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Sail on LNG

reduce emission at the source

AHN BYUNG SAM


SALES GENERAL MANAGER Wrtsil Ship Power, 13 June 2011

Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Until now..

Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

From now on.

Established Emissions Controlled Areas Emissions Controlled Areas under consideration Shipping critical points

Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Factor Trends: Environment


Doomsday pictures painted by
United Nations Environmental Programme World Wildlife Fund International Union for Conservation of Nature

Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Factor trends: Environment

LOCAL

LOCAL

NOx
LOCAL

Acid rains Tier II (2011) Tier III (2016)

SOx
GLOBAL

Acid rains Sulphur content in fuel

Particulate matter

Direct impact on humans Locally regulated

CO2

Greenhouse effect Under evaluation by IMO

Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Factor Trends: Technology

Nuclear power Proven record, technology exist Ice breaker Lenin 1957 (30 years) Toshiba, 30MW/30yr

Fuel Cells Developing, commercial soon Hydrogen supply; make it green? Nuclear power to produce Hydrogen

Solar power Solar Sailor agreement with COSCO Will be fitted to tankers and bulkers Claiming 20-40% fuel cost savings

Wind energy K.E. Hansen 50.000dwt ship Up to 50% fuel saving Wind energy Flettner Rotor, Cousteau 35% saving
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Wind energy SkySails GmbH & Co. ~35% savings

High cost need +10% freight rate

We see only two alternatives

exhaust gas treatment technologies

or
Switch to LNG

Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Otto or Diesel cycles: effects on NOX

Nikolaus August Otto

Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel

Flame front propagation Controlled NOX formation

Temperature peaks High NOX formation

Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Select the right technology


DUAL-FUEL (DF)
*** * ** * ** * *
GAS INJECTION

Meets IMO Tier III

** *** * ** * *** ** * *
GAS INJECTION

SPARK-IGNITION GAS (SG)


Meets IMO Tier III
No redundancy No HFO flexibility

GAS-DIESEL (GD)
* * Does NOT meet IMO Tier III
High gas pressure
GAS INJECTION

Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Otto or Diesel cycles: effects on NOX

Big temperature difference NOx formation!

Diesel, max flame temp. Otto, max flame temp.


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Gas burning technologies


GAS-DIESEL (GD) DUAL FUEL (DF)

1987

1992

1995

SPARK-IGNITION GAS (SG)

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Gas engine characteristics

Gas-Diesel Duel-Fuel Spark-Ignited

Diesel Combustion
(Diffusion Combustion)

Otto Combustion
(Premixed Combustion)

Otto Combustion
(Premixed Combustion)

+ Not knock sensitive, fuel MN not an issue + Low THC, CO + High load acceptance - No Tier III (NOx) solution as is

+ Tier III (NOx) solution + Higher ignition energy than spark plug + High efficiency (in gas mode) - Fuel sensitive (knocking), MN>70 no derating - High THC, CO - Lower load acceptance

+ Tier III (NOx) solution + No additional fuel beside gas + High efficiency - Fuel sensitive (knocking), MN>70 no derating - High THC, CO - Lower load acceptance - No back-up fuel

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Wartsilas choice

DUAL-FUEL (DF)

*** * ** * ** * *
GAS INJECTION

Meets IMO Tier III

1 2 3

IMO Tier III compliant Low pressure gas Fuel flexibility; GAS, MDO and HFO

By the LNG we can obtain 25-30% lower CO2 85-90% lower NOX, Lean burn concept (high air-fuel ratio) No SOX emissions, Sulphur is removed from fuel when liquefied Very low particulate emissions No visible smoke, No sludge deposits
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Gas Engine Operating Window

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Optimised cylinder load balancing

Engine control and cylinder load balancing based on accelerometers or cylinder pressure sensors

Reliable knock detection Misfire detection Maximum cylinder pressure control (pressure sensors)
18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 2.2 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 2.2

B MEP (b ar )

Ai r -f u el r at i o 15 Wrtsil Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

B MEP (b ar )

Ai r -f u el r at i o

DF conversion Parts which will be exchanged

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

DF conversion Components added on the engine

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Wrtsil gas engine portfolio conversions included

1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2012

W20DF

GD = Gas Diesel engine SG = Spark Ignited Gas engine DF = Dual Fuel engine

W50SG W34DF W20V34SG W50DF

W180SG W220SG W32DF W28SG W34SG W25SG W46GD W32GD

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Dual-Fuel Engine Portfolio


20DF 6L20DF 1.0 MW 8L20DF 9L20DF

34DF

6L34DF 9L34DF 12V34DF 16V34DF 20V34DF

50DF

6L50DF 8L50DF 9L50DF 12V50DF 16V50DF 18V50DF 0 5 10 15 17.55 MW

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

and: 2 stroke Gas Engines

New Gas Test Engine in Trieste Time schedule: May 2011: Start-up and commissioning (on HFO) June 2011: one cylinder converted to gas injection July/August 2011: Gas Testing Q3/2011 Q1/2013: Industrialisation(final design, optimisation tests, validation) Q4/2011: Market release Q4/2012: Pilot engine release 2014: first sailing

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

and: 2 stroke Gas Engines

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

The challenge vessel operators are facing

LNG

HFO

HFO HFO HFO LNG ?

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Vessel operating principles

Switch to LNG

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

LNG storage alternatives

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

LNG storage alternatives, fixed and containerized

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

TARBIT conversion PROJECT


Vessel delivery date Vessel typology Owner Ship Builder Flag Class 17.09.2007 25'000 dwt Chemical tanker Tarbit Shipping AB Shanghai Edward Shipbuilding Co Ltd Sweden Germanischer Lloyd

DWT GT Displacement Length p.p. Length o.a. Keel to Mast Height Draught Breadth Extreme Breadth Moulded Speed

24783 17757 33788 166.99 177.02 44.85 9.7 26.3 26 16

ton ton ton m m m m m m kn

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

TARBIT conversion PROJECT


LNG fuel tanks

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Scope of conversion

Scope of supply: Ship Design Engine conversion LNGPac system (2 x 500m3) Gas valve units in enclosure Torque meter for power measurement Bunkering stations Gas piping (single and double walled) Exhaust system upgrade Fire-fighting upgrade Gas detection system extension Electrical system

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Positioning of equipment

Gas feed pipe

Tank room

LNG storage tank

Auxiliary equipment installed in


dedicated compartment

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Positioning of equipment Ventilation duct

Gas

GVU

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

The conversion a starting point of a new area

First Dual-Fuel engine marine conversion

First Dual-Fuel engine in Mechanical drive application

First Gas Valve Unit in enclosure

First LNGPac delivered by Wrtsil

First Dual-Fuel single main engine approval

LNG LNGPac

LNG LNGPac

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Solutions for LNG powered vessels


LNGPac: a complete and modularized solution for LNG fuelled ships

A. Storage tanks B. Evaporators C. Dual-Fuel Main engine D. Dual-Fuel Aux engines E. Bunkering station(s) F. Integrated control system ( incl. gas detection system)
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A C

Normal operation

1. The stop valve and master valve are opened (double block valves with bleed in between) 2. LNG is forced through the product evaporator by the tank pressure and instantly evaporated. Gas flows to the GVU
Stop valve and master valve

Product evaporator

Glycol/water mixture
M1 G1 M2

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Bunkering LNG on tanker and truck

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Dual-Fuel applications - References

Power Plants

Merchant

Offshore

Cruise and Ferry

Navy

DF Power Plant 49 installations 155 engines Online since1997

LNGC 68 vessels 254 engines 950000 rh Conversion 1 Chem. Tanker 2 engines conv. Complete gas train Complete design

PSVs/FPSOs 22 vessels 78 engines Online from 1994

DF Power Plant 1+1 vessels 4 engines per vessels Complete gas train 2800 passengers In service in 2013

Costal Patrol Coming

4 segments 140 installations > 1500000 running hours

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power

Thank you!

www.wartsila.com Byungsam.ahn@wartsila.com

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Wrtsil

Sailing on LNG Byung Sam Ahn, Wrtsil Ship Power