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By: Bikash Shrestha

By: Bikash Shrestha

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By: Bikash Shrestha

Introduction
This huge growth in Internet use has not only led to increased demand for better, faster technology, but has also increased the demand for addresses from which to send and receive information. This is especially true for developing countries where people are only really starting to use the Internet. IPv6 deployment can solve the problem.

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By: Bikash Shrestha

Unforeseen Limitations
Address Space Various unnecessary header fields Variable header fields Fragmentation in Router Addressing Model NAT Broadcast Versus Multicast Quality of Service

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By: Bikash Shrestha

IPv6 The next generation Protocol


Expanded addressing capabilities
Size increases from 32 bits to 128 bits This ensure that the IP address wouldnt run out of IP addresses.

A streamlined 40 bytes header


Allows faster processing of the IP datagram

Flow labeling and priority


Has and elusive definition of flow.(according to quality of service or real time service e.g. audio and video transfer)

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By: Bikash Shrestha

IPv6 Header Format


Version Traffic class Flow label Payload length Next header Hop limit IP source and destination address

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By: Bikash Shrestha

IPv6 Extension Header


IPv6 header Hop-by-Hop Options header Routing header Fragment header Authentication header Encapsulating Security Payload header Upper layer header

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By: Bikash Shrestha

IPv6 Extension Header

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By: Bikash Shrestha

Address Space Comparison

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By: Bikash Shrestha

Every grain of sand on the planet can be IP addressable

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By: Bikash Shrestha

Address and Prefix Representation


IP v6 addresses are so much larger than IP v4 addresses that it becomes problematic to use dotted decimal notation. To make address shorter, we use hexadecimal notation e.g.
2007:2D9D:DC28:0000:0000:FC57:D4C8:1FFF/64

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By: Bikash Shrestha

Zero Suppression and Zero Compression


To keep address size down , leading zeros can be suppressed E.g. 2007:2D9D:DC28:0000:0000:FC57:D4C8:1FFF Can be written as 2007:2D9D:DC28:0:0:FC57:D4C8:1FFF Zero compression allows a single string of contiguous zeros in an IPv6 address to be replaced by double colons Can be written as 2007:2D9D:DC28::FC57:D4C8:1FFF

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By: Bikash Shrestha

IPv6 Address Type


Unicast Multicast Anycast

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By: Bikash Shrestha

Relation of MAC Address with the IP Address

IP v6 Interface Identifier and Physical Address Mapping

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By: Bikash Shrestha

Dual Stack Approach


all routers in the network maintain both IPv4 and IPv6 protocol stacks. Flow Label is not maintained here. Address conversion is done. Need more memory. Security Issues in both IPv4 and IPv6 protocols

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By: Bikash Shrestha

Tunneling
End IPv4 address is defined Flow label is maintained IPv6 address is encapsulated in IPv4 packet

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By: Bikash Shrestha

IPv6 and Major websites

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By: Bikash Shrestha

Thank you