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Central Vestibular Pathway

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Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract
DM McKeough 2008

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract

Central Vestibular Pathway


Click name to highlight structure
Primary sensory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Ventral posterior inferior nucleus Ascending MLF Reticular formation Lateral vestibular nucleus Superior vestibular nucleus Inferior vestibular nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Descending MLF Medial vestibulospinal tract

Third-order neurons
Oculomotor nucleus (III) Trochlear nucleus (IV) Abducens nucleus (IV) First-order neurons Vestibular ganglion Vestibular nerve (VIII) Receptors Lateral vestibulospinal tract