

3.633
1

3.481
7

3.373
8

3.292
7

3.229
6

3.178
9

3.137
3

3.072
9

3.006
1

2.936
5

2.900
5

2.863
7

2.825
9

2.787
2

2.747
5

2.706
7

10

4.964
6

4.102
8

3.708
3

3.478
0

3.325
8

3.217
2

3.135
5

3.071
7

3.020
4

2.978
2

2.913
0

2.845
0

2.774
0

2.737
2

2.699
6

2.660
9

2.621
1

2.580
1

2.537
9

11

4.844
3

3.982
3

3.587
4

3.356
7

3.203
9

3.094
6

3.012
3

2.948
0

2.896
2

2.853
6

2.787
6

2.718
6

2.646
4

2.609
0

2.570
5

2.530
9

2.490
1

2.448
0

2.404
5

12

4.747
2

3.885
3

3.490
3

3.259
2

3.105
9

2.996
1

2.913
4

2.848
6

2.796
4

2.753
4

2.686
6

2.616
9

2.543
6

2.505
5

2.466
3

2.425
9

2.384
2

2.341
0

2.296
2

13

4.667
2

3.805
6

3.410
5

3.179
1

3.025
4

2.915
3

2.832
1

2.766
9

2.714
4

2.671
0

2.603
7

2.533
1

2.458
9

2.420
2

2.380
3

2.339
2

2.296
6

2.252
4

2.206
4

14

4.600
1

3.738
9

3.343
9

3.112
2

2.958
2

2.847
7

2.764
2

2.698
7

2.645
8

2.602
2

2.534
2

2.463
0

2.387
9

2.348
7

2.308
2

2.266
4

2.222
9

2.177
8

2.130
7

15

4.543
1

3.682
3

3.287
4

3.055
6

2.901
3

2.790
5

2.706
6

2.640
8

2.587
6

2.543
7

2.475
3

2.403
4

2.327
5

2.287
8

2.246
8

2.204
3

2.160
1

2.114
1

2.065
8

16

4.494
0

3.633
7

3.238
9

3.006
9

2.852
4

2.741
3

2.657
2

2.591
1

2.537
7

2.493
5

2.424
7

2.352
2

2.275
6

2.235
4

2.193
8

2.150
7

2.105
8

2.058
9

2.009
6

17

4.451
3

3.591
5

3.196
8

2.964
7

2.810
0

2.698
7

2.614
3

2.548
0

2.494
3

2.449
9

2.380
7

2.307
7

2.230
4

2.189
8

2.147
7

2.104
0

2.058
4

2.010
7

1.960
4

18

4.413
9

3.554
6

3.159
9

2.927
7

2.772
9

2.661
3

2.576
7

2.510
2

2.456
3

2.411
7

2.342
1

2.268
6

2.190
6

2.149
7

2.107
1

2.062
9

2.016
6

1.968
1

1.916
8

19

4.380
7

3.521
9

3.127
4

2.895
1

2.740
1

2.628
3

2.543
5

2.476
8

2.422
7

2.377
9

2.308
0

2.234
1

2.155
5

2.114
1

2.071
2

2.026
4

1.979
5

1.930
2

1.878
0

20

4.351
2

3.492
8

3.098
4

2.866
1

2.710
9

2.599
0

2.514
0

2.447
1

2.392
8

2.347
9

2.277
6

2.203
3

2.124
2

2.082
5

2.039
1

1.993
8

1.946
4

1.896
3

1.843
2

21

4.324
8

3.466
8

3.072
5

2.840
1

2.684
8

2.572
7

2.487
6

2.420
5

2.366
0

2.321
0

2.250
4

2.175
7

2.096
0

2.054
0

2.010
2

1.964
5

1.916
5

1.865
7

1.811
7

22

4.300
9

3.443
4

3.049
1

2.816
7

2.661
3

2.549
1

2.463
8

2.396
5

2.341
9

2.296
7

2.225
8

2.150
8

2.070
7

2.028
3

1.984
2

1.938
0

1.889
4

1.838
0

1.783
1

23

4.279
3

3.422
1

3.028
0

2.795
5

2.640
0

2.527
7

2.442
2

2.374
8

2.320
1

2.274
7

2.203
6

2.128
2

2.047
6

2.005
0

1.960
5

1.913
9

1.864
8

1.812
8

1.757
0

24

4.259
7

3.402
8

3.008
8

2.776
3

2.620
7

2.508
2

2.422
6

2.355
1

2.300
2

2.254
7

2.183
4

2.107
7

2.026
7

1.983
8

1.939
0

1.892
0

1.842
4

1.789
6

1.733
0

25

4.241
7

3.385
2

2.991
2

2.758
7

2.603
0

2.490
4

2.404
7

2.337
1

2.282
1

2.236
5

2.164
9

2.088
9

2.007
5

1.964
3

1.919
2

1.871
8

1.821
7

1.768
4

1.711
0

26

4.225
2

3.369
0

2.975
2

2.742
6

2.586
8

2.474
1

2.388
3

2.320
5

2.265
5

2.219
7

2.147
9

2.071
6

1.989
8

1.946
4

1.901
0

1.853
3

1.802
7

1.748
8

1.690
6

27

4.210
0

3.354
1

2.960
4

2.727
8

2.571
9

2.459
1

2.373
2

2.305
3

2.250
1

2.204
3

2.132
3

2.055
8

1.973
6

1.929
9

1.884
2

1.836
1

1.785
1

1.730
6

1.671
7

28

4.196
0

3.340
4

2.946
7

2.714
1

2.558
1

2.445
3

2.359
3

2.291
3

2.236
0

2.190
0

2.117
9

2.041
1

1.958
6

1.914
7

1.868
7

1.820
3

1.768
9

1.713
8

1.654
1

29

4.183
0

3.327
7

2.934
0

2.701
4

2.545
4

2.432
4

2.346
3

2.278
3

2.222
9

2.176
8

2.104
5

2.027
5

1.944
6

1.900
5

1.854
3

1.805
5

1.753
7

1.698
1

1.637
6

30

4.170

3.315

2.922

2.689

2.533

2.420

2.334

2.266

2.210

2.164

2.092

2.014

1.931

1.887

1.840

1.791

1.739

1.683

1.622

40

4.084
7

3.231
7

2.838
7

2.606
0

2.449
5

2.335
9

2.249
0

2.180
2

2.124
0

2.077
2

2.003
5

1.924
5

1.838
9

1.792
9

1.744
4

1.692
8

1.637
3

1.576
6

1.508
9

60

4.001
2

3.150
4

2.758
1

2.525
2

2.368
3

2.254
1

2.166
5

2.097
0

2.040
1

1.992
6

1.917
4

1.836
4

1.748
0

1.700
1

1.649
1

1.594
3

1.534
3

1.467
3

1.389
3

120

3.920
1

3.071
8

2.680
2

2.447
2

2.289
9

2.175
0

2.086
8

2.016
4

1.958
8

1.910
5

1.833
7

1.750
5

1.658
7

1.608
4

1.554
3

1.495
2

1.429
0

1.351
9

1.253
9

3.841
5

2.995
7

2.604
9

2.371
9

2.214
1

2.098
6

2.009
6

1.938
4

1.879
9

1.830
7

1.752
2

1.666
4

1.570
5

1.517
3

1.459
1

1.394
0

1.318
0

1.221
4

1.000
0

F Table for = 0.025

df1=1

10

12

15

20

24

30

40

60

120

df2
=1

647.7
890

799.5
000

864.1
630

899.5
833

921.8
479

937.1
111

948.2
169

956.6
562

963.2
846

968.6
274

976.7
079

984.8
668

993.1
028

997.2
492

1001.
414

1005.
598

1009.
800

1014.
020

1018.
258

38.50
63

39.00
00

39.16
55

39.24
84

39.29
82

39.33
15

39.35
52

39.37
30

39.38
69

39.39
80

39.41
46

39.43
13

39.44
79

39.45
62

39.46
5

39.47
3

39.48
1

39.49
0

39.49
8

17.44
34

16.04
41

15.43
92

15.10
10

14.88
48

14.73
47

14.62
44

14.53
99

14.47
31

14.41
89

14.33
66

14.25
27

14.16
74

14.12
41

14.08
1

14.03
7

13.99
2

13.94
7

13.90
2

12.21
79

10.64
91

9.979
2

9.604
5

9.364
5

9.197
3

9.074
1

8.979
6

8.904
7

8.843
9

8.751
2

8.656
5

8.559
9

8.510
9

8.461

8.411

8.360

8.309

8.257

10.00
70

8.433
6

7.763
6

7.387
9

7.146
4

6.977
7

6.853
1

6.757
2

6.681
1

6.619
2

6.524
5

6.427
7

6.328
6

6.278
0

6.227

6.175

6.123

6.069

6.015

8.813
1

7.259
9

6.598
8

6.227
2

5.987
6

5.819
8

5.695
5

5.599
6

5.523
4

5.461
3

5.366
2

5.268
7

5.168
4

5.117
2

5.065

5.012

4.959

4.904

4.849

8.072
7

6.541
5

5.889
8

5.522
6

5.285
2

5.118
6

4.994
9

4.899
3

4.823
2

4.761
1

4.665
8

4.567
8

4.466
7

4.415
0

4.362

4.309

4.254

4.199

4.142

7.570
9

6.059
5

5.416
0

5.052
6

4.817
3

4.651
7

4.528
6

4.433
3

4.357
2

4.295
1

4.199
7

4.101
2

3.999
5

3.947
2

3.894

3.840

3.784

3.728

3.670

7.209
3

5.714
7

5.078
1

4.718
1

4.484
4

4.319
7

4.197
0

4.102
0

4.026
0

3.963
9

3.868
2

3.769
4

3.666
9

3.614
2

3.560

3.505

3.449

3.392

3.333

10

6.936
7

5.456
4

4.825
6

4.468
3

4.236
1

4.072
1

3.949
8

3.854
9

3.779
0

3.716
8

3.620
9

3.521
7

3.418
5

3.365
4

3.311

3.255

3.198

3.140

3.080

11

6.724
1

5.255
9

4.630
0

4.275
1

4.044
0

3.880
7

3.758
6

3.663
8

3.587
9

3.525
7

3.429
6

3.329
9

3.226
1

3.172
5

3.118

3.061

3.004

2.944

2.883

12

6.553
8

5.095
9

4.474
2

4.121
2

3.891
1

3.728
3

3.606
5

3.511
8

3.435
8

3.373
6

3.277
3

3.177
2

3.072
8

3.018
7

2.963

2.906

2.848

2.787

2.725

13

6.414
3

4.965
3

4.347
2

3.995
9

3.766
7

3.604
3

3.482
7

3.388
0

3.312
0

3.249
7

3.153
2

3.052
7

2.947
7

2.893
2

2.837

2.780

2.720

2.659

2.595

14

6.297
9

4.856
7

4.241
7

3.891
9

3.663
4

3.501
4

3.379
9

3.285
3

3.209
3

3.146
9

3.050
2

2.949
3

2.843
7

2.788
8

2.732

2.674

2.614

2.552

2.487

15

6.199
5

4.765
0

4.152
8

3.804
3

3.576
4

3.414
7

3.293
4

3.198
7

3.122
7

3.060
2

2.963
3

2.862
1

2.755
9

2.700
6

2.644

2.585

2.524

2.461

2.395

16

6.115
1

4.686
7

4.076
8

3.729
4

3.502
1

3.340
6

3.219
4

3.124
8

3.048
8

2.986
2

2.889
0

2.787
5

2.680
8

2.625
2

2.568

2.509

2.447

2.383

2.316

17

6.042
0

4.618
9

4.011
2

3.664
8

3.437
9

3.276
7

3.155
6

3.061
0

2.984
9

2.922
2

2.824
9

2.723
0

2.615
8

2.559
8

2.502

2.442

2.380

2.315

2.247

18

5.978
1

4.559
7

3.953
9

3.608
3

3.382
0

3.220
9

3.099
9

3.005
3

2.929
1

2.866
4

2.768
9

2.666
7

2.559
0

2.502
7

2.445

2.384

2.321

2.256

2.187

19

5.921
6

4.507
5

3.903
4

3.558
7

3.332
7

3.171
8

3.050
9

2.956
3

2.880
1

2.817
2

2.719
6

2.617
1

2.508
9

2.452
3

2.394

2.333

2.270

2.203

2.133

20

5.871

4.461

3.858

3.514

3.289

3.128

3.007

2.912

2.836

2.773

2.675

2.573

2.464

2.407

2.349

2.287

2.223

2.156

2.085

21

5.826
6

4.419
9

3.818
8

3.475
4

3.250
1

3.089
5

2.968
6

2.874
0

2.797
7

2.734
8

2.636
8

2.533
8

2.424
7

2.367
5

2.308

2.246

2.182

2.114

2.042

22

5.786
3

4.382
8

3.782
9

3.440
1

3.215
1

3.054
6

2.933
8

2.839
2

2.762
8

2.699
8

2.601
7

2.498
4

2.389
0

2.331
5

2.272

2.210

2.145

2.076

2.003

23

5.749
8

4.349
2

3.750
5

3.408
3

3.183
5

3.023
2

2.902
3

2.807
7

2.731
3

2.668
2

2.569
9

2.466
5

2.356
7

2.298
9

2.239

2.176

2.111

2.041

1.968

24

5.716
6

4.318
7

3.721
1

3.379
4

3.154
8

2.994
6

2.873
8

2.779
1

2.702
7

2.639
6

2.541
1

2.437
4

2.327
3

2.269
3

2.209

2.146

2.080

2.010

1.935

25

5.686
4

4.290
9

3.694
3

3.353
0

3.128
7

2.968
5

2.847
8

2.753
1

2.676
6

2.613
5

2.514
9

2.411
0

2.300
5

2.242
2

2.182

2.118

2.052

1.981

1.906

26

5.658
6

4.265
5

3.669
7

3.328
9

3.104
8

2.944
7

2.824
0

2.729
3

2.652
8

2.589
6

2.490
8

2.386
7

2.275
9

2.217
4

2.157

2.093

2.026

1.954

1.878

27

5.633
1

4.242
1

3.647
2

3.306
7

3.082
8

2.922
8

2.802
1

2.707
4

2.630
9

2.567
6

2.468
8

2.364
4

2.253
3

2.194
6

2.133

2.069

2.002

1.930

1.853

28

5.609
6

4.220
5

3.626
4

3.286
3

3.062
6

2.902
7

2.782
0

2.687
2

2.610
6

2.547
3

2.448
4

2.343
8

2.232
4

2.173
5

2.112

2.048

1.980

1.907

1.829

29

5.587
8

4.200
6

3.607
2

3.267
4

3.043
8

2.884
0

2.763
3

2.668
6

2.591
9

2.528
6

2.429
5

2.324
8

2.213
1

2.154
0

2.092

2.028

1.959

1.886

1.807

30

5.567
5

4.182
1

3.589
4

3.249
9

3.026
5

2.866
7

2.746
0

2.651
3

2.574
6

2.511
2

2.412
0

2.307
2

2.195
2

2.135
9

2.074

2.009

1.940

1.866

1.787

40

5.423
9

4.051
0

3.463
3

3.126
1

2.903
7

2.744
4

2.623
8

2.528
9

2.451
9

2.388
2

2.288
2

2.181
9

2.067
7

2.006
9

1.943

1.875

1.803

1.724

1.637

60

5.285
6

3.925
3

3.342
5

3.007
7

2.786
3

2.627
4

2.506
8

2.411
7

2.334
4

2.270
2

2.169
2

2.061
3

1.944
5

1.881
7

1.815

1.744

1.667

1.581

1.482

120

5.152
3

3.804
6

3.226
9

2.894
3

2.674
0

2.515
4

2.394
8

2.299
4

2.221
7

2.157
0

2.054
8

1.945
0

1.824
9

1.759
7

1.690

1.614

1.530

1.433

1.310

5.023
9

3.688
9

3.116
1

2.785
8

2.566
5

2.408
2

2.287
5

2.191
8

2.113
6

2.048
3

1.944
7

1.832
6

1.708
5

1.640
2

1.566

1.484

1.388

1.268

1.000

F Table for = 0.01

df1=1

10

12

15

20

24

30

40

60

120

df2
=1

4052.
181

4999.
500

5403.
352

5624.
583

5763.
650

5858.
986

5928.
356

5981.
070

6022.
473

6055.
847

6106.
321

6157.
285

6208.
730

6234.
631

6260.
649

6286.
782

6313.
030

6339.
391

6365.
864

98.50
3

99.00
0

99.16
6

99.24
9

99.29
9

99.33
3

99.35
6

99.37
4

99.38
8

99.39
9

99.41
6

99.43
3

99.44
9

99.45
8

99.46
6

99.47
4

99.48
2

99.49
1

99.49
9

34.11
6

30.81
7

29.45
7

28.71
0

28.23
7

27.91
1

27.67
2

27.48
9

27.34
5

27.22
9

27.05
2

26.87
2

26.69
0

26.59
8

26.50
5

26.41
1

26.31
6

26.22
1

26.12
5

21.19
8

18.00
0

16.69
4

15.97
7

15.52
2

15.20
7

14.97
6

14.79
9

14.65
9

14.54
6

14.37
4

14.19
8

14.02
0

13.92
9

13.83
8

13.74
5

13.65
2

13.55
8

13.46
3

16.25
8

13.27
4

12.06
0

11.39
2

10.96
7

10.67
2

10.45
6

10.28
9

10.15
8

10.05
1

9.888

9.722

9.553

9.466

9.379

9.291

9.202

9.112

9.020

13.74
5

10.92
5

9.780

9.148

8.746

8.466

8.260

8.102

7.976

7.874

7.718

7.559

7.396

7.313

7.229

7.143

7.057

6.969

6.880

12.24
6

9.547

8.451

7.847

7.460

7.191

6.993

6.840

6.719

6.620

6.469

6.314

6.155

6.074

5.992

5.908

5.824

5.737

5.650

11.25
9

8.649

7.591

7.006

6.632

6.371

6.178

6.029

5.911

5.814

5.667

5.515

5.359

5.279

5.198

5.116

5.032

4.946

4.859

10.56
1

8.022

6.992

6.422

6.057

5.802

5.613

5.467

5.351

5.257

5.111

4.962

4.808

4.729

4.649

4.567

4.483

4.398

4.311

10

10.04

7.559

6.552

5.994

5.636

5.386

5.200

5.057

4.942

4.849

4.706

4.558

4.405

4.327

4.247

4.165

4.082

3.996

3.909

11

9.646

7.206

6.217

5.668

5.316

5.069

4.886

4.744

4.632

4.539

4.397

4.251

4.099

4.021

3.941

3.860

3.776

3.690

3.602

12

9.330

6.927

5.953

5.412

5.064

4.821

4.640

4.499

4.388

4.296

4.155

4.010

3.858

3.780

3.701

3.619

3.535

3.449

3.361

13

9.074

6.701

5.739

5.205

4.862

4.620

4.441

4.302

4.191

4.100

3.960

3.815

3.665

3.587

3.507

3.425

3.341

3.255

3.165

14

8.862

6.515

5.564

5.035

4.695

4.456

4.278

4.140

4.030

3.939

3.800

3.656

3.505

3.427

3.348

3.266

3.181

3.094

3.004

15

8.683

6.359

5.417

4.893

4.556

4.318

4.142

4.004

3.895

3.805

3.666

3.522

3.372

3.294

3.214

3.132

3.047

2.959

2.868

16

8.531

6.226

5.292

4.773

4.437

4.202

4.026

3.890

3.780

3.691

3.553

3.409

3.259

3.181

3.101

3.018

2.933

2.845

2.753

17

8.400

6.112

5.185

4.669

4.336

4.102

3.927

3.791

3.682

3.593

3.455

3.312

3.162

3.084

3.003

2.920

2.835

2.746

2.653

18

8.285

6.013

5.092

4.579

4.248

4.015

3.841

3.705

3.597

3.508

3.371

3.227

3.077

2.999

2.919

2.835

2.749

2.660

2.566

19

8.185

5.926

5.010

4.500

4.171

3.939

3.765

3.631

3.523

3.434

3.297

3.153

3.003

2.925

2.844

2.761

2.674

2.584

2.489

20

8.096

5.849

4.938

4.431

4.103

3.871

3.699

3.564

3.457

3.368

3.231

3.088

2.938

2.859

2.778

2.695

2.608

2.517

2.421

21

8.017

5.780

4.874

4.369

4.042

3.812

3.640

3.506

3.398

3.310

3.173

3.030

2.880

2.801

2.720

2.636

2.548

2.457

2.360

22

7.945

5.719

4.817

4.313

3.988

3.758

3.587

3.453

3.346

3.258

3.121

2.978

2.827

2.749

2.667

2.583

2.495

2.403

2.305

23

7.881

5.664

4.765

4.264

3.939

3.710

3.539

3.406

3.299

3.211

3.074

2.931

2.781

2.702

2.620

2.535

2.447

2.354

2.256

24

7.823

5.614

4.718

4.218

3.895

3.667

3.496

3.363

3.256

3.168

3.032

2.889

2.738

2.659

2.577

2.492

2.403

2.310

2.211

25

7.770

5.568

4.675

4.177

3.855

3.627

3.457

3.324

3.217

3.129

2.993

2.850

2.699

2.620

2.538

2.453

2.364

2.270

2.169

26

7.721

5.526

4.637

4.140

3.818

3.591

3.421

3.288

3.182

3.094

2.958

2.815

2.664

2.585

2.503

2.417

2.327

2.233

2.131

27

7.677

5.488

4.601

4.106

3.785

3.558

3.388

3.256

3.149

3.062

2.926

2.783

2.632

2.552

2.470

2.384

2.294

2.198

2.097

28

7.636

5.453

4.568

4.074

3.754

3.528

3.358

3.226

3.120

3.032

2.896

2.753

2.602

2.522

2.440

2.354

2.263

2.167

2.064

29

7.598

5.420

4.538

4.045

3.725

3.499

3.330

3.198

3.092

3.005

2.868

2.726

2.574

2.495

2.412

2.325

2.234

2.138

2.034

30

7.562

5.390

4.510

4.018

3.699

3.473

3.304

3.173

3.067

2.979

2.843

2.700

2.549

2.469

2.386

2.299

2.208

2.111

2.006

40

7.314

5.179

4.313

3.828

3.514

3.291

3.124

2.993

2.888

2.801

2.665

2.522

2.369

2.288

2.203

2.114

2.019

1.917

1.805

60

7.077

4.977

4.126

3.649

3.339

3.119

2.953

2.823

2.718

2.632

2.496

2.352

2.198

2.115

2.028

1.936

1.836

1.726

1.601

120

6.851

4.787

3.949

3.480

3.174

2.956

2.792

2.663

2.559

2.472

2.336

2.192

2.035

1.950

1.860

1.763

1.656

1.533

1.381

6.635

4.605

3.782

3.319

3.017

2.802

2.639

2.511

2.407

2.321

2.185

2.039

1.878

1.791

1.696

1.592

1.473

1.325

1.000