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Simple AM Receiver Description.

Here is a low cost AM receiver circuit that can be tuned from around 550 to 1100 KHz. Three transistors are used in this project. The transistors Q1 and Q2 are wired as a compound transistor pair in which Q1 is an emitter follower and Q2 is a common emitter amplifier. The emitter follower prevents the loading of tank circuit, while the common emitter amplifier necessary voltage gain. The L1 and C2 forms the tank circuit.The L1 also does the job of antenna.The series combination of R6 and R7 gives a regenerative feedback between output of the Q2 and tank circuit. The transistor Q3 performs the demodulation of the carrier signal. It also provides amplification the demodulated signal. The audio output is coupled out from the collector of Q3 via the capacitor C3.Capacitor C6 provides some noise filtering. Circuit diagram.

Notes. The circuit can be assembled on a general purpose PCB. Use a 9V PP3 battery for powering the circuit. R7 can be used to adjust the sensitivity and selectivity of the circuit. A high impedance head phone can be used for listening the radio. For L1 make 60 turns of 26 SWG enameled copper wire on a 3/8 inch diameter, 3inch long ferrite rod. The moving plates of C2 must be connected to the base of Q1 and fixed plates must be connected to the junction of C3 and R6.Reversing the connection may decrease the stability.

Simple AM Transmitter

Description Here is the circuit diagram of a simple AM transmitter circuit that can transmit your audios to your backyard.This circuit is designed with limited power output to match the FCC regulations and still produces enough amplitude modulation of voice in the medium wave band to satisfy your personal needs.You will love this!.

The circuit has two parts , an audio amplifier and a radio frequency oscillator. The oscillator is built around Q1 (BC109) and related components. The tank circuit with inductance L1 and capacitance VC1 is tunable in the range of 500kHz to 1600KHz. These components can be easily obtained from your old medium wave radio. Q1 is provided with regenerative feedback by connecting the base and collector of Q1 to opposite ends of the tank circuit. C2 ,the 1nF capacitance , couples signals from the base to the top of L1, and C4 the 100pF capacitance ensures that the oscillation is transfered from collector, to the emitter, and through the internal base emitter resistance of the transistor Q2 (BC 109) , back to the base again. The resistor R7 has a vital part in this circuit. It ensures that the oscillation will not be shunted to ground trough the very low value internal emitter resistance, re of Q1(BC 109), and also increases the input impedance such that the modulation signal will not be shunted to ground. Q2 is wired as a common emitter RF amplifier, C5 decouples the emitter resistance and unleashes full gain of this stage. The microphone can be electret condenser microphone and the amount of AM modulation can be adjusted by the 4.7 K variable resistanceR5. Am Transmitter Circuit Diagram with Parts List.

Am Transmitter Circuit Diagram

Notes .

The transmission frequency can be adjusted using the variable capacitance C3. Use a 200uH inductor for the L1 in the tank circuit. Power the circuit using a 9V battery for noise free operation. Use a 30 cm long insulated Copper wire as the antenna. AM DSB Transmitter For HAMS The circuit of AM transmitter is designed to transmit (amplitude modulated) DSB (double side band) signals. A modulated AM

signal consists of a carrier and two symetrically spaced side bands. The two side bands have the same amplitude and carry the same

information. In fact, the carrier itself coveys or carries no information. In a 100% modulated AM signal 2/3 rd of the power is wasted in the carrier and only 1/6th of the power is contained in each side band.In this transmitter we remove the carrier and transmitt only the two side bands. The effective output of the circuit is three times that of an equivalent AM transmitter.Op Amp IC741 is used here as a microphone amplifier to amplify the voice picked up by the condenser microphone. The output of the op amp is fed to the double balanced modulator (DBM) build around four IN4148 diodes. The modulation level can be adjusted with the help of preset VR1.The carrier is generated using crystal oscillator wired around BC548 transistor T2. The carrier is further amplified by transistor T1, which also acts as a buffer between carrier oscillator and the balanced modulator. The working frequency of the transmitter can be changed by using crystals of different frequencies. For multi frequency operation, selection of different crystals can be made using a selector switch.Ths output of the DBM contains only the product (of audio and carrier) frequencies. The DBM suppresses both the input signals and produces double side band suppressed carrier (DSBSC) at its output. However, since the diodes used in the balanced modulator are not fully matched, the output of the DBM does contain some residual carrier. This is known as carrier leakage. By adjusting the 100 ohm preset VR2 and trimmer C7 you can null the carrier leakage.To receive DSB signals you need a beat frequency oscillator to reinsert the missing carrier. If you don't have a beat frequency oscillator, or want to transmitt only AM signal, adjust preset VR2 to leak some carrier so that you can receive the signals on any ordinary radio receiver. In AM mode 100% modulation can be attained by adjusting preset VR1 and VR2.The DSBSC signal available at the output of the balanced modulator is amplified by two stages of RF linear amplifiers. Transistor 2N2222A (T3) is used as an RF pre amplifier, which provides enough signal amplification to drive the final power amplifier build around transistor SL100B. The output of the final power amplifier is connected to the antenna.All coils are to be wound ferrite balun core (same as used in TV balun transformer of size 1.4 cm * 0.6 cm) using 24 swg enameled copper wire. Proper heat sink should be provided for SL100B transistor used as final power amplifier. X1 X2 Primary 12 8+8 Turns, Turns Secondary 4 Bifalar Turns. 24 24 SWG on SWG TV Balun On Core TV (dot Balune indicates start of Core coil).

X3 - 20 Turns 24 SWG on TV Balun Core Range of the circuit depends on the type of antenna used. It is very important to use matched antenna to radiate the signals effectively. I used horizontal dipole antenna, which is simple and easy to construct. For 7 MHz, ie 40 meter ham band the length of dipole antenna will be 20 meter. Use 75 Ohms co-axial cable to connect antenna and transmitter. I was able to get 57 report from station 80 kilometer away. You can easily add a Linear RF amplifier using IRF830 to get more power.