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POWERING THE WORLDS OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY

The Paramo Pump Station for Oleoducto de Crudos Pesados, Ecuador, is equipped with six Wrtsil 12V32 pump sets.
SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN

OCP Marine Terminal Chiquilpe Puerto Quito Paramo

Amazonas Cayagama Sardinas

Wrtsil has supplied equipment for four pumping stations to the Oleoducto de Crudos Pesados (OCP) heavy crude oil pipeline in Ecuador. The total of 22 main pump units pump the heavy crude oil over the Andes mountains to the Pacific coast. Each unit consists of one Wrtsil 12V32 crude-oil-fuelled engine with a horizontal splitcase centrifugal pump and a gearbox speed increaser. 2

Ecuador Pump stations Pressure reduction stations

REFINED POWER SOLUTIONS ONSHORE AND OFFSHORE

Wrtsil is the supplier of heavy-duty diesel and gas engines onshore as well as offshore. Wrtsil engines are true baseload engines designed for continuous duty in severe applications. The extensive engine programme covers unit outputs ranging from 1000 kW (1,360 hp) up to 17.5 MW (23,535 hp). Wrtsil has a portfolio of powerful reciprocating engines with versatile fuelling from natural gas to crude oil with power, efficiency and emission rates superior to other technologies. Today, diesel and gas engines have replaced traditional solutions in power generation and mechanical drives especially within the power range of 1-20 MW. Wrtsil supplies a total factoryengineered package including design, project management, installation and lifecycle support to match the specific needs of your business. For the oil and gas industry Wrtsil provides solutions with an outstanding lifecycle value, fulfilling the most stringent safety and reliability criteria in the world. WHERE THERE IS OIL AND GAS THERE IS WRTSIL The choice of fuel is an important factor when evaluating the reliability, availability and lifecycle cost of power production for oil and gas production and transportation. Traditionally the lifting of the crude was used as a benchmark. Today, the concept of intrinsic value of the fuel has become the determining factor. Whatever fuel is chosen, the Wrtsil power solution can always be switched over to another fuel depending on availability, fluctuating prices or changes in environmental regulations. When fuel supply is insecure or prices are volatile, a gas-diesel or dual-fuel solution will provide total flexibility.

Power generation at Villano oil field, Ecuador. 3

FUEL OFF THE WELL CRUDE OIL, GAS, OR BOTH?


The oil and gas industry has one outstanding advantage. The fuel is right there in the ground. The obvious solution is to use the same crude oil or natural gas to run the engines. Wrtsil engines run smoothly on crude oil and gas or as dualfuel versions for optimum flexibility. The Wrtsil engines offer uncompromised multifuel capability and a fully competitive output/weight ratio, high efficiency and good tolerance to variations in fuel quality. And of course, absolute reliability with no costly downtime or interruptions in power generation during fuel changes. Combining reliability with top performance and outstanding total economy, Wrtsil offers a power solution for every phase of oil and gas exploration, production, transportation and refining, both onshore and offshore. When looking for experience in the design
BLACK SEA Tbilisi Istanbul Ankara PT4 PT3 PT1 PT2 Baku

and engineering of complete power plants, or a reliable partner for your general EPC contractor, or a fast and flexible equipment supplier, Wrtsil is the right partner. Early oil or other fast-track projects with uncompromising quality is a Wrtsil trademark. To sum it up: Wrtsil offers state-of-the art prime movers, complete power, pump and process packages, EPC deliveries and lifetime support solutions to maximize your revenue and to minimize downtime. Consistent delivery of around 4000 MW/ year around the world. On time. Within budget.

CASPIAN SEA

Ceyhan 0 100 200 300 400 500km

MEDITERRANEAN SEA
BTC pipeline with pumping stations.

BTC pumping set, Turkey. 4

Station complex at PT3, BTC, Turkey.

FROM WELLHEAD TO REFINERY FEED A TOTAL SOLUTION WITH GUARANTEED RELIABILITY


Deciding what is the optimum power technology and equipment for any upstream oil and gas operation is a demanding task. What are the extreme ambient conditions? Which fuel is available? What is the load profile? The basic parameters are known today, but they could change during detailed engineering or construction, and certainly just after commissioning! Over the lifetime of an oil field the power demand, crude oil quality and quantity, gas quality and quantity and even the operation and maintenance regime will change. On top of that, the economic impact is huge. Early production is highly valued and downtime is out of the question. Coupled with the strict health and safety regulations and environmental concerns, the choice of prime movers for the power production system has become a key issue for success. Wrtsil has developed a portfolio of prime movers that places top priority on fuel flexibility and environmental compliance. Coupled with conservative loading, strict quality control and a worldwide factory-controlled service organization, a Wrtsil power solution is always a safe choice.

The floating production storage and offloading


(FPSO) vessel Petrojarl 1 has been equipped with two
additional Wrtsil 18V32DF (12.1 MW, 16200 hp)
engines for a new period of operation in the North Sea.
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WRTSIL ENGINE TECHNOLOGY


A reciprocating engine is the most efficient way of converting liquid or gaseous fuels into power. Wrtsil has introduced a wide portfolio of reciprocating engines with modern combustion technology and with a broad range of fuelling options resulting in high shaft efficiency up to 47%. The range covers both gas- and oil-fuelled prime movers with outputs from 1000 kW up to 17 MW. Reliability, high efficiency, environmental friendliness and total economy are the key drivers for Wrtsils activities in the oil and gas industry. This is why Wrtsil has more than 3000 MW in the oil and gas arena, in operation onshore and offshore, all around the globe. WRTSIL 20 POWERSKID Wrtsil packages diesel generating sets as skid-mounted units in the range from 1000 to 1600 kW. We are specialized in customizing power units to fit the special demands and harsh environment of applications in the oil and gas industry. Skid-mounted units are manufactured and designed to meet the strictest quality demands. All units are factory tested before delivery. If the heart fails, nothing works. Man or machine, you rely on it. So be sure that the power pack is powered by Wrtsil. WRTSIL DIESEL ENGINES Besides diesel oil, Wrtsil diesel engines can also run on crude and heavy fuel oils with a viscosity up to 2000 cSt @ 50 C and a sulphur content up to 5%. Wrtsil engines are based on the experience of demanding applications in the power generation, offshore and marine industries. Wrtsil made its first major impact on the power industry with the launch of the heavy-oil-fuelled Wrtsil 32 cm bore engine in the 1970s. Since that time, our customers have purchased more than 6000 of these 32 cm bore engines globally. In a world of increasing fuel prices, a diesel engine designed to use heavy residual fuel or crude oil is the obvious choice. This has convincingly

Wrtsil 20 Powerskid. 6

Station complex at PT1, BTC, Turkey.

Diesel operation Cayagama pumping station, Ecuador.

been demonstrated in the power generation and shipping industry, where steam turbines were the dominant power source before the oil crisis. The Wrtsil crude burning engines tolerate loads down to 20% of rated power; no switching over to diesel oil is necessary at low loads. The crude burning engine can be started and stopped on crude oil no diesel fuel is required other than as back-up fuel.
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Pumping station in Turkey, BTC pipe line, 5 x Wrtsil 18V34SG gas engines as pump drivers

SG operation

Dual-fuel operation

GD operation

WRTSIL SPARK-IGNITED GAS ENGINES Wrtsil SG engines are spark-ignited gas engines built on the sturdy frame of a diesel engine. Gaseous fuel is mixed into the combustion air and into the pre-chamber at a pressure of 5 bar. A spark plug in the prechamber is used to ignite the gas. SG engines have a shaft efficiency up to 46% and the largest SG engine Wrtsil produces today has a unit power of 9000 kW (12,000 hp). WRTSIL DUAL-FUEL ENGINES To generate reliable power from fuel off the well is a demanding task. For this purpose
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Wrtsil has developed two different dual-fuel concepts: the DF (dual-fuel) and the GD (gas diesel) engines. In the DF engines the gaseous fuel is mixed into the combustion air before it enters the combustion chamber. The ignition is accomplished by injecting a small amount of liquid fuel (crude or diesel oil) as pilot fuel. The DF engine can operate in both 100% fuel oil mode and in 99% gas / ~1% fuel oil mode with optimum performance. The DF concept is mainly used in applications where pipeline quality gas with a high methane number is available.

The switch between liquid fuel mode and natural gas mode takes place seamlessly and without interruption to power production. OPERATION ON BOTH ASSOCIATED GAS AND CRUDE OIL In the gas-diesel (GD) engine the gaseous fuel is injected directly into the combustion chamber at a pressure of 350 bar. Pilot fuel oil (5%) is needed to ignite the main combustion. The GD engine can run in either 95% gas / 3% liquid fuel mode or in 100% liquid fuel mode, as well as any other gas-to-liquid fuel ratio in between.

THE TOTAL SERVICE PROVIDER


Wrtsil is committed to keeping your investment productive and profitable throughout its lifecycle. More than 6000 service professionals employed by Wrtsil and over 60 Wrtsil owned service centres worldwide guarantee outstanding field service support and off-the shelf spare parts supply wherever the plant is located. Wrtsils total service commitment means more than just providing a prompt supply of parts or sending a maintenance specialist to fix a problem. It means taking responsibility. Depending on the level of partnership required, a service package can be tailored from round-the-clock technical support and original parts deliveries to a comprehensive operation and maintenance partnership on a day-to-day basis. The committed operation and maintenance of power installations with 2000 MW of installed power makes Wrtsil the largest diesel engine power plant operator in the world. Additionally a Condition Based Maintenance (CBM) services can be provided, which is based on remote monitoring of the units from CBM-centre in Wrtsil factory. Personnel of the operator are trained by the Wrtsil Land & Sea Academy (WLSA). This global network of training centres, with highly qualified personnel and state-of-the-art remote learning systems, delivers a thorough understanding of how to optimize the safety, reliability and performance of the installation. Wrtsil helps you to get the best from your personnel and your installation.

PRIME MOVERS FOR THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY


Wrtsil power solutions are based on proven Wrtsil engines, tuned to meet the special needs of power generation, gas compression and pumping applications in the oil and gas industry. Wrtsil prime movers are designed to run on various liquid and gaseous fuels. The main component is a complete factory-engineered and factory-assembled power train with the engine and alternator or, in the case of pipeline application, a gearbox and pump or a compressor, all mounted on a baseframe. Wrtsil can offer complete string testing of the finished unit. Fuel treatment systems, cooling systems, control panels, automation systems, and other supporting systems needed for the complete installation, are engineered as pretested factory modules, which minimizes field installation and secures quality and functionality. All technical solutions, manufacturing, test procedures and products comply with the ISO 9001 quality system accredited by Det Norske Veritas (DNV). If specified, the design can also comply with relevant standards of the American Petroleum Institute (API). The Wrtsil prime movers offer flexibility and uncompromising long-term performance in extremely challenging conditions where other technologies lose efficiency and output from the extreme high altitudes and blistering hot and dry conditions of the worlds most unforgiving deserts, to the freezing cold of the arctic tundra. Since the environment is one of todays major concerns, an equipment investment must meet current and future demands. Wrtsil plants meet World Bank environmental guidelines for thermal power plants. Wrtsil also has extensive experience and expertise to support the preparation of environmental impact studies. Over the past 30 years Wrtsil has installed a total of 32 GW of power in nearly 4000 power plant projects in more than 140 countries. And there is plenty more to come!

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PUMP DRIVES

LIQUID FUEL ENGINES


Wrtsil 20
Shaft power Shaft power Heat rate Shaft efficiency Technical data 1000 rpm kW hp kJ/kWh % 6L20 1080 1450 8170 44.0 8L20 1440 1930 8170 44.0 9L20 1620 2170 8170 44.0

WRTSIL ENGINES AS MECHANICAL DRIVES


Multifuel (LFO, HFO, CRO) Wrtsil 20, 6-9 cyl. Wrtsil 32, 6-20 cyl. Wrtsil 46, 9-16 cyl. Dual-fuel (natural gas/liquid fuel) Wrtsil 34DF, 9-20 cyl. Dual-fuel (associated gas/liquid fuel) Wrtsil 32GD, 6-20 cyl. Gas Wrtsil 34SG, 9, 16 and 20 cyl. MW 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 BHP 0 5000 10,000 15,000 20,000

Technical data is based on mechanical output at shaft, including engine-driven pumps, ISO conditions and LHV. Tolerance 5%.

Wrtsil 32
Technical data Shaft power Shaft power Heat rate Shaft efficiency 750 rpm kW hp kJ/kWh % 6L32 2760 3700 7849 45.9 8L32 3680 4930 7849 45.9 9L32 4140 5550 7849 45.9 12V32 16V32 18V32 20V32 5520 7400 7686 46.8 7360 9870 7686 46.8 8280 11100 7686 46.8 9200 12337 7565 47.6

Technical data is based on mechanical output at shaft, including engine-driven pumps, ISO conditions and LHV. Tolerance 5%.

Wrtsil 46
Technical data Shaft power Shaft power Heat rate Shaft efficiency 500 rpm kW hp kJ/kWh % 9L46 8775 11770 7442 48.4 12V46 11700 15690 7442 48.4 16V46 15600 20920 7442 48.4

Technical data is based on mechanical output at shaft, including engine-driven pumps, ISO conditions and LHV. Tolerance 5%.

COMPRESSOR DRIVES

GAS ENGINES
Wrtsil 34SG
Technical data Shaft power Shaft power Heat rate Shaft efficiency 750 rpm kW hp kJ/kWh % 9L34SG 4050 5430 7771 46.3 16V34SG 7200 9655 7771 46.3 20V34SG 9000 12069 7771 46.3

GAS ENGINES
Wrtsil 34SG
Technical data Shaft power Shaft power Heat rate Shaft efficiency 750 rpm kW hp kJ/kWh % 9L34SG 4050 5431 7502 48.0 16V34SG 7200 9655 7502 48.0 20V34SG 9000 12069 7502 48.0

Technical data is based on mechanical output at shaft, including engine-driven pumps, ISO conditions and LHV. Tolerance 5%. Methane number > 80.

Technical data is based on mechanical output at shaft, including engine-driven pumps, ISO conditions and LHV. Tolerance 5 %. Methane number > 80.

DUAL-FUEL ENGINES
Wrtsil 34DF
Technical data Shaft power Shaft power Heat rate Shaft efficiency 750 rpm kW hp kJ/kWh % 9L34DF 4050 5431 7790 (7877)* 46.2 (45.7)* 16V34DF 7200 9655 7790 (7877)* 46.2 (45.7)* 20V34DF 9000 12069 7790 (7877)* 46.2 (45.7)*

DUAL-FUEL ENGINES
Wrtsil 32GD
Technical data Shaft power Shaft power Heat rate Shaft efficiency 750 rpm kW hp kJ/kWh % 6L32GD 2520 3378 7912 (7580)* 45.5 (47.5)* 8L32GD 3360 4504 7912 (7580)* 45.5 (47.5)* 9L32GD 3780 5067 7912 (7580)* 45.5 (47.5)*

Technical data is based on mechanical output at shaft, including engine-driven pumps, ISO conditions and LHV.
Heat rates and shaft efficiencies with a tolerance of 5% in gas mode. Methane number > 80. * In liquid mode.

Technical data is based on mechanical output at shaft, including engine-driven pumps, ISO conditions and LHV > 36 HJ/m3. Tolerance 5%. Gas pressure at engine inlet 350 bar. * In liquid mode.

Wrtsil 32GD
Technical data Shaft power Shaft power Heat rate Shaft efficiency 750 rpm kW hp kJ/kWh % 6L32GD 2520 3378 7912 (7580)* 45.5 (47.5)* 8L32GD 3360 4504 7912 (7580)* 45.5 (47.5)* 9L32GD 3780 5067 7912 (7580)* 45.5 (47.5)*

Wrtsil 32GD
Technical data Shaft power Shaft power Heat rate Shaft efficiency 750 rpm kW hp kJ/kWh % 12V32GD 5040 6757 7912 (7580)* 45.5 (47.5)* 16V32GD 6720 9009 7912 (7580)* 45.5 (47.5)* 18V32GD 7560 10135 7912 (7580)* 45.5 (47.5)* 20V32GD 8400 11261 7912 (7580)* 45.5 (47.5)*

Technical data is based on mechanical output at shaft, including engine-driven pumps, ISO conditions and LHV > 36 HJ/m3. Tolerance 5%. Gas pressure at engine inlet 350 bar. * In liquid mode.

Technical data is based on mechanical output at shaft, including engine-driven pumps, ISO conditions and LHV > 36 HJ/m3. Tolerance 5%. Gas pressure at engine inlet 350 bar. * In liquid mode.

Wrtsil 32GD
Technical data Shaft power Shaft power Heat rate Shaft efficiency 750 rpm kW hp kJ/kWh % 12V32GD 5040 6757 7912 (7580)* 45.5 (47.5)* 16V32GD 6720 9009 7912 (7580)* 45.5 (47.5)* 18V32GD 7560 10135 7912 (7580)* 45.5 (47.5)* 20V32GD 8400 11261 7912 (7580)* 45.5 (47.5)*

Technical data is based on mechanical output at shaft, including engine-driven pumps, ISO conditions and LHV > 36 HJ/m3. Tolerance 5%. Gas pressure at engine inlet 350 bar. * In liquid mode.

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Wrtsil enhances the business of its customers by providing them with complete lifecycle power solutions. When creating better and environmentally compatible technologies, Wrtsil focuses on the marine and energy markets with products and solutions as well as services. Through innovative products and services, Wrtsil sets out to be the most valued business partner of all its customers. This is achieved by the dedication of more than 17,000 professionals manning 160 Wrtsil locations in 70 countries around the world. Wrtsil is listed on The Nordic Exchange in Helsinki, Finland.

WRTSIL is a registered trademark. Copyright 2008 Wrtsil Corporation.

09.2008 / Bocks Office / Litoset