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Burette

Burette is a cylindrical laboratory glassware that has a measuring line and plug taps on the bottom. He used to shed some liquid reagent in experiments that require precision, such as in the titration experiments. Burette is accurate, burette-class A has an accuracy of up to 0.05 cm3. Because of its high precision burette, prudence volume measurement with a burette very important to menghindarigalat systematic. When reading the burette, the eyes must be perpendicular to the surface of the liquid to avoid parallax errors. Even measuring the thickness of the lines are also affected; the bottom of the liquid meniscus should touch the top of the line. Commonly used rule is to add 0.02 mL if the meniscus touches the bottom of the bottom line measure. Because of its high precision, one drop of liquid hanging on the tip of the burette should be transferred to the receiver flask, usually by touching hatchlings into the pumpkin and rinse in a solution with a solvent. Petri Dish

. Telepa Petri Petri dish or a container that is round in shape and made dariplastik or glass used for
cell culturing. Petri dishes are always in pairs, whose size is rather small as the larger container and a lid. Petri dish named after its inventor in 1877, that Julius Richard Petri (1852-1921), a German national bacteria This tool is used as a container for the investigation of trophies and also for culturing bacteria, yeasts, spores, or seeds. Plastic Petri dish can be destroyed after a single use for bacterial culture.

Separator Funnel

The funnel is a funnel separator or laboratory equipment used in liquid-liquid extraction to separate the components in a solvent mixture of two phases with different densities takcampur. Generally one phase in the form of an aqueous solution and the other lipophilic organic solvents such as ether, MTBE, dichloromethane, chloroform, or ethyl acetate. Most organic solvents are the solvents except water phase which has the halogen atom of the element. Conical separating funnel covered half the ball. He had a cap on it and tap on the bottom. Funnel separator used in the laboratory is made of borosilicate glass and kerannya kacaataupun made of Teflon. Separator funnel size varies from 50 mL to 3 L. In industry, separating funnel could be very large and dipasangsentrifuge. To use this funnel, two-phase solvent mixture and put in a funnel from top to funnel the tap is closed. The funnel is then closed and shaken by powerful solution to create a two-phase mixed. The funnel is then inverted and the tap is opened to release excess steam pressure. The funnel is then left in place so that the separation between the two phases takes place. Stopper and tap funnel is then opened and the two phases were separated from the solution by controlling the tap funnel.

Beaker

Beaker is the place to dissolve substances that do not need high precision, such as reagent / reagent for qualitative chemical analysis or for the manufacture of secondary standard solution in titrimetric analysis / volumetric. There are a variety of sizes ranging from 25 ml to 5 liters. so not suitable for the manufacture of high precision solution to (quantitatively).

Pumpkin Measure

Measure pumpkin is a device that has a capacity of between 5 mL to 5 L and instruments typically used to dilute certain substances to limit neck flask. This tool is typically used to obtain a solution of certain substances that will be used only in a limited size as the sample using a pipette. In the dilution system, to a colorless substance, the addition of distilled water to show the line of the meniscus in the neck flask. For a colorless substance, aquadets addition to the base that touches the neck flask meniscus (meniscus is above the neckline). Before using this instrument, measuring flask should be washed first. Better to use soap to substances - substances that are not needed can be dissolved and ultimately wasted. In the circumstances, a dry flask is good to use. In order to carry out routine work in the laboratory, it is not unusual to have a dilute solution or reducing their thickness by adding a solvent. Many laboratory chemicals purchased in the form of a concentrated aqueous solution because this is the most economical way of buying. But these chemicals are usually too thick for immediate use, and therefore must be diluted. Dilution process involves mixing a concentrated solution with additional solvent to give the final volume is greater. During this process, the amount of substance which remains in solution, and only the volume is increased. This fact is the basis for work on the problems mebentuk the mebahas dilution. There are several steps in preparing a solution with a specific molarity: Solutes carefully weighed into a volumetric flask (flask). Added distilled water. Mixed rocked circular (diolek) to dissolve the solute Once the water is added again, use a Pasteur pipette to add water to the heart - the heart to the right volume of liquid surface coincides with the circle on the neck flask.
Pumpkin capped and then shaken so that a uniform solution .

Scale

Scales / balance sheet is a tool that is used measuring the mass of an object. Scales / balance sistemmekanik and is filed under electronics. Scales is a tool of great importance in our daily lives, and it is considered by the government to establish Metrology Department to manage it. By "Scales Avery" The things to consider in buying a pair of scales are scales linearity, after sales service, support tenagateknisi a lot and experienced spare parts (spare parts) are always available, as this will be a very important thing for the sequel later. One example is the spring balance scales (dynamometer). Spring balance scale is simple to use spring as a tool to determine the mass of the measured object. Spring balance (such as scales) measure weight, deflection pegasnya displayed in mass scale (labeling score was divided by gravity). A spring balance equation is expressed in: k*x=m*g with spring constant k = X = deflection m = mass g = gravity The balance / weight scales with pendulum (as found in the fish market / vegetable) weighing masses. Usually using smaller mass comparators with lever (the lever) that long. Following the law of the lever (moment equations). m1 * g * L1 = m2 * g * L2 with
m1, m2 = mass of first object, a second object of mass L1, L2 = length of the first lever, long lever second g = gravity Balance spring show different figures on the earth and the moon, or in areas that gravity is different. Scales pendulum showed the same everywhere, as long as there is gravity to move the scales.

Spatula

Spatula is a tool to retrieve the object. Spatula frequently used in chemical laboratoriumbiologi or small spoon-shaped, flat and stemmed. There are three types of spatula for laboratory purposes: Spatula is made of metal (stainlessteel) is used to retrieve an object that has been sliced for preparation microscope. Spatula polythene or horns, used as a scoop to pick up solid chemicals. Spatula spatula nickel is plated with nickel, is used as a small spoon to take the chemicals. This tool can also be used to stir the solution except in the manufacture of the acid solution. Coming from a glass with a diameter of 4 mm, cut to the appropriate length and ends - with rounded edges Bunsen flame. The rod should be 20 cm in length for use in a test tube and 8-10 cm for the dish and a small beaker. Hollow glass tubes should not be used as a stirring rod. A tapered end of the rod is made by heating a glass rod in the flame, and then withdraw when still soft as in making glass and menatahkan jet into two, used to pierce the tip cone filter paper to meindahkan contents of the filter paper into another vessel, with spray sebuat bottled water from washing. Glass rod ends elasticized called policeman used to create solids from the walls in glass containers. Rod made of polythene (polyethylene) with a fan-shaped paddle on both ends function as a satisfactory policeman at laboratory temperature: dilekukkan can paddle in any form. (Vogel, 1990: 156.

Thermometer

The thermometer is a device used to measure temperature (temperature), or changes in temperature. The term comes from the Latin thermometer thermo means heat and meter means to measure. The working principle of the thermometer was different, the most commonly used is a mercury thermometer.

Voltmeter

It is a device / tool to measure the voltage in an electrical circuit. The tool consists of three copper plates mounted on a bakelite which are arranged in a glass jar or plastic. Outside the slab acts as the anode, while the middle one as the cathode. Generally these tubes measuring 15 x 10cm (height x diameter).

Beaker

Beaker or sometimes referred to as a glass beaker container is a container that is used for stirring, mixing and heating liquids commonly used in laboratories. Beker is generally cylindrical in shape with a field basis and are available in various sizes, ranging from 1 ml to several liters. Beker be made of glass (borosilicate glass generally or of plastics. Beker used to accommodate corrosive chemicals such as acids or other substances that are highly reactive usually made of PTFE material or low reactivity. Can be covered with a glass beaker observers to prevent contamination and shrinkage substances. Beker is often spiked with the size found on the side of the beaker to indicate the volume collected. For example, with a volume of 250 mL beaker marked with lines indicating the volume of substances deposited at 50, 100, 150, 200, and 250 mL. The accuracy of this size is highly variable.

Beker different laboratory flask visible from the side instead of straight and oblique. Usually the alarm more frequently used in basic chemistry experiment.

Buchner funnel

Bchner funnel is a laboratory equipment used in vacuum filtration. [1] It is usually made of porcelain, but sometimes some are made of plastic kacadan. At the top there is a cylinder with a porous base. Hirsch funnel also has the same structure and functionality, but it is smaller and usually made of glass. Filter material (usually paper filter) is placed on top of the funnel and wetted with solvent to prevent leakage at the start of screening. The liquid to be filtered poured into the funnel and sucked into the flask from the funnel base denganpompa porous vacuum.

crucible

Crucible is a laboratory equipment shaped like a cup which used to hold chemical compounds in the heating process that uses extremely high temperatures. Krus are available in various sizes.

Calorimeter Food

Calorimeter food is a tool for determining the calorific value of nutrients carbohydrate, protein, or fat. This device consists of a glass tube about 19 cm high and middle line approximately 7.5 cm. The bottom curved upward to form a penyungkup. Penyungkup is plugged with a rubber stopper with the hole in the middle. The top of the glass tube was closed with a circular ebonite plate. Inside the glass tube there is a stirrer, the stems through the cap ebonite, there is also a spiral of copper pipe. The lower end of the spiral pipe through the hole in the rubber stopper and the upper end penyungkup ebonite penetrate the center of the lid. In ebonite lid is still a hole there again, the place to insert a thermometer into a glass tube. Glass tube was placed on a piece of asbestos and held by 3 fruit pieces. The piece is a square whose side approximately 9.5 cm. Under the asbestos pieces are electrical wires that will be connected to a power source when used. On top of that there is a piece of asbestos aluminum cup. Above it hung a wire cup nikelin associated with power cables underneath pieces of asbestos. Nikelin wire that will turn on the food in the cup when incandescent by an electric current. Near the cup there is a metal pipe to carry oxygen.

Bomb Calorimeter

Bomb calorimeter is a device used to measure the amount of heat (calorific value) are released on combustion (in excess O2) a compound, groceries, fuel. A number of samples were placed in tubes submerged in oxygenated medium heat absorber (calorimeter), and samples will be burned by the electric fire from a metal wire attached to the tube. Example of a bomb calorimeter is a calorimeter food.

Solution Calorimeter

Solution calorimeter is a device used to measure the amount of heat involved in chemical reactions in solution systems. Basically, the heat released / absorbed causing temperature changes in the calorimeter. Based on the temperature change per quantity of reagent is then calculated heat of reaction from the reaction solution system. Now calorimeter solution with high precision can be obtained on the market. Fume Hoods

A fume hood or fume cupboard (or English: fume hood) is a great scientific equipment, commonly found in a chemical laboratory. Fume hood is useful to reduce the contact person against dangerous fumes. Fume hoods originally made of wood, but now most of the smoke hoods are made of epoxy-coated carbon steel. There are two types of smoke hoods are the type of channel (ducted) and the type of recirculation (recirculating). In type channels, pipelines used polyvinyl chloride or polypropylene. Duct type smoke hoods should work as follows: the air is sucked from the front of the cabinet where experiments are done, and then thrown out of the laboratory. Initially, the type of channel used asbestos duct hole, but had been abandoned for health reasons. While the type of recirculation, the air that is inhaled and then filtered to be harmless, and flowed back into the room.