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WCDMA UTRAN Optimization Flow

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Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Foreword

WCDMA optimization is a very important part in the lifecycle of

the network.

Mainly, the optimization includes the preparation, single site verification, RF optimization and parameters optimization.

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page2

Contents
1. Introduction of Optimization Flow 2. The Preparation for the Optimization Project 3. Single Site Verification 4. RF Optimization

5. Parameters Optimization
6. Optimization Report

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page3

Contents
1. Introduction of Optimization Flow 2. The Preparation for the Optimization Project 3. Single Site Verification 4. RF Optimization

5. Parameters Optimization
6. Optimization Report

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page4

WCDMA Optimization Flow


Project Start
Network Information Collection Cluster Division and Team Establishment Optimization Tools

Preparation and Startup Single Site Verificaiton RF Optimization Parameter Optimization Acceptance and Report
Preparation Drive Test and RNC Configuration Collection Trouble shooting Engineering Parameter Adjustment

Preparation Data Collection DT and Statistic Analysis Parameter Adjustment

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page5

Introduction of Optimization Flow

Final Documents:

SSV Reports Optimization Report

Engineering Parameter Table


Cell Parameter Table

Process Documents:

Engineer Parameter Table Cell Parameter Table

Parameter Changing Record

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page6

Contents
1. Introduction of Optimization Flow 2. The preparation for the Optimization Project 3. Single Site Verification 4. RF Optimization

5. Parameters Optimization
6. Optimization Report

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page7

WCDMA Optimization Flow - Preparation


Project Start
Network Information Collection Cluster Division and Team Establishment Optimization Tools

Preparation and Startup Single Site Verificaiton RF Optimization Parameter Optimization Acceptance and Report
Preparation Drive Test and RNC Configuration Collection Trouble shooting Engineering Parameter Adjustment

Preparation Data Collection DT and Statistic Analysis Parameter Adjustment

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page8

The Preparation for Projection

The following work is required:

Understanding of the Existing Network


Cluster Division and Optimization Team Establishment Optimization Tools and Software

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The Preparation for Projection

Understanding of the Existing Network :

Radio Network Planning report


Latest engineering parameter table and cell parameter table OMC statistic data

Subscriber complaints
Historical Optimization Reports

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Page10

The Preparation for the Optimization Projection

Cluster Division

One cluster should cover one continuous area, which is convenient for one time drive test;

Cluster division should consider the terrain, administration and main roads.

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The Preparation for the Optimization Projection

Optimization Team Establishment


RNO manager

RNO leader-1

..................

RNO leader-n

Data Analyzer

Data Analyzer

Drive Test Operator

Drive Test Operator

Driver

Driver

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Page12

The Preparation for the Optimization Projection

Optimization Tools

Hardware

Software:

UMTS Scanner
UMTS Test UE GPS and data line

DT tools
Post processing tools MapInfo

Laptop
Digital camera Spectrum analyzer

Google earth

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page13

Contents
1. Introduction of Optimization Flow 2. The preparation for the Optimization Project 3. Single Site Verification 4. RF Optimization

5. Parameters Optimization
6. Optimization Report

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page14

WCDMA Optimization Flow Single Site Verification


Project Start
Network Information Collection Cluster Division and Team Establishment Optimization Tools

Preparation and Startup Single Site Verificaiton RF Optimization Parameter Optimization Acceptance and Report
Preparation Drive Test and RNC Configuration Collection Trouble shooting Engineering Parameter Adjustment

Preparation Data Collection DT and Statistic Analysis Parameter Adjustment

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page15

Single Site Verification

Purpose:

The single site verification test is a part of the WCDMA network optimization to ensure that the basic functions of the cell are normal, such as call access, call quality, handover and so on.

Single site verification involves the following aspects:


Parameter setting check in idle mode Services call (AMR/VP/PS) function check in connected mode HSDPA function check CPICH RSCP & Ec/Io Installation problems check

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page16

Single Site Verification

Single site verification includes :

preparations before test single site test solving problems

The single site verification is completed by:

On-site engineers RNO engineers

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Page17

Single Site Verification - Tasks of the on-site engineers

Preparations

Site Status Check

For each cell to be measured, check Status by LMT or M2000

Configuration Data Collection and Check

check whether the data configured is consistent with the planned data

Testing Point Selection Test UE Setup

Set the UE to testing mode before test

Application key

Other Preparations

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page18

Single Site Verification - Tasks of the on-site engineers

Verification in Idle Mode

Frequency Check

Check whether the frequency is consistent with the planned data

Scramble Check

Check whether the scramble is consistent with the planned data

LAC/RAC Check

Check whether the LAC/RAC is consistent with the planed data.

CPICH_RSCP / CPICH_Ec/Io (Near Site) Test

Check whether the CPICH RSCP and CPICH Ec/Io received by UE are greater than the threshold

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page20

Single Site Verification - Tasks of the on-site engineers

Verification in connected Mode

Originating and Terminating Call of Voice Service

Check whether the originating and terminating function of voice service function normally by call quality test Check whether the originating and terminating function of VP service function normally by call quality test Check whether the PS services access are normal

Originating and Terminating Connection Test of VP Service

Access Test of PS Services

Solving Problems

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page21

Single Site Verification Task of the RNO engineers

Preparations

Cell Status Confirmation

Before checking site, you need to inquiry product support engineers whether the cell is in normal status

Testing Route Selection

Before test, you must select a proper testing route according to site distribution and local environment

Testing Tools

Hardware Software
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Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Single Site Verification Task of the RNO engineers

Coverage Check

Check whether CPICH RSCP and CPICH Ec/Io received by scanner is normal

Inconsistency of antenna tile/direction angle from planned one Check whether the RX ports of different cell are reversely

connected

Fixed Maximum Transmit Power of UE, measure the RTWP of the cells in OMC room

Checking Antennas by Exchanging Feeders, measure the RSCP before and after.

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Page23

Single Site Verification Task of the RNO engineers

Service Function Test

MOC and MTC of Voice call MOC and MTC of VP UL and DL R99 PS service HSDPA access function and throughput test

HSUPA access function and throughput test

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page24

Single Site Verification Task of the RNO engineers

Solving Problems

If RNO engineers find out some installation problem, ask the

installation team fix it and do retest to verify

If RNO engineers find problems about product function, RNO engineers must ask RAN engineers help to solve problems

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page25

Single Site Verification

Summarization:

In single site verification stage, engineers check whether equipment functions are normal Single site verification is a basis for the following RF optimization and Parameter optimization If all verifications about function are accepted, the single site verification is completed

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page26

Contents
1. Introduction of Optimization Flow 2. The preparation for the Optimization Project 3. Single Site Verification 4. RF Optimization

5. Parameters Optimization
6. Optimization Report

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page27

WCDMA Optimization Flow RF Optimization


Project Start
Network Information Collection Cluster Division and Team Establishment Optimization Tools

Preparation and Startup Single Site Verificaiton RF Optimization Parameter Optimization Acceptance and Report
Preparation Drive Test and RNC Configuration Collection Trouble shooting Engineering Parameter Adjustment

Preparation Data Collection DT and Statistic Analysis Parameter Adjustment

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page28

RF Optimization - Overview

Once all the sites on-air and verification is completed, RF optimization starts During the RF optimization stage, you willoptimize radio frequency (RF) signals , so that the distribution of radio signal is normal in next stage -- parameters optimization RF optimization includes the following aspects:

Coverage optimization Pilot pollution optimization Handover optimization

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Page29

RF Optimization flow

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Page30

RF Optimization - Preparation (1)

Define Optimization targets


Weak coverage Pilot pollution SHO Factor based on DT

Define Test Route Cluster Division Preparing Tools and Data


Preparing Software Preparing Hardware Engineering and cell Parameter table

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page31

RF Optimization - Preparation (2)


Index Reference 97% in urban area CPICH Ec/Io 9dB 97% in suburban area Remarks According to test result from the scanner, in unloaded and outdoor conditions, in planning coverage areas, test in a grid-like route to cover all cells. According to test result from the scanner, in unloaded and outdoor conditions, in planning coverage areas, test in a grid-like route to cover all cells. The coverage level request is basic. If operators have penetration loss request, add the penetration loss to the coverage level. The SHO Factor based on DT should be 5% to 10% lower than the goal, because the following optimizations cause the soft handover factor to increase

98% in urban area


CPICH RSCP 95dBm 95% in suburban area

SHO Factor based on DT Pilot pollution ratio

30%40% 5%

RF Optimization - Targets
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RF Optimization - Preparation (3)

Dividing Clusters

RF optimization must be performed on a group of or a cluster of


NodeBs , and to ensure that interference from intra-frequency neighbor cells are considered during optimization.

Define Test Route

The test route should cover all sites, all main roads and VIP area.

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page33

RF Optimization - Preparing Tools and Data:


Needed data Device

Software
Genex Probe Genex Assistant Mapinfo

Scanner

List of engineering parameters Map

Test terminal and data line


GPS and data line Laptop Vehicle mounted inverter

KPI requirements
Network configuration parameters Survey report Single site verification checklist

Google earth

Floor plan of the target buildings

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page34

RF Optimization - Data Collection

DT is a major test. Collect scanner and UE data of radio signals

by DT test

Usually the DT and indoor test during RF optimization stage is based on VP service.

During RF optimization stage, collect neighbor cell data of


network optimization and other data configured in RNC database

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page35

RF Optimization - RF problem solutions

Antenna tilt Antenna azimuth Antenna location

Antenna height Antenna type TMA

Split sector
Remove sector Combine sector

RRU
Site location New site

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Page37

RF Optimization

Some advices:

Before the RF adjusting, wed better survey the relative sites, and
give some applicable advice

If possible, do the RF adjustment and test the effect at the same

time

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page38

RF Coverage Problem Analysis

The coverage problems to be analyzed include:

Weak coverage
Overshoot coverage Unbalance between uplink and downlink

No dominating cell

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Page39

RF Coverage Problem Analysis

Coverage Analysis Processes:

Downlink Coverage Analysis

Analyzing Pilot Strength Analyzing Pilot quality Analyzing Dominate Cell Analyzing comparison of UE and Scanner Coverage

Uplink Coverage Analysis

Analyzing Uplink Interference Analyzing distribution of UE Transmit Power

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page40

RF Coverage Problem Analysis

Downlink coverage analysis Pilot Strength Analysis

Check areas of weak coverage, suggestion value as below:

Good: RSCP -85 dBm Fair: -95 dBm RSCP < -85 dBm

Poor: RSCP < -95 dBm

Mark the areas with weak coverage for further analysis

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page41

RF Coverage Problem Analysis


Downlink coverage analysis - Pilot Strength Analysis

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RF Coverage Problem Analysis

Downlink coverage analysis - Pilot quality Analysis

Ec/Io plot should also be analysed based on the thresholds :

Good: Ec/Io -8 dB Fair: -14 dB Ec/Io < -8 dB

Poor: Ec/Io < - 14 dB

Areas of poor Ec/Io should be highlighted for further investigation

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page43

RF Coverage Problem Analysis


Downlink coverage analysis Pilot quality Analysis:
-14 -15 -16 -17 -18 -19 -20 Ec/Io RSCP -15.5 -63 -60 -65 -70 -75 -80 -85 -90

Whats the problem?

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RF Coverage Problem Analysis


Downlink coverage analysis - Pilot quality Analysis:
-14 -15 -16 -104 -17 -18 -19 -20 Ec/Io RSCP -105 -110 -115 -120 -15.5 -90 -95 -100

Whats the problem?

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RF Coverage Problem Analysis

Downlink coverage analysis - Analyzing Dominating Cell:

Dominating cells analysis is analyzing cell scramble information


obtained in DT

The contents to be checked include :

Weak coverage cell


Cross-cell coverage cell No dominating cell

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RF Coverage Problem Analysis


Downlink coverage analysis - Analyzing Dominating Cell:

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RF Coverage Problem Analysis


Downlink coverage analysis - Analyzing Dominating Cell:

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RF Coverage Problem Analysis


Downlink coverage analysis - Analyzing comparison of UE and Scanner Coverage :

Inconsistent Best Service Cell between scanner and UE


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RF Coverage Problem Analysis

Uplink coverage analysis:

Uplink coverage analysis is analyzing UE transmit power obtained in DT

Assume the optimization indexes of UE transmit power as below:


UE_Tx_Power 10 dBm >= 95% The test result of voice service by test handset. Assume the maximum transmit power of UE is 21 dBm

The defined corresponding quality standards are:

Good: UE_Tx_Power 0 dBm


Fair: 0 dBm < UE_Tx_Power 10 dBm Poor: UE_Tx_Power > 10 dBm

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page50

RF Coverage Problem Analysis

Uplink Uplink Coverage - Distribution of UE Transmit Power

The distribution of UE transmit power reflects the distribution of uplink interference and uplink path loss

The distribution of UE transmit power


Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page51

Pilot Pollution Problem Analysis

Pilot Pollution Point Definition:

The pilot pollution is that excessive strong pilots exist in a point


but no pilot is strong enough

Pilot pollution exists if all the following conditions are met:

The number of pilots that meet the following condition is more than 4
and CPICH_RSCP > -100dBm

(CPICH_RSCP1st - CPICH_RSCP 4th)< 5dB

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page52

Pilot Pollution Problem Analysis

Influence of Pilot Pollution :

Pilot pollution causes the following network problems:


Ec/Io Deterioration Call Drop Due to Handover

Capacity Decline

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Page53

Pilot Pollution Problem Analysis


Pilot Pollution Definition - Judgment Standards :
-60 -65 RSCP (dBm) Margin

-70
-75 -80 -85 -90 SC1 SC2 Active Set SC3 SC4 SC5 SC6 Not Pilot Pollution -62

-63

-64

-66

-67 -81

Pilot Pollution

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Pilot Pollution Problem Analysis


Pilot Pollution - Estimated Active Set Size:

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Pilot Pollution Problem Analysis


Pilot Pollution - Estimated Active Set Size
SC 8 9 10 11 12 13 16 17 18 19 20 21 32 35 37 43 48 53 67 80 130 Count 206 165 157 156 148 135 95 94 76 74 73 56 54 39 33 19 8 7 3 2 2 % in Pollution Set 12.9% 10.3% 9.8% 9.7% 9.2% 8.4% 5.9% 5.9% 4.7% 4.6% 4.6% 3.5% 3.4% 2.4% 2.1% 1.2% 0.5% 0.4% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1%

Should be investigated

Pilot pollution results


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Pilot Pollution Problem Analysis

Causes of Pilot Pollution :

Improper Cell Distribution


Over High NodeB or Highly-mounted Antenna Improper Antenna Azimuth

Improper Antenna Down Tilt


Improper CPICH Power Ambient Factors

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Page57

Pilot Pollution Problem Analysis

Process for Analyzing Pilot Pollution

Analyze scanner-based RSCP for 1st Best Service Cell and Ec/Io for
1st Best Service Cell

Analyze scanner-based Whole PP

Locate the cells that cause pilot pollution of the key areas.
Judge whether the pilot pollution is caused by existence of multiple strong pilots or lack of a strong pilot

Confirm the cells that need eliminating the coverage of an area


and that need enhancing the coverage of an area

Retest after adjustment


Page58

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Pilot Pollution Problem Analysis

Solutions of Pilot Pollution :

Antenna Adjustment
PCPICH Power Adjustment Using RRU or Micro Cells

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Page59

Handover Problem Analysis

By adjusting RF parameters ,we can Control the size and location of handover areas ,then we can eliminate handover call drop due to sharp fluctuation and increase handover success rate.

During RF optimization stage, the involved handover problem include:

Neighbor cell optimization Controlling SHO Factor based on DT

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page60

Handover Problem Analysis - Neighbor cell optimization

The neighbor cell optimization includes adding and removing neighbor cells. Add: Missing neighbors Remove: The neighbors are never measured but in the neighbor list. Neighbor cell optimization can be analyzed by :

Scanner Data
UE Data Analysis
Careful consideration is needed prior to removing neighbours

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Page61

Handover Problem Analysis - Neighbor cell optimization

By the scanner data, the Assistant can generate a neighbor cell analysis report in the format of Excel

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Handover Problem Analysis - Neighbor cell optimization

We can also analyze a missing neighbor cell by UE DT data


The daemon analysis tool can seldom analyze UE data automatically and generate missing neighbor cells

but we can Compare the active set Ec/Io distribution diagram measured by UE and that measured by scanner

The spots with missing neighbor cells has a poor Ec/Io


measured by UE and a strong Ec/Io scanned by scanner .

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page63

Handover Problem Analysis

Controlling SHO Factor based on DT:

According to the DT data from scanner, you can obtain the SHO

Factor based on DT, defined as below:


Soft Handover Ratio Number of scanner collected points in DT that meet the handover conditions Number of total scanner collected points in DT

The SHO Factor based on DT during RF optimization


stage must be 5%10% lower than the KPI target value

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Page64

Handover Problem Analysis

UE SHO Performance

The success rates for event 1a, 1b & 1c and can be obtained from software
Number of Active Set Updates
Event Count Event 1a 328 Event 1b 306 Event 1c 64

Number of Active Set Update Completes


Event Count Event 1a 326 Event 1b 305 Event 1c 62

Soft-Handover Success Rate


Event Rate Event 1a 99.4 Event 1b 99.7 Event 1c 96.9 Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page65

RF Analysis Approaches Neighbor List

Controlling SHO Factor based on DT

If the SHO Factor based on DT is over large, decrease or change


the handover areas by using the following methods for shrinking coverage areas:

Increase the down tilt


Adjust azimuth Decrease the antenna height

Decrease the PICH power

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page66

Contents
1. Introduction of Optimization Flow 2. The preparation for the Optimization Project 3. Single Site Verification 4. RF Optimization

5. Parameters Optimization
6. Optimization Report

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page67

WCDMA Optimization Flow Parameter Optimization


Project Start
Network Information Collection Cluster Division and Team Establishment Optimization Tools

Preparation and Startup Single Site Verificaiton RF Optimization Parameter Optimization Acceptance and Report
Preparation Drive Test and RNC Configuration Collection Trouble shooting Engineering Parameter Adjustment

Preparation Data Collection DT and Statistic Analysis Parameter Adjustment

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page68

Purpose of Parameters Optimization

Purpose of parameters optimization

Decrease the access success ratio


Decrease the call drop ratio Increase the quality of service

The tools data and tools for analysis:

Drive test data and analysis tools Statistic data and analysis tools RNC trace and logs data MSC & SGSN record if necessary
Page69

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Drive test

The contents of drive test


Idle mode test


The short call test for voice service The continuous call test for voice service The short call test for video phone service The continuous call test for voice service The access test for R99 PS service The continuous call test for R99 PS service HSDPA FTP download test
The test should be performed repeatedly to the position with problems to make sure that the problem is repeatable

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Page70

Drive Test Data Analysis

Drive Test Data Analysis

Analyzing and finding out the solution for access failure


Analyzing and finding out the solution for drop call Analyzing and finding out the solution for service quality related

problems

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Page71

Adjustment Recommendation and Implementation

Adjustment Recommendation and Implementation

Common Control Channel Power Allocation parameters RL Maximum Power parameters Intra-frequency Handover parameters Inter-frequency Handover parameters Inter-RAT Handover parameters Power Control parameters Access parameters Other related parameters

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page72

Test for Special Areas

Special area refers to a small district or indoors environment

Operator offices, residence of VIP


Key hotels or entertainment location Government location

Locations of large company or group subscribers


Locations tend to be cared , such as railway station or airport

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page73

Contents
1. Introduction of Optimization Flow 2. The preparation for the Optimization Project 3. Single Site Verification 4. RF Optimization

5. Parameters Optimization
6. Optimization Report

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page74

WCDMA Optimization Flow Optimization Report Output


Project Start
Network Information Collection Cluster Division and Team Establishment Optimization Tools

Preparation and Startup Single Site Verificaiton RF Optimization Parameter Optimization Acceptance and Report
Preparation Drive Test and RNC Configuration Collection Trouble shooting Engineering Parameter Adjustment

Preparation Data Collection DT and Statistic Analysis Parameter Adjustment

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page75

Optimization Report

The optimization report should include:

Project background introduction Existing network status Acceptance criteria

Optimization process
Problem analysis and adjustment recommendation, and the effect for the implemented part

Acceptance test and result


Leftover problems and suggestions from the optimization point of view.

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page76

Thank you
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