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Luis Taruc

Luis Mangalus Taruc was born of peasant folk in the farming town of San Luis, Pampanga. He went to the University of Manila for two years (19321934)[1] but returned to his hometown without getting a degree to set up a haberdashery. At this time, he came under the influence of Pedro Abad Santos, a wealthy intellectual, and Juan Feleo, a peasant leader. They were the two leading leaders of the emerging peasant movement in the 1930s. Aged 22 in 1935, he became officially a member of the Communist Party of the Philippines, to which he would devote his life for the next two decades. In 1938, the socialist and communist parties united and would later pledge loyalty to the government's antiJapanese crusade in 1941. Following the Japanese invasion, Taruc formed the Hukbalahap (Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon or the "Peoples Army Against the Japanese in English), along with Casto Alejandrino and other guerillas, in central Luzon on 29 March 1942 and became its commander-in-chief. Taruc was elected to the Philippine House of Representatives in 1946 as a member of the Democratic Alliance. He, along with five other winning Democratic Alliance candidates, were barred from taking office by the Commission on Elections due to them allegedly committing election fraud and terrorism. Taruc then went underground in late 1946 following failed negotiations with President Manuel Roxas. Succeeding negotiations with President Elpidio Quirino between June and August 1948 were without success, paving way for the recreation of the Huk movement, becoming the HMB ("Hukbo Magpalaya ng Bayan" or "Army to Liberate the People"). By the presidential elections of 1949, the Huks had abandoned mainstream politics altogether in favor of underground insurgent resistance. The Huks would control most of central Luzon, the rice basket of the Philippines, including two provincial capitals by 1950. Being a major threat to the central government, Quirino assigned Ramon Magsaysay, minister of national defense, to combat the Huk insurgency. The Huks would then be undermined by Magsaysay's strategy of gaining peasant support and reforming the army and constabulary. In early 1954, Benigno Aquino, Jr., then a news reporter, was appointed by president Ramon Magsaysay to act as personal emissary to Luis Taruc. After four months of negotiations, Taruc surrendered unconditionally to the government on 17 May 1954, effectively ending the Huk rebellion. In 1985, Taruc would tell F. Sionil Jose that one of the reasons of the insurgency failure was that dissent warranted being killed. He would also add that dogmatic fundamentalism scared away many potential allies The Huk movement commanded an estimated 170,000 armed troops with a base of two million civilian supporters at the apex of their power in 1952. Taruc was brought to court for revolt and terrorism. He was sentenced to 12 years of imprisonment. He was rebuffed when he petitioned President Diosdado Macapagal for executive clemency and amnesty to political prisoners in exchange for support for the President's social welfare program. Taruc would be pardoned on September 11, 1968 by President Ferdinand Marcos, who thereby gained the former Huk leaders support. After his release, he continued to work for Agrarian reforms. His struggle on behalf of the poor farmers encouraged local and national leaders to push for changes in relations between landlord and farm workers and the equitable distribution of farm lands.Many of the issues that drove him and fellow Huk members to rebellion still prevail in many parts of the Philippines. Taruc wrote Born of the People (1953) and He Who Rides the Tiger (1967). Luis Taruc used Alipato, meaning spark that spreads a fire, as his pseudonym. William Pomeroy is believed to have ghostwritten Tarucs autobiographical Born of the People, which was Nelson Mandela's reference on guerrilla warfare when he was the commander in chief of the Umkhonto We Sizwe (Spear of the Nation).[8] It is to be noted that several Huk veterans organizations dispute the credit heaped on Taruc for organizing the Hukbalahap during WWII. Some critics contend that Taruc only joined the movement when several

prominent Huk leaders were captured and executed by the Japanese. According to some, Taruc was not among several Huk movements operating in concert, under Castro Alejandrino, Eusebio Aquino and Mariano Franco among others.

Bucket is a watertight, vertical cylinder or truncated cone, with an open top and a flat bottom, usually attached to a semicircular carrying handle that is used to hold water or any liquid solution used in cleaning. Cobwebber is used for reaching and sweeping of floor without a stool. It is also used to in stairwells, ceiling corners and other high areas. Sponge is characterized by readily absorbing water and becoming soft when wet while retaining toughness: used in bathing, in wiping or cleaning surfaces, etc. Dishcloth is used in the kitchen to dry dishes and other surfaces. Typically they are made of cotton or other cloth, such as microfiber, and measure 11" to 13" inches square. Cleaning Cloth is used to wipe the cleaning tools and equipment. A floor buffer is an electrical appliance that is used to clean and maintain non-carpeted floors, such as hardwood, marble, tile or linoleum. It is also known as a floor polisher SUPPLIES/MATERIALS Cleaning detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with "cleaning properties in diluted solutions that is also used in cleaning purposes. Liquid Detergent is a detergent in liquid form used for cleaning tools and equipment. Scrubbing Foam is used to remove the contaminants of any tool and equipment. Paper towel is an absorbent textile made from paper instead of cloth used in drying hands, wiping windows, dusting and cleaning up spills. Water is a liquid used for cleaning most of the tools and equipment. It is also known as the universal solvent.HOUSEHOLD SERVICES 10 A waste container is a container for temporarily storing refuse and waste. Baking soda otherwise known as bicarbonate of soda or sodium bicarbonate is used to deodorize refrigerators. A glove is a garment that covers the whole hand of a person that performs household services. A. MATCHING TYPE Directions: Match the meaning and functions in Column A with the terms in Column B. Write only the letter of your answer. COLUMN A 1. It is used to hold water or any liquid solution used in cleaning. 2. It is a cleaning tool commonly used to scoop the dirt and wastes on the floor. 3. It is used to remove the contaminants of any tool and equipment.

4. They are devices used to achieve a task but not consumed during the process. 5. An implement for sweeping. 6. A device which uses an air pump. 7. It is also known as bicarbonate soda. 8. It is a garment which covers the whole hand. 9. It is a bin for refuses and wastes. 10. It is the universal solvent. COLUMN B a. water b. waste container c. glove d. baking soda e. vacuum cleaner f. broom g. tools h. Scrubbing Foam i. dustpan j. bucket