# RENSSELAER POLYTECHNI C I NSTI TUTE

TROY, NY
EXAM NO. 2 I NTRODUCTI ON TO ENGI NEERI NG ANALYSI S
(ENGR-1100) – Fall 10
NAME: ______________________________ Section: ___________
RIN: _______________________________
Wednesday, October 20, 2010
8:00 – 9:50
Please state clearly all assumptions made in order for full credit to be given.
Problem Points Score

1 25

2 25

3 25

4 25

Total 100

Problem #1 (25 %)
For the following matrices:
A =[4 5 6],
(
¸
(

¸
÷
=
(
(
(
¸
(

¸
÷
=
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

÷
=
3 2
1 4
D ,
1 0 1
2 1 0
1 1 5
C ,
1
3
2
B

Determine the following expressions. If an expression is not valid just state the reason.
a) AB (4)
b) BA (6)
c) B +C (2)
d) Determinant of C using the duplicate column method (4)
e) B
t
C (4)
f) Determinant of B (2)
g) D
-1
(3)
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( ) | |
( ) ( )
| | ( ) ( ) ( ) | |
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) | | ( ) ( )
(
¸
(

¸

÷
=
(
¸
(

¸

÷
=
= ÷ ÷ = ÷ ÷ = =
= + + + + =
÷ + + ÷ + + ÷ ÷ + + =
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

÷ =
= ÷ = + + ÷ + =
÷ + + ÷ + + = =
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷ ÷ ÷
=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷ ÷ ÷
=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷
=
= ÷ + = + + =
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷
=
7 / 2 7 / 1
14 / 1 14 / 3
14
4 2
1 3
D
14 2 12 2 x ) 1 ( 3 x 4
3 2
1 - 4
D g)
matrix square a not is B as d Undefine ) f
7 1 9 1 - 6 2 0 3 2 - 1 - 0 10
1 x ) 1 ( 2 x 3 1 x 2 0 x ) 1 ( 1 x 3 ) 1 ( x 2 1 x ) 1 ( 0 x 3 5 x 2
1 0 1
2 1 0
1 1 - 5
1 3 2 C B ) e
2 1 3 0 0 1 0 2 - 5
1 x 0 x ) 1 ( 0 x 2 x 5 1 x 1 x 1 1x0x0 (-1)x2x1 5x1x1
0
1
1 -

1
0
5

1 0 1
2 1 0
1 1 - 5
C d)
size same the have not do matrices the since d Undefine ) c
6 5 4
18 15 12
12 10 8
6 x 1 5 x 1 4 x 1
6 x 3 5 x 3 4 x 3
6 x 2 5 x 2 4 x 2
6 5 4
1
3
2
BA ) b
17 6 15 8 6x(-1) 5x3 4x2
1
3
2
6 5 4 AB ) a
1 -
t

1
6
2
1
2
3
2
1
3
1

Problem #2 (25%)
Three cables (AB, AC and AD) are used to tether a balloon as shown. The force (tension) in the
cable AC is 300 N.
1. Identify the particle to be analyzed (3 points)
2. Draw a complete and separate FBD showing the particle and all the forces acting on it. (5
points)
3. Write the equilibrium equations (8 points)
4. Determine the vertical force P exerted by the balloon. (3 point)
5. Determine the magnitude of the force in the cables AB and AD (6 points)

Particle to be analyzed: A
FBD

k P P =
k) j e T 781 . 0 625 . 0 ( ÷ ÷ = =
AB AB AB AB
T T
k j
k j i
e 781 . 0 625 . 0
) 5 ( ) 4 (
5 4 0
2 2
÷ ÷ =
÷ + ÷
÷ ÷
=
AB
k) j i e T 745 . 0 298 . 0 596 . 0 ( ÷ + = =
AC AC AC AC
T T
k j i
k j i
e 745 . 0 298 . 0 596 . 0
) 5 ( ) 2 ( ) 4 (
5 2 4
2 2 2
÷ + =
÷ + +
÷ +
=
AC
k) j i e T 857 . 0 0 515 . 0 ( ÷ + ÷ = =
T T
k j i
k j i
e 857 . 0 0 515 . 0
) 5 ( ) 3 (
5 0 3
2 2
÷ + ÷ =
÷ + ÷
÷ + ÷
=
N 607 . 223 443 . 89 885 . 178 (
N 745 . 0 298 . 0 596 . 0 ( 300
k) j i
k) j i T
÷ + =
÷ + =
AC
Equilibrium

0 P T T T = + + +
0 k k) j i
k) j i k) j
= + ÷ + ÷
+ ÷ + + ÷ ÷
P T
T
AB
857 . 0 0 515 . 0 (
N 607 . 223 443 . 89 885 . 178 ( 781 . 0 625 . 0 (
0 857 . 0 ( N 607 . 223 781 . 0 (
0 N 443 . 89 ) 625 . 0 (
0 ) 515 . 0 ( N 885 . 178
= + ÷ + ÷ ÷
= + ÷
= ÷ +
P T T
T
T
AB
) )
N 054 . 633
N 109 . 143
N 350 . 347
=
=
=
P
T
T
AB

Problem #3 (25 %)

The beam fixed in the wall is subjected to forces T and F in addition to the weight W. Assume
that the beam is weightless. The forces T and F are given in the figure.

(1) Calculate the moment of T about O. (4)
(2) Calculate the moment of F about O. (4)
(3) Calculate the moment of G about O. (4)
(4) Replace T, F, and G by an equivalent resultant force R at point O and a couple C.
Express R and C in Cartesian vector form. (9)
(5) Calculate the scalar component of the moment of T about z-axis (note that z-axis follows
the right-hand rule). (4)
I mportant: mark the senses of 2D moment and couple in your result.

Solution:
(1) M
TO
=T
y
×r
OD
=150 ×4 =600 Nm;
or: k
k j i
T r M
OD TO
600
0 150 260
0 0 4 =
÷
= × = Nm;
M
TO
=600 Nm (eqn: 1; number: 1; unit: 1; direction: 1)

(2) M
FO
=F
y
×r
OB
=300 sin30° ×3 =150×3 =450 Nm;
or: k
k j i
F r M
OB FO
450
0 150 260
0 0 3 = = × = Nm
M
FO
=450 Nm (eqn: 1; number: 1; unit: 1; direction: 1)

(3) M
GO
=G ×r
OB
=-500 ×6 =-3000 Nm;
M
GO
=3000 Nm (eqn: 1; number: 1; unit: 1; direction: 1)

(4) R =T +F +G =(T
x
+F
x
+G
x
)i +(T
y
+F
y
+G
y
)j =(-260+260) i +(150+150-500) j =
=-200j N.
R =-200j N (eqn: 1; number: 1; unit: 1; vector form: 1)
C =M
TO
+M
FO
+M
GO
=(600+450-3000)k =-1950 k Nm;
C =1950 Nm (eqn: 1; number: 1; unit: 1; vector form: 1; direction: 1)

(5) 600 1 600 = · = - = = k M M
TO TO z
proj M
Tz
Nm
Or use triple scalar product:
( ) ( ) 600 1 0 150 4
0 150 260
0 0 4
1 0 0
= · ÷ × =
÷
= - × = = k T r M
OD TO z
proj M
Tz
Nm
(eqn: 2; number 1; unit: 1)

Problem #4 (25%)