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CEELL BIOLOGY TEST Class XII DATE- 19/01/2013 (2 marks each) 1. Where are fimbriae present in human female reproductive system? Give their function. 2. Name the muscular and the glandular layers of human uterus. Which one of these layers undergoes cyclic change during menstrual cycle? Name the hormone essential for the maintenance of this layer. 3. Where are the Leydig cells Present? what is their role in reproduction ? 4. Draw a labelled section view of seminiferous tubule of a human male. 5. How many spermatozoa are formed from one secondary spermatocyte? Where does the first cleavagedivison of zygote take place ? 6. Which of the following is a cyanobacterium that can fix atmospheric nitrogen? Azospirillum, Osccillaatoria, Spirulina. 7. What is the group of bacteria found in both the rumen of cattle and sludge of sewage treatment? 8. Name the blank spaces a,b,c and d in the table given below : Type of Microbe Fungus Bacterium c Yeast Type of Microbe Bacterium Fungus c Fungus Scientific Name a Accetobacter aceti Aspergillus niger d Scientific Name a b Monascus purpureus Peniccillium notatum Commercial product Penicillin b Citri acid Ethanol Commercial product Lactic cid Cyclosporin A Statins d

Type of Microbe Bacterium c Fungus Bacterium

Scientific Name a Aspergillus niger Trichoderma polysporum d

Commercial product Clot buster enzyme Citric acid c Butyric acid

2 9. During the secondary treatment of the primary effluent how the significant decrease in BOD does occur. 10. What are palindromic nucleotide sequence? 5------------- G A A T T C ------------- 3 3-------------C T T A A G -------------- 5

(3 marks each) 11. Expain briefly : (a) PCR (b) Restriction enzymes and DNA (c) Chitinase. 12. What are interferons ? How do interferons check infection of new cells? 13. Why should biological control of pests and pathogens be preferred to the conventional use of chemical pesticides? explain how the following microbes act as biocontrol agents : (a) Bacillus thuringiensis (b) Nucleopolyhedrovirus 14. Match the item in column I with appropriate items (one or more) in column II Column I I. II. III. IV. V. AIDS Lysoozyme B- cells T- helper cells Aantibody Column II

(a) Antibody production (b) Activation of B -Cells (c) Agglutinin (d) Tears (e) Killing of bacteria (f) Immunodeficiency 15. What would be the molar concentration of human DNA? 16. What would be the molar concentration of human DNA?

(10 marks) 17. (i) Describe the characteristics a cloning vector must possess. (5 marks) (ii) why DNA cannot pass through the cell membrane ? Explain how is bacterial cell made competent to take up recombinant DN from the medium ? (5marks)