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Dr.

Ashraf Khalil & Miss Nagla Buzghaia Linear Systems EE311




Homework No. 1

P.1 In Fig P.1, the signal f
1
(t)=f(-t). Express signals f
2
(t), f
3
(t), f
4
(t) and f
5
(t) in terms of
f
1
(t), f
2
(t), and their time-shifted, time-scaled or time-inverted versions.


Figure P.1

P.2 For the signal f(t) illustrated in Figure P.2, sketch (a) f(t-4) (b) f(t/1.5) (c) f(-t)
(d) f(2t-4) (e) f(2-t)

Figure P.2

P.3 Evaluate the following integrals;
(a)
}


t t t o d t f ) ( ) (

(b)
}


t t o t d t f ) ( ) (

(c)
}

dt e t
t je
t o ) (

(d)
}


dt t t ) sin( ) 2 ( t o (e)
}

+ dt e t
t
) 3 ( o (f)
}


+ dt t t ) 1 ( ) 4 (
3
o
(g)
}


dt t t f ) 3 ( ) 2 ( o

(h)
}

dx x x e
x
) 3 ( ) 5 (
2
cos
) 1 (
o
t


P.4 Locate on the complex plane the frequencies of the following sinusoids: (a) cos 3t
(b) e
-3t
cos 3t (c) e
2t
cos 3t (d) e
-2t
(e) e
2t
(f) 5.

P.5 For the systems described by the equations below, determine which of the systems are
linear and which are nonlinear:
(a) ) ( ) ( 2
2
t f t y
dt
dy
= +

(b) ) ( ) ( 3
2
t f t t ty
dt
dy
= +

(c) ) ( ) ( 2
2
t f t y
dt
dy
= +
|
.
|

\
|

Dr. Ashraf Khalil & Miss Nagla Buzghaia Linear Systems EE311

(d) ) ( ) (
2
t f t y
dt
dy
= + (e) ) ( 2 ) ( 3 t f t y = + (f) ) ( 2 ) ( ) (sin t f
dt
df
t y t
dt
dy
+ = +
(g)
dt
df
t f t y
dt
dy
) ( ) ( 2 = +

(h)
}

=
t
d f t y t t ) ( ) (


P.6 For the systems described by the equations below, determine which of the systems are
time-varying parameter and which are time-invariant:
(a) ) 2 ( ) ( = t f t y

(b) ) ( ) ( t f t y =

(c) ) ( ) ( at f t y = a < 1
(d) ) ( ) ( at f t y = a > 1


P. 7 A system is specified by its input-output relationship as:
) / /( ) ( ) (
2
dt df t f t y =

Show that the system satisfies the homogeneity property but not the additivity property.

P.8 For the systems described by the equations below, determine which of the systems are
causal and which are noncausal:
(a) ) 2 ( ) ( = t f t y

(b) ) 2 ( ) ( = t tf t y

(c) ) ( ) ( t f t y =

(d) ) ( ) ( at f t y =

P.9 For a certain LTI system with the input f(t), the output y(t) and the two initial
conditions x
1
(0) and x
2
(0), following observations are made:

f(t) x
1
(0) x
2
(0) y(t)
0 1 -1
) (t u e
t

0 2 1
) ( ) 2 3 ( t u t e
t
+


u(t) -1 -1 2u(t)

Determine y(t) when both initial conditions are zero and the input f(t) is as shown in Fig.
P.9.

Figure P.9


P.10 For the circuits depicted in Fig. P.10.1 and Fig. P.10.2, find the differential
equations relating outputs y
1
(t) and y
2
(t) to the input f(t).

Figure P.10.1 Figure P.10.2