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INDUSTRIAL REPORT OF SESHADRIPURAM COLLEGE BBM

I, HERE BY THAT I HAVE BEEN VISITED THESE INDUSTRIES FROM THE SESHADRIPURAM COLLEGE AND HAVE BEEN LEARNT A LOT FROM THE TRIP. THE INDUSTRIES GONE THROUGH ARE : PARLE FACTORY-BANGALORE COCA-COLA BANGALORE BMTC MANUFACTURING UNIT - BANGALORE LAZZA ICE CREAM FACTORY-BANGALORE SUGAR FACTORY-MANDYA

Parle Products has been India's largest manufacturer of biscuits and confectionery, for almost 80 years. Makers of the world's largest selling biscuit, Parle-G, and a host of other very popular brands, the Parle name symbolizes quality, nutrition and great taste. With a reach spanning even the remotest villages of India , the company has definitely come a very long way since its inception. Many of the Parle products - biscuits or confectioneries, are market leaders in their category and have won acclaim at the Monde Selection, since 1971. With a 40% share of the total biscuit market and a 15% share of the total confectionary market in India , Parle has grown to become a multi-million dollar company. While to consumers it's a beacon of faith and trust, competitors look upon Parle as an example of marketing brilliance.

In 1929 a small company by the name of Parle products emerged in British dominated India. The intent was to spread joy and cheer to children and adults alike, all over the country with its sweets and candies. The company knew that it wouldnt be an easy task, but they decided to take the brave step. A small factory was set up in the suburbs of Mumbai, to manufacture sweets and toffees. A decade later it was upgraded to manufacture biscuits as well. Since then, the Parle name has grown in all directions, won international fame and has been sweetening people's lives all over India and abroad. Apart from the factories in Mumbai and Bangalore Parle also has factories in Bahadurgarh in Haryana and Neemrana in Rajasthan, which are the largest biscuit and confectionery plants in the country. Additionally, Parle Products also has 7 manufacturing units and 51 manufacturing units on contract.

Hygiene is the precursor to every process at Parle. From husking the wheat and melting the sugar to delivering the final products to the supermarkets and store shelves nationwide, care is taken at every step to ensure the best product of long-lasting freshness. Every batch of biscuits and confectioneries are thoroughly checked by expert staff, using the most modern equipment hence ensuring the same perfect quality across the nation and abroad. Concentrating on consumer tastes and preferences, the Parle brand has grown from strength to strength ever since its inception. The factories at Bahadurgarh in Haryana and Neemrana in Rajasthan are the largest biscuit and confectionery plants in the country. The factory in Mumbai was the first to be set up, followed soon by the one in Bangalore, Karnataka. Parle Products also has 14 manufacturing units for biscuits and 5 manufacturing units for confectioneries, on contract.

An in-depth understanding of the Indian consumer psyche has helped Parle evolve a marketing philosophy that reflects the needs of the Indian masses. With products designed keeping both health and taste in mind, Parle appeals to both health conscious mothers and fun loving kids. The great tradition of taste and nutrition is consistent in every pack on the store shelves, even today. The valuefor-money positioning allows people from all classes and age groups to enjoy Parle products to the fullest.

Parle products have been shining with the golds and silvers consistently at the Monde Selection ever since they were first entered in 1971. Monde Selection is an international institute for assessing the quality of foods and is currently the oldest and most representative organization in the field of selecting quality foods worldwide. MY EXPERIENCE IN FACORY : MY SUGGESTION CONCLUSION

coca-cola in india

Coca-Cola, the corporation nourishing the global community with the worlds largest selling soft drink concentrates since 1886, returned to India in 1993 after a 16 year hiatus, giving a new thumbs up to the Indian soft drink market. In the same year, the Company took over ownership of the nations top softdrink brand and bottling network. Its no wonder our brands have assumed an iconic status in the minds of the worlds consumers.

A Healthy Growth to The Indian Economy

Ever since, Coca-Cola India has made significant investments to build and continually consolidate its business in the country, including new production facilities, waste water treatment plants, distribution systems, and marketing channels. Coca-Cola India is among the countrys top international investors, having invested more than US$ 1 billion in India in the first decade, and further pledged another US$100 million in 2003 for its operations.

A Pure Commitment to The Indian Economy

The Company has shaken up the Indian carbonated drinks market greatly, giving consumers the pleasure of world-class drinks to fill up their hydration, refreshment, and nutrition needs. It has also been instrumental in giving an exponential growth to the countrys job listings.

Creating Enormous Job Opportunities

With virtually all the goods and services required to produce and market Coca-Cola being made in India, the business system of the Company directly employs approximately 6,000 people, and indirectly creates employment for more than 125,000 people in related industries through its vast procurement, supply, and distribution system. The Indian operations comprises of 50 bottling operations, 25 owned by the Company, with another 25 being owned by franchisees. That apart, a network of 21 contract packers manufacture a range of products for the Company. On the distribution front, 10-tonne trucks open bay three-wheelers that can navigate the narrow alleyways of Indian cities constantly keep our brands available in every nook and corner of the countrys remotest areas. These are only some of the facts that speak about our commitment to the growth of the Indian Economy.
This magic runs throughout our rich heritage, which continues to fascinate and delight people all over the world. Every year, over a million people travel thousands of miles to visit The World of Coca-Cola Atlanta. They walk through rooms filled with memorabilia to see and hear of how our Company grew from a wonderful idea, into a great global business.

BRANDS OF COCA-COLA

PRODUCTS

ENERGY DRINKS

JUICE DRINKS

SOFT DRINKS

SPORTS DRINKS

TEA/COFEE DRINKS

WATER

OTHERS

PROCESS OF PRODUCTION

1st Process
Sweetener Team of professionals, work on selecting, auditing, sampling, testing, approving and then authorizing the sugar suppliers and the list of such authorized suppliers with approved sugar lots and along with the certificate of analysis are sent across to all the bottling unit for procurement. Secret formula Created in special concentrate plants, its delivered, held and used under strict controls to maintain its integrity and security. Each unit of concentrate is especially identifiable to allow the history of each component to be researched at any stage of production, storage or use. Co, Formula When delivered to the plant, carbon dioxide, or CO2, comes in cylinders for easy delivery and storage. But what is it? In essence, its a colorless and odorless gas that provides the fizz for our beverages.. But its also a by-product of our breathing and used by plants and trees to produce oxygen. Water

Since water is a key component to all our beverages, its quality is critical. And, since public water quality varies around the world, each plant further treats the water is uses. This means that before water it added to any of our beverages; its rigorously filtered and cleansed. We then continuously sample the water to ensure it meet our standards. Materials Ingredients are not the only things delivered to the plant. Other materials such as bottles, cans, labels and packaging are also delivered. Our plants in India use refillable bottles, CANS, PET etc., in the Production process, when bottles and cans are delivered to the plant; they are carefully inspected to ensure that they meet out exacting standards, Once these have passed initial inspection, they move on

2nd process
WASHING AND RINSING To ensure quality, each bottle is washed sanitized and rinsed before being filled. While this sounds simple, the actual steps can differ by bottling plant. In India, our plants use refillable glass cans or Pet bottles. To ensure they meet our cleanliness standard,, bottles are first hit with prerinse jets which remove any dirt or debris. They are then soaked in high-temperature deep cleaning solution that removes any remaining dirt and sanitizes them, The bottles then move to the hydro wash where they are washed again with a deep cleaning pressure-spray.

3rd Process
MIXING AND BLENDING H2O and Sugar

Mixing and blending begin with the steps of mixing pure water with refined sugar, which creates simple syrup. The syrup is then measured for the correct amount of sugar. Secret Formula Our secret formula is still secret! Thats right; the secret formula remains a mystery to the millions of people in nearly 200 countries that enjoys our refreshing beverages everyday, Even though we cant tell you the secret, you can be sure that LIFE TASTES GOOD with Coca-Cola. H2O and Syrup With the syrup nearing its final state, we mix it with pure waster, creating the finished uncorroborated beverage. However, the water and syrup must be mixed in right ration. This is done by the beverage proportionating equipment. It accurately measures the correct ratio for each and sends this mixture to the carbonator. CO2 Adding Adding CO2 or carbon dioxide gas is the final touch that carbonates the beverages, Carbon dioxide not only given our beverages their effervescent zest, but it also adds to the distinctive and fame.

4th Process
FILLING Once all the ingredients have been mixed and blended ands the bottles have been cleaned and sanitized, were ready to start filling. This is a surprisingly complex process requiring precision at each step. To begin with, bottles must be carefully timed as they move to the filler synchronization is key. Once at the filler, bottles are either held securely in place by flexible grippers or precisely placed under filling valves by centering devices. Before the bottles can be filled, the inside of the bottles must be pressurized. This allows for the force of gravity itself to drawn the beverage

into the bottle a process that ensures the smooth flow for liquid, with little to no foaming.

5th Process
CAPPING Once filled, bottles are then capped. We use different caps for different bottles glass bottles are usually topped with a metal crown while PET BOTTLES are topped with a plastic screw top. Each cap type then moves through different parts of the machine, which ensures each cap stays scratch free and is in the right position to be precisely placed on the bottle. As quality and freshness are key, we use a no closure detector during the capping process and a go-no-go-gauge or torque meter after the bottles has been capped. The no-closure detector checks if a screw top or crowns has been places on bottle. The process actually stops if the detector doesnt find a closure. The go-no-go-gauge checks for the proper crown crimp and the torque meter checks to make sure the screw-top is good and tight. If the bottle cap isnt just right, the beverages can become flat or be affected in other ways. If this happens, the bottle is discarded.

6th Process
LABELLING Once the bottles have been field and capped, they move on to be labeled. A special machine dispenses labels from large rollers, cuts them and place on the bottles. For special labels such as commemorative bottles for football championships, the labels are sent to the bottling plants for approval and then used for packaging, Depending on the occasion, some of these special bottles will go only to the specific locations. For example, a national football championship bottle will be sent only to the home town or state of the championship team.

7th Process
CODING The bottle is now ready to be coded. Each one of our beverages is marked with a special code that identifies specific information about it. The codes simply identify the date the beverages was bottled or caned. These codes identify the date, time, batch no. and the MRP. Product coding allows us to ensure that u receive our beverages at their flavorful best.

8th Process
INSPECTION We inspect bottles at many points during the process. With refillable bottles, it happens they are first brought into the plant. They are also inspected after they are washed and again after they are filled. Inspectors look for external bottle imperfections and make sure each bottle has the right amount of beverages. Even after filling, each plant samples bottles for analysis in its lab to ensure quality is up to standards.

9th Process
PACKAGING Once our filled beverages have passed final inspection, they are ready to be packaged for delivery. Generally, packing can refer to everything from the unique BOTTLE and CAN designs, to label designs, to cardboard boxes and containers, to plastic rings. Because the needs and tastes of our consumers are so diverse, the packaging varies depending on where the beverages are being sent.

10th Process

WAREHOUSING & DELIVERY In order to make sure the freshest beverages possible get to you, each warehouse must efficiently manage the thousands of beverages cases produced each day. Beverage organization is key, though its the bottle and can coding that allow for the necessary precision. From the warehouse, we load beverages onto our distinctive trucks. Night and day, our trucks are delivering our refreshing beverages to stores, soda fountains and vending machines near you. Coca-Cola re-entered India in 1993. The vision of the company is to lead beverage revolution in the world and provide its consumer quality beverages at affordable price. As on June 2005, Company has 78 manufacturing locations across 24 states of the country. The company has one single environmental system, eKO system, implemented at all its operations in 202 countries across the world. The eKO system is a tool that integrates environment management with business planning cycle. The eKO system primarily comprises of two main facets namely Environment Safety and Loss Prevention (SLP) Both the facets are aligned with international management system standards, ISO 14001 for Environment Management and OSHAS 18001 for Safely Management. As on June 2005, 33 manufacturing units are certified to ISO 14001 & 8 units are certified to OGSAS 18001 Standards. Company owned bottling operations at Jaipur received prestigious Golden Peacock Award on Environment Management for 2005. The same award was also received by the company operations at Dasna. Ammenpur and Baddi for 2004, 2003 and 2002 respectively.

The awards are conferred by institute of Directors in association with World Environmental Foundation (WEF) in recognition of effective implementation of Environment and Quality Management System (EMS) by these units.

Some of the prime environmental considerations followed in business decisions are Environmental due diligence before acquiring land. Environmental impact assessment before commencing operations. Ground water and environmental surveys before selecting sites. Diligent compliance with all regulatory environmental requirements. Ban on purchase of refrigeration equipment containing CFCs (known to be Ozone depleting) Installation of Effluent treatment plant at each manufacturing locations. Separate collection and treatment domestic and industrial effluent as per company or Local standard. Separate discharge of industrial, domestic and storm water to prevent storm water pollution. The Coca-Cola eKO system is governed by 5 major policies. Each of these policies are supported by specific requirements and practices that govern our daily operations. A Commitment to Lead Compliance And Beyond Accountability Minimizing impact Maximizing Opportunity Citizenship.

OBSERVATIONS
production process was good enough.

No much labour required thus reduces the cost. Very little amount of wastage. Insufficient lighting. Uncomfortable supervision.

Mission, Vision & Values.

The world is changing all around us. To continue to thrive as a business over the next ten years and beyond, we must look ahead, understand the trends and forces that will shape our business in the future and move swiftly to prepare for what's to come. We must get ready for tomorrow today. That's what our 2020 Vision is all about. It creates a long-term destination for our business and provides us with a "Roadmap" for winning together with our bottler partners. Our Mission Our Roadmap starts with our mission, which is enduring. It declares our purpose as a company and serves as the standard against which we weigh our actions and decisions. To refresh the world... To inspire moments of optimism and happiness... To create value and make a difference Our Vision Our vision serves as the framework for our Roadmap and guides every aspect of our business by describing what we need to accomplish in order to continue achieving sustainable, quality growth.

People: Be a great place to work where people are inspired to be the best they can be. Portfolio: Bring to the world a portfolio of quality beverage brands that anticipate and satisfy people's desires and needs. Partners: Nurture a winning network of customers and suppliers, together we create mutual, enduring value. Planet:Be a responsible citizen that makes a difference by helping build and support sustainable communities. Profit: Maximize long-term return to shareowners while being mindful of our overall responsibilities. Productivity: Be a highly effective, lean and fast-moving organization. Our Winning Culture Our Winning Culture defines the attitudes and behaviors that will be required of us to make our 2020 Vision a reality.

Live Our Values Our values serve as a compass for our actions and describe how we behave in the world. Leadership: The courage to shape a better future Collaboration: Leverage collective genius Integrity: Be real Accountability: If it is to be, it's up to me Passion: Committed in heart and mind Diversity: As inclusive as our brands Quality: What we do, we do well Focus on the Market Focus on needs of our consumers, customers and franchise partners Get out into the market and listen, observe and learn Possess a world view

Focus on execution in the marketplace every day Be insatiably curious

WORKPLACE RIGHT POLICY We value the relationship we have with our employees. The success of our business depends on every employee in our global enterprise. We are committed to fostering open and inclusive workplaces, that are based on recognized workplace human rights, where all employees are valued and inspired to be the best they can be. The Coca-Cola Companys Workplace Rights policy is guided by international human rights standards, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The international Labor Organisations Declaration on fundamental Principles and Rights at work and the United Nations Global Compact. The Workplace Rights Policy applied to The Coca-Cola Company and all of the entitles that is owns or in which it holds a majority interest. The Company is committed to working with and encouraging our independent bottling partners to uphold the principles in this Policy and to adopt similar policies within their businesses. The Policy includes the following components. Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining Forced Labour Child Labour Discrimination Work Hours and Wages Safe and Healthy Workplace Workplace Security Community and Stakeholder Engagement

Freedom of Association and collective Bargaining

The Company respects our employees right to join, form or not to join a labor union without fear of reprisal, intimidation or harassment. Where employees are represented by a legally recognized union, we are committed to establishing a constructive dialogue with their freely chosen representatives. Forced Labor The Company prohibits the use of all forms of forced labor, including prison labor. Indentured labor, bonded labor, military labor or slave labor. Child Labor The Company adheres to minimum age provisions of applicable laws and regulations. The Company prohibits the hiring of individuals that are under 18 years of age for positions in which hazardous work is required. The Companys prohibition of child labor is consistent with international labor Organisation standards. Discrimation The Company values all employees and the contributions they make and has a long standing commitment to equal opportunity and intolerance of discrimination. We are dedicated to maintaining workplaces that are free from discrimination or physical or verbal harassment on the basis of race, sex, color, national or social origin, religion, age, disability, sexual orientation, political opinion or any other status protected by applicable law. The basis for recruitment, hiring placement, training compensation and advancement at the Company is qualifications, performance, skills and experienc

Work Hours and Wages The Company compensates employees competitively relative to the industry and local labor market. We operate in full compliances with applicable wage, work hours, overtime and benefits laws. We offer employees opportunities to develop their skills and capabilities and provide advancement opportunities where possible.

Safe and Healthy Workplace The Company provides a safe and health workplace. We are dedicated to maintaining a productive workplace by minimizing the risk of accidents. Injury and exposure to health risks. Workplace The Company is committed to maintaining a workplace that is free from violence, harassment, intimidation and other unsafe or disruptive conditions due to internal and external threats, Security safeguards for employees are provided as needed and will be maintained with respect for employee privacy and dignity. Community and Stakeholder Engagement The Company recognizes its impact on the communities in which it operates. We are committed to engaging with stakeholders in those communities to ensure that we are listening to, learning from and taking into account their views as we conduct our business. Where appropriate, we are committed to engaging in dialogue with stakeholders on workplace influence. We believe that local issues are most appropriately addressed at the local level. We are also committed to creating economic opportunity and fostering goodwill in the communities in which we operate through locally relevant initiatives. Guidance and Reporting for Employees The Coca-Cola Company creates workplaces in which open and honest communications among all employees are valued and respected Coca-Cola is committed to following all applicable labor and employment laws wherever we operate. If you believe that a conflict arises between the language of the policy and the laws, customs and practices of the place where you work, if you have questions about this policy or if you would like to report a potential violation of this policy, you should raise those questions and concerns through existing processes, which make every effort to maintain confidentially. You may ask questions or report potential violations

to local Management, Human Resources, Legal Department or Strategic Security Employees can also report suspected violations through the Ethics Line secured internet website at www KOethics.com or by calling the appropriate toll-free number for your location, which can be found on the www.KOethics.com website. No reprisal or retaliatory action will be taken against any employee for raising concerns under this Policy. The Company is committed to investigating, addressing and responding to the concerns of employees and to taking appropriate corrective action in response to any violation. For individuals in the European Union, Please note that Ethics Line phone or web services only allow you to report financial, accounting and auditing matters. Should you wish to report issues under the Workplace Rights Policy, such reports should be made directly to local Management. Human Resources or Legal Department. The Company reserves the right to amend this policy at any time Nothing in this policy says or implies that a contract exists between the Company and its employees or that participation in this program is a guarantee of continued employment with The Coca-Cola Company.

MY EXPERIENCE IN COCA-COLA MY SUGGESTIONS CONCLUSION

Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation

Slogan

Moving you most economically/Bringing Bangalore to your doorstep

Founded

1940

Headquarters

Bengaluru

Locale

Bengaluru

Service type

Public Transport

Routes

5370

Fleet

5593

Daily ridership

Approximately 38 lakh (3.8 million)

Operator

Government of Karnataka

Web site

BMTC

The Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) is the agency that operates thepublic transport bus service in Bangalore (also known as bengaluru), India. This is a profit making transport sector in India.

Motto

To provide 'Efficient, Economic, Safe, Reliable and

History
In 1997 BMTC was formed as the result of a split of the Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation, in the context of the city's expansion. The Bangalore Transport Service became Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation and the colour scheme was changed from red to a blue and white combination. BMTC remains a division of KSRTC. The profits earned by BMTC are used to cover the losses from the NWKRTC and NEKRTC divisions of KSRTC.

Types of buses

A Volvo bus of the BMTC. BMTC currently employs almost 200 Volvos and is procuring more, spurred on by a rise in demand.

1. Ordinary a). Blue and White: the old ordinary buses with ordinary fares. Buses introduced after 2001 have pneumatic doors. b) White and Blue: The Parisara vahini ordinary buses introduced between 2002 and 2008 with pneumatic doors. c) Blue buses: The new ordinary bus under the JNNURM scheme with low floors and LED boards.

2. Suvarna: Silver coloured with red lining. They have Re.1 higher for first 3 stages and then are on par with the ordinary. They carry LED boards. 3. Pushpak: Launched in the late 90's. Single door bus with/without conductors. Driver acts as conductor when there is no conductor(janapriya vahini). Coffee coloured buses with fares similar to Suvarna.Generally provided on contract to the IT companies and schools. 4. Vajra: Hi-tech buses from Volvo running on routes serving the IT companies' locations and various residential routes as well. Higher fares about 1.5 to 3 times that of ordinary depending on the route. LED boards. 5. Vayu Vajra: Volvo buses to airport operated from 12 routes. 6. Atal Sarige: Low-cost buses with single seats along the windows and LED display. Have a tri-colour outside. On 1 June 2009, to celebrate their first anniversary, the Government of Karnataka and the Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation sold off a pro-poor bus service called the Atal Sarige. The service aims at providing low-cost connectivity for the economically backward sections of the society to the nearest major bus station 7. Marcopolo: AC buses as well as non-AC from Tata-Marcopolo Collaboration introduced under the JNNURM scheme. 8. Isuzu AC: A single bus running between BTM layout and BIAL on a trial basis as substitute for volvo.

Fares

Fares of BMTC are considered to be the highest in the country with respect to the starting stages. However they are not very costly in the later stages. They range from Rs 2/- a km in the first stages to Rs 0.5/- per km as the distance increases.The highlight of the BMTC is the daily pass provided at Rs.32/- per day. It can be used for travel in any bus except the air conditioned ones. It is valid up to midnight on the day of purchase and available with all conductors. On producing ID cards (voter's card, driving license, etc), BMTC provides concession of 25% in fares to senior citizens in all types of buses. This came into effect on 1 September 2008.Children below the age of 12 are given 50% concession.

Infrastructure
BMTC has six bus stations in Bangalore. Apart from these, it also has a number of minor terminuses. It has 34 depots spread all over Bangalore (Depot 1 closed for Shantinagar; 2 others also closed because of TTMC construction) out of which 31 are operational. BMTC aims to build 6 more depots on the city outskirts. BMTC is also constructing modern bus stations at 10 places in its first phase. These will have places to park vehicles and a separate waiting room for airport-bound passengers with the timings displayed. As of December 2009, the station at Jayanagar 4th block has been opened.

Records
BMTC was the first in the country to introduce intra-city Volvo buses. Earlier, they were well received on the IT sector routes but are now patronised on all routes in the city. It has the record for making profits consistently for years and is one of the few public sector undertakings in Asia to make profits It has the youngest fleet of buses in the country due to which the KMPL is also higher compared to other undertakings. BMTC is one of the few undertakings to introduce pneumatic doors in India even in its fleet of ordinary buses to provide safety for passengers. Prior to this, only some luxury buses in Hyderabad had pneumatic doors. Operates the longest city bus route in India: Route No.600 (circular bus route) which starts from Banashankari and covers 117kms round trip to reach Banashankari, covering NH-7 (Hosur), NH-207 (Attibelle]to Varthoor), NH-4 (Chennai), NH-4 (Mumbai), NH-7 (Bellary), SH-17 (Mysore). It traverses an entire circle to reach Banashankari.

Lazza is an international brand in the business of ice creams, frozen desserts & syrups. Its main business is manufacture and distribution of ice creams and frozen desserts. Brand has a wide range of products and packaging. The products and packaging are comparable to the best anywhere. The company has unique marketing systems which facilitates competing with varied situations in different areas.

History of Lazza Ice Creams. The first Lazza factory was started by Mr.M.C.John and Mr.Ameer Ahamed in the Sultanate of Oman. The word LAZZA came from an Arabic word meaning all good things in life. The Lazza brand with its head quarters in Cochin, India is managed by a team of consultants namely : Fintech Consultants (P) Ltd. Headed by Mr. M.C. John a Chartered Engineer and ex-senior bureaucrat in the Government and with vast experience in various Industries in top positions guides the brand on administrative policies, expansion, diversification and so on. Market Research Planning Group Headed by Mr. Simon John a Chartered Engineer and MBA with 32 years in senior marketing positions advices on corporate, planning and marketing decisions. Freezefast Technologies Headed by Mr. Francis John a Chartered Engineer who has 28 years experience in various senior technical
position and advices on Technical and EDP systems

Lotemp Systems Headed by Mr. Francis J. Pallan a Chartered Engineer by profession and held high position in finance for 34 years and is charge of all major financial decisions. The brand has highly qualified professionals in the technical, sales and administrative fields who work as a TEAM and interprets it as `Together Everyone Achieves More'.

From a single factory in 1980, Lazza brand has made a commendable leap. The Brand has now 8 franchise factories in Kerala, 3 franchise factories in Tamil Nadu, 2 franchise factories in Karnataka, 4 franchise factories in Andhra Pradesh and 1 franchise factory in Maharashtra. It is today the market leader in South India. In its pursuit to become global, the brand got its second franchisee in Democratic Republic of Congo and it is poised to go in a big way

Lazza brand is one of the few ice cream companies in the world which manufactures and markets both ice cream and frozen dessert. Ice cream and frozen dessert are similar products. Ice cream is manufactured with dairy fat and frozen dessert is made with vegetable fat. Ice creams from Lazza are costlier by 10% as compared with frozen dessert.

Duble Mango, Orange, Raspberry Kulfi on Stick Ice lolly American Bar

Capri Matka Kulfi Casatta Mini Casatta Slice, Casatta Slice, Deluxe Casatta Slice Fundae

Junior Tub (250ml) Tub (350ml) Family Pack (500ml) Party Pack (1ltr) 1.25 ltr pack Bulk Pack (4ltr) Jumbo Pack (5ltr)

Chocobar Ball Chocobite Redberry Mango in Mango Dessert Mist Cups 50ml, 100ml

Lazza ice creams and frozen desserts are made every where under the same formula and it tastes the same any where. The process and equipments are modern and sophisticated. The products are subject to strict quality control. The cold storage systems in the factories are comparable with the best any where. The products from Lazza both ice cream and frozen desserts conform to PFA Act and international, quality and bacteriological standards. All companies are expected to take HACCP Certification. Raw materials used are purchased only from standard companies with HACCP certification or after strict inspection of quality and standards.

Lazza products come in a wide range of packagings. Suitable packaging materials and designs are available for different types of markets ranging from 35ml to 5000 ml. Packaging is colorful and compares to the best in the country and even else where. Packings are mostly in polycoated paper container or plastic containers depending on the local market conditions.

MY EXPERINCE MY SUGGESTION MY CONCLUSION

MANDYA SUGAR FACTORY

Karnataka Sugar Industry ranks 3rd in terms of its contribution of sugar in the total sugar production in the country. The Sugar Industry in Karnataka is able to manufacture sugar in such huge quantities due to the fact that sugarcane is abundantly available in the state. In fact, Karnataka stands 4th in the country in the cultivation of sugarcane. The Sugar Industry in Karnataka has around 41 sugar factories which are distributed all over the state. The various locations of the sugar factories of Karnataka Sugar Industry are Konnur, Varuna, Koppa, Madapura, Dandeli, Jambagi, Hosur, Margur, Yelgur, Siddapur, and Arsanghatta. The major benefits of Karnataka Sugar Industry are that it has generated many facilities in the state such as communication, employment, and transport. It has also benefited the state by helping in the development of the rural areas of the state by mobilizing the various resources of the villages. The major sugar factories of Karnataka Sugar Industry are: Bannari Amman Sugar Ltd. with the sugarcane crushing capacity of 5000 TCD Davangere Sugar Company Ltd. with the sugarcane crushing capacity of 2500 TCD Sri Chamundeswari Sugars Ltd. with the sugarcane crushing capacity of 4000 TCD Godavari Sugar Mills Ltd. with the sugarcane crushing capacity of 7500 TCD Mysore Sugar Company Ltd. with the sugarcane crushing capacity of 5000 TCD Athani Farmers Sugar Factory Ltd. with the sugarcane crushing capacity of 2500 TCD The Sugar Industry in Karnataka can be divided into 2 groups that are the unorganized sector which comprises of the producers of the traditional sweeteners such as gur and khandsari and the organized sector which consists of the sugar mills. The manufacture of khandsari and gur is considered to be rural industry and are produced in huge quantities. The gur and khandsari are consumed mostly by the rural people as sources of nutrition and also as sweeteners. The total sugar production of Karnataka Sugar Industry came to 17.98 lakh tons in 2002-2003, in 2003-2004 the figure came to 11.57 lakh tons, and in 20042005 the figure stood at 13 lakh tons. The Sugar Industry in Karnataka contributes around Rs. 36 crore per year to the state exchequer in central excise duty. It also contributes more than Rs. 900 crore in the form of turnover tax and sales tax to the state exchequer. The state government in an attempt to boost Karnataka Sugar Industry has set

up the Karnataka Sugar Institute (KSI) which has emerged as a center for education and training for sugar technology. The Karnataka Sugar Institute also provides important support to the Sugar Industry in Karnataka by doing R&D in the various aspects of sugarcane processing and production. Karnataka Sugar Industry has contributed a great deal to India's total level of sugar production and thus has helped the country to meet its demand for sugar. The Karnataka state government must make more efforts in order to boost the sugar industry in karnataka. The Manufacturing Process: Sampling: On arrival, a sample of the sugar beet is taken from the load and tested to measure the sugar content and to determine the amount of soil, tops or leaves present in the load. These analyses, combined with the weight of the vehicle entering and leaving the factory, enables the calculation of the quantity of sugar delivered and hence the payment due.

Cleaning: Sugar beet floats in water and in the cleaning of the process it is moved around in large quantities of water, allowing the beet to pass through machinery which 'catches' stones but allows the beet to float over the top. Weeds and other trash are also removed before the beet enters the factory, where it is sliced into thin slices called 'cossettes'.

Slicing: The Slicing machines work in a similar manner to a kitchen grater and the cossettes they produce have a 'V' cross section. This ensures the largest possible surface area is presented to maximise the sugar extraction stage

Diffusion: Sugar is extracted from the beet by diffusion. This process takes place in a large vessel and in a simple terms is Akin to brewing tea in a tea pot The cossettes are mixed with hot water at around 70 degree C for a period of time and the sugar simply passes from The plant cells into surrounding water by the diffusion process. The vegetable material left behind this stage is mechanically pressed to extract as much remaining sugar and water

As possible and, after the addition of molasses , is dried to produce animal feed products. It is this drying process which gives rise to the familiar plume of steam rising from factory. The liquid resulting from the diffusion process is dark in color and is called raw juice.

Purification: This juice is passed through an important purification stage called carbonatation. This involves mixing the juice with milk of lime and adding carbon dioxide gas. During this process , the carbon dioxide and the milk of lime re-combined to produce calcium carbonate which precipitates out, taking most of the impurities from the juice with it.

Evaporation: The Pale Yellow juice is called thin juice and while much purer it is still reatively low in sugar content. It pases to the next stage of the process evaporaton where the water is boiled off in the series of evaporator vessels to increase the solids content of the juice from the previous 16per cent in the juice to 65 per cent in the thick juice. The concentrated juice passes through filters, after which it is ready for the final stage of the process; or it can be stored and brought back to the factory during the summer to produce crystal sugar.

Crystallization: The crystallization process takes place in vacuum pans which boil the juice at lower temperatures under vacuum. When the juice reaches a predetermined concentration it is seeded with tiny sugar crystals which provide the nucleus for larger crystals to form and grow. When he crystals reach the desired size the process is stopped and the resultant mixture of crystal sugar and syrup known as massecuite is spun in centrifuges to separate the sugar from the mother liquor. The sugar crystals are washed and after drying and cooling, are conveyed to storage silos. Some sugar remains in the separated liquid so it is boiled again in further set of vacuum pans to produce raw sugar. This process is repeated a third time resulting in final product sugar and molasses. Raw and final product sugars and molasses. Raw and final product sugars are re-dissolved into the thick juice.

MY EXPERINECE MY SUGGESTION CONCLUSION.