Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 17

Application des aciers Duplex en milieu maritime

Cas des tabliers de vannes du barrage du Couesnon au Mont St Michel

Didier Paul Industeel Le Creusot France

Mont Saint Michel, le barrage sur le Couesnon

ArcelorMittal All rights reserved for all countries Cannot be disclosed, used, or reproduced without prior written specific authorization of ArcelorMittal

2/17

Pour le tablier des vannes :


Corrosion eau de mer + abrasion au niveau du radier 36 t de tles chanfreines et roules en Duplex UR2205: 2900 x 8700 x 10 mm Formation et assistance technique la mise en oeuvre Paimboeuf pour le soudage sur la structure en acier carbone : Consommables
Mise au point des paramtres de soudage Conseils sur le traitement des soudures

ArcelorMittal All rights reserved for all countries Cannot be disclosed, used, or reproduced without prior written specific authorization of ArcelorMittal

3/17

Quest-ce que les aciers Duplex ?


Austno-ferritiques: mlange de ferrite et daustnite

+
Austenite Ferrite

=
Duplex

Une famille de nuances inox hauts Chrome et Azote et bas Nickel


C% UR 2202 UR 2304 UR 2205 UR 2507 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 Cr % 22 23 22 25,5 Ni % 2 4 5,7 7 0.3 3.0 4.0 ~1,5 Mo % Cu % N% 0.20 0.12 0.18 0.25 PREN 25 26 35 40 Equivalent 304L (1.4307) 316L (1.4404) 317L (1.4438) 904L, 6Mo (1.4539, 1.4547)

Lean Standard Super

Composite qui allie les qualits de chacune des phases


ArcelorMittal All rights reserved for all countries Cannot be disclosed, used, or reproduced without prior written specific authorization of ArcelorMittal

4/17

Composite qui allie les qualits de chacune des phases

Rsilience Ductilit Rsistance mcanique Soudabilit Expansion thermique Conductivit thermique Magntisme Corrosion gnralise Piqre Corrosion sous contrainte

Austenitique Duplex Ferritique +++ ++ Tenue aux chocs basse T +++ ++ + Mise en forme + +++ ++ Allgement, Structures ++ ++ + Mise en oeuvre Soudage acier C, omgas + ++ ++ +++ Echangeurs + ++ Chauffage induction ++ ++ ++ ++ + ++ ++ Gros avantage / Austnitique

Temprature demploi entre 50 et +300 C


ArcelorMittal All rights reserved for all countries Cannot be disclosed, used, or reproduced without prior written specific authorization of ArcelorMittal

5/17

Des caractristiques mcaniques trs leves

Limite lastique Rp 0.2% (MPa) 600 500 400 300 200 100 0

UR2507 1.4410 UR2202 1.4062 UR2304 1.4362 316L 1.4404 304L 1.4307 317L 1.4438 904L 1.4539 6Mo UR2205 1.4462

et une alternative aux nuances classiques pour chaque niveau de rsistance la corrosion
ArcelorMittal All rights reserved for all countries Cannot be disclosed, used, or reproduced without prior written specific authorization of ArcelorMittal

6/17

Les caractristiques mcaniques amliorent aussi ...

La corrosion en fatigue

La corrosion abrasion

ArcelorMittal All rights reserved for all countries Cannot be disclosed, used, or reproduced without prior written specific authorization of ArcelorMittal

7/17

Corrosion / Abrasion

Alliages

Rsistance lAbrasion croissante

7
Aciers outils

Co Cr W Mo Fontes au Chrome

6 5 4 3 2 1
Aciers Carbone 500 HB 400 HB 13/4 4003 3Cr 12 17 4 PH 17/7 instables 13/4 Mo 16/5 Mo 304 8000

UR2507 UR2205 UR2304 904L

316

Sche 1

Humide 2

Rsistance la Corrosion croissante

ArcelorMittal All rights reserved for all countries Cannot be disclosed, used, or reproduced without prior written specific authorization of ArcelorMittal

8/17

Une basse teneur en Nickel qui vite les grandes fluctuations de prix
Variations du prix du Nickel et des extras dalliage depuis Mai 2010
2100
4301

30000
4062 Ni

1100
1054 /t
Delta AS 304 vs 2202 Ni

30000 28000

1900 1700

28000 26000
Grade AS difference /t

1000 26000

694 /t
Grade AS /t

24000
Ni price $/t

1500 1300 1100 900


252 /t

900 24000 800 22000 20000 700 18000


Ni price $/t

22000 20000 18000 16000 14000 12000 10000

600
540 /t

700 500
ma iju i 1 0 n-1 ju i 0 ao l-10 t s e -10 ptoc 10 tno 1 0 vd 1 0 c ja n -1 0 v fv -11 ma r-11 rs av 11 r-1 ma 1 iju i 1 1 n-1 ju i 1 ao l-11 t s e -11 pt1 oc 1 tno 1 1 v -1 d 1 c ja n -1 1 vfev 12 ma -1 2 rs av 12 rma 12 iju i 1 2 n-1 ju i 2 ao l-12 t s e -12 ptoc 12 tno 1 2 v -1 2

16000 14000

500
ma iju i 1 0 n-1 ju 0 ao il-10 t s e -10 ptoc 10 tno 1 0 vd 1 0 c ja n -1 0 v fv -11 r ma -11 rs av 11 rma 11 iju i 1 1 n-1 ju i 1 ao l-11 t s e -11 ptoc 11 tno 1 1 vd 1 1 c ja n -1 1 vfev 12 ma -1 2 rs av 12 r-1 ma 2 iju i 1 2 n-1 ju i 2 ao l-12 t s e -12 ptoc 12 tno 1 2 v -1 2

Deux trois fois moins de volatilit avec lUR2202 compar au 304

ArcelorMittal All rights reserved for all countries Cannot be disclosed, used, or reproduced without prior written specific authorization of ArcelorMittal

9/17

Monument Les Braves : Omaha beach

Mai 2006

ArcelorMittal All rights reserved for all countries Cannot be disclosed, used, or reproduced without prior written specific authorization of ArcelorMittal

10/17

Project data

Creation, design and production : Anilore BANON Patron : M et Mme Paul DELORME Operator and owner : Commune de Saint Laurent sur mer Fabrication and installation : CNM (Cherbourg) Structural engineering : Denis Ouvrard et Mitsu Edwards - RFR Characteristics: Weight = 15t, High = 9m, width = 15m Cost : 600000 Materials : 316L : 17.6t (5, 6, 8 and 10mm thick) UR 2205 : 9.3t (10, 15 and 40mm thick) Surface state : grinded Installed in June 2004, first washing passivation in November 2005

ArcelorMittal All rights reserved for all countries Cannot be disclosed, used, or reproduced without prior written specific authorization of ArcelorMittal

11/17

316L vs UR2205
Mai 2006

316L

UR2205

ArcelorMittal All rights reserved for all countries Cannot be disclosed, used, or reproduced without prior written specific authorization of ArcelorMittal

12/17

316L vs UR2205
Mai 2006

316L 316L

UR2205 UR2205

ArcelorMittal All rights reserved for all countries Cannot be disclosed, used, or reproduced without prior written specific authorization of ArcelorMittal

13/17

Quelques ralisations en Duplex

Passerelle des Confluences Lyon UR2205 et UR2202

Arches du pont Piove Di Sacco UR2304

Mmorial Houphouet Boigny Cte dIvoire UR2205

Ministre de la Culture Paris UR2304 Muse LVMH UR2205


ArcelorMittal All rights reserved for all countries Cannot be disclosed, used, or reproduced without prior written specific authorization of ArcelorMittal

Structure des ascenseurs de la Grande Arche de La Dfense UR2205

14/17

Prfabrication

Dcoupage

Poli miroir - Memorial Houphouet


Boigny

Chanfreinage Pliage, formage


ArcelorMittal All rights reserved for all countries Cannot be disclosed, used, or reproduced without prior written specific authorization of ArcelorMittal

15/17

Caractristiques des aciers Duplex


Excellente rsistance la corrosion sous contrainte Excellente rsistance la corrosion par piqre et sous crevasse Haute rsistance la corrosion gnralise dans de nombreux milieux Haute rsistance la corrosion abrasion Haute rsistance la fatigue et la corrosion sous fatigue Haute limite lastique Faible expansion thermique Bonne soudabilit Rduction des cots matire et de maintenance

ArcelorMittal All rights reserved for all countries Cannot be disclosed, used, or reproduced without prior written specific authorization of ArcelorMittal

16/17

Merci de votre attention

ArcelorMittal All rights reserved for all countries Cannot be disclosed, used, or reproduced without prior written specific authorization of ArcelorMittal

17/17