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The Indian Energy Scenario

R Chandrasekar IT Power Group

May 10, 2011

Cleantech in the 70s


What was the cleantech industry known as before the word cleantech was invented?

Renewable Energy Technology


Senergy (Sustainable Energy) Technology Information Technology None of the above

Intermediate Technologies?

Contents

Energy Market in India

Opportunity Areas

Issues to Consider

Installed Capacity
2010

Hydro 22%

Nuclear 3%

Small Hydro 16% Biomass 14% Solar 0% Wind 70%

Renewables 11% Thermal 64%

Total Installed capacity = 170GW

*Source: MNRE

Current Scenario
Worlds fifth largest energy consumer and producer Electricity production of 811 TWh Per capita consumption of 611 KWh
One fifth the world average

One eighth the EU-27 average

Installed capacity projected to increase to about 750 GW to 950 GW by 2030 Peak deficit based on installed capacity of around 13% in 2010

DemandSupply
Demand 1400 Supply

1200

Gap, 21%

1000

800

600

400 2007
Source: Ministry of Power

2009

2011

2013

2015

2017

Global Comparison
Total generation Renewables

4500 4000 3500 Power Generation (TWh) 3000 2500 3997 3726

2000 1500
1000 500 0 448 261 10 Australia 22 Brazil 45 China 41.3 India 115 US 811

T &D Losses
35.00% 29.2%

30.00%

25.00% T&D Losses

20.00%

15.00%

13.3%

10.00%

7.7% 6.1% 5.9%

5.00%

0.00% Australia Brazil China India US

Contents

Energy Market in India

Opportunity Areas

Issues to Consider

Opportunity Areas

Generation

Transmission

Distribution

170 GW to 900 GW

> 25% T&D losses

~400,000 villages

Energy Efficiency

20 GW of avoided capacity

RE Capacity
Estimated Potential Installed Capacity

60000

50000

48,500

40000 Capacity (GW)

30000 23,700 20000 13,184 10000 2,673 32 Solar Wind Bio power 10,000 2,953 15,000

Geothermal Small Hydro

Key Drivers
Energy sector de-regulation finally getting implemented Significant Government support for growth in RE capacity
India has minimal oil and gas reserves

Abundance of resources across technologies

Market in a developmental stage


Very high focus on generation
Significant opportunities exist in transmission and distribution as well

Contents

Energy Market in India

Opportunity Areas

Issues to Consider

Issues to Consider
Access to finance
Cost and Availability

Lack of data to support investment Emergence of recycled technologies

Regulatory bottlenecks
Infrastructure issues

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