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P4.3 A 14-kip load is supported by two bars as shown in Figure P4.3.

Bar (1) is made of cold-rolled red brass (Y = 60 ksi) and has a cross-sectional area of 0.225 in.2. Bar (2) is made of 6061-T6 aluminum (Y = 40 ksi) and has a cross-sectional area of 0.375 in.2. Determine the factor of safety with respect to yielding for each of the bars.

P4.6 The rigid structure ABD in Figure P4.6 is supported at B by a 35-mm-diameter tie rod (1) and at A by a 30-mm-diameter pin used in a single shear connection. The tie rod is connected at B and C by 24- mmdiameter pins used in double shear connections. Tie rod (1) has a yield strength of 250 MPa, and each of the pins has an ultimate shear strength of 330 MPa. A concentrated load of P = 50 kN acts as shown at D. Determine: (a) the normal stress in rod (1). (b) the shearing stress in the pins at A and B. (c) the factor of safety with respect to the yield strength for tie rod (1). (d) the factor of safety with respect to the ultimate strength for the pins at A and B.

P4.9 The pin-connected structure is subjected to a load P as shown in Figure P4.9. Inclined member (1) has a cross-sectional area of 250 mm2 and has a yield strength of 255 MPa. It is connected to rigid member ABC with a 16-mm-diameter pin in a double shear connection at B. The ultimate shear strength of the pin material is 300 MPa. For inclined member (1), the minimum factor of safety with respect to the yield strength is FSmin = 1.5. For the pin connections, the minimum factor of safety with respect to the ultimate strength is FSmin = 3.0. (a) Based on the capacity of member (1) and pin B, determine the maximum allowable load P that may be applied to the structure. (b) Rigid member ABC is supported by a double shear pin connection at A. Using FSmin = 3.0, determine the minimum pin diameter that may be used at support A.

P4.10 Rigid beam ABC is supported as shown in Figure P4.10. The pin connections at B, C, and D are each double shear connections, and the ultimate shear strength of the pin material is 620 MPa. Tie rod (1) has a yield strength of 340 MPa. A uniformly distributed load of w = 15 kN/m is applied to the beam as shown. A factor of safety of 3.0 is required for all components. Assume a = 700 mm, b = 900 mm, c = 300 mm, and d = 650 mm. Determine: (a) the minimum diameter required for tie rod (1). (b) the minimum diameter required for the double shear pins at B and D. (c) the minimum diameter required for the double shear pin at C.