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During the period that the Federal Reserve Act was passed, so too was the 16th and

17th Amendment to the Constitution. Of course, many people tend to realize that
the 16th Amendment (Progressive Income Tax) and the Federal Reserve Act have not
been in the best interest of the People, but few realize that the 17th Amendment
has caused major damage to this former Constitutional Republic.

Section 3 of the Constitution states:

"The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each
state, chosen by the legislature thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall
have one vote."

"Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first election,

they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats of the
Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year,
of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year, and the third class at
the expiration of the sixth year, so that one third may be chosen every second
year; and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, during the recess of
the legislature of any state, the executive thereof may make temporary
appointments until the next meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill such

Now, there was a very good reason why the Founding Fathers placed the Senators
outside the direct electoral process and placed them within a framework of
indirect elections. By doing this, the Founders knew that they were placing yet
another level of checks and balances over the government. They sought to keep the
balance of power between the State Republics and the federal branches of the
Executive, Legislature and Judicial. In fact, they wanted to be sure that the
Rights and Interests of the State Republics were maintained while keeping a very
close eye on the federal branches. They also wanted the Senate to be comprised of
men who were mature, possessing a higher degree of experience and wisdom then
those directly elected to the House of Representatives.

The Senate was to be insolated from influences of direct politics, financial

corruption and whims of the public. Senators were to answer indirectly to the
People through their respective State Legislatures. It really was a stroke of
absolute genius; too bad the same corrupt officials that brought us the Federal
Reserve Act and Progressive Income Tax eliminated this extremely valuable check on
power and abuse.

In 1787, John Dickerson, delegate to the Constitutional Convention from the State
of Delaware spoke about the power of this vital check on governmental power: " The
preservation of the States in a certain degree of agency is indispensable, it will
produce the collision between the different authorities that should be wished for
in order to check each other."

The Senate, appointed by the respective State Legislatures, also provided a very
strong barrier to potential mistakes made by the Citizens of each State Republic.
James Madison in the Federalist #63, said that indirect elections would be a
"defense to the people against their own temporary errors and delusions and would
blend stability with Liberty."

The Power and Rights of the State Republics, through the direction and guidance of
each State Legislature, would be the only influence on their respective Senators.
The Senate would dutifully represent the best interest of the State Republics and
therefore, the Citizens of each State. It was, to say the least, an ideal program
to maintain the balance of power and curtail potential usurpations of the federal
government over the States and their People.
Of course, the 17th Amendment was touted as a measure to eliminate undue
influences on the Senate from special interests yet it had the opposite effect.

With the passage of the 16th, 17th Amendments and the Federal Reserve Act, the
government increased its reach and power over the People. There are some who
question the validity of the actual ratification of the above-mentioned
Amendments, but time and space restrict us from that subject at this time.

At one time, the power of taxation was only on the State Level, with revenues
being submitted to the federal government to fund the various limited functions of
government, but in 1913 all of that changed, in fact it was all reversed. Each of
these pieces of legislations, more than any other, allowed the growth of the
federal government beyond the restrictions and limitations of the Constitution.

Now, although the State Republics have been neutered by the overwhelming reach and
power of the federal authority, they stand as potentially the only viable medium
for the People of this Country to regain control over their government. Within the
Halls of the State Legislatures abides the some of the last remaining remnants of
Constitutional Power, sitting dormant and un-utilized by those who have either
forgotten their power or who have played their respective political party plays
far too long.

If We, the People of these United States of America are ever to regain Our
Sovereignty, I have a feeling that it will only come when we retake the Halls of
Power within the individual State Houses and Governorships. It is not enough to
simply support certain run-of-the-mill Republican or Democratic candidates; we
must field candidates who are dedicated to the ideals of Constitutionalism and the
goal of restoring the Republic to the People.

Most people, especially our politicians have forgotten, or chose to ignore the
fact that it is absolutely indispensable to the well-being of a Free People that
each person enjoy the full benefits of Liberty, not as would be granted or allowed
by government, but that Liberty which is Guaranteed by Providential Right alone!
All demands upon us for any part of our Liberty or even our substance, which is
not given by our own consent amounts to nothing more than governmental allowance
of a measure of contingent freedom.

Freedom which is contingent upon the allowances of the government is no Freedom at

all, indeed it amounts to little more than coercive tyranny and should not be
allowed to stand. The People of this Nation are neither the property nor the wards
of this government; the government is the ward and possession of the People. The
correct role of this government should be viewed and maintained as nothing more
than a tool, created and used to promote and secure the ability of the People to
live their lives in Liberty and Freedom. The primary function and really the only
reason for the existence of this government is proclaimed within the philosophy of
the Declaration of Independence and explained within the Constitution of the
United States.

Any man who values his Freedom, indeed his Life, must demand of the government the
full acceptance of his Natural Right, unfettered by governmental intervention or
coercion. Without such a demand by the People, government will always gravitate
toward an arbitrary will and application of law to the point that neither the law
nor the Constitution will remain without being stripped of all vestiges of
Liberty. Within the writings of Our Founding Fathers are solutions; embedded
within the Founding Documents are principles which provide both wisdom and
guidance for the proper role of government, to be used as a tool, an instrument
that forms the foundation of Our ability to live Free.
Our ability to live Free is not, nor was it ever intended to relieve the
responsibility of each man to determine his own direction in life or the outcome
of his life. Our primary Freedom is the Freedom from government intervention and
interference. Under the Founding philosophy, the political Sovereignty exists only
in and through the People themselves, not in a governmental body. Until that
Sovereignty is restored to the People, we will continue to live under a state of
existence no different than any other person living under any other state. We will
suffer the same fate as all others, differing little from any other person who
must play second fiddle to their state ideology and the force of coercion.
Currently, this Nation has regressed into a pre-revolutionary state, one where the
government is seen as the end all be all, and end all, the final authority to
grant or abridge any Right to its Citizens.

In this country, we are experiencing such a shocking change in the manner in which
the government sees itself and its positional authority over the People and it
appears that it is not an accidental sway of tyranny that grips this land, but an
intentional push toward authoritarianism. Government was only instituted to secure
the Natural Liberty of the Individual, that qualification for its existence has
not changed nor diminished, yet when such a responsibility has been abandoned by
government, then it is the Right of the People to seek other arrangements which
will ensure the security of their Liberty.

This government has forsaken "Just Power" in favor of "Raw Power". It has lost it
sense that the Unalienable Rights of the People are inviolate and that the
Protection of those Rights is the primary obligation the government has to the
People. No individual, no political party, no class of people, no authority, and
no government have the right to deprive the People of Liberty. For government is
the trustee of the Common Liberty of the People as long as it remains trustworthy
of that post! When a government no longer is willing or able to be entrusted with
safeguarding the Liberty of the People then it should no longer be considered as a
legitimate authority and ultimately it must be treated as an Enemy of the People.

This government does not have the lawful right to issue any law, arbitrarily, that
it pleases, in order to bind us and nullify Our Natural Liberty. Consent is not
the same as Representation, for all Representation must come from the directive of
the People. Although at one point in our history, the directive of the People was
the power and the authority of the vote, it is no longer the case. Now, it appears
that those who hold office do so at the will of special interests, corporations,
even secret and foreign influences.

We have become nothing more than subjects to the government, and our lives are now
regulated and controlled by its will, coerced to comply by penalty of law and
governmental decree. It should be beyond all measure of patience that the
government should assume such power over us, to impose its will and domination; it
is, without doubt, time to end such domination.

If government can assume power over our lives, our properties, indeed over our
labor and the fruit of our labor, then it can assume authority for any purpose
that it designs, without our consent. "For if government can take away even one
penny from us against our wills, then they can indeed take away everything!"

"I would rather be exposed to the inconveniences attending too much liberty than
to those attending too small a degree of it." --Thomas Jefferson

In Liberty,