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IJETR, 2012; Vol 1(2): July-2012 (009 - 013)

International Standard Serial Number: 2278 - 6082

- 013) International Standard Serial Number: 2278 - 6082

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COMPACT BROADBAND COPLANAR CAPACITIVE COUPLED PROBE FED MICROSTRIP ANTENNA FOR WIRELESS APPLICATIONS

Dr. Ravi M. Yadahalli 1* , Nandini Ammanagi 2 , Neelamma K Patil 3

1 P.E.S. Institute of Technology & Management, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India 2 V.E.S. Institute of Technology, Mumbai, India 3 K.L.Es College of Engineering & Technology, Belgaum, Karnataka, India

ABSTRACT In this paper, the design of a compact broadband capacitive feed microstrip antenna with open end meandering slots in the radiating patch is presented. The three identical narrow open end meandering slots are embedded in the radiating patch of the antenna. Effects of varying the length of meandering slots on the input characteristics of the antenna have been investigated and discussed.

KEYWORDS: Microstrip Patch Antenna; Coplanar Capacitive Coupled feed; Impedance bandwidth; meandering slot.

Correspondence Author

Dr. Ravi M. Yadahalli

P.E.S. Institute of Technology & Management, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India

Email: ravimyadahalli@yahoo.com

INTRODUCTION

In modern wireless communication systems, more and more attention is paid for the development of small size, broadband antennas. Printed Microstrip antennas (MSAs) are attractive, as they are small in size, low in cost, and easy to integrate with printed circuit configuration. Many studies to increase the bandwidth of the microstrip patch antennas have been extensively investigated [1, 2]. Recently, an ultra-wideband microstrip antenna was achieved by using a capacitive coupled probe feed [3, 4]. To accommodate such antennas in wireless

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communication systems, it is necessary to reduce the size of such antennas. Many techniques have been reported for reducing the size of microstrip antennas [5, 6, 7]. Meandering of the radiating patch by loading several slits in the non-radiating edge is proven to be one of the effective methods in reducing the size of the microstrip antennas [8, 9, 10]. It is found that the narrow meandering slots increase the effective electrical length of the patch, which in turn reduces the size of the antenna operated at a given frequency. In this paper, a capacitive fed compact broadband microstrip antenna with meandered slots in its radiating patch for wireless applications

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International Journal of Engineering & T echnology Research

ISSN: 2278 - 6082

is presented. The proposed antenna c onsists of a

a capacitive

probe feed. Three identical narrow op en-end slots are embedded in the antenna’s radi ating patch. These meandered slots are aligned wi th an equal spacing of L/4 parallel to the rectang ular patch’s

rectangular patch which is fed by

Fig.1.

microstrip antenna.

(a) Top View (b) Cross-sect ional View

Geometry

of

Co planar

Capacitive

fed

Table1. Dimensions of ca pacitive coupled probe feed microstr ip antenna

radiating patch. Parametric study was by varying the length of meandered

carried out

slots. The

Parameter

Dimension

proposed antenna is simulated using IE 3D which is

Length of the radiator pat ch (L)

11.33

mm

Method of Moments (MOM Electromagnetic (EM) software [11].

) based

   

Width of the radiator pat ch (W)

15.21

mm

     
 

Length of the feed strip (s )

1.2

mm

2. Antenna Design

Width of the feed strip (t )

3.7

mm

Separation of the feed s trip from the patch (d)

1.7

mm

Initially a reference antenna (RA)

which is a

 

rectangular microstrip antenna was de signed for 6 GHz using a coplanar capacitive cou pled probe

Air gap between substrat e (g)

 

4 mm

feed. Reference antenna uses glass epo xy substrate

Relative dielectric consta

t (

)
)

4.4

mm

having ε r = 4.4 and h = 1.56 mm and

Fig.1 shows

Thickness of substrate (h)

1.56 mm

the geometry of the reference anten na. Table 1

shows the optimized dimensions o f reference

antenna. The configuration is basically microstrip antenna in which radiating

the feed strip are etched on the s ubstrate of thickness “h” mm. A long pin SMA c onnector is

used to connect the feed strip which is capacitively

length and

width of the radiating patch is designe d for center frequency of 6 GHz. The Capacitive f eed strip is basically a rectangular microstrip capac citor formed from a truncated microstrip transmiss ion line and

terminal or

coupled to the radiating patch. The

a suspended

patch and

all its open ends are represented by edge capacitances.

and all its open ends are represented by edge capacitances. Available online on www.ijetr.com Later, the

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Later, the radiating pat ch is meandered using

three identical narrow me andering slots (L s , W s ). Fig. 2 shows coplanar capa citive coupled probe fed

microstrip antenna with

meandered slots in its

radiator patch. The mean dered slots are aligned

with an equal spacing

of L/4 parallel to the

radiating edge. The width o f the meandering slot is

W s = 1 mm.

edge. The width o f the meandering slot is W s = 1 mm. Fig. 2.

Fig. 2. Geometry of copla nar capacitive coupled probe fed microstrip ant enna with meandering slots in its radiating patch

(a) Top View (b) Cross-sect ional View

10
10

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International Journal of Engineering & Technology Research

ISSN: 2278 - 6082

3. PARAMETRIC STUDY

To understand how dimension of the meandered slots will affect the center frequency, impedance bandwidth and size reduction of antenna, a parametric study was carried out using IE3D simulation software version 14.1. The simulated data of the proposed antenna were noted by varying the L s from the 9.21 mm to 14.21 mm, which are tabulated in Table 2. It may be

noted from the table that the reference antenna (RA) with L s = 0 mm resonates for 6.2 GHz having a bandwidth of 2.6% (−10 dB return loss) and this may confirmed from Fig.3. Also, it is also amply evident from the table that the resonant frequency of the antenna decreases gradually with the increase in the slot length from 9.21 mm to 14.21

mm.

Table 2. Dimensions of capacitive coupled probe feed microstrip antenna

Length of meandering slot L s (mm)

Resonant frequency f r (GHz)

Bandwidth

Size

(MHz)

Reduction

(%)

0

6.2

2600

-

9.21

5.39

192

14.55

10.21

5.36

202

15.07

11.21

5.2

226

17.60

12.21

5.34

258

13.39

13.21

5.34

264

13.39

14.21

5.33

267

13.42

Initially, as the slot length L s increases from 0 to 9.21 mm, the resonant frequency of the antenna slightly lowers from 6.2 GHz to 5.39 GHz giving a size reduction of 14.55 % when compared to RA. The bandwidth at this slot length is found to be decreased from 90.32% to 3.56%. Again, as the slot length increases from 9.21 mm to 10.21 mm, the resonant frequency of the antenna decreases to 5.36 GHz giving a size reduction of 15.07%.

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Moreover, it also observed that the bandwidth of the antenna is 202 MHz. Later when L s = 11.21 mm, the resonant frequency of the antenna lowers still further and resonates at frequency, which is 1.19 times the resonant frequency of the RA giving a size reduction of 17.60%. However, the bandwidth of the antenna is increased from 3.76 % to 4.23%. This can be confirmed from Fig.4, which shows the return loss characteristics of the proposed antenna. Further increase in the length of the meandered slots will not affect the center frequency anymore.

slots will not affect the center frequency anymore. Fig.3. Return loss characteristics of a capacitive coupled

Fig.3. Return loss characteristics of a capacitive coupled microstrip antenna without meandering slots

coupled microstrip antenna without meandering slots Fig.4. Return loss characteristics of a capacitive coupled

Fig.4. Return loss characteristics of a capacitive coupled microstrip antenna with meandering slots

The radiation pattern at the resonant frequency 6.2 GHz of reference antenna has been taken for the both H-plane and E-plane which are platted in

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International Journal of Engineering & Technology Research

ISSN: 2278 - 6082

Fig.5. The co-polarised radiation pattern at the resonant frequency of the proposed antenna has been taken i.e., for 5.2 GHz which is as shown in

Fig.6.

been taken i.e., for 5.2 GHz which is as shown in Fig.6 . Fig.5. Radiation pattern

Fig.5. Radiation pattern of the reference antenna

in Fig.6 . Fig.5. Radiation pattern of the reference antenna Fig.6. Radiation pattern of the proposed

Fig.6. Radiation pattern of the proposed antenna Available online on www.ijetr.com

4. Conclusion

In this paper, the design of a compact capacitive fed microstrip antenna suspended above the ground plane is presented. The meandered slots were etched in the radiating patch of the microstrip patch antenna to achieve size reduction. Simulation results show that the proposed antenna with meandered slots in its radiating patch resonates at 5.2 GHz providing a size reduction of 17.60% with a bandwidth of 226 MHz. REFERENCES

[1] S N Mulgi, R M vani, B S Makal, P V Hunagung and S F Farida, “Enhancement of bandwidth of rectangular microstrip antenna by feeding and gap- coupling techniques”, Progress in Electromagnetic Research Symposium 2000. pp.623, 2000.

[2] Kumar G and Ray K P (2003), Broadband Microstrip Antennas, Artech House, Norwood , MA

[3] “Design Studies of Ultra-WidebandMicrostrip Antennas with a Small Capacitive Feed”, Veeresh G. Kasabegoudar, Dibyant S. Upadhyay, and K. J. Vinoy; International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Volume 2007, pp.1-8.

[4] “A Coplanar Capacitively Coupled Probe Fed Microstrip Antenna for Wireless Applications” Veeresh G. Kasabegoudar and K. J. Vinoy, The 2009 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP 2009) October 20-23, 2009, Bangkok, Thailand.

[5] Fujimutho K, Henderson A, Hirasawa K and James J R (1987) , Small Antennas, Research Studies Press, London, UK

[6] Kan H K and Waterhouse R B (1999), “Size Reduction Technique for shorted patches”, Electron. Lett., Vol. 35, pp.948-949

[7] Wong K L (2000), Compact and Broadband Microstrip Antennas, John Wiley & Sons.

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International Journal of Engineering & Technology Research

ISSN: 2278 - 6082

[8] S. Dey and R Mitra, Compact microstrip patch

antenna, Microwave Opt Technol Lett 13 (1996), 12-

14.

[9] Kuo J S and Wong K L. ‘A Compact microstrip antenna with meandered slots in the ground plane’, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., 2001, 29, pp. 95-97.

[10] Prabhakar H V, U K Kummuri, R. M. Yadahalli and V Munnappa, ‘Effect of various meandering slots in rectangular microstrip antenna ground plane for compact broadband operation’, Electronics Letters, 2007, 43, pp.

[11] IE3D release 14.1, Zeland Software Inc, 2011.

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