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Assess the contributions made to popular culture in the region by the following persons:

Caribbean culture is a term that explains the artistic, musical, literary, culinary, political and social elements that are representation of people all over the world. It can be fair to say then that the Caribbean culture is probably one of the most popular cultures in the world. All around the world you have the different nations talking about our vibrant culture. This rich and enticing culture have been made publicly and worldwide because of the contributions of great and aspiring Caribbean persons who have aided in making the Caribbean culture so unique. Ralston Milton Rex Nettleford was born in Falmouth, Jamaica on the 3rd of February 1933. Professor Nettleford was a national patriot, cultural ambassador, international scholar, dancer, teacher, actor, critic and mentor. From his biography one could see that professor Nettle ford was not from a wealthy family and had struggles and hardship but because of his determination and focus on his education, as he was taught that it was the key to success he became an ambassador for his country. He was a recipient of the 1957 Rhodes scholarship to Oriel College, Oxford where he received a postgraduate degree in Politics, and returned to Jamaica in the early 1960s to take up a position at UWI. At UWI he first came to attention as a coauthor (with M. G. Smith and Roy Augier) of a groundbreaking study of the Rastafarian movement in 1961. In 1963 he founded the National Dance Theatre Company of Jamaica, an ensemble which under his direction did much to incorporate traditional Jamaican music and dance into a formal balletic repertoire. For over twenty years, Nettleford has also been the artistic director for the University Singers of the University of the West Indies, Mona campus in Jamaica. The combination of Nettleford as artistic director and Noel Dexter as musical director with the University Singers has seen the creation of what is referred to as "choral theatre". Beginning with the collection of essays, Mirror, Mirror, published in 1969 and his editing and compiling of the speeches and writings of Norman

Manley, Manley and the New Jamaica, in 1971, Nettleford established himself as a serious public historian and social critic. In 1968, he took over direction of the School for Continuing Studies at the UWI and then of the Extra-Mural Department. In 1975, the Jamaican state recognized his cultural and scholarly achievements by awarding him the Order of Merit. In 1996, he became ViceChancellor of the UWI, and held that office until 2004, when he was succeeded by E. Nigel Harris. He later died on Tuesday 2nd of February 2010. Louis Simone Bennett Coverly or Miss Lou, was born September 7, 1919 in Kingston Jamaica. Miss Lou was a Jamaican poet, folklorist, writer and educator. Writing and performing her poems in Jamaican patois or creole, she was instrumental in having this dialect of the people given literary recognition in its own night, located at the heart of the Jamaican poetic tradition. In her poems she was able to capture all the spontaneity of the expression of Jamaicans' joys and sorrows, their ready, poignant and even wicked wit, their religion and their philosophy of life. Her first dialect poem was written when she was fourteen years old. A British Council Scholarship took her to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art where she studied in the late 1940s. Her contribution to Jamaican cultural life was such that she was honored with the M.B.E., the Norman Manley Award for Excellence (in the field of Arts), the Order of Jamaica (1974) the Institute of Jamaica's Musgrave Silver and Gold Medals for distinguished eminence in the field of Arts and Culture, and in 1983 the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Letters from the University of the West Indies. In September 1988 her composition "You're going home now", won a nomination from the Academy of Canadian Cinema ad Television, for the best original song in the movie "Milk and Honey." In 1998 she received the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Letters from York University, Toronto, Canada. The Jamaica Government also appointed her Cultural Ambassador at Large for Jamaica. On Jamaicas independence day 2001, BennettCoverley was appointed as a Member of the Order of Merit for her distinguished contribution to the development of the Arts and Culture. She later died July 26, 2006. Dr. Beryl la Belle Rosette McBurnie was born on November 2, 1915 in Trinidad and Tobago. She was a Trinidadian dance legend. She established the Little Carib Theatre, and promoted the culture and arts of Trinidad and Tobago as her life's

work. McBurnie helped to promote the cultural legitimacy of Trinidad and Tobago that would ultimately arm its people to handle independence psychologically and healthily. McBurnie dedicated her life to dance, becoming one of the greatest influences on modern Trinidadian popular culture. McBurnie trained at the Mausica Teachers' College and started her career teaching in Port-of-Spain. She instead decided to pursue her dream career in folk-dance after touring the country with Trinidad's leading folklorist, Andrew Carr. Many melodies and folk dances that would have been lost to Trinidad and Tobago were rescued by McBurnie and promoted in her dancing. In 1938, she enrolled at Columbia University in New York and studied dance with dance pioneer Martha Graham. She also worked with American modern dancer and choreographer Charles Weidman, African-American choreographer Katharine Dunham, and taught Trinidadian dance at the New Dance Group studio. In 1940, McBurnie enjoyed a brief return to Trinidad. She presented A Trip through the tropics at the Empire Theatre, Port of Spain. McBurnie combined Caribbean and Brazilian dances with interpretations of New York and modern dances, performed to the music of Wagner, Beethoven and Bach, to a packed audience. Her performances sold out. She returned to New York in 1941 and stayed until 1945. In 1941, she danced and sang with Sam Manning and his ensemble, in the production of the only known calypso "soundies," film clips made for film jukeboxes located in restaurants and bars. Performing under the stage name of La Belle Rosette, McBurnie was booked to perform at "coffee concerts" at the Museum of Modern Art by philanthropist Louise Crane, then a young theatrical agent. The poet Hilda Doolittle wrote a very positive review of her "coffee concert" showing. After her "coffee concert" performances, La Belle Rosette performed at the Brooklyn Academy of Music and the 92nd Street Y alongside American dancers Doris Humphrey and Martha Graham. While performing, McBurnie continued to teach at the studio of the New Dance Group where, in 1942, the Trinidadian dancer Pearl Primus was one of her students. In June 1942 McBurnie replaced Carmen Miranda in the hit Broadway musical revue Sons o' Fun at the Winter Garden Theatre. The following year, she made a film appearance with the Trinidadian vocalist Sam Manning in Quarry Road. In 1989, McBurnie received the Trinity Cross, the highest national award in Trinidad and Tobago then, for Promotion of the Arts. She died 30 March 2000.

Paule Marshall was born on April 9, 1929 in Brooklyn to Barbadian parents. Early in her career, she wrote poetry, but later returned to prose. She was chosen by Langston Hughes to accompany him on a world tour in which they both read their work, which was a boon to her career. Marshall has taught at Virginia Commonwealth University, the University of California, Berkeley, the Iowa Writers' Workshop, and Yale University before holding the Helen Gould Sheppard Chair of Literature and Culture at New York University. In 1993 she received an honorary L.H.D. from Bates College. She lives in Richmond, Va. She is a MacArthur Fellow and is a past winner of the Dos Passos Prize for Literature. She was designated as a Literary Lion by the New York Public Library in 1994. Marshall was inducted into the Celebrity Path at the Brooklyn Botanic Garden in 2001. Paule Marshall is without a doubt one of the major and most influential African American writers. She is a pioneer in the exploration of themes such as ageism, sexual harassment, and nuclear proliferation. With a career that spans almost half a century, she continues to garner both critical raves as well as literary success. In 1992 she was awarded the prestigious MacArthur Prize Fellowship for lifetime achievement. Paule Marshall continues to be a writer's writer, both steady and enduring. Aubrey Cummings was born in 1947 and grew up in Albert Town, George Town in Guyana. He was renowned as a Guyanese musician. Aubrey was known for portraits of popular Bajan and International celebrities. He was an Executive member of the Barbados Arts Council and also regaled many visitors and locals on quite a few Sundays at Naniki Restaurant in St Joseph. While hailing from Guyana, Aubrey called Barbados his home for the last 32 years many folk will recall the the band Shade of which he was a part of in the 80s. Aubrey reached as high as 2nd Place in the Caribbean Song Festival. His 2006 cd, Moon over Me, with CRS records, had popular tracks like We have it all, a tribute to Barbados as well as the ballad As I smell the Rain. He was found dead in his car at Haggatt hall, St. Michael Barbados on the evening of April 14, 2010.

Martin Wylde Carter was born on the 7th o June 1927 in George Town, in what was then British Guiana now Guyana. He was a Guyanese poet and political activist. Carter was widely regarded as the greatest Guyanese poet, and one of the most important poets of the Caribbean region. He is best known for his poems of protest, resistance and revolution. He played an active role in Guyanese politics, particularly in the years leading up to independence in 1966 and those following immediately after. Martin Carter was famously imprisoned by the British government in Guyana in October 1953 under allegations of spreading dissension and again in June 1954 for taking part in a PPP procession. In 1992 Carter took part in a Guyanese Writers Tour, in the UK, with Wilson Harris, Fred D'Aguiar and Grace Nichols. In 1993 Carter suffered a stroke and lost the ability to walk and talk. He died on 13 December 1997, survived by his wife and their four children. He was buried at the Place of Heroes in the Botanical Gardens in Georgetown, an honor that had previously been reserved for Heads of State.