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Respiration and Photosynthesis Lab Report AP Biology Abstract.

By observing how many bubbles arose from the Elodea plant, we kept track of which situations it was best suited for and what makes the plant respire(or not respire). Bubbles of oxygen floated to the top as the plants used the light from the lamp and carbon dioxide to perform the necessary process to respire; the process of photosynthesis. Although photosynthesis occurred at all distances from the light source, the amount of bubbles decreased as we increased the distance from the light source. Intro Cellular respiration and photosynthesis are processes necessary for life organisms, they help to sustain life. Cellular respiration occurs in the mitochondria of the cell, using ATP to release broken down byproducts. Photosynthesis goes through a different (and opposite) process to create an organic compound like glucose using sunlight converted to chemical energy (ATP). We observed how to calculate the rate of photosynthesis, and observed how light affects this rate. It also allowed us a better understanding between the differences (and forms) of respiration. Methods. Our lab was conducted in Mrs. Woottons biology classroom on November 3, 2011. The main objective of our lab was photosynthetic rate by observing bubbles from the sea plant, Elodea, while varying distance from light and amount of tap water versus sodium bicarbonate. First, we filled up four different test tubes with tap water. We then labeled the test tubes numbers 1 to 4. Next, we took a sprig of Elodea and cut it into four separate pieces. We put one piece in each of the test tubes, fully submerging them with their cut end placed upward. We then filled a beaker with tap water and placed it in front of an ordinary lamp, that we used for our light source. The beaker was placed in front to be our insulator from the heat of the lamp. Next, we placed our test tube rack with our test tubes on the other side of the beaker, so that the beaker was in the

middle. We carefully measured out 25 cm from the light for the placement of our test tube rack, for our first run of data collection. Since our Elodea pieces were shocked from the water placement and cutting of them we allowed them to sit for five minutes before we started looking for oxygen bubbles. After the wait time, bubbles started appearing and we counted the number to record for our data, for five minutes. Then, we moved the rack to both the 50 cm and 75 cm marks and repeated the process for each to derive data. For the next section of the lab, we took all the test tubes and emptied out all the water. We then replaced test tube numbers 1 and 2 with tap water again, while test tubes 3 and 4 received 0.5% sodium bicarbonate. When we replaced each of our test tubes with fresh water and sodium bicarbonate, we had to keep in mind that we had to add the water to one rapid and slow bubble producer and the sodium bicarbonate to the other two test tubes. With our new test tubes, we placed them on the rack 25m from the light and watched for bubbles for five minutes. In the end, we collected our data and analyzed it to discover the photosynthetic rates of the plant, Elodea, in different substances for a certain amount of time with a light source.