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# I.

Objectives 1. To verify Ohms Law for series AC circuits 2. To determine the behavior of combined elements i.e RL, RC, RLC series in an AC Circuit. 3. To make a comparison between the calculated values with measured values. 4. To know the phase angle between current and voltage using vector diagram/impedance triangle as a tool.

II.

Instruments and Components 1 Variac 1 AC Voltmeter 1 AC Ammeter Resistive load RL module Inductive load IL module Capacitive load CL module Connecting Wires Dual Trace Oscilloscope

III.

Procedures CAUTION: High voltages are present in this experiment! Do not make any connection with the power on! The power should be turned off after completing each individual measurement. 1. For each of the following circuits: a. Calculate the unknown quantities using the equations presented in the THEORY section. Show all calculations in the space provided adjacent to the circuit. b. Record your calculated results in the space provided. c. Using your modules connect the circuit as shown in each figure. d. Turn-on the power supply and adjust for the value of current as specified in each procedure. e. Make the required measurements and record them in the space provided. f. Return the voltage to zero and turn-off the power supply. g. Compare your calculated values with your measured values.

2. See the circuit shown in Fig 4-1 3. See the circuit shown in Fig 4-2 4. See the circuit shown in Fig 4-3 IV. Circuit Diagrams

V.

## Data and Results Table 4-1

E1 calculated Measured % diff simulated Table 4-2 E1 calculated Measured % diff simulated

Vr

VL

Theta

Fp

Vr

Vc

Theta

Fp

Table 4-3 E1 Calculated Measured % diff Simulated VI. Discussion and Analyses Vr Vc VL I Theta Fp Z

VII.

Conclusion

VIII.

Question and Problems 1. Does the sum of the voltage drop equal to the source voltage Es in procedures 2,3 and 4? Explain

2. Is there any discrepancy between your measured and calculated values? Explain.

3. If the source voltage Es were reduced to one-half its value for each of the circuits: a. Would any of the current values be affected? Explain.

## b. Would the phase angle change? Explain.

4. Given e=311.13 sin(377t+20) volts I=10cos(377t-60)amp Calculate: a.) Magnitude of impedance Z b.) Angle between current and voltage