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ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENT

ADVANCED SCAFFOLDING

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Advanced Scaffolding
ASSESSMENT

Part 1 Part 2 Part 3

Practical Assignment Knowledge

April 1994

National Occupational Health and Safety Certification Standard for Users and Operators of Industrial Equipment

ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENT FOR THE ADVANCED SCAFFOLDING CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY

PART ONE

PRACTICAL SKILLS PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT


(Tasks and Model Results)

Advanced ScaffoldingPractical Skills


CONTENTS Page ASSESSOR GUIDELINESSPECIFIC Introductory notes Conditions Notes on individual sections

2 3 4

ASSESSMENT FORM

ATTACHMENTS Attachment A: Attachment B: Attachment C: Attachment D:

Suggested scaffold design (with floor penetration) Suggested scaffold design (with supporting beams) Extracts from AS 2626 FSWR fixing method

7 8 9 11

RELATIONSHIP TO THE NATIONAL CERTIFICATION STANDARD

12

Assessor guidelinesspecific
Introductory notesPractical
1 The Advanced Scaffolding Certificate encompasses the requirements for the Basic and Intermediate Scaffolding Certificates. It is preferable that an applicant for the Advanced Scaffolding Certificate already holds a Basic and Intermediate Scaffolding Certificate or has previously passed a practical skills assessment for the Basic and Intermediate Scaffolding Certificates. Otherwise the assessment for an applicant for the Advanced Certificate must incorporate the requirements of the Basic, Intermediate and Advanced Certificate assessment. The practical skills performance assessment is one of three assessments which applicants must pass to qualify for a Advanced Scaffolding Certificate of Competency. The other components are a knowledge assessment and a written assignment. The practical skills performance assessment for Advanced Scaffolding is a `closed book' practical exercise covering five sections. In practical skills performance assessment the certificate assessor evaluates the applicant's applied knowledge and understanding and the applicant's familiarity with scaffolding equipment and recommended work procedures. On completion of the assessment the assessor will determine whether the applicant can safely undertake, without direct supervision, the tasks encompassed within each of the four units of competence comprising Advanced Scaffolding prescribed by Schedule A of the National Occupational Health and Safety Certification Standard for Users and Operators of Industrial Equipment (NOHSC: 1006, 1992). 6 5 4 The relationship between the five sections of the performance assessment and the Standard's prescribed performance criteria and range statements is set out on page 13. A full assessment should be completed within two hours. To pass the assessment, the applicant must complete satisfactorily each of the following sections: Section 1: Section 2: Section 3: Section 4: Section 5: Use of safety harness Hung scaffold construction Hung scaffolding work practices Fixing flexible steel wire rope Inspection of chains

An applicant who holds a Dogging or Rigging Certificate, or who has previously passed a practical skills performance assessment for Dogging, does not require assessment in Section 5. An applicant who holds a Rigging Certificate, or who has previously passed a practical skills performance assessment for Basic Rigging, does not require assessment in Sections 1 and 4. An applicant who produces a satisfactory record of training (such as a log book) which establishes at least 25 working days of experience in the erection and dismantling of tube-and-coupler hung scaffolds does not require assessment in Sections 2 and 3. An applicant undergoing re-assessment need only be re-assessed in those sections in which he or she previously failed. Any other partial or full waiver of assessment should only be permitted in compliance with guidelines, determinations or advice given to certificate assessors by the certifying authority.

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Conditions
9 Location The practical skills assessment can be conducted at any location which has: adequate temporary or permanent overhead supporting structure for the scaffold; and sufficient clear space for the scaffold to be erected and dismantled.

Accessories (complying with AS 1576.2) Design A Design B Base plates Toeboard clips x6 x8 x Nil x8

10 Minimum scaffolding equipment The following should be used as a guide by the assessor. The actual quantities and dimensions may vary depending upon available stock and the nature and configuration of the available overhead supporting structure. Tubes (of uniform material complying with AS 1576.3, Suppl 1) Design A Design B 0.3 m x6 x Nil 0.6 m x6 x6 1.5 m x8 x 11 1.8 m x6 x Nil 2.1 m x2 x2 2.4 m x2 x2 3.6 m x8 x 10 3.9 m x6 x6 Random planks (225 mm wide and uniform thickness complying with AS 1577) Design A Design B 1.2 m 3.6 m x2 x7 x2 x7

Miscellaneous A 2.0 m length of 11 mm, 12 mm or 13 mm diameter 6 x 24 FSWR and a length of marlin or mousing wire for each applicant A bow shackle large enough to take a scaffold tube A wedge-type socket of suitable dimensions and wire rope grip, or a thimble and double base clamps A length of Grade (T) lifting chain in serviceable condition At least two lengths of unserviceable or nonlifting chain 11 Tools for the applicant Each applicant must provide (or be provided with) the following tools: scaffold key torpedo spirit level retractable tape measure or folding rule scaffold belt with frogs and holders for the above chalk.

12 Personal protective equipment for the applicant Each applicant must provide (or be provided with) the following PPE: safety helmet complying with AS 1801 sturdy, non-slip footwear that covers the whole foot close-fitting clothing.

Couplers (with compatible characteristics complying with AS 1576.2) Design A Design B Right angle x 70 x 56 couplers Swivel x8 x8 couplers x8 x8 Putlog couplers

A safety harness complying with AS 1891 and a self-locking anchorage complying with BS 5062 must be provided for the applicant's use when he/she is working from the unplanked framework of the scaffold.

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13 Scaffold design A suggested scaffold design is given in Attachment A. This design is suitable where the scaffold can be built through a floor penetration or similar. An alternative scaffold design is given in Attachment B. This design is suitable where the scaffold can be hung from universal beams, rolled steel joists, or similiar. The assessor can vary the design to suit local circumstances but the constructed scaffold must incorporate the following features: a length of at least two bays; all standards are hung scaffold tubes; a platform height at least 2 m below the overhead supporting structure; fall arrest anchorage points of at least 1500 kg capacity; and random planks and putlogs.

15 Safety of personnel Where an applicant is working dangerously, recklessly or without the necessary coordination and balance, the assessor must direct the applicant to cease work and terminate those parts of the assessment forthwith.

Notes on individual sections


16 Use of safety harness (Section 1) Note: This section does not apply to applicants with a Rigging Certificate of Competence. Prior to descending the hung standards, the applicant must ensure that: (1) The safety harness has been correctly inspected in accordance with Appendix A of AS 2626 (see Attachment C); (2) The self-locking anchorage has been correctly inspected in accordance with Appendix B of AS 2626 (see Attachment C); (3) The safety harness has been correctly fitted, adjusted and connected; and (4) The fall arrest system is correctly located and fixed to an anchorage point with a capacity of at least 1500 kg. 17 Hung scaffold construction (Section 2) Note: This section does not apply to applicants with accepted documentary evidence of adequate experience. (1) A butt tube is fixed with a right angle coupler at the lower end of each standard prior to the lowering of the standards; (2) Right angle couplers and check couplers are correctly aligned and fixed to both ends of each standard for the overhead fixing and the bottom ledger prior to the lowering of the standards; (3)

Each applicant is to be provided with a copy of the design drawing which must be returned to the assessor at the conclusion of the assessment. 14 Conduct of assessment Wherever possible, applicants should be assessed in groups of two or three. Where less than three applicants are to be assessed, the assessor should arrange for assistance (or the assessor may assist). Where two or more applicants are assessed simultaneously, the assessor must ensure that the various tasks are evenly shared so that a full assessment of each applicant can be made. This may involve some repetition of tasks. The performance of each applicant is to be recorded on the assessor's check list, a copy of which is included in this document. An applicant passes a practical skills performance assessment when each of the four sections have been successfully completed or are not applicable, as appropriate.

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(3) The standards are correctly fixed to the overhead support; (4) The scaffold is constructed in compliance with the design drawing. 18 Hung scaffolding work practices (Section 3) Note: This Section does not apply to applicants with accepted documentary evidence of adequate experience. During the course of erecting and dismantling the scaffold, the applicant must demonstrate: (1) An ability to descend and ascend the hung standards in a controlled and confident manner; and (2) An ability confidently scaffold. to work safely and from the unplanked

19 Fixing flexible steel wire rope (Section 4) Note: This section does not apply to applicants with a Rigging Certificate of Competency. As a separate exercise, the applicant must demonstrate the method of fixing a ledger to a length of flexible steel wire rope using a moused bow shackle and either a wedge-type socket or double base clamps. (See Attachment D.) 20 Inspection of chain (Section 5) Note: This section does not apply to applicants with a Dogging or Rigging Certificate of Competency. As a separate exercise, the applicant must identify unserviceable items of chain which could not be used to support a hung scaffold.

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Assessment form:

Advanced Scaffolding
Applicant's name ...........................................................

Performance items
Use of safety harness Applicant correctly: inspected harness inspected anchorage self-locking 3

Hung scaffolding work practices Applicant: descends and ascends in a confident and controlled maner works safely and confidently from the unplanked scaffold

fitted, adjusted and connected harness anchored system fall arrest 4 5

Fixing flexible steel wire rope Inspection of chain

Hung scaffold construction Applicant ensured: butt tubes fixed to standards right angle couplers and check couplers aligned and fixed standards fixed scaffold complies with drawing

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ATTACHMENT A Suggested scaffold design (with floor penetration)

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ATTACHMENT B Suggested scaffold design (with supporting beams)

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ATTACHMENT C Extracts from AS 2626

INSPECTION OF BELTS AND HARNESSESCHECKLIST


This Appendix lists items of safety belts and harnesses to be inspected and those conditions/faults to be checked

Component
Webbing

Condition/fault to be checked
Cuts or tears Abrasion damage especially where there is contact with hardware Excessive stretching Dmaage due to contact with heat, corrosives, or solvents Deterioration due to rotting, mildew, or ultraviolet exposure Distortion of hook or latch Cracks or forging folds Wear at swivels and latch pivot pin Open rollers Free movement of the latch over its full travel Broken, weak or misplaced latch springs (compare if possible with a new snap hook) Free from dirt or other obstruction, eg. Rust Excessive vertical movement of the straight portion of the D-ring at its attachment point on to the belt, so that the corners between the straight and curved sections of the D become completely exposed NOTE: Excessive vertical movement of the D-ring in its mounting can allow the nose of larger snap hooks to become lodged behind the straight portion of the D, in which position athe snap hook can often accidentally roll out of the D under load. Cracks, especially at the intersection of the straight and curved portions Distortion or other physical damage of the D-ring Excessive loss of cross-section due to wear Distortion or other physical damage Cracks and forging laps where applicable Bent tongues Open rollers Broken, cut or worn threads Damage or weakening of threads due to contact with heat, corrosives, solvents or mildew Cuts Abrasion or fraying Stretching Damage due to contact with heat, corrosives, solvents, etc Deterioration due to ultraviolet light or mildew NOTE: See also Appendix C. Physical damage Security of attachments to snap hooks, rings, and similar components

Snap hooks

D-rings

Buckles and adjusters

Sewing

Ropes

Chains

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ATTACHMENT C (cont.) Extracts from AS 2626

INSPECTION OF SELF-LOCKING ANCHORAGESCHECKLIST


This Appendix lists items of self-locking anchorages to be inspected and particular conditions/faults to be checked.

Component Rope (Fully extend rewind drum anchorage)

Anchorage body

Locking mechanism and rope guides

Hardware

Condition/fault to be checked Cuts Abrasion or fraying Stretching Damage due to contact with heat,corrosives, or solvents Excessive dirt or grease impregnation NOTE: See also Appendix C. With rewind anchorages give a firm pull with the rope fully extended To check that the rope end is securely anchored to the drum (a) Mounting ring: Physical damage or wear, especially at any pivot points Cracks, especially in corners Mounting security (b) Anchorage body proper: Physical damage such as significant dents, distortion, or corrosion As far as possible but, without dismantling, check for the entry of foreign bodies such as small stones Loose or missing screws, nuts or similar objects (external check only) Position of the clutch compression indicator button (fitted only to rewind drums with steel rope) Check externally visible rope guides for excessive wear or ridging Check that the rope-locking mechanism locks and holds securely when the rope is given a sharp tug Ensure that the rope runs freely through the anchorage with no tendency to stick or bind, and that on rewind drum anchorages the rope rewinds completely without loss of tension Examine the condition and locking action of any associated snap hooks or links

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ATTACHMENT D FSWR fixing method

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RELATIONSHIP TO THE NATIONAL CERTIFICATION STANDARD

THE UNITS OF COMPETENCE


The tasks set for practical skills performance assessment are intended to assess the applied knowledge and understanding and the familiarity with scaffolding equipment and recommended work practices additional to those required for Intermedite Scaffolding which are necessary to carry out the four units of competence for Advanced Scaffolding prescribed by Schedule A of the National Occupational Health and Safety Certification Standard for Users and Operators of Industrial Equipment. These are as follows: 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 Plan and prepare work Erect scaffolding/equipment Inspect, repair and scaffolding/equipment Dismantle scaffolding/equipment

THE RANGE STATEMENT


The tasks making up the practical skills performance assessment are focused around the erection and dismantling of a tube-andcoupler hung scaffold. This type of scaffolding was selected because it is regarded as representing the most hazardous in the work tasks involving the highest level of practical skills which the scaffolder may be required to undertake during the erection and dismantling of the equipment types listed in the National Standard's range statement for Advanced Scaffolding. The model results apply the requirements of the National Standard for Plant and the design requirements of its referenced Standard AS 1576, Scaffolding, to the obligations under State/Territory occupational health and safety legislation of a person who erects, alters or dismantles scaffolding within the scope of the Advanced Scaffolding Certificate of Competency.

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Each unit of competence is subdivided into elements of competence, for which performance criteria are prescribed.

THE PERFORMANCE CRITERIA


The tasks involved in undergoing the practical skills performance assessment reflect the National Standard's following performance criteria: 1.1.3, 1.1.4, 1.1.7, 1.1.12, 1.1.17, 1.2.4, 2.1.4, 2.2.1, 2.2.2, 2.2.3, 2.2.6, 2.2.7, 4.2.1 and 4.2.2. Relevant performance criteria which are not reflected in the Advanced Scaffolding Assessment have been covered in the Basic Scaffolding and Intermediate Scaffolding Assessments and do not require additional assessment.

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National Occupational Health and Safety Certification Standard for Users and Operators of Industrial Equipment

ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENT FOR THE ADVANCED SCAFFOLDING CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY

PART TWO WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT


(Questions and Answers)

Advanced ScaffoldingWritten Assignment


CONTENTS
Page ASSESSOR GUIDELINESSPECIFIC Introductory notes

15

INSTRUCTIONS TO APPLICANTS

16

DIRECTIONS: TASKS 1 TO 3

17

ANSWER SHEET

18

MODEL ANSWERS Task One: Calculating rope tension Task Two: Minimum breaking load Task Three: Calculating stability

19 19 19

RELATIONSHIP TO THE NATIONAL CERTIFICATION STANDARD

21

Assessor guidelinesspecific
Introductory notesAssignment
1 The Advanced Scaffolding Certificate encompasses the requirements for the Basic and Intermediate Scaffolding Certificates. It is preferable that an applicant for the Advanced Scaffolding Certificate already holds a Basic and Intermediate Scaffolding Certificate. Otherwise the assessment for an applicant for the Advanced Certificate must incorporate the requirements of the Basic, Intermediate and Advanced Certificate assessment. The written assignment for Advanced Scaffolding is one of three assessments which applicants must pass to qualify for a Basic Scaffolding Certificate of Competency. The other components are a knowledge assessment and a performance assessment. The written assignment for Advanced Scaffolding is a `closed book' examination consisting of a three tasks. In the written assignment the certificate assessor evaluates the applicant's conceptual understanding of scaffold construction, his/her ability to apply simple mathematics and physics and ability to interpret technical specifications. On completion of the assessment the assessor will determine whether the applicant can safely undertake, without direct supervision, the tasks encompassed within each of the four units of competence comprising Advanced Scaffolding prescribed by Schedule A of the National Occupational Health and Safety Certification Standard for Users and Operators of Industrial Equipment (NOHSC: 1006, 1992). 4 The relationship between the three tasks of the assignment and the Standard's prescribed performance criteria and range statements is set out on page 21. A full assignment includes five minutes reading time and up to 25 minutes to complete. 5 To pass the assignment, the applicant must provide acceptable solutions for each task. This assessment instrument includes three alternative specifications for each of three items of equipment included in the information provided to the applicant. The certificate assessor must randomly select a specification for each of the three items of information given to each applicant. An applicant who holds an Advanced Rigging Certificate, or who has previously passed a written assignment for Advanced Rigging is not required to undertake the written assignment for Advanced Scaffolding. An applicant undergoing re-assessment must be re-assessed on all three tasks. Any other partial or full waiver of assessment should only be permitted in compliance with guidelines, determinations or advice given to the certificate assessor by the certifying authority.

10 The model answers to the tasks and the method of determining satisfactory completion of each section are provided on page 19.

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INSTRUCTIONS TO APPLICANTS
1 Equipment To complete this assignment you will need pens or pencils. You MAY use an eraser and a calculator. BOOKS AND PREPARED NOTES ARE NOT TO BE USED. 2 Reading time You have five minutes to read the assignment and the attached material before you start writing. During this five minutes you may ask the assessor questions about the assignment information and tasks. 3 The assignment The assignment contains: one set of directions three tasks for you to do

WRITE YOUR NAME AT THE TOP OF EACH PAGE. 4 Time allowed You have 25 minutes to complete all three tasks.

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Directions: Tasks 1 to 3
INTRODUCTION
c You are required to erect a suspended scaffold with a rope length of 50 m supported from a counterweighted cantilevered suspension rig. Your assessor will have indicated to you which alternatives are to be used for your task calculations. 1 Type of cradle: a Individual cradle supported from two needles with one suspension rope and one scaffolding hoist per needle. The cradle has a dead load of 100 kg and a working load limit of 250 kg; OR Work cage supported from one needle with one suspension rope and one scaffolding hoist. The work cage has a dead load of 75 kg and a working load limit of 200 kg; OR Boatswain's chair supported from one needle with one suspension rope and one scaffolding hoist. The seat has a dead load of 15 kg and a working load limit of 150 kg. b 3 Manually operated hoist with a dead load of 35 kg and a rated SWL hoisting of 350 kg using a suspension rope with a dead load of 26 kg per 100 m.

Description of needle: a Outboard of 1.0 m and an inboard of 5.5 m; OR Outboard of 0.75 m and an inboard of 4.0 m; OR Outboard of 0.5 m and an inboard of 3.0 m.

Task 1:

Calculate the maximum rope tension.

Task 2:

Calculate the suspension rope's minimum guaranteed breaking load.

Task 3:

The counterweights each weigh 25 kg. Calculate the number of counterweights required at the inboard end of the needle.

Type of scaffolding hoist: a Electrically powered hoist with a rated SWL hoisting of 750 kg using a suspension rope with a dead load of 36 kg per 100 m and a load limiting device set at the maximum allowable overload; OR Electrically powered hoist with a rated SWL hoisting of 500 kg using a suspension rope with a dead load of 31 kg per 100 m and a load limiting device set at the maximum allowable overload; OR

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Advanced ScaffoldingWritten Assignment


Applicant's name ............................................

ANSWER SHEET

Task 1:

Task 2:

Task 3:

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Model answers
Explanatory notes for Certificate assessors TASK ONE: CALCULATING ROPE TENSION Task answer and commentary
Note: The following answers are based on the requirements given in Clauses 4.5 and 4.7 of AS 1576.4. For Hoist a: 955.5 kg [(750 kg x 1.25) + (36 kg/2)] For Hoist b: 640.5 kg [(500 kg x 1.25) + (31 kg/2)] For Hoist c: as follows: With Cradle a: 348 kg [(26 kg/2) + 35 kg + (100 kg/2) + 250 kg] With Cradle b: 323 kg [(26 kg/2) + 35 kg + 75 kg + 200 kg] With Cradle c: 213 kg [(26 kg/2) + 35 kg + 15 kg + 150 kg] For Hoist c: 2,450 kg [350 kg x 7]

TASK THREE: CALCULATING STABILITY Task answer and commentary


Note: The following answers are based on Clause 4.8.2 of AS 1576.4. and are calculated using the formula: No. of counterweights = 3 x Rope tension (in kg) x Outboard (in mm) Inboard (in mm) x mass of counterweight (in kg)

ANSWERS Needle a with:

Cradle a a a b b b c c c

Hoist a b c a b c a b c

Answer 21 14 8 21 14 8 21 14 5

Needle b with:

TASK TWO: CALCULATING MINIMUM BREAKING LOAD Task answer and commentary
Note: The following answers are based on Clause 5.4.2 (b) of AS 1418.2. For Hoist a: 7,500 kg [750 kg x 10] For Hoist b: 5,000 kg [500 kg x 10]

a a a b b b c c c

a b c a b c a b c

22 15 8 22 15 8 22 15 5

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Needle c with:

a a a b b b c c c

a b c a b c a b c

20 13 7 20 13 7 20 13 5

END OF MODEL ANSWERS

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Advanced ScaffoldingWritten Assignment


RELATIONSHIP TO THE NATIONAL CERTIFICATION STANDARD

THE UNITS OF COMPETENCE


The three tasks which comprise the written assignment are intended to assess the conceptual understanding, numeracy and ability to interpret technical data additional to that required for Basic and Intermediate Scaffolding which are required to carry out the four units of competence for Advanced Scaffolding prescribed by Schedule A of the National Occupational Health and Safety Certification Standard for Users and Operators of Industrial Equipment. These are as follows: 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 Plan and prepare work Erect scaffolding/equipment Inspect, repair and scaffolding/equipment Dismantle scaffolding/equipment

THE RANGE STATEMENT


The tasks making up the written assignment are related to suspended scaffolding. This type of scaffolding was selected because it is regarded as representing the most complex of the equipment types listed in the National Standard's range statement for Advanced Scaffolding. The model answers apply the requirements of the National Standard for Plant and the design requirements of its referenced Standard AS 1576, Scaffolding, to the obligations under State/Territory occupational health and safety legislation of a person who erects, alters or dismantles scaffolding within the scope of the Advanced Scaffolding certificate of competency. The model solutions are derived from information given in AS/NZS XXXX, Guidelines for Scaffolding, which the Worksafe Australia Scaffolding and Rigging Expert Working Group have endorsed as a suitable test for determination of applicants' solutions to assignment tasks for Advanced Scaffolding.

alter

Each unit of competence is subdivided into elements of competence, for which performance criteria are prescribed. THE PERFORMANCE CRITERIA The tasks of the written assignment reflect the National Standard's following performance criteria: 1.1.7, 1.1.8, 1.1.17, 2.2.4, 3.2.1, 3.2.2, 3.2.3, 4.1.1, 4.1.3, 4.2.1 and 4.2.2. Relevant performance criteria which are not reflected in the Advanced Scaffolding assessment have been covered in the Basic Scaffolding and Intermediate Scaffolding assessments and do not require further assessment.

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National Occupational Health and Safety Certification Standard for Users and Operators of Industrial Equipment

ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENT FOR THE ADVANCED SCAFFOLDING CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY

PART THREE

KNOWLEDGE ASSESSMENT
(Questions and Answers)

Advanced ScaffoldingKnowledge Assessment


CONTENTS ASSESSOR GUIDELINESSPECIFIC Introductory notes Page

25

KNOWLEDGE QUESTIONS Section One: Hung scaffold requirements Section Two: Suspended scaffold requirements

27 27

MODEL ANSWERS Section One: Section Two:

Hung scaffold requirements Suspended scaffold requirements

29 29

LIST OF REFERENCES

30

RELATIONSHIP TO THE NATIONAL CERTIFICATION STANDARD

31

ASSESSMENT STANDARD

32

Assessor guidelinesspecific
Introductory notesKnowledge
1 The Advanced Scaffolding Certificate encompasses the requirements for the Basic and Intermediate Scaffolding Certificates. It is preferable that an applicant for the Advanced Scaffolding Certificate already holds a Basic and Intermediate Scaffolding Certificate. Otherwise the assessment for an applicant for the Advanced Certificate must incorporate the requirements of the Basic, Intermediate and Advanced Certificate assessment. The knowledge assessment for Advanced Scaffolding is one of three assessments which applicants must pass to qualify for a Advanced Scaffolding Certificate of Competency. The other components are a written assignment and a performance assessment. The knowledge assessment for Advanced Scaffolding is a `closed book' shortanswer examination divided into two sections. The questions in each section are to be randomly selected from a bank which contains a total of 31 questions. In the knowledge assessment the certificate assessor evaluates the applicant's underpinning knowledge. On completion of the assessment the assessor will determine whether the applicant can safely undertake, without direct supervision, the tasks encompassed within each of the four units of competence comprising Advanced Scaffolding prescribed by Schedule A of the National Occupational Health and Safety Certification Standard for Users and Operators of Industrial Equipment (NOHSC: 1006, 1992). 4 The relationship between the questions and the Standard's prescribed performance criteria is set out on page 13. 7 5 A full knowledge assessment consists of 10 questions and can take up to 10 minutes to complete. The time permitted for partial assessments should be approximately one minute per question. There are two ways in which the knowledge assessment can be conducted. These are: By written examination. Where this method is used, the applicant must be given the chance to be orally assessed on any questions which are not completed in writing; Where this By oral examination. method is used, the assessor will enter the applicant's answers on to the examination paper.

To pass the assessment, the applicant must correctly answer (either in writing or orally) a majority of the randomly selected questions in each of the following sections: Section 1: Section 2: Hung scaffold requirements (3 selected from 9) Suspended scaffold requirements (7 selected from 22)

An applicant who holds an Advanced Rigging Certificate, or who has previously passed a knowledge assessment for Advanced Rigging, does not require assessment in Section 2. An applicant undergoing re-assessment need only be re-assessed in those sections in which he or she previously failed to answer a majority of selected questions correctly. Any other partial or full waiver of knowledge assessment should only be permitted in compliance with guidelines, determinations or advice given to the certificate assessor by the certifying authority.

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10 The model answers to the bank of questions are on page 19. Where appropriate, model answers include acceptable alternatives given in brackets. 11 Applicants may use alternative compatible metric units from those given in the model answers. For example, where the model answer is 250 mm, an answer of 25 cm or 0.25 m is acceptable. 12Where the model answer includes a unit of measurement, an applicant's answer which is not qualified with a unit of measurement is unacceptable. For example, where the model answer is 250 mm, an answer of 250 is NOT acceptable. 13An applicant who uses an imperial unit of measurement in an answer must be given the opportunity by means of oral questioning to convert the answer correctly to an appropriate metric measurement. An inability to convert an imperial measurement correctly is regarded as a failure to answer the question.

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Advanced ScaffoldingKnowledge Questions


SECTION ONE: HUNG SCAFFOLD REQUIREMENTS Note: Select three questions at random from the following nine. To pass this section, the applicant must answer at least two of the selected questions correctly. 1 (a) Would you use open-ended hook-rods to construct a hung scaffold? 1 (b) What is the minimum diameter of flexible steel wire rope you would use to support a hung scaffold? 1 (c) Will a Grade (M) chain support a greater or a lesser load than a Grade (T) chain? 1 (d) What is the minimum working load limit for beam clamps, trolleys and shackles used to support a hung scaffold? 1 (e) What would you use to protect a flexible steel wire rope from damage when it is fixed around the sharp edges of a beam? 1 (f) When a ledger is supported in the eye of a sling, how would you stop it from sliding? 1 (g) How would you stop shackle pins from unwinding? 1 (h) What sort of coupler bolt-threads are unsuitable for fixing hung standards? 1 (I) Would you extend the length of a hung standard by fixing scaffold tubes with end-to-end couplers? SECTION TWO: SUSPENDED SCAFFOLD REQUIREMENTS Note: Select seven questions at random from the following 22. To pass this section, the applicant must answer at least four of the selected questions correctly. 2 (a) What is the minimum rated working load for a trolley used to support a suspension rope? 2 (b) Would you fix a cradle's working load limit sign to the inside or to the outside of the cradle? 2 (c) What is the minimum cradle width for a double rope suspended scaffold? 2 (d) What is the maximum cradle width for a double rope suspended scaffold? 2 (e) What is the minimum width of a swing stage cradle? 2 (f) What is the maximum width of a swing stage cradle? 2 (g) What is the minimum width of a work cage? 2 (h) What is the maximum width of a work cage? 2 (I) What is the minimum height of a stabilising sheave above the platform of a work cage? 2 (j) Would you fix the inboard end of a needle with friction anchors?

2 (k) Can bags of sand be used to counterweight a needle? 2 (l) Would you use counterweights to fix a needle which supports two suspension ropes?

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2 (m) What is the maximum rope tension allowed on a shackle used to support a suspension rope? 2 (n) What is the maximum rope tension allowed on a choked sling used to support a suspension rope? 2 (o) Where two trolleys are used to support a swing stage, how would you stop them from spreading? 2 (p) When a drum-type scaffolding hoist is at its lowest point, how many full turns of rope should remain on the drum? 2 (q) With a fully-loaded drum-type scaffolding hoist, how far should the drum flange extend beyond the builtup rope? 2 (r) When a climber-type scaffolding hoist is at its lowest point, what is the minimum length of spare rope? 2 (s) Would you use bulldog grips to secure a suspension rope? 2 (t) What type of suspended scaffold does not need a protective device for each scaffolding hoist? 2 (u) What type of scaffolding hoist must be fitted with a load limiting device?

END OF QUESTIONS

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Model answers
SECTION ONE: HUNG SCAFFOLD REQUIREMENTS (Reference: Guidelines for Scaffolding) Question 1 (a) No Answer Reference AS/NZS 4576, Clause 10.9 Page 67 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 10.9, Page 68

SECTION TWO: SUSPENDED SCAFFOLD REQUIREMENTS


Question 2 (a) Answer 500 kg Reference AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.7, Page 78 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.13 Page 81 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.13 Page 81 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.13 Page 81 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.13 Page 81 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.13 Page 81 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.13 Page 81 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.13 Page 81 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.13, Page 81 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.5.4, Page 76 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.5.6, Page 77 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.5.6, Page 77

1 (b)

11 mm

2 (b)

To the inside

1 (c)

A lesser load

AS/NZS 4576 Clause 8.12, Page 44 (Note: See below) AS/NZS 4576 Clause 10.9, Page 68 AS/NZS 4576 Clause 10.9, Page 68 AS/NZS 4576 Clause 10.9, Page 68 AS/NZS 4576 Clause 10.9, Page 68 AS/NZS 4576 Clause 10.9, Page 67 AS/NZS 4576 Clause 10.9, Page 68

2 (c)

900 mm

2 (d)

1.7 m

1 (d)

500 kg

2 (e)

450 mm

1 (e)

Beam chaffers (or half rounds or split tubes) Fix a coupler on each side Mouse them

2 (f)

900 mm

1 (f)

2 (g)

750 mm

1 (g)

2 (h)

1.5 m

1 (h)

Speed threads (or multi-start threads) No

2 (i)

2m

1 (i)

2 (j)

No

2 (k)

No

2 (l)

No

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Question 2 (m)

Answer 80% of rated working load (or 80% of SWL) 40% of rated working load (or 40% of SWL) Connect them with a spacer tie (or spreader bar) 3

Reference AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.6, Page 78 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.6, Page 78 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.7, Page 78 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.5.8, Page 78 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.5.8, Page 78 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.5.8, Page 78 AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.5.8, Page 77 Please note: This reference is currently being updated for publication. When available, this assessment instrument will be reviewed to ensure accuracy of questions, answers and referenced clauses. LIST OF REFERENCES The sole direct reference used for this assessment is:

2 (n)

AS/NZS 4576, Guidelines for Scaffolding - 1995

2 (o)

2 (p)

2 (q)

2 rope diameters

2 (r)

1m

2 (s)

No

2 (t)

A double rope AS/NZS 4576, suspended Clause 11.11, scaffold Page 80 (Note: See below) An electrically powered scaffolding hoist AS/NZS 4576, Clause 11.12, Page 80

2 (u)

ENF OF MODEL ANSWERS

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Advanced ScaffoldingKnowledge Questions


RELATIONSHIP TO THE NATIONAL CERTIFICATION STANDARD
THE UNITS OF COMPETENCE The questions selected at random from the two sections of the knowledge assessment are intended to assess underpinning knowledge additional to the knowledge required for Basic and Intermediate Scaffolding which is required to carry out the four units of competence for Advanced Scaffolding prescribed by Schedule A of the National Occupational Health and Safety Certification Standard for Users and Operators of Industrial Equipment. These are as follows: 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 Plan and prepare work Erect scaffolding/equipment Inspect, repair and alter scaffolding/equipment Dismantle scaffolding/equipment Relevant performance criteria which are not reflected in the Advanced Scaffolding assessment have been covered in the Basic Scaffolding and Intermediate Scaffolding assessments and do not require further assessment. THE RANGE STATEMENT The bank of questions assesses knowledge which directly relates to the full equipment range listed in the National Standard's range statement for Advanced Scaffolding. These are as follows: hung scaffolds suspended scaffolds

Each unit of competence is subdivided into elements of competence, for which performance criteria are prescribed.

THE PERFORMANCE CRITERIA The relationship between each group of questions and the National Standard's performance criteria is as follows: Section 1: Hung Scaffold Requirements These questions reflect performance criteria 1.1.7, 1.1.17, 1.2.4, 2.1.4, 2.2.1, 2.2.3, 2.2.4, 2.2.6, 3.1.1, 3.2.1, 3.2.2, 3.2.3, 4.1.1, 4.1.2, 4.1.3, and 4.2.1. Section 2: Suspended Scaffold Requirements These questions reflect performance criteria 1.1.7, 1.1.8, 1.1.17, 2.1.4, 2.2.1, 2.2.3, 2.2.4, 3.1.1, 3.1.2, 3.2.1, 3.2.2, 3.2.3, 4.1.1, 4.1.2, 4.1.3, and 4.2.1.

The model answers apply the requirements of the National Standard for Plant and its relevant referenced Standards to the obligations under State/Territory occupational health and safety legislation of a person who erects, alters or dismantles scaffolding and associated equipment within the scope of the Advanced Scaffolding certificate of competency. In particular, the model answers are consistent the following referenced Standard: AS 1576, Scaffolding. The model answers are taken from AS/NZS XXXX, Guidelines for Scaffolding, which the Worksafe Australia Scaffolding and Rigging Expert Working Group has endorsed as a suitable text for the determination of applicants' answers for Advanced Scaffolding.

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Assessment standard ! Advanced scaffolding


Form of Assessment Completed within allowed time (Yes, No or NA) 1 Practical skills 2 Sections Overall result (C or NYC) 4 5

Assignment

Knowledge

C = competentNYC = not yet competent NA = not applicable

Summary
Applicant is:
(circle the result obtained)

COMPETENT NOT YET COMPETENT

Date: ................................................

Name of ................................................... assessor ............................................... Signature .............................................. Comments/feedback

Name of applicant .......................................................... Signature .........................................................

(assessors to make any additional comments which clarify the assessment) ............................................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................................. .............................................................................................................................................................................

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