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# Figure 1

y

-2 1 O 1 2 3 x
(0.5, 2) (0.4, 4)

C3 Mock Paper

1. Express
5 2
2
3
) 2 3 ( 7

) 6 7 2 (
3
x
x
x x
x +

+ +
as a single fraction in its simplest form.
(4)

2. The function f is defined by f : x 2x, x e . (a) Find f
1
(x) and state the domain of f
1
.
(2)
The function g is defined by g : x 3x
2
+ 2, x e .

(b) Find gf
1
(x). (c) State the range of gf
1
(x).
(2) (1)
3. Find the exact solutions of (i) e
2x + 3
= 6, (ii) ln (3x + 2) = 4.
(3) (3)
4. Differentiate with respect to x (i) x
3
e
3x
, (ii)
x
x
cos
2
, (iii) tan
2
x.
(3) (3) (2)
Given that x = cos y
2
, (iv) find
x
y
d
d
in terms of y.
(4)

5. (a) Using the formulae sin (A B) = sin A cos B cos A sin B,
cos (A B) = cos A cos B sin A sin B, show that

(i) sin (A + B) sin (A B) = 2 cos A sin B, (ii) cos (A B) cos ( A + B) = 2 sin A sin B.
(2) (2)
(b) Use the above results to show that
) cos( ) cos(
) sin( ) sin(
B A B A
B A B A
+
+
= cot A.
(3)
Using the result of part (b) and the exact values of sin 60 and cos 60,

(c) find an exact value for cot 75

in its simplest form.
(4)

6. Figure1 shows a sketch of part of the curve with
equation y = f(x), x e .

The curve has a minimum point at (0.5, 2) and
a maximum point at (0.4, 4). The lines x = 1,
the x-axis and the y-axis are asymptotes of the
curve, as shown in Fig. 1.

On a separate diagram sketch the graphs of

(a) y = |f(x)|, (b) y = f(x 3), (c) y = (|x|).

(4) (4) (4)
In each case show clearly

(i) the coordinates of any points at which the curve has a maximum or minimum point,
(ii) how the curve approaches the asymptotes of the curve.

7. (a) Sketch the curve with equation y = ln x.
(2)

(b) Show that the tangent to the curve with equation y = ln x at the point (e, 1) passes through the
origin.
(3)

(c) Use your sketch to explain why the line y = mx cuts the curve y = ln x
between x = 1 and x = e if 0 < m <
e
1
.
(2)
Taking x
0
= 1.86 and using the iteration x
n + 1
=
n
x
3
1
e ,

(d) calculate x
1
, x
2
, x
3
, x
4
and x
5
5
to 3 decimal places.
(3)

The root of ln x
3
1
x = 0 is o.

(e) By considering the change of sign of ln x
3
1
x
5
is an accurate estimate of o, correct to 3 decimal places.
(3)

8. In a particular circuit the current, I amperes, is given by I = 4 sin u 3 cos u , u > 0,

where u is an angle related to the voltage.

Given that I = R sin (u o), where R > 0 and 0 o < 360,

(a) find the value of R, and the value of o to 1 decimal place.
(4)

(b) Hence solve the equation 4 sin u 3 cos u = 3 to find the values of u between 0 and 360.
(5)

(c) Write down the greatest value for I.
(1)
(d) Find the value of u between 0 and 360 at which the greatest value of I occurs.
(2)

Core 3 June 05

1. (a) Given that sin
2
u + cos
2
u 1, show that 1 + tan
2
u sec
2
u.
(2)
(b) Solve, for 0 s u < 360, the equation 2 tan
2
u + sec u = 1, giving your answers to 1 decimal place.
(6)

2. (a) Differentiate with respect to x; (i) 3 sin
2
x + sec 2x, (ii) {x + ln (2x)}
3
.
(3) (3)
Given that y =
2
2
) 1 (
9 10 5

+
x
x x
, x = 1; (b) show that
x
y
d
d
=
3
) 1 (
8
x
.
(6)
3. The function f is defined by f: x
2
1 5
2
+
+
x x
x

2
3
+ x
, x > 1.

(a) Show that f(x) =
1
2
x
, x > 1. (b) Find f
1
(x).
(4) (3)

The function g is defined by g: x x
2
+ 5, x e . (b) Solve fg(x) =
4
1
.
(3)

4. f(x) = 3e
x

2
1
ln x 2, x > 0. (a) Differentiate to find f '(x).
(3)

The curve with equation y = f(x) has a turning point at P. The x-coordinate of P is o.

(b) Show that o =
6
1
e
o
.
(2)
The iterative formula x
n + 1
=
n
x
e
6
1
, x
0
= 1, is used to find an approximate value for o.

(c) Calculate the values of x
1
, x
2
, x
3
and x
4
(2)
(d) By considering the change of sign of f '(x) in a suitable interval, prove that o = 0.1443 correct to 4 decimal
places.
(2)

5. (a) Using the identity cos (A + B) cos A cos B sin A sin B, prove that cos 2A 1 2 sin
2
A.
(2)
(b) Show that 2 sin 2u 3 cos 2u 3 sin u + 3 sin u (4 cos u + 6 sin u 3).
(4)
(c) Express 4 cos u + 6 sin u in the form R sin (u + o ), where R > 0 and 0 < o < t
2
1
.
(4)
(d) Hence, for 0 s u < t, solve 2 sin 2u = 3(cos 2u + sin u 1),

H31123A 4
(5)
6. Figure 1

Figure 1 shows part of the graph of y = f(x), x e . The graph consists of two line segments that meet at the point
(1, a), a < 0. One line meets the x-axis at (3, 0). The other line meets the x-axis at (1, 0) and the y-axis at (0, b),
b < 0.

In separate diagrams, sketch the graph with equation

(a) y = f(x + 1),
(2)
(b) y = f(|x|).
(3)

Indicate clearly on each sketch the coordinates of any points of intersection with the axes.

Given that f(x) = |x 1| 2, find

(c) the value of a and the value of b,
(2)
(d) the value of x for which f(x) = 5x.
(4)

7. A particular species of orchid is being studied. The population p at time t years after the study started is assumed
to be

p =
t
t
a
a
2 . 0
0.2
e 1
e 2800
+
, where a is a constant.

Given that there were 300 orchids when the study started,

(a) show that a = 0.12,
(3)
(b) use the equation with a = 0.12 to predict the number of years before the population of orchids reaches 1850.
(4)
(c) Show that p =
t 2 . 0
e 12 . 0
336

+
.
(1)
(d) Hence show that the population cannot exceed 2800.
(2)
O
y
x
1
3
(1, a)
b

H31123A 5
-
y
x
5 O
M (2, 4)
5

Core 3 Jan 06

1. Figure 1 shows the graph of y = f(x), 5 s x s 5.

The point M (2, 4) is the maximum turning point of the
graph.

Sketch, on separate diagrams, the graphs of

(a) y = f(x) + 3, (b) y = |f(x)|,
(2) (2)
(c) y = f(|x|).
(3)

Show on each graph the coordinates of any maximum turning points.
Figure 1

2. Express
) 2 )( 3 2 (
3 2
2
+
+
x x
x x

2
6
2
x x
as a single fraction in its simplest form.
(7)

3. The point P lies on the curve with equation y = ln |
.
|

\
|
x
3
1
. The x-coordinate of P is 3.

Find an equation of the normal to the curve at the point P in the form y = ax + b, where a and b are constants.

(5)
4. (a) Differentiate with respect to x (i) x
2
e
3x + 2
, (ii)
x
x
3
) 2 ( cos
3
.
(4) (4)
(b) Given that x = 4 sin (2y + 6), find
x
y
d
d
in terms of x.
(5)

5. f(x) = 2x
3
x 4. (a) Show that the equation f(x) = 0 can be written as x =
|
.
|

\
|
+
2
1 2
x
.
(3)
The equation 2x
3
x 4 = 0 has a root between 1.35 and 1.4.

(b) Use the iteration formula x
n + 1
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
2
1 2
n
x
,

with x
0
= 1.35, to find, to 2 decimal places, the value of x
1
, x
2
and x
3
.
(3)

The only real root of f(x) = 0 is o.

(c) By choosing a suitable interval, prove that o = 1.392, to 3 decimal places.
(3)

H31123A 6

6. f(x) = 12 cos x 4 sin x. Given that f(x) = R cos (x + o), where R > 0 and 0 s o s 90,

(a) find the value of R and the value of o.
(4)
(b) Hence solve the equation 12 cos x 4 sin x = 7

for 0 s x < 360, giving your answers to one decimal place.
(5)
(c) (i) Write down the minimum value of 12 cos x 4 sin x.
(1)
(ii) Find, to 2 decimal places, the smallest positive value of x for which this minimum value occurs.
(2)

7. (a) Show that (i)
x x
x
sin cos
2 cos
+
cos x sin x, x = (n
4
1
)t, n e ,
(2)
(ii)
2
1
(cos 2x sin 2x) cos
2
x cos x sin x
2
1
.
(3)
(b) Hence, or otherwise, show that the equation cos u
2
1
sin cos
2 cos
=
|
.
|

\
|
+ u u
u

can be written as sin 2u = cos 2u.
(3)
(c) Solve, for 0 s u < 2t, sin 2u = cos 2u, giving your answers in terms of t.
(4)

8. The functions f and g are defined by f : x 2x + ln 2, x e , g : x e
2x
, x e .

(a) Prove that the composite function gf is gf : x 4e
4x
, x e .
(4)
(b) Sketch the curve with equation y = gf(x), and show the coordinates of the point where the curve cuts the y-
axis.
(1)
(c) Write down the range of gf.
(1)
(d) Find the value of x for which
x d
d
(4)

H31123A 7

Core 3 June 06

1. (a) Simplify
1
2 3
2
2

x
x x
.
(3)
(b) Hence, or otherwise, express
1
2 3
2
2

x
x x

) 1 (
1
+ x x
as a single fraction in its simplest form.
(3)

2. Differentiate, with respect to x,

(a) e
3x
+ ln 2x,
(3)
(b)
2
3
) 5 (
2
x + .
(3)

3. Figure 1 shows part of the curve with equation
y = f(x), x e , where f is an increasing
function of x. The curve passes through the
points P(0, 2) and Q(3, 0) as shown.

In separate diagrams, sketch the curve with
equation

(a) y = |f(x)|,
(3)
(b) y = f
1
(x),
(3)
(c) y =
2
1
f(3x).
(3)

Indicate clearly on each sketch the coordinates of the points at which the curve crosses or meets the axes.

H31123A 8
4. A heated metal ball is dropped into a liquid. As the ball cools, its temperature, T C, t minutes after it
enters the liquid, is given by

T = 400e
0.05t
+ 25, t > 0.

(a) Find the temperature of the ball as it enters the liquid.
(1)
(b) Find the value of t for which T = 300, giving your answer to 3 significant figures.
(4)
(c) Find the rate at which the temperature of the ball is decreasing at the instant when t = 50. Give your
answer in C per minute to 3 significant figures.
(3)
(d) From the equation for temperature T in terms of t, given above, explain why the temperature of the
ball can never fall to 20 C.
(1)

5. Figure 2 shows part of the curve with equation
y = (2x 1) tan 2x, 0 s x <
4
t
.

The curve has a minimum at the point P.
The x-coordinate of P is k.

(a) Show that k satisfies the equation
4k + sin 4k 2 = 0.
(6)

The iterative formula
x
n + 1
=
4
1
(2 sin 4x
n
), x
0
= 0.3,

is used to find an approximate value for k.

(b) Calculate the values of x
1
, x
2
, x
3
and x
4
(3)
(c) Show that k = 0.277, correct to 3 significant figures.
(2)

H31123A 9
6. (a) Using sin
2
u + cos
2
u 1, show that the cosec
2
u cot
2
u 1.
(2)
(b) Hence, or otherwise, prove that

cosec
4
u cot
4
u cosec
2
u + cot
2
u.
(2)
(c) Solve, for 90 < u < 180,

cosec
4
u cot
4
u = 2 cot u.
(6)

7. For the constant k, where k > 1, the functions f and g are defined by

f: x ln (x + k), x > k,
g: x |2x k|, x e .

(a) On separate axes, sketch the graph of f and the graph of g.

On each sketch state, in terms of k, the coordinates of points where the graph meets the coordinate axes.
(5)
(b) Write down the range of f.
(1)
(c) Find fg |
.
|

\
|
4
k
(2)

The curve C has equation y = f(x). The tangent to C at the point with x-coordinate 3 is parallel to the line
with equation 9y = 2x + 1.

(d) Find the value of k.
(4)

H31123A 10
8. (a) Given that cos A =
4
3
, where 270 < A < 360, find the exact value of sin 2A.
(5)
(b) (i) Show that cos |
.
|

\
|
+
3
2
t
x + cos |
.
|

\
|

3
2
t
x cos 2x.
(3)
Given that
y = 3 sin
2
x + cos |
.
|

\
|
+
3
2
t
x + cos |
.
|

\
|

3
2
t
x ,
(ii) show that
x
y
d
d
= sin 2x.
(4)

TOTAL FOR PAPER: 75 MARKS

C3 Jan 07

H31123A 11
1. (a) By writing sin 3u as sin (2u + u ), show that

sin 3u = 3 sin u 4 sin
3
u .
(5)
(b) Given that sin u =
4
3 \
, find the exact value of sin 3u .
(2)

2. f(x) = 1
2
3
+ x
+
2
) 2 (
3
+ x
, x = 2.

(a) Show that f(x) =
2
2
) 2 (
1
+
+ +
x
x x
, x = 2.
(4)
(b) Show that x
2
+ x + 1 > 0 for all values of x.
(3)
(c) Show that f(x) > 0 for all values of x, x = 2.
(1)

3. The curve C has equation x = 2 sin y.

(a) Show that the point P |
.
|

\
|
\
4
, 2
t
lies on C.
(1)
(b) Show that
x
y
d
d
=
2
1
\
at P.
(4)
(c) Find an equation of the normal to C at P. Give your answer in the form y = mx + c, where m and c are
exact constants.
(4)

4. (i) The curve C has equation y =
2
9 x
x
+
.

Use calculus to find the coordinates of the turning points of C.
(6)
(ii) Given that y =
2
3
) 1 (
2x
e + , find the value of
x
y
d
d
at x =
2
1
ln 3.
(5)

5. Figure 1

H31123A 12

Figure 1 shows an oscilloscope screen.

The curve on the screen satisfies the equation y = \3 cos x + sin x.

(a) Express the equation of the curve in the form y = R sin (x + o ), where R and o are constants, R > 0
and 0 < o <
2
t
.
(4)
(b) Find the values of x, 0 s x < 2t, for which y = 1.
(4)

y
x

H31123A 13
6. The function f is defined by

f : x ln (4 2x), x < 2 and x e .

(a) Show that the inverse function of f is defined by

f
1
: x 2
2
1
e
x

and write down the domain of f
1
.
(4)
(b) Write down the range of f
1
.
(1)
(c) Sketch the graph of y = f
1
(x). State the coordinates of the points of intersection with the x and y axes.
(4)

The graph of y = x + 2 crosses the graph of y = f
1
(x) at x = k.

The iterative formula

x
n + 1
=
n
x
e
2
1
, x
0
= 0.3,

is used to find an approximate value for k.

(d) Calculate the values of x
1
and x
2
(2)
(e) Find the values of k to 3 decimal places.
(2)

7. f(x) = x
4
4x 8.

(a) Show that there is a root of f(x) = 0 in the interval [2, 1].
(3)

(b) Find the coordinates of the turning point on the graph of y = f(x).
(3)
(c) Given that f(x) = (x 2)(x
3
+ ax
2
+ bx + c), find the values of the constants a, b and c.
(3)
(d) Sketch the graph of y = f(x).
(3)
(e) Hence sketch the graph of y = |f(x)|.
(1)

H31123A 14
8. (i) Prove that
sec
2
x cosec
2
x tan
2
x cot
2
x.
(3)
(ii) Given that
y = arccos x, 1 s x s 1 and 0 s y s t,

(a) express arcsin x in terms of y.
(2)
(b) Hence evaluate arccos x + arcsin x. Give your answer in terms of t.
(1)

TOTAL FOR PAPER: 75 MARKS

H31123A 15
Core 3 June 07

1. Find the exact solutions to the equations

(a) ln x + ln 3 = ln 6,
(2)
(b) e
x
+ 3e
x
= 4.
(4)

2. f(x) =
2
3 2
+
+
x
x

2 3 2
2 9
2
+
+
x x
x
, x >
2
1
.

(a) Show that f (x) =
1 2
6 4

x
x
.
(7)
(b) Hence, or otherwise, find f '(x) in its simplest form.
(3)

3. A curve C has equation y = x
2
e
x
.

(a) Find
x
y
d
d
, using the product rule for differentiation.
(3)
(b) Hence find the coordinates of the turning points of C.
(3)
(c) Find
2
2
d
d
x
y
.
(2)
(d) Determine the nature of each turning point of the curve C.
(2)

H31123A 16
4. f(x) = x
3
+ 3x
2
1.

(a) Show that the equation f(x) = 0 can be rewritten as

x =
|
.
|

\
|
x 3
1
.
(2)
(b) Starting with x
1
= 0.6, use the iteration

x
n + 1
=
|
|
.
|

\
|

n
x 3
1

to calculate the values of x
2
, x
3
and x
4
(2)
(c) Show that x = 0.653 is a root of f(x) = 0 correct to 3 decimal places.
(3)

5. The functions f and g are defined by

f : ln (2x 1), x e , x >
2
1
,

g :
3
2
x
, x e , x = 3.

(a) Find the exact value of fg(4).
(2)
(b) Find the inverse function f
1
(x), stating its domain.
(4)
(c) Sketch the graph of y = |g(x)|. Indicate clearly the equation of the vertical asymptote and the
coordinates of the point at which the graph crosses the y-axis.
(3)
(d) Find the exact values of x for which
3
2
x
= 3.
(3)

H31123A 17
6. (a) Express 3 sin x + 2 cos x in the form R sin (x + ) where R > 0 and 0 < <
2
t
.
(4)
(b) Hence find the greatest value of (3 sin x + 2 cos x)
4
.
(2)
(c) Solve, for 0 < x < 2, the equation

3 sin x + 2 cos x = 1,

(5)

7. (a) Prove that
u
u
cos
sin
+
u
u
sin
cos
= 2 cosec 2u, u = 90n.
(4)
(b) Sketch the graph of y = 2 cosec 2 for 0 < < 360.
(2)
(c) Solve, for 0 < < 360, the equation

u
u
cos
sin
+
u
u
sin
cos
= 3

(6)

H31123A 18
8. The amount of a certain type of drug in the bloodstream t hours after it has been taken is given by the
formula
x =
t -
D
8
1
e ,

where x is the amount of the drug in the bloodstream in milligrams and D is the dose given in milligrams.

A dose of 10 mg of the drug is given.

(a) Find the amount of the drug in the bloodstream 5 hours after the dose is given.
(2)
A second dose of 10 mg is given after 5 hours.

(b) Show that the amount of the drug in the bloodstream 1 hour after the second dose is 13.549 mg to 3
decimal places.
(2)
No more doses of the drug are given. At time T hours after the second dose is given, the amount of the
drug in the bloodstream is 3 mg.

(c) Find the value of T.
(3)

TOTAL FOR PAPER: 75 MARKS

H31123A 19

C3 JAN 08

1. Given that

) 1 (
1 3 2
2
2 4

+ +
x
x x x
(ax
2
+ bx + c) +
) 1 (
2

+
x
e dx
,

find the values of the constants a, b, c, d and e.
(4)

2. A curve C has equation
y = e
2x
tan x, x (2n + 1)
2
t
.

(a) Show that the turning points on C occur where tan x = 1.
(6)
(b) Find an equation of the tangent to C at the point where x = 0.
(2)

3. f(x) = ln (x + 2) x + 1, x > 2, x e .

(a) Show that there is a root of f(x) = 0 in the interval 2 < x < 3.
(2)
(b) Use the iterative formula

x
n + 1
= ln (x
n
+ 2) + 1,
0
x = 2.5,

to calculate the values of
1
x ,
2
x and
3
(3)
(c) Show that x = 2.505 is a root of f(x) = 0 correct to 3 decimal places.
(2)

H31123A 20
4.

Figure 1

Figure 1 shows a sketch of the curve with equation y = f (x).

The curve passes through the origin O and the points A(5, 4) and B(5, 4).

In separate diagrams, sketch the graph with equation

(a) y =|f (x)|,
(3)
(b) y = f (|x|) ,
(3)
(c) y = 2f(x + 1) .
(4)

On each sketch, show the coordinates of the points corresponding to A and B.

H31123A 21
5. The radioactive decay of a substance is given by

R = 1000e
ct
, t > 0.

where R is the number of atoms at time t years and c is a positive constant.

(a) Find the number of atoms when the substance started to decay.
(1)
It takes 5730 years for half of the substance to decay.

(b) Find the value of c to 3 significant figures.
(4)
(c) Calculate the number of atoms that will be left when t = 22 920 .
(2)
(d) Sketch the graph of R against t .
(2)

6. (a) Use the double angle formulae and the identity

cos(A + B) cosA cosB sinA sinB

to obtain an expression for cos 3x in terms of powers of cos x only.
(4)
(b) (i) Prove that
x
x
sin 1
cos
+
+
x
x
cos
sin 1+
2 sec x, x (2n + 1)
2
t
.
(4)
(ii) Hence find, for 0 < x < 2, all the solutions of

x
x
sin 1
cos
+
+
x
x
cos
sin 1+
= 4.
(3)

H31123A 22
7. A curve C has equation

y = 3 sin 2x + 4 cos 2x, s x s .

The point A(0, 4) lies on C.

(a) Find an equation of the normal to the curve C at A.
(5)
(b) Express y in the form R sin(2x + ), where R > 0 and 0 < o <
2
t
.
Give the value of o to 3 significant figures.
(4)
(c) Find the coordinates of the points of intersection of the curve C with the x-axis.
(4)

8. The functions f and g are defined by

f : x 1 2x
3
, x e .

g : x
x
3
4, x > 0, x e .

(a) Find the inverse function f
1
.
(2)
(b) Show that the composite function gf is

gf : x
3
3
2 1
1 8
x
x

.
(4)
(c) Solve gf (x) = 0.
(2)
(d) Use calculus to find the coordinates of the stationary point on the graph of y = gf(x).
(5)

TOTAL FOR PAPER: 75 MARKS

H31123A 23
C3 JUNE 08

1. The point P lies on the curve with equation

y = 4e
2x + 1
.

The y-coordinate of P is 8.

(a) Find, in terms of ln 2, the x-coordinate of P.
(2)
(b) Find the equation of the tangent to the curve at the point P in the form y = ax + b, where a and b are
exact constants to be found.
(4)

2. f(x) = 5 cos x + 12 sin x.

Given that f(x) = R cos (x ), where R > 0 and 0 < <
2
t
,

(a) find the value of R and the value of to 3 decimal places.
(4)
(b) Hence solve the equation

5 cos x + 12 sin x = 6

for 0 s x < 2.
(5)
(c) (i) Write down the maximum value of 5 cos x + 12 sin x.
(1)
(ii) Find the smallest positive value of x for which this maximum value occurs.
(2)

H31123A 24
3.

Figure 1

Figure 1 shows the graph of y = f(x), x e ,

The graph consists of two line segments that meet at the point P.

The graph cuts the y-axis at the point Q and the x-axis at the points (3, 0) and R.

Sketch, on separate diagrams, the graphs of

(a) y = |f(x)|,
(2)
(b) y = f ( x).
(2)
Given that f(x) = 2 |x + 1|,

(c) find the coordinates of the points P, Q and R,
(3)
(d) solve f(x) =
2
1
x.
(5)

H31123A 25
4. The function f is defined by

f: x
3 2
) 1 ( 2
2

x x
x

3
1
x
, x > 3.

(a) Show that f(x) =
1
1
+ x
, x > 3.
(4)
(b) Find the range of f.
(2)
(c) Find f
1
(x). State the domain of this inverse function.
(3)
The function g is defined by

g: x 2x
2
3, x e .

(d) Solve fg(x) =
8
1
.
(3)

5. (a) Given that sin
2
+ cos
2
1, show that 1 + cot
2
cosec
2
.
(2)
(b) Solve, for 0 s < 180, the equation

2 cot
2
9 cosec = 3,

(6)

H31123A 26
6. (a) Differentiate with respect to x,

(i) e
3x
(sin x + 2 cos x),
(3)
(ii) x
3
ln (5x + 2).
(3)
Given that y =
2
2
) 1 (
7 6 3
+
+
x
x x
, x = 1,

(b) show that
x
y
d
d
=
3
) 1 (
20
+ x
.
(5)
(c) Hence find
2
2
d
d
x
y
and the real values of x for which
2
2
d
d
x
y
=
4
15
.
(3)

7. f(x) = 3x
3
2x 6.

(a) Show that f (x) = 0 has a root, , between x = 1.4 and x = 1.45
(2)
(b) Show that the equation f (x) = 0 can be written as

x =
|
.
|

\
|
+
3
2 2
x
, x = 0.
(3)
(c) Starting with
0
x = 1.43, use the iteration

x
n + 1
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
3
2 2
n
x

to calculate the values of
1
x ,
2
x and
3
(3)
(d) By choosing a suitable interval, show that = 1.435 is correct to 3 decimal places.
(3)

TOTAL FOR PAPER: 75 MARKS

H31123A 27
C3 Jan 09
1. (a) Find the value of
x
y
d
d
at the point where x = 2 on the curve with equation
y = x
2
(5x 1).
(6)
(b) Differentiate
2
2 sin
x
x
with respect to x.
(4)

2. f(x) =
3 2
2 2
2

+
x x
x

3
1

+
x
x
.

(a) Express f(x) as a single fraction in its simplest form.
(4)
(b) Hence show that f '(x) =
2
) 3 (
2
x
.
(3)

H31123A 28
3.

Figure 1

Figure 1 shows the graph of y = f (x), 1 < x < 9.

The points T(3, 5) and S(7, 2) are turning points on the graph.

Sketch, on separate diagrams, the graphs of

(a) y = 2f(x) 4,
(3)
(b) y = f(x).
(3)

Indicate on each diagram the coordinates of any turning points on your sketch.

4. Find the equation of the tangent to the curve x = cos (2y + t) at |
.
|

\
|
4
, 0
t
.

Give your answer in the form y = ax + b, where a and b are constants to be found.
(6)

H31123A 29
5. The functions f and g are defined by

f : x 3x + ln x, x > 0, x e ,

g : x
2
e
x
, x e .

(a) Write down the range of g.
(1)
(b) Show that the composite function fg is defined by

fg : x x
2
+
2
3e
x
, x e .
(2)
(c) Write down the range of fg.
(1)
(d) Solve the equation | | ) ( fg
d
d
x
x
= x(
2
e
x
x + 2).
(6)

6. (a) (i) By writing 3 = (2 + ), show that

sin 3 = 3 sin 4 sin
3
.
(4)
(ii) Hence, or otherwise, for 0 < <
3
t
, solve

8 sin
3
6 sin + 1 = 0.

(5)
(b) Using sin ( o) = sin cos o cos sin o, or otherwise, show that

sin 15 =
4
1
(\6 \2).
(4)

H31123A 30
7. f(x) = 3xe
x
1.
The curve with equation y = f(x) has a turning point P.

(a) Find the exact coordinates of P.
(5)

The equation f(x) = 0 has a root between x = 0.25 and x = 0.3.

(b) Use the iterative formula
x
n + 1
=
n
x
e
3
1
.

with
0
x = 0.25 to find, to 4 decimal places, the values of
1
x ,
2
x and
3
x .
(3)
(c) By choosing a suitable interval, show that a root of f(x) = 0 is x = 0.2576 correct to 4 decimal places.
(3)

8. (a) Express 3 cos + 4 sin in the form R cos ( ), where R and are constants, R > 0 and 0 < <
90.
(4)
(b) Hence find the maximum value of 3 cos + 4 sin and the smallest positive value of for which this
maximum occurs.
(3)

The temperature, f(t), of a warehouse is modelled using the equation

f (t) = 10 + 3 cos (15t) + 4 sin (15t),

where t is the time in hours from midday and 0 s t < 24.

(c) Calculate the minimum temperature of the warehouse as given by this model.
(2)
(d) Find the value of t when this minimum temperature occurs.
(3)

TOTAL FOR PAPER: 75 MARKS

N35381A 32
C3 June 09
1.

Figure 1

Figure 1 shows part of the curve with equation y = x
3
+ 2x
2
+ 2, which intersects the x-axis at the point A
where x = .

To find an approximation to , the iterative formula

x
n + 1
=
2
) (
2
n
x
+ 2

is used.

(a) Taking x
0
= 2.5, find the values of x
1
, x
2
, x
3
and x
4
.
(3)
(b) Show that = 2.359 correct to 3 decimal places.
(3)

2. (a) Use the identity cos
2
+ sin
2
= 1 to prove that tan
2
= sec
2
1.
(2)
(b) Solve, for 0 s < 360, the equation

2 tan
2
+ 4 sec + sec
2
= 2.
(6)

N35381A 33
3. Rabbits were introduced onto an island. The number of rabbits, P, t years after they were introduced is
modelled by the equation

P =
t
5
1
e 80 , t e , t > 0.

(a) Write down the number of rabbits that were introduced to the island.
(1)
(b) Find the number of years it would take for the number of rabbits to first exceed 1000.
(2)
(c) Find
t
P
d
d
.
(2)
(d) Find P when
t
P
d
d
= 50.
(3)

4. (i) Differentiate with respect to x

(a) x
2
cos 3x,
(3)
(b)
1
) 1 ln(
2
2
+
+
x
x
.
(4)

(ii) A curve C has the equation
y = (4x+1), x >
4
1
, y > 0.

The point P on the curve has x-coordinate 2. Find an equation of the tangent to C at P in the form ax +
by + c = 0, where a, b and c are integers.
(6)

N35381A 34
5.

Figure 2

Figure 2 shows a sketch of part of the curve with equation y = f(x), x e .

The curve meets the coordinate axes at the points A(0, 1 k) and B(
2
1
ln k, 0), where k is a constant and k
>1, as shown in Figure 2.

On separate diagrams, sketch the curve with equation

(a) y = f|(x)|,
(3)
(b) y = f
1
(x).
(2)

Show on each sketch the coordinates, in terms of k, of each point at which the curve meets or cuts the
axes.

Given that f(x) = e
2x
k,

(c) state the range of f,
(1)
(d) find f
1
(x),
(3)
(e) write down the domain of f
1
.
(1)

N35381A 35
6. (a) Use the identity cos (A + B) = cos A cos B sin A sin B, to show that

cos 2A = 1 2 sin
2
A
(2)

The curves C
1
and C
2
have equations

C
1
: y = 3 sin 2x
C
2
: y = 4 sin
2
x 2 cos 2x

(b) Show that the x-coordinates of the points where C
1
and C
2
intersect satisfy the equation

4 cos 2x + 3 sin 2x = 2
(3)
(c) Express 4cos 2x + 3 sin 2x in the form R cos (2x ), where R > 0 and 0 < < 90, giving the value
of to 2 decimal places.
(3)
(d) Hence find, for 0 s x < 180, all the solutions of

4 cos 2x + 3 sin 2x = 2,

(4)

7. The function f is defined by

f(x) = 1
) 4 (
2
+ x
+
) 4 )( 2 (
8
+

x x
x
, x e , x 4, x 2.

(a) Show that f (x) =
2
3

x
x
.

(5)
The function g is defined by

g(x) =
2 e
3 e

x
x
, x e , x ln 2.

(b) Differentiate g(x) to show that g'(x) =
2
) 2 (e
e

x
x
.
(3)
(c) Find the exact values of x for which g'(x) = 1
(4)

N35381A 36
8. (a) Write down sin 2x in terms of sin x and cos x.
(1)
(b) Find, for 0 < x < , all the solutions of the equation

cosec x 8 cos x = 0.

(5)

TOTAL FOR PAPER: 75 MARKS

N35381A 37
C3 Jan 10
1. Express
3 3
1
2

+
x
x

1 3
1
+ x

as a single fraction in its simplest form.
(4)

2. f(x) = x
3
+ 2x
2
3x 11

(a) Show that f(x) = 0 can be rearranged as x =
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
2
11 3
x
x
, x = 2.
(2)
The equation f(x) = 0 has one positive root .

The iterative formula x
n + 1
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
2
11 3
n
n
x
x
is used to find an approximation to .

(b) Taking
1
x = 0, find, to 3 decimal places, the values of
2
x ,
3
x and
4
x .
(3)
(c) Show that = 2.057 correct to 3 decimal places.
(3)

3. (a) Express 5 cos x 3 sin x in the form R cos(x + ), where R > 0 and 0 < <
2
1
t .
(4)
(b) Hence, or otherwise, solve the equation 5 cos x 3 sin x = 4

for 0 s x < 2t, giving your answers to 2 decimal places.
(5)

4. (i) Given that y =
x
x ) 1 ln(
2
+
, find
x
y
d
d
.
(4)
(ii) Given that x = tan y, show that
x
y
d
d
=
2
1
1
x +
.
(5)

5. Sketch the graph of y = ln ,x,, stating the coordinates of any points of intersection with the axes.
(3)

N35381A 38
6. A sketch of the graph of y = f (x) is shown.

The graph intersects the y-axis at the point (0, 1) and the
point A(2, 3) is the maximum turning point.

Sketch, on separate axes, the graphs of

(i) y = f(x) + 1,

(ii) y = f(x + 2) + 3,

(iii) y = 2f(2x) .

On each sketch, show the coordinates of the point at which your graph intersects the y-axis and the
coordinates of the point to which A is transformed.
(9)

7. (a) By writing sec x as
x cos
1
, show that
x
x
d
) (sec d
= sec x tan x.
(3)
(b) Given that y = e
2x
sec 3x, find
x
y
d
d
.
(4)
The curve with equation y = e
2x
sec 3x,
6
t
< x <
6
t
, has a minimum turning point at (a, b).

(c) Find the values of the constants a and b, giving your answers to 3 significant figures.
(4)

N35381A 39

8. Solve cosec
2
2x cot 2x = 1 for 0 s x s 180.
(7)

9. (i) Find the exact solutions to the equations

(a) ln (3x 7) = 5, (b) 3
x
e
7x + 2
= 15.
(3) (5)
(ii) The functions f and g are defined by

f (x) = e
2x
+ 3, x , g(x) = ln (x 1), x , x > 1.

(a) Find f
1
and state its domain.
(4)
(b) Find fg and state its range.
(3)

TOTAL FOR PAPER: 75 MARKS

N35381A 40
C3 June 10
1. (a) Show that

2 cos 1
2 sin
+
= tan .
(2)
(b) Hence find, for 180 < 180, all the solutions of

2 cos 1
2 sin 2
+
= 1.

(3)

2. A curve C has equation
y =
2
3 5
3
) ( x
, x
3
5
.

The point P on C has x-coordinate 2.

Find an equation of the normal to C at P in the form ax + by + c = 0, where a, b and c are integers.
(7)

3. f(x) = 4 cosec x 4x +1, where x is in radians.

(a) Show that there is a root of f(x) = 0 in the interval [1.2, 1.3].
(2)
(b) Show that the equation f(x) = 0 can be written in the form

x =
x sin
1
+
4
1

(2)
(c) Use the iterative formula
x
n+ 1
=
n
x sin
1
+
4
1
, x
0
= 1.25,

to calculate the values of x
1
, x
2
and x
3
(3)
(d) By considering the change of sign of f(x) in a suitable interval, verify that = 1.291 correct to 3
decimal places.
(2)

N35381A 41
4. The function f is defined by

f : x | |2x 5|, x e .

(a) Sketch the graph with equation y = f(x), showing the coordinates of the points where the graph
cuts or meets the axes.
(2)
(b) Solve f(x) =15 + x.
(3)

The function g is defined by

g : x | x
2
4x + 1, x e , 0 x 5.

(c) Find fg(2).
(2)
(d) Find the range of g.
(3)

N35381A 42
5.

Figure 1

Figure 1 shows a sketch of the curve C with the equation y = (2x
2
5x + 2)e
x
.

(a) Find the coordinates of the point where C crosses the y-axis.
(1)
(b) Show that C crosses the x-axis at x = 2 and find the x-coordinate of the other point where C
crosses the x-axis.
(3)
(c) Find
x
y
d
d
.
(3)
(d) Hence find the exact coordinates of the turning points of C.
(5)

N35381A 43
6.

Figure 2

Figure 2 shows a sketch of the curve with the equation y = f(x), x e .

The curve has a turning point at A(3, 4) and also passes through the point (0, 5).

(a) Write down the coordinates of the point to which A is transformed on the curve with equation

(i) y = |f(x)|,

(ii) y = 2f(
2
1
x).
(4)
(b) Sketch the curve with equation y = f(|x|).

On your sketch show the coordinates of all turning points and the coordinates of the point at which
the curve cuts the y-axis.
(3)

The curve with equation y = f(x) is a translation of the curve with equation y = x
2
.

(c) Find f(x).
(2)
(d) Explain why the function f does not have an inverse.
(1)

N35381A 44
7. (a) Express 2 sin 1.5 cos in the form R sin ( ), where R > 0 and 0 < <
2
t
.

Give the value of to 4 decimal places.
(3)
(b) (i) Find the maximum value of 2 sin 1.5 cos .

(ii) Find the value of , for 0 < , at which this maximum occurs.
(3)

Tom models the height of sea water, H metres, on a particular day by the equation

H = 6 + 2 sin |
.
|

\
|
25
4 t t
1.5 cos |
.
|

\
|
25
4 t t
, 0 t <12,

where t hours is the number of hours after midday.

(c) Calculate the maximum value of H predicted by this model and the value of t, to 2 decimal places,
when this maximum occurs.
(3)
(d) Calculate, to the nearest minute, the times when the height of sea water is predicted, by this model,
to be 7 metres.
(6)

8. (a) Simplify fully
15 2
5 9 2
2
2
+
+
x x
x x
.
(3)

Given that

ln (2x
2
+ 9x 5) = 1 + ln (x
2
+ 2x 15), x 5,

(b) find x in terms of e.
(4)

TOTAL FOR PAPER: 75 MARKS