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[Diplomacy] Pakistan: Kishanganga Hydroproject Judgement, Gwadar Port given to China

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 6. 7. 8. What is Kishanganga? Indus Water treaty? Permanent Indus Commission (PIC)? What is the Kishanganga problem? Pakistans objections #1: less electricity for Pak #2: less water for Pak International Court of Arbitration at The Hague Gwadar Port transferred to China Mock Questions

Indus Water treaty?


Signed between India(Nehru) and Pakistan (Gen.Ayub Khan), in 1960. It allocates the water in following manner Eastern Rivers 1. Sutlej 2. Ravi 3. Beas Remember SRBjit (Sarbjeet=that Indian man in Pakistani jail). This water belongs to India exclusively. Western 1. Chenab, 2. Jhelum 3. Indus Remember CJI (Chief justice of India). This water belongs to Pakistan. However, India can make limited use of this water, and build hydro Projects with certain conditions.

Permanent Indus Commission (PIC)?


Indus Water Treaty provides for this Commission. It is made up of one Indian + one Pakistani Commissioner. PIC holds meetings, inspects the projects on these rivers (to make sure neither party is violating anything). If either party is making or modifying any canal, projects etc. theyve to share data/ information to other party. Water related issues/disputes should be solved by talks and negotiations. If talks/negotiations fail, then India / Pakistan can approach a third party neutral expert.

What is the Kishanganga problem?


Kishanganga is a tributary of Jhelum river. When Kishanganga enters Pakistan, it is called Neelam river. Now Observe this map:

As you can see, India is building a dam at a place called Gurez. (work done by National Hydro Power Corporation (NHPC)) India will divert this water via a 20+ km tunnel for generating electricity. This tunnel will deliver water to Kishanganga hydroelectric plant (KHEP) @Bonar Nalla and generate about 300+MW electricity. Pakistan objected to this project. India refused to stop the project. So, 2010 Pakistan approaches International Court of Arbitration (ICA) saying that India has violated the Indus water treaty of 1960. The court gave stay order and stopped India from constructing the project while the case was going on.

Pakistans objections
If India builds a dam on Kishanganga and diverts water then #1: less electricity for Pak We are also building a Neelum-Jhelum Hydropower project. This plant will have electricity generation capacity of almost 1000MW. But if India builds a dam on Kishanganga (=Neelum) then less water flow for Pakistans side = this projects electricity generation capacity will be reduced by 150MW. #2: less water for Pak 1. Well will receive 15% less water (from our original share of river waters according to Indus Water treaty). 2. We might not get water at all from Neelum River for about seven to nine months a year! = not good for agriculture.

International Court of Arbitration at The Hague


India was represented by noted legal expert Mr.Fali S Nariman. (2 marker person in news) Pakistan was represented by Mr. I.M. Notimp4upsc. After hearing both the side, We order that Court 1. India has right to build dam and divert water from River Kishanganga. 2. BUT India will have to maintain some minimum water flow, for Pakistans use. It means Indian doesnt have right to FULLY divert water. Ok how much minimum water flow do we need to maintain for Pakistan? That well tell you in December 2013. But in the mean time, both of your submit your survey database to us. So we can decide the minimum flow. And @Pakistan, you also give data on how much water do you from Kishanganga sorry Neelam, for agriculture/irrigation? Objection! I suspect that Pakistan will intentionally come up with fake data that they need huge amount of water for irrigation! It is for us to decide whether data is legit or fake! But submit the data first. Plus, When both of your submit data, youll be given the opportunity to make objection against other partys data.

India Court

Pakistan Ok. India Court

To sum up: This is only a partial verdict, and full verdict will come in Dec 2013. Another Development is Pakistan handed over Gwadar port to China.

Gwadar Port transferred to China


You already know the background and strategic importance of Gwadar port. If not, click me In Feb 2013, Pakistan and China signed an agreement to hand over control of the strategic Gwadar port on the Arabian Sea

to a Chinese company, According to this agreement, 1. Gwadar sea port will remain the property of Pakistan. 2. And the Chinese company will share profits from its operation.

MCQ
Q1. According to Indus Water treaty, India has exclusive rights over a. b. c. d. Beas, Indus, Ravi Indus, Chenab, Jhelum Ravi, Satluj, Beas None of above.

Q2. Which of the following is correct regarding Kishanganga? 1. It is a tributary of Sutlej river. 2. In Pakistan, it is known as Neelam. a. b. c. d. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Only 1 Only 2 Both None Descriptive Fali S. Nariman (2m) Kishanganga Project (2m) Permenent Indus Commission. (5m) Indus Water treaty (5m) Write a note on the ongoing Kishanganga Project controversy between India and Pakistan. (15m) Previous Posts 1. [Diplomacy] 11th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas 2013: Highlights, issues, awards 2. [Diplomacy] Mali Crisis, Taureg rebels, French Troops, Algeria Hostages: Background, implications explained 3. [Diplomacy] Indian Ocean Rim Association (IOR-ARC): 12th Summit, Gurgaon Communique, Highlights 4. [Diplomacy] Nepal Logjam (Part 3 of 3): Chinese presence, Anti-India sentiments, how & why Indias policy failed 5. [Diplomacy] Nepal Logjam (Part 2 of 3): Merger of Maoists with Army, Anti-India Campaign, Why Elections are not held 6. [Diplomacy] Nepal Logjam (Part 1 of 3): Civil War, Peace-Deal, Constitutional deadlock, Frequent change of Prime
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20 comments to [Diplomacy] Pakistan: Kishanganga Hydroproject Judgement, Gwadar Port given to China

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TRA
February 20, 2013 at 10:07 PM Reply thank you sir 1.C (as per IWT1960 India has exclusive right over SRBjit) 2.B (only 2.kishenganga is jhelums tributary)

pushpender
February 20, 2013 at 10:15 PM Reply Nice Work saviour Answers 1. c 2. b

sudhakar
February 20, 2013 at 10:25 PM Reply 1. B 2. B Nice article

a.b
February 20, 2013 at 11:10 PM Reply 1.c 2.b

Amrinder
February 20, 2013 at 11:21 PM Reply 1. C (SRB) 2. B (tributary of Jhelum and name in Pak is Neelum/Neelam)

neha
February 20, 2013 at 11:26 PM Reply 1.c 2.b

shashi kotwal
February 20, 2013 at 11:29 PM Reply c b

aaditya singh
February 20, 2013 at 11:35 PM Reply 1.c 2.b

2.b The gap from 14th to 19th was lull before the stormback with a bang is the hero mrunal

B.CHANDRAMOHAN
February 20, 2013 at 11:55 PM Reply a wounderfull site for preparation which i had not gone through all my preparation. i wish all the best.

Rahul
February 20, 2013 at 11:55 PM Reply i wish i knew about this site before. but its never too late to start. Excellent..

himanshu
February 21, 2013 at 12:06 AM Reply sir please post sceince and tech section for january

Sanchit
February 21, 2013 at 1:12 AM Reply Sir Plz post an article on Gold and various activities surrounding it

dhananjay
February 21, 2013 at 7:09 AM Reply i) C ii) B

CSA
February 21, 2013 at 11:16 AM Reply 1)c 2)b

Dusky
February 21, 2013 at 11:22 AM Reply Very nice article.. thanx Mrunal Sir.!!!!

Silu
February 21, 2013 at 11:25 AM Reply Very nice article. Many thanks to you. Mrunal, brother what about my request regarding present economic scenario and solutions. Please.

NITIN
February 21, 2013 at 11:36 AM Reply CJI=Chief Justice Iftikhar Choudhry(Pakistan) will be more suitable to remember

Mrunal
February 21, 2013 at 11:58 AM Reply hahaha very true.

vaibhav
February 21, 2013 at 11:41 AM Reply Dear Sir, very useful article nicely written. with thanks

with thanks

Marudavanan
February 21, 2013 at 12:05 PM Reply Sir, pls explain the recent Cauvery river notification in the gazette also there are lot of committees and board in this issue.. Explain this history sir. Will be helpful

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