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Wartsila Gas Era Leadership

Lloyds Cross Industry Seminar LNG As Fuel Vancouver, BC 22 June 2011

Presenter John Hatley PE Americas VP Ship Power Wartsila North America Cell 281 221 4209 john.hatley@wartsila.com

Solutions Provider with Extensive Product Portfolio

Wartsila is a system integrator


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Agenda

What ?

Environment & Health Game Changer Emissions Areas How Gas engines work

Why ?

LNG System Fundamentals LNG Bunkering Procedures

How ?

20 Years Real Experience LNG Tanker Retrofit LNG Newbuild Ferry

Conclusions

Chart Course for Gas

Agenda

What ?

Environment & Health Game Changer Emissions Areas How Gas engines work

Why ?

LNG System Fundamentals LNG Bunkering Procedures

How ?

20 Years Real Experience LNG Tanker Retrofit LNG Newbuild Ferry

Conclusions

Chart Course for Gas

Emissions, Environment, & Health

CO2
Greenhouse Gas

NOx
Ozone

SOx
Sulfur Oxide

PM
Particulate Matter

Carbon Dioxide Nitrogen Oxide

Respiratory

Carcinogen

Today and onward

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North American Emission Control Area ECA


Joint Proposal US, Canada March 2009: 200 nm off coasts France co-proposed Islands off Newfoundland Target: Nitrogen Oxides N0x, Sulfur Oxides S0x, Particulate Matter PM Enforceable August 2012 2010 July Fuel Sulfur 1.0% (10,000 ppm) targets PM, S0x reduction 2015 Fuel Sulfur 0.1% ( 1,000 ppm ) 2016 New Engines operating these areas must use emissions controls targets achieving 80% reduction in N0x ECA encapsulates US & Canada, any flag, low sulfur fuel switching or exhaust cleaning devices enforceable August 2012
Source: US EPA, Designation of North American Emission Control Area to Reduce Emissions from Ships
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N0x Effects of Otto / Diesel Cycles

Thermodynamic fundamentals of different cycles different results


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N0x Impacts of Diesel vs. Otto Cycle


C0 Elevated temperature increases N0x as N0x is exponentially dependent on temperature

Diesel cycle more efficient with greater peak temperatures than Otto, however this elevates N0x why not use best of both
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Dual Fuel Engine Basics

Source: DNV 10 November 2010 adaption by JFH

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Spark Gas Engine Basics

Source: DNV 10 November 2010 adaption by JFH

Wartsila spans gas engine market dual fuel low pressure with pilot fuel or high pressure gas engines; also spark ignited SG
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Dual Fuel Engine Otto & Diesel Operating Modes

Gas Otto mode inside emissions sensitive coasts and port areas Diesel mode when international for efficient long range capability
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The DF vessel concept


The DF engines provide safety and redundancy, inherent reliability of the diesel engine allows a simple installation

Single gas tank and gas feed system allowed

No duplicate (diesel) gensets for main propulsion

LNG

MDO

Wrtsil Mika

IMO Operational Flexibility


No SCR unit, Gas IMO Tier III compliant No SOx Scrubber, Gas @ 0% Sulfur

HFO flexibility savings and retores range when outside ECA

MDO as backup fuel

LNG

MDO

Optimize Operations: DF on gas navigating inside ECA for low cost emissions compliance; switch to HFO outside ECA to preserve vessel range and retain savings
Wrtsil Mika

Agenda

What ?

Environment & Health Game Changer Emissions Areas How Gas engines work

Why ?

LNG System Fundamentals LNG Bunkering Procedures

How ?

20 Years Real Experience LNG Tanker Retrofit LNG Newbuild Ferry

Conclusions

Chart Course for Gas

Bunkering procedure
Bunkering Station 1. Collapse the gas pressure in the tank 2. Open the main filling line 3. Inert the piping with N2 (NOT shown) 4. Close the filling line valves To engines

Glycol/water mixture

Bar(g)

8 5 2 Time

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LNGPac Customers Presentation

Tank pressure increase


1. Open pressure control valve 2. LNG flow by the hydrostatic pressure into the vaporizer 3. LNG is vaporized and gas is returned to the tank To engines PBU

Glycol/water mixture

Bar(g)

8 5 2 Time

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LNGPac Customers Presentation

Normal operation

1. The stop valve and master valve are opened (double block valves with bleed in between) 2. LNG is forced by the tank pressure through the product evaporator and instantly evaporated. Gas flows to the GVU
Stop valve and master valve

Product evaporator

Glycol/water mixture
M1 G1 M2

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LNGPac Customers Presentation

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Viking Energy 2003 in Operation

LNG tank 220 m

6L32DF 4 x 2010 kW

Viking Energy Cyrogenic LNG Tank

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Bunkering of LNG

VIKING ENERGY

Engine control room screen; LNG system schematic


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VIKING ENERGY Bunker Procedures

8 years weekly LNG filling by onboard crew, 400 + transfers, no incidents


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Todays Land Gas Supply Chain

Its real and here weekly delivery truck dockside fuels vessel simple fast logistic supply chain

Dockside Filling

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Agenda

What ?

Environment & Health Game Changer Emissions Areas How Gas engines work

Why ?

LNG System Fundamentals LNG Bunkering Procedures

How ?

20 Years Real Experience LNG Tanker Retrofit LNG Newbuild Ferry

Conclusions

Chart Course for Gas

Packaged Gas Solution

1. Fueling Station 2. Gas Storage 3. Evaporators 4. Gas valve unit enclosure 5. Dual-Fuel Main engine 6. Dual-Fuel Aux engines

1 4 6 5 3 2

Designed and delivered complete package compatible solutions minimize installation or operational risk for assured performance
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20 Years Experience Wrtsil gas engines


1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007
W34DF W20V34SG

2011
W20DF

GD = Gas Diesel engine SG = Spark Ignited Gas engine DF = Dual Fuel engine

W50DF W180SG W220SG W32DF

W28SG W34SG W25SG W46GD W32GD

Its real, its here now; time tested clean natural gas engines in many demanding marine and land based utility power projects

Dual-Fuel Natural Gas Engines


20DF 6L20DF 1.0 MW 8L20DF 9L20DF

34DF

6L34DF 9L34DF 12V34DF 16V34DF 20V34DF

50DF

6L50DF 8L50DF 9L50DF 12V50DF 16V50DF 18V50DF 0 5

Father & grandson power range targets emissions sensitive ECA coast and port area vessels

17.55 MW
10 15

TARBIT PROJECT
Vessel delivery date Vessel typology Owner Ship Builder Flag Class 17.09.2007 25'000 dwt Chemical tanker Tarbit Shipping AB Shanghai Edward Shipbuilding Co Ltd Sweden Germanischer Lloyd LNG Tanks 2 @ 500m3

20 May 2011

DWT GT Displacement Length p.p. Length o.a. Keel To Mast Height Draught Breadth Extreme Breadth Moulded Speed

24783 ton 17757 ton 33788 ton 166.99 m 177.02 m 44.85 m 9.7 m 26.3 m 26 m 16 kn

First LNG Retrofit

TODAY
CPP

2 x W6L46B 5850 kW each


WRTSIL 8L20 1200 kW

PTO 1500 kW

Tomorrow
2 x 6LW50DF 5700 kW each
Wrtsil Mika

Many firsts
First Dual-Fuel engine in Mechanical drive application First LNGPac delivered by Wrtsil First Gas Valve Unit in enclosure

First Dual-Fuel engine marine conversion

First Dual-Fuel single main engine approval

LNGPac LNG

Scope of conversion Scope of supply


Ship Design Engine conversion Gas tanks; LNGPac system (2 x 500m 3) Gas piping (single and double walled) Bunkering system Gas supply units Torque meter for power measurement Exhaust system Fire-fighting upgrade Gas detection system Electrical system

Additional
NOx measurement during sea trial DF and LNGPac training for personnel

Wrtsil Mika

Viking Line 2800 Pax Cruise Ferry


2 LNGpac Tanks @200m3 each Main particulars: Overall length: 214.0 m Breadth, moulded: 31.8 m Cruising speed 22 knots Passengers: 2800 Class: LR Ice class: 1A In service: 2013 Shipyard: STX Finland Oy Ship Owner: Viking Line

The worlds most environmentally sound and energy efficient large passenger vessel
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Viking Line Wartsila Integrated Supply Scope


Main Engines: 4 x Wrtsil 8L50DF (DE) Total output: 4 x 7600 kW GVU enclosure Bow Thruster LNGPac 200 2 @ 200 m3 Integrated tank and aux. rooms Bunkering system, Safety systems Cold recovery for HVAC Stern Thruster 2 x 2 300 kW 1 x 1 500 kW FPP (Stainless Steel) 2 x 10 500 kW Shaft lines, Seals & Bearings

Compact Silencer System (CSS)

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Magnus Miemois

Wrtsil LNG OSV leader

2003

2005

2007

2009

2011

2012

2013

Scoreboard: Wrtsil Total market

Ship Design Machinery 7 vessels 10 vessels 12 vessels 12 vessels

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Magnus Miemois

Agenda

What ?

Environment & Health Game Changer Emissions Areas How Gas engines work

Why ?

LNG System Fundamentals LNG Bunkering Procedures

How ?

20 Years Real Experience LNG Tanker Retrofit LNG Newbuild Ferry

Conclusions

Chart Course for Gas

Dual-fuel applications - references

Power Plants

Merchant

Offshore

Cruise and Ferry

Navy

DF Power Plant 28 installations 84 engines 650000 rh

LNGC 68 vessels 254 engines 950000 rh Conversion 1 Chem. Tanker 2 engines conv. Complete gas train Complete design

PSVs/FPSOs 22 vessels 78 engines Online from 1994

DF Power Plant 1+1 vessels 4 engines per vessels Complete gas train 2800 passengers In service in 2013

Costal Patrol Coming

120 installations

> 1500000 running hours

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Go for gas!

Fuel flexibility OPEX savings & Emissions Reduction Reduce emissions at the source compact & simplest way Todays decisions regulations mandate change
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