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CHAPTER 11: FUEL SYSTEM Fuel System Activity

Objectives
Upon completion of this activity, you will be able to identify the components of the fuel system and change the air filter , CCV filter, PCV valve, and fuel filter on a vehicle.

Tools
Safety glasses, basic hand tools, vacuum, drain pan, fender cover, wheel chocks, jack with jack stands, or drive-on ramps with jack stands, or an automotive lift

Supplies
Shop rags, replacement parts (e.g., air filter, CCV filter, PCV valve, fuel filter) specific to your vehicle

Cautions
Have a fire extinguisher handy when working on the fuel system. Follow all procedures and safety guidelines specified by your instructor.

Directions
Check off when completed. If you have any questions during the duration of this activity, stop and ask the instructor (if available) for assistance. Due to the variations in locations of components, a manual specific to the vehicle would assist you in identifying component locations.

Pre-Service
q Use the vehicles maintenance records, the owners manual, a service manual, and the Internet to research applicable vehicle and service information, vehicle service history, service precautions, and technical service bulletins. q Apply the parking brake. q Remove the key from the ignition. Warning: On a push button keyless ignition refer to the owners manual for specific safety procedures to prevent an unintended engine startup. q Put on your safety glasses. q Pop open the hood. q Use a fender cover to protect the vehicles finish. q Determine and note if the engine has gasoline direct injection (GDI), multi-port fuel injection (MFI), throttle body fuel injection (TBI), or a carburetor. q Look in the owners manual and note the octane rating suggested for the vehicle. q Refer to a service manual to identify and note the location of the fuel pump.

Procedure 1 Air Filter Change


q Identify and note the location of the air filter. On carbureted vehicles, the air filter housing usually sits on top of the engine directly over the carburetor. On fuel-injected
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vehicles, the air f ilter may be mounted on the engine or near the inner fender of the vehicle. Loosen the cover by removing the clips, screws, or wing nuts. Remove the cover. Note how the air filter is positioned in the housing. Remove the old filter and compare to the replacement. It is not recommended to blow out the filter with air pressure. The air pressure can tear the filter element allowing dirt to enter the engine. Wipe out or vacuum the housing. Do not get dirt in the throttle body or air intake housing. Install the new air filter. Reinstall the air filter housing cover.

Procedure 2 CCV Filter Change


q Locate the air filter housing. On carbureted vehicles, the air filter housing usually sits on top of the engine directly over the carburetor. On fuel-injected vehicles, the air filter may be mounted on the engine or near the inner fender of the vehicle. q Loosen the cover by removing the clips, screws, or wing nuts. q Remove the cover. q Identify the location of the CCV filter. It is commonly located inside the air filter housing. Note: Not all vehicles have a CCV filter (also called PCV inlet filter). q Remove the hose that attaches to the CCV filter. q Remove the retaining clip. q Remove the CCV filter. q Install the new CCV filter. q Reinstall the air filter housing cover.

Procedure 3 PCV Valve Change


q Identify the location of the PCV valve. It is usually located at the end of a hose and pushed into the valve cover. q Remove the old PCV valve. It is usually just a push in connection. q Compare the old valve to the new one. q Install a new PCV valve.

Procedure 4 Fuel Filter Change


q Connect the vehicles exhaust to the shop exhaust evacuation system or park outside. q Raise the end of the vehicle where the engine is located with a jack and support with jack stands (or use an automotive lift or drive -on ramps with jack stands). q Chock the wheels on the opposite end of the vehicle. q Apply the parking brake.

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q Remove the key from the ignition. Warning: On a push button keyless ignition refer to the owners manual for specific safety procedures to prevent an unintended engine startup. q Put on chemical resistant gloves. q Put on your safety goggles. q Remove the fuel cap and clean the sealing surface. Replace the fuel cap after cleaning. q Identify the location of the fuel tank. q Identify the location of the fuel lines. q Identify and note the location of the fuel filter. Warning: The vehicle and exhaust should be cool when changing the fuel filter. q Place a drain pan under the fuel filter. q Relieve the fuel pressure. Warning: Fuel injection vehicles use high fuel pressure. Check a manual specific to your vehicle for the procedure. q Remove the fuel filter. Some fuel filters need special tools to remove clips. If the fuel filter is threaded, use two line wrenches to prevent damage to the fuel lines. q Clean the connections and threads. q Install the new filter with flow arrow in the direction of the engine. q Start the engine and check for leaks. It may take a couple of cranks to fill the lines and new filter. q Disconnect shop exhaust evacuation system (if applicable).

Clean Up
q Clean and put away all tools. q Wash your hands thoroughly.

Activity Journal
1. Does your engine have gasoline direct injectors, multi-port fuel injectors, throttle body fuel injectors, or a carburetor? 2. Where was your vehicles air filter located? 3. Where was your vehicles fuel filter located? 4. Where is the fuel pump located on your vehicle? 5. What is the octane rating suggested for your vehicle? 6. Why is it not recommended to blow out air filters with compressed air? 7. If fuel filters are threaded, why should you use two wrenches to loosen the connection?

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