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AIX LVM INTRO

sina@

Agenda
LVM

Components of LVM Mirroring Striping Backup LV & VG How to mirror the rootvg

Components of LVM
Overview

Components of LVM
Physical volumes

Components of LVM
The structure of PV

Components of LVM
PVID

1. AIX ODM is used to attach an hdiskx name to PVID of a disk. 2. The PVID is the soft "serial number" of a disk that is created. 3. The PVID can be obtained by issuing: #chdev -l hdiskX -a pv=yes #lspv hdisk0 hdisk1 00c9c7c56ca27a2a 00c9c7c5018928b6 rootvg rootvg active active

Components of LVM
PV Layout

Starting Sector
0 1 2 7 8 22 64 70 71

Description
bootrecord Configuration MWC cache LVM bad block bad block length config backup LVM backup bad block backup

Starting Sector
120 128

Description
concurrent config VGDA / VGSA

Components of LVM
Volume Groups

1. VGID 2. VGDA 3. VGSA

Components of LVM
Logical Volumes

1. LVID: 2. LVCB: 3. LP:

logical volume identifier logical volume control block LV is made up of LPs.

Components of LVM

FileSystem

<inode>log <>log inode log JFS Log

inode

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Agenda
LVM

Components of LVM Mirroring Striping Backup LV & VG How to mirror the rootvg

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Mirroring
Mirror

1. Each logical volume may have two or three mirrored copies 2. Only logical volumes are mirrored
hdisk0 PP1 PP2 hdisk1 PP1 PP2 hdisk2 PP1 PP2

LP1 LP2

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Agenda
LVM

Components of LVM Mirroring Striping Backup LV & VG How to mirror the rootvg

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Striping
Stripe

As known as RAID 0, The Striping is a technology that was developed to achieve I/O performance gain.

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Agenda
LVM

Components of LVM Mirroring Striping Backup LV & VG How to mirror the rootvg

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Backup LV&VG
Backup LV

1. mirror vg / mklvcopy 2. cplv 3. migratepv 4. mksysb

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Backup LV&VG
Backup VG

1. mirror vg 2. exportvg 3. alt_disk_copy 4. mksysb 5. savevg

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Agenda
LVM

Components of LVM Mirroring Striping Backup LV & VG How to mirror the rootvg

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How to mirror the rootvg


Mirror Rootvg

Why ?
To provide the continuous operation of the AIX operating system in the event that a disk that is part of the operating system experiences failure, and there exists an active mirrored copy of the operating system on some other disk.

To provide the ability to boot more than one disk of the rootvg in the event that another boot disk has failed. In some cases, the ability to boot from an alternate disk may require some user intervention.

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How to mirror the rootvg


Mirror Rootvg

How to do it ?
1.# extendvg rootvg hdiskX 2.# chvg -Qn rootvg 3.# mirrorvg -s rootvg 4.# syncvg -v rootvg 5.# bosboot a 6.# bootlist -m normal hdisk0 hdiskX 7.# bootlist -m normal -o
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Thank You

SINA@
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