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# Fetkovich Transient & Decline Analysis

OFM 2004
Arps Equation for Exponential Decline
( (( ( ) )) )
t D
i
i
e q t q

= == =
Decline Curve - Dimensionless Time
t D t
i dD

Decline Curve - Dimensionless Rate
( (( ( ) )) )
i
dD
q
t q
q
Dimensionless Arps Equation
For exponential decline
dD
t
dD
e q

= == =
Dimensionless - Exponential Decline
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
0.0001 0.001 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 1000
tdD
q
d
D
Dimensionless Arps Equation
Hyperbolic decline
Harmonic decline
( (( ( ) )) )
b 1
dD
dD
bt 1
1
q
+ ++ +
= == =
( (( ( ) )) )
dD
dD
t 1
1
q
+ ++ +
= == =
Dimensionless - Decline Type Curves
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
0.0001 0.001 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 1000
tdD
q
d
D
b=0
b=1 0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
Constant Pressure Production
2
wa t
D
r c
kt 006329 . 0
t

= == =
( (( ( ) )) )
wf i
D
p p kh
qB 2 . 141
q

= == =
wa
e
D
r
r
R = == =
s
w wa
e r r

= == =
Constant Pressure Production
1.E-03
1.E-02
1.E-01
1.E+00
1.E+01
1.E+02
1.E+00 1.E+01 1.E+02 1.E+03 1.E+04 1.E+05 1.E+06 1.E+07 1.E+08
tD
q
D
R=20
R=50
R=1000
R=300 R=100
R=inf.
R=10
Fetkovich Solution
( (( (

( (( (

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\ \\ \
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( (( (
( (( (

( (( (

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\ \\ \
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= == =
2
1
r
r
ln 1
r
r
2
1
t
t
wa
e
2
wa
e
D
dD
( (( (

( (( (

| || |
| || |

| || |

\ \\ \
| || |
= == =
2
1
r
r
ln q q
wa
e
D dD
Fetkovich Solution
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
0.0001 0.001 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 1000
tdD
q
d
D
Fetkovich Type Curve
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
0.0001 0.001 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 1000
tdD
q
d
D
Transient flow Boundary-dominated flow
b=0
b=1
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
RD=10
RD=1E6
20
50
100 300
Dimensionless Variables
( (( (

( (( (

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\ \\ \
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( (( (
( (( (

( (( (

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\ \\ \
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= == =
2
1
r
r
ln 1
r
r
2
1
1
r c
kt 006329 . 0
t
wa
e
2
wa
e
2
wa t
dD
( (( ( ) )) )
( (( (

( (( (

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\ \\ \
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= == =
2
1
r
r
ln
p p kh
qB 2 . 141
q
wa
e
wf i
dD
( (( ( ) )) )
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\ \\ \
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\ \\ \
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\ \\ \
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\ \\ \
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dD wf i dD t
e
q
q
p p h
B 2 . 141
t
t
c
006329 . 0
2 r
Drainage Area and Original Oil-In-Place
43560
r
A
2
e

= == =
( (( ( ) )) )
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\ \\ \
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\ \\ \
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= == =
dD dD wf i t
w
q
q
t
t
p p c
S 1
N
Estimating Permeability and Skin Factor
( (( ( ) )) )
( (( ( ) )) )
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\ \\ \
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\ \\ \
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= == =
dD
D
wf i
q
q
2
1
R ln
p p h
B 2 . 141
k
D
e
wa
R
r
r = == =
| || |
| || |

| || |

\ \\ \
| || |
= == =
wa
w
r
r
ln s
Estimating - Permeability and Skin Factor
( (( ( ) )) )
( (( ( ) )) )
| || |
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| || |

\ \\ \
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\ \\ \
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= == =
dD
D
wf i
q
q
2
1
R ln
p p h
B 2 . 141
k
s
w wa
e r r

= == =
wa
e
D
r
r
R = == =
Applying the Fetkovich Type Curve
Plot rate vs. time on log-log scale
Identify transient and boundary-dominated flow
Move field data plot on type curve
Match field data to type curve
By hand
By Automatic Match
Applying the - Fetkovich Type Curve
OFM
Select a convenient match point
Read the time match point (t
dD
, t)
Read the rate match point (q
dD
, q)
Select the early-time stem R
D
Select the late-time stem b
Applying the Fetkovich Type Curve
Estimate the drainage area and
original oil in place
( (( ( ) )) )
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\ \\ \
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\ \\ \
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\ \\ \
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dD wf i dD t
e
q
q
p p h
B 2 . 141
t
t
c
006329 . 0
2 r
43560
r
A
2
e

= == =
( (( ( ) )) )
| || |
| || |

| || |

\ \\ \
| || |
| || |
| || |

| || |

\ \\ \
| || |

= == =
dD dD wf i t
w
q
q
t
t
p p c
S 1
N
Applying the Fetkovich Type Curve
If R
D
can be estimated from type curve match, estimate
permeability
Estimate apparent wellbore radius and skin factor
( (( ( ) )) )
( (( ( ) )) )
| || |
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| || |

\ \\ \
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| || |

| || |

\ \\ \
| || |

= == =
dD
D
wf i
q
q
2
1
R ln
p p h
B 2 . 141
k
D
e
wa
R
r
r = == =
| || |
| || |

| || |

\ \\ \
| || |
= == =
wa
w
r
r
ln s
Applying the Fetkovich Type Curve
If R
D
cannot be estimated, estimate skin factor from
independent source
Estimate apparent wellbore radius and R
D
Estimate permeability
( (( ( ) )) )
( (( ( ) )) )
| || |
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\ \\ \
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\ \\ \
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= == =
dD
D
wf i
q
q
2
1
R ln
p p h
B 2 . 141
k
s
w wa
e r r

= == =
wa
e
D
r
r
R = == =