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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF ROAD TRANSPORT AND HIGHWAYS TRANSPORT RESEARCH WING NEW DELHI

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SECRETARY

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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

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A. K. UPADHYAY
FOREWORD Road transportation has brought enormous

MINISTRY OF ROAD TRANSPORT & HIGHWAYS

benefits both to society and to individuals by

facilitating movements

of goods and people and making easy access to a wide range of

socio economic services. In India motor vehicle population is growing at a faster rate than the economic and population growth. The surge in motorization coupled with expansion of road network has brought with it the challenge of addressing adverse factors such as the increase in road accidents. Road accidents are a human tragedy. It involves high human suffering and socio-economic costs in terms of premature deaths, injuries, loss of productivity etc. It is heartening to note that there has been a marginal decline in road accidents during 2011. However, the problem of road safety remains acute in India. During the year 2011, there were around 4.98 lakh road accidents, which killed 1.42 lakh people and injured more than 5 lakh persons, many of whom are disabled for rest of their lives. These numbers translate into one road accident every minute, and one road accident death in less than four minutes. Sadly, many of these victims are young people, those who are economically active. Road traffic accidents are amenable to remedial action. Many a

countries have witnessed management,

drop in road accidents

and fatalities by adopting multipronged such as traffic law enforcement, safer vehicles,

approach to road safety that encompasses provision of accident

broad range of measures,

design and quality of road infrastructure, care, etc. The challenge

for us is to adapt and evaluate these

approaches to suit our needs. The present document presents the magnitude of road accidents in India in all its

dimensions and brings into focus challenges relating to the prevention of road crashes and their impacts. The data and analysis on road accidents contained in this volume will help create awareness and assist in informed decision making in the area of road safety. This publication is intended for use by policy makers, academia and civil society organizations working in areas that have an influence on road safety. I hope this document would be useful to all associated with road safety.

June 2012

~~ (A. K.Upadhyay)

Transport Bhawan,

1-Parliament Street, New Delhi-110 001 :: Tel.: 91-11-2371:4~04 E-mail: secy-road@nic.in :: Web: http://www.morth.nlc.ln

:: Fax: 91-11-2335-6669

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Government of India

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Ministry of Road Transport & Highways

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Transport Research Wing

ARVIND KUMAR
Senior Adviser (Transport Research) Fax No. : 23383251 Tel. No. : 23381204 E-mail: adv-rth@nic.in

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1st Floor. I.D.A. Building,

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PREFACE

Transport Research Wing of the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways being the nodal agency for providing information/data on various facets of roads and road transport, brings out an annual publication 'Road Accidents in India'. The publication presents information on various aspects of road accidents in the country during the calendar year. The information is collected from StateslUTs in the 19-item format devised under Asia Pacific Road Accident Data (APRAD)/Indian Road Accident Data (IRAD) project of United Nations' Economic and Social Commission for the Asia and the Pacific (UN-ESCAP). The present issue of 'Road Accidents in India, 2011' provides data/information relating to road accidents in the country during the calendar year 2011. The time lag in release of this issue has been brought down from a year to less than six months of the close of reference year. This has been possible due to the efforts of our officers and cooperation of all the source agencies. We would like to thank all the source agencies for facilitating the compilation of this document. Suggestions from the users of information are welcome to improve the quality and coverage.
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~'1 (Arvind Kumar)


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New Delhi June, 2012

List of Contents
1. 2. Introduction Trends in Road Accidents, Injuries and Fatalities Trends in Number of Accidents, Injuries and Fatalities Profile of Road Accidents Normalized Indicators of Road Accidents, Injuries and Fatalities: All India Averages Road Accidents: Inter State Comparisons Incidence of Road Accidents, Injuries and Deaths: States & UTs o Per Lakh of Population o Per Ten Thousand Vehicles o Severity of Road Accidents across States/UTs Select Cities: Road Accidents, Injuries, Deaths and Severity Accidents in terms of Classification of Roads Spatial distribution of Road Accidents (Urban vis--vis Rural) Accidents in terms of involvement by Vehicle type Time of Occurrence of Road Accidents Age Profile of Accident Victims (Other than Drivers) Causes of Road Accidents International Comparison of Road Traffic Injury Accidents and Deaths Recent Road Safety Initiatives by the Government of India

3. 4.

5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

List of Charts
Chart Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Name of Chart Total number of road accidents, persons killed and persons injured during 20022011 Number of road accidents per lakh population (1970-2011) Number of road accidents per 10,000 vehicles (1970-2011) Number of road accidents per 10,000 km of road length (1970-2011) Number of persons injured per lakh of population (1970-2011) Number of persons killed per lakh population (1970-2011) Number of persons injured per 10,000 vehicles (1970-2011) Number of persons killed per 10,000 vehicles (1970-2011) Number of persons injured per 10,000 km of road length (1970-2011) Number of persons killed per 10,000 km of road length (1970-2011) Number of road accidents per lakh population (State/UT-wise) during 2011 Number of persons killed per lakh population (State/UT-wise) during 2011 Number of road accidents per 10,000 vehicles (State/UT-wise) during 2011 Number of persons killed per 10,000 motor vehicles (State/UT-wise) during 2011 Severity of road accidents across States/UTs during 2011 Accident severity in select cities 2011 Per cent share in total road accidents by type of motor vehicle (primarily responsible): 2011 Per cent share of persons killed in road accidents by type of motor vehicle (primarily responsible): 2011 Per cent share of persons injured in road accidents by type of motor vehicles (primarily responsible): 2011 Distribution of total number of road accidents as per time of occurrence: 2011 Road Accident victims (other than drivers) by Age Group: 2011 Causes of road accidents: 2011 Country-wise Number of People Killed per 100,000 Population Total Number of Road/Injury Accidents (India and China): 2004 to 2009 Total number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents (India and China): 2004 to 2009

ii

List of Tables
Table Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Name of Table Growth in Select Accident Related Parameters: CAGR in per cent Number of Accidents and Number of Persons Involved: 2002 to 2011 All India Share of Select States (in %): Road Accidents, Injuries, Deaths and Registered Motor Vehicles: 2008 to 2011 Severity of Road Accidents in India (States/UTs wise): 2008 to 2011 Per cent Share of 37 Cities in Road Accidents during 2011 Road Accident Profile of Select Cities (2011) Number of Accidents and Number of Persons Killed and Injured as per Type of Road: 2002 to 2011 Number of Accidents, Persons Killed & Injured as per Road Classification (2011) Share of Different Vehicles in total Road Accidents, Fatal Accidents, Persons Killed and Persons Injured (2011) Road Accidents as per the Time of Occurrence (2011) Cross Country Comparison of Incidence of Road related Deaths and Injury Accidents in 2009 Trends in Road Accident Scenario: India and China (2004 to 2009)

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List of Annex
Annex Number I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIII XIV XV XVI XVII XVIII XIX Name of Annex Road Accidents, Persons Killed and Injured: 1970-2011 Total Number of Road Accidents in India: 2008 to 2011 Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents in India: 2008 to 2011 Total Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents in India: 2008 to 2011 Total Number of Road Accidents on National Highways: 2008 to 2011 Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents on National Highways: 2008 to 2011 Total Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents on National Highways: 2008 to 2011 Total Number of Road Accidents on State Highways: 2008 to 2011 Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents on State Highways: 2008 to 2011 Total Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents on State Highways: 2008 to 2011 Total Number of Road Accidents in India classified according to Cause of Accidents: 2011 Accidents caused due to Intake of Alcohol/Drugs and Exceeding Lawful Speed by Drivers: 2011 Accidents Caused due to Over-Loading/Over-Crowding/Load Protruding: 2011 Total Number of Road Accidents in India classified according to Types of Vehicles and Objects Primarily Responsible: 2011 Percentage share in Total Registered Motor Vehicles in India as on 31st March, 2008 to 2011 Total Number of Fatal Road Accidents in States/UTs: 2008 to 2011 Total Number of Accidents, Number of Persons Killed and Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents in Urban & Rural Areas: 2011 Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents in terms of Road User Categories: 2011 Accidents Classified According to Educational Qualification of Drivers: 2011

iv

Road Accidents in India: 2011


1. Introduction

1.1 Road accidents are a human tragedy, which involve high human suffering. They impose a huge socio-economic cost in terms of untimely deaths, injuries and loss of potential income. The ramifications of road accidents can be colossal and its negative impact is felt not only on individuals, their health and welfare, but also on the economy. Consequently, road safety has become an issue of national concern. 1.2 Expansion in the road network, surge in motorization and a rising population of a country contribute towards increasing numbers of road accidents, road accident injuries and road accident fatalities. The road network in India, the numbers of registered motor vehicles in the country and the countrys population have increased at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.4 per cent, 9.9 per cent and 1.6 per cent, respectively, during the decade 2001 to 2011. During the same period, the number of road accidents in the country increased at a CAGR of 2.1 per cent. Similarly, the number of road accident fatalities and the number of persons injured in road accidents in the country between 2001 and 2011 increased by 5.8 per cent and 2.4 per cent, respectively. 2. Trends in Road Accidents, Injuries and Fatalities

2.1 While the CAGR of the number of accidents and the number of road accident injuries has moderated during the decade 2001 to 2011, as compared to the previous decade 1991 to 2001, there has been a spurt in the CAGR of the number of road accident fatalities during the latter period (Table 1). Table 1: Growth in Select Accident Related Parameters: CAGR in per cent Period Number Number Number Number of Road Length of of of Registered (in Accidents Fatalities Persons Vehicles kilometre) Injured 2001/1991 3.2 3.7 4.7 9.9 3.7 2011/2001 2.1 5.8 2.4 9.9 3.4 2.2 Between 1970 and 2011, the number of accidents increased by 4.4 times accompanied with 9.8 times increase in fatalities and 7.3 times increase in the number of persons injured, in the backdrop of more than 100 fold increase in the number of registered motor vehicles and close to 4 fold increase in the road network (Annex-I). 2.3 As a result of concerted and coordinated road safety efforts there has been a decline of the order 3.1 per cent and 0.4 per cent in the number of persons injured and the number of road accidents, respectively, in 2011, compared to 2010. However, the number of fatalities increased by 5.9 per cent in 2011.

Trends in Number of Accidents, Injuries and Fatalities The total number of road accidents in India during calendar year 2011 was 4,97,686, having declined by 0.4 per cent over 2010 level. For the first time since 2003, the total number of road accidents registered a decline. Growth in the number of persons killed in road accidents moderated from 7 per cent in 2010 to 5.9 per cent during 2011. The number of persons injured in road accidents during 2011 at 5,11,394 were lower by 3.1 per cent as compared with 2010 level.

Profile of Road Accidents 2.4 During 2011, a total of 4,97,686 road accidents were reported by all States/Union Territories (UTs) (Chart 1). Of these, about 24.4 per cent (1,21,618) were fatal accidents. The number of persons killed in road accidents were 1,42,485, i.e. an average of one fatality per 3.5 accidents. The proportion of fatal accidents in total road accidents has consistently increased since 2002 from 18.1 per cent to 24.4 per cent in 2011 (Table 2). The severity of road accidents, measured in terms of persons killed per 100 accidents, has also increased from 20.8 in 2002 to 28.6 in 2011.

Chart 1 : Total number of Road Accidents, Persons Killed & Persons Injured during 2002-2011
600,000 500,000

Number

400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Year
Total No. of Road Accidents Total No. of Persons Killed Total No. of Persons Injured

Table 2: Number of Road Accidents and Number of Persons Involved: 2002 to 2011 Number of Accidents Number of Persons Accident Year Severity* Total Fatal Killed Injured 4,07,497 73,650 (18.1) 84,674 408,711 20.8 2002 4,06,726 73,589 (18.1) 85,998 435,122 21.1 2003 4,29,910 79,357 (18.5) 92,618 464,521 21.5 2004 4,39,255 83,491 (19.0) 94,968 465,282 21.6 2005 4,60,920 93,917 (20.4) 105,749 496,481 22.9 2006 4,79,216 1,01,161 (21.1) 114,444 513,340 23.9 2007 4,84,704 1,06,591 (22.0) 119,860 523,193 24.7 2008 4,86,384 1,10,993 (22.8) 125,660 515,458 25.8 2009 4,99,628 1,19,558 (23.9) 134,513 527,512 26.9 2010 4,97,686 1,21,618 (24.4) 1,42,485 5,11,394 28.6 2011 (P) (P): Provisional. Source: Information supplied by States/UTs (Police Departments). Figures within parentheses indicate share of fatal accidents to total accidents. * Accident Severity : No. of Persons Killed per 100 Accidents 3. Normalized Indicators of Road Accidents, Injuries & Fatalities: All India Averages

3.1 To get an appropriate measure of incidence of accidents, normalized/standardized accident rates for India have been worked out in terms of number of accidents (a) per lakh persons, (b) per ten thousand motor vehicles and (c) per ten thousand kilometres of road length. Some of the broad trends at the all-India level are summarized below. a. Number of accidents per lakh population increased from 21.2 in 1970 to 22.8 in 1980, followed by a sharp increase to 33.8 in 1990. Between 2000 and 2005, it fluctuated in the range of 38 to 40; moving above 42 in recent years (2007 and 2008); a slight dip to 41.9 in 2009, followed by a rise to 42.5 in 2010. In the latest year, 2011, there has been a decline to 41.1 (Chart 2).

Chart 2 : Number of Road Accidents per Lakh Population (1970-2011)


40.1 41.1 42.5

45.0
39.0 39.8 41.4

33.8

35.0 30.0

20.0 15.0 10.0 5.0 0.0


21.2

b. A significant decline in the number of accidents per ten thousand motor vehicles is discernible from 814.4 in 1970 to 35.1 in 2011 (Chart 3).
Chart 3 : Number of Road Accidents per Ten Thousand Vehicles (1970-2011)
900.0 800.0 700.0 600.0 500.0 400.0 300.0 200.0 100.0 0.0

814.4

338.9

22.8

25.0

147.6

73.8

39.4

69.2

80.1

60.7

59.1

53.9

51.4

49.6

46.0

42.3

40.0

38.6

38.3

42.5

41.9

42.3

39.1

35.1

c. The trend in the number of accidents per ten thousand kilometres of the road length shows that the number of accidents have increased over the last few decades, from 960 in 1970 to 1,027 in 1980; peaked to 1,424 in 1990; but declined thereafter, fluctuating within a band of 1,100 to 1,200 per ten thousand kilometres. During 2011, the figure stood at 1,061 (Chart 4).
Chart 4 : Number of Road Accidents per Ten Thousand Kilometres of Road Length (1970-2011)
1600.0
1,202 1,189 1,187

1,188

1400.0
1,177 1,424 1,027

1,153

1,193

1,153

1,179

1,088

1,090

1200.0 1000.0 800.0 600.0 400.0 200.0 0.0


960

d. There has been more than three-fold increase in the number of persons injured per lakh of population from 13 in 1970 to 42.3 in 2011 (Chart 5), while persons killed per lakh of population jumped four-fold from 2.7 in 1970 to 11.8 in 2011 (Chart 6). Exposure of population to road accidents leading to deaths and injuries largely depends on the amount of travel undertaken, defined as the number of trips, the distance travelled, or time in the road environment, number of motor vehicles and the amount of motorized traffic, etc. These factors are associated with development and income levels. In high income countries, risk of road accidents arising out of these factors have been reduced through effective road safety engineering, traffic management, enforcement of traffic laws and the severity of penalties for infringement.

1,061

Chart 5 : Number of Persons Injured per Lakh Population(1970-2011)


44.4 42.3 44.8

50.0
39.2 40.7

39.3

30.0 25.0 20.0

10.0 5.0 0.0

13.0

14.0 12.0
10.1 10.5 8.6 10.8 11.8 11.4

10.0
7.8 8.1

16.2

15.0

Chart 6: Number of Persons Killed per lakh Population (1970-2011)

29.2

35.0

38.9

43.0

40.0

6.5

6.0 4.0
2.7

2.0 0.0

e. As regards the number of persons injured and killed per 10,000 vehicles the decline has been dramatic. To some extent, the decline in this parameter has been brought about by improvements in vehicle crashworthiness and occupant protection. The number of persons injured per 10,000 vehicles has declined from 500 in 1970 to 36 in 2011 (Chart 7). Similarly, the number of persons killed per 10,000 vehicles in the country has also fallen from about 104 in 1970 to 10 in 2011 (Chart 8). 6

3.6

7.8

8.1

8.6

8.0

9.5

44.6

45.7

45.0

42.2

45.5

Chart 7 : Number of Persons Injured per Ten Thousand Vehicles (1970-2011)


600.0

500.0

400.0

127.5

200.0

241.3

300.0

500.4

73.7

81.7

69.4

64.9

63.9

57.1

53.1

49.7

44.8

41.3

0.0

Chart 8 : Number of Persons Killed per Ten Thousand Vehicles (1970-2011)


120.0

100.0

80.0

103.5

60.0

53.1

40.0

28.2

14.7

16.2

14.4

12.8

12.7

11.7

11.8

11.8

11.4

0.0

f. Modern road systems are largely designed for the motor vehicles exposing vulnerable road users to greater risk of accidents. In developing countries, lack of foot-paths, service lanes, cycle tracks, traffic calming measures to reduce speed where non-motorized mode of transport blend with motorized traffic, increases the risk of accidents and its severity. These factors have contributed towards increase in road related accidents, injuries and deaths in relation to rise in terms of road length. High-income countries have made progress in providing facilities for pedestrians and cyclists alongwith speed reduction schemes, thereby 7

10.9

20.0

10.5

10.0

36.0

100.0

55.4

weakening the nexus between road accidents, injuries and deaths with expansion in road network. The numbers of persons injured per ten thousand kilometres of road length have risen from around 590 in 1970 to 1,105.6 in 2011 (Chart 9). Similarly, persons killed per ten thousand kilometres of road length increased 2.5 times from 122 in 1970 to 308.1 in 2011 (Chart 10).
Chart 9 : Number of Persons Injured per Ten Thousand Kilometres of Road Length (1970-2011)
1,201

1400.0
1,201

1,193

1,153

1,151

1,283

1,279

1,278

1200.0 1000.0 800.0 600.0 400.0 200.0 0.0


590 731 1,230

1,233

Chart 10 : Number of Persons Killed per Ten Thousand Kilometres of Road Length (1970-2011)
350.0 300.0
237 240 247 285 281 294 304

1,221

273

256

150.0 100.0 50.0 0.0


122

161

200.0

244

249

273

250.0

292

1,273

1,090

4.

Road Accidents: Inter State Comparisons

4.1 Table 3 provides a share of top five States in India in total number of road accidents, persons killed and persons injured in road accidents in the backdrop of their share in Indias motor vehicle population. Table 3: All India Share of Select States (in %): Road Accidents, Injuries, Deaths and Registered Motor Vehicles: 2008 to 2011 State/UT 2008 2009 2010 2011 (P) Top* 5 States: Share in Total Number of Road Accidents (in %) 55.4 55.3 55.5 54.8 Share of 5 States 1.Maharashtra 15.6 14.8 14.3 13.8 2.Tamil Nadu 12.5 12.5 13.0 13.2 3. Madhya Pradesh 9.0 9.7 10.0 9.9 4.Karnataka 9.5 9.3 9.3 9.0 5.Andhra Pradesh 8.8 9.0 8.9 8.9 Share of the above 5 42.0 42.1 42.6 42.7 States in total Registered Vehicles. Top* 5 States: Share in Total Number Killed in Road Accidents (in %) 50.5 50.6 50.4 52.2 Share of 5 States 1.Uttar Pradesh 11.0 11.6 11.3 15.1 2.Tamil Nadu 10.7 10.9 11.5 10.8 3.Andhra Pradesh 11.5 11.8 11.7 10.6 4.Maharashtra 10.3 9.1 9.2 9.2 5.Rajasthan 7.0 7.2 6.8 6.5 Share of the above 5 45.8 45.8 45.3 45.5 States in total Registered Vehicles. Top* 5 States: Share in Total Number of Injuries in Road Accidents (in %) 56.6 55.6 55.9 56.8 Share of 5 States 1.Tamil Nadu 13.4 13.7 14.3 14.5 2. Karnataka 12.1 12.0 11.7 11.7 3. Andhra Pradesh 11.2 10.6 10.8 10.9 4. Madhya Pradesh 9.8 10.1 10.2 10.9 5.Maharashtra 10.1 9.3 8.9 8.9 Share of the above 5 42.0 42.1 42.6 42.7 States in total Registered Vehicles. *: Top 5 according to their respective shares in 2011 P : Provisional 4.2 As can be seen from Table 3, the share of top 5 States in total number of accidents in the country has hovered around 55 per cent, but fell marginally to 54.8 per cent in 2011. The share of the top 5 States in total number of persons killed in road accidents had been around 50 per 9

cent during 2008 to 2010. There was a surge in the total number of persons killed in these 5 States during 2011, taking their proportion to 52.2 per cent. The share of the top 5 States in the number of persons injured remained in the range 55 to 57 per cent. Incidence of Road Accidents, Injuries and Deaths: States & UTs 4.3 Inter-State/UT comparisons of accident related data need to be viewed keeping in mind the differences in road network, state of roads, size of human and vehicular population, levels of urbanization and accident reporting systems. These parameters have implications for accident rates across the States. Incidence of accidents normalized in terms of road length, human population or vehicle population provides comparable accident data across States and UTs. Per Lakh of Population 4.4 There are wide variations among States/UTs as far as the number of road accidents per lakh of population is concerned. During 2011, the number of road accidents per lakh of population was highest in Goa (313), followed by Puducherry (119) in contrast to a low of 2.0 reported by Nagaland (Chart11) (Annex II). Lakshadweep did not report any road accidents during 2011.
Chart 11: Total No. of Road Accidents Per Lakh Population (State/UT-wise) during 2011
350.0 300.0 250.0 200.0 150.0
106 313

119 91 45 50 52 53 41 43.5 44 25 30 34 23 24 20 20.6 21 22 14.9 16 17 19 9 10 14.7 73 67 68 55 61 62

100.0 50.0 0.0


0 2

Lakshadweep Nagaland Mizoram Bihar Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal Jharkhand Arunachal Pradesh Meghalaya Daman & Diu Assam Orissa Tripura Punjab Manipur Dadra & Nagar Haveli Rajasthan Chandigarh Delhi Haryana Himachal Pradesh Gujarat Andhra Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Chhattisgarh Maharashtra Andaman & Nicobar Islands Sikkim Madhya Pradesh Karnataka Tamil Nadu Kerala Puducherry Goa

10

4.5 The highest number of persons killed per lakh of population in 2011 on account of road accidents was in Goa (22.8), followed by Tamil Nadu (21.4) (Annex-III) (Chart 12). On the other hand, Lakshadweep did not report any persons killed in road accidents during 2011, while Nagaland reported 1.3 persons killed per lakh population. 4.6 Goa and Puducherry had the highest number of persons injured per lakh of population at 159 and 135.7, respectively, in 2011, followed by Kerala at 123.9 (Annex-IV). Lakshadweep did not report any persons injured during 2011. Nagaland reported one of the lowest figures of 5.4 persons injured per lakh of population.
Chart 12: Number of Persons Killed (State/UT-wise) Per Lakh Population during 2011
25.0
23 21

20.0
17.9 17.8 17 16

19 18.4

19

15.0
12.4 12.3 11.6 11 11 11.7 12.9 13 13

15 14

10.0
6.7 6.2 5.8 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.8

8.9

9.3

5.0

4.9 4.5

1.3 0

Maharashtra

Jharkhand

Chhattisgarh

Rajasthan

Uttarakhand

West Bengal

Chandigarh

Punjab

Puducherry

Manipur

Sikkim

Bihar

Kerala

Meghalaya

Karnataka

Haryana

Tripura

Orissa

Madhya Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh

Nagaland

Daman & Diu

Lakshadweep

Uttar Pradesh

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

Per Ten Thousand Vehicles 4.7 For the year 2011, Sikkim had the highest number of road accidents per 10,000 vehicle population at about 105 (Chart 13). The lowest figure after Lakshadweep, which did not report any road accidents during 2011, was by Nagaland.

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Jammu & Kashmir

11

Tamil Nadu

Delhi

Mizoram

Gujarat

Assam

Goa

0.0

Chart 13: Number of Road Accidents (State/UT-wise) per 10,000 Vehicles during 2011
120
105

100

80
72 67

60
50 42 42.1 43 44 45 46 51

58

58

40
33.5 28 21 22 22 23 29

39 33.9 34.1

40

20
10 6 4 0 1 10 12 13

17.5 15

18.2

4.8 There are wide variations in the number of persons injured due to road accidents per 10,000 vehicles across States /UTs (AnnexIV). For the year 2011, Jammu & Kashmir had the highest number of persons injured per 10,000 vehicles (108). Amongst the States/UTs with the lowest number of persons injured per 10,000 vehicles were Lakshadweep (0.0), Chandigarh (3.7) and Nagaland (3.9). 4.9 In terms of fatalities, Sikkim had the highest road related accident deaths per ten thousand vehicles (27.3) during 2011 (Chart 14). After Lakshadweep, Nagaland (0.9) had the lowest number of persons killed in road accidents per 10,000 vehicles.

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Chart 14: Number of Persons Killed (State/UT-wise) in Road Accidents per 10,000 Vehicles during 2011
30.0
27.3

25.0

20.0
17.2 16 17.4

19

15.0
13 11.6 10 10.7 10.8 11.4 12.0 12.1

14.8

14.9

10.0
8 7.5 7.7 6 6.8 8 8.7 8.7 8.9

9.4 9.0 9.3

5.0
3.5 2 1.3 0.9 2.9

0.0

Severity of Road Accidents across States/UTs 4.10 Table 4 gives the State/UTwise severity of road accidents in India. In 2011, the highest accident severity was observed in Mizoram (83.5), followed by Punjab (75.7), Uttar Pradesh (73.5) and Daman & Diu (66.0). Despite the State of Nagaland having a very low incidence in terms of number of accidents and number of persons killed per lakh population and per ten thousand motor vehicles, it had the fifth highest severity of road accidents of 64.1 in 2011 (Chart 15).

13

Table 4 : Severity* of Road Accidents in India (State/UT-wise): 2008-2011 S. No. States/UTs Persons Killed per 100 Accidents 2008 2009 2010 2011 (P) 1 Andhra Pradesh 32.4 33.9 35.2 34.3 2 Arunachal Pradesh 47.9 51.6 50.5 47.9 3 Assam 38.6 40.9 38.7 35.7 4 Bihar 43.8 43.6 46.6 47.7 5 Chhattisgarh 22.9 22.2 21.6 21.1 6 Goa 7.6 7.7 7.2 7.3 7 Gujarat 21 22.5 24.9 26.5 8 Haryana 38.8 38.6 42.2 42.8 9 Himachal Pradesh 30.8 37.4 35.9 34.6 10 Jammu & Kashmir 17.8 18.5 17 16.8 11 Jharkhand 39.7 43.4 46 47.2 12 Karnataka 19 19.3 20.7 20.1 13 Kerala 10.5 10.8 11.3 11.8 14 Madhya Pradesh 15.2 15.6 16.2 15.9 15 Maharashtra 16.4 15.8 17.3 19.1 16 Manipur 26.4 21.6 25.6 22.8 17 Meghalaya 41.8 36.4 34.4 35.4 18 Mizoram 57.3 69.8 65.6 83.5 19 Nagaland 92.1 87.3 114.3 64.1 20 Odisha 37.6 39.7 40.8 40.5 21 Punjab 62.7 65.9 64.3 75.7 22 Rajasthan 35.4 36 37.7 39.7 23 Sikkim 40.3 15.4 38.2 26.1 24 Tamil Nadu 21.2 22.6 23.7 23.4 25 Tripura 28.8 26.5 25.6 29.4 26 Uttarakhand 75.7 60.8 62.4 62.1 27 Uttar Pradesh 51.3 52 53.5 73.5 28 West Bengal 39.2 43.7 38.2 37.9 29 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 11.5 12.2 9.5 7.3 30 Chandigarh 30.7 40.3 30.3 31.1 31 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 56 57 64.6 61.2 32 Daman & Diu 58 52.4 64.6 66.0 33 Delhi 24.8 30.9 29.7 28.4 34 Lakshadweep 0 50 0 0 35 Puducherry 12.5 12.8 15.6 15.7 National Average 24.7 25.8 26.9 28.6 P: Provisional Note: * Accident Severity: Road accident deaths/100 accidents

14

Chart 15: Severity of Road Accidents across States/UTs during 2011


90
84

80
74

76

70
64 61 62

66

60

50
43 40 41

47 47.7

47.9

40
34 34.6 31

35.4 36

38

30
20 21 23 23.4

28 26 27

29

20
12

19 16 16 17

10
0

5.

Select Cities: Road Accidents, Injuries, Deaths and Severity

5.1 Till 2010, the data on road accidents was collected from 23 select metropolitan cities of India. Census of India 2011 reported 53 million-plus cities. Of these 53 cities, 39 reported road accident data for 2011. These 39 cities accounted for a share of 17.9 per cent in total road accidents in the country, 12.2 per cent in total persons injured and 9.1 per cent in total persons killed in road accidents (Table 5). 5.2 An important accident related parameter is the extent of accident severity (road accident related deaths per 100 accidents). It varies from a low of 2.2 in Mumbai to a high of about 66.2 in Ludhiana (Table 6). The other cities reporting very high accident severity of more than 50 included Asansol-Durgapur (62.5), Dhanbad (59.4), Varanasi (51.4) and Jodhpur (50.2) (Chart 16). Table 5: Per cent Share of 39 Cities in Road Accidents during 2011 1 All Accidents 17.9 2 Fatal Accidents 9.9 3 Persons Killed 9.1 4 Persons Injured 12.2 Figures for fatal accidents pertain to 38 cities which reported. 15

Table 6: Road Accident Profile of Select Cities (2011)


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 Name of city Fatal Accidents 336 222 229 161 689 275 253 2,007 74 229 495 233 428 407 387 239 189 236 171 396 209 102 52 493 260 123 290 539 321 227 507 62 163 240 N.R. 134 164 73 410 12,025 121,618 Total number of All Persons Accidents Killed 1,299 632 2,020 227 368 230 719 173 6,031 720 3,459 299 1,126 259 7,281 2,065 138 82 803 249 1,109 535 2,030 248 2,651 441 4,995 425 2,002 406 2,906 260 447 207 526 264 1,986 182 3,133 418 1,668 222 616 113 557 55 1,270 517 444 294 685 125 2,694 324 25,471 563 886 384 1,231 236 1,225 507 261 64 1,039 172 1,223 248 492 75 1,262 141 1,343 172 142 73 1,548 414 89,086 13,021 497,686 142,485 Persons Injured 1,046 2,036 185 744 4,952 2,970 1,058 7,226 106 595 817 1,626 2,528 4,053 1,915 2,990 292 525 2,008 2,420 1,811 688 833 741 189 656 3,534 5,059 679 1,144 576 213 1,042 841 511 1,343 908 69 1,286 62,215 511,394 Accident Severity* 48.7 11.2 62.5 24.1 11.9 8.6 23.0 28.4 59.4 31.0 48.2 12.2 16.6 8.5 20.3 8.9 46.3 50.2 9.2 13.3 13.3 18.3 9.9 40.7 66.2 18.2 12.0 2.2 43.3 19.2 41.4 24.5 16.6 20.3 15.2 11.2 12.8 51.4 26.7 14.6 28.6

Agra Ahmedabad Asansol Durgapur Aurangabad Bengaluru Bhopal Coimbatore Delhi Dhanbad Faridabad Ghaziabad Gwalior Hyderabad Indore Jaipur Jabalpur Jamshedpur Jodhpur Kochi Kolkata Kollam Kota Kannur Lucknow Ludhiana Madurai Mallapuram Mumbai Meerut Nagpur Patna Pune Rajkot Surat Srinagar Thrissur Vadodra Varanasi Visakhapatnam Total 39 cities All India

Note: * Accident Severity: Road accident deaths/100 accidents

N.R.: Not reported

16

Chart 16: Accident Severity in Select Cities during 2011


70.0
66 63

60.0

59

51 50

50.0
46 43 40.7 41

48 49

40.0

31

30.0
27 23 24 19 20 20 25

28

20.0
17 17 15 13.3 12 13 11 12 12 10 11 13.3

18 18

10.0

8.5 8.6

8.9

9.2

0.0
Thricchur Jamshedpur Lucknow Jodhpur Jaipur Faridabad Mallapuram Ghaziabad Dhanbad Mumbai Madurai Meerut Bhopal Surat Varanasi Rajkot Indore Vadodra Kota Pune Coimbatore Asansol Durgapur Ahmedabad Hyderabad Aurangabad Bengaluru Ludhiana Kolkata Jabalpur Kannur Srinagar Nagpur Kollam Vizaq Kochi Patna Delhi Gwalior Agra

6.

Accidents in terms of Classification of Roads

6.1 National Highways accounted for 30.1 per cent in total road accidents and 37.1 per cent in total number of persons killed in 2011. State Highways accounted for 24.6 per cent of total accidents and a share of 27.4 per cent in the total number of persons killed in road accidents in 2011 (Tables 7 and 8). Highways permit greater speed resulting in relatively greater number of road accidents and fatalities. State- wise break up of accidents, injuries and deaths due to road accidents on stretches of National and State Highways are given in Annex-V to X.

17

Table 7: Number of Accidents and Number of Persons Killed and Injured as per Type of Road: 2002 to 2011 National Highways State Highways Percentage Share in Percentage Share in Total Number Number Total Number Number of Year Number of Persons of Persons Number of Persons Persons of Road Killed Injured of Road Killed Injured Accidents Accidents 2002 32.3 39.7 32.4 23.5 27.2 25.4 2003 31.4 38.6 30.1 22.4 28.2 26.7 2004 30.3 37.5 30.8 23.5 26.9 24.9 2005 29.6 37.3 31.3 23.6 27.2 25.7 2006 30.4 37.7 30.8 18.5 26.8 24.9 2007 29.0 35.5 30.2 24.4 27.7 26.2 2008 28.5 35.6 28.6 25.6 28.4 27.5 2009 29.3 36.0 29.6 23.8 27.1 25.5 2010 30.0 36.1 31.3 24.5 27.3 26.0 2011(P) 30.1 37.1 30.5 24.6 27.4 26.1 There are no State Highways declared in Arunachal Pradesh, Chandigarh and Delhi. For the years 2002 to 2010, figures furnished by Police Departments of Arunachal Pradesh and Chandigarh include road accidents on 'Other Roads' and those by Police Department of Delhi include road accidents on Ring Road and Outer Ring Road. (P) : Provisional Table 8: Number of Accidents, Persons Killed & Injured as per Road Classification (2011) Road Classification National State Other Highways Highways Roads No. of Accidents No. of Persons Killed No. of Persons Injured 149,732 (30.1) 52,924 (37.1) 156,008 (30.5) 122,239 (24.6) 39,033 (27.4) 133,435 (26.1) 225,715 (45.3) 50,528 (35.5) 221,951 (43.4)

Note: Figures within parentheses indicate share in total accidents, killed and injured in the respective road categories.

7.

Spatial Distribution of Road Accidents (Urban vis--vis Rural)

7.1 In 2011, the total number of accidents that occurred in rural areas was more than that in the urban areas; the former accounting for 53.5 per cent (2,66,231) and the latter accounting for 46.5 per cent (2,31,455) of total accidents (Annex-XVII). Rural areas had more fatalities (63.4 per cent) than urban areas (36.6 per cent). The number of persons injured was also more in rural areas (59.4 per cent) as compared to urban areas (40.6 per cent). 8. Accidents in terms of involvement by Vehicle type

8.1 Motorized vehicles accounted for 92.4 per cent of the total road accidents in the year 2011. Amongst the vehicle categories, two-wheelers accounted for the highest share in total road accidents (23.7 per cent), followed by trucks, tempos, tractors and other articulated vehicles 18

(22.4 per cent), cars, jeeps and taxis (21.3 per cent), other motor vehicles (9.4 per cent), buses (8.7 per cent) and auto rickshaws (6.9 per cent) in 2011 (Table 9). Details of accidents in terms of vehicle typology are given in Annex-XIV. The category of trucks, tempos, tractors and other articulated vehicles accounted for the highest proportion of fatalities (27.4 per cent of the persons killed). The share of various vehicle categories in total road accidents, persons killed and persons injured are given in Charts 17, 18 and 19, respectively. Table 9: Share of Different Vehicles in Total Road Accidents, Fatal Accidents, Persons Killed and Persons Injured (2011) TwoAutoCars, Buses Trucks, Other Other Parameters
wheelers rickshaws Jeeps & Taxis tempos, tractors and other articulated vehicles Motor Vehicles Vehicles/ Objects

Accidents Fatal Accidents Persons Killed Persons Injured

23.7 19.9 19.2 22.5

6.9 4.3 4.3 7.8

21.3 18.2 17.6 20.4

8.7 9.2 9.2 11.0

22.4 28.4 27.4 21.6

9.4 10.4 12.0 9.5

7.6 9.6 10.3 7.2

Note: Two-Wheelers include motor cycles, scooters & mopeds; Other Vehicles/Objects include cycles, cycle rickshaws, hand-drawn vehicles, pedestrians, animals, trees, level crossings & other fixed objects.

Chart 17 : Per cent Share in Total Road Accidents by Type of Motor Vehicle Involved (Primarily Responsible): 2011

Other Motor Vehicles, 9.4 Trucks, Tempos, MAVs, Tractors, 22.4

Other Vehicles/Objects, 7.6 Two Wheelers, 23.7 Auto Rickshaws, 6.9 Car, Jeeps, Taxis, 21.3

Buses, 8.7

19

Chart 18 : Per cent Share of Persons Killed in Road Accidents by Type of Motor Vehicle (Primarily Responsible): 2011

Other Motor Vehicles, 12.0

Other Vehicles/Objects, 10.3

Two Wheelers, 19.2 Auto Rickshaws, 4.3

Trucks, Tempos, MAVs, Tractors, 27.4

Car, Jeeps, Taxis, 17.6 Buses, 9.2

Chart 19 : Per cent Share of Persons Injured in Road Accidents by Type of Motor Vehicles (Primarily Responsible): 2011

Other Motor Vehicles, 9.5

Other Vehicles/Objects, 7.2

Two Wheelers, 22.5

Auto Rickshaws, 7.8

Trucks, Tempos, MAVs, Tractors, 21.6 Buses, 11.0 Car, Jeeps, Taxis, 20.4

8.2 Occupants of (i) trucks, tempos, MAVs and tractors (i) two-wheelers, (ii) cars, jeeps and taxis, and (iv) buses accounted for 27.4 per cent, 19.2 per cent, 17.6 per cent and 9.2 per cent, respectively, of total road fatalities. 8.3 Two-wheelers (26.6 per cent) are the most unprotected road users and have to share scarce road space with motorized vehicles of different engine power and speed resulting in 20

serious conflicts within traffic flows. Pedestrians (9.0 per cent) and bicycle riders (4.8 per cent) are also amongst the vulnerable road users. For State-wise data, refer Annex-XVIII. 9. Time of Occurrence of Road Accidents

9.1 For framing strategies for prevention and for organization of care of accident victims, information on timing of accidents is a prerequisite. During 2011 the slots with high rates of road accidents were 15:0018:00 hours, 09:0012:00 hours and 18:0021:00 hours (Chart 20). The distribution of the total accidents during night time (6 PM to 6 AM) and day time (6 AM to 6 PM) is approximately in the ratio of 2:3 i.e. about 40 per cent during night time and 60 per cent during daytime (Table 10). Table 10: Road Accidents as per the Time of Occurrence (2011) Time No. of Accidents Per cent Share in total Accidents 06:00 - 09:00 hrs (Day) 57,531 11.6 09:00 - 12:00 hrs (Day) 80,709 16.2 12:00 - 15:00 hrs (Day) 75,336 15.1 15:00 - 18:00 hrs (Day) 83,829 16.8 18:00 - 21:00 hrs (Night) 79,555 16.0 21:00 - 0:00 hrs (Night) 52,239 10.5 00:00 - 03:00 hrs (Night ) 33,130 6.7 03:00 - 06:00 hrs (Night) 35,357 7.1 Total 24 hrs 497,686 100.0

Chart 20: Distribution of Total No. of Road Accidents as per time of Occurrence: 2011

06:00 - 09:00 hrs (Day) 09:00 - 12:00 hrs (Day) 12:00 - 15:00 hrs (Day) 15:00 - 18:00 hrs (Day) 18:00 - 21:00 hrs (Night) 21:00 - 0:00 hrs (Night) 00:00 - 03:00 hrs (Night) 03:00 - 06:00 hrs (Night) 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 33,130 35,357 40,000 50,000

57,531 80,709 75,336 83,829 79,555 52,239

60,000

70,000

80,000

90,000

21

10.

Age Profile of Accident Victims (Other than Drivers)

10.1 The detailed age profile of accident victims other than the drivers, for the year 2011, reveals that the age group (25-65 years) accounted for the largest share of 51.9 per cent of total road accident casualties, followed by the age group (15-24 years) with a share of 30.3 per cent (Chart 21). More than half of the road traffic casualties are in the wage earning age group. The loss of the main earning member can be disastrous, leading to fall in income of the household and lower living standards.
Chart 21: Road Accidents victims (other than Drivers) by Age Group: 2011
65 Years & above, 10.4 0-14 years, 7.4 15-24 years, 30.3 25-65 years, 51.9

11.

Causes of Road Accidents

11.1 The high socio-economic cost of the injuries and fatalities, occurring due to road accidents, and the need for effective policies for curbing road accidents make it imperative to study the causes of road accidents. The analysis of road accidents in terms of causal factors reveals that drivers fault is the single most important factor responsible for accidents, fatalities and injuries. Drivers fault accounted for 77.5 per cent (3,85,806 accidents) of total accidents; 72.0 per cent (1,02,620) of the total number of persons killed and 78.2 per cent (3,99,911) of the total number of persons injured in road accidents during 2011 (Chart 22). The fault of the cyclists and that of the pedestrians appears to be of marginal consequence accounting for a share of 1.3 per cent and 2.4 per cent, respectively, in road accidents during 2011. Cyclists and pedestrians were responsible for about 1.8 per cent and 3.1 per cent, respectively, of total number of persons killed in road accidents. Defects in the motor vehicles caused 1.6 per cent of road accidents and 2.1 per cent of fatalities in road accidents. Causes of accidents across the States are provided in Annex-XI.

22

Chart 22: Causes of Road Accidents: 2011


Defect in Road Condition, 1.5 Weather Condition, Defect in Condition of 1.0 Motor Vehicle, 1.6 All Other Causes, Fault of Pedestrian, 14.8 2.4 Fault of Cyclist, 1.3 Fault of Driver, 77.5

11.2 Within the category of drivers fault, accidents caused and persons killed due to Exceeding lawful speed, accounted for a high share of 59.0 per cent (2,27,536 out of 3,85,806 accidents caused by drivers fault) and 58.4 per cent (59,932 out of 1,02,620), respectively. State-wise details are at Annex-XII. 11.3 Intake of alcohol / drugs by drivers resulted in 24,655 road accidents and 10,553 fatalities. As a proportion of total accidents and deaths due to drivers fault, intake of alcohol/drugs accounted for 6.4 per cent and 10.3 per cent, respectively. State-wise details are at Annex-XII. 11.4 Overloading/overcrowding of vehicles accounted for 1,00,238 road accidents and 33,604 road deaths. As a share of total road accidents and deaths, these figures constituted 20.1 per cent and 23.6 per cent, respectively. State-wise details are at Annex-XIII. 12. International Comparison of Road Traffic Injury Accidents and Deaths

12.1 Cross country comparisons of incidence of road accident related deaths and injury accidents per lakh persons as per World Road Statistics (WRS) 2011 (published by International Road Federation, Geneva) showed lower incidence of both the parameters for India in comparison to many developed and developing countries (Table 11). In 2009, the number of road accident deaths per lakh of population at 10.83 in India was much lower compared with South Africa (27.92), Malaysia (24.56), Russian Federation (18.39), Kuwait (14.56), Republic of Korea (11.98), Jordan (11.36) and USA (11.01) (Chart 23). For the year 2009, South Africa reported the highest figure of 27.92 and Niger reported the lowest number of deaths per lakh population at 2.35 in 2009. Countries which recorded a lower number of persons killed per 1,00,000 populations were United Kingdom (3.59), Brazil (3.81), Japan (4.52), Germany (5.07), China 23

(5.09), Denmark (5.48), Canada (6.55), Australia (6.81), France (6.82), Italy (7.04) and Indonesia (8.69).

Chart 23: Country-wise Number of Persons Killed per 100,000 Population

35
24.16

30
18.57

25 20 15
4.04 4.13 5.45 5.55 8.88 10.83 12.08 12.25 12.53 16.26 17.49

10 5 0
1.21 1.68

Injury accidents per lakh of population in India was substantially lower at around 36.58 when compared with France (115.49), United Kingdom (265.21), South Africa (304.15), Canada (371.08), Germany (379.59), Republic of Korea (475.91) and the U.S.A. (504.16). For 2009, the highest figure was reported by Japan (577.52) and Niger (5.41) reported the lowest figures in respect of injury accidents per 100,000 persons. A cross country comparison of incidence of road related deaths and injury accidents of select countries are given in Table 11.

6.86

7.39

7.48

7.91

24

8.27

21.06

31.18

31.25

Table 11: Cross Country Comparison of Incidence of Road related Deaths and Injury Accidents in 2009* Sl. No. Country Killed per 100,000 Injury Accidents per Population 100,000 Population

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

Anguilla Australia Brazil Canada China Denmark France Germany India Indonesia Italy Japan Jordan Korea, Republic of Kuwait Malaysia Niger Philippines Qatar Russian Federation South Africa United Kingdom United States of America

31.25 (2007) 6.81 3.81 6.55 5.09 5.48 6.82 5.07 10.83 8.69 7.04 4.52 11.36 11.98 14.56 24.56 2.35 1.21 (2008) 17.49 (2007) 18.39 27.92 3.59 11.01

N.A. 6.15 31.48 371.08 17.90 75.49 115.49 379.59 36.58 27.38 357.69 577.52 N.A. 475.91 N.A. N.A. 5.41 4.39 (2008) N.A. 143.53 304.15 (2007) 265.21 504.16

Note: Injury accident refers to road accident resulting in at least one injury or death. * Data for 2009 or for the latest year available & reported in WRS 2011 and indicated in parentheses. Sources: 1. For India Transport Research Wing, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways. 2. For Other Countries WRS, 2011.

12.2 A comparative status of road accidents and persons killed in China and India is given in Table 12. Charts 24 and 25 clearly bring out that in China both road accidents and fatalities are on a downward slide, while in India both road accidents and the number of persons killed are steadily rising.
Table 12: Trends in Road Accident Scenario: India and China (2004 to 2009) Year No. of Road Accidents No. of Persons Killed India China India China

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

429,910 439,255 460,920 479,216 484,704 486,384

517,889 450,254 378,781 327,209 265,204 238,351

92,618 94,968 105,749 114,444 119,860 125,660

107,077 98,738 89,455 81,649 73,484 67,759

Sources: 1. For India Transport Research Wing, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways. 2. For China WRS, 2011.

25

Chart 24: Total Number of Road / Injury Accidents (India and China): 2004 to 2009
600,000
517,889

500,000

450,254

460,920

479,216

484,704

486,384

Number

400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0

429,910

439,255 378,781 327,209 265,204 238,351

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Year
India China

Chart 25: Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents (India and China): 2004 to 2009
140,000 120,000 100,000
107,077 98,738 92,618 94,968 105,749 114,444 119,860 125,660

Number

80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0

89,455

81,649

73,484

67,759

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Year
India China

26

13.

Recent Road Safety Initiatives by the Government of India

Measures taken to minimize accidents 13.1 The main thrust of accident prevention and control across the world has been on 4 Es, vis. (i) Education, (ii) Enforcement, (iii) Engineering and (iv) Environment and Emergency care of road accident victims. The Government of India has been focusing on all these four approaches in its policies and programmes and proposes to add two more Es i.e. Engineering (Vehicles) and Enactment with appropriate measures to strengthen the machinery both at Central, State and District level to look after road safety issues. 13.2 As per the deliberations in the 12th meeting of the National Road Safety Council (NRSC), held on 25th March 2011 the Ministry constituted five separate working groups on four Es of Road Safety viz. (i) Education (ii) Enforcement (iii) Engineering (roads as well as vehicles) and (iv) Emergency care to deliberate in detail and submit their recommendations on short term and long term measures to curb road accident in the country. NRSC in its 13th meeting held on 29th February 2012, deliberated on the recommendations of all the five working groups. A synthesis report containing all the major recommendations of five Working Groups has been hosted on the Ministrys website. Follow-up action on the recommendations of the Working Groups is in process. The Ministry intends to bring out a detailed policy document including action on road safety on the basis of recommendations of the reports of the Working Group on 4 Es. Steps taken by Central Government to improve road safety 13.3 Road safety is a multi-sectoral and multi-dimensional issue requiring a multipronged approach at various levels. This Ministry has taken several steps to improve safety for road users, which are as under: i) The Government has already approved a National Road Safety Policy. This Policy outlines various policy measures such as promoting awareness, establishing road safety information data base, encouraging safer road infrastructure including application of intelligent transport, enforcement of safety laws, etc. The Government has constituted National Road Safety Council as the apex body to take policy decisions in matters of road safety. The Ministry has requested all States/UTs for setting up of State Road Safety Councils and District Road Safety Committees. The Ministry has adopted a multi pronged strategy to address the issue of road safety based on four Es of Road Safety viz. (i) Education (ii) Enforcement (iii) Engineering (roads as well as vehicles) and (iv) Emergency care. Road safety has been made an integral part of road design at the planning stage. Road Safety Audit of selected stretches of National Highways/Expressways. Establishment of driving training institutes. Tightening of safety standards of vehicles like helmets, seat belts, power-steering, rear view mirror. Publicity campaigns on road safety awareness.

ii)

iii)

iv) v) vi) vii) viii)

27

Road Safety Framework for the Twelfth Five Year Plan: 13.4 While formulating schemes and preparing for the requirement of funds for the Twelfth Five Year Plan in road transport sector, the recommendations of the following committees have been relied upon: i) Sundar committee ii) Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety by WHO iii) Working groups set up by the National Road Safety Council on 4Es i.e Education, Enforcement, Engineering (Roads and Vehicles) and Emergency care. iv) Sub-Groups constituted by Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (MORTH) on Road Transport for the formulation of Twelfth Five Year Plan on: Passenger and Freight Traffic Assessment and Adequacy of Fleet and Data Collection and Use of IT in Transport Sector; State Road Transport Undertakings; Road Safety and HRD; Policy Issues; and Strengthening of Road Transport Division in the MORTH 13.5 While formulating schemes for the Road Transport Sector and working out requirement of funds for the Twelfth Five Year Plan, emphasis has been given for implementation of National Road Safety Policy on 6 Es (earlier 4 Es) i.e. education, enforcement, engineering (roads), engineering (vehicles), emergency care and enactment, strengthening of institutional mechanism and other important issues like: Networking of ambulances, cranes, interceptors supported by a call centre with a toll free number operated on 24x7 basis. Thrust on research and development (R&D) through setting up of centres of excellence for road safety. Thrust on drivers training institutes, inspection and certification centres, education and awareness, use of Intelligent Transport System (ITS), database on smart cards and computerization of legacy data about driving license (DL) and registration certificates (RC). Data collection and evaluation by replicating Tamil Nadu model for road accident data management system. Training for drivers (Induction and refresher), training of driving instructors, training of engineers on road safety, training in first aid, training of road safety auditors, training of traffic police personnel, transport officials, etc. Introduction of a new award/incentive scheme for the States in order to reduce road accident possibly on the lines of Nirmal Gram Puraskar being constituted by Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation. Special incentive / award to road accident free districts. To address rural transportation and related aspects of road safety on state highways, other district roads, major district roads and rural roads and to make the government machinery more responsive on the issues of road safety. Workshops on regional level to be organized with all possible stake-holders. 28

High accident spots/zones in the country to be identified and necessary actions like improving the road design and providing emergency medical care, deploying traffic marshals, providing latest equipments for road safety, creating round-the-clock call centres for medical assistance, identifying and training volunteers from the population living nearby these accidents prone spots to be done in a time-bound manner in 201213. The Ministry to have a targeted approach and monitor the impact of the measures taken for improving road safety scenario on terms of accidents and fatalities. Devising an objective testing procedure for issuing driving licences. It will be the Ministrys endeavour to make road safety a social movement in collaboration with schools, colleges and universities. 13.6 The proposed new schemes during Twelfth Five Year Plan are: (i) Training of Driving Training Instructors Through Institutes of Driving Training & Research (IDTRs) and Driving Training Institutes (DTIs), 5,000 driving training instructors are to be produced per annum. Qualified and certified trainers to be engaged in driving schools for imparting proper training to the drivers at induction level. (ii) Training of Engineers on Road Safety Every year, 500 civil engineers of clients, consultants and contractors to be trained on standard training modules on road safety engineering through IAHE. (iii) Training in first aid Truck, bus drivers to be trained in basic first aid. All ambulance service personnel, toll booth operators and personnel to be trained in first aid and trauma care for spinal and head injuries. Training through recognized medical colleges. (iv) Training of road safety auditors Building of capacity for road safety auditing and training by developing standardized training course content based on reviewing the current courses being held by IRF, ARRB and CRRI. (v) Training of traffic police and officials of Enforcement Division of Transport Department Standard modules to be prepared by MORTH for training of traffic police by the Ministry Traffic management and training to be imparted through State Police Academies. (vi) Motor Accident Claims Tribunal (MACT) State Governments empowered under the Motor Vehicles Act (MVA) to set up MACTs for adjudicating compensation claims. Ministry of Law and Justice has advised MORTH to make adequate budget provision for setting up MACTs.

29

(vii) Research and Development Research projects/studies to be sponsored on road safety for planning new schemes and bringing improvement in the existing system through IIT, AIIMS, NITs, Universities, IIMs , CRRI, CIRT, etc. (viii) Centres of Excellence Six centres of excellence proposed to be set up to provide advance training in safety research to increase the knowledge base on road safety issues. (ix) Sponsoring the research projects M.Phil, Ph.D, Post Doctoral and Fellowship Programmes in road safety through these centres of excellence. (x) Institution of Awards to States/Districts Institution of Road Safety Awards to States and Districts with accident free/lowest accident record. (xi) Road Safety Fund During the Twelfth Five Year Plan, MORTH will provide a one-time seed capital to each State depending upon vehicle population of a State/UT. 50 per cent of the amount collected by way of activities under MVA will be credited to this non-lapsable road safety fund, to be used for such area specific road safety activities as approved by State Road Safety Council and District Road Safety Committees. 13.7 Eight Committees have also been constituted by including stakeholders and experts in the relevant field for deliberating on policy issues emerging out of the recommendations of the various study groups. Based on the recommendations of these committees necessary policy changes will be instituted. The eight committees are: (i) Committee on accident data collection and analysis (ii) Committee on emergency care (iii) Committee on road safety engineering aspects (iv) Committee on hosting of national data base on homologation and type approvals (v) Committee on specific grants for research and participation in international committees (vi) Committee on improvements in the vehicle registration system (vii) Committee on compulsory third party insurance cover for all vehicles (viii) Committee on enforcement of MVA, 1988/CMVR 1989 These committees are expected to submit their recommendations by the middle of July 2012. National Road Safety Policy 13.8 A Committee under the Chairmanship of Shri S. Sundar, Former Secretary (MoST) was constituted in the year 2005 to deliberate and make recommendations on creation of a dedicated body on road safety and traffic management. The Committee was also subsequently requested to 30

finalise a draft National Road Safety Policy for consideration of the Government. The Committee while submitting its report in February, 2007 inter alia, recommended a draft National Road Safety Policy. 13.9 The Union Cabinet, in its meeting held on 15.03.2010, approved the proposal of the Ministry to adopt the National Road Safety Policy. The National Road Safety Policy outlines the policy initiatives to be framed / taken by the Government at all levels to improve the road safety activities in the country. Broadly, it aims To promote awareness about road safety issues. To establish a road safety information database. To ensure safer road infrastructure by way of designing safer roads, encouraging application of ITS, etc. To ensure fitment of safety features in the vehicles at the stage of designing, manufacture, usage, operation and maintenance. To strengthen the system of driver licensing and training to improve the competence of drivers. To take measures to ensure safety of vulnerable road users. To take appropriate measures for enforcement of safety laws. To ensure emergency medical attention for road accident victims. To encourage human resource development and R&D for road safety. To strengthen the enabling legal, institutional and financial environment for promoting road safety culture in the country. National Road Safety Council (NRSC)/State Road Safety Councils and District Committees 13.10 NRSC is the apex body for road safety established under Section 215 of Motor Vehicles Act 1988. It is chaired by Minister (RT&H) and Ministers-in-charge of Road Transport of States/UTs, DG Police of all States and representatives from the Ministries/Departments such as Home Affairs, Human Resource Development, Railways, Industry, Petroleum & Natural Gas, Environment & Forests, Health & Family Welfare, etc. are official members. There are 25 nonofficial members. 13.11 Under section 215 of MVA 1988, a State Government by notification in official gazette can constitute a State Road Safety Council comprising a Chairman and such other members as the government considers necessary and on such terms and conditions that the government determines. Similarly, there is also a provision for District Road Safety Committee for each district. 13.12 The Ministry had requested all States/UTs on 18.02.2010 to set up State Road Safety Councils and District Road Safety Committees, if already not done and to hold their meetings regularly. The States/UTs were reminded on 19th July 2011. In response, Governments of Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, J&K, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Tripura have constituted their respective State Road Safety Councils and District Road Safety Committees.

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Multi-Pronged Strategy to improve road safety: Steps envisaged 13.13 The 13th meeting of NRSC, held on 29th February 2012, discussed the following measures to improve road safety: (i) identification of black spots and treatment thereof, (ii) setting up of State Road Safety Councils and District Road Safety Committees, (iii) setting up of road safety fund at State level including mechanism of diverting 50 per cent penalties collected towards traffic violations in this fund, (iv) replication of Tamil Nadu model for implementation of Road Accident Data Management System (RADMS), (v) action against over-loading, action against drunken driving and removal of liquor shops on NHs, (vi) enforcement of use of seat belt by four wheelers and use of ISI helmets by two wheelers, (vii) developing emergency medical services by having a 24X7 call centre with a dedicated common telephone number backed by ambulances, (viii) road accident crash investigation, (ix) conspicuity of non-transport vehicles during night time by fixing reflective tapes, (x) accreditation of IDTRs/DTIs for issuing of permanent driving licenses, (xi) compulsory training before issuance of permanent driving license for commercial vehicles, (xii) accreditation of fitness centres to provide objective fitness certificate by RTOs and developing their audit mechanism, (xiii) improvement of Vahan and Sarthi software for computerization of all RTOs including uploading of legacy data, improvement in the software for recording repeated traffic violations, detection of fraudulent driving licenses, etc. All States were urged to give due priority to road safety and address the above issues in a time bound manner. Amendments in Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 13.14 The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2007 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha in May, 2007. The Bill was referred by Honble Chairman, Rajya Sabha to the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Transport and Tourism. 13.15 The Committee heard various stake-holders and after in-depth examination endorsed the Bill with certain observations as well as suggestions. The report of the Committee was received in April, 2008. This Ministry considered and accepted most of the suggestions of the Committee. 13.16 The Rajya Sabha has passed the Motor Vehicles amendment Bill 2007 on 08.05.2012 and it now awaits the approval of Lok Sabha. It will be tabled in Lok Sabha during Monsoon Session 2012 for further consideration.

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Identification of Black Spots and treatment thereof 13.17 MORTH held a meeting on 13th January 2012 with Principal Secretaries (Transport)/Transport Commissioners and ADGs of Traffic of 13 States with the highest rate of accidents and fatalities (these States account for 90 per cent accidents and fatalities in the country) and reviewed the activities on Road Safety week, the Action Plan by the States for Road Safety for year 2012-13, enforcement of CMVR provisions, constitution and functioning of the State and District Road Safety Councils/Committees, State Road Safety Fund, Road Accident Database Monitoring Systems and their monitoring of the Road Safety activities, identification of black spots etc. All the 13 State Governments were requested to identify black spots and highlight the most serious ones along with the reasons for frequent accidents in those places for treatment as quickly as possible. State Governments were requested to identify the top 25 black spots and communicate to MORTH. MORTH/NHAI will sanction funds for treatment of the identified black spots in each state during the financial year 2012-13. Setting up of Road Safety Fund at State level 13.18 The States / UTs have been advised to set up road safety fund at state level by setting aside at least 50 per cent of the funds generated from fines on account of violation of traffic rules. This fund can be used by the states for various road safety activities in function and maintenance of equipment. Replication of Tamil Nadu Model for implementation of Road Accident Data Management Systems (RADMS) 13.19 Tamil Nadu was the first state in India to announce a Road Safety Policy in April 2007. This was followed by a Road Safety Action Plan. In 2009, as a part of the Action Plan, it developed an easy-to-use software known as the Road Accident Data Management System (RADMS) that records the details of each accident that occurs in the state. The GIS-based system geographically maps accidents, identifies accident-prone spots and displays crash types and other related information at the click of a mouse. The district-wise data that is generated on an hourly, daily, monthly and yearly basis has been helping the Police, Transport and Highway authorities analyze the how, where and why of road accidents, enabling them to plan and implement appropriate remedial measures. The system has been deployed at all the 1,400 police stations of the State and personnel at each station have been trained in its use. Nearly 3,000 accident-prone spots have been identified. The Ministry has requested all States/UTs to replicate the Tamil Nadu Model of setting up of road safety fund. The Ministry is in the process of developing suitable software for this purpose in collaboration with NIC. Improvement of Vahan and Sarathi Schemes of the Ministry with provisions for completion of computerization of all the remaining RTOs, including uploading of legacy data 13.20 Establishment of National Register and launch of National Transport Portal In order to harness the benefits of Information Technology in the Road Transport Sector and to ensure uniformity and inter-operability throughout the country, the Central Government has 33

made provisions in the Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989 for issuance of Smart Card based Driving Licence (DL) and Registration Certificate (RC). MORTH has also developed standardized software, Vahan (for registration certificate) and Sarathi (for driving license) in consultation with National Informatics Centre (NIC) and made it available to all the States free of cost. The software covers both back-end automation of R.T.Os and front-end computerisation to enable issuance of Driving Licence and Registration Certificates in smart card mode. Vahan and Sarathi are conceptualized to capture the functionalities as mandated by Central Motor Vehicle Act, 1988 as well as State motor vehicle Rules with customization in the core product to suit the requirements of all the States and UTs. Vahan and Sarathi have been successfully customized and implemented in 33 States/UTs. SCOSTA (Smart Card Operating System for Transport Application) based smart cards for Registration Certificate & Driving Licence are being issued by 18 States/U.Ts. 13.21 As part of the National e-Governance Programme, MORTH had taken up a Mission Mode Project which aims at Computerization of all the RTOs/DTOs across the country Inter-connectivity to all the RTOs/DTOs Establish State and National Register of motor vehicles. 13.22 The State Register will act as a repository at the state level providing information to State Transport department, RTO, automobile dealers, police department and other Government departments to facilitate Citizen Services. State Register has been established in all 35 States/UTs. In 904 RTOs data have been replicated to State Register. On 20th July, 2011, Honble Minister, Road Transport & Highways launched the National Register and National Transport Portal. He also unveiled the SCOSTA compliant unified visual design of smart card based DLs/RCs. National Register has been established at NIC Data Centre, Hyderabad. The architecture of National Register has been designed for high availability, reliability and scalability. National Register will also act as a database backup for State Register. National Register is connected through high availability NIC Network (NICNET) bandwidth. This supports the real time data replication from State Register to National Register. National Transport Portal has been designed and developed by National Informatics Centre (NIC). National Transport Portal aims to deliver G2G, G2C, G2B services related to Vehicle Registration and Driving License from National Register. 13.23 The National Register and National Transport Portal, which was launched on 20th July 2011, has enabled the Government to provide various benefits to all stakeholders such as: Improved quality of services Improved law abidance Reduced turn-around time of various G2G, G2C, G2B services Anytime Anywhere basis services viz. One Time document submission Availability of hassle free services Availability of MIS for decision making Quick and easy availability of vehicle and DL information to law enforcement agencies viz. Police Department, SCRB/NCRB, etc. Quick and easy availability of information to other government departments 34

Quick and easy tracking of stolen vehicles Easy detection of malpractices Quick and easy verification of documents at inter-state check-post. Real time authentication of documents by enforcement agencies Quick and easy availability of information related to tax due date, fitness due date, DLs/RCs renewal due date, etc. Sharing of relevant information with insurance companies, banks, etc.

13.24 The Ministry at present is addressing certain issues such as access control mechanism and fees for informative services for other government departments, viz. Police, SCRB/NRCB, NIA/NATGRID, etc., for Citizen and for other business entities viz. insurance companies/bankers/Vehicle Manufacturers. Ongoing Schemes of the Ministry to Improve Road Safety Refresher Training for Heavy Vehicle Drivers 13.25 This Ministry has a scheme titled Two days refresher training to heavy motor vehicle drivers in unorganized sector to inculcate safe driving habits and to acquaint the drivers with the rules on roads. As against 15,740 drivers trained during Ninth Five year Plan, 1,92,218 drivers have been trained during the Tenth Five year plan. The Ministry intends to train around 1,00,000 drivers during the financial year i.e. 2012-13 through SIAM, AIMTC, Automobile Association of Upper India; Krishna District Lorry Association, Vijayawada, IDTR, Sarai Kale Khan, New Delhi; Training Institute on Driving and Research Bellary, Karnataka and DTI at Nagaland. The Ministry also intends to issue an advisory to the states to make refresher training compulsory before renewal of licences for heavy commercial vehicles. Setting up of Institutes of Driving Training & Research 13.26 The Ministry has felt the need for developing institutional mechanism to provide training to trainers to impart quality training to the drivers, as nearly 78 per cent of all road accident are cause due to drivers fault. A scheme for setting up of model driving training institute has been formulated by the Ministry. In the Eleventh Five Year Plan, sanction has already been accorded by the Ministry for setting up IDTR in Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Bihar and Tripura. 13.27 The Ministry intends that the IDTR should serve as a Mother institute with a cluster of small institutes in the surrounding districts /areas. The Central Government will sanction and finance one mother/ model institute for each State and UT. However, one such institute cannot cater to all the drivers in State/UTs. State Governments are expected to sanction / finance the cluster Institute by presenting the model institute as a business model for replication in the private sector.

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National Highway Accident Relief Service Scheme (NHARSS): 13.28 The scheme entails providing cranes and ambulances to States/ UTs/NGOs for relief and rescue measures in the aftermath of accidents by way of evacuating road accident victims to the nearest medical aid centre and for clearing the accident site. So far, 347 ten ton cranes and 106 small/medium size cranes have been provided under the scheme. 509 ambulances have been provided to States/UTs/NGOs under the scheme. 13.29 Further, MORTH will provide 140 advanced life support ambulances to 140 identified hospitals to be upgraded under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfares Scheme establishment of an integrated network of Trauma Centers along the Golden Quadrilateral, North-South and East-West Corridors of the National Highways by upgrading the trauma care facilities in 140 identified State Government hospitals. 70 ambulances have already been provided. A proposal for procuring 70 ambulances during the year 2012-13 is under process. 13.30 NHARSS linkage with trauma centres along with deepening the usage of existing ambulances under the NHARSS through dedicated 24x7 call centres linking up with ambulances is contemplated. States such as Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, etc. have put in place this system. A pilot project is being started on national highways around Pune. 13.31 Existing ambulances are meant for basic transportation. A National Ambulance Code which specifies minimum national specification for advanced and basic life support ambulance systems, patient transport ambulance, crash rescue vehicles, dispatch centres, command and control centres is also being developed at the Ministry. Road Safety Equipment 13.32 The Ministry has a scheme under which road safety equipment are provided to States/ UTs for enforcement and implementation of various rules and regulations relating to road safety. Under this scheme so far, 24 interceptors have been sanctioned for the purpose of detection of violation of rules by the road users such as over-speeding, drunken driving, lane jumping, dangerous driving, etc. Presently, the Ministry is in the process of finalizing specifications of road safety equipment for taking procurement action. Publicity Measures and Awareness Campaign on Road Safety 13.33 With a view to spread road safety awareness among the general public, the Government has been undertaking various publicity measures in the form of telecasting/broadcasting of T.V. spots/Radio jingles, display of cinema slides, hoardings, organizing Road Safety Week, seminars, exhibitions, all India essay competition on road safety, printing of handbills/stickers, posters, etc., containing road safety messages for various segments of road users viz. pedestrians, cyclists, school children, heavy vehicle drivers, etc. , painting on road railings on themes of road safety, road safety games, calendars depicting road safety messages, etc. The publicity campaign is being carried out through DAVP, Doordarshan, All India Radio and newspapers during the current financial year. During the year 2011-12, for the first time an internet and SMS campaign was also launched through popular websites. In the year 2012-13 publicity measures are planned

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to be taken up more vigorously with the help of a professional communication strategist. It will be the Ministrys efforts to make road safety a social movement. 13.34 Setting up Model Inspection and Certification Centres for Vehicles The fitness tests of motor vehicles, being carried out presently are visual, completely nonmechanised and nothing but subjective evaluation by the inspecting officer. In order to have an effective system, for inspection and certification of motor vehicles from safety and emission angles, the Ministry intends to put in place a suitably designed system throughout the country for rigorous inspection of motor vehicles and to remove the defects before they are allowed to ply on road. A model of automated Inspection & Certification (I&C) Centre was designed and a scheme for setting up of one such Centre in 10 States on a pilot basis was approved. Nine model I &C Centres have already been sanctioned and some of these are already at various stages of implementation. Road Safety Activities undertaken during the Financial Year 2011-12 The Ministry gave the slogan "Accidents bring tears, Safety brings Cheers" for the year. A National Road Safety Week was observed throughout the Country during January 1 st to 7th, 2012 by involving all stakeholders. Media campaign was launched by the Ministry through the entire Doordarshan network including the Regional Centres and Regional channels, All India Radio, Vividh Bharati and all Regional stations, 35 Private TV Channels, Private FM radio stations throughout the country and in leading newspapers throughout the country with special emphasis on the Road Safety. Road Safety material was despatched in December 2011 consisting of children's activity books (for two age groups), road signage and posters in regional languages to 10,000 schools across the country in order to raise awareness on road safety. Calendars with Road Safety messages were distributed. All State Govts/ UTs and NHAI organised events for the Road Safety Week along with the stakeholders in their respective States such as SIAM, SRTUs, IRF, AIMTC, FIAA, WIAA, Tyre Manufacturers and Auto Spare Parts Manufacturers. Valedictory Function to commemorate successful observance of the 23rd Road Safety Week was held on Lal Chowk in Pragati Maidan on 9.12.2011 in association with SIAM and other stakeholders like AIMTC, AITWA, FIAA and IRF. For the first time, road safety campaign through online media i.e. Internet and SMS was carried out during 2011-12. Complete computerisation of records of RTOs and issuance of driving license, RC and other documents on smart card through central assistance is being carried out. Approximately 95% of the work is complete linking most of the RTOs at the state level and linking of all state level records at the national level for national data base. Development of citizen friendly system - Vahan and Sarathi has already been already launched on 20th July 2011. A series of seminars/workshops across the country have been planned to sensitize all stakeholders and to work in an integrated manner. The first National Workshop on road safety was held at New Delhi on 03.04.2012. The theme was improving the safety of most vulnerable road users. 37

Initiatives of NHAI for Road Safety Activities Safety Measures are in-built in the projects during Design, Construction and O&M. State-of-the-Art Advanced Traffic Management System (ATMS) consisting of emergency call boxes, variable messages signs, CCTVs, traffic counters cum classifiers, etc. has been provided/ being provided on selected sections mostly under NHDP Phase V. Comprehensive Road Safety Manual has been prepared and hosted on NHAI website. Road Safety Audit 13.35 Safety Audit Completed Safety Audit for 12 World Bank Projects of Lucknow-Muzafarpur National Highway Project (LMNHP) of length 483 was completed in April 2010. Reports have been sent to projects sites for implementation. Safety Audit of Western and Southern corridors of in a length of 2,825 km was completed in the Year 2005. Implementation of road safety audit (RSA) report will also be taken up vigorously. Recommendations by the consultants: (i) Short term solutions Inadequate provision of stopping site distance, signage, shoulder width, delineators, pedestrian railing, crash barrier, cats eye, edge marking, chevron marking, lane marking, etc. (ii) Medium term solutions Improvement of junctions, inadequate bus/ truck lay bye, culvert parapet, lack of visibility at night, safety measures for pedestrians, rest areas, culvert protection in median, shoulder consolidation, etc. (iii) Long term solutions Construction of service road, grade separator intersection, pedestrian and two/three wheelers underpasses, flyovers, climbing lane for heavy vehicles at steep gradient. Short term and medium term solutions are being implemented through O&M contracts. Long term solutions will be taken care during six laning of the Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) and for other Highways through separate contracts. In the proposed six laning of the GQ which is partially access controlled the provision of service road, flyover, pedestrian and vehicular underpasses, pedestrian foot over bridge, truck lay bye, bus lay bye, ATMS, etc. are being made. IIT Delhi engaged as safety auditor for Lucknow to Muzaffarpur National Highway Project (PLMNHP) formulated guidelines on Work Zone Safety which has been approved by NHAI for implementation.

Safety audit in progress / recently awarded. Safety Consultants Appointed for PPP Projects (DBFO) and Audit commenced 544 km. on following Sections: Gurgaon-Jaipur, (226km): Surat-Danisar, (239km): Chikaluripet Vijaywada (79km)

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Safety consultancy was recently awarded for 53 (DBFO) projects of total length 4820 km, costing Rs 65 crore all over the country

Road Safety Public Education 13.36 Road Safety Public Education on all four arms (Delhi-Mumbai, Mumbai-Chennai, DelhiKolkata, and Chennai-Kolkata) of GQ as part of the World Bank loan was conducted by the consultants/NGOs in the year 2008 to enhance road safety awareness among drivers and other road users. This study was designed to reduce the risk of accidents through raising the awareness among inhabitants and road users of National Highways. Current Initiatives for Public Education 13.37 As part of public education it has been decided that Media Public Education Campaign will be done on 3,039 km stretches as a part of Consultancy for selection of Media Agency to design and implement publicity campaign for Road Safety and HIV AIDS. 13.38 The goal of this service is to reduce the risk of traffic accidents in the project area through raising the awareness among local residents and the users of National Highways Network of Accidents are to be prevented before, during and after upgrading the National Highways. Route Patrol on National Highways 13.39 The O&M contractor is required to provide round the clock route patrols to assist the road users of the highway, to provide information, feed back and perform functions in relations to incident management. One patrol vehicle covers about 50 km of Highway stretch. The purpose of route patrol is to: Provide the users of the highway with basic mechanical help for vehicles that break down on the National Highway Section. Immediately identify traffic hazards of whatever nature, such as unauthorised parking, public transport vehicles obstructing traffic during passenger loading and unloading, debris, stray animals and the like. The Contractor shall take the necessary measures to remove such obstructions. Provide road user information and to further the image of the National Highway Section. Observe, record and report suspect aspects of the highway, hazards and incidental damage caused by vehicles, floods, storms, or other random events.

Ambulances 13.40 NHAI through concessionaire is providing well equipped Ambulance with requisite Paramedical staff and necessary medical equipment at average 50 km of completed stretch under O&M contract to provide immediate help to accident victims and to take them to the nearest Trauma care centre/ hospital.

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13.41 At present, there are 223 ambulances functioning on various completed Highways under public/private funded sections. Traffic and medical aid posts 13.42 All PPP projects being awarded under the new model concession agreement has a provision for setting up traffic police posts and medical aid posts at the location of each toll plaza. The medical aid posts will have round the clock ambulance service. 13.43 The police/medical aid posts will be made operational in each case on commencement of commercial operations. Cranes 13.44 NHAI is providing 15 MT crane on completed stretch of National Highways through O&M contractor. As per the contract, a crane is required to reach the incident spot within 30 minutes of the occurrence of an incident. There is also a provision of 25/30 MT crane on need basis. 198 tow away crane and route 229 Route Patrol have been provided by NHAI. Wayside Amenities 13.45 NHAI has proposed to develop comprehensive wayside amenities with approximate area of about 20,000 Sqm (2 Ha.) on a land to be given on lease to the entrepreneur on the completed four/six laned sections at every 50 Kms (alternatively). The wayside amenities would include parking lots, snack bar/restaurant, toilets, rest rooms for short stay, first aid, telephone booths, petrol pump/minor repair shops (optional), kiosks for sale of miscellaneous/sundry items, landscaping and space for spreading awareness about various Government welfare programme. 13.46 The structured Wayside Amenities of NHAI shall help Road users and enhance road safety in the following ways: (a) (b) Un-authorized parking of vehicles near unapproved eating joints /dhabas will reduce. Drivers will have quality rest and will be relieved from fatigue.

Present Status 13.47 NHAI has signed lease agreement for eleven locations for establishing, operating and maintaining Wayside Amenities with various entrepreneurs and out of which 4 are functional. 13.48 NHAI also appointed M/s STUP Consultants P. Ltd. to carry out Consultancy Services for identifying more Potential Sites along East West Corridor between Porbandar to Lucknow and North South Corridor between Kanyakumari to Hyderabad to develop Wayside Amenities to facilitate the Road Users.

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Call Centre (i) Recognizing the importance of improving safe travel along National Highways as these roads are marked by high speed and high volume traffic with maximum number of fatal and injury accidents and timely treatment of the injured will save many lives. Also, reporting of information like obstruction of highways due to falling of tree, dharnas, flat tyres, bad road condition, etc., will help NHAI in taking preventive measures and improve maintenance of road and facilitate to serve the road users. (ii) A single 4 digit Toll Free Universal Access Number (UAN) will be provided to the distressed road users for reporting Road Accidents and other issues related to National Highways. On receiving calls from the road users, the Call Centre Agents alert the staff of Control Centres of respecting sections who in turn will provide necessary help to distressed users using Ambulance, Patrol Vehicle, and Crane etc. depending on the need. (iii) Bids were invited for provisioning of region-wise Call Centre catering to different regional languages. The Call Centres were proposed to be set up in backward districts/tribal areas of the country so that by establishing such call centres in those areas, a social development purpose would also be served. However, due to poor response from the bidders in two attempts, the tender process was cancelled. It was felt necessary to review the tender document with reference to the scope of services including location of Call Centres and it was decided to engage Consultant. Bids for appointing Consultants have already been processed and LOA issued on 22.12.2011. Incident Management Services No. of Ambulances in place No. of Tow away cranes No. of Route Patrol vehicles Wayside Amenities Total locations identified on GQ & NS/EW Sites allotted to various agencies Amenities completed & functional Land acquisition/bidding process on 223 198 229

71 11 06 60

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Annex - I

Road Accidents, Persons Killed and Injured: 1970-2011


Year Total Number of Road Accident s (in numbers ) Total Total Populati Total Number Number on of Number of of of India (in Registered Persons Persons thousand Motor Killed (in Injured s) Vehicles numbers) (in (in numbers) thousands) Road Length (in kms) Number of Number of Number of Accidents Accidents Accidents per Lakh per Ten per Ten Population Thousand Thousand Vehicles Kms of Roads Number Number of Number of Persons Persons of Persons Killed Per Killed Per Killed per Lakh Ten Ten Populatio Thousand Thousand n Vehicles Kms of Roads Number Number of of Persons Persons Injured Per Injured Ten per Lakh Thousand Populatio Vehicles n Number of Persons Injured Per Ten Thousand Kms of Roads

1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 1970 114,100 14,500 70,100 539,000 1,401 1,188,728 21.2 814.4 959.8 2.7 103.5 122.0 13.0 500.4 589.7 1980 153,200 24,000 109,100 673,000 4,521 1,491,873 22.8 338.9 1,026.9 3.6 53.1 160.9 16.2 241.3 731.3 1990 282,600 54,100 244,100 835,000 19,152 1,983,867 33.8 147.6 1,424.5 6.5 28.2 272.7 29.2 127.5 1,230.4 2000 391,449 78,911 399,265 1,014,825 48,857 3,325,765 38.6 80.1 1,177.0 7.8 16.2 237.3 39.3 81.7 1,200.5 2001 405,637 80,888 405,216 1,028,610 54,991 3,373,520 39.4 73.8 1,202.4 7.9 14.7 239.8 39.4 73.7 1,201.2 2002 407,497 84,674 408,711 1,045,547 58,924 3,426,603 39.0 69.2 1,189.2 8.1 14.4 247.1 39.1 69.4 1,192.8 2003 406,726 85,998 435,122 1,062,388 67,007 3,528,654 38.3 60.7 1,152.6 8.1 12.8 243.7 41.0 64.9 1,233.1 2004 429,910 92,618 464,521 1,079,117 72,718 3,621,507 39.8 59.1 1,187.1 8.6 12.7 255.7 43.0 63.9 1,282.7 2005 439,255 94,968 465,282 1,095,722 81,502 3,809,156 40.1 53.9 1,153.2 8.7 11.7 249.3 42.5 57.1 1,221.5 2006 460,920 105,749 496,481 1,112,186 89,618 3,880,651 41.4 51.4 1,187.7 9.5 11.8 272.5 44.6 55.4 1,279.4 2007 479,216 114,444 513,340 1,128,521 96,707 42.5 49.6 1,193.1 10.1 11.8 284.9 45.5 53.1 1,278.1 4,016,401 105,353 42.3 46.0 1,179.4 10.5 11.4 291.7 45.7 49.7 1,273.1 2008 484,704 119,860 523,193 1,144,734 4,109,592 114,951 41.9 42.3 1,087.7 10.8 10.9 281.0 44.4 44.8 1,152.8 2009 486,384 125,660 515,458 1,160,813 4,471,510 * 42.5 39.1 1,090.3 11.4 10.5 293.5 44.8 41.3 1,151.2 2010 499,628 134,513 527,512 1,176,742 127,746 * 4,582,439 * 41.1 35.1 1,061.1 11.8 10.0 303.8 42.3 36.0 1,090.3 2011 497,686 142,485 511,394 1,210,193 141,866 * 4,690,342 * Sources: 1. Accidents - State Police Authorities 2. Population - Registrar General of India 3. Road Length - Basic Road Statistics (M/o Road Transport & Highways) 4. Vehicles - Road Transport Year Book (M/o Road Transport & Highways) *: Figures for roads for 2009 to 2011 and those for motor vehicles for 2010 and 2011 are under compilation. Figures for roads for 2009 to 2011 and those for motor vehicles for 2010 and 2011 shown here are provisional. Note: Road length is inclusive of all roads constructed under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana and the erstwhile Jawahar Rozgar Yojana.

42

Annex - II Sl. No. States/UTs State/UT-Wise Total Number of Road Accidents during 2008 3 2009 4 2010 5 2011 (P) 6 Total Number of Road Accidents in India: 2008 to 2011 Share of States/UTs in Total Total Number of Accidents Per Total Number of Road Accidents per Number of Road Accidents Lakh Population 10,000 Vehicles 2008 7 2009 8 2010 2011 (P) 9 10 2008 11 2009 12 2010 13 2011 (P) 14 2008 15 2009 16 2010(P) 2011(P) 17 18 Total Number of Road Accidents per 10,000 Km of Roads* 2008 19 2009(P) 20 2010(P) 21 2011(P) 22

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry Total

42,657 43,600 44,599 280 306 293 4,683 4,869 5,828 8,991 10,065 11,033 12,945 12,888 13,664 4,178 4,165 4,572 33,671 31,034 30,114 11,596 11,915 11,195 2,756 3,051 3,069 5,326 5,945 6,134 4,985 4,996 5,521 46,279 45,190 46,250 37,263 35,433 35,082 43,852 47,267 50,023 75,527 71,996 71,289 573 578 602 294 398 474 110 86 125 76 63 35 8,181 8,887 9,413 5,115 5,570 5,507 23,704 25,114 24,302 196 564 186 60,409 60,794 64,996 767 865 901 1,417 1,401 1,493 25,684 28,155 28,362 12,206 11,134 14,888 191 271 285 482 424 456 116 79 96 50 63 48 8,435 7,516 7,260 12 4 4 1,697 1,698 1,529 484,704 486,384 499,628

44,165 263 6,569 10,673 14,108 4,560 30,205 11,128 3,099 6,655 5,451 44,731 35,216 49,406 68,438 692 599 97 39 9,398 6,513 23,245 406 65,873 834 1,508 29,285 14,945 234 437 103 50 7,281 0 1,480 497,686

8.8 9.0 8.9 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.7 2.6 2.7 0.9 0.9 0.9 6.9 6.4 6.0 2.4 2.4 2.2 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.1 9.5 9.3 9.3 7.7 7.3 7.0 9.0 9.7 10.0 15.6 14.8 14.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.01 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.1 1.1 1.1 4.9 5.2 4.9 0.04 0.1 0.04 12.5 12.5 13.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 5.3 5.8 5.7 2.5 2.3 3.0 0.04 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01 1.7 1.5 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.3 100.0 100.0 100.0

8.9 0.1 1.3 2.1 2.8 0.9 6.1 2.2 0.6 1.3 1.1 9.0 7.1 9.9 13.8 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 1.9 1.3 4.7 0.1 13.2 0.2 0.3 5.9 3.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 1.5 0.0 0.3 100.0

51.8 52.4 53.1 23.4 25.2 23.9 15.9 16.3 19.3 9.6 10.6 11.4 55.6 54.6 57.1 261.8 251.7 266.7 59.5 54.0 51.7 48.0 48.4 44.7 41.8 45.8 45.6 47.3 52.1 53.0 16.5 16.3 17.8 80.4 77.7 78.7 110.2 104.0 102.2 63.8 67.6 70.4 70.0 65.7 64.2 24.2 24.2 24.9 11.6 15.5 18.3 11.3 8.8 12.6 3.5 2.9 1.6 20.6 22.2 23.3 19.1 20.6 20.1 36.7 38.3 36.4 33.2 94.3 30.7 91.4 91.3 97.0 22.0 24.5 25.2 14.9 14.5 15.2 13.5 14.5 14.4 14.0 12.7 16.8 42.5 58.3 59.4 39.3 32.7 33.3 38.8 24.8 28.5 21.0 25.4 18.5 49.7 43.1 40.5 16.2 5.3 5.3 140.9 134.0 114.9 42.3 41.9 42.5

52.2 19.0 21.1 10.3 55.2 312.8 50.0 43.9 45.2 53.0 16.5 73.2 105.5 68.1 60.9 25.4 20.2 8.9 2.0 22.4 23.5 33.9 66.8 91.3 22.7 14.9 14.7 16.4 61.6 41.4 30.0 20.6 43.5 0.0 118.9 41.1

59.2 126.7 41.9 51.7 67.1 67.0 32.7 29.2 74.3 85.9 27.0 74.4 84.1 79.4 56.6 38.9 23.0 16.9 3.4 34.5 11.2 40.2 75.3 50.6 58.6 19.4 26.1 44.2 35.8 6.8 20.2 7.4 14.3 16.6 35.1 46.0

54.1 138.5 39.4 51.4 61.0 61.8 28.2 26.9 61.7 89.1 24.5 65.0 72.9 78.6 49.8 39.2 28.1 12.3 2.6 34.1 11.5 38.7 197.5 47.2 60.1 17.8 26.1 36.6 45.4 5.7 12.5 9.0 11.9 5.5 31.5 42.3

50.0 132.6 42.1 46.8 56.1 62.9 25.4 23.4 57.0 83.0 20.0 51.1 65.0 75.9 45.2 31.0 30.0 15.5 1.4 32.1 10.4 33.9 55.3 46.2 56.3 18.0 23.7 54.2 46.1 4.8 13.9 6.6 10.8 5.1 25.5 39.1

43.3 18.2 41.5 39.9 51.0 57.7 23.2 20.7 49.8 71.8 17.5 45.0 58.0 67.2 39.3 33.5 34.1 10.5 1.4 28.2 12.3 29.1 104.7 42.1 44.4 15.1 22.0 45.8 33.9 4.3 13.5 6.4 10.1 0.0 22.0 35.1

1,955.2 169.8 203.3 748.5 1,739.1 3,953.1 2,296.3 3,901.0 759.3 2,385.9 2,843.5 1,811.6 1,819.9 2,645.8 3,382.0 347.2 298.8 178.6 34.1 379.8 1,132.2 1,382.3 1,046.4 3,333.6 241.7 345.3 902.2 576.4 1,468.1 2,275.7 1,835.4 2,232.1 2,853.6 697.7 6,294.5 1,590.3

1,877.0 150.1 205.5 809.3 1,469.0 4,087.4 2,021.5 3,306.8 686.1 2,418.5 2,405.2 1,643.9 3,048.5 2,542.6 1,802.5 326.1 361.2 111.1 19.3 387.9 714.9 1,154.4 1,343.1 3,233.1 264.0 316.0 855.6 383.7 2,089.4 1,887.7 1,042.5 2,750.2 2,540.1 227.7 6,260.6 1,394.8

1,892.4 138.7 243.4 861.7 1,493.7 4,415.0 1,935.2 3,003.3 656.7 2,380.3 2,475.5 1,650.9 2,920.8 2,634.0 1,753.0 323.6 405.1 143.2 10.5 403.3 672.4 1,088.3 420.8 3,419.9 270.3 318.8 754.0 510.2 2,188.4 2,013.7 1,219.8 2,098.2 2,450.4 219.3 5,607.7 1,387.3

1,855.7 122.0 271.7 817.0 1,501.4 4,291.2 1,933.9 2,666.7 646.1 2,466.7 2,280.5 1,587.5 2,601.3 2,504.2 1,667.1 361.7 499.8 98.9 11.4 363.3 773.6 963.3 876.8 3,424.8 301.9 306.0 750.6 499.5 2,123.4 1,912.9 1,274.4 2,108.3 2,455.8 0.0 5,401.3 1,338.6

(P) : Provisional * State/UT-wise break-up of road length excludes roads constructed under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana and the erstwhile Jawahar Rozgar Yojana for 2008. For 2009, 2010 and 2011, the State/UT-wise break-up of road length excludes road length constructed under the erstwhile Jawahar Rozgar Yojana.

43

Annex - III

Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents in India: 2008 to 2011


Sl. No. States/UTs State/UT-Wise Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents during Share of States/UTs in Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents: 2008 to 2011 Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents Per Lakh Population Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents per 10,000 Vehicles Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents per 10,000 Km of Roads*

2008 3

2009 4

2010 5

2011 (P) 6

2008 7

2009 8

2010 9

2011 (P) 10

2008 11

2009 12

2010 13

2011 (P) 14

2008 15

2009 16

2010(P) 2011(P) 17 18

2008 19

2009(P) 20

2010(P) 2011(P) 21 22

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry Total

13,812 14,770 15,684 134 158 148 1,807 1,991 2,256 3,940 4,390 5,137 2,966 2,865 2,956 318 321 327 7,070 6,983 7,506 4,494 4,603 4,719 848 1,140 1,102 950 1,100 1,045 1,979 2,170 2,540 8,814 8,714 9,590 3,901 3,830 3,950 6,670 7,365 8,085 12,397 11,396 12,340 151 125 154 123 145 163 63 60 82 70 55 40 3,079 3,527 3,837 3,206 3,668 3,542 8,388 9,045 9,163 79 87 71 12,784 13,746 15,409 221 229 231 1,073 852 931 13,165 14,638 15,175 4,789 4,860 5,680 22 33 27 148 171 138 65 45 62 29 33 31 2,093 2,325 2,153 0 2 0 212 218 239 119,860 125,660 134,513

15,165 126 2,342 5,090 2,983 333 8,008 4,762 1,072 1,116 2,572 8,971 4,145 7,869 13,057 158 212 81 25 3,802 4,931 9,232 106 15,422 245 937 21,512 5,664 17 136 63 33 2,065 0 233 142,485

11.5 11.8 11.7 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.5 1.6 1.7 3.3 3.5 3.8 2.5 2.3 2.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 5.9 5.6 5.6 3.7 3.7 3.5 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.7 1.7 1.9 7.4 6.9 7.1 3.3 3.0 2.9 5.6 5.9 6.0 10.3 9.1 9.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.05 0.1 0.1 0.04 0.03 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.6 7.0 7.2 6.8 0.1 0.1 0.1 10.7 10.9 11.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.9 0.7 0.7 11.0 11.6 11.3 4.0 3.9 4.2 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.04 0.05 0.02 0.03 0.02 1.7 1.9 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 100.0 100.0 100.0

10.6 0.1 1.6 3.6 2.1 0.2 5.6 3.3 0.8 0.8 1.8 6.3 2.9 5.5 9.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.02 2.7 3.5 6.5 0.1 10.8 0.2 0.7 15.1 4.0 0.01 0.1 0.04 0.02 1.4 0.0 0.2 100.0

16.8 11.2 6.1 4.2 12.7 19.9 12.5 18.6 12.9 8.4 6.6 15.3 11.5 9.7 11.5 6.4 4.9 6.5 3.2 7.8 12.0 13.0 13.4 19.3 6.3 11.3 6.9 5.5 4.9 12.1 21.7 12.2 12.3 0.0 17.6 10.5

17.8 13.0 6.7 4.6 12.1 19.4 12.2 18.7 17.1 9.6 7.1 15.0 11.2 10.5 10.4 5.2 5.7 6.1 2.5 8.8 13.6 13.8 14.5 20.7 6.5 8.8 7.6 5.5 7.1 13.2 14.2 13.3 13.3 2.7 17.2 10.8

18.7 12.1 7.5 5.3 12.4 19.1 12.9 18.9 16.4 9.0 8.2 16.3 11.5 11.4 11.1 6.4 6.3 8.3 1.8 9.5 12.9 13.7 11.7 23.0 6.5 9.5 7.7 6.4 5.6 10.1 18.4 12.0 12.0 0.0 18.0 11.4

17.9 9.1 7.5 4.9 11.7 22.8 13.3 18.8 15.6 8.9 7.8 14.7 12.4 10.8 11.6 5.8 7.2 7.4 1.3 9.1 17.8 13.5 17.4 21.4 6.7 9.3 10.8 6.2 4.5 12.9 18.4 13.6 12.3 0.0 18.7 11.8

19.2 60.6 16.2 22.7 15.4 5.1 6.9 11.3 22.9 15.3 10.7 14.2 8.8 12.1 9.3 10.2 9.6 9.7 3.1 13.0 7.0 14.2 30.4 10.7 16.9 14.7 13.4 17.3 4.1 2.1 11.3 4.3 3.5 0.0 4.4 11.4

18.3 71.5 16.1 22.4 13.6 4.8 6.3 10.4 23.1 16.5 10.6 12.5 7.9 12.3 7.9 8.5 10.2 8.6 2.3 13.5 7.6 13.9 30.5 10.7 15.9 10.8 13.6 16.0 5.5 2.3 7.1 4.7 3.7 2.8 4.1 10.9

17.6 67.0 16.3 21.8 12.1 4.5 6.3 9.8 20.5 14.1 9.2 10.6 7.3 12.3 7.8 7.9 10.3 10.2 1.6 13.1 6.7 12.8 21.1 11.0 14.4 11.2 12.7 20.7 4.4 1.5 9.0 4.3 3.2 0.0 4.0 10.5

14.9 8.7 14.8 19.0 10.8 4.2 6.2 8.9 17.2 12.0 8.3 9.0 6.8 10.7 7.5 7.7 12.1 8.7 0.9 11.4 9.3 11.6 27.3 9.9 13.1 9.4 16.2 17.4 2.5 1.3 8.3 4.3 2.9 0.0 3.5 10.0

633.1 81.2 78.5 328.0 398.5 300.9 482.2 1,511.8 233.6 425.6 1,128.9 345.0 190.5 402.4 555.1 91.5 125.0 102.3 31.4 142.9 709.6 489.2 421.8 705.5 69.6 261.4 462.5 226.1 169.1 698.8 1,028.5 1,294.6 708.1 0.0 786.4 393.3

635.9 77.5 84.0 353.0 326.6 315.0 454.9 1,277.5 256.4 447.5 1,044.7 317.0 329.5 396.2 285.3 70.5 131.6 77.5 16.9 153.9 470.8 415.8 207.2 731.0 69.9 192.2 444.8 167.5 254.4 761.3 593.8 1,440.6 785.8 113.8 803.8 360.4

665.5 637.2 70.1 58.5 94.2 96.9 401.2 389.6 323.1 317.5 315.8 313.4 482.3 512.7 1,266.0 1,141.2 235.8 223.5 405.5 413.6 1,138.9 1,076.0 342.3 318.4 328.9 306.2 425.7 398.8 303.4 318.1 82.8 82.6 139.3 176.9 94.0 82.6 12.0 7.3 164.4 147.0 432.5 585.7 410.3 382.6 160.6 228.9 810.8 801.8 69.3 88.7 198.8 190.2 403.4 551.4 194.7 189.3 207.3 154.3 609.4 595.3 787.8 779.5 1,355.1 1,391.5 726.7 696.5 0.0 0.0 876.5 850.3 373.5 383.2

(P) : Provisional * State/UT-wise break-up of road length excludes roads constructed under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana and the erstwhile Jawahar Rozgar Yojana for 2008. For 2009, 2010 and 2011, the State/UT-wise break-up of road length excludes road length constructed under the erstwhile Jawahar Rozgar Yojana.

44

Annex - IV

Total Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents in India: 2008 to 2011


Sl. No. States/UTs State/UT-Wise Total Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents during Share of States/UTs in Total Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents: 2008 to 2011 Total Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents Per Lakh Population Total Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents per 10,000 Vehicles Total Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents per 10,000 Km of Roads*

2008 3

2009 4

2010 5

2011 (P) 6

2008 7

2009 8

2010 9

2011 (P) 10

2008 11

2009 12

2010 13

2011 (P) 14

2008 15

2009 16

2010(P) 2011(P) 17 18

2008 19

2009(P) 20

2010(P) 2011(P) 21 22

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry Total

58,741 52,157 53,928 55,583 425 530 491 438 5,081 5,522 7,579 6,505 6,359 7,113 8,106 7,083 12,873 13,274 13,599 13,929 3,167 2,954 2,709 2,318 35,722 32,944 32,449 29,744 10,570 10,481 9,905 9,727 4,714 5,579 5,325 5,462 7,597 8,199 8,726 10,012 4,373 4,406 4,872 4,811 63,314 61,697 61,774 59,591 43,857 41,402 41,473 41,379 51,054 54,611 56,897 55,545 52,780 47,878 46,985 45,628 1,216 1,189 1,132 1,118 355 713 461 591 185 203 252 215 245 151 121 107 10,378 11,296 11,399 11,248 4,196 4,486 4,071 4,081 30,857 32,317 31,033 28,666 246 434 399 321 70,251 70,504 75,445 74,245 1,494 1,342 1,269 1,030 1,765 1,784 1,656 1,712 18,056 20,632 20,113 15,513 13,246 12,186 15,760 14,962 256 342 373 298 437 321 415 370 120 71 134 210 58 69 43 37 7,343 6,936 7,108 7,226 7 3 5 0 1,855 1,732 1,505 1,689 523,193 515,458 527,512 511,394

11.2 10.1 10.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 6.8 6.4 6.2 2.0 2.0 1.9 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.5 1.6 1.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 12.1 12.0 11.7 8.4 8.0 7.9 9.8 10.6 10.8 10.1 9.3 8.9 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.02 2.0 2.2 2.2 0.8 0.9 0.8 5.9 6.3 5.9 0.05 0.1 0.1 13.4 13.7 14.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 3.5 4.0 3.8 2.5 2.4 3.0 0.05 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.01 1.4 1.3 1.3 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.4 0.3 0.3 100.0 100.0 100.0

10.9 0.1 1.3 1.4 2.7 0.5 5.8 1.9 1.1 2.0 0.9 11.7 8.1 10.9 8.9 0.2 0.1 0.04 0.02 2.2 0.8 5.6 0.1 14.5 0.2 0.3 3.0 2.9 0.1 0.1 0.04 0.01 1.4 0.0 0.3 100.0

71.3 35.5 17.3 6.8 55.3 198.4 63.1 43.7 71.5 67.5 14.5 110.0 129.7 74.3 48.9 51.4 14.0 19.1 11.3 26.2 15.7 47.8 41.6 106.3 42.8 18.6 9.5 15.2 57.0 35.6 40.1 24.4 43.3 9.5 154.1 45.7

62.7 43.7 18.5 7.5 56.2 178.5 57.4 42.6 83.7 71.8 14.4 106.0 121.5 78.1 43.7 49.7 27.9 20.7 6.9 28.2 16.6 49.2 72.6 105.9 38.0 18.5 10.6 13.9 73.5 24.7 22.3 27.8 39.8 4.0 136.7 44.4

64.2 40.0 25.1 8.4 56.8 158.1 55.7 39.6 79.1 75.4 15.7 105.1 120.9 80.1 42.3 46.8 17.8 25.4 5.4 28.2 14.9 46.5 66.0 112.6 35.5 16.9 10.2 17.8 77.7 30.3 39.8 16.6 39.6 6.7 113.1 44.8

65.7 31.7 20.9 6.8 54.5 159.0 49.3 38.4 79.7 79.8 14.6 97.5 123.9 76.5 40.6 41.1 19.9 19.7 5.4 26.8 14.7 41.8 52.8 102.9 28.1 16.9 7.8 16.4 78.4 35.1 61.3 15.2 43.1 0.0 135.7 42.3

81.5 192.3 45.5 36.6 66.7 50.8 34.7 26.6 127.1 122.5 23.6 101.8 99.0 92.4 39.6 82.5 27.7 28.5 10.9 43.8 9.2 52.3 94.5 58.9 114.1 24.1 18.4 48.0 48.0 6.1 20.9 8.6 12.4 9.7 38.3 49.7

64.7 239.8 44.7 36.3 62.8 43.8 30.0 23.7 112.8 122.8 21.6 88.7 85.2 90.9 33.1 80.7 50.3 29.0 6.3 43.3 9.3 49.8 152.0 54.7 93.3 22.7 19.1 40.0 57.3 4.3 11.2 9.9 11.0 4.1 32.2 44.8

60.4 222.2 54.8 34.4 55.8 37.3 27.3 20.7 98.9 118.1 17.6 68.3 76.8 86.3 29.8 58.2 29.2 31.3 4.8 38.9 7.7 43.3 118.7 53.7 79.3 19.9 16.8 57.4 60.4 4.4 19.5 5.9 10.5 6.4 25.1 41.3

54.6 30.3 41.1 26.5 50.4 29.3 22.9 18.1 87.9 108.0 15.5 60.0 68.1 75.5 26.2 54.1 33.6 23.2 3.9 33.7 7.7 35.9 82.8 47.5 54.9 17.2 11.7 45.9 43.1 3.7 27.5 4.8 10.0 0.0 25.1 36.0

2,692.4 257.7 220.6 529.4 1,729.5 2,996.5 2,436.2 3,555.8 1,298.7 3,403.2 2,494.4 2,478.5 2,141.9 3,080.4 2,363.4 736.9 360.8 300.4 109.8 481.8 928.8 1,799.5 1,313.4 3,876.7 470.8 430.1 634.3 625.5 1,967.7 2,063.3 1,898.7 2,589.3 2,484.2 407.0 6,880.6 1,716.6

2,245.4 260.0 233.0 572.0 1,513.0 2,899.0 2,145.9 2,908.8 1,254.6 3,335.5 2,121.2 2,244.4 3,562.0 2,937.7 1,198.7 670.8 647.1 262.2 46.3 493.0 575.8 1,485.5 1,033.5 3,749.5 409.6 402.4 627.0 420.0 2,636.8 1,429.1 936.9 3,012.1 2,344.1 170.7 6,386.0 1,478.2

2,288.2 232.5 316.6 633.1 1,486.6 2,615.9 2,085.2 2,657.2 1,139.4 3,386.1 2,184.5 2,205.1 3,452.8 2,995.9 1,155.4 608.5 394.0 288.8 36.2 488.4 497.1 1,389.7 902.7 3,969.6 380.6 353.6 534.7 540.1 2,864.1 1,832.7 1,702.6 1,879.6 2,399.1 274.1 5,519.6 1,464.7

2,335.4 203.2 269.0 542.2 1,482.4 2,181.4 1,904.4 2,331.0 1,138.8 3,711.0 2,012.8 2,114.9 3,056.5 2,815.4 1,111.5 584.3 493.2 219.2 31.3 434.8 484.7 1,187.9 693.2 3,860.1 372.9 347.4 397.6 500.1 2,704.1 1,619.6 2,598.2 1,560.2 2,437.2 0.0 6,164.0 1,375.5

(P) : Provisional * State/UT-wise break-up of road length excludes roads constructed under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana and the erstwhile Jawahar Rozgar Yojana for 2008. For 2009, 2010 and 2011, the State/UT-wise break-up of road length excludes road length constructed under the erstwhile Jawahar Rozgar Yojana.

45

Annex - V Total Number of Road Accidents on National Highways*: 2008 to 2011 States/UTs State/UT-Wise Total Number of Road Accidents on National Highways during 2008 2009 2010 2011 (P) 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 Andhra Pradesh 12,327 11,856 12,340 13,651 2 Arunachal Pradesh 101 113 91 95 3 Assam 2,683 2,808 3,209 3,425 4 Bihar 3,862 4,305 4,857 4,018 5 Chhattisgarh 4,001 4,622 4,248 5,314 6 Goa 1,593 1,467 1,576 1,775 7 Gujarat 7,025 6,640 6,440 6,485 8 Haryana 3,990 4,086 3,905 4,066 9 Himachal Pradesh 1,080 1,066 1,306 1,296 10 Jammu & Kashmir 2,365 2,637 2,271 2,425 11 Jharkhand 1,860 1,894 1,704 2,167 12 Karnataka 12,949 13,893 14,013 14,128 13 Kerala 9,997 9,425 9,461 9,519 14 Madhya Pradesh 10,359 10,769 13,600 11,556 15 Maharashtra 13,866 12,911 12,026 12,530 16 Manipur 292 320 361 378 17 Meghalaya 186 235 320 429 18 Mizoram 58 45 47 32 19 Nagaland 36 37 16 20 20 Odisha 3,635 4,216 4,738 4,279 21 Punjab 1,903 1,684 2,087 2,428 22 Rajasthan 7,811 7,932 7,520 7,273 23 Sikkim 47 211 86 151 24 Tamil Nadu 19,158 21,198 24,083 22,932 25 Tripura 270 295 320 339 26 Uttarakhand 818 792 863 781 27 Uttar Pradesh 9,795 10,917 11,079 11,566 28 West Bengal 4,621 4,714 5,547 4,787 29 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 37 54 117 63 30 Chandigarh 89 64 112 89 31 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 0 0 32 Daman & Diu 0 0 0 0 33 Delhi 875 796 886 986 34 Lakshadweep 0 0 0 0 35 Puducherry 306 509 700 749 Total 137,995 142,511 149,929 149,732 (P) : Provisional * Includes expressways Sl. No.

46

Annex - VI

Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents on National Highways*: 2008 to 2011
Sl. No. States/UTs State/UT-Wise Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents on National Highways during 2008 3 4,172 28 1,245 1,868 1,002 134 1,857 1,775 258 487 882 2,838 1,403 1,909 3,662 81 73 35 31 1,472 1,149 3,495 15 4,417 65 634 5,210 2,115 6 36 0 0 278 0 38 42,670 2009 4 4,655 49 1,275 1,993 1,093 125 1,958 1,800 324 446 455 3,147 1,373 2,198 3,359 61 100 30 28 1,769 1,140 3,432 22 5,282 90 475 5,958 2,143 9 35 0 0 329 0 69 45,222 2010 2011 (P) 5 6 5,122 5,112 33 41 1,401 1,481 2,317 2,232 1,037 1,145 122 116 1,953 2,036 1,845 1,904 369 361 403 565 455 1,009 3,278 3,240 1,371 1,432 2,566 2,327 3,445 3,802 96 94 108 122 23 22 20 12 2,028 1,842 1,293 1,799 3,501 3,459 37 40 6,333 6,052 93 103 538 522 6,122 9,175 2,040 2,373 10 9 34 29 0 0 0 0 343 348 0 0 130 120 48,466 52,924

2 1 Andhra Pradesh 2 Arunachal Pradesh 3 Assam 4 Bihar 5 Chhattisgarh 6 Goa 7 Gujarat 8 Haryana 9 Himachal Pradesh 10 Jammu & Kashmir 11 Jharkhand 12 Karnataka 13 Kerala 14 Madhya Pradesh 15 Maharashtra 16 Manipur 17 Meghalaya 18 Mizoram 19 Nagaland 20 Odisha 21 Punjab 22 Rajasthan 23 Sikkim 24 Tamil Nadu 25 Tripura 26 Uttarakhand 27 Uttar Pradesh 28 West Bengal 29 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 30 Chandigarh 31 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 32 Daman & Diu 33 Delhi 34 Lakshadweep 35 Puducherry Total (P) : Provisional * Includes expressways

47

Annex - VII

Total Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents on National Highways*: 2008 to 2011
Sl. No. States/UTs State/UT-Wise Total Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents on National Highways during 2008 3 15,600 128 2,840 2,520 3,850 1,263 7,239 3,701 1,697 3,112 609 17,682 12,104 11,566 13,061 614 256 125 153 4,296 1,156 10,273 36 22,059 511 896 6,820 4,400 55 83 0 0 697 0 291 149,693 2009 4 14,096 231 2,938 3,050 5,512 1,015 6,649 3,671 1,755 3,217 509 15,613 11,162 11,922 11,558 692 314 105 86 5,198 1,440 10,363 145 25,272 430 962 8,011 5,594 74 33 0 0 679 0 520 152,816 2010 2011 (P) 5 6 16,952 15,166 158 144 3,399 4,445 2,557 3,308 4,332 5,748 867 1,001 5,831 6,492 3,367 3,419 2,118 2,050 2,521 2,907 1,109 1,600 18,161 18,843 11,201 10,985 13,397 15,031 11,642 11,241 633 685 489 264 121 69 59 70 4,722 5,453 1,584 1,204 9,255 9,798 122 186 27,104 28,890 378 375 796 922 6,033 7,464 5,161 5,453 88 156 75 117 0 0 0 0 999 871 0 0 777 655 165,012 156,008

2 1 Andhra Pradesh 2 Arunachal Pradesh 3 Assam 4 Bihar 5 Chhattisgarh 6 Goa 7 Gujarat 8 Haryana 9 Himachal Pradesh 10 Jammu & Kashmir 11 Jharkhand 12 Karnataka 13 Kerala 14 Madhya Pradesh 15 Maharashtra 16 Manipur 17 Meghalaya 18 Mizoram 19 Nagaland 20 Odisha 21 Punjab 22 Rajasthan 23 Sikkim 24 Tamil Nadu 25 Tripura 26 Uttarakhand 27 Uttar Pradesh 28 West Bengal 29 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 30 Chandigarh 31 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 32 Daman & Diu 33 Delhi 34 Lakshadweep 35 Puducherry Total (P) : Provisional * Includes expressways

48

Annex - VIII

Total Number of Road Accidents on State Highways: 2008 to 2011


Sl. No. 1 States/UTs State/UT-Wise Total Number of Road Accidents on State Highways during

2008 2009 2010 2011 (P) 2 3 4 5 6 1 Andhra Pradesh 10,634 9,887 10,681 11,211 2 Arunachal Pradesh 115 114 128 0 3 Assam 849 1,034 1,345 1,552 4 Bihar 1,499 2,719 2,837 3,177 5 Chhattisgarh 3,814 3,564 3,363 3,156 6 Goa 610 787 925 675 7 Gujarat 10,167 9,210 9,177 9,252 8 Haryana 3,611 3,693 3,436 3,425 9 Himachal Pradesh 597 806 703 742 10 Jammu & Kashmir 971 1,054 930 892 11 Jharkhand 968 1,165 1,077 1,332 12 Karnataka 15,723 12,500 13,215 12,522 13 Kerala 6,452 6,637 6,537 6,401 14 Madhya Pradesh 9,875 10,987 12,939 13,153 15 Maharashtra 13,307 12,230 12,767 13,149 16 Manipur 173 165 136 139 17 Meghalaya 79 122 82 81 18 Mizoram 31 18 29 25 19 Nagaland 19 18 14 13 20 Odisha 1,964 2,386 2,062 2,129 21 Punjab 1,497 1,431 1,376 1,962 22 Rajasthan 2,581 2,913 3,119 2,625 23 Sikkim 36 159 49 170 24 Tamil Nadu 24,912 18,944 20,722 20,920 25 Tripura 438 464 526 424 26 Uttarakhand 269 293 358 378 27 Uttar Pradesh 8,130 8,783 8,591 8,861 28 West Bengal 3,237 2,600 4,074 3,832 29 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 0 0 0 0 30 Chandigarh 100 81 146 0 31 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 0 0 32 Daman & Diu 0 0 0 0 33 Delhi 919 952 916 0 34 Lakshadweep 0 0 0 0 35 Puducherry 395 276 146 41 Total 123,972 115,992 122,406 122,239 (P) : Provisional There are no State Highways declared in Arunachal Pradesh, Chandigarh and Delhi. For the years 2008 to 2010, figures furnished by the Police Departments of Arunachal Pradesh and Chandigarh include road accidents on 'Other Roads' and those by Police Department of Delhi include road accidents on 'Ring Road' and 'Outer Ring Road'.

49

Annex - IX

Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents on State Highways: 2008 to 2011
Sl. No. States/UTs State/UT-Wise Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents on State Highways during

2008 2009 2010 2011 (P) 2 3 4 5 6 1 Andhra Pradesh 3,742 3,881 3,981 4,156 2 Arunachal Pradesh 78 65 72 0 3 Assam 276 351 471 479 4 Bihar 962 1,145 1,414 1,583 5 Chhattisgarh 862 725 699 727 6 Goa 49 53 52 55 7 Gujarat 2,539 2,514 2,832 2,990 8 Haryana 1,550 1,575 1,597 1,588 9 Himachal Pradesh 157 231 225 239 10 Jammu & Kashmir 141 210 133 80 11 Jharkhand 376 239 239 572 12 Karnataka 3,000 2,609 2,692 2,591 13 Kerala 767 775 846 836 14 Madhya Pradesh 1,628 1,907 2,186 2,019 15 Maharashtra 4,056 3,769 4,057 4,386 16 Manipur 49 44 29 29 17 Meghalaya 34 35 32 50 18 Mizoram 20 14 17 22 19 Nagaland 18 19 10 9 20 Odisha 625 955 833 905 21 Punjab 846 885 880 1,474 22 Rajasthan 1,035 1,268 1,351 1,178 23 Sikkim 12 18 16 44 24 Tamil Nadu 5,165 4,510 5,250 5,025 25 Tripura 128 112 125 119 26 Uttarakhand 150 151 214 238 27 Uttar Pradesh 4,210 4,490 4,696 6,350 28 West Bengal 1,210 1,118 1,420 1,285 29 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 0 0 0 0 30 Chandigarh 28 35 43 0 31 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 0 0 32 Daman & Diu 0 0 0 0 33 Delhi 307 353 345 0 34 Lakshadweep 0 0 0 0 35 Puducherry 61 37 14 4 Total 34,081 34,093 36,771 39,033 (P) : Provisional There are no State Highways declared in Arunachal Pradesh, Chandigarh and Delhi. For the years 2008 to 2010, figures furnished by Police Department of Arunachal Pradesh and Chandigarh include persons killed in road accidents on 'Other Roads' and those by Police Department of Delhi include persons killed in road accidents on 'Ring Road' and 'Outer Ring Road'. 1

50

Annex - X

Total Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents on State Highways: 2008 to 2011
Sl. No. States/UTs State/UT-Wise Total Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents on State Highways during

2008 2009 2010 2011 (P) 2 3 4 5 6 1 Andhra Pradesh 15,045 12,247 13,505 14,480 2 Arunachal Pradesh 163 173 238 0 3 Assam 1,018 1,281 1,786 1,641 4 Bihar 1,498 1,960 2,190 1,811 5 Chhattisgarh 3,696 3,550 2,653 2,791 6 Goa 480 602 524 401 7 Gujarat 11,218 10,291 10,643 9,981 8 Haryana 3,577 3,545 3,371 3,315 9 Himachal Pradesh 1,145 1,307 1,262 1,422 10 Jammu & Kashmir 1,333 1,453 929 1,916 11 Jharkhand 355 184 935 647 12 Karnataka 21,671 17,622 18,344 17,778 13 Kerala 7,395 7,942 8,089 7,794 14 Madhya Pradesh 11,731 13,197 14,654 15,848 15 Maharashtra 14,886 12,859 13,342 13,559 16 Manipur 378 351 287 218 17 Meghalaya 78 266 114 54 18 Mizoram 31 40 105 48 19 Nagaland 32 37 43 38 20 Odisha 2,631 3,270 2,771 2,870 21 Punjab 1,707 1,072 916 1,242 22 Rajasthan 3,442 3,934 3,838 2,960 23 Sikkim 17 120 99 135 24 Tamil Nadu 28,192 22,278 23,822 23,098 25 Tripura 870 772 812 559 26 Uttarakhand 314 314 405 507 27 Uttar Pradesh 5,966 6,605 6,671 4,843 28 West Bengal 3,567 3,059 3,793 3,435 29 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 0 0 0 0 30 Chandigarh 87 58 123 0 31 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 0 0 32 Daman & Diu 0 0 0 0 33 Delhi 730 857 909 0 34 Lakshadweep 0 0 0 0 35 Puducherry 455 271 191 44 Total 143,708 131,517 137,364 133,435 (P) : Provisional There are no State Highways declared in Arunachal Pradesh, Chandigarh and Delhi. For the years 2008 to 2010, figures furnished by Police Department of Arunachal Pradesh and Chandigarh include persons injured in road accidents on 'Other Roads' and those by Police Department of Delhi include persons injured in road accidents on 'Ring Road' and 'Outer Ring Road'. 1

51

Annex - XI

Total Number of Road Accidents in India classified according to Cause of Accidents: 2011
Sl. No States/UTs Fault of Driver Total No. Number of Persons of Road Injured Acci-dents Killed Fault of Cyclist Total No. of Road Accidents 6 324 2 85 180 210 54 744 160 2 42 95 261 13 323 456 0 8 0 0 141 138 23 0 1,311 0 5 1,661 222 0 0 0 0 NR 0 0 6,460 Number of Persons
Killed Injured

Fault of Pedestrian Total No. of Road Accidents 9 420 10 166 117 400 210 2,238 350 9 6 230 827 44 965 2,015 0 10 0 0 107 121 49 18 1,580 37 3 1,230 557 0 0 0 0 NR 0 0 11,719 Number of Persons
Killed Injured

Defect in Condition of Motor Vehicle Total No. of Road Accidents 12 866 43 0 447 701 16 0 163 9 174 131 553 0 1,366 460 90 61 2 21 81 131 16 114 134 113 49 1,444 783 0 0 0 0 NR 0 0 7,968 Number of Persons
Killed Injured

Defect in Road Condition Total Number of No. of Persons Road Killed Injured Accidents 15 1,182 18 0 174 300 0 0 152 32 12 128 243 0 1,644 327 39 14 5 0 7 133 282 0 1,367 0 43 766 459 0 0 0 0 NR 0 0 7,327 16 475 9 0 78 88 0 0 70 15 11 79 48 0 172 60 5 2 4 0 0 114 112 0 370 0 33 397 231 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,373 17 1,389 34 0 96 337 0 0 84 65 34 111 642 0 1,552 244 73 0 3 0 20 95 364 0 1,447 0 100 417 598 0 0 0 0 NR 0 0 7,705

Weather Condition Total Number of No. of Persons Road Killed Injured Accidents 18 662 11 0 222 476 3 0 140 2 24 183 264 0 830 22 1 4 14 0 0 319 14 33 481 26 0 863 194 0 0 0 0 NR 0 0 4,788 19 261 0 0 114 72 0 0 103 0 9 72 50 0 111 7 0 0 10 0 0 262 7 9 106 9 0 432 111 0 0 0 0 8 0 0 1,753 20 864 38 0 149 496 2 0 89 4 15 207 622 0 771 23 2 0 7 0 0 167 25 26 501 27 0 706 155 0 0 0 0 NR 0 0 4,896

All Other Causes* Total Number of Persons No. of Killed Injured Road Accidents 21 8,779 75 33 2,504 3,678 194 1,004 1,460 241 1,549 1,412 6,009 6 8,274 8,541 133 224 10 14 163 2,120 285 83 5,968 191 439 10,834 2,109 0 0 0 5 7,281 0 0 73,618 22 2,780 41 20 1,125 826 8 234 733 34 256 772 1,133 0 1,083 1,273 40 75 7 7 57 1,561 112 22 1,560 83 281 8,424 1,126 0 0 0 5 976 0 0 24,654 23 15,010 110 20 1,801 3,776 105 862 1,169 356 5,515 1,581 7,272 6 6,818 4,840 231 206 12 52 191 1,462 472 64 6,887 295 354 6,506 2,195 0 0 0 37 7,226 0 0 75,431

1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

2 Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman & Nicobar Is. Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi ** Lakshadweep Puducherry Total

3 31,932 104 6,285 7,029 8,343 4,083 26,219 8,703 2,804 4,848 3,272 36,574 35,153 36,004 56,617 429 278 66 4 8,899 3,551 22,576 158 55,032 467 969 12,487 10,621 234 437 103 45 NR 0 1,480 385,806

4 11,120 55 2,219 3,401 1,660 277 7,117 3,527 1,001 797 1,430 7,340 4,128 6,064 10,543 92 103 58 3 3,615 2,682 8,954 42 12,503 112 592 9,177 3,531 17 136 63 28 1,078 0 233 102,620

5 36,259 178 6,320 4,586 8,183 2,071 26,180 7,933 4,998 4,037 2,518 48,882 41,333 43,996 37,755 668 340 191 13 10,725 2,173 27,737 124 62,528 519 1,159 5,543 10,395 298 370 210 0 NR 0 1,689 399,911

7 93 0 38 114 50 9 149 81 0 5 24 58 4 32 168 0 7 0 0 54 102 10 0 277 0 4 1,207 97 0 0 0 0 NR 0 0 2,583

8 400 3 61 119 134 30 656 67 2 13 81 211 9 363 448 0 20 0 0 125 69 13 0 1,263 0 12 830 168 0 0 0 0 NR 0 0 5,097

10 134 2 65 72 116 39 508 164 4 0 129 234 13 155 953 0 10 0 0 38 110 27 5 542 10 1 831 242 0 0 0 0 NR 0 0 4,404

11 453 13 104 45 366 103 2,046 241 9 5 205 745 31 708 1,952 0 3 0 0 101 18 35 14 1,471 42 0 677 525 0 0 0 0 NR 0 0 9,912

13 302 19 0 186 171 0 0 84 18 38 66 108 0 252 53 21 15 2 15 38 100 10 28 64 31 26 1,044 326 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 3,020

14 1,208 62 0 287 637 7 0 144 28 393 108 1,217 0 1,337 366 144 22 2 42 86 97 20 93 148 147 87 834 926 0 0 0 0 NR 0 0 8,442

* : Includes Fault of Driver of other vehicles, Fault of Passengers, Poor light condition, Falling of boulders, Neglect of civic bodies, Stray animals, other causes and causes not known. **: Data pertaining to Delhi is clubbed with All Other Causes due to non-submission of break-up of causes of accidents. NR: Not reported

52

Annex - XII

Accidents caused due to Intake of Alcohol/Drugs and Exceeding Lawful Speed by Drivers: 2011
Accidents caused due to Intake Accident caused due to of Alcohol/Drugs Exceeding Lawful Speed No. of No. of Persons No. of No. of Persons Accidents Killed Injured Accidents Killed Injured 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 Andhra Pradesh 2,205 778 759 13,395 4,560 2,532 2 Arunachal Pradesh 8 3 13 89 72 200 3 Assam 760 302 593 3,881 1,233 4,164 4 Bihar 1,590 754 1,059 3,283 1,748 2,016 5 Chhattisgarh 304 85 309 7,539 1,431 7,485 6 Goa 30 0 20 2,677 240 1,284 7 Gujarat 212 27 158 19,790 5,385 19,789 8 Haryana 368 143 281 5,281 2,090 5,115 9 Himachal Pradesh 58 31 69 2,158 696 4,130 10 Jammu & Kashmir 92 21 91 3,655 699 6,119 11 Jharkhand 1,220 485 974 1,799 924 1,649 12 Karnataka 541 136 728 23,826 5,205 32,734 13 Kerala 67 12 71 20,030 2,606 23,987 14 Madhya Pradesh 4,028 810 4,843 25,398 4,300 29,776 15 Maharashtra 2,452 479 1,725 41,518 8,549 28,489 16 Manipur 140 30 186 127 22 187 17 Meghalaya 93 27 134 121 67 74 18 Mizoram 17 10 14 15 10 72 19 Nagaland 4 3 13 0 0 0 20 Odisha 1,141 480 1,441 3,235 1,408 3,668 21 Punjab 226 158 180 2,183 1,674 1,379 22 Rajasthan 1,159 530 1,407 11,404 4,650 14,377 23 Sikkim 27 3 7 59 7 12 24 Tamil Nadu 3,096 575 3,475 27,317 6,412 28,592 25 Tripura 19 7 19 551 168 596 26 Uttarakhand 1 0 1 746 466 895 27 Uttar Pradesh 4,706 4,653 2,463 5,715 4,629 3,279 28 West Bengal 0 0 0 0 0 0 29 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 21 1 22 211 16 275 30 Chandigarh NR NR NR NR NR NR 31 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 0 103 63 210 32 Daman & Diu 1 1 1 16 8 16 33 Delhi 46 8 69 NR 365 NR 34 Lakshadweep 0 0 0 0 0 0 35 Puducherry 23 1 23 1,414 229 1,617 Total 24,655 10,553 21,148 227,536 59,932 224,718 This Annex is to be used in conjunction with AnnexXI. NR: Not reported Sl. No. States/UTs

53

Annex-XIII

Accidents Caused due to Over-Loading/Over-Crowding/Load Protruding: 2011


Sl. No. States/UTs Accidents caused due to Accidents Caused due to Total Accidents in Overloading/Overcrowding Load Protruding States/UTs No. of No. of Persons No. of No. of Persons No. of No. of Persons Accidents Killed Injured Accidents Killed Injured Accident Killed Injured
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry Total NR: Not Reported.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

10,974 3,425 13,388 18 13 48 1,030 386 1,538 6,707 3,093 4,550 2,473 505 2,388 46 1 17 3,755 1,163 3,997 3,456 1,620 3,554 678 177 1,149 1,621 239 3,872 1,020 506 968 10,370 2,341 14,449 699 68 735 8,193 1,444 11,849 8,788 2,903 9,655 258 44 377 82 47 89 0 0 0 8 5 30 3,536 1,570 3,999 444 308 303 4,584 1,829 5,272 51 13 40 19,200 4,061 22,684 260 63 262 522 356 560 7,312 6,056 3,555 4,133 1,363 3,873 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 90 0 0 0 NR NR NR 0 0 0 19 2 6 100,238 33,604 113,297

2,583 868 6 211 73 1,069 572 1,735 399 109 12 1,200 257 352 149 204 34 805 170 276 118 3,006 539 116 9 2,813 365 4,652 1,663 434 114 205 49 0 0 2 2 364 145 311 202 349 137 68 17 3,509 676 272 98 167 97 3,455 3,779 529 277 0 0 0 0 31 20 0 0 NR NR 0 0 NR NR 28,833 10,841

2,784 44,165 15,165 16 263 126 181 6,569 2,342 697 10,673 5,090 1,829 14,108 2,983 38 4,560 333 1,270 30,205 8,008 356 11,128 4,762 294 3,099 1,072 1,254 6,655 1,116 246 5,451 2,572 4,127 44,731 8,971 148 35,216 4,145 2,879 49,406 7,869 4,087 68,438 13,057 741 692 158 201 599 212 0 97 81 8 39 25 462 9,398 3,802 176 6,513 4,931 390 23,245 9,232 53 406 106 3,452 65,873 15,422 350 834 245 172 1,508 937 2,021 29,285 21,512 764 14,945 5,664 0 234 17 0 437 136 29 103 63 0 50 33 NR 7,281 2,065 0 0 0 NR 1,480 233 29,025 497,686 142,485

55,583 438 6,505 7,083 13,929 2,318 29,744 9,727 5,462 10,012 4,811 59,591 41,379 55,545 45,628 1,118 591 215 107 11,248 4,081 28,666 321 74,245 1,030 1,712 15,513 14,962 298 370 210 37 7,226 0 1,689 511,394

54

Annex - XIV

Total Number of Road Accidents in India classified according to Types of Vehicles and Objects Primarily Responsible: 2011
Sl. No. States/UTs Two-Wheelers Number of Road Accidents
Total Fatal

Auto-Rickshaws Number of Road Accidents 7


7,150 18 280 590 345 54 3,237 440 19 200 240 3,480 4,872 2,290 5,392 52 44 2 6 433 193 428 0 2,846 116 40 697 497 22 3 2 1 166 0 44
34,199

Cars, Jeeps, Taxis Number of Road Accidents 11


6,963 68 1,515 2,098 2,778 1,197 5,005 2,783 1,110 1,224 766 8,528 8,457 10,308 16,477 176 166 29 3 1,601 1,727 6,588 379 13,674 220 369 5,947 3,181 58 243 14 7 2,158 0 284
106,101

Buses Number of Road Accidents 15


3,536 9 774 1,355 1,027 252 1,367 661 256 830 570 3,922 4,716 3,820 4,037 44 98 7 5 909 553 1,979 0 6,805 51 220 2,344 2,010 28 44 7 2 589 0 207
43,034

Trucks, Tempos, MAVs, Tractors Number of Road Accidents


Total

Other Motor Vehicles Number of Number of Road Persons Accidents 23


3,538 37 941 1,003 2,032 15 1,864 1,326 272 1,536 357 2,593 1,572 3,583 9,974 84 27 6 19 886 559 2,895 0 5,394 128 99 3,275 2,225 0 34 22 13 432 0 79

Other Vehicles/Objects Number of Road Accidents 27


4,468 10 284 779 424 342 3,986 1,657 11 209 622 4,124 63 2,033 3,469 0 75 0 0 499 505 93 18 7,129 50 21 4,279 943 0 0 0 1 1,828 0 0
37,922

Number of Persons
Killed Injured

Number of Persons

Number of Persons

Number of Persons

Number of Persons

Number of Persons

Total Fatal Killed Injured Total

Fatal Killed Injured Total

Fatal Killed Injured

Fatal Killed Injured Total Fatal Killed Injured Total

Fatal Killed Injured

1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

2
Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry
Total

3
7,691 61 1,130 1,647 4,003 2,237 6,770 1,172 756 1,142 1,318 10,780 11,685 15,742 15,560 192 21 16 3 1,969 1,327 4,891 0 19,358 113 197 5,049 1,533 96 57 21 12 1,004 0 536
118,089

4
2,573 20 364 634 567 137 1,350 306 160 157 549 1,821 965 1,434 3,004 34 12 12 3 665 915 1,377 0 3,883 35 68 2,191 641 4 12 15 9 156 0 64
24,137

5
2,536 22 422 706 615 152 1,461 360 181 165 622 1,961 983 1,660 3,406 37 16 12 3 708 934 1,364 0 4,137 40 69 3,764 692 4 12 15 9 158 0 64
27,290

6
10,889 55 763 1,237 3,834 1,303 6,572 1,448 869 1,291 981 12,765 11,520 15,277 10,874 280 15 10 3 2,073 812 5,231 0 20,669 110 214 2,512 1,412 122 58 15 5 1,082 0 746
115,047

8
1,546 4 58 196 30 2 583 137 4 11 90 425 254 137 634 7 0 1 4 105 111 89 0 402 38 9 258 107 1 1 2 1 34 0 3
5,284

9
1,583 4 62 272 30 2 683 190 4 22 104 480 270 160 754 7 0 1 4 122 166 94 0 444 38 10 447 110 1 1 2 1 34 0 3
6,105

10
9,879 26 396 441 342 21 3,481 295 26 82 284 4,775 5,890 2,474 4,264 88 25 7 11 627 162 662 0 4,148 152 44 525 569 29 5 3 0 196 0 52
39,981

12
1,845 24 424 960 348 62 1,154 902 241 121 322 1,429 1,006 1,284 1,901 24 37 12 3 432 1,131 2,171 45 2,452 57 149 2,504 706 4 54 3 2 319 0 27
22,155

13
1,914 33 490 1,017 408 66 1,370 1,044 397 140 359 1,598 1,077 1,440 2,124 28 44 12 3 525 1,249 2,403 97 2,359 60 244 3,329 857 4 58 3 2 325 0 27
25,106

14
8,580 132 1,488 1,514 2,972 425 5,492 2,405 1,953 851 803 11,431 10,437 10,993 9,791 312 199 75 11 2,066 1,180 8,524 299 11,786 303 465 3,251 3,395 87 214 20 7 2,493 0 312
104,266

16
1,263 4 236 543 176 26 367 305 59 119 202 753 753 587 473 7 17 5 4 307 364 719 0 1,882 14 103 1,005 663 3 23 4 2 182 0 50
11,220

17
1,372 7 345 567 236 26 461 341 149 199 258 859 834 667 583 9 51 22 5 391 438 917 0 2,085 14 148 1,154 747 3 25 4 2 187 0 50
13,156

18
4,326 47 1,132 928 1,308 253 1,710 654 1,025 448 720 6,134 7,235 6,934 3,357 91 166 45 45 1,489 451 3,525 0 8,622 67 399 1,357 2,700 32 37 34 0 563 0 186
56,020

19
10,819 60 1,645 3,201 3,499 463 7,976 3,089 675 1,514 1,578 11,304 3,851 11,630 13,529 144 168 37 3 3,101 1,649 6,371 9 10,667 156 562 7,694 4,556 30 56 37 14 1,104 0 330

20
4,172 19 559 1,569 875 38 2,135 1,287 181 227 703 2,374 604 2,372 2,917 54 57 25 3 1,189 1,216 2,703 1 2,621 48 324 3,831 1,893 5 24 22 10 415 0 85

21
4,577 28 609 1,641 961 38 2,502 1,469 247 277 808 2,645 653 2,839 3,091 61 70 30 3 1,463 1,334 3,061 3 2,888 49 379 4,720 2,043 5 26 24 10 443 0 88
39,085

22
12,920 89 1,644 1,854 3,046 137 7,247 2,607 1,170 1,457 1,384 14,665 4,579 12,127 9,453 206 119 71 4 3,373 1,011 7,606 7 13,443 150 441 3,976 3,855 28 34 128 8 1,060 0 303
110,202

24
1,032 23 273 437 585 0 579 589 86 188 151 472 297 742 1,641 16 8 4 7 374 388 1,252 0 1,176 23 64 1,409 707 0 15 15 8 91 0 1

25
1,749 30 291 515 655 0 640 600 90 289 167 540 311 806 1,735 16 10 4 7 406 432 1,348 0 1,678 27 76 3,771 795 0 14 15 8 95 0 1

26
3,636 81 897 697 2,011 8 1,678 1,496 408 5,722 213 5,159 1,672 3,505 4,440 141 19 7 33 1,097 247 3,038 0 7,856 195 98 1,555 2,171 0 22 10 17 604 0 90

28
1,352 2 101 337 78 49 877 729 4 23 262 817 17 436 987 0 16 0 0 148 358 43 2 1,943 14 9 1,806 390 0 0 0 1 810 0 0
11,611

29
1,434 2 123 372 78 49 891 758 4 24 254 888 17 297 1,364 0 21 0 0 187 378 45 6 1,831 17 11 4,327 420 0 0 0 1 823 0 0
14,622

30
5,353 8 185 412 416 171 3,564 822 11 161 426 4,662 46 4,235 3,449 0 48 0 0 523 218 80 15 7,721 53 51 2,337 860 0 0 0 0 1,228 0 0
37,055

111,521 34,558

46,820 12,653 17,121 48,823

Note: Two-Wheelers include motor cycles, scooters and mopeds. Other Vehicles/Objects include cycles, cycle rickshaws, hand-drawn vehicles, pedestrians, animals, trees, level-crossings and other fixed objects.

55

Annex -XV

Percentage share in Total Registered Motor Vehicles in India as on 31st March


States/UTs 2 Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry Total P: Provisional Sl. No. 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 2008 3 6.8 0.02 1.1 1.7 1.8 0.6 9.8 3.8 0.4 0.6 1.8 5.9 4.2 5.2 12.7 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 2.3 4.3 5.6 0.02 11.3 0.1 0.7 9.3 2.6 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.1 5.6 0.01 0.5 100 2009 (P) 4 7.0 0.02 1.1 1.7 1.8 0.6 9.6 3.8 0.4 0.6 1.8 6.0 4.2 5.2 12.6 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 2.3 4.2 5.6 0.02 11.2 0.1 0.7 9.4 2.6 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.1 5.5 0.01 0.5 100 2010 (P) 5 7.0 0.02 1.1 1.8 1.9 0.6 9.3 3.8 0.4 0.6 2.2 7.1 4.2 5.2 12.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 2.3 4.1 5.6 0.03 11.0 0.1 0.7 9.4 2.2 0.05 0.7 0.1 0.1 5.3 0.01 0.5 100 2011 (P) 6 7.2 0.1 1.1 1.9 1.9 0.6 9.2 3.8 0.4 0.7 2.2 7.0 4.3 5.2 12.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 2.4 3.7 5.6 0.03 11.0 0.1 0.7 9.4 2.3 0.05 0.7 0.1 0.1 5.1 0.01 0.5 100

56

Annex -XVI

Total Number of Fatal Road Accidents in States/UTs: 2008-2011


States/UTs 2 Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry Total P: Provisional Sl. No. 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 2008 3 12,233 90 1,641 3,514 2,600 294 6,132 4,071 568 694 1,829 7,848 3,632 5,861 10,789 109 103 53 57 2,838 2,840 7,241 32 11,813 190 717 11,652 4,671 22 144 62 29 2,015 0 207 106,591 2009 4 12,676 114 1,735 4,038 2,566 298 6,112 4,227 760 773 2,042 7,717 3,556 6,415 10,143 99 124 51 33 3,043 3,216 8,010 55 12,727 216 676 12,679 4,135 31 164 43 32 2,272 1 214 110,993 2010 2011 (P) 5 6 13,932 13,783 108 96 1,924 2,015 4,513 4,676 2,668 2,659 307 314 6,648 7,045 4,168 4,255 766 735 814 846 2,256 2,279 8,354 8,091 3,646 3,896 7,044 6,992 11,188 11,557 121 142 131 147 63 59 24 24 3,388 3,220 3,282 4,483 8,143 8,354 32 48 14,241 14,359 224 229 740 726 13,282 13,004 4,975 5,107 25 17 132 129 61 61 30 33 2,104 2,007 0 0 224 230 119,558 121,618

57

Annex- XVII

Total Number of Accidents, Number of Persons Killed and Number of Persons Injured in Road Accidents in Urban & Rural Areas: 2011
Sl. No. 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 States/UTs 2 Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry Total Total 3 19,081 140 3,951 4,746 6,402 1,906 10,797 3,907 1,153 2,738 2,378 18,159 13,765 25,937 39,676 245 305 39 39 4,550 2,255 8,923 127 28,387 292 729 13,801 8,550 53 367 15 13 7,281 0 748 231,455 Urban Killed Injured 4 5 5,429 21,387 66 240 1,406 3,686 2,238 3,176 1,153 5,656 151 884 1,890 9,877 1,644 2,561 254 2,047 427 3,334 1,044 1,987 2,929 19,610 1,720 16,241 2,842 26,045 3,998 17,262 56 343 78 266 23 43 25 107 1,788 5,316 1,592 1,372 2,943 10,525 33 101 6,222 29,129 91 284 449 775 6,647 8,959 2,748 7,929 4 58 102 330 7 14 6 7 2,065 7,226 0 0 127 767 52,197 207,544 Total 6 25,084 123 2,618 5,927 7,706 2,654 19,408 7,221 1,946 3,917 3,073 26,572 21,451 23,469 28,762 447 294 58 0 4,848 4,258 14,322 279 37,486 542 779 15,484 6,395 181 70 88 37 0 0 732 266,231 Rural Killed Injured 7 8 9,736 34,196 60 198 936 2,819 2,852 3,907 1,830 8,273 182 1,434 6,118 19,867 3,118 7,166 818 3,415 689 6,678 1,528 2,824 6,042 39,981 2,425 25,138 5,027 29,500 9,059 28,366 102 775 134 325 58 172 0 0 2,014 5,932 3,339 2,709 6,289 18,141 73 220 9,200 45,116 154 746 488 937 14,865 6,554 2,916 7,033 13 240 34 40 56 196 27 30 0 0 0 0 106 922 90,288 303,850 Total 9 44,165 263 6,569 10,673 14,108 4,560 30,205 11,128 3,099 6,655 5,451 44,731 35,216 49,406 68,438 692 599 97 39 9,398 6,513 23,245 406 65,873 834 1,508 29,285 14,945 234 437 103 50 7,281 0 1,480 497,686 Total Killed Injured 10 11 15,165 55,583 126 438 2,342 6,505 5,090 7,083 2,983 13,929 333 2,318 8,008 29,744 4,762 9,727 1,072 5,462 1,116 10,012 2,572 4,811 8,971 59,591 4,145 41,379 7,869 55,545 13,057 45,628 158 1,118 212 591 81 215 25 107 3,802 11,248 4,931 4,081 9,232 28,666 106 321 15,422 74,245 245 1,030 937 1,712 21,512 15,513 5,664 14,962 17 298 136 370 63 210 33 37 2,065 7,226 0 0 233 1,689 142,485 511,394

58

Annex - XVIII

Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents in terms of Road User Categories: 2011
S.No States/UTs Pedestrians Bicycles TwoWheelers AutoRickshaws Car, Taxis, Vans and Other Light and Medium Motor Vehicles 7 Trucks Buses Other Motor Vehicles Others* Total

10

11

12

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh D & N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry Total

1,221 4 65 72 111 89 897 173 4 19 223 234 1,360 1,692 673 0 11 0 0 348 339 895 0 495 5 1 2,208 603 7 47 16 7 935 0 113 12,867

366 0 38 114 72 14 179 384 0 5 83 86 142 284 423 0 10 0 0 96 269 160 0 1,412 3 13 2,338 168 1 21 4 1 105 0 33 6,824

3,330 15 422 858 402 178 1,760 1,126 190 165 413 2,426 1,713 2,223 4,791 37 16 12 3 748 1,719 2,032 6 5,693 40 219 5,748 782 6 54 28 23 666 0 60 37,904

1,965 7 62 272 63 3 698 205 4 22 131 573 240 201 1,002 7 1 2 4 158 121 152 0 431 38 19 1,059 351 1 5 3 1 42 0 0 7,843

1,684 52 490 1,370 452 34 1,572 657 338 216 288 1,473 446 1,050 1,979 28 48 11 3 664 1,145 2,093 75 2,417 55 278 3,707 703 1 5 5 0 71 0 6 23,416

2,319 15 492 953 419 5 1,437 624 160 160 312 1,501 52 897 1,166 59 67 30 3 836 393 1,707 10 1,608 48 176 2,480 870 0 0 1 1 11 0 8 18,820

941 12 345 567 346 8 503 233 282 199 377 808 151 643 938 9 54 22 5 371 339 778 0 1,616 24 145 1,431 847 1 3 1 0 12 0 9 12,020

1,847 21 408 514 582 0 860 365 94 330 507 1,188 20 751 1,410 18 12 4 7 543 490 1,323 15 1,488 28 56 1,334 1,218 0 0 5 0 196 0 4 15,638

1,492 0 20 370 536 2 102 995 0 0 238 682 21 128 675 0 0 0 0 38 116 92 0 262 4 30 1,207 122 0 1 0 0 27 0 0 7,160

15,165 126 2,342 5,090 2,983 333 8,008 4,762 1,072 1,116 2,572 8,971 4,145 7,869 13,057 158 219 81 25 3,802 4,931 9,232 106 15,422 245 937 21,512 5,664 17 136 63 33 2,065 0 233 142,492

* Includes: Animal Drawn Vehicles, Cycle Rickshaws, Hand Carts, Rickshaws and Other Persons. The sum total of the number of persons killed for States/UTs, which have not given the complete category-wise break-up, has been shown under 'Other Motor Vehicles' to tally the sum total with Annex III .

59

Annex - XIX

Accidents Classified According to Educational Qualifications of Drivers: 2011


S.No States/UTs Total No. of Road Accidents Classified according to Educational Qualification of Drivers Upto 8th Standard Standard Qualification Total Standard 8-10 10 & not known above

3 4 5 6 7 10,465 13,550 20,150 0 44,165 57 113 86 7 263 NR NR NR 6,569 6,569 2,727 4,136 3,810 0 10,673 2,977 6,197 4,934 0 14,108 808 1,537 2,215 0 4,560 6,396 9,692 9,446 4,671 30,205 3,683 2,809 4,636 0 11,128 428 462 717 1,492 3,099 1,036 780 861 3,978 6,655 1,210 1,296 1,424 1,521 5,451 11,516 14,805 18,410 0 44,731 5,434 12,898 16,884 0 35,216 12,541 16,658 20,207 0 49,406 4,193 5,571 10,786 47,888 68,438 69 195 428 0 692 273 180 146 0 599 32 33 32 0 97 8 15 16 0 39 1,783 2,952 4,663 0 9,398 1,862 1,881 1,717 1,053 6,513 6,883 7,761 6,792 1,809 23,245 103 137 166 0 406 11,481 21,737 32,655 0 65,873 122 333 379 0 834 323 472 713 0 1,508 8,223 10,090 10,782 190 29,285 967 1,418 841 11,719 14,945 5 126 103 0 234 5 8 358 66 437 40 26 16 21 103 7 4 5 34 50 NR NR NR 7,281 7,281 0 0 0 0 0 63 392 572 453 1,480 95,720 138,264 174,950 88,752 497,686 (19%) (28%) (35%) (18%) Note: Since Assam and Delhi did not furnish break-up of data for this table, total accidents in the case of Assam and Delhi have been placed under 'Qualification Not Known'. Figures within parentheses indicate % share in total accidents. NR: Not reported 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

2 Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh D & N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry Total

60