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Example: Truss/post end connection

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Example: Truss/post end connection


This example presents a method for calculating the shear resistance of a roof truss to column flange connection using an end plate. The bolted connection uses non-preloaded bolts (i.e. Category A: Bearing type bolted connection). NOTE: For completeness, all the design checks listed below should be carried out. However, in practice, for normal connections, the checks marked * will usually be the critical ones. In this example, only checks marked with an * are shown in detail. For guidance on the other checks, reference should be made to the NCCI for shear resistance of simple end plate connections [SN014]. Before evaluating resistances, checks are made to ensure sufficient ductility (see Section 1) and to avoid premature weld failure (see Section 2). Joint Shear Resistance
Table 1.1 Shear resistance of truss/post end connection
l M a , a d o n i s y c o

Mode of failure
i

Bolts in shear* End plate in bearing*

Supporting member in bearing End plate in shear (gross section)

End plate in shear (net section) End plate in shear (block shear) End plate in bending Beam web in shear*

VRd,1 VRd,2 VRd,3 VRd,4 VRd,5 VRd,6 VRd,7 VRd,8

d a

o e

n r

* Modes evaluated in the example (see Note above) The shear resistance of the joint is the minimum of the above values.

C T

r h

e i

a s

e m

Example: Truss/post end connection (GB)

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End Plate Connection - Details


100

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307.4

Main joint data Configuration Column Truss Truss to column flange UKC 305305118 S275 Upper chord: 2 UKPFC 18075 Battens: UKPFC 10050 Lower chord: 2 UKPFC 12565 Web members: UKPFC 10050 Type of connection End plate Bolts Fillet welds End plate connection using non-preloaded bolts Category A: Bearing type 26020010, S275 M24, grade 8.8 Throat a = 4 mm

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Column UKC 305305118 S275 Depth Width Thickness of the web Thickness of the flange Fillet radius Area Second moment of area Depth between fillets Yield strength Ultimate tensile strength
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BS4 Corus Advance

h b tf,c r A Iy dc

= 314.5 mm = 307.4 mm = 18.7 mm = 15.2 mm = 150 cm2 = 27672 mm4 = 246.7 mm

tw,c = 12 mm

fy,c = 275 N/mm2 fu,c = 430 N/mm2 BS4 Corus Advance

Supported Beam Upper Chord 2 UKPFC 18075 S275 Depth Width Thickness of the web Thickness of the flange Fillet radius Area Second moment of area Yield strength Ultimate tensile strength h b tf,b1 r A Iy = 180 mm = 75 mm = 10.5 mm = 12 mm = 25.9 cm2 = 1370 cm4

tw,b1 = 6 mm

fy,b1 = 275 N/mm2 fu,b1 = 430 N/mm2

End plate 26020010 S275 Depth Width Thickness Yield strength Ultimate tensile strength hp bp tp fy,p fu,p = 200 mm = 260 mm = 10 mm = 275 N/mm2 = 430 N/mm2

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Direction of load transfer (1) Number of horizontal bolt rows Plate edge to first bolt row Pitch between bolt rows Direction perpendicular to load transfer (2) Number of vertical lines of bolts Plate edge to bolt line Column edge to bolt line Gauge (i.e. distance between cross centers) Bolts M24, 8.8
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n1 el pl

=2 = 65 mm = 70 mm

n2 e2 e2,c p3

=2 = 50 mm = 73.7 mm = 160 mm

Total number of bolts ( n = n1 n2 ) Tensile stress area Diameter of the shank Diameter of the holes Diameter of the washer Yield strength Ultimate tensile strength Welds Throat thickness of the weld Partial factors M0 M2 M,u = 1.0 = 1.25 (for shear resistance at ULS) = 1.1 (for tying resistance at ULS)

n As d do dw fyb fub

=4 = 353 mm2 = 24 mm = 26 mm = 48 mm = 640 N/mm2 = 800 N/mm2

= 4 mm

Design shear force (at ULS) VEd = 176 kN Note: VEd is the total shear force.

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DUCTILITY REQUIREMENTS

The supporting element is a column flange, therefore the connection should comply with the following conditions:

tp or t f,c

d f ub 2.8 f y,p

SN014

d f ub 2.8 f y,c

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d f ub 24 800 = = 14.6 mm 2.8 f y,p 2.8 275

t p = 10 mm
Since t p < 14.6 mm , the ductility is ensured.

WELD DESIGN

The supported beam is steel grade S275, so the requirement is the following:

a 0.45t w,b1
0.45 6 = 2.7 mm a = 4 mm
Since a > 2.5 mm, therefore OK.

SN014

JOINT SHEAR RESISTANCE


= 0.8nFv,Rd

Bolts in shear

VRd,1

SN014

The shear resistance of a single bolt, Fv,Rd is given by:

Fv,Rd

v f ub A M2

EN1993-1-8 Table 3.4

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where:
M2

= 1.25 for shear resistance = 0.6 for grade 8.8 bolts = As = 353 mm2
0.6 800 353 10 3 = 135.6 kN 1.25

v
A

Fv,Rd =

VRd,1 = 0.8 4 135.6 = 434 kN


End plate in bearing

VRd,2
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= nFb, Rd

SN014

The bearing resistance of a single bolt, Fb,Rd is given by:


Fb, Rd = k1 b f u, p d t p

M2

EN1993-1-8 Table 3.4

where:
b e p1 1 = min 1 ; ; 3d 3d o 4 o f ub ; 1.0 f u,p

e1 65 = = 0.83 3d o 3 26
p1 1 70 1 = = 0.65 3d o 4 3 26 4
f ub 800 = = 1.86 f u,p 430

= min (0.83 ; 0.65 ; 1.86 ; 1.0 ) = 0.65


e = min 2.8 2 1.7 ; 2.5 do

k1

2.8

e2 2.8 50 1.7 = 1.7 = 3.68 do 26


= min (3.68 ; 2.5) = 2.5

k1

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Fb,Rd VRd,2

2.5 0.65 430 24 10 10 3 = 134.2 kN 1.25

= 4 134.2 = 537 kN

Beam web in shear (for two channels)

Because the end plate is deeper than the channel section, use h rather than hp.
VRd,8
VRd,8

SN014

= 2 Av

f y,b1

3 M0

= 2 0.9 h t w,b1

f y,b1

3 M0

= 2 0.9 180 6

275 10 3 = 309 kN 3 1 .0

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SUMMARY

The following tables summarize the resistance values for all the applicable modes of failure. Calculation of the values given in shaded boxes is not presented in this worked example. The governing value (i.e. the minimum value) for the shear resistance is shown in bold type.
Mode of failure Joint shear resistance VRd,1 VRd,2 VRd,3 VRd,4 VRd,5 VRd,6 VRd,7 VRd,8

Bolts in shear End plate in bearing Column flange in bearing End plate in shear (gross section) End plate in shear (net section) End plate in shear (block shear) End plate bending
Beam web in shear (two channels)

434 kN 537 kN 1003 kN 500 kN 588 kN 432 kN N/A


309 kN

Ductility requirement satisfied (see Section 1). Weld size adequate (see Section 2).

Example: Truss/post end connection (GB)

Example: Truss/post end connection SX033b-EN-GB

Quality Record
RESOURCE TITLE Reference LOCALISED RESOURCE DOCUMENT Name Created by Technical content checked by Editorial content checked by Laurent Narboux Abdul Malik D C Iles Company SCI SCI SCI Date Dec 2006 Jan 2007 19/2/07 Example: Truss/post end connection SX033a-EN-GB

Amendment 1 17/5/07 Value of VRd,8 modified

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