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By: Bikash Shrestha

By: Bikash Shrestha

By: Bikash Shrestha

This huge growth in Internet use has not only led to increased demand for better, faster technology, but has also increased the demand for addresses from which to send and receive information. This is especially true for developing countries where people are only really starting to use the Internet. IPv6 deployment can solve the problem.

By: Bikash Shrestha

Unforeseen Limitations
Address Space Various unnecessary header fields Variable header fields Fragmentation in Router Addressing Model NAT Broadcast Versus Multicast Quality of Service

By: Bikash Shrestha

IPv6 The next generation Protocol

Expanded addressing capabilities
Size increases from 32 bits to 128 bits This ensure that the IP address wouldnt run out of IP addresses.

A streamlined 40 bytes header

Allows faster processing of the IP datagram

Flow labeling and priority

Has and elusive definition of flow.(according to quality of service or real time service e.g. audio and video transfer)

By: Bikash Shrestha

IPv6 Header Format

Version Traffic class Flow label Payload length Next header Hop limit IP source and destination address

By: Bikash Shrestha

IPv6 Extension Header

IPv6 header Hop-by-Hop Options header Routing header Fragment header Authentication header Encapsulating Security Payload header Upper layer header

By: Bikash Shrestha

IPv6 Extension Header

By: Bikash Shrestha

Address Space Comparison

By: Bikash Shrestha

Every grain of sand on the planet can be IP addressable

By: Bikash Shrestha

Address and Prefix Representation

IP v6 addresses are so much larger than IP v4 addresses that it becomes problematic to use dotted decimal notation. To make address shorter, we use hexadecimal notation e.g.

By: Bikash Shrestha

Zero Suppression and Zero Compression

To keep address size down , leading zeros can be suppressed E.g. 2007:2D9D:DC28:0000:0000:FC57:D4C8:1FFF Can be written as 2007:2D9D:DC28:0:0:FC57:D4C8:1FFF Zero compression allows a single string of contiguous zeros in an IPv6 address to be replaced by double colons Can be written as 2007:2D9D:DC28::FC57:D4C8:1FFF

By: Bikash Shrestha

IPv6 Address Type

Unicast Multicast Anycast

By: Bikash Shrestha

Relation of MAC Address with the IP Address

IP v6 Interface Identifier and Physical Address Mapping

By: Bikash Shrestha

Dual Stack Approach

all routers in the network maintain both IPv4 and IPv6 protocol stacks. Flow Label is not maintained here. Address conversion is done. Need more memory. Security Issues in both IPv4 and IPv6 protocols

By: Bikash Shrestha

End IPv4 address is defined Flow label is maintained IPv6 address is encapsulated in IPv4 packet

By: Bikash Shrestha

IPv6 and Major websites

By: Bikash Shrestha

Thank you