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Design of a Multi-element Multi-polarized Antenna that enables applications based on polarization diversity

H.T. Hayvaci, B.M. Elnour, D. Erricolo

Department of ECE, University of Illinois at Chicago Chicago, IL 60607 USA


Presented at 2007 URSI North American Radio Science Meeting URSI - CNC/USNC July 22-26, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Outline
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Introduction Review
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Multiple Input Multiple Output, MIMO

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Advantages of MIMO Antennas Some Suggested Antenna Configuration


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Tri-polarized Antenna (Tripole) MIMO Cube

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HFSS Design Results Conclusion

Hayvaci, Elnour, Erricolo Design of a Multi-element Multi-polarized Antenna that enables applications based on polarization diversity

Introduction
Multi-element multi-polarized antenna utilizes polarization diversity to measure EM fields in space in a multi-path environment. There is a strong agreement on the advantages of using polarization diversity along with space diversity for wireless applications. Such an antenna has plenty of potential for applications that involve wireless communications and sensing.

Hayvaci, Elnour, Erricolo Design of a Multi-element Multi-polarized Antenna that enables applications based on polarizatio n diversity

Introduction
For wireless communications applications such as Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) systems, there is analytical evidence that an antenna that measures the full EM field may increase the capacity of transmission channel up to three folds relative to dual-polarized radio signals For sensing applications, this type of antenna would improve the estimation accuracy of the direction of arrival of the signal from either one or two sources (Nehorai and Paldi, 1994) In this work, we investigated the suggested antenna geometries such as MIMO cube, Tripole Antenna utilizing polarization diversity We applied the ideas of the MIMO cube and of the Tripole Antenna by using loop antennas instead of dipoles.
MIMO Cube

Tripole Antenna

Loop Antenna
Hayvaci, Elnour, Erricolo Design of a Multi-element Multi-polarized Antenna that enables applications based on polarizatio n diversity

MIMO
MIMO wireless systems use multiple antenna elements at transmit and receive to improve channel capacity Multi-path wireless environment

Hayvaci, Elnour, Erricolo Design of a Multi-element Multi-polarized Antenna that enables applications based on polarizatio n diversity

Advantages of MIMO Antennas


Agreement on the advantages of using polarization diversity at wireless applications Provide essential development on high data rate communication systems Challenges of Designing a non-distributed MIMO antenna: Mutual Coupling Feeding Structures

Hayvaci, Elnour, Erricolo Design of a Multi-element Multi-polarized Antenna that enables applications based on polarizatio n diversity

Some Suggested Antenna Configurations


Tri-polarized Antenna (Tripole)
by M.R. Andrews, P.P. Mitra and R. deCarvalho

MIMO cube

by B.N. Getu and J. Bach Andersen

Hayvaci, Elnour, Erricolo Design of a Multi-element Multi-polarized Antenna that enables applications based on polarizatio n diversity

HFSS 3D Model
Six identical loop antennas are used for three independent channel All antennas are orthogonal to each other providing independent channels
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Substrate Material: Rogers 4003, er=3.38, H=1.5mm Dielectric material dimensions are 90mm x 90mm Optimized radius of loops are 30.5mm, 2mm wide traces. Bottom Ground Patch: 22mm x 22mm, Top Ground Arms are 4mm wide

4 3 5

Operating frequency: 2.67GHz

Hayvaci, Elnour, Erricolo Design of a Multi-element Multi-polarized Antenna that enables applications based on polarizatio n diversity

Results: 3-D Radiation Pattern

Results: Reflection Coefficients

Hayvaci, Elnour, Erricolo Design of a Multi-element Multi-polarized Antenna that enables applications based on polarizatio n diversity

Results: Isolation dB

S12,S13,S14,S15,S23, S25,S26,S34,S36,S45, S46,S56

S16, S35, S24

Hayvaci, Elnour, Erricolo Design of a Multi-element Multi-polarized Antenna that enables applications based on polarizatio n diversity

Antenna Impedance (Ohm)

Hayvaci, Elnour, Erricolo Design of Multi-element Multi-polarized Antennas that enable applications based on polarization diversity

Conclusion
Three independent channels are achieved with this configuration, with extra three channels providing an alternate multi-path channel in case of sever fading for original channel. Antennas have good radiation characteristics with Return loss of 27dB or better. Antennas have a good isolation between elements since antennas are not co-located with isolation of 14dB or better

Hayvaci, Elnour, Erricolo Design of a Multi-element Multi-polarized Antenna that enables applications based on polarizatio n diversity

Future work
The cube will be simulated with dipoles and loops to investigate the option of having six independent channels instead of three. Some other dual-polarized antennas will be used as antenna element. We are going to build the antenna and make some measurements. The new antenna will be investigated for signal processing applications to confirm the validity of the six independent channels compared to a classical vector antenna.
Hayvaci, Elnour, Erricolo Design of a Multi-element Multi-polarized Antenna that enables applications based on polarizatio n diversity

Thank you! Questions?

Hayvaci, Elnour, Erricolo Design of a Multi-element Multi-polarized Antenna that enables applications based on polarizatio n diversity