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NIJ Awards in Fiscal Year 1997.

Series: Research in Brief

Author: National Institute of Justice
Published: June 1998
Subject: Program evaluations, funding resources
66 pages
94,000 bytes

U.S. Department of Justice

Office of Justice Programs
National Institute of Justice

National Institute of Justice

Jeremy Travis, Director

Research in Brief
June 1998

NIJ Awards in Fiscal Year 1997

This list presents the grants, interagency and cooperative agreements,

contracts, and fellowships awarded by the National Institute of Justice
(NIJ) during fiscal year 1997. The awards reflect research, evaluation,
training, dissemination, and technical support projects, including those
supported by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of
1994 (the Crime Act) and those conducted in partnership with other
Federal agencies.

An annual open solicitation for proposals invites investigators to initiate

research and evaluation in broadly defined topic areas; more focused
solicitations are issued throughout the year on specific topics and
programs, including those emphasized by the Crime Act.

Organization of the Awards List

The awards are listed alphabetically by project title within five major topic
areas and additional subcategories. Each award lists the title of the project,
the principal contact with affiliation, dollar amount, and the grant or
proposal application number. Grant numbers beginning with a number
other than 97 are supplements to previous years' awards. Grant numbers
starting with 98 were selected in fiscal year 1997 but processed after
October 1. (Projects with application numbers rather than grant numbers
were being processed as the list went to the printer.)

Awards made with funds appropriated under the Crime Act are identified
with an asterisk (*) before the project name.

For Further Information

The Institute's mission and approach to research is described in the NIJ

Prospectus, Building Knowledge about Crime and Justice. To receive a
copy or for information about NIJ programs, publications, or final reports,
visit NIJ's World Wide Web page at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij or
contact the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) at (301)
519-5500 or (800) 851-3420.

For online access to this Research in Brief as well as other NIJ

publications, connect to NIJ's Web page at http://www.ojp.gov/nij or the
Justice Information Center at http://www.ncjrs.org.



Criminal Behavior
Drug Use Forecasting (DUF)
Drugs and Crime
Residential Substance Abuse Treatment

Crime Control and Prevention

Community Policing
Crime Mapping
Firearms Research
Locally Initiated Partnerships--Policing

Criminal Justice System

Law Enforcement Family Support Program

Technology Research and Development

Community-Oriented Policing Technology
DNA Identification
Forensic DNA Laboratory Improvement Program
General Technology Support
Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Centers
Less-than-Lethal Technology

Information Dissemination and Technical Support


Criminal Behavior

Correlates of Specialization and Escalation in Criminal Careers

Pennsylvania State University
Chester Britt
This project is investigating factors that might predict the likelihood that
offenders will specialize in a crime type or escalate to more serious forms
of crime over the course of their criminal career.

Cost Analysis of Day Reporting Centers

Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
Amy Craddock
This analysis is examining whether the benefits of providing day reporting
centers exceed the costs and assessing how to increase program efficiency.

Evaluation of G.R.E.A.T.
University of Nebraska, Omaha
Finn-Aage Esbensen
This project supports the longitudinal evaluation of the Gang Resistance
Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T) Program, a school-based gang
prevention curriculum taught by law enforcement officers.

Immigration and Naturalization Service Detention and Removal: A White

Yale Law School
Peter H. Schuck
This report examines the limitations of the Immigration and Naturalization
Service (INS) current detention strategies and explores possible
improvements and alternatives.

Impact Evaluation of the Opportunity To Succeed Program

The Urban Institute
Shellie Rossman
This 4-year evaluation includes a process evaluation, an impact evaluation,
and a cost-benefit analysis of the OPTS program, which provides an array
of services to probationers and parolees returning to their communities.

Drug Use Forecasting (DUF)*

*This program was expanded into the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring
System (ADAM) in 1997.

The Drug Use Forecasting (DUF) program in 23 sites performs drug tests
on samples of arrestees brought to booking facilities. The test findings
indicate levels of drug use, determine what drugs are used in specific
jurisdictions, and track changes in arrestees' drug use patterns.

DUF--Statistical Support
Aspen Systems Corporation
Lilly Gardner
This award supports data entry, analyses, maintenance of data files,
preparation of publications, and periodic training and technical assistance
to site personnel.

Atlanta DUF
Georgia State University Institute of Government Administration
Kirk Elifson

Birmingham DUF
City of Birmingham
L. Foster Cook

Chicago DUF
TASC of Illinois, Inc.
Melody Heaps

Dallas DUF
Dallas County Sheriff's Department
Charles Fawn

Denver DUF
Colorado Division of Criminal Justice
Kim English

Detroit DUF
Michigan State University
Tim Bynum

Ft. Lauderdale DUF

Broward County Sheriff's Office
Ron Cochran

Houston DUF
Houston-Galveston Area Council
Brett Arkinson

Indianapolis DUF
Marion County Justice Agency
Cindy Mowery

Los Angeles DUF

Los Angeles, Inc., Public Health Foundation
Karen Garcia

Manhattan DUF
New York City Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation, and
Alcoholism Services
Patricia Thomas

Miami DUF
Metro Dade County
Dorothy Fletcher

New Orleans DUF

Orleans Parish Criminal Sheriff's Office
William C. Hunter

Omaha DUF
Omaha Office of Public Safety
Frederick Power

Philadelphia DUF
Temple University
Jack R. Green

St. Louis DUF

St. Louis (Missouri) Metropolitan Police Department
Scott H. Decker

San Antonio DUF

San Antonio Metropolitan Health District
Sergio Soto

Washington, DC DUF
District of Columbia Pretrial Service
Janis Bergin

Drugs and Crime

Assessment of the High-Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas (HIDTA)

BOTEC Analysis Corporation
Patricia M. Reinhardt
Five sites--Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York City, and the
Southwest Border--that participated in the High-Intensity Drug Trafficking
Areas program are being evaluated to ascertain effectiveness of program
implementation, distribution of program resources, and ability to foster
interagency cooperation.

Cocaine Alternative Treatment Study (CATS)

National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia
Herbert D. Kleber
This award assists the Cocaine Alternative Treatment Study in monitoring
six data collection sites during the first year of operation through
development of a data management system that will track site
performance, analyze program and client data, and assess compliance with

Evaluation of Breaking the Cycle

The Urban Institute
Adele Harrell
This award supports evaluation of a comprehensive and coordinated
program in Birmingham, Alabama, designed to reduce substance abuse
and criminal activity and improve the health and social functioning of
drug-involved offenders by combining drug treatment with criminal
justice sanctions and incentives.

*Evaluation of Drug Treatment Courts: Kansas City, Missouri, and

Pensacola, Florida
Abt Associates Inc.
Terence Dunworth
This award supports a process and outcome evaluation of two drug courts.

Evaluation of Operation Drug TEST (Testing, Effective Sanctions,

University of California, Los Angeles, and RAND Corporation
Douglas Longshore
Researchers are conducting a comprehensive impact and outcome
evaluation of Operation Drug TEST (Testing, Effective Sanctions,
Treatment), a drug testing and monitoring program for pretrial defendants
in 22 Federal judicial districts.

Homeless and Nonhomeless Persons: Patterns of Arrest and Drug Use

California Public Health Foundation
Richard Speigelman
This study is distinguishing patterns of arrest and drug use for homeless
versus nonhomeless persons in U.S. cities that participate in the Drug Use
Forecasting program.

Influence of Neighborhood Disadvantage on Delinquency and Drug Use

State University of New York, Albany, Research Foundation
Eric P. Baumer
This award is exploring the effects of individual, family, and
neighborhood characteristics on delinquency and drug use among
adolescents and young adults and possible indirect effects of neighborhood
on key causal paths to delinquency.

Life Course Model of Careers in Crime and Substance Abuse

University of Minnesota
Christopher Uggen
The award examines the effect of employment on drug use and criminal

Validity of Self-Reported Drug Use Across Five Factors

University of Maryland, College Park
Andre B. Rosay
Drug Use Forecasting data are being used to determine statistically
significant differences in the validity of self-reported drug use based on
gender, ethnicity, age, and offense category.

Residential Substance Abuse Treatment

*Client Motivation in Therapeutic Community Treatment

University of Delaware, Newark
Costel D. Denson
This project is evaluating the expansion of Delaware's therapeutic
continuum of residential treatment for drug abusing prisoners.

*Collaborative Evaluation of Pennsylvania's Program for Drug-Involved

Parole Violators
Vera Institute of Justice, Inc.
Douglas Young
The Pennsylvania Department of Corrections and the Vera Institute of
Justice propose to collaboratively evaluate the RSAT program as well as
conduct research on recidivism and recommitment of technical parole
violators to Pennsylvania state prisons.

*Evaluation of Florida's RSAT for State Prisoners Program

Florida State University
Olivia H. Pope
This project is evaluating the implementation and treatment effects of the
Residential Substance Abuse Treatment Program at three Florida
correctional facilities.

*Evaluation of Jail-Based Treatment in Virginia

University of Maryland, College Park
Faye Taxman
This award supports an evaluation of the implementation of the jail-based
program and its aftercare component. Researchers are collecting data
about the milieu in both the jail and the community, tracking the
treatment, and monitoring the outcome.

*Evaluation of RSAT
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Paul D. Moberg
This project is evaluating local implementation of Wisconsin's program,
which is located in a minimum security facility and offers a therapeutic
community for prisoners who are dually diagnosed with psychiatric

*Evaluation of RSAT for State Prison Inmates

University of New Mexico
Robert Wilson
This project is evaluating the "We Are Recovering" therapeutic
community at the Southern New Mexico Correctional Facility and
developing a framework for future evaluation of the program's aftercare

*Evaluation of RSAT for State Prisoners Program

University of Missouri, St. Louis
Mary Beth Johnson
The Ozark Correctional Center Drug Treatment Program is being
evaluated to determine whether participation in the program has resulted in
more desirable outcomes for inmates.

*Evaluation of Texas Youth Commission RSAT Chemical Dependency

University of Texas, Austin
William R. Kelly
The focus of this collaborative effort is an assessment of the relationship
between offender characteristics and predictors and treatment progress and

*Evaluation of the Barrett Juvenile Correctional Center's Treatment of

Substance Abusing Juvenile Offenders
Virginia Commonwealth University
Jill Gordon
The Barrett Juvenile Correctional Center in Virginia is being evaluated to
examine the impact this highly structured program for youth with
moderate to severe substance abuse problems has had on the development
of prosocial attitudes and behaviors.

*Evaluation of the Forever Free Substance Abuse Program

University of California, Los Angeles
Michael Prendergast
This award evaluates the Forever Free Substance Abuse Treatment
Program at the California Institution for Women.

*Evaluation of the Harris County (Texas) Sheriff's Department "New

Choices" Program
University of Houston
Joseph Caronari
New Choices, a program operated by the Harris County Sheriff's
Department in Houston, Texas, is being evaluated to determine the impact
of the program on clients.

*Evaluation of the Maxey Substance Abuse Treatment Program

University of Michigan
David Plawchan
This award supports an evaluation of the Maxey Training School for
substance abusing youth involved in the Michigan juvenile justice system.

*Evaluation of the Pine Lodge Prerelease RSAT Community for Women

Washington State University
Dretha Phillips
This evaluation is obtaining data on the strengths, weaknesses, and initial
effects on participants of the Pine Lodge Prerelease RSAT in eastern
Washington State.

*Evaluation of the Rhode Island Department of Corrections RSAT

Brown University
Craig Love
The Correctional Recovery Academy, operated by the Rhode Island
Department of Corrections, is being evaluated to determine the efficacy of
this cognitive and behavioral residential treatment program.

*Evaluation of the RSAT for State Prisoners Program

University of Illinois, Champaign
Ernest L. Cowles
A new program located at the Illinois Youth Center at St. Charles is being
evaluated to provide detailed information on the program's goals, context,
structure, and organizational linkages.

*Evaluation of the South Carolina RSAT for State Prisoners

University of South Carolina
Bill Ruefle
The Correctional Recovery Academy, operated by the South Carolina
Department of Corrections, is being evaluated to determine the
effectiveness of the Academy and of the related postrelease continuing
care program.

*Evaluation of the Therapeutic Community Program for Female

Substance Abusing Offenders at the Dwight Corrections Center
Governors State University
Cheryl L. Mejta
This award is a process and impact evaluation of a federally funded project
to treat female substance abuse offenders.

*National Evaluation of RSAT

National Development and Research Institute
Douglas S. Lipton
This award supports an evaluation of the implementation of the
Residential Substance Abuse Treatment program for State prisoners and
preliminary data collection for an outcome evaluation.

*Ohio RSAT Evaluation

Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services
Richard Mukisa
This partnership between the University of Cincinnati and the Ohio Office
of Criminal Justice Services is evaluating all four of Ohio's RSAT

*"The Other Way" Program Evaluation

University of Iowa
Anita Patterson
This award is evaluating the operations and effectiveness of The Other
Way, a substance abuse treatment program for adult men at Iowa's
Clarinda Correctional Facility.

*Therapeutic Milieu in Treatment of Offenders

University of Maryland, College Park
Faye S. Taxman
This award supports a process and impact evaluation of Maryland's
comprehensive strategy for providing treatment services to offenders both
during incarceration and upon release through an aftercare component.


Adolescent Violence in Schools and Communities

Vera Institute of Justice, Inc.
Mercer Sullivan
This award is using a comparative ethnographic approach to examine
violence in the lives of adolescents, including the effect of violence on
development, the construction of psychological coping mechanisms, the
relationship between the fear of being victimized and the propensity to
victimize others, and the meaning of violence to adolescents.

Adolescent Violence: Lethal and Nonlethal

Columbia University, School of Public Health
Jeffrey Fagan
This study of violent incidents among 15-24 year olds living in New York
City in 1986-1995 is identifying the individual, social, and economic risk
factors that contribute to violence among young people.

*Alcohol and Drugs in Domestic Violence: Their Effect on Womens'

Utilization of the Police
University of North Carolina, Charlotte
Ira W. Hutchison
This study investigates the connections between the use of alcohol and
other drugs and women's utilization of the police in domestic violence

*Alcohol Problems and Violence Against Women

University of Northern Iowa
William R. Downs
This study describes the relationship between alcohol abuse and domestic
violence among two at-risk populations--women in alcohol treatment
programs and women receiving services as victims of domestic violence.

*Assessing the Use of Medical Records as Legal Evidence in Domestic

Violence Cases
Northeastern University
Nancy Isaac
This researcher-practitioner partnership involving the legal, medical, and
victim advocacy communities is evaluating the utility of medical record
information as legal evidence of domestic violence.

Brooklyn Domestic Violence Experiment

Victim Services, Inc.
Robert Davis
This award supports an experimental evaluation of a batterers' treatment
program in Brooklyn, New York, to determine rates of new violence.

Comparing Adult and Juvenile Homicides in Los Angeles

University of Southern California
Cheryl Maxson
This project, part of a series of homicide studies, expands to adult
homicides an extensive data collection effort currently under way on
juvenile homicides in Los Angeles.

Domestic Violence Shelter Population in San Diego

San Diego Association of Governments
Susan Pennell
This award supports creation of a central repository of comprehensive
information of domestic violence shelters and the types of services needed
to improve delivery of services.
*Domestic Violence: Understanding the Criminal Justice Support Systems
for Women in Rural Communities
New Mexico State University
Satya P. Krishnan
This award is examining the initial contacts and progressions of 150
women in rural communities through three formal support systems
(shelter, law enforcement, and the court system) for a period of one year,
the factors involved in a woman's decision to seek and use the three formal
support systems, and the services offered by each.

Drugs and Alcohol and Their Connections to Domestic Violence

University of New Mexico
Marjorie Hudson
This award is collecting urine sample, police, and interview data on 400
domestic violence arrestees in Bernalillo County (Albuquerque), New
Mexico, to examine the nexus between substance abuse and domestic

Estimating the Population at Risk for Violence During Child Visitation

Victim Services Agency
Chris O'Sullivan
The project is examining family court records to determine the extent to
which women attempting to separate from a violent partner face risks of
violence when fathers exercise child visitation rights.

Evaluation of Tribal Stategies Against Violence Initiative

Orbis Associates
Richard Nichols
The Bureau of Justice Assistance's Tribal Strategies Against Violence
initiative is being evaluated to find out what comprehensive strategies
have been implemented by selected sites and to analyze how specific
characteristics of the reservation have affected development of the

*Evaluation of Victim Advocacy Services in Ohio's Domestic Violence

Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services
Carol Bohmer
This project assesses the effectiveness of Ohio's advocacy services in
helping women to pursue adjudication of perpetrators and achieve goals in
personal function.

Exploring the Links Between Substance Abuse and Domestic Violence

Research Triangle Institute
James Collins, NIJ Visiting Fellow
This award supports a study of programs that integrate domestic violence
services and substance abuse treatment for both batterers and victims.

From Probable Cause to Beyond Reasonable Doubt

Longview (Washington) Police Department
Bob Burgreen
This project is linking arrest and final disposition in domestic violence
cases through the use of a legal coordinator assigned to assist in all aspects
of domestic violence cases.

*Impact of Legal Advocacy on Intimate Partner Homicide

Carnegie Mellon University
Daniel Nagin
This award examines how local policy, social services, and resources
committed to legal advocacy effect differences in the rate of intimate
partner homicide over time across jurisdictions.

Murder in Space City Re-examined: Houston Homicide

Sam Houston State University
Victoria Brewer
This award, part of a series of homicide studies, is analyzing data from
Houston, Texas, police files to determine factors that correlate with high
homicide rates and case dispositions.

*National Evaluation of the Violence Against Women Act Grants

The Urban Institute
Martha Burt
This project continues documentation of the range of programs funded by
the Law Enforcement and Prosecution Grants under the Violence Against
Women Act, including assessment of grantee outcomes, examination of
their planning and implementation efforts, and development of a strategy
for documenting long-term impacts.

Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods

Harvard University
Felton J. Earls
This longitudinal study, which is sponsored jointly with the MacArthur
Foundation, is collecting data over an 8-year period on 7,000 children and
youths from birth to age 18, their
families, and their neighborhoods to trace the development of delinquent
and criminal behavior patterns, including substance abuse.

*Richmond (Virginia)-Police Foundation Domestic Violence Partnership

Police Foundation
Rosann Greenspan
This researcher-practitioner partnership is developing a data system for
tracking domestic violence program interventions and assessing and
evaluating the outcomes.

Risk of Serious Injury or Death in Intimate Violence

Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority
Carolyn R. Block
This project identifies factors that place battered women in danger of
life-threatening injury or death and develops high-risk profiles by
analyzing cases in which women and men were killed through intimate

*Stalking: Its Role in Serious Domestic Violence Cases

University of Colorado, Colorado Springs
Cindy B. Kamilar
This award examines the role of stalking in serious cases of domestic
violence and the effectiveness of antistalking laws in terms of arrest,
conviction, and sanction rates.

*Study of the Effectiveness of State Antistalking Efforts

Institute for Law and Justice, Inc.
J. Thomas McEwen
This national assessment of State antistalking efforts is identifying the
strengths and weaknesses of the efforts, describing model practices and
procedures, and specifying ways that antistalking initiatives can be

*Violence Against Women in El Paso, Texas

Texas A&M University
Andrew Giacomazzi
This award supports a collaboration between the El Paso Police and the
University of Texas at El Paso to implement strategies to reduce the
occurrence of domestic violence and evaluate the effectiveness of the

Crime Control and Prevention

*Boston's Safe Neighborhood Initiatives

Harvard University
Mark Moore
This award assists Boston's Safe Neighborhood Initiatives in developing a
model for implementing partnerships among police, prosecutors, and
members of the community to prevent and reduce crime and improve the
quality of life and in developing appropriate performance measurements
for such collaborations.

Childhood Victimization and Delinquency, Adult Criminality, and Violent

Criminal Behavior: A Replication and Extension
Washington Department of Social and Health Services
Diana J. English
This study is comparing substantiated cases of child abuse and neglect to
subsequent court records in King County, Washington, to determine the
relationship of childhood victimization to delinquency, adult criminality,
and violence.

*Enhancing Police Integrity

University of Delaware, Newark
Carl B. Klockars
This study of three exemplary police agencies is examining the formal and
informal mechanisms governing misconduct.

*Evaluation of Computers in Patrol Cars

San Francisco State University
Caran Colvin
This award is assessing a San Francisco Police Department's strategy to
reduce report-writing time. Specifically, the project will address the
question: Does the use of a mobile computer terminal save time, and if so,
is the time being reallocated to community policing?

*Force Factor
University of South Carolina
Geoffrey P. Alpert
This award is examining the issue of police use of force through a national
survey, development of a standardized definition of force, and a focus on
the Miami, Florida, and Prince Georges County, Maryland, police

Housing Conditions, Fear, and Victimization

University of Utah
Barbara Brown
This award uses baseline data and data from a new housing subdivision in
Salt Lake City to test whether proximity to the new subdivision and to
scattered site housing rehabilitation has any impact on fear, victimization,
or spill-over housing upgrading.

Impact Evaluation of the Weed and Seed Program

Abt Associates Inc.
Terence Dunworth
This impact evaluation is assessing outcomes of the Weed and Seed
program in eight sites using a multimethod approach.

National Crime Victimization Survey: Survey Attrition, Victimization,

and Reporting Crime
Arizona State University
Sharon Lohr
Researchers are analyzing data from the National Crime Victimization
Survey to explore the probability of nonresponse among crime victims so
that partial information in the data can be used.

Phoenix Use of Force Project: Predictors of Suspects' Use of Force

University of North Carolina, Charlotte
David J. Hirschel
Researchers are reanalyzing the data from the 1994 Phoenix, Arizona,
use-of-force study to assess the factors likely to result in a suspect's use of
force against police officers initiating an arrest as well as the factors likely
to predict suspect compliance during the making of an arrest.

*Responding to the Problem Police Officer: An Evaluation of Early

Warning Systems
University of Nebraska, Omaha
Mary Laura Farnham
Law enforcement agencies have developed early warning systems to
identify officers who receive high rates of citizen complaints and to
provide remedial intervention to correct their behavior. This award is
conducting a national assesment of early warning systems to determine
their effects on police officer performance.

Role of Local Law Enforcement in Controlling Illegal Immigration and

Other Transnational Crimes
Georgetown University
William McDonald, NIJ Visiting Fellow
This project studies State and local law enforcement efforts against
transnational crime, including illegal immigration, street crime committed
by illegal immigrants, organized crime initiated outside U.S. borders, and
immigrant involvement in the drug trade.

Security Technologies in Schools

Sandia National Laboratories
Mary W. Green
This award will develop a guide for law enforcement and public school
officials to use in determing the appropriateness, cost, and expected
effectiveness of applying security technologies in schools.

Tenant Organization and Its Effects on Neighborhood Crime

John Jay College of Criminal Justice, Research Foundation of the City
University of New York
Gary Winkel
Researchers are investigating the effects of tenant social organizations by
examining whether better organized buildings are less prone to
neighborhood crime than are less well organized buildings.
*Who Gets What in Policing? National Assessment of Police Chiefs'
Experiences with Budgets
Police Executive Research Forum
Clifford L. Karchmer
This award supports a national assessment of police chiefs' concern with
issues involved in budgetary decisionmaking, the factors associated with
success or difficulty, and innovative approaches to the budgetary process.

*Women in Policing: Assessing the Work Environment

New Traditions for Women, Inc.
Donna Milgram
This award is developing a "Workplace Environment Assessment Tool"
law enforcement agencies can use to determine how receptive their
workplace is to women and minority police officers, identify what barriers
(if any) exist for women and minority police officers, and pinpoint the
barriers with enough specificity that police departments can take action to
overcome them.

Community Policing

*Analysis of the Indirect Impacts of Community Policing

Police Foundation
David Weisburd
This award examines the issue of displacement and diffusion in police
efforts to reduce crime in Jersey City, New Jersey.

Community Policing in a Commercial District

Temple University
Jack R. Greene
This award supports an examination of community policing in a
commercial district of Philadelphia to better understand how
problem-oriented policing efforts address crime, fear, and incivilities in
business districts.

*Community Variables in Community Policing

State University of New York, Albany, Research Foundation

David Duffee
This project is identifying the dimensions of police-community interaction
in community policing initiatives.

*Computer-Aided Dispatch in Support of Community Policing

Institute for Law and Justice, Inc.
J. Thomas McEwen
This study examines how computer-aided dispatch (CAD) systems can be
incorporated more effectively into community policing efforts.
Effects of Geographical and Staffing Models on Community Policing
San Diego (California) Police Department
Donna J. Warlick
From 1994 through 1996, the San Diego Police Department accomplished
a massive Department reorganization to support neighborhood policing
efforts. This award supports a test of the effectiveness of a modification
that incorporates both "beat cops" with team policing features.

Evaluation of the Dallas (Texas) Police Department's Interactive

Community Policing Program
Center for Research, Evaluation, and Technology
Charles Mindel
This evaluation examines implementation of an Interactive Community
Policing Model (ICPM) in Dallas, Texas; codifies and measures the
ICPM; develops a replicable implementation technology; and assesses the
effects of the ICPM on the community and the police department.

*Evaluation of the Police Corps Program

Westat, Inc.
Stephen K. Dietz
Using a within and cross-site evaluation process, researchers are assessing
six demonstration Police Corps sites to determine the impact of training on
recruits' attitudes toward community policing.

Implementing Community Policing in Los Angeles, California: An Action

Science Partnership
Training Research Corporation
Edward Smith
This project establishes a partnership between the Los Angeles Police
Department and the city's two largest research universities to test whether
the implementation of community policing can be accelerated by feeding
data into the organization at strategic points and whether such a
partnership can be a catalyst in transforming a large and complex police

Leaders' Perceptions of Community Policing

University of Cincinnati
Lawrence Travis
This award explores the nature and extent of agreement relating to
community policing as expressed by police agency executives, police
officer association leaders, and union leaders.

*Structure of Large Municipal Police Organizations During the

Community Policing Era
University of Nebraska
Mary Laura Farnham
This award examines the impact of community policing on the structural
organization of police agencies. Specifically, does community policing
reduce the levels of hierarchy, decentralize decisionmaking, and result in
less formalization and fewer special units?

Using a High-Definition Geographic Information System to Enhance

Community Policing on College Campuses
Temple University
George F. Rengert
This award supports a test of a high definition, three-dimensional
geographic information system to identify "hot spots" on campus,
implement responses, and measure the effectiveness of the responses.

Crime Mapping

*Demonstrating the Analytical Utility of GIS for Policing

Southern Illinois University
James LeBeau
Four mapping and geographic information system modules are being
developed to demonstrate the utility of different cartographic techniques in
the analysis of calls for service, identification of locations particularly
dangerous to officers, and predictions of violence.

Development of a Geographic Information System Analysis Software

Environmental Systems Research Institute
John Perry
This award is developing and field testing geographic information
system-based crime analysis application modules to provide a series of
tools that can be applied to different patrol beats to facilitate
community-oriented policing.

Development of a Spatial Analysis Tool Kit for Use in a Metropolitan

Crime Incident Geographic Information System
Ned Levine and Associates
Ned Levine
This award is testing new methods of spatial analysis for mapping crime
patterns, especially break-ins and auto thefts, in Baltimore County.

*Enhancing the Design and Analytical Potential of Crime Mapping

Southern Illinois University
James LeBeau
This award provides training to NIJ's Crime Mapping Research Center
staff in the use of cartographic and spatial analytic applications and in the
research and development of specific mapping applications.

*Innovative Crime Mapping Techniques and Special Analysis

Hunter College, Research Foundation of the City University of New York
Victor Goldsmith
The City University of New York and the New York City Police
Department are expanding their current collaboration to test
methodologies that will augment the capacity of individual precincts to
analyze crime patterns.

Firearms Research

Effectiveness of Denial of Handgun Purchase

University of California, Davis
Garen Wintemute
This award is assessing the effectiveness of California's criminal history
background checks for handgun purchases, which became more stringent
in 1991.

Handgun Intervention Program Evaluation

The Urban Institute
Jeffrey A. Roth
This study is evaluating the Handgun Intervention Program in the 36th
District Court in Detroit, Michigan. The goal of the program is to prevent
gun violence among defendents charged with carrying a concealed

Illegal Firearms Markets

Northeastern University
Glenn L. Pierce
This award is using data from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and
Firearms' Youth Handgun Interdiction Initiative to improve understanding
of illegal firearms markets targeting juveniles, to understand the utility of
firearms tracing, and to identify requirements to more effectively trace

Youth, Firearms, and Violence in Atlanta: A Problem-Solving Approach

Emory University
Arthur Kellermann
This study employs a problem-solving approach to reduce gun violence
among youth in metropolitan Atlanta. The approach involves working
with the community and with State and local governments to analyze the
magnitude, extent, and characteristics of the problem.

Locally Initiated Partnerships--Policing

*Development of a Multiagency Police Research Partnership Involving

Arizona's Police Departments
Arizona State University
Vince Webb
This award establishes a police-researcher partnership to share information
about each agency's community policing program and to refine each
agency's community policing research agenda.

Locally Initiated Research Partnership with Arlington County, Virginia

The Urban Institute
Elizabeth Langston
The award supports a partnership between the Urban Institute and the
Arlington County Police Department to explore the continued
development of community policing.

National Evaluation of Locally Initiated Research Partnership

Institute for Law and Justice, Inc.
J. Thomas McEwen
This award continues and expands the current evaluation of the 37 projects
in the Locally-Initiated Research Partnership Program through case
studies, telephone interviews, review of grant products, Internet
participation, and interaction at annual cluster conferences.

Research Partnership Between Lexington (Kentucky) Police Department

and Eastern Kentucky University
Eastern Kentucky University
Larry K. Gaines
This project establishes a research partnership to support one initial
research project, plan a second one, and establish a system for soliciting,
prioritizing, and supervising subsequent research projects.

Criminal Justice System

*Analysis of Global Database on Crime and Criminal Justice

Robin W. Burnham, NIJ Visiting Fellow
This project is reviewing the history and development of the five waves of
the United Nations Crime Survey, addressing its weaknesses and
strengths, and developing recommendations to address specific concerns
of member nations.

Criminal Justice Research Training Program for Graduate Students

Howard University
Florence B. Bonner
This training program gives graduate students an opportunity to gain
experience in criminal justice research and research administration.

Community Justice: A Comprehensive and Analytical Review

George Washington University and Florida State University
David Karp and Todd R. Clear
Two prominent researchers are examining the core elements of community
justice, including current practice, analytic framework, distinctiveness
relative to other approaches, and justification based on contemporary
political philosophy.

Developing an Internet Model for Cross-National Information Sharing and

Sergey S. Chapkey, NIJ Visiting Fellow
This project further develops the Institute's cross-national information
sharing and dissemination capabilities.

*Development of a National Study of Victim Needs and Assistance

Victim Services, Inc.
Robert Davis
This award involves a pilot study of methodological approaches for a
national effort to identify crime victims and their needs, sources of
assistance, and services received.

*Evaluation of the Local Law Enforcement Block Grant Program

Cosmos Corporation
Robert Yin
This award examines how State and local governments are using Local
Law Enforcement Block Grant Programs, analyzes the decisionmaking
models they use to allocate funds, evaluates the process used to identify an
innovative project, and evaluates BJA's electronic application process and
monitoring processes.

*Evaluation of Victim Advocacy Through a Team Approach

Wayne State University
Arlene N. Weisz
This award evaluates the services provided by advocates in police and
prosecutor offices to examine the effectiveness of advocacy on the type of
prosecution, rate of repeat victimization, and satisfaction with services

Investigating Repeat Victimization with the National Crime Victimization

American University
Peter Koutsandreas
National Crime Victimization Survey data are being analyzed to ascertain
the contribution of repeat victims to the annual victimization rate and
determine predictors of the transition to repeat victim status, thus
providing insight into who will become a repeat victim.

*Linguistic Methods of Determining Authorship

Carole E. Chaski, NIJ Visiting Fellow
This project is developing, demonstrating, and testing a technique that
uses the language of a document to provide evidence of an author's

*Lummi Automated Case Tracking and Management System

Lummi Indian Nation
Darrell Hillaire
This project is developing and implementing an automated case tracking
and management system that will electronically connect data on a criminal
incident, arrest, adjudication, and sentence to a unified database that can
be accessed by criminal justice agencies.

*Police Response to Officer-Involved Shootings

University of Houston
David A. Klinger
This award is examining how shootings affect police officers and
developing techniques to enhance the capacity of police administrators and
mental health professionals to develop procedures that will minimize
negative consequences for officers involved in such incidents.

Psychological and Behavioral Effects of Hate Crimes on Victims

Boston (Massachusetts) Police Department
Luis Garcia
This project is examining the lingering effects of hate violence on victims
and assessing the effectiveness of the criminal justice system in meeting
the needs of such victims.

*Public Attitudes Concerning the Use of New Technologies To Detect

Johns Hopkins University
Daniel W. Webster
This study is examining public attitudes toward new law enforcement
weapons detection and surveillance technologies and intervention

Public Responses to Vermont's Experiment with Restorative Justice

Doble Research Associates, Inc.
John Doble
This award is surveying the opinions of Vermont's citizens about and
experience with the State's system of "restorative justice" and the views of
criminal justice officials about the new system and its effectiveness.

Sex Offender Notification in Wisconsin Communities

Marquette University
Richard G. Zevitz
This award examines the effectiveness of various approaches to notifying
citizens that a sex offender is living in their community.

*Sex Offenders in the Community: The Value of Polygraphs

Colorado Division of Criminal Justice
Kim English
Researchers are exploring the value of and ethics surrounding polygraph
data in monitoring, treatment, and prevention of sexual assaults by sex
offenders who have been released to the community.

Toward Common Sense in Sentencing

Thomas J. Quinn, NIJ Visiting Fellow
This project examines the emerging interest in restorative justice from the
perspective of State and local criminal justice officials and policymakers.

Workshop on Longitudinal Surveys of Children

National Science Foundation
Cheryl Eavey
This award supports efforts to collaborate and share information among
investigators and funders of current and future longitudinal surveys of


Analysis of Post-Prison Employment of the Herman Toulson Boot Camps

Prerelease Employment Program
Coppin State University
Sherrise Y. Truesdale
This award compares the employment success of graduates of the Herman
Toulson Boot Camp Prerelease Employment program to offenders who
were placed on probation or parole.

Case Classification in Community Corrections: A National Survey

University of Cincinnati
Edward Latessa
This award is surveying community corrections agencies to describe the
nature and extent of these agencies' use of case classifications.

Evaluating the Impact of Alternative Housing and Programming Policies

in Adult Prisons
Abt Associates Inc.
Terence Dunworth
This award is examining the issue of waived juveniles sentenced to adult
prisons to determine the number of waived juveniles admitted to adult
prisons in 1997 in each State, to identify the characteristics of these
juveniles, and to describe how prisons respond to their needs.
*Evaluation of the Bureau of Justice Assistance's Correctional Options
Demonstration Program
National Council on Crime and Delinquency
James F. Austin
This award supports continued evaluation of cost-effective alternatives to
traditional incarceration. Fifteen sites that operate boot camps and other
intermediate sanctions programs are being evaluated.

Evaluation of the National Institute of Corrections' Criminal Justice

System Project
Policy Studies, Inc.
David Price
This process evaluation of the National Institute of Corrections' Criminal
Justice System Project (CJSP) is assessing the ability of new correctional
policymaking structures to work collaboratively, generate long-term
strategies for systemwide change, and develop sanctioning options that
meet policy goals.

*Executive Seminar Series on Sentencing and Corrections

University of Minnesota
Michael Tonry
This project supports five seminars involving researchers and practitioners
with expertise in sentencing and corrections to identify significant issues
and discuss how those issues can be addressed through sentencing policies
and correctional practices.

*Government Management of Correctional Privatization and Its Impact on

Public Administration
Abt Associates Inc.
Terence Dunworth
This award examines issues related to the privatization of correctional
initiatives, including the experience to date of Federal, State, and local
governments in managing private correctional firms and an evaluation of
contracting approaches.

Health Status of Soon-To-Be-Released Inmates

National Commission on Correctional Health Care
Robert Greifinger
Panels of experts in correctional health care are identifying interventions
for the diagnosis and treatment of communicable diseases, chronic
diseases, and mental illnesses in soon-to-be released inmates.

*Impact of Truth-in-Sentencing on Length of Stay in Prison

The Urban Institute
William J. Sabol
This award assesses the effects of truth-in-sentencing provisions on length
of stay, develops methods for estimating length of stay for entering
cohorts, and explores how the criminal justice and corrections systems
have adapted to truth-in-sentencing.

New Boys On the Block: Under 18-Year-Olds in Adult Prisons

American Correctional Association
Robert B. Levinson
This study is determining the number of offenders under 18 years of age in
adult prisons and examining the different management methods used to
assign this special juvenile population to living quarters.

*New Jersey's No Early Release Act: Its Impact on Prosecution,

Sentencing, Corrections, Parole, and Victim Satisfaction
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Candace McCoy
This study is determining the impact of New Jersey's "No Early Release
Act," which requires that offenders convicted of violent crimes serve a
minimum of 85 percent of their sentences before becoming eligible for

Nighttime Incarceration as an Intermediate Sanction

University of Oklahoma
Thomas James
This award is evaluating an Oklahoma program that uses nighttime
incarceration as an intermediate sanction.

Parents in Prisons: Understanding the Attitudes and Practices of

Incarcerated Men Toward Their Children
National Trust for the Development of African-American Men
Garry A. Mendez
Researchers are developing a survey of male prisoners to assess their
attitudes toward childrearing and developing a parenting program to help
incarcerated men learn how to communicate with their children; build
relationships; and provide for themselves, their families, and their

*Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing and Crime, Law, and Justice: A

Research Partnership
Pennsylvania State University
Barry Ruback
This partnership is developing a 5-year research agenda involving a
multisite evaluation of the use and effect of intermediate sanctions,
especially victim restitution, and an assessment of the impact of changes
in sentencing policies on the racial and ethnic composition of
Pennsylvania's prisons.

*Sentence Offender/Evaluation of New Mexico's Private- Public

Partnership Offender Work Program
University of New Mexico
Bert Useem
Researchers are examining the effects of New Mexico's new work
program on inmates and parolees.

Sentencing Reforms and Their Effects on Corrections

Oregon Criminal Justice Commission
Phillip Lemman
This award is exploring the effects of a 1994 Oregon initiative that created
mandatory minimum prison sentences for specified crimes against
persons, required that juveniles committing these crimes be treated as
adults, and eliminated any statutory sentence reduction.

*Unintended Consequences of Removal on Community Organization

The Urban Institute
William J. Sabol
This project is examining the impact the increased number of young men
who are incarcerated has on communities and on patterns of crime and
social order.

*Unintended Consequences of Sentencing Policy: The Creation of

Long-Term Healthcare Obligations
Abt Associates Inc.
Terence Dunworth
This project is assessing the health care needs and associated health care
costs for offenders under the custody of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, and
predicting changes in these needs as a result of violent offender initiatives,
truth-in-sentencing provisions, and other sentencing reforms.


Assessment of Washington, D.C.'s Pilot Community Prosecution Initiative

Barbara Boland, NIJ Visiting Fellow
This award is assisting the U.S. Attorney of the District of Columbia in
evaluating the effectiveness of the Fifth District's Community Prosecution
Pilot Project.

Clients of Street Prostitutes: Exploring Court Diversion Programs

University of Portland
Martin A. Monto
This research is providing descriptive data on men who have been arrested
for soliciting prostitution in San Francisco and Portland and who are
required to participate in a court diversion program.
*Domestic Violence Courts
National Center for State Courts
Victor Flango
This award is creating the first comprehensive catalogue of domestic
violence courts in the United States and is developing a set of performance
goals and related measures to build a common understanding of the
operations of various models of domestic violence courts.

Evaluating Treatment Drug Courts in Portland, Oregon, and Las Vegas,

Crime and Justice Research Institute
John Goldkamp
This evaluation consists of a two-part study with a descriptive, historical,
and attitudinal analysis of the two drug courts and a retrospective
assessment of their operation over a 5-year period.

Evaluation and Review of the Peacemaker Court of the Navajo Nation

Temple University
Eric Gross
Researchers are measuring the efficacy of the Peacemaker Court
(including rates of recidivism and contribution to social harmony) and
assisting the Navajo Judicial Office in developing a comprehensive
computerized system that will organize Court performance evaluation.

Evaluation of the District of Columbia Superior Drug Court Intervention

The Urban Institute
Adele Harrell
This award supports process and impact evaluations and cost-benefit
analysis of two treatment strategies associated with the D.C. Drug Court
Intervention Program.

*Evaluation of the Kings County Felony Domestic Violence Court

Fund for the City of New York
Michele Sviridoff
This evaluation of the Kings County Felony Domestic Violence Court,
which emphasizes continuous judicial supervision of defendants and
continual updates on the delivery of assistance to victims, is based on a
mix of quantitative and qualitative methods.

Law Enforcement Family Support Program

*Collier County (Florida) Sheriff's Office Law Enforcement Family

Support Initiative
Collier County
Edward Ferguson
This project establishes a comprehensive stress reduction program for law
enforcement and corrections personnel and their spouses.

*Family Violence Prevention and Recovery Project

Los Angeles County (California) Sheriff's Department
Audrey L. Honig
This award is creating a multifaceted education, training, and treatment
program for law enforcement personnel who are experiencing family
violence problems and to assess how the agency responds to such
incidents in the community.

*Law Enforcement Family Support: Demonstration Project

Tennessee Sheriff's Association, Inc.
Paul Jennings
Stress reduction services are being provided through peer support groups,
a toll-free hotline for officers and their families, a stress reduction program
for regional academies, and a training workbook.

*Law Enforcement Workstress and Family Support

Baltimore City (Maryland) Fraternal Order of Police
Gary McLhinney
This project is assessing the effectiveness of a total quality management
(TQM) model to reduce stress for Baltimore, Maryland, officers and their
spouses using surveys of perceived stress, accident rates, citizen
complaints, and absenteeism, among other variables.

*Stress Reduction Program for Law Enforcement Officers and Their

City of Colorado Springs, Colorado
Carol Logan
This award is examining the value of using eye movement desensitization
and reprocessing (EMDR), which has been successfully used to treat
posttraumatic stress syndrome and other psychological traumas, to reduce
job-related stress among police officers and their families.

Stress Reduction Program for Law Enforcement Personnel and Their

Los Angeles (California) Police Department
Kevin Jablonski
This award is examining the efficacy of stress reduction interventions
related to anger behavior and management, testing for HIV, and
involvement in civil litigation.

Technology Research and Development

Community-Oriented Policing Technology

Affordable Crime Mapping and Information-Sharing Technology for
Community Police Officers
New Orleans (Louisiana) Police Department
Michael Pfeiffer
This award is developing an affordable crime-mapping and
information-sharing technology using touch-screen technology for beat
officers and community members.

Algorithmic Image Matching: Police Technology Research and

Development Project
Santa Ana (California) Police Department
Paul M. Walters
This award supports the development of an Algorithm Image Matching
(AIM) system to reduce the time required to search automated mug shot
systems. The system will be able to compare photographs, sketches, and
video images.

APD Intranet/Briefing Stations

Arlington (Texas) Police Department
Larry Barclay
This award is developing a system for beat officers to access information
through a number of methods, such as computerized briefing stations,
electronic mail, and beat inquiries.

Artificial Neural Network System for Classification of Offenders in

Murder and Rape Cases
Battelle Memorial Institute
Jennifer Miles
This grant is developing software for the Washington State Attorney
General's Office that can compare unknown murder and rape offenders
and their method of operating to the offenders and methods in similar
cases on file.

Automation of Local Police Functions

New York State Department of Criminal Justice Services
Jim Shea
This award is providing the expanded, real-time database access software
used by nearly half of New York State's law enforcement agencies,
allowing officers to access and add incident and arrest data via laptop

Building Effective Strategies for Community Policing: Phase 3

State University of New York, Albany, Research Foundation
Ray Hunt
This project supports the collaboration between a university team and the
Buffalo Police Department to help define, clarify, develop, and deploy a
vision and strategy for community policing.

Demonstration of Concealed Weapons Detection System Using

Electromagnetic Resonances
Akela, Inc.
Allan R. Hunt
This project is developing a handheld concealed weapons detection system
with potential to detect metal and plastic weapons beneath clothing.

Development of a Neighborhood Problem-Solving System

Abt Associates Inc.
Marianne Beauregard
This award is developing a neighborhood problem-solving system for
Hartford, Connecticut, that will contain databases of city agencies,
demographic data, and other community information.

FALCON (Future Alert and Contact Network)

Charlotte (North Carolina) Police Department
Maureen Brown
This project is developing the Future Alert and Contact Network
(FALCON) to predict community problems and allow the beat officer to
be more proactive in community policing.

Largo Police Department Wireless Internet Project

Largo (Florida) Police Department
Brian McKeon
This grant is implementing a wireless remote data and voice
communications system to link beat officers, investigators, and the
community. Officers are using devices equipped with wireless cellular
modems, keyboards, pen-based handwriting
software, cellular voice communication, and Web-browsing software,
creating a wireless intranet.

Metropolitan Nashville Police Department Palm Top Project

Metropolitan Nashville (Tennessee) Police Department
Kenneth R. Peace
This project is creating an onsite system for law enforcement officers to
conduct up-to-date warrant, arrest history, and stolen vehicle checks;
access mug shots; and complete reports onsite and online.

Portable Concealed Weapon Detector

Los Angeles County (California) Sheriff's Office
Yu-Wen Chang
This research is developing the prototype of a handheld device to detect
metal or plastic concealed weapons at a distance of up to 10 feet.
*Portable Voice-Command Translation System
Integrated Wave Technologies, Inc.
A. Robert Sabo
This project is designing and fabricating three voice response translator
(VRT) modules that allow officers to identify a subject's language and
translate the officers' questions and instructions into that language.

Seamless Mobile Law Enforcement Computer Network

Virginia Department of State Police
John Furlough
This grant is developing an infrastructure in Virginia to seamlessly
connect different cellular carriers for voice and data communications. The
infrastructure will maximize the coverage area and minimize the cost of

Software Development for Intelligence Gathering

Monroe County (Florida) Sheriff's Office
Tyrrell Armstrong
This project is developing and demonstrating a new information gathering
strategy that enables police to collect, classify, and analyze data based on
geographic location.

DNA Identification

*Capillary Electrophoresis for Forensic STR Analysis: Validation and

Vermont Department of Public Safety
Eric Buel
This project is investigating the use of capillary electrophoresis for the
analysis of STRs.

*Chip Based Genetic Detector for Rapid Identification of Individuals

Nanogen, Inc.
Michael I. Nerenberg
This award is applying silicon microchip-based technology to analysis of
the variability of chromosomal tandem repeats to permit greater than 99
percent certainty of identity and accelerate development of a fully
integrated, portable system.

*Development of the Human Y Chromosome as a Forensic Tool

University of Arizona
Michael F. Hammer
Development of the human Y chromosome for use as a forensic tool
promises to be less complicated than current typing systems and carries
low risk of postcollection contamination.

*Enhancement of the DNA Program in the Utah State Criminalistics

Utah Department of Public Safety, Division of Investigation
Pilar A. Shortsleeve
This project enables the Utah Central Crime Laboratory to implement
automated procedures for spotting and extracting DNA samples for
CODIS and establishes an STR analytical procedure to facilitate interface
with other crime labs currently performing only PCR analysis.

*Establishment of a Statewide DNA Database with CODIS Capability

Delaware Health and Social Services
Richard T. Callery
To comply with Delaware State statute, this award establishes a
centralized database of convicted
offender DNA profiles so that information can be exchanged among
Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies.

*Evaluation of New STR Markers for Forensic Analysis

University of Pittsburgh
Ranjan Deka
Researchers are establishing the utility of short tandem repeat (STR) loci
in forensic DNA analysis by characterizing a large number of STR loci in
well-defined populations of known anthropological and demographic

*Forensic Typing of Mitochondrial DNA Using Peptide Nucleic Acid

American University
James E. Girard
This award combines forensic and academic laboratory techniques in order
to develop a powerful alternative to traditional gel electrophoresis.

*Implementation of DNA Analysis at the Louisiana State Police Crime

Louisiana State Police
Frank L. Tridico
This award covers purchase of laboratory supplies and equipment,
observation and training of analysts, evaluation of analytical methods and
documentation, and creation of a local population database.

*Improve Analysis of DNA Short Tandem Repeats for Human

Genetrace Systems, Inc.
Christopher H. Becker
This project uses mass spectrometry to achieve a more efficient, less
expensive analysis of DNA short tandem repeats than current technology

*Ohio Statewide Consortium DNA Grant

Ohio Bureau of Criminal Identification
Roger Kahn
To ensure the success of the CODIS program, 11 criminal laboratories in
Ohio are being upgraded. The next generation of forensic DNA typing
loci, short tandem repeats (STRs), are also being tested.

*State of Oklahoma DNA Offender Database

Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation
Darrel W. Wilkins
This project accelerates implementation of a DNA offender database for
the State of Oklahoma and improves forensic DNA testing capabilities at
the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation.

*Validation of Pattern Recognition Methods Applied to Forensic

Chemical Data
University of South Carolina
Stephen L. Morgan
Forensic analytical methods are being developed and validated using
pyrolysis gas chromatography/mass spectrometry coupled with
cherometric data analysis.

*Validation of STR Typing of Convicted Offender Samples

Oregon Department of State Police
Cec von Beroldingen
CODIS equipment is being upgraded to improve performance and to
validate STR typing of convicted offender samples by capillary
electrophoresis for DNA database implementation.

Forensic DNA Laboratory Improvement Program

The following awards represent an ongoing NIJ effort to enhance the DNA
analysis capabilities of State and local crime laboratories across the
country. Projects focus on installation and upgrade of laboratory
equipment, implementation of a national DNA database, development of
faster methods of DNA typing, and training for analysts.

California: Forensic DNA Laboratory Improvement Program

California Department of Justice, Bureau of Forensic Services
Jan Bashinski

Charlotte, North Carolina: Forensic DNA Laboratory Improvement

City of Charlotte, North Carolina
Roger Thompson

Connecticut: Forensic DNA Laboratory Program for Connecticut

Connecticut Department of Public Safety
Elaine Pagliaro

*Idaho: Forensic DNA Laboratory Improvement Program

Idaho Department of Law Enforcement
R. Dan Charboneau

*Iowa: DCI Laboratory DNA Improvement Project

Iowa Department of Public Safety, Division of Criminal Investigation
Michael L. Rehberg

Kansas: Forensic DNA Laboratory Improvement Program

Kansas Bureau of Investigation
Eileen Burnau

*Maine: Statewide DNA Laboratory Program

Maine Department of Public Safety
Timothy D. Kupferschmid

*Massachusetts: State Police-Boston Police DNA Laboratory

Improvement Project
Massachusetts State Police
Kathleen M. Stefani

Michigan: Forensic DNA Laboratory Program

Michigan Department of State Police, Forensic Science Division
Frank Schehr

*Mississippi: PCR DNA Analyses Improvement Program

Mississippi Department of Public Safety
Deborah K. Haller

*Nebraska: Forensic DNA Laboratory Improvement Program

Nebraska State Patrol
John Dietrich

New York: Forensic DNA Laboratory Improvement Program

New York State Division of Criminal Justice
Carl M. Selavka

North Dakota: Forensic DNA Laboratory Improvement Program

North Dakota Department of Health
Aaron E. Rash

*Rhode Island: Forensic DNA Laboratory STR and CODIS Expansion

Rhode Island Department of Health
David B. Uliss

*South Carolina: State DNA Offender Database Program

South Carolina Law Enforcement Division
Matthew G. Fitts

Washington: Forensic DNA Laboratory Program

Washington State Patrol
James S. Stuart

Wisconsin: DNA Improvement Project

Wisconsin Department of Justice
Jerry Guerts

General Technology Support

Application of Static Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry to Trace Evidence

Lockheed Martin Energy Research, Idaho National Engineering
Gary S. Groenwold
This award supports static secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS)
analysis for chemical characterization of trace evidence, focusing on
man-made fibers and paint coatings.

Armstrong Laboratory Acoustic Study

U.S. Department of the Air Force, Armstrong Laboratories
James R. Jauchem
This award is demonstrating the utility of ultra-low frequency sound as an
incapacitation technology suitable for hostage rescue scenarios.
Assessment of Explosively Formed Penetrator (Flying Plate)
U.S. Department of the Navy, Naval Surface Warfare Center
Mard Magdinec
The Department of the Navy is assessing the potential utility of an
explosively formed penetrator (flying plate).

*Assessment of Law Enforcement Technology Training Needs

Sam Houston State University
Larry T. Hoover
This award is surveying technology training needs and available training
curriculums to determine areas of inadequacy, then is developing new
technologies and systems for law enforcement.

Assessment of Police and Sheriff Departments

Center for Technology Commercialization, Inc.
Thomas Kennedy
This award is surveying a representative cross section of police and
sheriff's departments to determine current use and unmet needs for
information management.

*Ballistics Matching Using Three-Dimensional Images of Bullets and

Cartridge Cases
Intelligent Automation, Inc.
Leonard S. Haynes
Three-dimensional data is being captured from a bullet's surface using a
structure similar to an atomic force microscope. The new approach builds
upon an existing system--called Rotoscan--which digitizes striation data
from bullets.

*Body Cavity Screening System

Quantum Magnetics, Inc.
Geoff Barrall
A safe, noninvasive system based on magnetic resonance imaging is being
designed and tested to detect contraband, such as very hard plastic or
metal weapons or narcotics, being transported or hidden inside the body.

Collection and Analysis of Explosives Trace Chemical Evidence

Lockheed Martin Energy Research, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Michael E. Sigman
New materials and methods--surface wipes and sorbents--are being
developed for the sampling and analysis of trace chemical evidence,
including pre- and postblast explosive residue from surfaces.

*Computerized Mug Book

Southeastern Louisiana University
Hunter A. McAllister
This research is testing the use of computerized, multimedia mugshots and
video imagery in criminal identification.

Concealed Weapons and Counterterrorism Detection System

Nicolet Imaging Systems
Christopher McBee
This award supports the development and testing of an improved portal
device to detect contraband.

*Containment Devices for Small Terrorist Bombs

JAYCOR Defense Sciences Group
Herman H. Klein
Because current methods of bomb disposal are dangerous, this award
supports development and evaluation of a new design for a low-cost,
lightweight, easily transportable, blast-resistant container for law
enforcement to store and transport bombs.

*Database Integration and Access for Law Enforcement Intranet

Tucson (Arizona) Police Department
Bradley Cochran
This award involves design and management of an integrated justice
information database, secured intranet server and transaction processing,
and cost-effective graphical remote information access functions.

*Demonstration of Orthophotographic Representation and Analysis

University of Maryland, Baltimore
Keith D. Harries
This award is using orthophotography, a digital geography technology, to
enable police officers and community residents to photographically
visualize crime and other relevant social and environmental data.

Detection and Classification of Concealed Weapons Using Magnetic

Gradient Measurements
U.S. Department of Energy, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory
Jonathan Nadler
This project is using magnetic gradient measurement techniques in the
design and fabrication of a prototype passive sensor system for detecting
and classifying concealed weapons carried by individuals.

*Development of a Baton with a Projectable Restraining Net

LRF, Inc.
Guy Javarone
This award is developing a law enforcement baton with a projectable
restraining net to enable law enforcement officers to better control
suspects without using lethal force.

*Development of a Personal Alarm and Location Monitoring System for

Corrections Officers
Telephonics Corporation
Dennis Fortner
This award involves design and development of a personal alarm and
location system, based on radio frequency identification technology, that
will protect corrections officers in all areas of a prison complex and will
not require rewiring of an existing prison.

*Development of Advanced Wireless Technology Standards

Association of Public Safety Communications Officials International, Inc.
Craig M. Jorgensen
This award is part of a multiphase effort to develop a series of technical,
land mobile, narrow-band voice and data standards that will enhance the
ability of public safety officers to access information and communicate
with one another.

Development of Certification Examinations for Practicing Firearms and

Toolmark Examiners
Association of Firearm and Toolmark Examiners
Kenneth F. Kowalski
This award is developing written certification exams for practicing firearm
and toolmark examiners to rectify some of the criticisms that have arisen
in the field of forensic examination.

Development of DNA Identification Techniques for Forensically

Important Insects
University of California, Berkeley
Felix A.H. Sperling
This award utilizes DNA sequence data to precisely identify the life stages
of most insects collected during forensic investigation in North America.
Such forensic entomological evidence is frequently used to estimate time
since death.

DOD-DOJ Joint Program Steering Group, Concealed Weapons Detection

U.S. Department of the Navy
Jerry A. Koenig
This project continues support for concealed weapons detection
technology initiatives undertaken by the U.S. Department of
Defense-Department of Justice Joint Program Steering Group.

DOD-DOJ Joint Program Steering Group, Counterterrorism

U.S. Department of Defense
David Fields
This award supports engineering and technical assistance to the
counterterrorism technology initiatives undertaken by the U.S. Department
of Defense-Department of Justice Joint Program Steering Group.

Domestic Violence Electronic Monitoring Project in San Diego

Science Applications International Corporation
Sid Chillcott
This project is evaluating a specially configured electronic monitor for
domestic violence offenders to determine its effectiveness in preventing
further violence, its impact on the courts and enforcement agencies, and its
utility in enforcing court-issued protection orders.

*Estimation of the Postmortem Interval from Entomological Evidence

University of Florida, Gainesville
Jon C. Allen
This award is developing improved understanding, quantification, and
projection of the time since death by using insect faunal observations
under varying temperatures.

*Evaluation of Oleoresin Capsicum

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Michael Bowling
This study is examining the effectiveness of oleoresin capsicum spray to
law enforcement by analyzing data on assaults, injuries, and complaints
alleging excessive force.

Explosives Detection and Remediation Research and Evaluation

U.S. Department of Defense, Office of Special Technology
Jeffrey David
This award is determining the explosive detection needs of law
enforcement and is selecting, demonstrating, and evaluating the
applicability of existing technologies to meet those needs.

*Face Recognition Technology for Internet Based Gang Tracking

Visionics Corporation
Notman A. Redlich
This award is developing database software to compare new images with
existing images in the database to match and identify subjects.

*Facial Recognition Technology

Analytic Services, Inc.
Helena Wisniewski
This award is advancing current investigative efforts on behalf of missing
and exploited children by automating the process of matching
photographic resources from the National Center for Missing and
Exploited Children, and exploring tools for image-progression/regression
and open source searches.

*Field Evaluation of the System for the Effective Control of Urban

Environment Security (SECURES)
University of Cincinnati
Lorainne Green Mazerolle
This project is evaluating the impact in Dallas of SECURES, which uses
technology developed for the military to detect and report the location of
gunshots in an urban environment. The research is documenting
partnership-building efforts among the Dallas Police Department, Alliant
Techsystems, Inc., and the local community.

*Handheld Remote Concealed Weapons Detector

JAYCOR Defense Sciences Group
Franklin S. Felber
This project is developing a handheld remote concealed weapons detector
that will enable law enforcement officers to detect metallic and
nonmetallic weapons concealed beneath clothing up to 20 feet away.

Hazardous Devices Training Tool

U.S. Department of the Navy
Walter H. Ott
This project is developing a computer-based training course for bomb
technicians for use by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Explosive
Unit-Bomb Data Center, to support State and local law enforcement

Health Hazard Assessment for Kinetic Energy Impact Weapons

U.S. Department of the Army
Gregory J. Argyros
This award provides support, assistance, and resources to the U.S. Army
Medical Research and Materiel Command to assess nonlethal blunt impact
munitions and delivery systems for health hazard effects.

Immigration and Naturalization Service Tire Deflator Development: Phase

3 Follow-On
Eagle Research Group, Inc.
John Rhines
This project is designing and fabricating prototype lightweight tire
deflation devices capable of being remotely activated by law enforcement
personnel to stop fleeing vehicles at security checkpoints and roadblocks.

*Investigative and Surveillance Technology: Training and Technical

Institute of Investigative Technology
John S. Ramming
Training and technical support in investigative and surveillance
technology is being provided through a series of training sessions and a
toll-free hotline that can advise callers on the use of certain types of
equipment and technologies.

Microchip DNA Fingerprinting Devices

Lockheed Martin Energy Research, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
J. Michael Ramsey
This project is developing a "laboratory-on-a-chip" technology to address
the common problems in forensic DNA analysis of high cost, lengthy
analysis times, and the potential for sample contamination.

*National Center for Arson and Explosion Research

University of Central Florida
William McGee
This award is creating a forensic laboratory to study terrorist use of arson
and explosives as tools of death and destruction.

Naval Command, Control, and Ocean Surveillance Inservice Engineering

Laboratory--East Coast Division (NISE-E)
U.S. Department of the Navy
Steve Morrison
This award supports research and development for the U.S. Navy's
Portable Power Source Project and program management for its Concealed
Weapons Detection Program.

*New Radio Location Technology for Electronic Monitoring of Offenders

in the Community
Signatron Technology Corporation
Steen A. Parl
This project is studying the feasibility of using technology based on radio
location techniques with continuous location and tracking capability as an
alternative to conventional, electronic monitoring house arrest.

*NIJ Surplus Property Program

Ultimate Enterprise Limited
Michael Simpson
This project is developing procedures for locating, selecting, storing,
repairing, and transferring select Department of Defense surplus property
to State and local law enforcement and corrections agencies.

Operation of the Center for Advanced Support in Technology for Law

Federal Bureau of Investigation
Steven McPeak
This award will support the continued operation of the Center for
Advanced Support in Technology for Law Enforcement.

*Passive Millimeter-Wave Camera for Concealed Weapons Detection

Thermotrex Corporation
John A. Lovberg
ThermoTrex Corporation is designing, developing, and evaluating a
passive millimeter-wave camera that can reveal concealed weapons under
clothing as well as reveal them on the other side of a building wall.

Rapid DNA Typing by Laser Desorption Mass Spectrometry

Lockheed Martin Energy Research, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
C.H. Winston Chenn
This award supports development of a faster, more cost-effective approach
to DNA typing using laser desorption mass spectrometry (LDMS) with
improved resolution and sensitivity.

Ring Airfoil Projectile System

Guilford Engineering Associates, Inc.
David Findlay
This project is testing the feasibility of adapting Department of Defense
inventories of Ring Air Foil Projectiles (RAP) to law enforcement's need
for less-than-lethal weapons.

Sandia National Laboratories Test Facility

Sandia National Laboratories
Debra D. Spencer
This award supports the establishment of a facility for testing both
commercial and new prototype equipment, including equipment for
detecting explosives and drugs.

*Smart Card Systems for Prison Pharmacies

Battelle Memorial Institute
Frank J. Lukz
This award is developing a pharmaceutical dispensing system that uses a
plastic credit card with an embedded microchip that stores static and
dynamic information electronically. The system has the potential to be
used as an electronic purse to record a prisoner's medical copayments,
commissary account, and parole and other information.

*Smart Gun Development and Prototype

Colt's Manufacturing Company, Inc.
Douglas G. Overbury
This award supports redesign of the Smart Gun Evaluation Prototype 1 to
incorporate a smaller transponder, an integrated power supply and RF
module in the grip, a laser aiming device, an improved blocking device,
and a small onboard diagnostic display.

*Southwest Border States Antidrug Information System

Criminal Information Sharing Alliance
Glen Gillum
The Southwest Border States Antidrug Information System is being
extended to critical law enforcement agencies in Arizona, California, New
Mexico, and Texas; technical recommendations for the telecommunication
infrastructure that supports the System are being produced; and a wide
area network architecture is being developed to support the Texas
Criminal Law Enforcement Reporting and Information System.

Testing Reliability of Animal Models in Forensic Entomology: Phase 2

University of Indianapolis
Neal H. Haskell
This project is assessing the adequacy of pig carcasses as surrogate human
corpses to advance entomological indicators in death investigations and
provide unequivocal information concerning the type and number of
sampling methods investigators should employ at death scenes.

Training Technology Development and Implementation

U.S. Department of Defense, Naval Air Warfare Center
Janet Weisenford
This award is creating joint strategies for the development of training and
simulation technologies.

*Two-Dimensional Concrete Penetrating Imaging Radar

Hughes Missile Systems Company
Larry M. Frazier
This project is testing and evaluating two-dimensional, concrete
penetrating imaging radar, which can reveal objects on the other side of
high-density walls or structures. The imaging radar is being tested and
evaluated under typical law enforcement field conditions.

Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Centers

NIJ's National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center and

its regional centers offer centralized sources of product and technology
information, assessment, and referral services to law enforcement,
corrections, and other criminal justice professionals. NIJ also supports a
Border Research and Technology Center that focuses on developing and
enhancing border control.

*National Headquarters--Rockville, Maryland: National Law Enforcement

and Corrections Technology Center
Aspen Systems Corporation
Marc H. Caplan
Northeastern Region--Rome, New York: National Law Enforcement and
Corrections Technology Center
U.S. Air Force, Rome Laboratory (AFMC)
John A. Ritz

*Rocky Mountain Region--Denver, Colorado: National Law Enforcement

and Corrections Technology Center
University of Denver, Colorado Seminary
Jim Keller

*San Diego, California: Border Research and Technology Center

Aerospace Corporation
Robert M. Pentz

*Southeast Region--Charleston, South Carolina: National Law

Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center
South Carolina Research Authority
Gary A. Mastrandrea

U.S. Department of the Navy, Naval Electronic Systems Engineering

Ronald L. Polkowsky
This award supports operation of a test bed for the technical evaluation of
equipment, systems, and subsystems; application of Naval security
technologies to law enforcement; and communication between national
security and civilian law enforcement and corrections organizations.

Less-than-Lethal Technology

*Less-Than-Lethal Technology Policy Assessment Panel

E.A. Burkhalter
A policy and technology assessment panel is identifying promising law
enforcement and corrections technologies from the defense, intelligence,
and private sector arenas in the short- and long-terms, as well as best
approaches in introducing them to the criminal justice community.

*Pepper Spray Projectile Disperser

Delta Defense, Inc.
Roy Kelly
This award supports design and testing of an improved projectile capable
of dispersing oleoresin capsicum (pepper spray) for use in hostage,
barricade, and tactical assault situations.

Information Dissemination and Technical Support

Annual Review of Justice Research

Castine Research Corporation
Michael Tonry
This award supports development of the series Crime and Justice: Annual
Review of Justice Research, which focuses on the most significant and
policy-relevant information from criminal justice research and evaluation
for use by criminal justice policymakers, professionals, and researchers.

Community Justice Conferences

University of Maryland, College Park
Lawrence W. Sherman
Through this award a partnership is being created between the University
of Maryland, the Baltimore Police Department, and the Australian
National University, which since 1992 has been helping police agencies
develop community justice conferences as an alternative to juvenile court.

Crime and Social Organization Conference

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Elin Waring
This award supports the development of papers on the social organization
of crime, the social organization of the context of crime, and the social
organization of the organized response to crime for presentation at a
conference and publication in the Advances in Criminological Theory

Development and Production of Annual Reports and Other Material

Cygnus Corporation
Todd Phillips
Support is provided for the development of annual reports and other
materials that report on NIJ grant and contract activities and that
communicate new research findings, evaluation results, or program
activities that benefit State and local criminal justice systems.

Dissemination and Communication Activities of the National Consortium

for Violence Research
National Science Foundation
Harmon M. Hosch
This award supports vigorous two-way exchange of ideas, feedback, and
advice between researchers and practitioners regarding approaches being
pursued to prevent or reduce violence.
*Gordon Research Conference on Illicit Substance Detection
Gordon Research Conferences
Jimmie C. Oxley
This award brings together at a national conference scientists and
policymakers for a two-way conversation concerning what's new in
science as well as what factors constrain decisions on R&D funding and
on employment of advanced technical means of detection.

*Idaho Criminal Justice Statistics: Support for Analysis and Information

Idaho Department of Law Enforcement
Robert C. Uhlenkott
Through the Bureau of Justice Statistics' State Justice Statistics Program,
the Idaho Statistical Analysis Center is collecting, analyzing, and sharing
vital justice system information among the States and with the Federal

National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS)

Aspen Systems Corporation
Richard Rosenthal
This clearinghouse serves as a central repository for criminal justice
research literature, provides an infrastructure to support both shared and
individual program needs of all Office of Justice Programs' components,
and provides management and other support for the Violence Against
Women Conference.

Partnership Against Violence Network (PAVNET)

U.S. Department of Agriculture
John Gladstone
The primary objective of this project is to establish an Internet-based
information management platform through which Federal agencies can
provide access to information about programs, reports, technical
assistance, and other materials related to issues of violence and youth at

Professional Conference Series

Institute for Law and Justice, Inc.
Edward F. Connors
This award supports conferences, workshops, planning and development
meetings, and field program support that focuses on criminal justice

Research and Dissemination Activities and Events

Institute for Law and Justice, Inc.
Edward F. Connors
Under this cooperative agreement, NIJ and the Institute for Law and
Justice are producing seven research and dissemination events.

Research Applications Contract

Abt Associates Inc.
Joan Mullen
Under this project, critical research findings and important advances in
practice are disseminated to the appropriate policy and professional
audience(s) to improve crime-control polices and practices.

Support for the Report on Trends in Child Well-Being

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics
Antonio Clinkscales
To comply with Executive Order 13045, which requires Federal agencies
and statistical departments to produce data concerning children's
well-being, NIJ reimburses the Bureau of Labor Statistics for 2,000 copies
of the publication Child Trend.

Technical Assistance and Support

CSR, Inc.
Edward J. Spurlock
Support and assistance is provided to NIJ in criminological and criminal
justice research and development, dissemination, evaluation, and training


The National Institute of Justice is a component of the Office of Justice

Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Bureau of
Justice Statistics, Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention, and
the Office for Victims of Crime.


NCJ 167576