Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 6

Greenhouse gases

. Greenhouse gases are those that can absorb and emit infrared radiation.[1] In order, the most abundant greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere are:

water vapor (H2O) carbon dioxide (CO2) methane (CH4) nitrous oxide (N2O) ozone (O3)

Atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases are determined by the balance between sources and sinks.

A chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) is an organic compound that contains only carbon, chlorine, hydrogen and fluorine, produced as a volatile derivative of methane and ethane.

Global warming is the annual increase of global temperatures due to the emission of greenhouse gasses. These greenhouse gasses slowly build up in the planets atmosphere and facilitate change in the Earths climate. Greenhouse gasses are a common byproduct from human activities such as deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels. Greenhouse gasses, created by the burning of fossil fuels such as crude oil, coal, etc. are considered among scientists to be the number one cause of global warming. With an increase in industrialization in the last hundred years, coupled with an increase in need for burning fuels the amount of greenhouse gasses emitted into the environment have increased exponentially. Today CO2 emissions from things like automobiles, planes, and a plethora of other sources are among the biggest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions.

Scientists have discovered the first evidence that millions of tons of methane, a greenhouse gas 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide, are being released into the atmosphere from beneath the Arctic seabed. Scientists believe that underground stores of methane, when suddenly released into the atmosphere, cause rapid increases in global temperatures.
Tiny dust particles create veils that reflect sunlight and cool the atmosphere. Dark particles absorb sunshine and warm things up. Black carbon particles in the atmosphere have a more powerful global-warming effect than any of the greenhouse gases except carbon dioxide. In China and India, home cooking with wood and cow dung in addition to home heating with coal contribute 25 to 35 percent of the global atmosphere's black particle burden.
Every year, storms over West Africa disturb millions of tons of dust and strong winds carry those particles into the skies over the Atlantic. This dust from Africa directly affects ocean temperature, a

key ingredient in Atlantic hurricane development. Millions of tons of dust create a drier environment and also reduce the amount of sunlight that reaches the ocean.

"The dust in Iceland dust storms can also have an impact on the glaciers themselves," said Prospero. "The black dust deposited on the glacier surface absorbs solar radiation, thereby increasing the rates of glacial melting." Iceland dust can also affect ocean processes over the North Atlantic.