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Annotated Bibliography Primary Sources: 1."Jurgis Rudkis and "The Jungle"" New York Times 3 Mar. 1906: n. pag.

Print. This article includes an interview with Upton Sinclair as he talks about what believes the novel has done to our industry and what the novel was intended to portray to the public. 2. "Meat Inspection Bill Passes the Senate." New York Times 26 May 1906: n. pag. Print. This article reveals to the public that the Meat Inspection Act was passed and what new responsibilities it would bring to the nation. It also exposed details of the passing of the act by the Senate. 3. "Sinclair Demands Report: Says the Public Is Entitled to Know the Facts." New York Times 27 May 1906: n. pag. Print. This article dating back to May of 1906, which was just three months after The Jungle was published, expresses Sinclairs point of view in an interview as to how the public should become aware of the conditions in the factories that were exposed in the novel. The article offers Sinclairs opinion and responses to reactions from the public after reading the horrors in his book. 4. Sinclair, Upton. "The Boycott on 'The Jungle; Upton Sinclairs Book in Trouble in the Packing Centres." New York Times 18 May 1906: 1. Print. This article from the New York Times expresses an important aspect of our topic. It gives one result of the publishing of The Jungle which was the banning of the novel in some libraries due to the controversy it caused. The controversy was over whether or not the predicaments made in the novel about the meat packing factorys conditions were false or factual based on evidence. 5. Sinclair, Upton. The Jungle. Cambridge, MA: R. Bentley, 1971. Print. This is the original book that Upton Sinclair wrote in 1906. This can be used to find quotes and facts from Uptons personal feelings. Secondary Sources: 1. Arthur, Anthony. Radical Innocent: Upton Sinclair. New York: Random House, 2006. Print. This novel is a biography of Upton Sinclairs life that gave us insight into Sinclairs relationship with socialist and English medical writer Adolphe Smith that we quoted in our website. 2. Bausum, Ann. Muckrakers: How Ida Tarbell, Upton Sinclair, and Lincoln Steffens Helped Expose Scandal, Inspire Reform, and Invent Investigative Journalism.

Washington, D.C.: National Geographic, 2007. Print. This book offered a small section on Upton Sinclairs muckraking. We found several quotes that we will use in our project and it also offered insight to Uptons time writing before publishing The Jungle. This book also gave us pictures to use in support of our quotes on the website. 3. Blackwell, Jon, Paul Mickle, Chris Baud, Lauren Black, Dave Neese, Larry O'Rourke, Tom Fernandez, and George O'Gorman. "The Capital Century -- 100 Stories of New Jersey History." The Capital Century-- 100 Stories of New Jersey History. Capital Century, n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2012.http://www.capitalcentury.com/. This website offered a brief summary of the causes and effects The Jungle had on American industry. It also had a brief summary of the actual novel, The Jungle. 4.Cherny, Robert W. "The Jungle and the Progressive Era." The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. Web. 02 Jan. 2013.<" target="_blank"http://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/politics-reform/essays/ju ngle-and-progressive-era>;. This website essay offered an in-depth account of Upton Sinclairs life revolving around the time he spent researching and writing his novel. It also gave us information about the first publishing of his novel and accounts of what he witnessed while he performed his research. 5.Clyde, Rozella. Personal interview. 02 Jan. 2013. Mrs. Clyde, a U.S. History teacher for 44 years on both the high school and middle school levels, former president of the NYC Social Studies Teachers' Association, co-program chair of the New York State Council of the Social Studies annual conference, and a member of the House of Delegates of the National Council for Social Studies, speaks about The Jungles impact on American society and its impact worldwide. 6. Cohen, Adam. "Editorial Observer; 100 Years Later, the Food Industry Is Still 'The Jungle'"The New York Times. The New York Times, 02 Jan. 2007. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.<" target="_blank"http://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/02/opinion/02tue4.html?ref=uptons inclair>;. This online article offered information on the background of The Jungle, details describing the factories and the novels effect on industry today. 7. Encyclopedia of Chicago." Encyclopedia of Chicago. Ed. James R. Grossman, Ann Keating, and Janice L. Reiff. The Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago, n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2012.http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/. Similar to the Capital Century website, this website offers a brief summary on the novel and also insight on Uptons time and research before the novel was first published. 8. Filler, Louis. The Muckrakers. University Park: Pennsylvania State UP, 1976. Print This book contained very in depth information on the novel and its writer, Upton

Sinclair. This book also has a primary source showing one of the food labels that listed the ingredients of the food inside. This was a direct effect on the new laws created, due to The Jungle. 9. Flores Prof., Lori. E-mail interview. 05 Feb. 2013. Lori Flores is a Professor at Stonybrook University who teaches a course on The History of the Working Class from the 1900s until the present. Professor Flores has given us insight into the meat packing industry today as well as Sinclairs muckraking and journalism. 10. Fogel, Daniel Mark. "Upton Sinclair." PBS. PBS. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americannovel/timeline/sinclair.html This website offered us numerous quotes and topic ideas for our website. It also helped give us more background on Sinclairs life as a reformer and socialist. 11. "Global Muckraking: The International Impact of Upton Sinclair's The Jungle." U.S. History In Context. Grayslake Central High School, Spring 2009. Web. 1 Jan. 2013. The website above contained research on the impact of The Jungle on a worldwide standard. It also referred to the specific laws in the United States that came to be after the publishing of this novel such as the Pure Food and Drug Act and Meat Inspection Act. 12. Hawthorne, Fran. Inside The FDA: The Business and Politics Behind the Drugs We Take and the Food We Eat. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2005. Print. This novel was extremely helpful in researching the Food and Drug Administration which resulted from The Jungleby Upton Sinclair as this novel by Fran Hawthorne went into detail with the FDA and its role in industry and food production. 13. Hillstrom, Laurie Collier. The Muckrakers and the Progressive Era. Detroit, MI: Omnigraphics, 2010. Print. This book contained a lot of information on other progressives as well as a very in depth biography of Upton Sinclair. This biography included information on Uptons later life in politics. 14. Inc, WebResults. "Pure Food and Drug Act -Biography of Theodore Roosevelt by Theodore Roosevelt Association." Pure Food and Drug Act - Biography of Theodore Roosevelt by Theodore Roosevelt Association. WebResults.Inc, n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2012. http://www.theodoreroosevelt.org/life/purefooddrug.htm. This website is a full biography of Theodore Roosevelt and it offered a full page on the Presidents involvement in the Pure Food and Drug Act. This source will help us to know Theodore Roosevelts involvement with The Jungle and how it changed history. 15. Kay, Steve. "90 Years of Beef Packing From Carcass to Case Ready." Western Livestock Journal. Cattle Buyers Weekly, 1 Nov. 2012. Web. 02 Jan.

2013.<http://npaper-wehaa.com This is an article we found online that gives information on the meatpacking industry over a long period of time, but also has specific details on the effect The Jungle had on American industry. 16. "Legal Information." Laws. Web.<" target="_blank"http://federal.laws.com/meat-inspection-act>;. This website had a lot of information on The Jungles impact on the industry as well as vital people involved and who contributed to The Jungleprominent effect on society. 17. Reed, Lawrence W. "Ideas and Consequences: Of Meat and Myth." : The Freeman : Foundation for Economic Education. 01 Nov. 1994. Web.<" target="_blank"http://www.fee.org/the_freeman/detail/ideas-and-consequences-of-m eat-and-myth/>;. This article offered quotes from Jack London and other people who influenced Sinclairs novel as well as the outstanding impacts the novel had on society. 18. Ridgwell, Joseph. "Jack London's Journey into the Abyss." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 05 Oct. 2007. Web. 03 Jan. 2013.<" target="_blank"http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/booksblog/2007/oct/05/jacklondonsj ourneyintothe>;. From this article we gained a better understanding of Jack Londons relation to Upton Sinclair and how Jack London affected the writing of The Jungle. 19. Shults, MaryAnne, and Professor Mike Reed. "Reed's Mass Media." Reeds Mass Media. Reeds Mass Media, 02 Dec. 2010. Web. 04 Jan. 2013. Above is a website that we used to learn more about muckrakers, the words terminology and past, in order to then relate it to Upton Sinclair and his work. 20. Sinclair, Upton. "Interview with Upton Sinclair, Author of The Jungle." Interview. Web log post. Yom11. 05 Feb. 2011. Web. 04 Jan. 2013. This website above had a blog from yom11 who uploaded an interview with Upton Sinclair. The interviewer asked Upton his opinion and view on writing the novel and its effect on the meatpacking industry. 21. Solomon, Alan. "Back of the Yards." Explore Chicago. Web. 02 Jan. 2013. From this website we gained a better prospective of the Chicago stockyards as they were in the past and still stand as of today through text, pictures, and maps. 22. States, United. "Introduction from the History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine." Pure Food and Drug Act (1906). United States Statutes at Large (59th Cong., Sess. I, Chp. 3915, P. 768-772; Cited as 34 U.S. Stats. 768). U.S. National Library of Medicine, 18 Apr. 2004. Web. 01 Jan. 2013. This was the actual documentation of the Pure Food and Drug Act created in 1906 after

President Theodore Roosevelt was influenced and moved by Sinclairs novel to reform the meatpacking industry. 23. "THE JUNGLE -- Upton Sinclair (1906)." THE JUNGLE. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2012. http://faculty.uml.edu/sgallagher/jungle.htm. This website contained a basic summary of the novel and it also contained an excerpt from the novel. This excerpt is the exact point in the book where the gruesome facts of the meat packing industry are revealed. This can be used to quote Uptons exact words and thoughts on the dark side of the meatpacking industry. 24. "Toward Freedom." Toward Freedom. Ed. Benjamin Dangl. Robin Lloyd, n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2012. http://www.towardfreedom.com/. When Upton Sinclair is searched an article called Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle": A 100th Anniversary Retrospective is found. This article contains several valuable quotes said by Upton and it also contains an overview of the time before and during the time when The Jungle was written. 25. "Upton Sinclairs The Jungle: Muckraking the Meat-Packing Industry." Constitutional Rights Foundation. The Constitutional Rights Foundation, Fall 2008. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.<" target="_blank"http://www.crf-usa.org/bill-of-rights-in-action/bria-24-1-b-upton-sinclai rs-the-jungle-muckraking-the-meat-packing-industry.html>;. This website offered numerous quotes and research that we used throughout our entire website. From the writing of the novel to its significant impacts, this site was a vital part to our research and the creation of our website.

26. "Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle"" Undercover Reporting - Deception for Journalism's Sake: A Database. Web. 04 Jan. 2013. <" target="_blank"http://dlib.nyu.edu/undercover/upton-sinclairs-jungle>;. This site had a list of primary and secondary sources available for our use. 27. Zinn, Howard. "The Socialist Challenge." History Is A Weapon. Web. 02 Jan. 2013. <" target="_blank"http://www.historyisaweapon.com/defcon1/socchal13.html>;. This essay found on the website above provided a small amount of information regarding Jack Londons influence on Upton Sinclairs writing. This small, but significant piece of information led us to find out more about this relationship that effected Sinclairs novel.