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OX

 

 

 

OY

 

V

V

 

OX

OY

= (x o , y o )

=

(x o , y o )

B = 0 AC = 0

a b x y y a x = x y = b b = 2

a

b x

y

y

a b x y y a x = x y = b b = 2 a

a

x = x

y =

b

b = 2a y x 3 = 2a 3 x 2 = ay, y 2 = 2ax xy = 2a 2

= 2 a 3 x 2 = ay, y 2 = 2 ax xy = 2

Ax 2 + Cy 2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0

A C

= 2 a 3 x 2 = ay, y 2 = 2 ax xy = 2

  L F L P F L F L   P = { P |

 

L

F

L

P F L F L

 

P

= { P | d(P, F ) = d(P, L) } .

 

F

L P

P

V P

P

A L V AF

2p = d(F, L) P d(V, F ) = d(V, L) = p

F L

L / / A V F
L
/
/
A
V
F

P F V L P ∈ P P P P P Q P P P QF P QF d(P, F ) = d(P , F)

L B P A V Q F B P
L
B P
A V
Q F
B
P

P

⊥ Q P P P QF P QF d ( P, F ) = d (

d ( P, L ) = d ( Q, L ) = d ( P

d(P, L) = d(Q, L) = d(P , L) BP QA AQP B P ∈ P d(P, F ) = d(P, L) d(P , F) = d(P , L) P ∈ P

OXY

OX

F L

, F ) = d ( P , L ) P ∈ P OXY OX F

P V = (0, 0) F = (p, 0) L : x = p 2p = d(F, L)

P = (x, y) ∈ P

Y L P (p, 0) (−p, 0) V F X
Y
L
P
(p, 0)
(−p, 0)
V
F X

P : y 2 = 4px

⇐⇒

⇐⇒

⇐⇒

⇐⇒

⇐⇒

⇐⇒

d(P, F ) = d(P, L)

(x p) 2 + y 2 = |x + p|

(x p) 2 + y 2 = (x + p) 2

x 2 2px + p 2 + y 2 = x 2 + 2px + p 2

2px + y 2 = 2px

y 2 = 4px

F L

F

= (p, 0) L : x = p 2p = d(F, L)

P = ( x, y ) ∈ P ⇐⇒ d ( P, F ) =

P = (x, y) ∈ P

⇐⇒

d(P, F ) = d(P, L)

⇐⇒

(x + p) 2 + y 2

 

= |x p|

⇐⇒

(x + p) 2 + y 2 = (x p) 2

⇐⇒

x 2 + 2px + p 2 + y 2

= x 2 2px + p 2

 

⇐⇒

2px + y 2 = 2px

⇐⇒

y 2 = 4px

 
Y L P (p, 0) (−p, 0) V F X
Y L
P
(p, 0)
(−p, 0)
V
F
X

P : y 2 = 4px

OY

F L

F

= (0, p) L : y = p 2p = d(F, L)

P = (x, y) ∈ P

⇐⇒ x 2 + (y p) 2 = |y + p| ⇐⇒

x 2 = 4py

Y F (p, 0) P V X L (−p, 0)
Y
F
(p, 0)
P
V
X
L
(−p, 0)

P : x 2 = 4py

Y (p, 0) L V P X F (−p, 0)
Y
(p, 0)
L
V
P X
F
(−p, 0)

P : x 2 = 4py

F L

F

= (0, p) L : y

=

p

2p = d(F, L)

(x, y) ∈ P

x 2 + (y + p) 2 = |y p| ⇐⇒

x 2 = 4py

P

=

: y = p 2 p = d ( F, L ) ( x, y )

P V F = (3 , 0) L : x = − 3 P F

P V F = (3 , 0) L : x = − 3 P F
P V F = (3 , 0) L : x = − 3 P F
P V F = (3 , 0) L : x = − 3 P F

P V F = (3 , 0) L : x = − 3 P F

P V

F = (3, 0)

L : x = 3

P

F = (0, 2) p = d(V, F ) = 2 = OY F L : y = 2 P : x 2 = 8y

F

p = d(V, F ) = 3

: y 2 = 12x

= OX

P (4, 2) V OY F L

P : x 2 = ±4py

p = d(V, F ) > 0

P

P

p = 2 F = (0, 2) L : y = 2 P :

x 2 = 8y

(4, 2)

: x 2

= 4py

16 =

8p

Y L : y=2 2 4 V X P −2 F (4,−2)
Y
L : y=2
2
4
V
X
P
−2
F
(4,−2)

P : x 2 = 8y

P : x 2 = 16y L C

P OY

F

4p = 16

C

C

=

(4, 1)

F

= (0, 4) L : y = 4

C : (x 4) 2 + (y + 1) 2 = r 2

F

= (0, 4) ∈ C 16 + 9 = r 2 r = 5

( x, y ) ∈ C ∩ L ⇐⇒ ( x − 4) 2 +

( x, y ) ∈ C ∩ L ⇐⇒ ( x 4) 2 + (4 + 1) 2 = 5 2 ⇐⇒ (x 4) 2 = 0 ⇐⇒ x = 4 ⇐⇒ (x, y) = (4, 4) L C (4, 4)

Y L : y=4 4 V 4 X (4,−1) −1 P −4 F C
Y
L : y=4
4
V
4
X
(4,−1)
−1
P
−4
F
C

P C L

V = (x o , y o ) OX

P V = (x o , y o ) OX

O X Y O = V = (x o , y o ) O X O Y OX OY

F L

O X Y

P

:

y 2

= 4px

F

(p, 0)

V

=

=

(0, 0)

O Y OX OY F L O X Y P : y 2 = 4 px

L : x = p : y = 0

O Y OX OY F L O X Y P : y 2 = 4 px

x = x + x o y = y + y o P P :

x = x + x o

y = y + y o

P

P : (y y o ) 2 = 4p(x x o )

F = (x o + p, y o )

V =

 

(x o , y o )

L

:

x x o

=

p

Y L Y P y+y o y P V x F y o O X
Y
L
Y
P
y+y o
y
P
V
x
F
y
o
O
X
x
O
o
X
x o −p
x+x o
x o +p

L : x = x o p

: y y o = 0 : y = y o

P : (y y o ) 2 = 4p(x x o )

F L

− y o ) 2 = 4 p ( x − x o ) F L

O X Y

y 2 = 4px

: y = 0
: y = 0

: x = p

x y OXY

F

= (p, 0) V

= (0, 0)

L

P : (y y o ) 2 = 4p(x x o )

F = (x o p, y o )

L : x x o = p

L : x = x o + p

: y = y o

V = (x o , y o )

:

y y o

=

0

Y P Y L P y+y o y x V F y o O X
Y
P
Y
L
P
y+y o
y
x
V
F
y
o
O
X
x
O
o
X
x o −p
x+x o
x o +p

P :

(y y o ) 2 = 4p(x x o )

V = (x o , y o ) OY

O X Y

OX OY

V OY

O = V

= (x o , y o )

O X

O Y

= (x o , y o )

F L F = (x o , y o + p) L : y =
F L
F
= (x o , y o + p)
L : y
= y o − p
: x = x o
(x − x o ) 2 = 4p(y − y o )
Y
Y
Y
Y
P
y o +p
y o +p
F
L
y
y+y o
P
V
y
o
V
x
y
o
x
O
X
O
X
P
y+y o
y
y o −p
L
F
y o −p
P
x
O
o
x+x o
x
X
O
o
x+x o
X
P
: (x − x o ) 2 = 4p(y − y o )
P : (x − x o ) 2 = −4p(y − y o )
F L
F
= (x o , y o − p)
L : y
= y o + p
: x = x o
(x − x o ) 2 = −4p(y − y o )

P V = (3, 4) F = (3, 2)

V

=

(3, 4)

F

=

(3, 2)

:

x

=

3

F V L P : (x 3) 2 = 4p(y 4)

p

d(V, F )

=

2

= L : y

= 6

P : (x 3) 2 = 8(y 4)

Y L:y=6 6 V 4 2 F P O 3 X :x=3
Y
L:y=6
6
V
4
2
F
P
O
3
X
:x=3

P : (x 3) 2 = 8(y 4)

− 3) 2 = − 8( y − 4) Y L:y=6 6 V 4 2 F

B = 0 AC = 0

B = 0 AC = 0

B = 0 AC = 0 P OX 3 , − 1 (0 , 5) (
B = 0 AC = 0 P OX 3 , − 1 (0 , 5) (
B = 0 AC = 0 P OX 3 , − 1 (0 , 5) (

P OX 3 , 1 (0, 5) (6, 7)

P OX P : (y y o ) 2 = ±4p(x x o )

2

P : y 2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0 .

3

D E

+ F

=

1

2

 
 

5E

+ F

=

25

6D 7E

+

F

=

49 .

D = 8 E = 2 F = 15

y 2 + 8x 2y 15 = 0

y 2 2y + 1 = 15 8x + 1

P

4p

OX

P : (y 1) 2 = 8(x 2)

V

=

8

p

= (2, 1) : y = 1

=

2

F

F

= (0, 1) L : x = 4 P

B = 0 AC = 0

V = (x o , y o ) OX (y y o ) 2 = ±4p(x x o ) .

( y − y o ) 2 = ± 4 p ( x − x o

y 2 4px 2y o y + y

2

o

± 4px o = 0 .

Ax 2 + Bxy + Cy 2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0 A = 0 B = 0 C = 1 D = 4p E = 2y o F = y

2

o

± 4px o

V = ( x o , y o ) OY ( x − x o

V = (x o , y o ) OY (x x o ) 2 = ±4p(y y o ) ,

x 2 2x o x 4py + x o

2

± 4py o = 0

Ax 2 + Bxy + Cy 2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0

2

A = 1 B = 0 C = 0 D = 2x o E = 4p F = x o ± 4py o

A = 0 B

= 0 C

= 0

B = 0 C = 0

B = 0 AC = 0

A

= 0

B = 0

 
 

Ax 2 + Cy 2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0.

 

A = 0 C

= 0

OX D

= 0

 

OX D = 0 E 2 4CF

> 0

OX D = 0 E 2 4CF

= 0

D = 0 E 2 4CF

< 0

C OX OY

= 0 A

= 0

A = 0 C

= 0 D

= 0

y 2 + E y + D x + F

C

C

C

= 0.

y +

E

2C 2 + D

C

x + C F

E

2

4C 2 = 0 .

D

= 0

y +

2C 2 = D

E

C

x +

C

D

F

C

E 2

4C

2 ,

D C x + C F − E 2 4 C 2 = 0 . D
D C x + C F − E 2 4 C 2 = 0 . D
D C x + C F − E 2 4 C 2 = 0 . D

D C x + C F − E 2 4 C 2 = 0 . D

B = 0 AC = 0

B = 0 AC = 0

OX

V

= 4C 2 F CE 2 4C 2 D

,

2C .

E

D = 0 Cy 2 + Ey + F = 0

OX

y = E + E 2 4CF

2C

E 2 4CF > 0

OX y = E

2C

E 2 4CF

E 2 4CF < 0

= 0

y = E E 2 4CF

2C

Ax 2 +Cy 2 +Dx+Ey+F = 0 AC = 0

4 CF 2 C Ax 2 + Cy 2 + Dx + Ey + F =
4 CF 2 C Ax 2 + Cy 2 + Dx + Ey + F =
4 CF 2 C Ax 2 + Cy 2 + Dx + Ey + F =

x 2 8y = 0

x 2 = 8y

V = (0, 0)

= OY

2p = 4 (=p = 2)

F = (0, 2)

2y 2 + 5x + 8y 7 = 0

: x = 0

L : y = 2

2(y 2 + 4y) = 5x + 7

⇐⇒

2(y 2 + 4y + 4) = 5x + 7 + 8

⇐⇒

2(y + 2) 2

= 5x + 15

⇐⇒

2(y + 2) 2 = 5(x 3)

⇐⇒

(y + 2) 2 = 5

2 (x 3) ,

⇐⇒ 2( y + 2) 2 = − 5( x − 3) ⇐⇒ ( y +

 

 

V = (3, 2)

 

: y = 2 OX

 

2p = 5 4 (=p =

5

8 )

F = 3

5 8 , 2 = 19 , 2

8

 

L : x = 3 +

8 5 = 29

8

3y 2 + 7y 6 = 0

 

A = B

= D

= 0

49 + 4 × 3 × 6 =

 

121 > 0 y =

7 ± 11

6

y = 3

y =

2

3 OX

 

9x 2 + 42x + 49 = 0

B = C

= E

= 0

42 2 4 × 9 × 49 =

 

1764 1764 = 0 x = 42 18 = 21 OY

9

3y 2 2y + 1 = 0

=

7

 

3

 

A = B

= D = 0

4 12 = 8 < 0

 

 

V

= (2, 1) P

L : x + 2y = 1

(1, 2) ⊥ L (2, 1) : 2xy = 4+1 = 3 A = (x, y) L x y

2x y

x + 2y = 1

= 3

2x y

= 3

2x 4y = 2 .

5y = 5 y = 1 x = 1 2y = 1

V

AF F = 2V A

F

= 2(2, 1) (1, 1) = (3, 3)

P

= (x, y) ∈ P

d(P, F ) = d(P, L)

− 2 , − 1) − ( − 1 , 1) = ( − 3 ,

B = 0 AC = 0

B = 0 AC = 0

⇐⇒

⇐⇒

(x + 3) 2 + (y + 3) 2 2 =

|x + 2y 1|

5

2

= (x + 2y 1) 2

(x + 3) 2 + (y + 3) 2

x 2 + 6x + 9 + y 2 + 6y + 9 =

5 x 2 + 4xy + 4y 2 2x 4y + 1

5

⇐⇒

5x 2 + 30x + 5y 2 + 30y + 90 = x 2 + 4xy + 4y 2 2x 4y + 1

⇐⇒

P : 4x 2 4xy + y 2 + 32x + 34y + 89 = 0 ,

 

L: x+2y=1 Y −2 O X V −1 (−2, −1) P F (−3, −3) P
L: x+2y=1
Y
−2
O
X
V
−1
(−2, −1)
P
F (−3, −3)
P
:−2x+y=3

P : 4x 2 4xy + y 2 + 32x + 34y + 89 = 0

: 4 x 2 − 4 xy + y 2 + 32 x + 34 y
: 4 x 2 − 4 xy + y 2 + 32 x + 34 y
: 4 x 2 − 4 xy + y 2 + 32 x + 34 y

P P ∈ P

P

4 xy + y 2 + 32 x + 34 y + 89 = 0 P

P

r

: y o x 2x o y

x

= x o + mt

y

= y o + nt

, t R ,

=

:

y 2

= 4px

x

o

p

= 0

P = (x o , y o ) ∈ P

r : x = 0 x o = 0

y o x o

= 0

r :

P

P

= (x o , y o )

r

OX n

= 0

r ∩ P P (y o + nt) 2 = 4p(x o + mt) 2
r ∩ P P
(y o + nt) 2 = 4p(x o + mt)
2
⇐⇒
n 2 t 2
+ 2y o nt + y
= 4px o + 4pmt
o
2
⇐⇒
n 2 t 2 + (2y o n − 4pm)t + (y
− 4px o ) = 0
o
⇐⇒
n 2 t 2
+ (2y o n − 4pm)t = 0
⇐⇒
t [n 2 t + (2y o n − 4pm)] =
0 ,
t = 0 P = (x o , y o )
2y o n − 4pm = 0 (m, n) ⊥ (2p, −y o )
2
x o = 0 y o = 0 y
=
4px o
o
(m, n) ⊥ (2p, 0) r
OX
r : x = 0
2
y
o
x o
= 0 y o
= 0 2p =
2x o
2
y
o
(m, n) ⊥
,
−y o (m, n) ⊥ (y o , −2x o )
2x
o
P = (x o , y o ) ∈ r
r
: y o x − 2x o y = −x o y o .
L
Y

P P

r

η P

P P

s F P r η s η

s η P r P V F X
s
η
P
r
P
V
F
X

P : y 2 = 4px

P : y 2 = 4px p > 0

−−→ PF

s (1, 0) r n = (y o , 2x o ) η P P = (x o , y o )

F

= (p, 0)

P

= (p x o , y o )

, − 2 x o ) η P P = ( x o , y o

B = 0 AC = 0

B = 0 AC = 0

θ 1

−−→ PF

n

θ 2

n

(1, 0)

cos θ 1 =

x o y o + py o

y

2

o

+ 4x o (p x o ) 2 + y

2

2

o

cos θ 2 =

x o + p > 0