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August 21, 2006

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Art Montemayor

I received my first copy of Crane's Technical Paper No. 410, titled " Flow of Fluids through Valves,
fittings, and pipe", in October 1962. It was given to me free of charge by the Crane salesman that took care of
the business account at Liquid Carbonic Division of General Dynamics in Chicago, where I worked.
I had just completed my first year practicing engineering at Liquid Carbonic's affiliated companies in Jamaica,
Jamaica Oxygen and Acetylene Ltd. and Jamaica Carbonics. I had spent a year in Jamaica as Production
Manager, replacing Alf Newton who had gone to Barbados and Trinidad to erect a small CO2 plant in
Barbados and an industrial gas facility (Oxygen and Acetylene) at Biljah Road in Trinidad.
My original copy was the 1957 copyrighted version, sixth printing. It had a stated price of $10.00.
This was my first experience in dealing with fluid flow problems using the Darcy equation together with the
corresponding Moody Chart. At Texas A&M we were taught the Fanning equation and its corresponding
friction factor (the Darcy friction factor = 4 x the Fanning friction factor).
We had never been exposed to such practical and detailed fluid flow problems at Texas A&M. This booklet
was not only interesting, but it also taught the young engineer how to cope with and resolve practical
plant fluid problems. I went through all 27 example problems which were given in Section 4 of the booklet.
Later, during my tenure at Quaker Oats Chemical Division in Chicago (1968 - 1973), I would receive a copy
of the 1965 Crane version (9th printing). The example problems were basically the same and resolved in
the same manner as in the 1957 version. The 1965 version had a stated price of $2.00.
When I worked for Allstates Engineering on DuPont projects (1989 -1994) I obtained the 1979 version (18th
printing) and it had a stated price of $8.00. This is the version that this Workbook's examples are based on.
I still retain the original 1957 version copy, although the original hard, orange carboard front and back cover
have cracked and disintegrated from the stainless steel spiral hinge.
I have transcribed the Example problems given in the 1979 (18th printing) Edition into this workbook and also
added those problems that were given in the 1957 Edition but were not included in the 1979 Edition. Additionally,
I have included in each of the 1979 Example problem solutions those solutions that were given in the 1957 Edition
and that were resolved in a different manner. This enables the reader to see the difference in the technology of
solving these problems and how the methods have increased the accuracy of the answer.
My reason for transcribing these Example problems into the Spreadsheet format is to achieve a rapid and efficient
method by which an engineer can quickly detect the methodology and follow the mathematical computations.
Emphasis is put on the logic and reasoning employed rather than worrying about the mathematical mechanics.
The spreadsheet allows the reader to insert a variety of different input values and thereby facilitates the engineer
in absorbing the manner in which the ultimate answer is affected.

Art Montemayor

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WorkSheet: Introduction

(Additional Note by Yue Meng Yi Clarence, May 2011)


I was trained during my chemical engineering education duration (undergraduate and diploma) that the only
friction factor was the "Darcy" friction factor. That proved to be somewhat untrue, because the chemical
engineering textbooks that I was brought up with, continually used the "Fanning" friction factor which really
irritated me because it seemed that the chemical engineers just had to do something different from the civil
and mechanical engineers.
In this short introduction to friction factors and how they came about, I will attempt in some way to explain
how and why the different friction factors came to be defined as they were. The reader will take note that
throughout this entire workbook, we will only use the "Darcy" friction factor which is the most commonly
used one.
The following explanation is adapted from "Fluid Mechanics - Fundamentals and Applications" by Yunus A.
Cengel and John M. Cimbala, Chapter 7.
Consider an incompressible, Newtonian fluid with constant properties flowing through a very long pipe. It is
assumed that the flow is fully developed.

, m
D

V
e
tw

Due to frictional forces between the fluid and the pipe wall, a shear stress exists and is constant. The
pressure loss is used to overcome the shear stress (which is resisting the flow of the fluid).

Nomenclature:
D = pipe inner diameter
V = average fluid velocity
tw = shear stress
= fluid density
m = fluid viscosity
e = pipe roughness

[=]
[=]
[=]
[=]
[=]
[=]

Basic dimension
L1
L1 t-1
m1 L1 t-2
m1 L-3
m1 L-1 t-1
L1

where L stands for length, m for mass, t for time.


We want to find a relationship of the following form:

t w F V , e , , m , D

In total, we have 6 parameters (variables / constants), by invoking the Buckingham-Pi Theorem, we can find
the minimum number of dimensionless parameters that is required to fully define the relationship. A first guess
is as follows:

k n j

n = total of parameters (independent and dependent included)


j = reduction factor (usually set to be equal to number of basic / primary dimensions like mass, time, length)
k = expected / minimum number of dimensionless parameters (or pi-groups)
In this problem, n = 6, and j = 3 (first guess), hence, we need k = 6 - 3 = 3 dimensionless groups to fully
describe the relationship.
We then select a set of repeating parameters / variables that has all the basic dimensions, namely, m, L, and
t. The repeating variables are then chosen to be D, , V, with
The dependent dimensionless parameter, 1, is determined by:

1 t w a1 Db1V c1 m1L1t 2 m1L 3

L L t
a1

1 b1

1 1 c1

m L t
0

0 0

[m] : 1 - a1 = 0 \ a1 = -1
[L] : -1 -3a1 + b1 + c1 = 0 \ b1 = 0
[t]: -2- c1 = 0, \ c1 = -2
In this form, un-modified, the "Stanton" friction factor which is very rarely used in pratice, except in the
famous set of books, Coulson & Richardson.

tw
fS
V 2

If we try to relate the quantity involving V2, to one that looks very much like the kinetic energy expression
from classical physics, namely, mV2/2, we have the "Fanning" friction factor.

tw

V 2 / 2

fF

The factor of "4" in the definition of the "Moody" or "Darcy" friction factor will be explained in a simple example
that follows.

4t w
fD
V 2 / 2

By similar methods, the two other dimensionless parameters are obtained as follows:
Independent dimensionless parameters are:

2 m a2 Db2V c2 m1 L1t 1 m1 L3

L L t
a2

1 b2

1 1 c2

m L t
0

0 0

[m] : 1 + a2 = 0 \ a2 = -1
[L] : -1 -3a2 + b2 + c2 = 0 \ b2 = -1
[t]: -1- c2 = 0, \ c2 = -1

m
DV

Re 2
1

3 e a3 D b3V b3 L1 m1 L3
[m] : 0 + a3 = 0 \ a3 = 0
[L] : 1 - 3a3 + b3 + c3 = 0 \ b3 = -1

VD
m

L L t
a3

1 b3

1 1 c3

m L t
0

0 0

[t]: 0 - c3 = 0, \ c3 = 0

e
D

fD f

Hence, the "friction factor" function is defined as follows:

VD e
4t w
F
,
2
V / 2
m D

Now let's consider the simple case of a fully-developed flow in a circular pipe. The example is taken from
"Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers, Second Edition, with Microfluidics and CFD" by James O. Wilkes,
Chapter 3.
The flow is upward from (1) to (2) in an inclined pipe as shown below:

tw

P2

D
z = z1 - z2 = L sin

P1

Performing a force balance in the direction of flow (or more correctly a momentum balance), we obtain the following:
following relationship:

P1 P2 D

4
net pressure

t wDL
wall shear

D 2
4

Lg sin

gravitational

Re-writing, the force balance

P P1 P2 4t w

L
gz
D

Note the factor of 4 here?


Hence, going by the definition of the "Darcy" factor, we can substitute an expression for the wall shear stress
which gives the following well-known Darcy-Weisbach equation

f D L V 2
4 f L V 2
gz F
gz
D 2
D
2

Since this factor of "4" keeps appearing, someone must have found it irritating to keep having to multiply this
factor of "4" and decided to define the "Darcy" friction factor which we shall use throughout this document.
It is my hope that this explanation will give the reader some idea of why there exists at least 2 different friction
factors.

One final note, that we wish to stress to the reader, is that, it will be assumed from this point onwards that
whenever, we are talking about friction factors, we are referring to the "Darcy" friction factor.

f D f for all purposes in this workbook / document


Darcy-Weisbach Equation ("Pressure form")

fL V 2
P
D 2

Darcy-Weisbach Equation ("Head-loss form")

hL

fL V 2
D 2g

the following:

2.185
14.5
f 0.8685 ln 0.269e / D
ln 0.269e / D

Re
Re

5.032
14.5

f 2.000 log 10 0.269e / D


log 10 0.269e / D

Re
Re

August 21, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-1 (18th printing)
Given:

Water at 80 oF is flowing through 70 feet of 2-inch standard wall plastic pipe (smooth wall) at a rate
of 50 gallons per minute.

Find:

The Reynolds Number and the friction factor.

Solution: The Reynolds Number is defined as:

Re
Where,
Q

d
m

=
=
=

60
62.22
2.067
0.85733

50.6 Q
dm

gallons/min
lb/ft3
inches
cP
Re = 106,597
f = 0.0182 (from the Moody Chart, for smooth flow)

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Art Montemayor
Example 4-2 (18th printing)
Given: A 6-inch Class 125 iron Y-pattern globe valve has a flow coefficient, Cv , of 600.

Find: Resistance coefficent, K, the the equivalent lengths L/D and L for flow in the zone of complete turbulence.
Solution: K, L/D, and L should be given in terms of 6-inch Schedule 40 pipe;
When the resistance coefficient K is used in flow equations, the velocity and internal diameter
dimensions used in the equation must be based on the dimensions of the basis Schedule numbers
regardless of the pipe with which the valve may be installed.
The values in the "K" Factor Table are associated with the internal diameter of the following
pipe schedule numbers for the various ANSI Classes of valves and fittings.
Class 300 and lower
Class 400 and 600
Class 900
Class 1500
Class 2500 (sizes 1/2 to 6")
Class 2500 (sizes 8" & up)

Schedule 40
Schedule 80
Schedule 120
Schedule 160
XXS
Schedule 160

K
where,
d =

6.065 inches =

894.01 d 4

CV 2

0.5054 ft
K =

3.36

(based on 6", Schedule 40 pipe)

L K

D
f
f =

0.015 (from Moody Chart; for 6.065" ID pipe in fully turbulent flow range)
L/D =

224

L = (L / D) (D) =

113

feet

In the 1957 6th printing edition, an alternate solution is offered:

L
L =

74.3 d 5
f CV2
113

feet

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WorkSheet: Example 4-2

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Art Montemayor
Example 4-3 (18th printing)
Given: A 4-inch Class 600 steel conventional angle valve with full area seat.

Find: Resistance coefficient K, flow coefficient CV, and equivalent lengths L / D and L for flow
in the zone of complete turbulence.
Solution: K, L / D, and L should be given in terms of 4-inch Schedule 80 pipe;
When the resistance coefficient K is used in flow equations, the velocity and internal diameter
dimensions used in the equation must be based on the dimensions of the basis Schedule numbers
regardless of the pipe with which the valve may be installed.
The values in the "K" Factor Table are associated with the internal diameter of the following
pipe schedule numbers for the various ANSI Classes of valves and fittings.
Class 300 and lower
Class 400 and 600
Class 900
Class 1500
Class 2500 (sizes 1/2 to 6")
Class 2500 (sizes 8" & up)

K 150 f T

From the "K" Factor tables,

CV
K f
d =
fT =

Schedule 40
Schedule 80
Schedule 120
Schedule 160
XXS
Schedule 160

29.9 d 2
K
L
;
D

or

L
K

D
fT

3.826 inches
0.017 (from table on page A-26)
K =
CV =

2.55

L/D =
L =

150
47.8

274
feet

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WorkSheet: Example 4-3

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Art Montemayor
In the 1957 6th Printing edition, the problem is worded and resolved differently:
Given: A 4-inch 600-pound conventional angle valve with no obstruction in flat seat.

Find: The resistance coefficient K, flow coefficient Cv, and the equivalent lengths L / D and L
for fully turbulent flow.
Solution: K, L / D, and L should be given in terms of 4-inch Schedule 80 pipe;
L/D =

145

d =

3.826

L =

46

K =

2.4

Cv =

283

(from L/D tables for valves)


inches

(from Nomograph for equivalent lengths and K)

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WorkSheet: Example 4-3

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Art Montemayor
Example 4-4 (18th printing)

Given: A 6 x 4-inch Class 600 steel gate valve with inlet and outlet ports conically tapered from back of body
rings to valve ends. Face-to-face dimensions is 22" and back of seat ring to back of seat ring is
about 6".
Find: K2 for any flow condition, and L / D and L for flow in the zone of complete turbulence.
Solution: K, L/D, and L should be given in terms of 6-inch Schedule 80 pipe;
When the resistance coefficient K is used in flow equations, the velocity and internal diameter
dimensions used in the equation must be based on the dimensions of the basis Schedule numbers
regardless of the pipe with which the valve may be installed.
The values in the "K" Factor Table are associated with the internal diameter of the following
pipe schedule numbers for the various ANSI Classes of valves and fittings.
Class 300 and lower
Class 400 and 600
Class 900
Class 1500
Class 2500 (sizes 1/2 to 6")
Class 2500 (sizes 8" & up)

Schedule 40
Schedule 80
Schedule 120
Schedule 160
XXS
Schedule 160

K1 = 8 fT (from K Factor Table)

K2

K1 sin

0.8 1 b
2

2.6 1 b
2 2

b4

K f

L
;
D

or

L
K

D
fT
6"

d
b 1
d2

3.826"

d1 =

3.826 inches

d2 =

5.761 inches

fT =

0.015

5.761"
22"

b =
tan ( / 2) =
K2 =

0.66
0.1209 = sin ( / 2) --approximately
1.40

L/D =

93

diameters of 6" Schedule 80 pipe

L =

45

feet of 6" Schedule 80 pipe

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WorkSheet: Example 4-4

August 21, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
In the 1957 6th Printing edition, the problem is worded differently:
Given: A 6 x 4-inch 600-pound steel gate valve.

Find: The valve resistance coefficient K, and the equivalent lengths L / D and L, for fully turbulent flow
of Reynolds numbers indicated on the Moody Friction Factor diagram.
Solution: K, L / D, and L should be given in terms of 6-inch Schedule 80 pipe;
For venturi port gate valves:

L
L d
a
D a D b db

L d a


4
D b d b

For 6-inch Schedule 80 pipe:


d =
5.761 inches
D =
0.4801 feet
4
d4 =
1,101.5 in
For 4-inch Schedule 80 pipe:
d =
3.826 inches
4
d4 =
214.28 in
L/D =

13
(L/D)a =

fT =

This value is for a 4" constant diameter port gate valve


66.8

0.0151

This value is for 6" Schedule 80 pipe


This is the fully turbulent friction factor for 6" Schedule 80 pipe
as seen in the Moody chart

L
K f
D

This is the definition of the resistance coefficient, K

K =

1.01

This is based on the 6" Schedule 80 pipe

L = (L/D) D =

32.1

feet

This equivalent pipe length is based on the 6" Schedule 80 pipe

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Art Montemayor
Example 4-5 (18th printing)

Given: A globe type, lift check valve with a wing-guided disc is required in a 3-inch Schedule 40 horizontal
pipe carrying 70 oF water at the rate of 80 gallons per minute.
Find: The proper size check valve and the pressure drop. The valve should be sized so that the disc is
fully lifted at the specified flow.
Solution: For all practical purposes, it can be assumed that the pressure drop or head loss due to the flow of
fluids in the turbulent range through valves and fittings varies as the square of the velocity (P = k v2 ).
The minimum velocity required to lift a check valve's disc to the full-open and stable position has been
determined by tests for numerous types of check and foot valves, and is given in the "K" Factor Table.
It is expressed in terms of a constant times the square root of the specific volume of the fluid being
handled, making it applicable for use with any fluid.

vmin 40 V
v

(from K factor table)

0.408 Q
d2

(the "continuity" equation)

17.99 x106 K Q 2
P
d4
K1 600 f T
K2

(From K Factor Table)

K1 b 0.5 1 b 2 1 b 2

b4

(From K Factor Table)

d1
d2

(Definition of the "Beta" ratio)

d1 =

2.469 inches

(for 2-1/2" Schedule 40 pipe)

d2 =

3.068 inches

(for 3" Schedule 40 pipe)

V
=
fT =
Q =

0.01605
62.305
0.018
80

ft /lb
(the specific volume of water at 70 oF)
lb/ft3
(the density of water at 70 oF)
(for fully turbulent flow in 2-1/2" or 3" pipe)
gpm

vmin =

5.1

ft/sec

v =

3.5

ft/sec

(for the 3" check valve)

Note that the mean flow velocity of the 3" check valve is less than the recommended.
Try a smaller, 2-1/2" check valve instead.
v =

5.4

ft/sec

(for the 2-1/2" check valve)

Based on the above, a 2-1/2" check valve is recommended to be installed in the 3" pipe
using concentric reducers.

b =

0.80

(this is the Beta ratio between the check valve and the pipe)

K2 is the value of the resistance coefficient in terms of the larger pipe size and is determined by
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WorkSheet: Example 4-5

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Art Montemayor
basically dividing K1 by b4.
K2 =

26

P =

2.0

psi

(pressure drop of 80 gpm through the 2-1/2" check valve)

In the 1957 6th Printing edition, the problem is worded differently:


Given: A globe type, lift check valve with a wing-guided disc is required in a 3-inch Schedule 40 horizontal
pipe carrying 70 oF water at the rate of 100 gallons per minute.
Find: The proper size check valve and the pressure drop. The valve should be sized so that the disc is
fully lifted under normal flow conditions; see page 2-7 for discussion and page A-30 for minimum flow.
4
Solution: Solve the Darcy equation for the value of d :

P
d
4

D Q

0.00001799 f L
d4

D Q

0.00001799 f L
P

Calculate the Reynolds Number to determine the friction factor based on flow in the 3-inch pipe.

Re
Q =
P =
L/D

d
m

=
=
=
=

50.6 Q
dm

100
2.0
450
62.305
3.068
0.975
Re =

f =

gpm
psi

lb/ft3
inches
cP

This is the minimum pressure drop required across the globe lift check valve in
order to provide sufficient flow to lift the disc fully. This is given in page A-30.
This is the same as for a globe valve; also given in page A-30.
This is the density of water at 70 oF.
This is the ID of the 3-inch Schedule 40 pipe.
This is the viscosity of the 70 oF water.

105,396 This places the flow in the Transition Zone within the Moody Chart.

0.021
d4 =

The friction factor taken from the Moody Chart


53.0

From the pipe tables, it is seen that the value of the d4 parameter for the 3-inch pipe is
88.597 while that
for a 2-1/2 inch size similar check valve is
37.161
It is evident that for this flow condition the pressure drop through a wide-open valve is more than 2.0 psi for the
2-1/2 inch size and less than 2.0 psi for the 3-inch size. Therefore, the 3-inch valve would not be fully lifted and
a 2-1/2 inch size check valve should be used in this flow application.

4
L
L d
a 4
D a D b d b

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Art Montemayor
(L/D)b =

450

(da)4 =

88.597

(db)4 =

37.161

(L/D)a =

1,073

P =

2.85

psi

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Art Montemayor
Example 4-6 (18th printing)

o
Given: Water at 60 F is discharged from a tank with 22-feet of average head to the atmosphere through:

Quantity
200 feet
6
1

Item
3" Schedule 40 pipe
3" standard 90o threaded elbows
3" flanged ball valve having a 2-3/8" diameter seat, 16o
conical inlet, and 30o conical outlet end. Sharp-edged
entrance is flush with the inside of the tank

Find: The water velocity in the pipe and the rate of discharge in gallons per minute.
Solution:

hL K

v2
or ,
2g

v 0.408

Q
d2

2 g hL
K

or, Q 2.451v d 2

K =

0.5 (for pipe entrance at the tank)

K =

1.0 (for pipe exit at the end)

22'

fT =

0.018 (for fully turbulent flow in 3" pipe)

d1 =

2.375 inches

(bore of the reduced port ball valve)

d2 =

3.068 inches

(inside diameter of the 3" pipe)

For the K of a ball valve, the normal formula must be expanded in order to compensate for the different
inlet and outlet angles:

K2
b =

K1 0.8 sin

0.77

1 b 2.6 sin 1 b
2
2

2 2

b4

(Beta ratio of the valve's bore to the pipe ID)

Sin /2 = sin(16/2)=

0.14 (this sine value is for the valve's inlet half angle)

Sin /2 = sin(30/2)=

0.26 (this sine value is for the valve's outlet half angle)
K1 =

3 fT =

K2 =

0.58

K =
K =

30 fT =
3.24

K = f (L./ D) =

0.054
(This is the K for the ball valve)
0.54
(This is the K for one screwed elbow)
(This is the K for the 6 elbows)
14.08

(This is the K for the 200 feet of 3" straight pipe)

The K for the system is composed of the Ks for the entrance, pipe, elbows, ball valve, and exit.
K (total) =

19.4

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WorkSheet: Example 4-6

v =

8.5

ft/sec

August 21, 2006


(This is the mean velocity of the water in the 3" pipe)
Rev: 0

Q =

197

gpm

(This is the water flowrate exiting the system)

Art Montemayor

In order to verify that the assumption that the flow is in the fully turbulent zone,
Reynolds Number =

123.9 d v / m =

180,742 (Reynolds number in the 3" pipe)

From the Moody Chart, the corresponding f = 0.0195 and this is not in the fully turbulent zone.
Although this flow is in the transition zone, the difference is small enough to forego any correction
of K for the pipe.
The solution is valid from a practical point.

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WorkSheet: Example 4-6

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Art Montemayor
Example 4-7 (18th printing)

o
Given: S.A.E. 10 Lube Oil at 60 F flows through the system described in Example 4-6 at the same differential
head.

Find: The oil velocity in the pipe and the rate of flow in gallons per minute.
Solution:

hL K

v2
or ,
2g

v 0.408

Q
d2

2 g hL
K

or, Q 2.451 v d 2

Re 123.9
f

dv

22'

m
(Friction factor for laminar flow)

64
Re

K =

0.5 (for pipe entrance at the tank)

K =

1.0 (for pipe exit at the end)

K2 =

0.58

(This is the K for the ball valve as developed in Example 4-6)

K =

3.24

(This is the K for the 6 elbows as developed in Example 4-6)

54.64 lb/ft3

m =

100 cP

hL =

(oil density @ 60 oF)


(oil absolute viscosity @ 60 oF)

22 ft of oil

(static pressure head developed by oil)

Note that the resistance coefficient K is considered as being independent of the Friction Factor or the Reynolds
Number, and is treated as a constant for any valve or fitting under all condtions of flow (including laminar flow)
regardless of the fluid handled.
It is left to calculate the K for the 200 feet of 3" pipe and a velocity must be assumed in order to generate the
pipe K. The velocity can be checked through trial-and-error methods until convergence is reached.
Assume

v =

5.26

ft/sec

Re =

1,093

(Flow is laminar)

f =

0.059

(Friction factor for the 3" pipe)

K =

45.8

(K for 3" pipe)

K (total) =
v =

51.1
5.26

(K for the entire system)


ft/sec
(Oil mean velocity in 3" pipe -- this should equal the assumed value)

Q =

121

gpm

(Oil flowrate in the 3" pipe)

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WorkSheet: Example 4-7

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Art Montemayor
Example 4-8 (18th printing)

o
Given: S.A.E. 70 Lube Oil at 100 F is flowing at the rate of 600 barrels per hour through 200 feet of 8-inch
Schedule 40 pipe in which an 9-inch conventional globe valve with full bore is installed.

Find: The pressure drop due to flow through the pipe and valve.
Solution:

8.82 x 10 6 K B 2
d4
35.4 B
Re
dm

K1 340 f T
K f
f

L
D

64
Re

S =

o
0.916 at 60 F

(Specific Gravity of the oil relative to water at 60 oF)

S =

o
0.900 at 100 F

(Specific Gravity of the oil relative to water at 60 oF)

B =

600 barrels/hr

d =
m =

7.981 inches

(8" Schedule 40 pipe inside diameter)


(Oil viscosity at 100 oF)

470 cP

fT =

0.014

(Friction factor for fully turbulent flow in 8" pipe)

56.13 lb/ft3

(Oil density at 100 oF)

Re =

318

(Oil flow is very Laminar)

f =

0.20

(Friction factor for the laminar flow in the 8" pipe)

K1 =

4.76

(K factor for the full-bore 8" globe valve)

K =

60.55

(K factor for the 200 feet of 8" pipe)

K (Total) =

65.31

(Total K for the system)

P =

2.87

psi

Page 21 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-8

August 21, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-9 (18th printing)

o
Given: S.A.E. 20 Lube Oil at 100 F is flowing through 5-inch Schedule 40 pipe at a rate of 600 gallons per
minute, as shown in the following sketch.

Find: The velocity in feet per second and the pressure difference between gauges P1 and P2.
Solution:

5" Class 150, steel


angle valve with full
area seat - wide open
P2

5" Class 150 steel gate


valve with full area seat wide open.
P1

75'

5" R

50'

Flow
5" weld elbow

175'

0.408 Q
d2

Re

50.6 Q
dm

18 x 10 6 K Q 2
d4

(This is the pressure loss in the system due to flow)

hL
144

(This is the pressure loss in the system due to elevation change)


d =

5.047 inches

S =
S =

0.916
0.900

(Oil Specific Gravity @ 60 oF referenced to water @ 60 oF)


(Oil Specific Gravity @ 100 oF referenced to water @ 60 oF)

m =

470 cP

(Oil absolute viscosity @ 100 oF)

56.1 lb/ft3

(Oil density @ 100 oF)

fT =
Q =

0.016

(Friction factor for oil in fully turbulent flow)

600 gpm

(Oil flow rate)

First, establish if the flow is laminar or turbulent.


Re =
f = 64/Re =

723
0.089

(This flow is Laminar)


(This is the fricition factor for the oil in laminar flow)

Page 22 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-9

August 21, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor

K1 8 f T

This K is for the 5" gate valve and =

0.13

K1 150 f T

This K is for the 5" angle valve and =

2.40

K 20 f T

This K is for the 5" elbow and is =

0.32

This K is for the 5" pipe and is =

63.17

K f

L
D

The K for the entire system is the sum of the Ks =

66.01

v =

9.6

This is the oil mean velocity in the pipe.

P =

37.0

psi

(This is Pressure drop due to flow)

P =

19.5

psi

(This is Pressure drop due to elevation increase)

P (Total) =

56.5

psi

This is the total pressure drop between the gauges

Page 23 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-9

August 21, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-10 (18th printing)

Given: 600 psig steam at 850 oF flows through 400 feet of horizontal 6-inch Schedule 80 pipe at a rate of
90,000 lb/hr.
The system contains three 90o weld elbows having a relative radius of 1.5, one fully-open 6x4-inch
Class 600 venturi gate valve as described in example 4-4, and one 6-inch Class 600 y-pattern globe .
valve. The latter has a seat diameter equal to 0.9 of the inside diameter of Schedule 80 pipe, disc
fully lifted
Find: The pressure drop through the system.
Solution:

28 x 10 8 K W 2 V
d4

K1 b 0.5 1 b 2 1 b 2

K2

b4

K1 55 f T
0.90

(This is the K2 for the 6" globe valve)

(This is the given Beta ratio for the 6" globe valve)

K 14 f T

(This is the K for each 6" welded elbow)

L
D

Re 6.13

(This is the K1 for the 6" globe valve)

b =

K f

(This is the K for the 6" pipe)

W
dm

W =
d =

90,000
5.761
1.22
V
m = 0.026727
fT =
0.015

lb/hr
inches
ft3/lb
cP

(This is the 6" Schedule 80 pipe ID)


(This is the Specific Volume of the superheated steam)
(This is the viscosity of the superheated steam)
(This the friction factor for the 6" pipe in fully turbulent flow)

K1 =

0.825

(for Globe valve)

K2 =

1.41

(for Globe valve)

K2 =

1.40

(for Gate valve, as calculated in example 4-4)

Re = 3,688,279
f =

0.015

(The pipe friction factor as found in the Moody Chart)

K =

12.5

(for the 6" Schedule 80 pipe)

K =

0.63

(for the 3 - 6" welded elbows)

K (Total) =

15.94

(The total K for globe & gate valves, pipe, and elbows)

P =

39.9

psi

This is the pressure drop for the system

Page 24 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-10

This exercise compares the results and answers found in Crane Tech Paper #410 with those generated at:
http://www.engineeringpage.com/cgi-bin/dp/dpf.pl

Crane Tech Paper #410; example 4-10


CALCULATION INPUT
FLUID DATA
Medium

PIPE DATA
o

600 psia Steam

(@ 850 F)
3

Flowrate

109,440 ft /h

Size

Density

0.8223 lb/ft

Dynamic Viscosity

ANSI B36.10
6

Schedule

0.027 mPa.s [ = cP]

Sch 80

Pipe length

400

FITTINGS AND VALVES


Number of fittings were manually put in
Elbows

90

Valves

Number

R/D =

Type

Connection

R/D = 1.5

Long Radius

All Types

Number

Type

Special

Gate, Ball, Plug

Full line size

Globe

Angle or Y-type

CALCULATION RESULTS
External Diameter

168.28 mm

6.6252 inch

10.97 mm

0.4319 inch

Internal Diameter

146.34 mm

5.7614 inch

Flowrate

0.8608 m3/s

Wall Thickness

109,440 ft3/h

3098.9957 m /h
Density
Fluid velocity
Reynolds Number
Wall Roughness

13.172 kg/m3

0.0156 [ - ]

Total Pressure Drop

turbulent flow

0.05 mm

Moody Friction Factor

Pressure Drop fittings

167.9143 ft/s

3,653,869 [ - ]
0.0003 [ - ]

Pressure Drop straight line

0.8223 lb/ft3

51.1803 m/s

Relative roughness factor

=1

13,644.46 gpm (U.S.)

0.002 inch

737,060 Pa

7.3706

bar

106.90 psi

54,681 Pa

0.5468

bar

7.93 psi

791,741 Pa

7.9174

bar

114.83 psi

inch
ft

ose generated at:

DATA
6

inch

Sch 80
400

Connection
All Types

=1

.S.)

ft

August 21, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-11 (18th printing)

o
Given: Water at 180 F is flowing through a flat heating coil, shown in the sketch below, at a rate of 15 gpm.

Find: The pressure drop from Point A to Point B.


4" Radius

Solution:

18 x 10 6 K Q 2
d4
50.6 Q
Re
dm
K f

1" Schedule 40
pipe

L
D

B
1'

r
4
d

4" Radius

2'

4" Radius

(This is the radius of the pipe bends

K 90 14 f T

(This is the K for each of the two 90o bends

K B n 1 0.25 f T 0.5 K 90 K 90
d

m
d
fT
Q

1'

=
=
=
=
=

60.569
0.34
1.049
0.023
15

lb/ft3
cP
inches
gpm

(K for each 180o bend)

(Water density at 180 oF)


(Water viscosity at 180 oF)
(1" Schedule 40 pipe ID)
(Friction factor for 1" pipe in fully turbulent flow)
(Hot water flow rate)

Re = 127,131
f =
0.024

This reveals that the water is in the transition zone


This is the pipe friction factor at the flowing conditions

K =
K =
KB =

4.94
0.64
3.89

This is the K for the 18 feet of straight 1" pipe


This is the K for the 2 -90o bends
This is the K for the 7-180o bends

K(Total) =

9.47

This is the total K for the entire system

P =

1.92

psi

This is the total system pressure drop

Art's Note: This example problem doesn't mention whether the flat coil is in a horizontal or a vertical orientation.
For practical purposes, it is very important to know the orientation, although the pressure drop will
be the same --- as long as the entire 1" pipe is 100% water filled.
If the coil is vertically oriented, then air will initially be trapped at the top of the 4 - 180o returns.
This air will create a 2-phase flow region at these sites and the pressure drop will increase. It is
very important in an actual, industrial application that the top of each of the 4 top 180o returns be
initially vented to the atmosphere and all air be expelled from there in order to ensure that the
system is started up with 100% water-filled condtions. It is in this manner that the system can
"recover" the energy spent in going vertically up 2 feet four times in the coil run. If the system is not
100% water-filled, then total recovery of this energy cannot be done because of the air's
compressibility.

Page 27 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-11

This exercise compares the results and answers found in Crane Tech Paper #410 with those generated at:
http://www.engineeringpage.com/cgi-bin/dp/dpf.pl

Crane Tech Paper #410; example 4-11


CALCULATION INPUT
FLUID DATA

PIPE DATA
o

Medium

Water at 180 F

Flowrate

ANSI B36.10

15 GPM
3

Density

60.57 lb/ft

Dynamic Viscosity

Size

Schedule

Sch 40

0.34 mPa.s [= cP] Pipe length

18

inch
ft

FITTINGS AND VALVES


Number of fittings were manually put in
Elbows 90 Number R/D = ... Type
2

R/D = 5

Connection

Pipe Bend

Return 180 Number R/D = ... Type


7

Connection

R/D = 1.5 Long Radius All Types

CALCULATION RESULTS
External Diameter

33.4 mm

1.315 inch

Wall Thickness

3.38 mm

0.1331 inch

26.64 mm

1.0488 inch

Internal Diameter
Flowrate

0.0009 m3/s

15 gpm (U.S.)

120.3125 ft3/h

3.4069 m /h
Density
Fluid velocity
Reynolds Number
Wall Roughness

970.2383 kg/m3

60.57 lb/ft3

1.6978 m/s
129,071
0.05 mm

5.5703 ft/s
turbulent flow
0.002 inch

Relative roughness factor

0.0019

Moody Friction Factor

0.0247

Pressure Drop straight line

23,318 Pa

0.2332 bar

3.382 psi

6,923 Pa

0.0692 bar

1.004 psi

30,241 Pa

0.3024 bar

4.386 psi

Pressure Drop fittings


Total Pressure Drop

ose generated at:

August 21, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-12 (18th printing)

Given: A 12-inch Schedule 40 steel pipe 60 feet long, containing a standard gate valve 10 feet from the
entrance, discharges 60 oF water to atmosphere from a reservoir. The entrance projects inward into
the reservoir and its center line is 12 feet below the water level in the reservoir.
Find: The diameter of a thin-plate orifice that must be centrally installed in the pipe to restrict the velocity
of flow to 10 feet per second when the gate valve is wide open.
Solution:

hL K

Re

v2
2g

or , System K

2 g hL
v2

123.9 d v

RO

K =

0.78 (K for pipe entrance)

K =

1.00 (K for pipe exit)

K1 =

8 fT

K f

L
D

K Orifice
v =

(K for the 12" pipe)

1 b 2
C2 b 4

(this is the relationship between an orifice K and its b ratio)

10 ft/sec
11.938 inches

3
62.371 lb/ft

m =

1.12 cP

hL =

30'

10'

(K for the 12" gate valve)

d =

fT =

60'

12'

0.013

(This the friction factor for the 12" pipe in fully turbulent flow)

12.0 ft
Re =

(This is the system head; assume the reservoir's level to remain constant)
822,889

flow is in the transition zone

f =

0.014

The pipe's friction factor, using the Moody Chart

K =

7.73

This is the system's K required for the desired velocity of 10 ft/sec.

K1 =

0.104

This is gate valve's K

K =

0.84

This is the 12" pipe's K

K(Total) =

2.728

+ the orifice's K

K(orifice)=

5.00

(This is the K of the orifice that satisfies the system's needs)

From the graph on page A-20 showing C versus Reynolds Number at varying Beta values, an assumed Beta
yields a C with which the K(orifice) can be calculated. Trial-and-Error method is used as follows:
At the Reynolds Number of 822,889, different values of Beta ratio are assumed.

Page 30 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-12

August 21, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Assumed b value
0.70
0.65
0.67
d1 =

8.12

C value
0.70
0.67
0.682
inches

K
4.33
7.21
5.88

The assumed b is too large; use a smaller one


The assumed b is too small; use an intermediate
This is close enough; use b = 0.68

(This is the bore diameter of the required orifice)

Page 31 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-12

August 21, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-13 (18th printing)

Given: Fuel oil with a density of 0.815 grams per cubic centimeter and a kinematic viscosity of 2.7
centistokes is flowing through 50 millimeter I.D. steel pipe, 30 meters long at a rate of 7.0 liters
per second.
2
Find: Head loss in meters of fluid and pressure drop in kg/cm , bar, and megapascal (MPa)

Solution: Define the symbols in SI units as follows:


A =
D =
g =
hL =
L =
q =
v =
=
P(kpc) =
P(bar) =
P(MPa)=

Pipe cross-sectional flow area, in meters2 =


0.001963
Pipe internal diameter, in meters =
0.0500
2
Acceleration of gravity
=
9.80665 meters/sec
head loss, in meters of fluid
Pipe length, in meters =
30
flow rate, in meters3/sec =
0.007
mean fluid velocity
=
3.565 meter/sec (mean velocity by the continuity equation)
3
fluid density, in grams/centimeter
=
0.815
fluid pressure drop, in kilograms/centimeter2
fluid pressure drop, in bars
fluid pressure drop, in megapascals

1.0 meter =
2
1.0 kg/cm =
3
1.0 kg/cm =

3.28 feet =
0.98067 bar =
0.098067 Mpascal =

39.37 inches
14.22334 psi
14.22334 psi

A column of fluid one square centimeter in cross-sectional area and one meter high is equal to a pressure of
0.1 kg/cm2; therefore:
Re = 7740 d v/ n
Re =

f =

hL f

where,
d =
v =
n =

65,986

0.023

1.9685 inches
11.6934 ft/sec
2.7
centistokes (Kinematic viscosity)

(This is the friction factor from the Moody Chart)

L v
D 2g

8.94

meters

P(kpc) =

0.729

kg/cm2

P(bar) =

0.715

bar

P(MPa) =

0.071

MegaPascal

(This is the head loss through the 50 mm pipe)

Page 32 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-13

August 21, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-14 (18th printing)

o
Given: Water at 60 F is flowing through the piping system, shown in the sketch below, at a rate of 400 gpm.

Find: The velocity in both the 4 and 5-inch pipe sizes and the pressure differential between the pressure
gauges P1 and P2.
Solution:

5" Schedule 40 pipe


5" weld elbow
with 7-1/2" radius

P2

4" Schedule 40 pipe


150'
5" Schedule 40 pipe

75'

P1
Flow

5"x4" Reducing weld elbow


with 7-1/2" radius

110'
Use Daniel Bernoulli's theorem, which states:

Z1

v12
144 P2
v 22

Z2

hL
2g
2
2g

144 P1

Assume that the hydraulic head of 75 feet has negligible effect on the water's density; therefore, 1 = 2 :

v22 v12

hL
2
1
2g
144

P1 P2
0.00259 K Q 2
d4
50.6 Q
Re
dm
hL

K f

L
D

f L
Db4

(This is the K for the 4" pipe, in terms of the 5" pipe)

K 14 f T
K 14 f T
=

3
62.371 lb/ft

m =

1.121 cP

d1 =

4.026 inches

d2 =

5.047 inches

Q =

400 gpm

fT =

(This is the K for the 5" 90o elbow

1 b
2

This is the K for the 4" x 5" expanding elbow & is the
sum of a straight-sized elbow + a sudden enlargement

0.016

Page 33 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-14

August 21, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
b =
0.80
(Z1 - Z2) =

75 feet
v1 =
v2 =
2

(v

10.08

ft/sec

(This is the mean velocity in the 4" pipe by the continuity equation)

6.41

ft/sec

(This is the mean velocity in the 5" pipe by the continuity equation)

- v 1)/2g =

-0.94

feet

Re = 279,689 (This is the Reynolds Number for the 4" pipe; it falls within the Transition Zone)
Re = 223,108 (This is the Reynolds Number for the 5" pipe; it falls within the Transition Zone)
f =

0.018

K =

9.6

(This is the K for the 225 feet of 5" pipe)

K =

5.9

(This is the K for the 110 feet of 4" pipe)

K2 =

14.6

(This is the K for the 4" pipe in terms of the 5" pipe)

K =

0.22

(This is the K for the 5" common elbow)

K =

0.55

(This is the K for the 4" x 5" expander elbow)

K (Total) =

24.98

This is the total K for the entire system of pipe & elbows

hL =

16.0

feet of fluid

P = (P1 - P2) =

(This is the friction factor for both 4" and 5" pipe)

39.0

psi

Page 34 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-14

September 30, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-15 (18th printing)

o
Given: Water at 70 F is pumped through the piping system shown in the sketch at the rate of 100 gpm.

Find: The total discharge head (H) at flowing conditions and the brake horsepower (bhp) required for a pump
having an efficiency (eP) of 70 per cent.
Solution:
3" Schedule 40 pipe
3" Std. Gate Valve

300'

2-1/2" Globe lift check


valve with wingguided disc &
concentric reducers
for 3" pipe.

100'

70'

Four 3" Std. 90o threaded


elbows
30'
Use Daniel Bernoulli's theorem, which states:

Z1

144 P1

v12
144 P2
v2
Z2
2 hL
2g
2
2g

Assume that the hydraulic head of 400 feet has negligible effect on the water's density; therefore, 1 = 2.
Since the mean velocity at the pump discharge is the same as at the outlet (v1 = v2), the equation is:

144

hL

0.00259 K Q 2
d4

Re 123.9

dv

0.408 Q
d2
QH
bhp
247,000 e P

P1 P2 Z 2 Z1 hL
The head loss through the 3" discharge pipe system due to flow

The Reynolds Number through the 3" pipe system

The mean water velocity through the 3" pipe system

K =

30 fT

The Brake Horsepower required to pump the water through


the 3" pipe system and up to the 400 feet of elevation.
The K for 90o elbows

K1 =

8 fT

The K for the gate valve

K =

f (L/D)

The K for the 3" pipe

Page 35 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-15

September 30, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
K
d

m
fT
Q

=
=
=
=
=
=

1.00
3.068
62.305
0.97
0.018
100
v =

inches
lb/ft3
cP

This is the K for the 3" pipe fluid exit loss


This is the ID of the 3" Schedule 40 pipe
This is the density of the 70 oF water
This is the absolute viscosity of 70 oF water
This is the friction factor for water in fully turbulent flow in the 3" pipe

gpm
4.33

Re = 105,294

ft/sec
This Reynolds Number identifies the flow as in the Transition zone.

f =

0.021

This is the 3" pipe's friction factor from the Moody Chart

K =

2.16

This is the K for the four 90o elbows

K1 =

0.14

This is the K for the gate valve

K =

26.33

This is the K for the Check Valve with reducers as per Example 4-5

K =

41.07

This is the K for the 500 feet of 3" Schedule 40 pipe

K (Total) =

70.70

This is the Total K for the system, including the exit K

hL =

21

ft of water This is the head loss for the 3" pipe system due to flow

H =

421

ft of water This is the head loss for the 3" pipe system including static head

bhp =

15.2

This is the Pump's Brake Horsepower, assuming 70% efficiency.

Page 36 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-15

September 30, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-16 (18th printing)

o
Given: Air at 65 psig and 110 F is flowing through 75 feet of 1-inch Schedule 40 pipe at a rate of 100
standard cubic feet per minute (scfm).
(Standard Conditions are defined here as: 60 oF and 14.7 psia)

Find: The pressure drop in psi and the velocity in ft/min at both upstream and downstream gauges.
Solution:
Refer to the Table for the Flow of Air through Schedule 40 steel pipe.

Art's Note:
1.)
2.)
3.)
4.)

P =

2.21

psi

for 100 psi, 60 oF air at a flow rate of 100 scfm through 100 ft
of 1", Schedule 40 pipe.

P =

2.61

psi

This is the P corrected for length, pressure, & temperature.

q'm =

100

scfm

The air flow measured at Std. conditions

qm(1) =

20.2

acfm

The air flow measured at 65 psig & 110 oF (Upstream)

qm(2) =

20.9

acfm

The air flow measured at (65 - 2.61) psig & 110 oF (Downstream)

V =

3,369

ft/min

Mean air velocity at upstream conditions

V =

3,483

ft/min

Mean air velocity at downstream conditions

Standard Conditions were not defined for this problem. This should be mandatory.
The 65 psig pressure is not defined as to location; it was assumed that this is the initial pressure.
Note that it is not mentioned that it is assumed that the temperature stays constant (Isothermal).
Since the pressure drop is less than 10% of the initial pressure, the conventional Darcy equation
could have been used to calculate the pressure drop:

0.000000359 f L V 2
P
d

where,
f
L

V
d

=
=
=
=
=

psi

the friction factor for flow in the 1" pipe


the 100 feet of 1" pipe
the density of the air, lb/ft3, at the initial conditions
the mean air velocity at the initial conditions
the internal diameter of the 1" pipe.

Note that the Reynolds Number would also have to be calculated to obtain f; this means that the
viscosity of the air at the initial conditions would also have to be known.
The density of air at standard conditions would have to be known in order to find the mass of air
flowing. This mass air flow is constant, so the volumetric flow can be calculated using the density
values at the initial as well as at the final points.
The air tables have already taken the air density into consideration and this is the reason they are
useful for calculating this type of problem.

Page 37 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-16

September 30, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-17 (18th printing)

o
Given: Crude oil with 30 degrees API at 15.6 C with a viscosity of 75 Universal Saybolt seconds is being
pumped through a 12-inch Schedule 30 steel pipe at a rate of 1,900 barrels per hour. The pipe line is
50 miles long with discharge at an elevation of 2,000 feet above the pump inlet. Assume the pump
has an efficiency of 67%.

Find: The brake horsepower of the pump.


Solution:

P 0.0001058
Re 35.4

hL

f L B2
d5

B
dm

144 P

brake horsepower
t
L

S
B
d
m
h

=
=
=

=
=
=
=

15.6
50
54.65
0.8762
1,900
12.090
14.2
2,000

QH
247,000 e P

o
60.1 F
264,050 ft

C =
miles =
lb/ft3

Temperature of the crude oil; it remains constant


This is the degrees API converted to density
This is the density converted to Specific Gravity

bbls/hr =
inches
cP
feet

1,330 gpm
This is the kinematic viscosity converted to absolute viscosity
This is the height that the crude is elevated by the pump

Re =

21,442

This Reynolds Number identifies the flow as in the Transition Zone.

f =

0.025

This is the friction factor as read from the Moody Chart

P =

533

hL =
H =

psi

This is the oil's pressure drop over 50 miles of pipeline

1,406

ft

This is the pressure drop converted to head loss

3,406

ft

This is the total head developed by the pump to pump the oil for
50 miles and raise it to an elevation of 2,000 feet.

The pump's Brake Horsepower =

1,496

Page 38 of 277

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WorkSheet: Example 4-17

September 30, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-18 (18th printing)

Given: A 14-inch, Schedule 20, natural gas pipe line is 100 miles long. The inlet pressure is 1,300 psia, the
outlet pressure is 300 psia, and the average temperature is 40 oF. The gas analysis is 75% CH4,
21% C2H6, and 4% C3H8.
Find: The flowrate in millions of standard cubic feet per day (MMscfd).
Solution: (Art's Note: First and foremost, note that the basis of the gas composition is totally lacking; this is a
gross error on the part of any engineer. Without a basis, this problem can't be solved. A mole %
basis is therefore assumed. This is the same as a volumetric basis.)
Three solutions to this example are presented for the purpose of illustrating the variations in results
obtained by use of:
1. the Simplified Compressible Flow forumula;
2. the Weymouth formula; and,
3. the Panhandle formula.
Simplified Compressible Flow forumula

P' 2 P' 2 5
2
q 114.2 1
d
f
L
T
S

m
g

'
h

Re
d
m
f
T
P'1

=
=
=
=
=

13.376
0.011
0.0128
500
1,300

inches
cP
o

R
psia

0.482 q h' S g
dm

(the pipeline internal diameter)


(absolute viscosity estimated from gas graphs)
(assumed friction factor for fully turbulent flow; from the Moody Chart)
(the absolute gas temperature)
(initial pipeline pressure)

P'2 =

300 psia

(final pipeline pressure)

Lm =

100 miles

(pipeline length)

CH4

molecular
weight
16

C2 H6

30

Component

75

MW x
mole frac.
12.00

21

6.30

mole %

C3 H8
44
4
Mixture Molecular Weight =

1.76
20.06

The Specific Gravity of gases is defined as the ratio of the molecular weight of the gas to that of air.
MW(air) =

28.964

Sg =

0.693
q'h =

Re = 10,186,290
f =

0.0128

4,489,682 scfh =

107.8

MMscfd

This Reynolds Number identifies the flow as fully turbulent


This friction factor is equal to that of the assumed
Page 39 of 277

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WorkSheet: Example 4-18

September 30, 2006


Rev: 0
Since the assumed friction factor is correct, the correct flow rate is that calculated. Note that if the assumed
friction factor were found to be incorrect, it would have necessary to repeat the exercise with a new assumption
until the assumed friction factor was in reasonable agreement with that based upon ithe calculated Reynolds
Number.

Art Montemayor

Weymouth formula

q 28.0 d
'
h

q'h =

2.667

P' 2 P'
2
1
S
L

g
m

4,379,360 scfh =

105.1

520

T
MMscfd

Panhandle formula

q h' 36 . 8 E d
E =

0.92
q'h =

2 . 6182

P'
1

P2'
Lm

0 . 5394

Assume a flow efficiency for average operation conditions


5,575,520 scfh =

133.8

MMscfd

Page 40 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-18

September 30, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-19 (18th printing)

o
Given: Water at 60 F is flowing from a reservoir through the piping system below. The reservoir has a
constant head of 11.5 feet.

Find: The flow rate in gallons per minute.


Solution:

hL
K

Q 19.65 d 2
50.6 Q
dm

Re
K
K
K1
K

=
=
=
=

Water @

K for entrance loss


K for the Mitre elbow

8 fT
f (L/D)

K for the gate valve


K for straight pipe runs

0 .5 1 b 2

2" Sch 40 Pipe

d1

1/b4

This is the K for the exit from the 2" pipe in terms of the 3" pipe

11.5 ft of water

the head above the water outlet

3.068 inches

the large pipe inside diameter

d2 =

2.067 inches

the smaller pipe inside diameter

fT =
b =

the absolute viscosity of water at 60 oF


the density of water at 60 oF
the friction factor for fully turbulent flow in the 3" pipe

1.1211 cP
62.371 lb/ft3
0.018
0.019
0.67
K =
K =
K1 =
K =
K =
K =
K2 =
K (Total) =
Q =

20'

This is K for the 2" pipe in terms of the 3" pipe

d1 =
m =
=
fT =

10'

This is the K for the sudden contraction between the 3" and 2" pipes

f L
Db4
K =

3" Sch 40 Pipe

11.5'

0.5
60 fT

K2

hL =

3" Std. gate valve;

the friction factor for fully turbulent flow in the 2" pipe
this is the Beta ratio between the two pipes
0.50
1.08
0.14
0.70
10.71
4.85
1.33
19.31
143

This K is for the water entering from the tank into the outlet
This K is for the 3" mitered elbow
This K is for the 3" gate valve
This K is for the 10' of 3" pipe
This K is for the 20' of 2" pipe in terms of the 3" pipe
This K is for the 2" exit in terms of the 3" pipe
This K is for the sudden contraction from 3" to 2"
This is the Total K for the system
gpm

This solution has assumed the pipe flow is in the fully turbulent zone
and has used the corresponding fT to calculate the individual pipe Ks.

In order to verify that the pipe flow is verily in the fully turbulent zone, the Reynolds Numbers must be calculated
and the corresponding friction factors found and compared with the f T used.

Page 41 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-19

Art Montemayor
Re =
f =

130,953
0.020

This is the Reynolds Number for the 3" pipe


This is the friction factor for flow in the 3" pipe

Re =
f =

194,371
0.021

This is the Reynolds Number for the 2" pipe


This is the friction factor for flow in the 2" pipe

September 30, 2006


Rev: 0

The friction factors used for the straight pipe are not in agreement with the fully turbulent flow values used in
obtaining the approximate flow rate. Therefore, the K factors for the two pipes should be corrected accordingly:
K =

0.78

This corrected K is for the 10' of 3" pipe

K =

11.83

This corrected K is for the 20' of 2" pipe in terms of the 3" pipe

K (Total) =

20.52

This is the corrected Total K for the system

Q =

138

gpm

This the correct solution.

Page 42 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-19

September 30, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-20 (18th printing)

Given: A header with 170 psia saturated steam is feeding a pulp stock digester through 30 feet of 2-inch
Schedule 40 pipe which includes one standard 90 degree elbow and a fully-open conventional
plug type disc globe valve. The initial pressure in the digester is atmospheric.
Find: The initial flow rate in pounds per hour, using both the modified Darcy formula and the sonic
velocity and continuity equations.
Solution:
Using the Modified Darcy Formula

W 1891Y d 2

P
KV

20'

L
K f
D
K
K
K1
K

=
=
=
=

Spherical Digester
@ 14.7 psia

30 fT

0.5

K for Entrance from header


K for 2", 90o Elbow

340 fT
1.0

K for 2" globe valve


K for exit from 2" pipe into digester

k = Cp/Cv =
d =
2.067
30
V L =
2.6748
fT =
0.019
g =
32.20

1.297
inches
ft
ft3/lb
ft/sec2

10'

Ratio of specific heats for saturated steam vapor; from tabular data
Internal diameter of 2" pipe
Straight length of 2" pipe
Specific volume of saturated steam at 170 psia
The friction factor for fully turbulent flow in the 2" pipe
The acceleration of gravity

K =
K =
K1 =
K =
K =
K (Total) =

0.50
0.57
6.46
1.00
3.31
11.84

This is the K for the header steam entering the 2" pipe
This is the K for the 2", 90o elbow
This is the K for the 2" globe valve, fully opened
This is the K for the steam exiting the 2" pipe and entering the digester
This is the K for the 2" pipe (assumed @ fully turbulent flow)
This is the total K for the system (assuming fully turbulent flow)

P/P1 =

0.914

This is the ratio of the overall pressure drop to the initial pressure

From tabular data, it is seen that the maximum P/P1 for sonic flow to exist is 0.785 when the system K = 11.84.
This means that, since this value is less than the calculated P/P1, sonic ("choked") flow is taking place
at the end of the 2" pipe as it enters the digester. Therefore, the pressure drop for these flow conditions is:
P =

133.5

Y =

0.710

W =

11,776

psi

This is the pressure drop that is fixed by the steam sonic flow
Y net expansion factor for adiabatic flow (isenthalpic expansion)
and used to compensate for the changes in fluid properties due to
fluid expansion.

lb/hr

This is the steam flow rate occurring at sonic conditions and is


the maximum mass flow rate that can occur under these pressure
conditions.

Page 43 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-20

September 30, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Using Sonic Velocity and Continuity Equations
'

vS

144 g k P2 V

This is the sonic velocity for an expanded gas

vd2
0.0509V

This is the Continuity equation

P'1 =
P =

170
133.5

hg =

1,197.2

P'2 =

36.6

psia
psi

The initial saturated steam pressure


The pressure drop @ sonic conditions as developed above

btu/lb

The enthalpy of the saturated steam entering the 2" pipe

psia

This is the final (maximum) pressure that will yield sonic flow;
constant, sonic flow will continue even though the final pressure
is dropped to a lower value - such as 14.7 psia.

The steam expansion that takes place across the globe valve is assumed to be adiabatic and, therefore, the
enthalpy conditions are equal on both sides of the valve - H = 0.0. Therefore,
hg =

1,197.2

btu/lb

The enthalpy of the saturated steam exiting the 2" pipe;


This is the same as the steam entering the pipe (H = 0)
The enthalpy of the saturated steam exiting the 2" pipe;

12.425

ft3/lb

This is the steam's specific volume at 36.6 psia and H= 1,197.2 but/lb
The resulting temperature = 317 oF and superheated.

vS =

1,653

ft/sec

This is the steam's sonic velocity 36.6 psia and 317 oF

W =

11,164

lb/hr

Art's Note: The problem asks for "the initial flow rate"; the P has been calculated assuming that 36.6 psia
is the downstream pressure when the initial downstream pressure will be, by definition, 14.7 psia.

Page 44 of 277

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WorkSheet: Example 4-20

September 30, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-21 (18th printing)

Given: Coke oven gas with a specific gravity of 0.42, a header pressure of 125 psig, and a temperature
of 140 oF is flowing through 20 feet of 3-inch Schedule 40 pipe before discharging to atmosphere.
Assume that the gas's ratio of specific heats, k = 1.4.
Find: The flow rate in standard cubic feet per hour (scfh).
Solution:

q h' 40,700 Y d 2
K f
P'1 =
f = fT =

d =
Sg =
T1 =
L =

P P1'
K T1 S g

125 psig

L
D

139.7 psia

header absolute pressure

0.0175

3.068 inches
0.42
o
600 R
20 feet

The Reynolds Number is not necessary to identify f since the discharged gas
to the atmosphere will have a very large Re, and flow will always be in the
fully turbulent range, in which the friction factor is a horizontal line on the
Moody Chart - and constant.
the discharge pipe ID
the specific gravity of the gas
the initial, absolute temperature of the gas in the header.
length of 3" discharge pipe

K =
K =
K =
K (Total) =

0.5
1.369
1.0
2.87

This is the entrance loss K


This is the 3" pipe K
This is the K for the exit loss out of the 3" pipe
This is the K for the Total System

P/P'1 =

0.895

This is the ratio of the overall pressure drop to the initial pressure

From tabular data, it is seen that the maximum P/P1 for sonic flow to exist is 0.657 when the system K = 2.87.
Since the indicated P/P'1 is less than that calculated above, sonic velocity occurs at the end of the 3" pipe
and the P for the corresponding flow equation is:
P =

91.8
Y =

0.637

q'h =

1,027,686

psi
Interpolated from the tabulated data for Y
scfh

gas flow rate measured at 60 oF & 14.7 psia

Page 45 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-21

September 30, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor

Source:

http://www.cheresources.com/indexzz.shtml

Sonic Flow, Crane TP-410 example 4-21


Taran Baker
Dec 1 2004

My question concerns sonic gas flow from a pipe. Example 4-21 (pg 4-14) of Crane
TP-410 includes an exit loss when calculating the equivalent length of pipe. However, I
struggle to comprehend why this is required. If we are including an exit loss, aren't we
saying that the flow is choked not at the end of the pipe, but some distance from the pipe
discharge? The reason I am asking is that I am trying to calculate the reaction force from
a pipeline vent. As such, I require the choked pressure at the end of the vent pipe. My
gut feeling tells me that I shouldn't include an exit loss. Any assistance with this would be
most appreciated.

rxnarang

In adibatic flow of gas through a conduit of constant cross section, the sonic velocity is
always reached at the end of the pipe. You are correct.
However, there is always energy loss involved due to friction, including entrance and
exit losses, which are a form of energy loss. All these energy losses influence the energy
profile of the fluid. Given that sonic velocity occurs at the end of the line, higher the
losses, lesser the amount of fluid flow. Hence, taking the exit losses into account is
important, as it will influence the amount of fluid which can flow in the pipe.
Crane Example 4-21 is correct in computing all the losses which occur.
Hope this helps.
Regards

Page 46 of 277

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WorkSheet: Example 4-21

September 30, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor

Page 47 of 277

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WorkSheet: Example 4-21

September 30, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor

However, I

rom the pipe


n force from
this would be

e the energy

Page 48 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-21

September 30, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-22 (18th printing)

o
Given: Air at a pressure of 19.3 psig and a temperature of 100 F is measured at a point 10 feet from
the outlet of a 1/2-inch Schedule 80 pipe discharging to atmosphere.

Find: The air flow rate in standard cubic feet per minute (scfm).
Solution:

q m' 678 Y d 2
K f
P'1
P
d
fT
L
T1

=
=
=
=
=
=

P P1'
K T1 S g

The modified Darcy flow equation for compensating for the change
of fluid properties due to free, adiabatic expansion of the fluid.

L
D

34.0
19.3
0.546
0.0275
10
560

psia
psi
inches

The initial, absolute pressure in the 1/2" pipe


The pressure difference between the pipe initial pressure and atm.
The internal diameter of the 1/2" pipe
The friction factor under fully turbulent flow
The straight length of the 1/2" pipe
The initial, absolute temperature of the air in the pipe

ft
R

K =
K =
K (Total) =

6.04
1.00
7.04

This is the K for the 10 feet of 1/2" pipe


This is the K for the pipe exit into the atmosphere
This is the Total K for the system

P/P'1 =

0.568

This is the ratio of the overall pressure drop to the initial pressure

Y =

0.76

Y net expansion factor for adiabatic flow (isenthalpic expansion)


and used to compensate for the changes in fluid properties due to
fluid expansion.

q'm =

62.7

scfm

Art's Note: Note that fully turbulent flow is assumed to be occurring while the 1/2" pipe is venting to atmosphere.
While this is more than probable, it hasn't been verified.
Sub-sonic air flow is also assumed in this problem. This is another item that hasn't been verified.

Page 49 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-22

September 30, 2006


Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-23 (18th printing)

Given: A square-edged orifice with 2.0-inch diameter is installed in a 4-inch Schedule 40 pipe having a
mercury manometer connected between taps located 1 diameter upstream and 0.5 diameter
downstream.
o
a) The theoretical calibration constant for the meter when used on 60 F water and for
the flow range where the orifice flow coefficient C is constant.
o
b) The flow rate of 60 F water when the mercury manometer difference is 4.4 inches.

Find:

Solution:

Q 236 d C
2
1

Re

50.6 Q
dm

hm
12144

Flow

The flow equation for an orifice

The Reynolds number

The differential pressure across the orifice taps

hm = the differential head in inches of Mercury (Hg)


The weight density of mercury under water =

W =

W (SHg - SW)

3
62.371 lb/ft

Density of water at 60 oF

SHg =

13.568

Specific Gravity of Mercury at 60 oF, referred to Water at 60 oF

SW =

1.000

Specific Gravity of Water at 60 oF, referred to Water at 60 oF

Hg =

3
783.88 lb/ft

P =

0.454 hm

the differential pressure across the orifice taps

d1 =

2.000 inches

the orifice diameter

d2 =
b =
C =

4.026 inches
0.497
0.625

the pipe's I.D.


The ratio of the orifice diameter to the I.D. of the pipe

Q =

50.32 hm)^0.5 This is the calibration constant and solution "a)".

Q =
m =
Re =

106
gpm
1.1211 cP
73,800

Density of Mercury underwater

this is the viscosity of the 60 oF water

The calculated value of C = 0.625 corresponds to the calculated Reynolds Number of 73,800; therefore, the
flow rate
106
gpm through the 4" pipe is verified as correct.
(this is solution "b)" )
Should the C factor prove to be incorrect for the Reynolds number based on the calculated flow, it must be
adjusted by trial-and-error methodology until reasonable agreement is reached.

Page 50 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-23

Example 4-24 (18th printing)


(Added by Yue Meng Yi Clarence, May 2011)
o
Given: SAE 10 Lube Oil at 90 F is flowing through a 3-inch Schedule 40 pipe and produces 0.4 psi
pressure differential between the pipe taps of a 2.15-inch I.D. square-edged orifice.
Find: The oil flow rate in gallons per minute (gpm).
Solution:
Schematic

d2

d1

DP
Equations used as per Crane 410
American Units Equations

Q 236d12 C
Re

50.6Q
d2m

b d1 / d 2
P =
d1 =

0.4
2.15

psi
in.

differential pressure measured by manometer or dP cell


internal diameter (ID) of 2.15-in. orifice

d2 =
C=
b=

3.068
0.87
0.70

in.
-

internal diameter (ID) of 3-in. Sch 40 pipe


discharge coefficient for orifice (guessed value)
ratio between orifice ID and pipe ID

water =

62.4

lbm/ft3

density of water at 60oF

Soil (60/60) =
Soil =
oil =

0.876
0.87
54.29

lbm/ft3

specific gravity of oil at 60oF w.r.t. water at 60oF


specific gravity of oil at actual temperature w.r.t. water at 60oF

cP

viscosity of oil at actual temperature


flow rate of oil
Reynolds' number based on pipe ID, d2

moil =

38

Q=

81.5

gpm

Re =

1920

density of oil at actual temperature

Discharge coefficient diagram, A-20, from Crane 410

C (trial 1) = 0.9

C (trial 2) = 0.87

Example 4-24 (18th printing, SI units)


(Added by Yue Meng Yi Clarence, May 2011)
o
Given: SAE 10 Lube Oil at 32 C is flowing through a 3-inch Schedule 40 pipe and produces 2.8 kPa
pressure differential between the pipe taps of a 55 mm I.D. square-edged orifice.
Find: The oil flow rate in litres per minute (Lpm).
Solution:
Schematic

d2

d1

DP
Equations used as per Crane 410
Metric / SI Units

Q 21.07 d12 C
Re

21.22 Q
d2m

b d1 / d 2
P =
d1 =

0.028
55

bar
mm

differential pressure measured by manometer or dP cell


internal diameter (ID) of 2.15-in. orifice

d2 =
C=
b=

77.9
0.87
0.71

mm
-

internal diameter (ID) of 3-in. Sch 40 pipe


discharge coefficient for orifice (guessed value)
ratio between orifice ID and pipe ID

water =

999

kg/m3

density of water at 60oF

0.876
0.87
869.13

kg/m3

specific gravity of oil at 60oF w.r.t. water at 60oF


specific gravity of oil at actual temperature w.r.t. water at 60oF

cP

viscosity of oil at actual temperature


flow rate of oil
Reynolds' number based on pipe ID, d2

Soil (60/60) =
Soil =
oil =
moil =

38

Q=

314.7

Lpm

Re =

1961

density of oil at actual temperature

Discharge coefficient diagram, A-20, from Crane 410

C (trial 1) = 0.9
C (trial 2) = 0.87

Example 4-25 (18th printing)


(Added by Yue Meng Yi Clarence, May 2011)
Given: A rectangular concrete overflow aqueduct, 25 feet high and 16.5 feet wide, has an absolute
roughness (e) of 0.01 foot. Refer to the sketch below.
Find: The discharge rate in cubic feet per second when the liquid in the reservoir has reached the
maximum height indicated in the sketch below. Assume the average water temperature is 60 oF.
Solution:
Schematic
Width = 16.5 ft, Height = 25 ft

200 ft

Grade Level

1000 ft

Equations used as per Crane 410


American Units Equations

v 2 fL

v 2 fL

K
K entrance K exit
2 g 4 RH
2 g 4 RH

hL
v

q
A

q 0.0438d 2
q 8.05 A

hL

K entrance K exit fL / 4 R H
hL

K entrance K exit fL / 4 R H

RH

cross section area


A

wetted perimeter
Pw

Re

473q
mR H

Chen's equation (1991)

e / D 5.02
e / D 6.7 0.9

log 10


4 log 10
Re
3.7
3.7 Re

q(guess) =

30691

ft3/s

assumed flow rate from aqueduct

A=
Pw =

412.5
83

ft2
ft

cross section area of aqueduct


wetted perimeter of aqueduct

water =

62.4

lbm/ft3

density of water at 60oF

mwater =

1.1

cP

viscosity of water at 60oF

Kentrance =

0.5

loss coefficient for sharp-edged entrance

Kexit =
L=
e=
hL

1.0
1000
0.01
200

ft
ft
ft

loss coefficient for sharp-edged exit to atm.


length of duct
absolute roughness of aqueduct
static head

RH =

4.97

ft

DH =

19.88

ft

equivalent hydraulic radius


equivalent hydraulic diameter = 4*RH

Re(guess) = 1.66E+08 e/DH = 0.00050 f = 0.0167 q(calc) =

30691

Reynolds number based on assumed flow rate


relative roughness
Darcy friction factor, using Chen's approximation

ft3/s

error = 3.87E-07 -

squared of difference in flow rates (q(calc) - q(guess))2

Example 4-25 (18th printing, SI units)


(Added by Yue Meng Yi Clarence, May 2011)
Given: A rectangular concrete overflow aqueduct, 7.6 m high and 5 m wide, has an absolute
roughness (e) of 3 mm. Refer to the sketch below.
Find: The discharge rate in cubic feet per second when the liquid in the reservoir has reached the
maximum height indicated in the sketch below. Assume the average water temperature is 15 oC.
Solution:
Schematic
Width = 5 m, Height = 7.6 m

60 m

Grade Level

300 m

Equations used as per Crane 410


SI Units Equations

hL
v

v 2 fL

v 2 fL

K
K entrance K exit
2 g 4 RH
2 g 4 RH

q
A

q 3.478 106 d 2
q 4.428 A

RH

K entrance K exit fL / 4 RH
hL

K entrance K exit fL / 4 RH

cross section area


A

wetted perimeter
Pw

Re 318.3

q
m RH

Chen's equation (1991)

hL

e / D 5.02
e / D 6.7 0.9

4
log

log

10
10
Re
3.7
3.7 Re

q(guess) =

854

m3/s
2

assumed flow rate from aqueduct

A=
Pw =

38
25.2

m
m

water =

999

kg/m3

density of water at 15oC

mwater =

1.1

cP

viscosity of water at 15oC

Kentrance =

0.5

loss coefficient for sharp-edged entrance

Kexit =
1.0
L=
300
m
e = 3.00E-03 m
hL
60
m
RH =

1.51

DH =

6.03

Re(guess) = 1.64E+08 e/DH = 0.00050 f = 0.0167 q(calc) =

854

cross section area of aqueduct


wetted perimeter of aqueduct

loss coefficient for sharp-edged exit to atm.


length of duct
absolute roughness of aqueduct
static head
equivalent hydraulic radius
equivalent hydraulic diameter = 4*RH
Reynolds number based on assumed flow rate
relative roughness
Darcy friction factor, using Chen's approximation

m3/s

error = 3.77E-23 -

squared of difference in flow rates (q(calc) - q(guess))2

Example 4-26 (18th printing)


(Added by Yue Meng Yi Clarence, June 2011)
Given: A cast iron pipe is two-thirds full of steady, uniform flowing water at 60 oF. The pipe has an inside
diameter of 24 inches and a slope of 3/4-inch per foot. Note the sketch below.
Find: The water flow rate in gallons per minute (gpm).
Solution:
Schematic

Liquid level

24" I.D.

4" h.

Triangle, A

16"
12" r.

Circular arc, B

Equations used as per Crane 410


American Units Equations
in terms of equivalent
hL D flow area, a
2
Q 19.65d
fL
RH

DH
A

4
PW

Re 1.054

Q 25.02a

hL D
fL

Q
RH m

e / D 5.02
e / D 6.7 0.9

log 10


4 log 10
Re
3.7
3.7 Re

Note: The friction factor is calculated according Chen's approximation --> user defined function, f_darcy(Re, e/D)
q(guess) =
d=
r=
h=
hL/L=
water =

24296
24
12
4
0.75
0.0625
62.4

mwater =
e=

1.1
0.0102

gpm
in.
in.
in.
in./ft
ft/ft
lbm/ft3
cP
in.

assumed water flow rate from pipe


inner pipe diameter
inner pipe radius
difference between liquid level height and inner pipe radius
hydraulic slope or head loss per unit length of pipe

cos = h/r =
=
b=

0.33
70.53
22.63

degrees
in.

angle in degrees
base of triangle A

AreaA =

45.25

in.2

area of triangle A

density of water at 60oF


viscosity of water at 60oF
absolute roughness of cast iron

AreaB =
A=

275.13
320.39
2.22

in.2
in.2
ft2

area of circular arc B


total area (AreaA + AreaB)

Pw =

45.86

in.

wetted perimeter of the pipe

RH =

in.
ft
in.
ft.
-

hydraulic radius

e/DH =
f=

6.99
0.58
27.95
2.33
2494992
0.000365
0.0158

relative roughness based on hydraulic diameter


Darcy friction factor, using Chen's approximation

q(calc) =

24296

gpm

calculated water flow rate

DH =
Re(guess) =

error = 7.72E-12 -

hydraulic diameter
Reynolds' number

squared of difference in flow rates (q(calc) - q(guess))2

Example 4-26 (18th printing)


(Added by Yue Meng Yi Clarence, June 2011)
o
Given: A cast iron pipe is two-thirds full of steady, uniform flowing water at 15 C. The pipe has an inside
diameter of 600 mm and a slope of 1 in 16. Note the sketch below.
Find: The water flow rate in litres per minute (Lpm).
Solution:
Schematic (all dimensions in mm)

Liquid level

600 I.D.

100 h.

Triangle, A

400
300 r.

Circular arc, B
Equations used as per Crane 410
SI Units Equations

Q 0.2087d

RH

in terms of equivalent
hL D flow area, a
fL

DH
A

4
PW

Q 0.2657a

Re 0.0053

hL D
fL

Q
RH m

e / D 5.02
e / D 6.7 0.9

4
log

log

10
10
Re
3.7
3.7 Re

Note: The friction factor is calculated according Chen's approximation --> user defined function, f_darcy(Re, e/D)
Other friction factor equations may lend better accuracy is some cases (Colebrook, Churchill, etc.)
q(guess) = 88166 Lpm
assumed water flow rate from pipe
d=
inner pipe diameter
mm
600
r=
inner pipe radius
mm
300
h=
difference between liquid level height and inner pipe radius
mm
100
hL/L= 0.0625 m/m
hydraulic slope or head loss per unit length of pipe
water =

kg/m3
mwater =
1.1
cP
e = 0.25908 mm

cos = h/r =
=
b=

999

0.33
70.53
565.69

degrees
mm

AreaA = 2.83E+04 mm2

density of water at 60oF


viscosity of water at 60oF
absolute roughness of cast iron

angle in degrees
base of triangle A
area of triangle A

AreaB = 1.72E+05 mm2


a = 2.00E+05 mm2
0.20
m2
Pw = 1146.38
RH = 174.67
0.17
DH = 698.69
0.70
Re(guess) = 2429533
e/DH = 0.000371
f = 0.0159
q(calc) =

88166

area of circular arc B


total area (AreaA + AreaB)

mm

wetted perimeter of the pipe

mm
m
mm
m
-

hydraulic radius

relative roughness based on hydraulic diameter


Darcy friction factor, using Chen's approximation

Lpm

calculated water flow rate

error = 2.17E-19 -

hydraulic diameter
Reynolds Number

squared of difference in flow rates (q(calc) - q(guess))2

Example 4-27 (18th printing)


(Added by Yue Meng Yi Clarence, June 2011)
Given: A steam boiler operating at 300 psia has a maximum capacity of 100,000 pounds per hour of
saturated steam.
Find: The boiler capacity in both kilo Btu per hour and in boiler horsepower.
Solution:

Capacity

Boiler capacity is given by:

Given:
W=

W hg h f

1000

lbm/hr

flow rate of steam

1202.9

Btu/lbm

enthalpy of saturated steam (vapour) at 300 psia

394.0

Btu/lbm

enthalpy of saturated water (liquid) at 300 psia

100000

From steam tables,


hg =
hf =

Capacity = 80890000 Btu/hr


80890 kBtu/hr
Boiler HP =

31.8

hp

equivalent steam boiler capacity in terms of horsepower*

*A quick note on how the conversion factor of 3.930 x 10-4 arises:


1

Btu
hr

Conversion factor = 3.930E-04

778.16

lbf*ft

hr

Btu

3600

550

hp
lbf*ft/s

Example 4-27 (18th printing)


(Added by Yue Meng Yi Clarence, June 2011)
Given: A steam boiler operating at 20 bara has a maximum capacity of 45,360 kg/hr of
saturated steam.
Find: The boiler capacity in both kJ/hr and kW.
Solution:
Boiler capacity is given by:

Given:
W=

45360

Capacity W hg h f

kg/hr

flow rate of steam

From steam tables,


hg =

2797.0

kJ/kg

enthalpy of saturated steam (vapour) at 20 bara

hf =

909.0

kJ/kg

enthalpy of saturated water (liquid) at 20 bara

Capacity = 8.56E+07 kJ/hr

Boiler Power = 2.38E+04 kW

equivalent steam boiler capacity in terms of kilowatts

Example 4-6 in the 1957 (6th printing) version


(Added by Yue Meng Yi Clarence, July-Aug 2011)
Given: A 600-pound steel in-line ball check valve is required in a 2-inch pipe line carrying 48 degree API
crude oil at 150 oF and a rate of 37 gallons per minute.
Find: The proper size check valve and the pressure drop with the valve installed in both vertical and
horizontal positions. The valve should be sized so that the disc is fully lifted under normal flow
conditions.
Solution: We shall assume that the pressure drop varies with the square of the mean velocity of the fluid
flowing through the valves / fittings

vmin 60 V

(At the time of this writing, there was no expression for a ball-type check
valve. Hence, a reasonable estimate based on the other types of check
valves suggested a value of 60 would be conservative enough for a first
approximation)

0.408 Q
d2

17.99 106 K Q 2
d4

K1 600 f T
K2

(From K Factor Table)

K1 b 0.5 1 b 2 1 b 2

b4

(From K Factor Table)

d1 (Definition of the "Beta" ratio)


d2

Class 300 and lower


Class 400 and 600
Class 900
Class 1500
Class 2500 (sizes 1/2 to 6")
Class 2500 (sizes 8" & up)

Schedule 40
Schedule 80
Schedule 120
Schedule 160
XXS
Schedule 160

Q=
water =

37
62.4

gpm
lbm/ft3

flow rate of oil


density of water at 60 oF

Soil (60/60) =
Soil =
oil =

0.876
0.75
46.80

lbm/ft3

specific gravity of oil at 60 oF w.r.t. water at 60 oF


specific gravity of oil at actual temperature w.r.t. water at 60 oF

1.1

cP

viscosity of oil at actual temperature

d1 =

1.5

in.

(for 1-1/2" Schedule 80 pipe)

d2 =

1.939

in.

(for 2" Schedule 80 pipe)

d1(A) =

0.957

in.

(for 1" Schedule 80 pipe)

fT1 =

0.021

(for fully turbulent flow in 1-1/2" pipe)

fT2 =

0.019

(for fully turbulent flow in 2" pipe)

moil =

density of oil at actual temperature

fT3 =

0.023

(for fully turbulent flow in 1" pipe)

vmin =

8.77

ft/s

minimum lift velocity

v=

6.71

ft/s

mean velocity through 1-1/2" check valve

Note that based on the estimated minimum lift velocity for the ball check valve, we have to select
a smaller check valve. On the next try, we use a 1" check valve
v=

16.48

ft/s

mean velocity through 1-1/2" check valve

Based on the above, a 1" ball check valve is to be recommended to be installed in the pipeline
using concentric reducers
b =

0.49

(this is the Beta ratio between the check valve and the pipe)

Calculating the loss coefficients:


K1 =

11.40

K2 =

48.72

P =

4.0

psi

(pressure drop of 37 gpm through the 1" check valve)

This is for the case when the ball check valve is installed horizontally

Example 4-7 in the 1957 (6th printing) version


(Added by Yue Meng Yi Clarence, July-Aug 2011)
o
Given: Bunker C fuel oil at 90 F is flowing through a wide open 5-inch, 150-pound steel gate valve at a
rate of 400 gallons per minute; the face-to-face dimension of the valve is 10 inches.

Find: The pressure drop through the valve.


Solution:
Schematic

Bunker C fuel oil

L = 10"

17.99 106 K Q 2
P
d4
K1 8 fT

(K factor for gate valve, assume that beta factor = 1.0)

K f fL / d

(K factor for straight pipe)

f 64 / Re

Re 50.6

Q
md

Class 300 and lower


Class 400 and 600
Class 900
Class 1500
Class 2500 (sizes 1/2 to 6")
Class 2500 (sizes 8" & up)

Schedule 40
Schedule 80
Schedule 120
Schedule 160
XXS
Schedule 160

Q=
water =

400
62.4

gpm
lbm/ft3

flow rate of oil


density of water at 60 oF

Soil (60/60) =
Soil =
oil =

1.014
1.01
63.02

lbm/ft3

specific gravity of oil at 60 oF w.r.t. water at 60 oF


specific gravity of oil at actual temperature w.r.t. water at 60 oF

moil =

3000

cP

viscosity of oil at actual temperature

density of oil at actual temperature

d=
5.047 in.
e = 0.0018 in.
e/d = 0.00036 fT =
0.016 L=
in.
10
ft
0.83

I.D. of 5" Schedule 40 pipe


absolute roughness of steel pipe
relative roughness ratio
(for fully turbulent flow in 5" pipe)
length of valve (assume equivalent of pipe)

Re =
f=

Reynolds number
Darcy friction factor

84.2
0.17

K=

0.128

loss coefficient for gate valve

P1 =

0.04

psi

(pressure drop of 400 gpm through the 5" gate valve)

P2 =

0.09

psi

(pressure drop of 400 gpm through the 5" valve body, as if it were
a straight length of pipe with a length of 10")

PTOTAL =

0.13

(TOTAL pressure drop of 400 gpm through the 5" pipe)

Example 4-12 in the 1957 (6th printing) version


(Added by Yue Meng Yi Clarence, July-Aug 2011)
Given: Saturated steam at 150 psig is flowing through a cylindrical pipe coil, as shown in the sketch
below, at a rate of 2,000 pounds per hour. The coil is made of 2-inch Schedule 40 steel pipe.
Find: The pressure drop from Point A to Point B.
Solution:
B

In this problem it was not stated clearly if the steam would be condensed,
but we shall be making that assumption explicitly - that the steam will
condense totally.

r = 30"
A

The complication that will arise here is that there is now two-phase flow
which is something that has not be covered at all in this workbook. It is not
our intention to attempt to use complicated equations. Instead, we shall
adopt a simplified approach that is commonly used in the industry.

3'

Following the approach by Serth , the pressure drop will be take to be half
of the pressure drop calculated based on the inlet (vapor) conditions at (A).

p = 1.5d
1. Serth, R.W., Process Heat Transfer: Principles and Applications (2007). Academic Press.

Lcoil N

Re 6.31

W
md

p2

N=6

e / D 5.02
e / D 6.7 0.9

log 10


4 log 10
Re
3.7

3.7 Re

3.36 106 fLW 2


P
d 5
W=
steam =

2000
0.36332

lb/hr
lbm/ft3

msteam = 0.015217 cP

flow rate of steam


density of sat'd steam at 150 psig
viscosity of sat'd steam at 150 psig

d=
do =
e=
e/d =

2.067
2.375
0.0018
0.00087

in.
in.
in.
-

I.D. of 2" Schedule 40 pipe


O.D. of 2" Schedule 40 pipe
absolute roughness of steel pipe
relative roughness ratio

N=
r=
p=
L1 =

6
30
3.5625
1131.2
94.3

in.
in.
in.
ft

# of turns
turning radius
pitch - distance between consecutive turns measured center to center
total pipe length required for coiling portion

L2 =

6
0.5

in.
ft

Re = 401226.71 f=
0.02

straight pipe length of coil

Reynolds' number

PVO =

1.84

psi

pressure drop calculated based on inlet conditions

Pactual =

0.92

psi

pressure drop estimated assuming total condensation

p = 1.5do

Art Montemayor

September 30, 2003


Rev: 0
Transverse Internal
("Flow") Area

U.S.A. Pipe Dimensions

Nominal Outside
Wall
Pipe
Diameter Thickness
Size
Inches
Inches
Inches

Inside Diameter Functions

Pipe Inside
Diameter
Inches

Feet

d2

d3

(in Inches)
d4

d5

in2

Commercial Wrought Steel Pipe Data

14

14

0.250

13.500 1.1250

182.25

2,460.4

33,215.1

448,403.3

143.14

16

16

0.250

15.500 1.2917

240.25

3,723.9

57,720.1

894,661.0

188.69

Although pipe classifica


found that young engine
engineers are both guilty
0.994 fitting catalogs like Vog
1.310 catalogs have become a

18

18

0.250

17.500 1.4583

306.25

5,359.4

93,789.1

1,641,308.6

240.53

1.670

20

20

0.250

19.500 1.6250

380.25

7,414.9

144,590.1

2,819,506.2

298.65

2.074 Because I regard this su

24
30

24
30

0.250
0.312

23.500 1.9583
29.376 2.4480

552.25
862.95

12,977.9
25,350.0

304,980.1 7,167,031.5
744,681.6 21,875,767.4

433.74
677.76

3.012 the following explanatio


4.707 it with any one else who

Schedule 20

Schedule 10

Schedule Wall Thickness - Per ASA B36.10 - 1950

Schedule 30

ft2

8.625

0.250

8.125 0.6771

66.02

536.4

4,358.1

35,409.3

51.85

0.360 Industrial pipe thickness

10

10.750

0.250

10.250 0.8542

105.06

1,076.9

11,038.1

113,140.8

82.52

0.573 American Standards As

12

12.750

0.250

12.250 1.0208

150.06

1,838.3

22,518.8

275,854.7

117.86

0.818 Eleven schedule numbe

14

14

0.312

13.376 1.1147

178.92

2,393.2

32,011.4

428,184.9

140.52

0.976 schedule, by far, is 40.

16
18
20

16
18
20

0.312
0.312
0.375

15.376 1.2813
17.376 1.4480
19.250 1.6042

236.42
301.93
370.56

3,635.2
5,246.3
7,133.3

55,895.1
91,158.9
137,316.6

859,442.6
1,583,977.6
2,643,343.9

185.68
237.13
291.04

1.289 as a practicing engineer


1.647
2.021

24
30

24
30

0.375
0.500

23.250 1.9375
29.000 2.4167

540.56
841.00

12,568.1
24,389.0

292,207.8 6,793,831.7
707,281.0 20,511,149.0

424.56
660.52

2.948 Where,
4.587

8
10

8.625
10.750

0.277
0.307

8.071 0.6726
10.136 0.8447

65.14
102.74

525.8
1,041.4

4,243.4
10,555.2

34,248.1
106,987.5

51.16
80.69

0.355
0.560 For example, the schedu

12
14
16
18
20

12.750
14
16
18
20

0.330
0.375
0.375
0.438
0.500

12.090
13.250
15.250
17.124
19.000

1.0075
1.1042
1.2708
1.4270
1.5833

146.17
175.56
232.56
293.23
361.00

1,767.2
2,326.2
3,546.6
5,021.3
6,859.0

21,365.1
30,822.2
54,085.3
85,984.6
130,321.0

258,304.2
408,394.0
824,801.1
1,472,401.0
2,476,099.0

114.80
137.89
182.65
230.30
283.53

0.797 working pressure of 350


0.958
1.268
1.599
1.969 This would be the prope

24
30

24
30

0.562
0.625

22.876 1.9063
28.750 2.3958

523.31
826.56

11,971.3
23,763.7

273,854.8 6,264,702.3
683,205.6 19,642,160.0

411.01
649.18

2.854 or malleable-iron fitting


4.508 computed value) for iron

1/8
1/4

0.405
0.540

0.068
0.088

0.269 0.0224
0.364 0.0303

0.07
0.13

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.06
0.10

0.000
0.001 For all pipe sizes below

3/8

0.675

0.091

0.493 0.0411

0.24

0.1

0.1

0.0

0.19

0.001 identical with the forme

1/2
3/4
1

0.840
1.050
1.315

0.109
0.113
0.133

0.622 0.0518
0.824 0.0687
1.049 0.0874

0.39
0.68
1.10

0.2
0.6
1.2

0.1
0.5
1.2

0.1
0.4
1.3

0.30
0.53
0.86

0.002 pipe, and Sch 160 is the


0.004
0.006 Temperature has no dire

1 1/4

1.660

0.140

1.380 0.1150

1.90

2.6

3.6

5.0

1.50

0.010 allowable stress. Stainle

1 1/2

1.900

0.145

1.610 0.1342

2.59

4.2

6.7

10.8

2.04

0.014 temperatures near the cr

2
2 1/2
3

2.375
2.875
3.500

0.154
0.203
0.216

2.067 0.1723
2.469 0.2058
3.068 0.2557

4.27
6.10
9.41

8.8
15.1
28.9

18.3
37.2
88.6

37.7
91.7
271.8

3.36
4.79
7.39

0.023 I've used the rule of thum


0.033
0.051 I hope this has helped yo

3 1/2

4.000

0.226

3.548 0.2957

12.59

44.7

158.5

562.2

9.89

0.069

4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

4.500
5.563
6.625
8.625
10.750
12.750
14
16
18
20
24

0.237
0.258
0.280
0.322
0.365
0.406
0.438
0.500
0.562
0.593
0.687

16.21
25.47
36.78
63.70
100.40
142.52
172.24
225.00
284.80
353.97
511.94

65.3
128.6
223.1
508.4
1,006.0
1,701.4
2,260.5
3,375.0
4,806.3
6,659.5
11,583.1

262.7
648.8
1,353.1
4,057.2
10,080.2
20,310.8
29,666.4
50,625.0
81,110.7
125,292.4
262,078.3

1,057.7
3,274.7
8,206.4
32,380.7
101,004.0
242,469.9
389,341.9
759,375.0
1,368,823.9
2,357,250.3
5,929,784.5

12.73
20.01
28.89
50.03
78.85
111.93
135.28
176.71
223.68
278.00
402.07

Schedule 40

metal lost in cutting the

4.026
5.047
6.065
7.981
10.020
11.938
13.124
15.000
16.876
18.814
22.626

0.3355
0.4206
0.5054
0.6651
0.8350
0.9948
1.0937
1.2500
1.4063
1.5678
1.8855

Page 82 of 277

0.088 Art Montemayor


0.139
0.201
0.347
0.548
0.777
0.939
1.227
1.553
1.931
2.792

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Pipe Tables

8.625
10.750

0.406
0.500

7.813 0.6511
9.750 0.8125

61.04
95.06

476.9
926.9

3,726.2
9,036.9

29,113.1
88,109.6

47.94
74.66

12

12.750

0.562

11.626 0.9688

135.16

1,571.4

18,269.3

212,398.6

106.16

0.737

14
16
18
20
24

14
16
18
20
24

0.593
0.656
0.750
0.812
0.968

12.814
14.688
16.500
18.376
22.064

1.0678
1.2240
1.3750
1.5313
1.8387

164.20
215.74
272.25
337.68
486.82

2,104.0
3,168.8
4,492.1
6,205.2
10,741.2

26,961.2
46,542.6
74,120.1
114,026.0
236,993.8

345,480.5
683,617.7
1,222,981.0
2,095,342.0
5,229,031.3

128.96
169.44
213.82
265.21
382.35

0.896
1.177
1.485
1.842
2.655

1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

0.405
0.540
0.675
0.840
1.050
1.315
1.660
1.900
2.375
2.875
3.500
4.000
4.500
5.563
6.625
8.625
10.750
12.750
14
16
18
20
24

0.095
0.119
0.126
0.147
0.154
0.179
0.191
0.200
0.218
0.276
0.300
0.318
0.337
0.375
0.432
0.500
0.593
0.687
0.750
0.843
0.937
1.031
1.218

0.215
0.302
0.423
0.546
0.742
0.957
1.278
1.500
1.939
2.323
2.900
3.364
3.826
4.813
5.761
7.625
9.564
11.376
12.500
14.314
16.126
17.938
21.564

0.0179
0.0252
0.0353
0.0455
0.0618
0.0798
0.1065
0.1250
0.1616
0.1936
0.2417
0.2803
0.3188
0.4011
0.4801
0.6354
0.7970
0.9480
1.0417
1.1928
1.3438
1.4948
1.7970

0.0462
0.0912
0.1789
0.2981
0.5506
0.9158
1.6333
2.2500
3.7597
5.3963
8.4100
11.32
14.64
23.16
33.19
58.14
91.47
129.41
156.25
204.89
260.05
321.77
465.01

0.0099
0.0275
0.0757
0.1628
0.4085
0.8765
2.0873
3.3750
7.2901
12.5357
24.3890
38.069
56.0
111.5
191.2
443.3
874.8
1,472.2
1,953.1
2,932.8
4,193.5
5,771.9
10,027.4

0.0021
0.0083
0.0320
0.0889
0.3031
0.8388
2.6676
5.0625
14.1355
29.1204
70.7281
128.1
214.3
536.6
1,101.5
3,380.3
8,366.8
16,747.8
24,414.1
41,980.2
67,624.9
103,537.1
216,230.7

0.0005
0.0025
0.0135
0.0485
0.2249
0.8027
3.4092
7.5938
27.4087
67.6466
205.1115
430.8
819.8
2,582.7
6,345.8
25,775.0
80,019.9
190,523.2
305,175.8
600,904.0
1,090,519.1
1,857,248.9
4,662,798.2

0.036
0.072
0.141
0.234
0.432
0.719
1.283
1.767
2.953
4.238
6.605
8.888
11.497
18.194
26.07
45.66
71.84
101.64
122.72
160.92
204.24
252.72
365.21

0.0003
0.0005
0.0010
0.0016
0.0030
0.0050
0.0089
0.0123
0.0205
0.0294
0.0459
0.0617
0.0798
0.1263
0.1810
0.3171
0.4989
0.7058
0.8522
1.118
1.418
1.755
2.536

8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

8.625
10.750
12.750
14
16
18
20
24

0.593
0.718
0.843
0.937
1.031
1.156
1.281
1.531

7.439
9.314
11.064
12.126
13.938
15.688
17.438
20.938

0.6199
0.7762
0.922
1.0105
1.1615
1.3073
1.4532
1.7448

55.34
86.7506
122.4121
147.0399
194.2678
246.1133
304.0838
438.3998

411.7
807.9951
1354.367
1783.006
2707.705
3861.026
5302.614
9179.216

3,062.4
7525.6659
14984.721
21620.725
37739.995
60571.778
92466.984
192194.42

22,781.0
70094.05225
165790.9559
262172.913
526020.0533
950250.0548
1612439.27
4024166.833

43.46
68.13376
96.14224
115.4848
152.5776
193.297
238.8269
344.3184

0.302
0.473151
0.667654
0.801978
1.059567
1.34234
1.65852
2.3911

4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

4.500
5.563
6.625
8.625
10.750
12.750
14
16
18
20
24

0.438
0.500
0.562
0.718
0.843
1.000
1.093
1.218
1.375
1.500
1.812

3.624
4.563
5.501
7.189
9.064
10.750
11.814
13.564
15.250
17.000
20.376

0.3020
0.3803
0.4584
0.5991
0.7553
0.8958
0.9845
1.1303
1.2708
1.4167
1.6980

13.13
20.82
30.26
51.68
82.16
115.56
139.57
183.98
232.56
289.00
415.18

47.6
95.0
166.5
371.5
744.7
1,242.3
1,648.9
2,495.5
3,546.6
4,913.0
8,459.7

172.5
433.5
915.7
2,671.0
6,749.6
13,354.7
19,480.0
33,849.4
54,085.3
83,521.0
172,375.6

625.1
1,978.1
5,037.4
19,201.8
61,178.6
143,562.9
230,136.1
459,133.4
824,801.1
1,419,857.0
3,512,324.7

10.31
16.35
23.77
40.59
64.53
90.76
109.62
144.50
182.65
226.98
326.08

0.072
0.114
0.165
0.282
0.448
0.630
0.761
1.003
1.268
1.576
2.264

Schedule 60

8
10

Schedule 80

September 30, 2003


Rev: 0
0.333
0.518

Schedule 100

U.S.A. Pipe Dimensions

Schedule 120

Art Montemayor

Page 83 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Pipe Tables

September 30, 2003


Rev: 0
0.267
0.418
0.601
0.721
0.939
1.207
1.485
2.155

Schedule 140

U.S.A. Pipe Dimensions

8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

8.625
10.750
12.750
14
16
18
20
24

0.812
1.000
1.125
1.250
1.438
1.562
1.750
2.062

7.001
8.750
10.500
11.500
13.124
14.876
16.500
19.876

0.5834
0.7292
0.8750
0.9583
1.0937
1.2397
1.3750
1.6563

49.01
76.56
110.25
132.25
172.24
221.30
272.25
395.06

343.1
669.9
1,157.6
1,520.9
2,260.5
3,292.0
4,492.1
7,852.1

2,402.4
5,861.8
12,155.1
17,490.1
29,666.4
48,971.6
74,120.1
156,068.8

16,819.0
51,290.9
127,628.2
201,135.7
389,341.9
728,502.2
1,222,981.0
3,102,022.5

38.50
60.13
86.59
103.87
135.28
173.80
213.82
310.28

Schedule 160

Art Montemayor

1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

0.840
1.050
1.315
1.660
1.900
2.375
2.875
3.500
4.500
5.563
6.625
8.625
10.750
12.750
14
16
18
20
24

0.187
0.218
0.250
0.250
0.281
0.343
0.375
0.438
0.531
0.625
0.718
0.906
1.125
1.312
1.406
1.593
1.781
1.968
2.343

0.466
0.614
0.815
1.160
1.338
1.689
2.125
2.624
3.438
4.313
5.189
6.813
8.500
10.126
11.188
12.814
14.438
16.064
19.314

0.0388
0.0512
0.0679
0.0967
0.1115
0.1408
0.1771
0.2187
0.2865
0.3594
0.4324
0.5678
0.7083
0.8438
0.9323
1.0678
1.2032
1.3387
1.6095

0.22
0.38
0.66
1.35
1.79
2.85
4.52
6.89
11.82
18.60
26.93
46.42
72.25
102.54
125.17
164.20
208.46
258.05
373.03

0.1
0.2
0.5
1.6
2.4
4.8
9.6
18.1
40.6
80.2
139.7
316.2
614.1
1,038.3
1,400.4
2,104.0
3,009.7
4,145.3
7,204.7

0.0
0.1
0.4
1.8
3.2
8.1
20.4
47.4
139.7
346.0
725.0
2,154.5
5,220.1
10,513.6
15,667.9
26,961.2
43,453.8
66,590.9
139,151.8

0.0
0.1
0.4
2.1
4.3
13.7
43.3
124.4
480.3
1,492.4
3,762.0
14,678.8
44,370.5
106,460.8
175,292.1
345,480.5
627,386.5
1,069,716.0
2,687,578.4

0.17
0.30
0.52
1.06
1.41
2.24
3.55
5.41
9.28
14.61
21.15
36.46
56.75
80.53
98.31
128.96
163.72
202.67
292.98

0.001
0.002
0.004
0.007
0.010
0.016
0.025
0.038
0.064
0.101
0.147
0.253
0.394
0.559
0.683
0.896
1.137
1.407
2.035

0.0014
0.0064
0.0291
0.0931
0.3799
1.270
5.005
10.818
37.731
91.750
271.8
562.2
1,057.7
3,274.7
8,206.4
34,248.1
32,380.7
109,975.8
106,987.5
101,004.0
258,304.2
248,832.0

0.0568
0.1041
0.1909
0.3039
0.5333
0.864
1.496
2.036
3.356
4.788
7.393
9.887
12.730
20.006
28.890
51.162
50.027
81.585
80.691
78.854
114.80
113.10

0.0004
0.0007
0.0013
0.0021
0.0037
0.0060
0.0104
0.0141
0.0233
0.0332
0.0513
0.0687
0.0884
0.1389
0.2006
0.3553
0.3474
0.5666
0.5604
0.5476
0.7972
0.7854

Standard Wall Pipe (Similar to Schedule 40)


1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12

0.405
0.540
0.675
0.840
1.050
1.315
1.660
1.900
2.375
2.875
3.500
4.000
4.500
5.563
6.625
8.625
8.625S
10.75
10.75
10.75S
12.75
12.75S

0.068
0.088
0.091
0.109
0.113
0.133
0.140
0.145
0.154
0.203
0.216
0.226
0.237
0.258
0.280
0.277
0.322
0.279
0.307
0.365
0.330
0.375

0.269
0.364
0.493
0.622
0.824
1.049
1.380
1.610
2.067
2.469
3.068
3.548
4.026
5.047
6.065
8.071
7.981
10.192
10.136
10.020
12.090
12.000

0.0224
0.0303
0.0411
0.0518
0.0687
0.0874
0.1150
0.1342
0.1723
0.2058
0.2557
0.2957
0.3355
0.4206
0.5054
0.6726
0.6651
0.8493
0.8447
0.8350
1.0075
1.0000

0.0724
0.1325
0.2430
0.3869
0.6790
1.100
1.904
2.592
4.272
6.096
9.41
12.59
16.21
25.47
36.78
65.14
63.70
103.88
102.74
100.40
146.17
144.00

0.0195
0.0482
0.1198
0.2406
0.5595
1.154
2.628
4.173
8.831
15.051
28.9
44.7
65.3
128.6
223.1
525.8
508.4
1,058.7
1,041.4
1,006.0
1,767.2
1,728.0

Page 84 of 277

0.0052
0.0176
0.0591
0.1497
0.4610
1.211
3.627
6.719
18.254
37.161
88.6
158.5
262.7
648.8
1,353.1
4,243.4
4,057.2
10,790.4
10,555.2
10,080.2
21,365.1
20,736.0

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Pipe Tables

Art Montemayor

September 30, 2003


Rev: 0

U.S.A. Pipe Dimensions

Extra Strong Wall Pipe (Similar to Schedule 80)


1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12

0.405
0.540
0.675
0.840
1.050
1.315
1.660
1.900
2.375
2.875
3.500
4.000
4.500
5.563
6.625
8.625
10.75
12.75

0.095
0.119
0.126
0.147
0.154
0.179
0.191
0.200
0.218
0.276
0.300
0.318
0.337
0.375
0.432
0.500
0.500
0.500

0.215
0.302
0.423
0.546
0.742
0.957
1.278
1.500
1.939
2.323
2.900
3.364
3.826
4.813
5.761
7.625
9.750
11.750

0.0179
0.0252
0.0353
0.0455
0.0618
0.0798
0.1065
0.1250
0.1616
0.1936
0.2417
0.2803
0.3188
0.4011
0.4801
0.6354
0.8125
0.9792

0.0462
0.0912
0.1789
0.2981
0.5506
0.916
1.633
2.250
3.760
5.396
8.41
11.32
14.64
23.16
33.19
58.14
95.06
138.06

0.0099
0.0275
0.0757
0.1628
0.4085
0.876
2.087
3.375
7.290
12.536
24.4
38.1
56.0
111.5
191.2
443.3
926.9
1,622.2

0.0021
0.0083
0.0320
0.0889
0.3031
0.839
2.668
5.063
14.136
29.120
70.7
128.1
214.3
536.6
1,101.5
3,380.3
9,036.9
19,061.3

0.0005
0.0025
0.0135
0.0485
0.2249
0.803
3.409
7.594
27.409
67.647
205.1
430.8
819.8
2,582.7
6,345.8
25,775.0
88,109.6
223,969.7

0.0363
0.0716
0.1405
0.2341
0.4324
0.719
1.283
1.767
2.953
4.238
6.605
8.888
11.497
18.194
26.067
45.664
74.662
108.43

0.0003
0.0005
0.0010
0.0016
0.0030
0.0050
0.0089
0.0123
0.0205
0.0294
0.0459
0.0617
0.0798
0.1263
0.1810
0.3171
0.5185
0.7530

0.0010
0.0154
0.077
0.577
1.611
7.670
17.422
64.4
151.1
311.1
1,107.2
2,816.1
15,359.0

0.0499
0.1479
0.282
0.631
0.950
1.774
2.463
4.155
5.845
7.803
12.965
18.834
37.122

0.0003
0.0010
0.0020
0.0044
0.0066
0.0123
0.0171
0.0289
0.0406
0.0542
0.0900
0.1308
0.2578

0.1804
0.6591
2.337
8.384
17.373
57.027
145.897
411.9
828.4
1,529.1
4,362.5
10,796.3
41,995.7
126,537.9
297,682.1

0.3959
0.6648
1.103
1.839
2.461
3.958
5.764
8.730
11.545
14.753
22.438
32.240
55.510
86.294
121.50

0.0027
0.0046
0.0077
0.0128
0.0171
0.0275
0.0400
0.0606
0.0802
0.1024
0.1558
0.2239
0.3855
0.5993
0.8438

Double Extra Strong Wall Pipe (Similar to Schedules > 80)


1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8

0.840
1.050
1.315
1.660
1.900
2.375
2.875
3.500
4.000
4.500
5.563
6.625
8.625

0.294
0.308
0.358
0.382
0.400
0.436
0.552
0.600
0.636
0.674
0.750
0.864
0.875

0.252
0.434
0.599
0.896
1.100
1.503
1.771
2.300
2.728
3.152
4.063
4.897
6.875

0.0210
0.0362
0.0499
0.0747
0.0917
0.1253
0.1476
0.1917
0.2273
0.2627
0.3386
0.4081
0.5729

0.0635
0.1884
0.359
0.803
1.210
2.259
3.136
5.29
7.44
9.94
16.51
23.98
47.27

0.0160
0.0817
0.215
0.719
1.331
3.395
5.555
12.2
20.3
31.3
67.1
117.4
325.0

0.0040
0.0355
0.129
0.645
1.464
5.103
9.837
28.0
55.4
98.7
272.5
575.1
2,234.0

Stainless Steel Pipe (Schedule 5S)


1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12

0.840
1.050
1.315
1.660
1.900
2.375
2.875
3.500
4.000
4.500
5.563
6.625
8.625
10.75
12.75

0.065
0.065
0.065
0.065
0.065
0.065
0.083
0.083
0.083
0.083
0.109
0.109
0.109
0.134
0.156

0.710
0.920
1.185
1.530
1.770
2.245
2.709
3.334
3.834
4.334
5.345
6.407
8.407
10.482
12.438

0.0592
0.0767
0.0988
0.1275
0.1475
0.1871
0.2258
0.2778
0.3195
0.3612
0.4454
0.5339
0.7006
0.8735
1.0365

0.5041
0.8464
1.404
2.341
3.133
5.040
7.339
11.12
14.70
18.78
28.57
41.05
70.68
109.87
154.70

0.3579
0.7787
1.664
3.582
5.545
11.315
19.880
37.1
56.4
81.4
152.7
263.0
594.2
1,151.7
1,924.2

Page 85 of 277

0.2541
0.7164
1.972
5.480
9.815
25.402
53.856
123.6
216.1
352.8
816.2
1,685.1
4,995.3
12,071.9
23,933.3

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Pipe Tables

Art Montemayor

September 30, 2003


Rev: 0

U.S.A. Pipe Dimensions

Stainless Steel Pipe (Schedule 10S)


1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12

0.405
0.540
0.675
0.840
1.050
1.315
1.660
1.900
2.375
2.875
3.500
4.000
4.500
5.563
6.625
8.625
10.75
12.75

0.049
0.065
0.065
0.083
0.083
0.109
0.109
0.109
0.109
0.120
0.120
0.120
0.120
0.134
0.134
0.148
0.165
0.180

0.307
0.410
0.545
0.674
0.884
1.097
1.442
1.682
2.157
2.635
3.260
3.760
4.260
5.295
6.357
8.329
10.420
12.390

0.0256
0.0342
0.0454
0.0562
0.0737
0.0914
0.1202
0.1402
0.1798
0.2196
0.2717
0.3133
0.3550
0.4413
0.5298
0.6941
0.8683
1.0325

0.0942
0.1681
0.2970
0.4543
0.7815
1.203
2.079
2.829
4.653
6.943
10.63
14.14
18.15
28.04
40.41
69.37
108.58
153.51

0.0289
0.0689
0.1619
0.3062
0.6908
1.320
2.998
4.759
10.036
18.295
34.6
53.2
77.3
148.5
256.9
577.8
1,131.4
1,902.0

0.0089
0.0283
0.0882
0.2064
0.6107
1.448
4.324
8.004
21.647
48.208
112.9
199.9
329.3
786.1
1,633.1
4,812.5
11,788.8
23,566.0

0.0027
0.0116
0.0481
0.1391
0.5398
1.589
6.235
13.463
46.693
127.029
368.2
751.5
1,403.0
4,162.3
10,381.5
40,083.4
122,839.7
291,982.3

0.0740
0.1320
0.2333
0.3568
0.6138
0.945
1.633
2.222
3.654
5.453
8.347
11.104
14.253
22.020
31.739
54.485
85.276
120.57

0.0005
0.0009
0.0016
0.0025
0.0043
0.0066
0.0113
0.0154
0.0254
0.0379
0.0580
0.0771
0.0990
0.1529
0.2204
0.3784
0.5922
0.8373

Note:
Stainless Steel Pipe Schedule 40S values are the same, size for size, as those shown above on the
Standard Wall Pipe Table (heaviest weight on 8, 10, and 12-inch sizes).
Stainless Steel Pipe Schedule 80S values are the same, size for size, as those shown above on the
Extra Strong Pipe Table.

Page 86 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Pipe Tables

Art Montemayor

September 30, 2003


Rev: 0

U.S.A. Pipe Dimensions

May 8, 2003

Although pipe classification is common knowledge that is taken for granted among a lot of us old engineers, I have
found that young engineers are lacking this information because both academic professors and we experienced
engineers are both guilty of not passing on the information which used to be common and available when piping and
fitting catalogs like Vogt, Tube Turns, Walworth, etc. used to be freely available to us. Now, these valuable free
catalogs have become a thing of the past
Because I regard this subject as very basic and important for all engineers to dominate, some years back I prepared
the following explanation for young engineers working under me and with me in plant projects. I would like to share
it with any one else who hasn't had the opportunity to find out this logical explanation of how pipe is classified.
Industrial pipe thicknesses follow a set formula, expressed as the schedule number as established by the
American Standards Association (ASA) now re-organized as ANSI - the American National Standards Institute.
Eleven schedule numbers are available for use: 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 140, & 160. The most popular
schedule, by far, is 40. Sch 5, 60, 100, 120, & 140 have rarely, if ever been employed by myself in over 40 years
as a practicing engineer. The schedule number is defined as the approximate value of the expression:
Schedule Number = (1,000)(P/S)
P = the internal working pressure, psig
S = the allowable stress (psi) for the material of construction at the conditions of use.
For example, the schedule number of ordinary steel pipe having an allowable stress of 10,000 psi for use at a
working pressure of 350 psig would be:
Schedule Number = (1,000)(350/10,000) = 35 (approx. 40)
This would be the proper schedule for welded joints and steel fittings but not for threaded connections and cast-iron
or malleable-iron fittings. In practice, schedule 40 would be used for welded construction and Sch 80 (about 2x the
computed value) for iron fittings. The higher schedule is required because of weaknesses in the iron fittings and the
metal lost in cutting the threads.
For all pipe sizes below 10", Sch 40 pipe is identical with what was once called standard pipe, and Sch 80 is
identical with the former extra-strong pipe. There is no equivalent schedule number for double-extra-strong
pipe, and Sch 160 is the only other weight in which pipe smaller than 4" is available.
Temperature has no direct bearing on the schedule, except as it either weakens (or strengthens) the material's
allowable stress. Stainless steels (304ELC & 316ELC), for example, yield a stronger allowable stress at the low
temperatures near the cryogenic zone (-50 to -150 oF). Copper and Brass also exhibit the same behavior.
I've used the rule of thumb that the softer the metal, the stronger it is at the lower temperatures.
I hope this has helped you in explaining how pipe is classified.
Art Montemayor

Page 87 of 277

FileName: 133601411.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Pipe Tables

Nominal Pipe Size:

1/8 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
I. D. =
0.2690 inches
(e/D) = 0.006690
Water Flowrate
hf, ft per
V2/2g
V
ft/sec
CFS
GPM
100'
pipe
ft
0.0000446
0.02
0.113
0.00020
0.272
0.0000891
0.04
0.226
0.00079
0.543
0.0001114
0.05
0.282
0.00124
0.0001337
0.06
0.339
0.00178
0.815
0.0001782
0.08
0.452
0.00317
1.087
0.0002228
0.10
0.565
0.00495
1.359
0.677
0.00713
1.630
0.790
0.00971
1.902
0.903
0.01268
2.174
1.016
0.01605
2.445
1.129
0.01981
2.717
Transition To Turbulent Flow
1.411
0.03096
1.694
0.04458
9.7
2.258
0.07925
16.2
2.823
0.12383
24.2
3.387
0.17832
33.8
3.952
0.24271
44.8

1/4 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
I. D. =
0.3640 inches
(e/D) = 0.004950
hf, ft per
V2/2g
V
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft
0.062
0.00006
0.123
0.00024
0.154
0.00037
0.203
0.185
0.00053
0.247
0.00095
0.308
0.00148
0.405

0.0002674
0.0003119
0.0003565
0.0004010
0.0004456

0.12
0.14
0.16
0.18
0.20

0.370
0.432
0.493
0.555
0.617

0.00213
0.00290
0.00378
0.00479
0.00591

0.000557
0.000668
0.000891
0.00111
0.00134
0.00156

0.25
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7

0.00178
0.00201
0.00223
0.00267
0.00312

0.8
0.9
1.0
1.2
1.4

4.516
5.081
5.645
6.774
7.903

0.31701
0.40121
0.49533
0.71327
0.97084

57.4
71.6
87.0
122
164

2.466
2.775
3.083
3.700
4.316

0.09455
0.11967
0.14774
0.21274
0.28957

12.7

0.00356
0.00401
0.00446
0.00557
0.00668

1.6
1.8
2.0
2.5
3.0

9.032
10.162
11.291

1.26804
1.60486
1.98130

212
265
324

4.933
5.550
6.166
7.708
9.249

0.37821
0.47867
0.59096
0.92337
1.32965

45.2
56.4
69.0
105
148

0.0078
0.0089
0.0100
0.0111
0.0123

3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5

10.791
12.332
13.874
15.416

1.80980
2.36382
2.99171
3.69347

200
259
326
398

0.0134
0.0145
0.0156
0.0167
0.0178

6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0

0.0189
0.0201
0.0212

8.5
9.0
9.5

0.810

0.771
0.00923
1.013
Transition To Turbulent Flow
1.233
0.02364
3.7
1.542
0.03693
1.850
0.05319
7.6
2.158
0.07239

19.1
26.7
35.3

0.0223
0.0245

10
11

0.0267
0.0290
0.0312
0.0334
0.0356

12
13
14
15
16

0.0379
0.0401
0.0423
0.0446
0.0490

17
18
19
20
22

0.0535
0.0579
0.0624
0.0668
0.0713

24
26
28
30
32

0.0758
0.0802
0.0847
0.0891
0.0936

34
36
38
40
42

0.0980
0.1025
0.1069
0.1114
0.123

44
46
48
50
55

0.134
0.145
0.156
0.167
0.178

60
65
70
75
80

0.189
0.201
0.212
0.223
0.245

85
90
95
100
110

0.267
0.290
0.312
0.334
0.356

120
130
140
150
160

0.379
0.401
0.423
0.446

170
180
190
200

0.490

220

0.535
0.579
0.624
0.668
0.780

240
260
280
300
350

0.891
1.003
1.114
1.23
1.34

400
450
500
550
600

1.45
1.56
1.67
1.78
1.89

650
700
750
800
850

2.01
2.12
2.23
2.45
2.67

900
950
1,000
1,100
1,200

2.90
3.12
3.34
3.56
3.79

1,300
1,400
1,500
1,600
1,700

4.01
4.23
4.46
4.68
4.90

1,800
1,900
2,000
2,100
2,200

5.12
5.35
5.57
5.79
6.02

2,300
2,400
2,500
2,600
2,700

6.24
6.46
6.68
6.91
7.13

2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
3,200

7.35
7.58
7.80
8.02
8.24

3,300
3,400
3,500
3,600
3,700

8.47
8.69
8.91
9.13
9.36

3,800
3,900
4,000
4,100
4,200

9.58
9.80
10.03
10.25
10.47

4,300
4,400
4,500
4,600
4,700

10.69
10.92
11.14
12.3
13.4

4,800
4,900
5,000
5,500
6,000

14.5
15.6
16.7
17.8
18.9

6,500
7,000
7,500
8,000
8,500

20.1
21.2
22.3
24.5
26.7

9,000
9,500
10,000
11,000
12,000

29.0
31.2
33.4
35.6
37.9

13,000
14,000
15,000
16,000
17,000

40.1
42.3
44.6
49.0
53.5

18,000
19,000
20,000
22,000
24,000

57.9
62.4
66.8
71.3
75.8

26,000
28,000
30,000
32,000
34,000

80.2
84.7
89.1
93.6
98.0

36,000
38,000
40,000
42,000
44,000

102.5
106.9
111.4
123
134

46,000
48,000
50,000
55,000
60,000

145
156
167
178
189

65,000
70,000
75,000
80,000
85,000

201
212
223
245
267

90,000
95,000
100,000
110,000
120,000

290
312
334
356
379

130,000
140,000
150,000
160,000
170,000

401
423
446
468
490

180,000
190,000
200,000
210,000
220,000

512
535
557
668
780

230,000
240,000
250,000
300,000
350,000

891
1,003
1,114
1,225
1,337

400,000
450,000
500,000
550,000
600,000

1,448
1,560
1,671
1,782
1,894

650,000
700,000
750,000
800,000
850,000

2,005 900,000
2,117 950,000
2,228 1,000,000

Basic Data:

Re =

10,468

Re =

7,736

Water is at 60 oF
Density, lb/ft3

f =
62.371

hL =

0.04
88.4 ft water

Viscosity, cP
1.1211
e, feet = 0.00015 For Laminar Flow:
Pipe is clean & new
V =
1.079 ft/sec
(or Less)
Pipe length,ft=
100
For Critical Zone Flow:
V =
2.157 ft/sec
(or
Less)
dv

Re 123.9

where,
d pipe ID , inches
v velocity, ft / sec

density , lb / ft 3
m vis cos ity, cP

f =
hL =

0.04
19.5 ft water

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.797 ft/sec
(or Less)
For Critical Zone Flow:
V =
1.594 ft/sec
(or Less)

3/8 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
I. D. =
0.4930 inches
(e/D) = 0.003650
hf, ft per
V2/2g
V
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft
0.034
0.00002
0.067
0.00007
0.084
0.00011
0.101
0.00016
0.134
0.00028
0.168
0.00044
0.202
0.235
0.269
0.303
0.336

0.00063
0.00086
0.00112
0.00142
0.00176

0.420
0.504
0.672
0.840
1.01
1.18

0.00274
0.00395
0.00702
0.01098
0.01581
0.02151

1.34
1.51
1.68
2.02
2.35

0.02810
0.03556
0.04390
0.06322
0.08605

2.69
3.03
3.36
4.20
5.04

0.11240
0.14225
0.17562
0.27441
0.39514

5.88
6.72
7.56
8.40
9.24

1/2 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
I. D. =
0.6220 inches
(e/D) = 0.002890
V
hf, ft per
V2/2g
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft

3/4 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
I. D. =
0.8240 inches
(e/D) = 0.002180
V
hf, ft per
V2/2g
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft

1.74
0.739

0.0085

0.74

0.845
0.950
1.06
1.27
1.48

0.0111
0.0140
0.0173
0.0250
0.0340

1.86

15.0
22.6
31.8

1.69
1.90
2.11
2.64
3.17

0.0444
0.0561
0.0693
0.1083
0.156

0.53783
0.70248
0.88907
1.09762
1.32812

42.6
54.9
68.4
83.5
100

3.70
4.22
4.75
5.28
5.81

10.08
10.92
11.77
12.61
13.45

1.58058
1.85498
2.15134
2.46965
2.80991

118
137
158
181
205

14.29
15.13
15.97

3.17213
3.55629
3.96241

231
258
286

2.89
4.30

0.602
0.722
0.842

0.00563
0.00810
0.01103

0.260

4.78
7.16
10.0

0.963
1.083
1.20
1.50
1.80

0.0144
0.0182
0.0225
0.0352
0.0506

0.212
0.277
0.351
0.433
0.524

13.3
17.1
21.3
25.8
30.9

2.11
2.41
2.71
3.01
3.31

0.0689
0.0900
0.114
0.141
0.170

3.30
4.21
5.21
6.32

6.34
6.86
7.39
7.92
8.45

0.624
0.732
0.849
0.975
1.109

36.5
42.4
48.7
55.5
62.7

3.61
3.91
4.21
4.51
4.81

0.203
0.238
0.276
0.316
0.360

8.87

8.97
9.50
10.03

1.25
1.40
1.56

70.3
78.3
86.9

5.11
5.41
5.72

0.406
0.456
0.508

1.21
1.80
2.50

11.8
15.0

18.8

16.81

4.39049

316

10.56
11.6

1.73
2.10

95.9
115

6.02
6.62

0.563
0.681

23.0
27.6

12.7
13.7
14.8
15.8

2.50
2.93
3.40
3.90

136
159
183
209

7.22
7.82
8.42
9.02
9.63

0.810
0.951
1.103
1.27
1.44

32.6
37.8
43.5
49.7
56.3

10.23
10.8
11.4
12.0
13.2

1.63
1.82
2.03
2.25
2.72

63.1
70.3
78.0
86.1
104

14.4
15.6
16.8
18.0

3.24
3.80
4.41
5.06

122
143
164
187

Re =

5,712

Re =

4,527

Re =

3,417

f =
hL =

0.04
4.3 ft water

f =
hL =

0.04
1.3 ft water

f =
hL =

0.04
0.3 ft water

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.589 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.466 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.352 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V =
1.177 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V =
0.933 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V =
0.704 ft/sec
(or Less)

1 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
I. D. =
1.0490 inches
(e/D) = 0.001720
V
hf, ft per
V2/2g
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft

1-1/4 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
I. D. =
1.3800 inches
(e/D) = 0.001300
V
hf, ft per
V2/2g
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft

0.371 0.00214
0.114
0.445 0.00308
0.520 0.00420
Transition To Turbulent Flow
0.594 0.00548
0.668 0.00694
0.742 0.00857
0.379
0.928 0.01339
1.114 0.01928
0.772

0.300 0.00140
Transition To Turbulent Flow
0.343 0.00183
0.386 0.00232
0.429 0.00286
0.102
0.536 0.00447
0.644 0.00644
0.207

1.299
1.48
1.67
1.86
2.04

0.0262
0.0343
0.0434
0.0535
0.0648

2.23
2.41
2.60
2.78
2.97

0.0771
0.0905
0.1050
0.120
0.137

3.16
3.34
3.53

0.155
0.173
0.193

1.295
1.93

2.68
3.56
4.54

5.65

0.751
0.858
0.965
1.073
1.180

0.00876
0.01144
0.01448
0.01788
0.02163

1.287
1.394
1.502
1.609
1.716

0.0257
0.0302
0.0350
0.0402
0.0458

1.823
1.931
2.038

0.0517
0.0579
0.0645

0.342
0.508

0.704
0.930
1.18

1.46

1-1/2 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
I. D. =
1.6100
(e/D) = 0.001120
V
V2/2g
ft/sec
ft

0.221 0.00076
Transition To Turbulent Flow
0.252 0.00099
0.284 0.00125
0.315 0.00154
0.394 0.00241
0.473 0.00347
0.552
0.630
0.709
0.788
0.867

0.00473
0.00618
0.00782
0.00965
0.01168

0.946
1.024
1.103
1.182
1.26

0.0139
0.0163
0.0189
0.0217
0.0247

1.34
1.42
1.50

0.0279
0.0313
0.0348

3.71
4.08

0.214
0.259

6.86

2.145
2.360

0.0715
0.0865

1.77

1.58
1.73

0.0386
0.0467

4.45
4.83
5.20
5.57
5.94

0.308
0.362
0.420
0.482
0.548

9.62

2.574
2.789
3.003
3.218
3.432

0.103
0.121
0.140
0.161
0.183

2.48

1.89
2.05
2.21
2.36
2.52

0.0556
0.0652
0.0757
0.0869
0.0988

6.31
6.68
7.05
7.42
8.17

0.619
0.694
0.773
0.857
1.037

25.1
30.2

3.647
3.861
4.076
4.290
4.719

0.207
0.232
0.258
0.286
0.346

6.34
7.58

2.68
2.84
2.99
3.15
3.47

0.112
0.125
0.139
0.154
0.187

8.91
9.65
10.39
11.1
11.9

1.23
1.45
1.68
1.93
2.19

35.6
41.6
47.9
54.6
61.8

5.148
5.577
6.006
6.435
6.864

0.412
0.483
0.561
0.644
0.732

8.92
10.37
13.6
13.6
15.3

3.78
4.10
4.41
4.73
5.04

0.222
0.261
0.303
0.347
0.395

12.6
13.4
14.1
14.8
15.6

2.48
2.78
3.09
3.43
3.78

69.4
77.4
86.0
95.0
104.5

7.293
7.722
8.151
8.580
9.009

0.827
0.927
1.033
1.14
1.26

17.2
19.2
21.3
23.5
25.8

5.36
5.67
5.99
6.30
6.62

0.446
0.500
0.557
0.618
0.681

16.3
17.1
17.8
18.6
20.4

4.15
4.53
4.93
5.35
6.48

114
124
135
146
176

9.438
9.867
10.296
10.725
11.798

1.38
1.51
1.65
1.79
2.16

28.2
30.7
33.3
36.0
43.2

6.93
7.25
7.56
7.88
8.67

0.747
0.817
0.889
0.965
1.17

22.3
24.1
26.0
27.8
29.7

7.71
9.05
10.50
12.0
13.7

209
245
283
324
367

12.870
13.943
15.015
16.088
17.160

2.57
3.02
3.50
4.02
4.58

51.0
59.6
68.8
78.7
89.2

9.46
10.24
11.03
11.8
12.6

1.39
1.63
1.89
2.17
2.47

31.6
33.4
35.3
37.1

15.5
17.3
19.3
21.4

413
462
513
567

18.233
19.305
20.378
21.450
23.595

5.17
5.79
6.45
7.15
8.65

100.2
112
124
138
166

13.4
14.2
15.0
15.8
17.3

2.79
3.13
3.48
3.86
4.67

25.740
27.885
30.030
32.175

10.3
12.1
14.0
16.1

197
230
267
306

18.9
20.5
22.1
23.6
25.2

5.56
6.52
7.57
8.69
9.88

26.8
28.4
29.9
31.5

11.16
12.51
13.9
15.4

12.8
16.5

20.6

3.28
4.20

5.22

Re =

2,684

Re =

f =
hL =

0.04
0.1 ft water

f =
hL =

0.04
0.0 ft water

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.277 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.210 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.180
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V =
0.553 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V =
0.421 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V =
0.360
(or Less)

1-1/2 Inch
edule 40 Steel Pipe
inches
hf, ft per
100' pipe

2 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
I. D. =
2.0670 inches
(e/D) = 0.000870
V
hf, ft per
V2/2g
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft

3 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe
I. D. =
3.0680 inches
I. D. =
(e/D) = 0.000587
(e/D) =
V
hf, ft per
V
V2/2g
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft/sec
ft

on To Turbulent Flow

0.0492
0.0988

0.164
0.242

0.333
0.439
0.558

0.689

0.191 0.00057
0.0151
0.239 0.00089
0.287 0.00128
0.0302
Transition To Turbulent Flow
0.335 0.00174
0.382 0.00227
0.0497
0.430 0.00288
0.0600
0.478 0.00355
0.0731
0.526 0.00430
0.0900

0.217
0.239

0.00073
0.00089

0.0112

0.227
0.250

0.574
0.621
0.669
0.717
0.765

0.00511
0.00600
0.00696
0.00799
0.00909

0.1004
0.120
0.131
0.150
0.166

0.260
0.282
0.304
0.325
0.347

0.00105
0.00124
0.00143
0.00165
0.00187

0.272
0.295
0.318
0.340
0.363

0.813
0.861
0.908

0.01027
0.0115
0.0128

0.190
0.205
0.230

0.369
0.391
0.412

0.00212
0.00237
0.00264

0.386
0.408
0.431

0.829

0.956
1.052

0.0142
0.0172

0.248
0.290

0.434
0.477

0.00293
0.00354

1.16

1.15
1.24
1.34
1.43
1.53

0.0205
0.0240
0.0278
0.0320
0.0364

0.343
0.400
0.453
0.510
0.578

0.521
0.564
0.608
0.651
0.694

0.00422
0.00495
0.00574
0.00659
0.0075

2.94
3.52

1.63
1.72
1.82
1.91
2.10

0.0411
0.0460
0.0513
0.0568
0.0688

0.640
0.717
0.790
0.868
1.03

0.738
0.781
0.825
0.868
0.955

0.0085
0.0095
0.0106
0.0117
0.0142

4.14
4.81
5.51
6.26
7.07

2.29
2.49
2.68
2.87
3.06

0.0818
0.0960
0.111
0.128
0.145

1.20
1.39
1.60
1.82
2.05

1.042
1.13
1.22
1.30
1.39

0.0169
0.0198
0.0230
0.0263
0.0300

7.92
8.82
9.78
10.79
11.8

3.25
3.44
3.63
3.82
4.02

0.164
0.184
0.205
0.227
0.251

2.29
2.54
2.81
3.10
3.39

1.48
1.56
1.65
1.74
1.82

0.0338
0.0379
0.0423
0.0468
0.0516

12.9
14.0
15.2
16.4
19.7

4.21
4.40
4.59
4.78
5.26

0.275
0.301
0.327
0.355
0.430

3.70
4.02
4.35
4.67
5.59

1.91
2.00
2.08
2.17
2.39

0.0567
0.0619
0.0674
0.0732
0.0886

0.662
0.789

2.00
2.09
2.18
2.27
2.50

23.2
27.1
31.3
35.8
40.5

5.74
6.21
6.69
7.17
7.65

0.511
0.600
0.696
0.799
0.909

6.59
7.69
8.86
10.1
11.4

2.60
2.82
3.04
3.25
3.47

0.105
0.124
0.143
0.165
0.187

0.924
1.07
1.22
1.39
1.57

2.72
2.95
3.18
3.40
3.63

45.6
51.0
56.5
62.2
74.5

8.13
8.61
9.08
9.56
10.52

1.03
1.15
1.28
1.42
1.72

12.8
14.2
15.8
17.4
20.9

3.69
3.91
4.12
4.34
4.77

0.212
0.237
0.264
0.293
0.354

1.76
1.96
2.17
2.39
2.86

3.86
4.08
4.31
4.54
4.99

88.3
103
119
137
156

11.5
12.4
13.4
14.3
15.3

2.05
2.40
2.78
3.20
3.64

24.7
28.8
33.2
38.0
43.0

5.21
5.64
6.08
6.51
6.94

0.422
0.495
0.574
0.659
0.749

3.37
3.92
4.51
5.14
5.81

5.45
5.90
6.35
6.81
7.26

175
196
218
241

16.3
17.2
18.2
19.1

4.11
4.60
5.13
5.68

48.4
54.1
60.1
66.3

7.38
7.81
8.25
8.68

0.846
0.948
1.06
1.17

6.53
7.28
8.07
8.90

7.72
8.17
8.62
9.08

1.53
1.96

2.42

0.0372

0.0762

0.126

0.262

0.443

0.454
0.499
0.545
0.590
0.635
0.681
0.726
0.772
0.817
0.862
0.908
0.999
1.089
1.18
1.27
1.36
1.45
1.54
1.63
1.72
1.82
1.91

21.0

6.88

80.0

9.55

1.42

10.7

9.99

22.9
24.9
26.8
28.7
33.5

8.18
9.60
11.14
12.8
17.4

95.0
111
128
146
199

10.4
11.3
12.2
13.0
15.2

1.69
1.98
2.30
2.63
3.59

12.6
14.7
16.9
19.2

10.9
11.8
12.7
13.6
15.9

38.2

22.7

258

17.4
19.5
21.7
23.9
26.0

4.68
5.93
7.32
8.86
10.5

33.9
52.5
63.2
74.8

18.2
20.4
22.7
25.0
27.2

28.2
30.4
32.5
34.7
36.9

12.4
14.3
16.5
18.7
21.2

87.5
101
116
131
148

29.5
31.8
34.0
36.3
38.6

39.1
41.2
43.4

23.7
26.4
29.3

165
184
204

40.8
43.1
45.4

ft/sec

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.140 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.095 ft/sec
(or Less)

ft/sec

For Critical Zone Flow:


V =
0.281 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V =
0.189 ft/sec
(or Less)

al Zone Flow:

nch
Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe
3.0000 inches
0.001600
hf, ft per
V2/2g
100'
pipe
ft

0.00080
0.00097

0.0128

4 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe
I. D. =
4.0260 inches
I. D. =
4.0000 inches
(e/D) = 0.000447
(e/D) = 0.001200
V
hf, ft per
V
hf, ft per
V2/2g
V2/2g
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft
ft

0.126
0.139

0.00025
0.00030

0.00310

0.128 0.000253
0.140 0.00031

0.00115
0.00135
0.00157
0.00180
0.00205

0.151
0.164
0.176
0.189
0.202

0.00036
0.00042
0.00048
0.00056
0.00063

0.153
0.166
0.179
0.191
0.204

0.00036
0.00043
0.00050
0.00057
0.00065

0.00231
0.00259
0.00289

0.214
0.227
0.239

0.00071
0.00080
0.00089

0.217
0.230
0.243

0.00073
0.00082
0.00091

0.00325

0.00320
0.00387
0.00461
0.00541
0.00628
0.00720
0.0082
0.0093
0.0104
0.0116
0.0128
0.0155
0.0184
0.0216
0.0251
0.0288
0.0328
0.0370
0.0415
0.0462
0.0512
0.0565

0.0435

0.0900

0.1510

0.320

0.549

0.252
0.277

0.00099
0.00119

0.302
0.328
0.353
0.378
0.403

0.01017

0.255
0.281

0.00101
0.00123

0.00142
0.00167
0.00193
0.00222
0.00253

0.306
0.332
0.357
0.383
0.408

0.00146
0.00171
0.00199
0.00228
0.00259

0.428
0.454
0.479
0.504
0.554

0.00285
0.00320
0.00356
0.00395
0.00478

0.434
0.460
0.485
0.511
0.562

0.00293
0.00328
0.00366
0.00405
0.00490

0.605
0.655
0.706
0.756
0.806

0.00569
0.00667
0.00774
0.00888
0.01011

0.613
0.664
0.715
0.766
0.817

0.00584
0.00685
0.00794
0.00912
0.01037

0.857
0.907
0.958
1.008
1.059

0.01141
0.01279
0.01426
0.01580
0.01741

0.868
0.919
0.970
1.021
1.072

0.01171
0.01313
0.01463
0.01621
0.01787

0.01911
0.02089
0.02275
0.02468
0.02986

1.123
1.174
1.225
1.277
1.404

0.01961
0.02144
0.02334
0.02533
0.03065

1.532
1.660
1.787
1.915
2.042

0.03647
0.04280
0.04964
0.05699
0.06484

0.624
0.744

2.170
2.298
2.425
2.553
2.808

0.07320
0.08206
0.09143
0.10131
0.12259

0.0344

0.0702

0.118

0.01080

0.03700

0.0770

0.131

0.0620
0.0678
0.0738
0.0800
0.0969

0.830
0.993

1.109
1.159
1.210
1.260
1.386

0.115
0.135
0.157
0.180
0.205

1.170
1.36
1.56
1.78
2.02

1.512
1.638
1.764
1.890
2.016

0.03554
0.04171
0.04837
0.05553
0.06318

0.231
0.259
0.289
0.320
0.387

2.28
2.55
2.82
3.10
3.73

2.142
2.268
2.394
2.520
2.772

0.07133
0.07996
0.08909
0.09872
0.11945

0.461
0.541
0.628
0.720
0.820

4.40
5.13
5.93
6.80
7.71

3.024
3.276
3.528
3.780
4.032

0.14216
0.16684
0.19349
0.22212
0.25272

0.877
1.017
1.165
1.32
1.49

3.064
3.319
3.574
3.830
4.085

0.14589
0.17122
0.19857
0.22795
0.25936

1.03
1.19
1.38
1.58
1.78

0.925
1.037
1.16
1.28

8.70
9.73
10.80
11.9

4.284
4.536
4.788
5.040

0.28530
0.31985
0.35638
0.39488

1.67
1.86
2.06
2.27

4.340
4.596
4.851
5.106

0.29279
0.32825
0.36574
0.40525

2.00
2.24
2.49
2.74

0.176

0.245
0.325
0.415

0.515

0.199

0.278
0.370
0.476

0.594
0.725
0.869

1.55

14.3

5.545

0.47780

2.72

5.617

0.49035

3.28

1.84
2.16
2.51
2.88
3.92

17.0
19.8
22.8
26.1
26.2

6.049
6.553
7.057
7.561
8.821

0.56863
0.66735
0.77397
0.88848
1.20932

3.21
3.74
4.30
4.89
5.51

6.127
6.638
7.149
7.659
8.936

0.58356
0.68487
0.79429
0.91181
1.24107

3.88
4.54
5.25
6.03
6.87

5.12
6.48
8.00
9.69
11.5

46.8

1.57952
1.99908
2.46800
2.98628
3.55392

8.47
13.0
15.7
18.6

10.212
11.489
12.766
14.042
15.319

1.62099
2.05157
2.53280
3.06468
3.64723

10.7

72.3
87
102

10.081
11.341
12.601
13.861
15.121

13.5
15.7
18.0
20.5
23.1

121
142
162
184
207

16.382
17.642
18.902
20.162
21.422

4.17092
4.83728
5.55300
6.31808
7.13252

21.7
25.0
28.6
32.4
36.5

16.595
17.872
19.148
20.425
21.701

4.28043
4.96428
5.69879
6.48396
7.31978

27.7
32.1
36.7
41.6
46.8

25.9
28.9
32.0

232
258
285

22.682 7.99632
23.942 8.90948
25.202 9.87200
27.723 11.94512
30.243 14.21569

40.8
45.3
50.2
60.5
72.0

22.978 8.20626
24.255 9.14340
25.531 10.13119
28.084 12.25874
30.637 14.58891

52.3
58.1
64.2
78.2
92.8

32.763
35.283
37.804
40.324
42.844

16.68369
19.34913
22.21201
25.27233
28.53009

84.3
97.6
112
127
143

33.191
35.744
38.297
40.850
43.403

17.12171
19.85713
22.79518
25.93585
29.27914

108.2
126
144
164
185

45.364 31.98529
47.885 35.63793
50.405 39.48802

160
178
196

45.956 32.82505
48.509 36.57359
51.062 40.52476

207
230
255

16.6
19.9
23.6

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.072 ft/sec
(or Less)
For Critical Zone Flow:
V =
0.144 ft/sec
(or Less)

6 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe
I. D. =
6.0650 inches
I. D. =
6.0000 inches
(e/D) = 0.000293
(e/D) = 0.000800
V
hf, ft per
V
hf, ft per
V2/2g
V2/2g
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft
ft

8 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
I. D. =
7.9810 inches
(e/D) = 0.000226
V
hf, ft per
V2/2g
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft

0.111 0.000192
0.122 0.00023

0.00146

0.113 0.000200
0.125 0.000242

0.00157

0.0641 0.000064 0.000401


0.0705 0.000077

0.133
0.144
0.155
0.167
0.178

0.00028
0.00032
0.00038
0.00043
0.00049

0.136
0.148
0.159
0.170
0.182

0.000288
0.000338
0.000392
0.000450
0.000512

0.0770
0.0834
0.0898
0.0962
0.1026

0.000092
0.000108
0.000125
0.000144
0.000164

0.189
0.200
0.211
0.222
0.244

0.00055
0.00062
0.00069
0.00077
0.00093

0.193
0.204
0.216
0.227
0.250

0.000578
0.000648
0.000722
0.000800
0.000969

0.1090
0.1154
0.1219
0.1283
0.1411

0.000185
0.000207
0.000231
0.000256 0.001320
0.000309

0.267
0.289
0.311
0.333
0.355

0.00110
0.00130
0.00150
0.00173
0.00196

0.272
0.295
0.318
0.340
0.363

0.001153
0.001353
0.001569
0.001801
0.002049

0.1539
0.1667
0.1796
0.1924
0.2052

0.000368
0.000432
0.000501
0.000575
0.000655

0.378
0.400
0.422
0.444
0.466

0.00222
0.00248
0.00277
0.00307
0.00338

0.386
0.408
0.431
0.454
0.477

0.002313
0.002594
0.002890
0.003202
0.003530

0.2180
0.2309
0.2437
0.2565
0.2694

0.000739
0.000828
0.000923
0.001023
0.001128

0.489
0.511
0.533
0.555
0.611

0.00371
0.00406
0.00442
0.00479
0.00580

0.499
0.522
0.545
0.567
0.624

0.003874
0.004235
0.004611
0.005003
0.006054

0.2822
0.2950
0.3078
0.3207
0.3527

0.001238
0.001353
0.001473
0.001598
0.001934

0.666
0.722
0.777
0.833
0.888

0.00690
0.00810
0.00939
0.01078
0.01227

0.681
0.738
0.794
0.851
0.908

0.007204
0.008455
0.009806
0.011257
0.012808

0.3848
0.4169
0.4489
0.4810
0.5131

0.002301
0.002701
0.003132
0.003596
0.004091

0.944
0.999
1.055
1.111
1.222

0.0138
0.0155
0.0173
0.0192
0.0232

0.965
1.021
1.078
1.135
1.248

0.014459
0.016210
0.018061
0.020012
0.024215

0.5451
0.5772
0.6093
0.6413
0.7055

0.004619
0.005178
0.005769
0.006393
0.007735

1.333
1.444
1.555
1.666
1.777

0.0276
0.0324
0.0376
0.0431
0.0491

1.362
1.475
1.589
1.702
1.816

0.028818
0.033821
0.039224
0.045028
0.051231

0.7696
0.8337
0.8979
0.9620
1.0261

0.009205
0.010803
0.012529
0.014383
0.016365

1.888
1.999
2.110
2.221

0.0554
0.0621
0.0692
0.0767

1.929
2.042
2.156
2.269

0.058
0.065
0.072
0.080

1.0902
1.1544
1.2185
1.2826

0.018474
0.020712
0.023077
0.025570

0.00487

0.00988

0.0164

0.0244

0.0337
0.0445
0.0564

0.0698
0.0843

0.118
0.155
0.198

0.246
0.299

0.00523

0.01070

0.0179

0.0268

0.0374
0.0496
0.0635

0.0789
0.0958

0.130
0.178
0.229

0.282
0.346

0.00266

0.00442

0.00652

0.00904
0.01190
0.0151

0.0186
0.0224

0.0311
0.0410
0.0521

0.0644
0.0780

2.443

0.0928

0.357

2.496

0.097

0.415

1.4109 0.030940

0.0928

2.665
2.887
3.109
3.332
3.887

0.110
0.130
0.150
0.173
0.235

0.419
0.487
0.560
0.637

2.723
2.950
3.177
3.404
3.972

0.115
0.135
0.157
0.180
0.245

0.490
0.570
0.655
0.745

1.5392
1.6674
1.7957
1.9240
2.2446

0.036821
0.043213
0.050117
0.057533
0.078308

0.1088
0.1260
0.144
0.163

4.442
4.997
5.553
6.108
6.663

0.307
0.388
0.479
0.580
0.690

1.09

0.32
0.41
0.50
0.61
0.72

1.30

1.66
1.99
2.34

4.539
5.106
5.674
6.241
6.808

2.02
2.42
2.84

2.5653
2.8859
3.2066
3.5273
3.8479

0.102280
0.129448
0.159813
0.193373
0.230130

0.279
0.348
0.424
0.507
0.597

7.218
7.774
8.329
8.884
9.439

0.810
0.939
1.08
1.23
1.38

2.73
3.13
3.57
4.03
4.53

7.376
7.943
8.510
9.078
9.645

0.85
0.98
1.13
1.28
1.45

3.33
3.87
4.45
5.06
5.69

4.1686
4.4893
4.8099
5.1306
5.4512

0.270083
0.313233
0.359578
0.409120
0.461859

0.694
0.797
0.907
1.02
1.15

9.995
10.550
11.105
12.216
13.326

1.55
1.73
1.92
2.32
2.76

5.05
5.60
6.17
7.41
8.76

10.212
10.780
11.347
12.482
13.617

1.62
1.81
2.00
2.42
2.88

6.34
7.02
7.73
9.80
11.2

5.7719
6.0926
6.4132
7.0545
7.6959

0.517793
0.576924
0.639251
0.773493
0.920521

1.27
1.41
1.56
1.87
2.20

14.437
15.547
16.658
17.768
18.879

3.24
3.76
4.31
4.91
5.54

10.2
11.8
13.5
15.4
17.3

14.751
15.886
17.021
18.156
19.290

3.4
3.9
4.5
5.1
5.8

13.0
15.1
17.4
19.8
22.3

8.3372
8.9785
9.6198
10.3
10.9

1.080334
1.252931
1.438314
1.636482
1.847434

2.56
2.95
3.37
3.82
4.29

19.989
21.100
22.211
23.321
24.432

6.21
6.92
7.67
8.45
9.28

19.4
21.6
23.8
26.2
28.8

20.425
21.560
22.694
23.829
24.964

6.5
7.2
8.0
8.8
9.7

24.8
27.6
30.5
33.6
36.8

11.5
12.2
12.8
13.5
14.1

2.071172
2.307695
2.557003
2.819095
3.093973

4.79
5.31
5.86

25.542
26.653
27.763
28.874
29.984

10.1
11.0
12.0
13.0
14.0

31.4
34.2
37.0
39.9
42.9

26.099
27.233
28.368
29.503
30.637

10.6
11.5
12.5
13.5
14.6

40.1
43.5
47.1
51.0
55.2

14.8
15.4
16.0
16.7
17.3

3.381636
3.682084
3.995316
4.321334
4.660137

31.095
32.205
33.316
34.426
35.537

15.0
16.1
17.3
18.4
19.6

46.1
49.4
52.8

18.0
18.6
19.2
19.9
20.5

5.011725
5.376098
5.753256
6.143199
6.545926

20.9
22.2
23.5
24.8
26.2

15.7
16.8
18.0
19.2
20.5
0.0
21.8
23.1
24.5
25.9
27.4

59.6
64.1
68.8

36.647
37.758
38.868
39.979
41.089

31.772
32.907
34.042
35.176
36.311
0.000
37.446
38.580
39.715
40.850
41.985

21.2
21.8
22.4
23.1
23.7

6.961439
7.389737
7.830820
8.284688
8.751341

59.9

67.4
75.5

78.0

88.0
98.7

7.02

8.31
9.70

11.20
12.8
14.5

16.4
18.4

42.200
43.311
44.421

27.7
29.2
30.7

84.1
93.1

43.119
44.254
45.389

28.9
30
32

110
122

24.4 9.230779
25.0 9.723002
25.7
10.2
26.3
10.7
26.9
11.3

20.5
22.6

27.6
28.2
28.9
29.5
30.1

11.8
12.4
12.9
13.5
14.1

30.8
31.4
32.1
35.3
38.5

14.7
15.3
16.0
19.3
23.0

35.1
42.5
50.5

41.7
44.9
48.1
51.3

27.0
31.3
36.0
40.9

59.1
68.3
78.1
88.6

28.5

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.048 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.036 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V =
0.096 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V =
0.073 ft/sec
(or Less)

8 Inch
Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe
I. D. =
8.0000 inches
(e/D) = 0.000600
V
hf, ft per
V2/2g
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft

10 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe
I. D. = 10.0200 inches
I. D. = 10.0000 inches
(e/D) = 0.000180
(e/D) = 0.000480
V
hf, ft per
V
hf, ft per
V2/2g
V2/2g
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft
ft

0.0638 0.000063 0.000399


0.0702 0.000077

0.0407 0.000026 0.000138


0.0448 0.000031

0.0408 0.000026 0.000140


0.0449 0.000031

0.0766
0.0830
0.0894
0.0957
0.1021

0.000091
0.000107
0.000124
0.000142
0.000162

0.0488
0.0529
0.0570
0.0610
0.0651

0.000037
0.000043
0.000050
0.000058
0.000066

0.0490
0.0531
0.0572
0.0613
0.0654

0.000037
0.000044
0.000051
0.000058
0.000066

0.1085
0.1149
0.1213
0.1277
0.1404

0.000183
0.000205
0.000229
0.000253 0.001320
0.000306

0.0692
0.0732
0.0773
0.0814
0.0895

0.000074
0.000083
0.000093
0.000103 0.000451
0.000125

0.0694
0.0735
0.0776
0.0817
0.0899

0.000075
0.000084
0.000094
0.000104 0.000460
0.000126

0.1532
0.1660
0.1787
0.1915
0.2042

0.000365
0.000428
0.000496
0.000570
0.000648

0.0976
0.1058
0.1139
0.1221
0.1302

0.000148
0.000174
0.000202
0.000232
0.000263

0.0980
0.1062
0.1144
0.1225
0.1307

0.000149
0.000175
0.000203
0.000233
0.000266

0.2170
0.2298
0.2425
0.2553
0.2681

0.000732
0.000821
0.000914
0.001013
0.001117

0.1383
0.1465
0.1546
0.1627
0.1709

0.000297
0.000333
0.000372
0.000412
0.000454

0.1389
0.1471
0.1552
0.1634
0.1716

0.000300
0.000336
0.000375
0.000415
0.000458

0.2808
0.2936
0.3064
0.3191
0.3511

0.001226
0.001340
0.001459
0.001583
0.001915

0.1790
0.1872
0.1953
0.2034
0.2238

0.000498
0.000544
0.000593
0.000643
0.000778

0.1797
0.1879
0.1961
0.2042
0.2247

0.000502
0.000549
0.000598
0.000648
0.000785

0.3830
0.4149
0.4468
0.4787
0.5106

0.002280
0.002675
0.003103
0.003562
0.004052

0.2441
0.2645
0.2848
0.3052
0.3255

0.000926
0.001087
0.001261
0.001447
0.00165

0.2451
0.2655
0.2859
0.3064
0.3268

0.000934
0.001096
0.001271
0.001459
0.001660

0.5425
0.5745
0.6064
0.6383
0.7021

0.004575
0.005129
0.005715
0.006332
0.007662

0.3458
0.3662
0.3865
0.4069
0.4476

0.00186
0.00208
0.00232
0.00257
0.00311

0.3472
0.3676
0.3881
0.4085
0.4493

0.001874
0.002101
0.002341
0.002594
0.003138

0.7659
0.8298
0.8936
0.9574
1.0212

0.009118
0.010701
0.012411
0.014247
0.016210

0.4882
0.5289
0.5696
0.6103
0.6510

0.00371
0.00435
0.00504
0.00579
0.00659

0.4902
0.5310
0.5719
0.6127
0.6536

0.003735
0.004383
0.005083
0.005836
0.006640

1.0851
1.1489
1.2127
1.2766

0.018299
0.020516
0.022858
0.025328

0.6917
0.7324
0.7731
0.8137

0.00744
0.00834
0.00929
0.0103

0.6944
0.7353
0.7761
0.8170

0.007495
0.008403
0.009363
0.010374

0.00269

0.00447

0.00664

0.00920
0.01210
0.0154

0.0191
0.0232

0.0323
0.0428
0.0548

0.0681
0.0828

0.00149

0.00304

0.00505

0.00747

0.0103
0.0136
0.0174

0.0215
0.0260

0.00154

0.00315

0.00525

0.00783

0.01058
0.0144
0.0183

0.0227
0.0276

1.4042 0.030647

0.0989

0.8951

0.0125

0.0309

0.8987 0.012553

0.0329

1.5319
1.6595
1.7872
1.9148
2.2340

0.036472
0.042804
0.049643
0.056988
0.077567

0.1163
0.135
0.155
0.176

0.9765
1.0579
1.1392
1.2206
1.4240

0.0148
0.0174
0.0202
0.0232
0.0315

0.0362
0.0417
0.0478
0.0542
0.0719

0.9804
1.0621
1.1438
1.2255
1.4297

0.014939
0.017533
0.020334
0.023342
0.031771

0.0387
0.0449
0.0514
0.0583
0.0778

2.5531
2.8723
3.1914
3.5105
3.8297

0.101312
0.128223
0.158300
0.191543
0.227952

0.304
0.380
0.464
0.557
0.658

1.6275
1.8309
2.0343
2.2378
2.4412

0.0412
0.0521
0.0643
0.0778
0.0926

0.0917
0.114
0.138
0.164
0.192

1.6340
1.8382
2.0425
2.2467
2.4510

0.041497
0.052520
0.064840
0.078456
0.093369

0.0990
0.1235
0.151
0.181
0.214

4.1488
4.4680
4.7871
5.1062
5.4254

0.267527
0.310268
0.356175
0.405248
0.457487

0.767
0.884
1.01
1.14
1.29

2.6447
2.8481
3.0515
3.2550
3.4584

0.109
0.126
0.145
0.165
0.186

0.224
0.256
0.291
0.328
0.368

2.6552
2.8595
3.0637
3.2680
3.4722

0.109579
0.127086
0.145889
0.165989
0.187386

0.250
0.288
0.328
0.370
0.415

5.7445
6.0637
6.3828
7.0211
7.6594

0.512891
0.571462
0.633199
0.766171
0.911807

1.44
1.60
1.76
2.14
2.53

3.6618
3.8653
4.0687
4.4756
4.8824

0.208
0.232
0.257
0.311
0.371

0.410
0.455
0.500
0.600
0.703

3.6765
3.8807
4.0850
4.4935
4.9020

0.210080
0.234071
0.259358
0.313824
0.373476

0.462
0.512
0.565
0.680
0.805

8.2976
8.9359
9.5742
10.2
10.9

1.070107
1.241071
1.424699
1.620990
1.829946

2.94
3.40
3.91
4.45
5.00

5.2893
5.6962
6.1030
6.5099
6.9168

0.435
0.504
0.579
0.659
0.744

0.818
0.940
1.07
1.21
1.36

5.3105
5.7190
6.1275
6.5360
6.9445

0.438316
0.508343
0.583557
0.663958
0.749546

0.945
1.09
1.25
1.42
1.60

11.5
12.1
12.8
13.4
14.0

2.051566
2.285850
2.532797
2.792409
3.064685

5.58
6.19
6.84

7.3237
7.7305
8.1374
8.5443
8.9511

0.834
0.929
1.03
1.13
1.25

1.52
1.68
1.86

7.3530
7.7615
8.1700
8.5785
8.9870

0.840321
0.936284
1.037434
1.143771
1.255295

1.78
1.97
2.17

14.7
15.3
16.0
16.6
17.2

3.349625
3.647228
3.957496
4.280428
4.616023

9.3580
9.7649
10.1717
10.5786
10.9855

1.36
1.48
1.61
1.74
1.88

9.3955
9.8040
10.2125
10.6210
11.0295

1.372006
1.493905
1.620990
1.753263
1.890723

17.9
18.5
19.1
19.8
20.4

4.964283
5.325207
5.698794
6.085046
6.483961

11.3924
11.7992
12.2061
12.6130
13.0198

2.02
2.16
2.32
2.47
2.63

11.4380
11.8465
12.2550
12.6635
13.0720

2.033370
2.181205
2.334226
2.492435
2.655831

21.1
21.7
22.3
23.0
23.6

6.895541
7.319785
7.756692
8.206264
8.668499

13.4267
13.8336
14.2404
14.6473
15.0542

2.80
2.97
3.15
3.33
3.52

13.4805
13.8890
14.2975
14.7060
15.1145

2.824414
2.998184
3.177141
3.361286
3.550617

8.26

9.80
11.47

13.3
15.2
17.3

19.5
21.9

2.23

2.64
3.08

3.56
4.06
4.59

5.16
5.76

2.64

3.12
3.63

4.18
4.79
5.47

6.18
6.91

24.3 9.143399
24.9 9.630962
25.5
10.1
26.2
10.6
26.8
11.2

24.4
27.0

15.4610
15.8679
16.2748
16.6817
17.0885

3.72
3.91
4.12
4.33
4.54

34.0

17.4954
17.9023
18.3091
18.7160
19.1229

4.76
4.98
5.21
5.44
5.68

19.5297
19.9366
20.3435
22.3778
24.4122

5.93
6.18
6.43
7.78
9.26

26.4
28.5
30.5
32.5
34.6
36.6
38.7
40.7

27.4
28.1
28.7
29.4
30.0

11.7
12.3
12.8
13.4
14.0

30.6
31.3
31.9
35.1
38.3

14.6
15.2
15.8
19.2
22.8

42.0
51.0
60.5

41.5
44.7
47.9
51.1

26.8
31.0
35.6
40.5

71.0
82.0
94.0
107

6.40
7.07

15.5230
15.9315
16.3400
16.7484
17.1569

3.745136
3.944842
4.149735
4.359816
4.575083

7.68

8.88

17.5654
17.9739
18.3824
18.7909
19.1994

4.795538
5.021180
5.252009
5.488025
5.729228

10.9
13.2
15.6

19.6079
20.0164
20.4249
22.4674
24.5099

5.975619
6.227196
6.483961
7.845593
9.336904

13.2
15.9
18.9

10.9
12.6
14.5
16.5
18.6

18.3
21.1
24.3
27.5
30.9

26.6
28.6
30.6
32.7
34.7

11.0
12.7
14.6
16.6
18.7

22.2
25.8
29.6
33.6
37.8

20.8
23.2
25.7

34.6
38.5
42.6

36.8
38.8
40.8

21.0
23.4
25.9

42.2
46.9
51.8

8.50

10.7

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.029 ft/sec
(or Less)
For Critical Zone Flow:
V =
0.058 ft/sec
(or Less)

12 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe
I. D. = 11.9380 inches
I. D. = 12.0000 inches
(e/D) = 0.000151
(e/D) = 0.000400
V
hf, ft per
V
hf, ft per
V2/2g
V2/2g
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft
ft

14 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
I. D. = 13.1240
(e/D) = 0.000137
V
V2/2g
ft/sec
ft

0.287
0.315

0.00128
0.00155

0.00325

0.284
0.312

0.00125
0.00151

0.00320

0.344
0.373
0.401
0.430
0.459

0.00184
0.00216
0.00250
0.00287
0.00327

0.00448

0.340
0.369
0.397
0.426
0.454

0.00180
0.00211
0.00245
0.00281
0.00320

0.00445

0.487
0.516
0.545
0.573

0.00369
0.00414
0.00461
0.00511

0.482
0.511
0.539
0.567

0.00361
0.00405
0.00452
0.00500

0.00590
0.00747

0.00920
0.0111

0.00589
0.00752

0.00932
0.01129

0.474

0.00350

0.631

0.00618

0.0132

0.624

0.00605

0.0135

0.522

0.00423

0.688
0.745
0.803
0.860
1.003

0.00736
0.00863
0.01001
0.01149
0.01564

0.0155
0.0180
0.0206
0.0233
0.0306

0.681
0.738
0.794
0.851
0.993

0.00720
0.00846
0.00981
0.01126
0.01532

0.0158
0.0182
0.0208
0.0236
0.0316

0.569
0.617
0.664
0.712
0.830

0.00504
0.00591
0.00685
0.00787
0.01071

1.147
1.290
1.433
1.576
1.720

0.02043
0.02586
0.03192
0.03863
0.04597

0.0391
0.0485
0.0587
0.0698
0.0820

1.135
1.277
1.418
1.560
1.702

0.02001
0.02533
0.03127
0.03784
0.04503

0.0404
0.0500
0.0604
0.0718
0.0845

0.949
1.067
1.186
1.304
1.423

0.01399
0.01770
0.02186
0.02645
0.03147

1.863
2.006
2.150
2.293
2.436

0.05395
0.06257
0.07183
0.08172
0.09226

0.0950
0.109
0.124
0.140
0.156

1.844
1.986
2.128
2.269
2.411

0.05284
0.06129
0.07036
0.08005
0.09037

0.0990
0.115
0.131
0.148
0.166

1.542
1.660
1.779
1.897
2.016

0.03694
0.04284
0.04918
0.05595
0.06316

2.580
2.723
2.866
3.153
3.440

0.10343
0.11524
0.12770
0.15451
0.18388

0.173
0.191
0.210
0.251
0.296

2.553
2.695
2.837
3.120
3.404

0.10131
0.11288
0.12508
0.15134
0.18011

0.184
0.203
0.224
0.272
0.321

2.135
2.253
2.372
2.609
2.846

0.07081
0.07890
0.08742
0.10578
0.12589

3.726
4.013
4.300
4.586
4.873

0.21580
0.25028
0.28731
0.32690
0.36904

0.344
0.395
0.450
0.509
0.572

3.688
3.972
4.255
4.539
4.823

0.21138
0.24515
0.28142
0.32020
0.36147

0.372
0.428
0.488
0.552
0.621

3.083
3.320
3.558
3.795
4.032

0.14775
0.17135
0.19671
0.22381
0.25266

5.159
5.446
5.733
6.019
6.306

0.41373
0.46098
0.51078
0.56314
0.61804

0.636
0.704
0.776

5.106
5.390
5.674
5.957
6.241

0.40525
0.45153
0.50031
0.55159
0.60537

0.695
0.774
0.858

4.269
4.506
4.743
4.981
5.218

0.28326
0.31560
0.34970
0.38554
0.42314

6.593
6.879
7.166
7.452
7.739

0.67551
0.73552
0.79809
0.86322
0.93090

6.525
6.808
7.092
7.376
7.659

0.66165
0.72044
0.78173
0.84552
0.91181

5.455
5.692
5.929
6.166
6.404

0.46248
0.50357
0.54641
0.59099
0.63733

8.026
8.312
8.599
8.886
9.172

1.00
1.07
1.15
1.23
1.31

7.943
8.227
8.510
8.794
9.078

0.98060
1.05189
1.12569
1.20198
1.28078

6.641
6.878
7.115
7.352
7.589

0.68541
0.73524
0.78682
0.84015
0.89523

9.459
9.746
10.032
10.3
10.6

1.39
1.48
1.56
1.65
1.75

9.361
9.645
9.929
10.212
10.496

1.36208
1.44588
1.53219
1.62099
1.71230

7.827
8.064
8.301
8.538
8.775

0.95206
1.01063
1.07
1.13
1.20

0.930

1.093
1.28

1.47
1.68
1.90

2.13
2.37

1.03

1.22
1.43

1.65
1.88
2.13

2.41
2.70

10.9
11.2
11.5
11.8
12.0

1.84
1.94
2.04
2.15
2.25

12.3
12.6
12.9
13.2
13.5

2.36
2.47
2.59
2.70
2.82

13.8
14.0
14.3
15.8
17.2

2.94
3.07
3.19
3.86
4.60

18.6
20.1
21.5
22.9
24.4

2.63
2.92

10.780
11.064
11.347
11.631
11.915

1.80610
1.90241
2.00122
2.10253
2.20635

3.65

12.198
12.482
12.766
13.049
13.333

2.31266
2.42148
2.53280
2.64662
2.76294

4.47
5.38
6.39

13.617
13.900
14.184
15.602
17.021

2.88176
3.00308
3.12691
3.78356
4.50275

5.40
6.26
7.18
8.17
9.23

7.47
8.63
9.88
11.20
12.6

18.439
19.858
21.276
22.694
24.113

25.8
27.2
28.7
31.5
34.4

10.3
11.5
12.8
15.5
18.4

14.1
15.7
17.4
21.0
24.8

37.3
40.1
43.0
45.9
48.7

21.6
25.0
28.7
32.7
36.9

51.6
54.5
57.3

41.4
46.1
51.1

3.00
3.31

9.012
9.250
9.487
9.724
9.961

1.26
1.33
1.40
1.47
1.54

4.18

10.198
10.435
10.7
10.9
11.1

1.62
1.69
1.77
1.85
1.93

5.13
6.17
7.30

11.4
11.6
11.9
13.0
14.2

2.01
2.10
2.19
2.64
3.15

5.28448
6.12874
7.03555
8.00489
9.03677

8.55
9.92
11.4
13.0
14.7

15.4
16.6
17.8
19.0
20.2

3.69
4.28
4.92
5.60
6.32

25.531
26.950
28.368
31.205
34.042

10.13119
11.28815
12.50764
15.13425
18.01100

16.4
18.2
20.2
24.2
28.8

21.3
22.5
23.7
26.1
28.5

7.08
7.89
8.74
10.6
12.6

28.9
33.5
38.4
43.7
49.2

36.878
39.715
42.552
45.389
48.226

21.13791
24.51498
28.14219
32.01956
36.14708

34.0
39.7
45.7
51.8
58.2

30.8
33.2
35.6
37.9
40.3

14.8
17.1
19.7
22.4
25.3

55.2
61.5
68.1

51.062 40.52476
53.899 45.15259
56.736 50.03057

65.0
72.1
79.8

42.7
45.1
47.4
52.2
56.9

28.3
31.6
35.0
42.3
50.4

61.7
66.4
71.2

59.1
68.5
78.7

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.024 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.022
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V =
0.049 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V =
0.044
(or Less)

14 Inch
Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe
I. D. = 14.0000 inches
(e/D) = 0.000343
hf, ft per
V
hf, ft per
V2/2g
100' pipe
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft

edule 40 Steel Pipe


inches

16 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe
I. D. = 15.0000 inches
I. D. = 16.0000
(e/D) = 0.000120
(e/D) = 0.000300
V
hf, ft per
V
V2/2g
V2/2g
ft/sec
100' pipe
ft/sec
ft
ft

0.00704

0.417

0.00270

0.00533

0.459

0.00327

0.500
0.542
0.584
0.625
0.729

0.00389
0.00456
0.00529
0.00608
0.00827

0.834
0.938
1.042
1.146
1.251

0.01080
0.01367
0.01688
0.02042
0.02430

1.355
1.459
1.563
1.667
1.772

0.02852
0.03308
0.03798
0.04321
0.04878
0.05469
0.06093
0.06751
0.08169
0.09722

0.0859

0.131
0.157
0.185

1.876
1.980
2.084
2.293
2.501

0.215
0.247
0.281
0.317
0.355

2.709
2.918
3.126
3.335
3.543

0.395
0.438
0.483

0.0147
0.0194

0.0112
0.0148

0.545
0.635

0.00461
0.00628

0.00769

0.479
0.558

0.00356
0.00485

0.0190

0.726
0.817
0.908
0.999
1.089

0.00820
0.01037
0.01281
0.01550
0.01844

0.0129

0.638
0.718
0.798
0.878
0.957

0.00633
0.00801
0.00989
0.01197
0.01425

1.180
1.271
1.362
1.452
1.543

0.02165
0.02510
0.02882
0.03279
0.03701

1.037
1.117
1.197
1.277
1.356

0.01672
0.01939
0.02226
0.02533
0.02859

0.1050
0.1256
0.148

1.634
1.725
1.816
1.997
2.179

0.04150
0.04624
0.05123
0.06199
0.07377

1.436
1.516
1.596
1.755
1.915

0.03206
0.03572
0.03957
0.04789
0.05699

0.11410
0.13233
0.15190
0.17283
0.19511

0.172
0.198
0.225
0.254
0.285

2.360
2.542
2.723
2.905
3.086

0.08658
0.10041
0.11527
0.13115
0.14806

2.074
2.234
2.394
2.553
2.713

0.06688
0.07757
0.08904
0.10131
0.11437

3.752
3.960
4.168
4.377
4.585

0.21874
0.24372
0.27005
0.29773
0.32676

0.318
0.353
0.390

3.268
3.450
3.631
3.813
3.994

0.16599
0.18494
0.20493
0.22593
0.24796

0.248

2.872
3.032
3.191
3.351
3.511

0.12822
0.14287
0.15830
0.17453
0.19154

0.738

4.794
5.002
5.210
5.419
5.627

0.35714
0.38888
0.42196
0.45639
0.49217

0.600

4.176
4.357
4.539
4.720
4.902

0.27101
0.29509
0.32020
0.34632
0.37348

0.377

3.670
3.830
3.989
4.149
4.308

0.20935
0.22795
0.24734
0.26753
0.28850

1.04

5.836
6.044
6.253
6.461
6.669

0.52930
0.56779
0.60762
0.64880
0.69133

0.855

5.084
5.265
5.447
5.628
5.810

0.40165
0.43086
0.46108
0.49233
0.52461

0.535

4.468
4.628
4.787
4.947
5.106

0.31027
0.33283
0.35617
0.38032
0.40525

1.40

6.878
7.086
7.295
7.503
7.711

0.73522
0.78045
0.82704
0.87497
0.92425

1.16

5.991
6.173
6.354
6.536
6.718

0.55791
0.59223
0.62758
0.66396
0.70136

0.718

5.266
5.425
5.585
5.745
5.904

0.43097
0.45749
0.48479
0.51289
0.54178

0.0247
0.0370
0.0517

0.0683
0.0872

0.108

0.0284
0.0400

0.0533
0.0686

0.0193
0.0269

0.0356
0.0454

0.0563
0.0683
0.0953

0.127
0.163

0.203

1.81

7.920
8.128
8.337
8.545
8.754

0.97489
1.02687
1.08021
1.13490
1.19093

2.27

8.962
9.170
9.379
9.587
9.796

1.24832
1.30705
1.36714
1.42858
1.49137

2.78

10.004
10.212
10.421
11.463
12.505

1.55550
1.62099
1.68783
2.04227
2.43047

13.547
14.589
15.631
16.673
17.716

2.85243
3.30814
3.79761
4.32084
4.87782

10.7
12.9
15.2

18.758
19.800
20.842
22.926
25.010

5.46856
6.09306
6.75131
8.16909
9.72189

9.15
11.05
13.0

17.8
20.7
23.7
26.8
30.2

27.094
29.178
31.263
33.347
35.431

11.40972
13.23257
15.19046
17.28336
19.51130

33.9
37.8
41.9
50.6
60.0

37.515
39.599
41.684
45.852
50.020

70.3
81.4
93.4

3.95

5.32
6.90

8.7

1.50

6.899
7.081
7.262
7.444
7.625

0.73978
0.77923
0.81970
0.86120
0.90372

0.921

6.064
6.223
6.383
6.542
6.702

0.57146
0.60194
0.63320
0.66526
0.69810

1.88

7.807
7.988
8.170
8.352
8.533

0.94727
0.99184
1.03743
1.08405
1.13170

1.15

6.862
7.021
7.181
7.340
7.500

0.73174
0.76617
0.80139
0.83741
0.87421

2.30

8.715
8.896
9.078
9.986
10.9

1.18037
1.23006
1.28078
1.54975
1.84433

1.41

7.659
7.819
7.978
8.776
9.6

0.91181
0.95019
0.98937
1.19714
1.42470

11.8
12.7
13.6
14.5
15.4

2.16452
2.51033
2.88176
3.27880
3.70146

10.4
11.2
12.0
12.8
13.6

1.67204
1.93917
2.22609
2.53280
2.85929

16.3
17.2
18.2
20.0
21.8

4.14974
4.62362
5.12313
6.19899
7.37731

4.38
5.38
6.49
7.69

14.4
15.2
16.0
17.6
19.1

3.20557
3.57164
3.95750
4.78857
5.69879

15.2
17.6
20.2
23.0
26.0

23.6 8.65809
25.4 10.04133
27.2
11.5
29.0
13.1
30.9
14.8

8.99
10.4
11.9
13.5
15.3

20.7
22.3
23.9
25.5
27.1

6.68817
7.75669
8.9
10.1
11.4

21.87426
24.37224
27.00525
32.67636
38.88757

29.2
32.6
36.2
43.5
51.9

32.7
34.5
36.3
39.9
43.6

16.6
18.5
20.5
24.8
29.5

17.2
19.2
21.2
25.5
30.2

28.7
30.3
31.9
35.1
38.3

12.8
14.3
15.8
19.2
22.8

54.189 45.63888
58.357 52.93030
62.525 60.76182

61.2
71.2
81.6

47.2
50.8
54.5
58.1
61.7

34.6
40.2
46.1
52.5
59.2

35.4
41.0
47.0
53.5
60.2

41.5
44.7
47.9
51.1
54.3

26.8
31.0
35.6
40.5
45.7

65.4
69.0
72.6
76.3
79.9

66.4
74.0
82.0
90.4
99.2

67.2
75.0
83.0
91.5
101

57.4
60.6
63.8
67.0
70.2

51.3
57.1
63.3
69.8
76.6

3.31

4.50
5.87

7.42

2.01

2.69
3.49

83.5
87.1
90.8

108.4
118
128

110
118
128

73.4
76.6
79.8

83.7
91.2
98.9

ft/sec

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.019 ft/sec
(or Less)

ft/sec

For Critical Zone Flow:


V =
0.039 ft/sec
(or Less)

al Zone Flow:

Dipped Cast Iron Pipe


inches
hf, ft per
100' pipe

18 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe
I. D. = 16.8760 inches
I. D. = 18.0000 inches
(e/D) = 0.000107
(e/D) = 0.000267
V
hf, ft per
V
hf, ft per
V2/2g
V2/2g
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft
ft

20
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
I. D. =
(e/D) =
V
ft/sec

0.00581

0.430
0.502

0.00288
0.00392

0.00437

0.378
0.441

0.00222
0.00303

0.00328

0.346
0.404

0.00980

0.574
0.645
0.717
0.789
0.861

0.00512
0.00648
0.00799
0.00967
0.01151

0.00730

0.504
0.567
0.630
0.693
0.756

0.00395
0.00500
0.00618
0.00747
0.00889

0.00554

0.462
0.519
0.577
0.635
0.693

0.932
1.004
1.076
1.147
1.219

0.01351
0.01567
0.01799
0.02046
0.02310

0.820
0.883
0.946
1.009
1.072

0.01044
0.01211
0.01390
0.01581
0.01785

1.291
1.363
1.434
1.578
1.721

0.02590
0.02886
0.03198
0.03869
0.04605

1.135
1.198
1.261
1.387
1.513

0.02001
0.02230
0.02471
0.02989
0.03558

1.865
2.008
2.152
2.295
2.438

0.05404
0.06267
0.07195
0.08186
0.09241

1.639
1.765
1.891
2.017
2.143

0.04175
0.04842
0.05559
0.06325
0.07140

0.200

2.582
2.725
2.869
3.012
3.156

0.10360
0.11543
0.12790
0.14101
0.15476

0.139

2.269
2.396
2.522
2.648
2.774

0.08005
0.08919
0.09883
0.10896
0.11958

0.307

3.299
3.442
3.586
3.729
3.873

0.16915
0.18418
0.19985
0.21616
0.23310

0.211

2.900
3.026
3.152
3.278
3.404

0.13070
0.14231
0.15442
0.16702
0.18011

0.435

4.016
4.160
4.303
4.446
4.590

0.25069
0.26892
0.28778
0.30729
0.32743

0.297

3.530
3.656
3.782
3.908
4.035

0.19370
0.20778
0.22236
0.23743
0.25299

0.584

4.733
4.877
5.020
5.164
5.307

0.34822
0.36964
0.39170
0.41441
0.43775

0.397

4.161
4.287
4.413
4.539
4.665

0.26905
0.28561
0.30265
0.32020
0.33823

0.0148
0.0207

0.0276
0.0354

0.0441
0.0537
0.0760

0.101
0.130

0.163

0.0109
0.0152

0.0201
0.0256

0.0318
0.0386
0.0541

0.0719
0.092

0.114

0.00832
0.01162

0.0154
0.0197

0.0245
0.0298
0.0420

0.0560
0.0728

0.0910

0.750
0.808
0.866
0.923
0.981
1.039
1.097
1.154
1.270
1.385
1.501
1.616
1.731
1.847
1.962

0.110

2.078
2.193
2.309
2.424
2.539

0.170

2.655
2.770
2.886
3.001
3.117

0.240

3.232
3.347
3.463
3.578
3.694

0.320

3.809
3.925
4.040
4.156
4.271

0.754

5.450
5.594
5.737
5.881
6.024

0.46173
0.48635
0.51161
0.53751
0.56405

0.948

6.168
6.311
6.455
6.598
6.741

0.59123
0.61905
0.64751
0.67661
0.70635

1.17

6.885
7.028
7.172
7.889
8.606

0.73672
0.76774
0.79940
0.96727
1.15113

9.323
10.040
10.758
11.475
12.192

1.35098
1.56682
1.79864
2.04646
2.31026

4.57
5.50
6.52

12.909
13.626
14.343
15.778
17.212

2.59005
2.88582
3.19759
3.86908
4.60452

7.63
8.81
10.1
11.5
13.0

18.646
20.081
21.515
22.949
24.384

5.40392
6.26727
7.19457
8.18582
9.24103

14.6
16.3
18.1
21.8
25.9

25.818
27.252
28.687
31.555
34.424

10.36018
11.54329
12.79035
15.47632
18.41810

9.33

30.4
35.5
40.5
46.0
51.9

37.293
40.161
43.030
45.899
48.768

58.1
64.7
71.7
79.1
86.9

51.636
54.505
57.374
60.242
63.111

1.66

2.26
2.96

3.73

0.511

4.791
4.917
5.043
5.169
5.295

0.35676
0.37579
0.39530
0.41532
0.43582

0.639

5.421
5.548
5.674
5.800
5.926

0.45682
0.47832
0.50031
0.52279
0.54577

0.781

6.052
6.178
6.304
6.934
7.565

0.56924
0.59320
0.61766
0.74737
0.88943

8.195
8.826
9.456
10.086
10.717

1.04385
1.21062
1.38974
1.58121
1.78504

11.347
11.978
12.608
13.869
15.130

2.00122
2.22976
2.47065
2.98948
3.55773

16.390
17.651
18.912
20.173
21.434

4.17539
4.84246
5.55895
6.32485
7.14016

1.11

1.49
1.93

2.42
2.97
4.21

5.69
7.41

0.415

4.386
4.502
4.617
4.733
4.848

0.525

4.964
5.079
5.194
5.310
5.425

0.645

5.541
5.656
5.772
6.349
6.926

0.920

1.24
1.61

2.02
2.48
3.56

4.85
6.34

8.02

7.503
8.080
8.657
9.234
9.812
10.389
10.966
11.543
12.697
13.852
15.006
16.160
17.315
18.469
19.623

11.5
13.9
16.5

22.694 8.00489
23.955 8.91903
25.216 9.88258
27.738 11.95792
30.259 14.23092

9.88
11.90
14.10

20.778
21.932
23.086
25.395
27.703

21.61569
25.06908
28.77828
32.74329
36.96410

19.2
22.2
25.5
29.0
32.8

32.781
35.302
37.824
40.346
42.867

16.70156
19.36986
22.23581
25.29941
28.56066

16.50
19.1
21.9
24.9
28.1

30.012
32.321
34.629
36.938
39.246

41.44072
46.17315
51.16139
56.40543
61.90528

36.8
40.8
45.0
49.7
54.5

45.389
47.910
50.432
52.954
55.475

32.01956
35.67612
39.53032
43.58218
47.83169

31.5
35.1
38.9
42.9
47.0

41.555
43.864
46.172
48.481
50.789

95.0
103
112

65.980
68.848
71.717
78.889
86.060

67.66094
73.67240
79.93967
96.72700
115

59.5
64.8
70.2
84.8
101

57.997
60.518
63.040
69.344
75.648

52.27885
56.92367
61.76613
74.73702
88.94323

51.3
55.8
60.5
73.0
86.7

53.098
55.407
57.715
63.487
69.258

93.232
100.404

135
157

118
136

81.952
88.256

104
121

101.8
118

75.030
80.801
86.573
92.344
98.116
103.888
109.659
115.431

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.017 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Laminar Flow:


V =
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V =
0.034 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V =
(or Less)

20 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe
18.8120 inches
I. D. = 20.0000 inches
(e/D) = 0.000240
0.000096
hf, ft per
V
hf, ft per
V2/2g
V2/2g
100'
pipe
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft
ft

24 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iro
I. D. = 22.6240 inches
I. D. =
(e/D) = 0.000080
(e/D) =
V
hf, ft per
V
V2/2g
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft/sec
ft

0.00186
0.00254

0.00258

0.306
0.357

0.00146
0.00199

0.00197

0.239
0.279

0.00089
0.00121

0.00107

0.213
0.248

0.00331
0.00419
0.00518
0.00626
0.00746

0.00432

0.408
0.460
0.511
0.562
0.613

0.00259
0.00328
0.00405
0.00490
0.00584

0.00332

0.319
0.359
0.399
0.439
0.479

0.00158
0.00200
0.00247
0.00299
0.00356

0.00178

0.284
0.319
0.355
0.390
0.426

0.664
0.715
0.766
0.817
0.868

0.00685
0.00794
0.00912
0.0104
0.0117

0.519
0.559
0.599
0.638
0.678

0.00418
0.00485
0.00557
0.00634
0.00715

0.919
0.970
1.021
1.123
1.225

0.0131
0.0146
0.0162
0.0196
0.0233

0.718
0.758
0.798
0.878
0.958

0.00802
0.00893
0.00990
0.01198
0.01426

1.328
1.430
1.532
1.634
1.736

0.0274
0.0318
0.0365
0.0415
0.0468

1.038
1.117
1.197
1.277
1.357

0.01673
0.01940
0.02227
0.02534
0.02861

0.0812

1.838
1.940
2.042
2.145
2.247

0.0525
0.0585
0.0648
0.0715
0.0785

0.0650

1.437
1.516
1.596
1.676
1.756

0.03208
0.03574
0.03960
0.04366
0.04791

0.123

2.349
2.451
2.553
2.655
2.757

0.0858
0.0934
0.1013
0.1096
0.1182

0.0998

1.836
1.915
1.995
2.075
2.155

0.05237
0.05702
0.06187
0.06692
0.07217

0.174

2.859
2.962
3.064
3.166
3.268

0.1271
0.1363
0.146
0.156
0.166

0.140

2.235
2.314
2.394
2.474
2.554

0.07761
0.08326
0.08910
0.09514
0.10137

0.232

3.370
3.472
3.574
3.676
3.779

0.177
0.187
0.199
0.210
0.222

0.188

2.634
2.714
2.793
2.873
2.953

0.10781
0.11444
0.12127
0.12830
0.13553

0.00875
0.01015
0.01165
0.01325
0.01496
0.01677
0.01869
0.02071
0.02506
0.02982
0.03500
0.04059
0.04660
0.05302
0.05985
0.06710
0.07476
0.08284
0.09133
0.10023
0.10955
0.11928
0.12943
0.13999
0.15097
0.16236
0.17416
0.18638
0.19901
0.21206
0.22552
0.23940
0.25369
0.26839
0.28351

0.00645
0.00897

0.01186
0.0152

0.0188
0.0227
0.0318

0.0422
0.0538

0.0669

0.00496
0.00691

0.00918
0.0117

0.0146
0.0177
0.0249

0.0332
0.0427

0.0533

0.00267
0.00371

0.0049
0.00621

0.00767
0.00928
0.0129

0.0171
0.0219

0.0272

0.461
0.496
0.532
0.567
0.603
0.638
0.674
0.709
0.780
0.851
0.922
0.993
1.064
1.135
1.206

0.0330

1.277
1.347
1.418
1.489
1.560

0.0499

1.631
1.702
1.773
1.844
1.915

0.0700

1.986
2.057
2.128
2.199
2.269

0.0934

2.340
2.411
2.482
2.553
2.624

0.29904
0.31498
0.33135
0.34812
0.36531
0.38291
0.40093
0.41936
0.43820
0.45746
0.47714
0.49722
0.51773
0.62645
0.74553
0.87496
1.01474
1.16489
1.32538
1.49623
1.67743
1.86899
2.07091
2.50580
2.98211
3.49983
4.05898
4.65954
5.30152
5.98492

0.298

3.881
3.983
4.085
4.187
4.289

0.234
0.247
0.259
0.272
0.286

0.372

4.391
4.493
4.596
4.698
4.800

0.300
0.314
0.328
0.343
0.358

0.455

4.902
5.004
5.106
5.617
6.127

0.373
0.389
0.405
0.490
0.584

6.638
7.149
7.659
8.170
8.681

0.685
0.794
0.91
1.04
1.17

9.191
9.702
10.212
11.234
12.255

1.31
1.46
1.62
1.96
2.33

13.276
14.297
15.319
16.340
17.361

2.74
3.18
3.65
4.15
4.68
5.25
5.85
6.48
7.85
9.34

4.62

0.645

0.862
1.11

1.39
1.70
2.44

3.29
4.26

0.243

3.033
3.113
3.192
3.272
3.352

0.14295
0.15057
0.15840
0.16641
0.17463

0.306

3.432
3.512
3.591
3.671
3.751

0.18305
0.19166
0.20047
0.20948
0.21868

0.376

3.831
3.911
3.990
4.389
4.789

0.22809
0.23769
0.24749
0.29947
0.35639

5.188
5.587
5.986
6.385
6.784

0.41826
0.48509
0.55686
0.63358
0.71525

7.183
7.582
7.981
8.779
9.577

0.80188
0.89345
0.98997
1.19787
1.42556

10.375
11.173
11.971
12.769
13.568

1.67305
1.94034
2.22744
2.53433
2.86102
3.20751
3.57380
3.95989
4.79146
5.70224

2.10

5.67
6.85
8.13

14.366
15.164
15.962
17.558
19.154

2.58
3.10
3.67

12.766
13.475
14.184
15.602
17.021

0.533

0.721
0.935

1.18
1.45
2.07

2.80
3.66

0.120

2.695
2.766
2.837
2.908
2.979

0.149

3.050
3.120
3.191
3.262
3.333

0.181

3.404
3.475
3.546
3.901
4.255

0.257

0.343
0.441

0.551
0.671
0.959

1.29
1.67

4.610
4.964
5.319
5.674
6.028
6.383
6.737
7.092
7.801
8.510
9.220
9.929
10.638
11.347
12.056

6.70974
7.47597
8.28363
10.02319
11.92842

5.35
6.56
7.91
9.39

18.382
19.404
20.425
22.467
24.510

14.0
16.2
18.6
21.2
23.9

11.0
12.7
14.6
16.6
18.7

26.552
28.595
30.637
32.680
34.722

10.96
12.7
14.6
16.6
18.7

9.54
11.1
12.7
14.4
16.3

20.750 6.69221
22.347 7.76138
23.943 8.90975
25.539 10.13731
27.135
11.4

4.29
4.96
5.68
6.42
7.22

18.439
19.858
21.276
22.694
24.113

26.8
29.9
33.1
36.5
40.1

20.9
23.2
25.7
28.4
31.3

36.765
38.807
40.850
42.892
44.935

21.0
23.4
25.9
28.6
31.4

18.2
20.2
22.4
24.7
27.1

28.731
30.327
31.924
33.520
35.116

8.08
9.00
9.98
11.0
12.1

25.531
26.950
28.368
29.786
31.205

12.8
14.3
15.8
17.5
19.2

43.8
47.7
51.8
62.6
74.6

34.2
37.1
40.0
48.3
57.4

46.977
49.020
51.062
56.169
61.275

34.3
37.3
40.5
49.0
58.4

29.7
32.4
35.2
42.4
50.4

36.712
38.308
39.905
43.895
47.885

20.9
22.8
24.7
29.9
35.6

13.2
14.3
15.5
18.7
22.3

32.623
34.042
35.460
39.006
42.552

87.5
101.5
116.5
132.5
150

67.2
77.8
89.3
102
115

66.381
71.487
76.594
81.700
86.806

68.5
79.4
91.2
103.7
117

59.0
68.4
78.6
89.5
101

51.876
55.866
59.857
63.847
67.838

41.8
48.5
55.7
63.4
71.5

26.2
30.4
34.8
39.4
44.4

46.098
49.644
53.190
56.736
60.282

168
187
207

129
143
158

91.912
97.018
102.125

131
146
162

113
126
139

71.828
75.819
79.809
87.790
95.771

80.2
89.3
99.0
120
143

49.7
55.5
61.5
74.0
88.0

63.828
67.374
70.920
78.012
85.104

103.752
112
120

167
194
223

103
119
137

92.196
99
106

For Laminar Flow:


0.015 ft/sec

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.013 ft/sec
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


0.031 ft/sec

For Critical Zone Flow:


V =
0.026 ft/sec
(or Less)

nch
Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe
24.0000 inches
0.000200
hf, ft per
V2/2g
100'
pipe
ft

30 Inch
Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe
I. D. = 29.0000 inches
I. D. = 30.0000 inches
(e/D) = 0.000621
(e/D) = 0.000160
V
hf, ft per
V
hf, ft per
V2/2g
V2/2g
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft/sec
100'
pipe
ft
ft

0.00070 0.000821
0.00096
0.00125
0.00158
0.00195
0.00236
0.00281
0.00330
0.00383
0.00440
0.00500
0.00565
0.00633
0.00706
0.00782
0.00946
0.01126
0.01321
0.01532
0.01759
0.02001
0.02259
0.02533
0.02822
0.03127
0.03447
0.03784
0.04135
0.04503
0.04886
0.05284
0.05699
0.06129
0.06574
0.07036
0.07512
0.08005
0.08513
0.09037
0.09576
0.10131
0.10702

0.00137

0.194
0.219
0.243
0.267
0.291

0.000587 0.000540
0.000743
0.000917
0.001109
0.001320

0.182
0.204
0.227
0.250
0.272

0.000512 0.001370
0.000648
0.000800
0.000969
0.001153

0.316
0.340
0.364
0.389
0.413

0.001549
0.001797
0.002063
0.002347
0.002649

0.295
0.318
0.340
0.363
0.386

0.001353
0.001569
0.001801
0.002049
0.002313

0.437
0.461
0.486
0.534
0.583

0.002970
0.003309
0.003667
0.004437
0.005280

0.408
0.431
0.454
0.499
0.545

0.002594
0.002890
0.003202
0.003874
0.004611

0.631
0.680
0.729
0.777
0.826

0.006197
0.007187
0.008251
0.009387
0.010598

0.590
0.635
0.681
0.726
0.772

0.005411
0.006276
0.007204
0.008197
0.009254

0.0262

0.874
0.923
0.971
1.020
1.069

0.011881
0.013238
0.014668
0.016171
0.017748

0.00986

0.817
0.862
0.908
0.953
0.999

0.010374
0.011559
0.012808
0.014121
0.015497

0.0398

1.117
1.166
1.214
1.263
1.311

0.019398
0.021122
0.022919
0.024789
0.026732

0.0148

1.044
1.089
1.135
1.180
1.225

0.016938
0.018443
0.020012
0.021645
0.023342

0.0132

0.0563

1.360
1.409
1.457
1.506
1.554

0.028749
0.030839
0.033003
0.035240
0.037550

0.0206

1.271
1.316
1.362
1.407
1.452

0.025103
0.026928
0.028818
0.030771
0.032788

0.0186

0.0759

1.603
1.651
1.700
1.749
1.797

0.039933
0.042390
0.044920
0.047524
0.050201

0.0276

1.498
1.543
1.589
1.634
1.679

0.034869
0.037015
0.039224
0.041497
0.043835

0.0248

0.00205
0.00284

0.00376
0.00480

0.00597
0.00724
0.0102

0.0135
0.0173

0.0216

0.00147
0.00187

0.00231
0.00280
0.00390

0.00514
0.00652

0.00814

0.00128
0.00163

0.00202
0.00244
0.00343

0.00452
0.00577

0.00720
0.00876

0.11288
0.11890
0.12508
0.13141
0.13790
0.14454
0.15134
0.15830
0.16541
0.17268
0.18011
0.18769
0.19543
0.23647
0.28142
0.33028
0.38305
0.43972
0.50031
0.56480
0.63320
0.70551
0.78173
0.94589
1.12569
1.32112
1.53219
1.75889
2.00122
2.25919

0.098

1.846
1.894
1.943
1.991
2.040

0.052951
0.055775
0.058672
0.061642
0.064686

0.122

2.089
2.137
2.186
2.234
2.283

0.067802
0.070993
0.074256
0.077593
0.081004

0.149

2.332
2.380
2.429
2.672
2.914

0.084487
0.088044
0.091674
0.110926
0.132011

3.157
3.400
3.643
3.886
4.129

0.154930
0.179682
0.206268
0.234687
0.264939

4.372
4.614
4.857
5.343
5.829

0.297025
0.330945
0.366698
0.443704
0.528045

6.314
6.800
7.286
7.772
8.257

0.619719
0.718728
0.825070
0.938747
1.059757
1.188101
1.323779
1.466792
1.774818
2.112180

0.211

0.284
0.368

0.464
0.571
0.816

1.11
1.43

2.53280
2.82204
3.12691
3.78356
4.50275

1.80
2.21
2.67
3.16

8.743
9.229
9.715
10.686
11.658

5.28448
6.12874
7.03555
8.00489
9.03677

3.71
4.32
4.97
5.65
6.35

12.629
13.600
14.572
15.543
16.515

2.478878
2.874912
3.300281
3.754986
4.239028

10.13119
11.3
12.5
13.8
15.1

7.10
7.90
8.75
9.63
10.5

17.486
18.458
19.429
20.401
21.372

4.752405
5.295118
5.867166
6.468551
7.099271

0.0354

1.725
1.770
1.816
1.861
1.906

0.046236
0.048702
0.051231
0.053825
0.056483

0.0320

0.0440

1.952
1.997
2.042
2.088
2.133

0.059204
0.061990
0.064840
0.067753
0.070731

0.0400

0.0535

2.179
2.224
2.269
2.496
2.723

0.073773
0.076879
0.080049
0.096859
0.115270

0.0488

2.950
3.177
3.404
3.631
3.858

0.135283
0.156896
0.180110
0.204925
0.231341

4.085
4.312
4.539
4.993
5.447

0.259358
0.288977
0.320196
0.387437
0.461082

5.901
6.354
6.808
7.262
7.716

0.541131
0.627583
0.720440
0.819701
0.925365

0.732

8.170
8.624
9.078
9.986
10.893

1.037434
1.155906
1.280782
1.549747
1.844327

1.61

11.801
12.709
13.617
14.524
15.432

2.164522
2.510334
2.881761
3.278803
3.701461

1.57

2.83

16.340
17.248
18.156
19.063
19.971

4.149735
4.623625
5.123130
5.648251
6.198987

2.77

0.0750

0.100
0.129

0.161
0.196
0.277

0.371
0.478

0.598

0.0690

0.0923
0.119

0.149
0.183
0.260

0.351
0.455

0.572
0.703

16.5
18.0
19.5
23.6
28.1

11.5
12.5
13.6
16.4
19.5

22.344 7.759327
23.315 8.448720
24.286 9.167447
26.715 11.0926
29.144 13.2011

20.879
21.787
22.694
24.964
27.233

6.775339
7.377307
8.004891
9.685918
11.5

33.0
38.3
44.0
50.0
56.5

22.9
26.5
30.5
34.7
39.2

31.572
34.001
36.430
38.858
41.287

15.4930
17.9682
20.6268
23.4687
26.4939

29.503
31.772
34.042
36.311
38.580

13.5
15.7
18.0
20.5
23.1

63.3
70.6
78.2
94.6
113

43.9
48.9
54.2
65.5
78.0

43.716
46.144
48.573
53.430
58.288

29.7025
33.0945
36.6698
44.3704
52.8045

13.8

25.9
28.9
32.0
38.7
46.1

13.8

17.0
20.6
24.5

40.850
43.119
45.389
49.928
54.467

132
153
176

91.5
106
121

63.145
68.002
72.859
77.717
82.574

62
72
83
94
106

28.7
33.3
38.2
43.3
48.8

59.005
63.544
68.083
72.622
77.161

54.1
62.8
72.0
82.0
92.5

28.6
33.1
38.0
43.2
48.7

87.431
92.289
97.146
102
107

119
132
147
162
177

54.7
60.8
67.1
73.8
81.0

81.700
86.239
90.778
95
100

104
116
128
141
155

54.7
61.0
67.6
74.5
81.7

112
117
121

194
211
229

88.6
96.7
106

104
109
113

169
184
200

89.2
97.0
105

4.38
6.23

8.43
11.0

4.30
6.19

8.39
10.9

17.0
20.5
24.4

For Laminar Flow:


V =
0.010 ft/sec
(or Less)
For Critical Zone Flow:
V =
0.020 ft/sec
(or Less)

36 Inch
36.0000 inches
Steel Pipe Cast Iron Pipe
e/d = 0.000050
0.000133
hf, ft per 100' hf, ft per 100'
V2/2g
pipe
pipe
ft
I. D. =

V
ft/sec

42 Inch
42.0000 inches
Steel Pipe Cast Iron Pipe
e/d = 0.000043
0.000114
hf, ft per 100' hf, ft per 100'
V2/2g
pipe
pipe
ft
I. D. =

V
ft/sec

0.315
0.347
0.378

0.00154
0.00187
0.00222

0.410
0.441
0.473
0.504
0.536

0.00261
0.00303
0.00347
0.00395
0.00446

0.567
0.599
0.630
0.662
0.693

0.00500
0.00557
0.00618
0.00681
0.00747

0.725
0.756
0.788
0.820
0.851

0.00817
0.00889
0.00965
0.01044
0.01126

0.883
0.914
0.946
0.977
1.009

0.01211
0.01299
0.01390
0.01484
0.01581

1.040
1.072
1.103
1.135
1.166

0.01682
0.01785
0.01892
0.02001
0.02114

0.000988

0.00101

0.00137

0.00140

0.00181

0.00186

0.232 0.000833
0.255 0.001009
0.278 0.001200

0.000471

0.00481

0.301
0.324
0.347
0.371
0.394

0.001409
0.001634
0.001875
0.002134
0.002409

0.000977

0.00098

0.002701
0.003009
0.003334
0.003676
0.004034

0.00164

0.00168

0.00231

0.00237

0.00285

0.00295

0.00344

0.00357

0.417
0.440
0.463
0.486
0.509

0.00538

0.533
0.556
0.579
0.602
0.625

0.004409
0.004801
0.005209
0.005634
0.006076

0.00246

0.00252

0.00751

0.648
0.672
0.695
0.718
0.741

0.006535
0.007010
0.007501
0.008010
0.008535

0.00343

0.00353

0.0101

0.764
0.787
0.811
0.834
0.857

0.009077
0.009635
0.010210
0.010802
0.011411

0.00454

0.00470

0.00517

0.00721

0.00957

1.198
1.229
1.261
1.292
1.324

0.02230
0.02349
0.02471
0.02596
0.02724

1.355
1.387
1.418
1.450
1.481

0.02855
0.02989
0.03127
0.03267
0.03411

1.513
1.544
1.576
1.734
1.891

0.03558
0.03708
0.03860
0.04671
0.05559

2.049
2.206
2.364
2.522
2.679

0.06524
0.07566
0.08686
0.09883
0.11157

2.837
2.994
3.152
3.467
3.782

0.12508
0.13936
0.15442
0.18684
0.22236

4.098
4.413
4.728
5.043
5.358

0.26096
0.30265
0.34743
0.39530
0.44626

5.674
5.989
6.304
6.934
7.565

0.50031
0.55744
0.61766
0.74737
0.88943

8.195
8.826
9.456
10.086
10.717

1.04385
1.21062
1.38974
1.58121
1.78504

11.347
11.978
12.608
13.238
13.869

2.00122
2.22976
2.47065
2.72389
2.98948

0.0129

0.880
0.903
0.926
0.949
0.973

0.012036
0.012677
0.013336
0.014011
0.014703

0.00580

0.00602

0.0161

0.996
1.019
1.042
1.065
1.088

0.015411
0.016136
0.016878
0.017637
0.018412

0.00720

0.00750

0.0185

0.0196

0.00915

0.0276

0.019204
0.020012
0.020837
0.025213
0.030006

0.00874

0.0260

1.112
1.135
1.158
1.274
1.389

0.0122

0.0128

0.0345

0.0369

0.0172

0.0475

0.035215
0.040841
0.046884
0.053344
0.060220

0.0162

0.0442

1.505
1.621
1.737
1.853
1.968

0.0208

0.0222

0.0551

0.0593

0.0276

0.0724

0.0314

0.0337

0.0942

0.103

0.067513
0.075223
0.083350
0.100853
0.120023

0.0258

0.0670

2.084
2.200
2.316
2.547
2.779

0.0441

0.0477

0.126

0.139

0.0641

0.180

0.140861
0.163365
0.187536
0.213375
0.240880

0.0591

0.162

3.010
3.242
3.474
3.705
3.937

0.0758

0.0829

0.203

0.227

0.104

0.279

0.270053
0.300892
0.333398
0.403412
0.480093

0.0944

0.248

4.168
4.400
4.632
5.095
5.558

0.115

0.127

0.617

6.021
6.484
6.947
7.410
7.874

0.563443
0.653460
0.750146
0.853499
0.963521

0.250

0.279

1.08

8.337
8.800
9.263
9.726
10.189

1.08
1.20
1.33
1.47
1.61

0.433

0.490

0.0122

0.0152

0.540

0.941

14.499
15.130
15.760
17.336
18.912

3.26743
3.55773
3.86038
4.67106
5.55895

20.488 6.52405
22.064 7.56635
23.640 8.68586
25.216 9.88258
26.792 11.15651
28.368
29.944
31.520
34.672
37.824

12.50764
13.93598
15.44153
18.68425
22.23581

40.976
44.128
47.280
50.432
53.584

26.09619
30.26540
34.74345
39.53032
44.62603

56.736
59.888
63.040
66.192
69.344

50.03057
55.74393
61.76613
68.09716
74.73702

72.496 81.68571
75.648 88.94323
78.800 96.50958
94.560
139
110
189
126

247

1.45

1.68

2.07

2.40

2.81

3.25

3.66

4.23

4.59

5.34

5.64

6.58

8.05

9.50

10.9

12.9

14.2

16.8

17.9

21.3

22.1

26.3

34.3
49.4
67.0

41.0
58.8
80.0

87.3

105

10.652
11.116
11.6
12.7
13.9

1.76
1.92
2.08
2.52
3.00

15.1
16.2
17.4
18.5
19.7

3.52
4.08
4.69
5.33
6.02

20.8
22.0
23.2
25.5
27.8

6.75
7.52
8.33
10.09
12.0

30.1
32.4
34.7
37.1
39.4

14.1
16.3
18.8
21.3
24.1

41.7
44.0
46.3
48.6
50.9

27.0
30.1
33.3
36.8
40.3

53.3
55.6
57.9
69.5
81.1
92.6
104.2
115.8

0.668

0.760

0.946

1.09

1.27

1.48

1.66

1.92

2.08

2.42

2.57

2.98

3.67

4.30

4.98

5.82

6.46

7.58

8.12

9.58

10.00

11.8

44.1
48.0
52.1
75.0
102

15.6
22.3
30.4

18.4
26.5
36.1

133
169
208

39.6
50.1
67.7

47.2
59.7
73.6

For Laminar Flow:


V = #DIV/0! ft/sec
(or Less)

For Laminar Flow:


V = #DIV/0! ft/sec
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V = #DIV/0! ft/sec
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V = #DIV/0! ft/sec
(or Less)

48 Inch
48.0000 inches
Steel Pipe Cast Iron Pipe
e/d = 0.000038
0.000100
hf, ft per 100' hf, ft per 100'
V2/2g
pipe
pipe
ft
I. D. =

V
ft/sec

54 Inch
54.0000
Steel Pipe
e/d = 0.000033
hf, ft per 100'
V2/2g
pipe
ft
I. D. =

V
ft/sec

0.266
0.284
0.301

0.00110
0.00125
0.00141

0.319
0.337
0.355
0.372
0.390

0.00158
0.00176
0.00195
0.00215
0.00236

0.408
0.426
0.443
0.461
0.479

0.00258
0.00281
0.00305
0.00330
0.00356

0.496
0.514
0.532
0.550
0.567

0.00383
0.00411
0.00440
0.00470
0.00500

0.585
0.603
0.621
0.638
0.656

0.00532
0.00565
0.00599
0.00633
0.00669

0.000508

0.000521

0.000855

0.000883

0.00129

0.00180

0.00238

0.280
0.294
0.308

0.00122
0.00135
0.00148

0.000488

0.00133

0.322
0.336
0.350
0.364
0.378

0.00161
0.00176
0.00191
0.00206
0.00222

0.000733

0.00185

0.392
0.406
0.420
0.434
0.448

0.00239
0.00257
0.00275
0.00293
0.00312

0.00102

0.00245

0.462
0.476
0.490
0.504
0.518

0.00332
0.00353
0.00374
0.00395
0.00418

0.00134

0.674
0.691
0.709
0.727
0.745

0.00706
0.00743
0.00782
0.00821
0.00862

0.762
0.780
0.798
0.816
0.833

0.00903
0.00946
0.00989
0.01034
0.01079

0.851
0.869
0.886
0.975
1.064

0.01126
0.01173
0.01221
0.01478
0.01759

1.152
1.241
1.330
1.418
1.507

0.02064
0.02394
0.02748
0.03127
0.03530

1.596
1.684
1.773
1.950
2.128

0.03957
0.04409
0.04886
0.05912
0.07036

2.305
2.482
2.659
2.837
3.014

0.08257
0.09576
0.10993
0.12508
0.14120

3.191
3.369
3.546
3.901
4.255

0.15830
0.17638
0.19543
0.23647
0.28142

4.610
4.964
5.319
5.674
6.028

0.33028
0.38305
0.43972
0.50031
0.56480

6.383
6.737
7.092
7.447
7.801

0.63320
0.70551
0.78173
0.86185
0.94589

0.00314

0.532
0.546
0.560
0.574
0.588

0.00440
0.00464
0.00488
0.00513
0.00538

0.00172

0.00391

0.602
0.616
0.630
0.644
0.658

0.00564
0.00591
0.00618
0.00645
0.00674

0.00213

0.00458

0.00474
0.00667

0.00703
0.00732
0.00763
0.00923
0.01098

0.00257

0.00636

0.672
0.686
0.700
0.770
0.841

0.00844

0.00890

0.0108

0.0114

0.911
0.981
1.051
1.121
1.191

0.01289
0.01495
0.01716
0.01952
0.02204

0.0134

0.0142

0.0163

0.0173

0.0229

0.0224

1.261
1.331
1.401
1.541
1.681

0.02471
0.02753
0.03050
0.03691
0.04392

0.0305

0.0327

0.0391

0.0422

1.821
1.961
2.101
2.241
2.382

0.05155
0.05978
0.06863
0.07808
0.08815

0.0488

0.0529

0.0598

0.0648

2.522
2.662
2.802
3.082
3.362

0.09883
0.11011
0.12201
0.14763
0.17569

0.142

3.642
3.922
4.203
4.483
4.763

0.20619
0.23913
0.27452
0.31234
0.35260

0.0713

0.248

5.043
5.323
5.604
5.884
6.164

0.39530
0.44045
0.48803
0.53805
0.59051

0.124

0.00304

0.00378

0.128

0.222

0.00358

0.00476
0.00610

0.00760
0.00920
0.0129

0.0171
0.0219

0.0273
0.0333

8.156
8.510
8.865
9.751
10.638

1.03383
1.12569
1.22145
1.47795
1.75889

11.524
12.4
13.3
14.2
15.1

2.06425
2.39404
2.74826
3.12691
3.52999

16.0
16.8
17.7
19.5
21.3

3.95750
4.40943
4.88580
5.91181
7.03555

23.0 8.25700
24.8 9.57616
26.6 10.99304
28.4
12.5
30.1
14.1

0.341

0.384

0.484

0.548

0.652

0.742

0.849

0.968

1.06

1.22

1.30

1.50

1.87

2.15

2.51

2.92

3.26

3.81

4.11

4.83

5.05

5.97

31.9
33.7
35.5
37.2
39.0

15.8
17.6
19.5
21.5
23.6

40.8
42.6
44.3
53.2
62.1

25.8
28.1
30.5
44.0
59.9

7.88
11.3
15.3

70.9
79.8
88.6
97.5
106.4

78.2
98.9
122.1
148
176

20.0
25.2
31.1
37.6
44.7

6.444
6.724
7.004
7.705
8.405

0.64542
0.70276
0.76254
0.92268
1.09806

9.106
9.806
10.507
11.207
11.908

1.28870
1.49459
1.71573
1.95211
2.20375

12.6
13.3
14.0
15.4
16.8

2.47065
2.75279
3.05018
3.69072
4.39226

18.2
19.6
21.0
22.4
23.8

5.15480
5.97835
6.86290
7.80846
8.81502

25.2 9.88258
26.6 11.01115
28.0
12.2
29.4
13.5
30.8
14.8

0.189
0.267

0.358
0.465

0.586
0.715
1.02

1.38
1.80

2.26
2.77

9.28
13.4
18.2

32.2
33.6
35.0
42.0
49.0

16.1
17.6
19.1
27.5
37.4

4.32
6.19
8.40

23.7
29.9
36.8
44.5
53.0

56.0
63.0
70.0
77.0
84.1

48.8
61.8
76.3
92.3
109.8

11.00
13.9
17.0
20.6
24.5

91.1
98.1

129
149

28.7
33.2

For Laminar Flow:


V = #DIV/0! ft/sec
(or Less)

For Laminar Flow:


V = #DIV/0! ft/sec
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V = #DIV/0! ft/sec
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V = #DIV/0! ft/sec
(or Less)

Inch
inches
Cast Iron Pipe
0.000089
hf, ft per 100'
pipe

60 Inch
60.0000 inches
Steel Pipe Cast Iron Pipe
e/d = 0.000030
0.000080
hf, ft per 100' hf, ft per 100'
V2/2g
pipe
pipe
ft

72 Inch

I. D. =

V
ft/sec

I. D. =
e/d =
V
ft/sec

V2/2g
ft

0.000498

0.227 0.000800
0.238 0.000883
0.250 0.000969

0.000748

0.261
0.272
0.284
0.295
0.306

0.001059
0.001153
0.001251
0.001353
0.001459

0.00104

0.318
0.329
0.340
0.352
0.363

0.001569
0.001683
0.001801
0.001923
0.002049

0.00138

0.374
0.386
0.397
0.408
0.420

0.002179
0.002313
0.002451
0.002594
0.002740

0.000293

0.000440

0.000612

0.000810

0.000298

0.158 0.000386
0.165 0.000426
0.173 0.000467

0.000446

0.181
0.189
0.197
0.205
0.213

0.000511
0.000556
0.000603
0.000652
0.000704

0.000621

0.221
0.229
0.236
0.244
0.252

0.000757
0.000812
0.000869
0.000927
0.000988

0.008240

0.260
0.268
0.276
0.284
0.292

0.001051
0.001116
0.001182
0.001251
0.001321

0.00177

0.431
0.443
0.454
0.465
0.477

0.002890
0.003044
0.003202
0.003364
0.003530

0.00220

0.488
0.499
0.511
0.522
0.533

0.003700
0.003874
0.004052
0.004235
0.004421

0.00266

0.545
0.556
0.567
0.624
0.681

0.004611
0.004805
0.005003
0.006054
0.007204

0.738
0.794
0.851
0.908
0.965

0.008455
0.009806
0.011257
0.012808
0.014459

1.021
1.078
1.13
1.25
1.36

0.016210
0.018061
0.020012
0.024215
0.028818

1.48
1.59
1.70
1.82
1.93

0.033821
0.039224
0.045028
0.051231
0.057835

0.0360

2.04
2.16
2.27
2.50
2.72

0.064840
0.072244
0.080049
0.096859
0.115270

0.0782

2.95
3.18
3.40
3.63
3.86

0.135
0.157
0.180
0.205
0.231

0.137

4.08
4.31
4.54
4.77
4.99

0.259
0.289
0.320
0.353
0.387

0.00373

0.00499
0.00642

0.00800
0.00970
0.0137

0.0182
0.0234

0.0294

0.00105

0.299
0.307
0.315
0.323
0.331

0.001394
0.001468
0.001544
0.001622
0.001702

0.00131

0.339
0.347
0.355
0.362
0.370

0.001784
0.001868
0.001954
0.002042
0.002132

0.00155

0.00159

0.00216

0.00223

0.378
0.386
0.394
0.433
0.473

0.002224
0.002317
0.002413
0.002919
0.003474

0.00285

0.00297

0.00365

0.00382

0.512
0.552
0.591
0.630
0.670

0.004078
0.004729
0.005429
0.006177
0.006973

0.00454

0.00476

0.00550

0.00579

0.00766

0.00815

0.709
0.749
0.788
0.867
0.946

0.007817
0.008710
0.009651
0.011678
0.013897

0.0102

0.0108

0.0131

0.0140

1.024
1.103
1.182
1.261
1.340

0.016310
0.018916
0.021715
0.024706
0.027891

0.0163

0.0174

0.0198

0.0212

1.418
1.497
1.576
1.734
1.891

0.031269
0.034840
0.038604
0.046711
0.055590

0.0460

2.049
2.206
2.364
2.522
2.679

0.065240
0.075664
0.086859
0.098826
0.111565

0.0800

2.837
2.994
3.152
3.310
3.467

0.125076
0.139360
0.154415
0.170243
0.186843

0.00103

0.00128

0.0424

0.0730

5.22
5.45
5.67
6.24
6.81

0.423
0.461
0.500
0.605
0.720

7.38
7.94
8.51
9.08
9.65

0.846
0.981
1.126
1.28
1.45

10.21
10.78
11.3
12.5
13.6

1.62
1.81
2.00
2.42
2.88

14.8
15.9
17.0
18.2
19.3

3.38
3.92
4.50
5.12
5.78

20.4
21.6
22.7
23.8
25.0

6.48
7.22
8.00
8.83
9.69

5.01
7.23
9.82

26.1
27.2
28.4
34.0
39.7

10.59
11.53
12.5
18.0
24.5

2.52
3.60
4.88

12.8
16.2
20.0
24.2
28.8

45.4
51.1
56.7
62.4
68.1

32.0
40.5
50.0
60.5
72.0

33.7
39.0

73.8
79.4
85.1
90.8

84.6
98.1
112.6
128

0.211
0.301

0.408
0.530

0.668
0.820
1.18

1.59
2.07

2.62
3.22

3.625
3.782
3.940
4.334
4.728

0.204214
0.222358
0.241274
0.291941
0.347434

5.122
5.516
5.910
6.304
6.698

0.407753
0.472897
0.542866
0.617661
0.697282

7.092
7.486
7.880
8.668
9.456

0.781728
0.870999
0.965096
1.167766
1.39

10.244
11.032
11.820
12.6
13.4

1.63
1.89
2.17
2.47
2.79

14.2
15.0
15.8
16.5
17.3

3.13
3.48
3.86
4.26
4.67

2.92
4.20
5.71

18.1
18.9
19.7
23.6
27.6

5.11
5.56
6.03
8.69
11.8

6.34
8.01
9.87
11.9
14.1

7.42
9.40
11.6
14.0
16.7

31.5
35.5
39.4
43.3
47.3

15.4
19.5
24.1
29.2
34.7

16.6
19.2
22.0
25.0

19.6
22.7
26.0
29.6

51.2
55.2
59.1
63.0
67.0

40.8
47.3
54.3
61.8
69.7

70.9

78.2

0.112

0.124

0.158

0.176

0.213

0.237

0.275

0.307

0.344

0.387

0.420

0.478

0.600

0.688

0.806

0.930

1.04

1.20

1.32

1.52

1.62

1.87

For Laminar Flow:


V = #DIV/0! ft/sec
(or Less)

For Laminar Flow:


V = #DIV/0!
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V = #DIV/0! ft/sec
(or Less)

For Critical Zone Flow:


V = #DIV/0!
(or Less)

72 Inch
72.0000 inches
Steel Pipe Cast Iron Pipe
0.000025
0.000066
hf, ft per 100' hf, ft per 100'
pipe
pipe

84 Inch
84.0000 inches
Steel Pipe Cast Iron Pipe
e/d = 0.000021
0.000057
hf, ft per 100' hf, ft per 100'
V2/2g
pipe
pipe
ft
I. D. =

V
ft/sec

0.000123

0.000125

0.000254

0.000258

0.000336

0.000342

0.174 0.000469
0.179 0.000501
0.185 0.000533
0.191
0.197
0.203
0.208
0.214

0.000567
0.000602
0.000638
0.000675
0.000713

0.000121

0.000122

0.000435

0.220 0.000752
0.226 0.000792
0.232 0.000833
0.237 0.00088
0.243 0.00092

0.000540

0.249
0.255
0.261
0.266
0.272

0.00096
0.00101
0.00105
0.00110
0.00115

0.000640

0.000656

0.000890

0.000913

0.278
0.284
0.289
0.318
0.347

0.00120
0.00125
0.00130
0.00158
0.00188

0.00118

0.00121

0.00150

0.00155

0.376
0.405
0.434
0.463
0.492

0.00220
0.00255
0.00293
0.00333
0.00376

0.00186

0.00193

0.00227

0.00235

0.00313

0.00329

0.521
0.550
0.579
0.637
0.695

0.00422
0.00470
0.00521
0.00630
0.00750

0.00418

0.00438

0.00538

0.00563

0.753
0.811
0.868
0.926
0.984

0.00880
0.01021
0.01172
0.0133
0.0151

0.00673

0.00703

0.00822

0.00859

1.042
1.100
1.16
1.27
1.39

0.0169
0.0188
0.0208
0.0252
0.0300

0.0184

1.51
1.62
1.74
1.85
1.97

0.0320

2.08
2.20
2.32
2.43
2.55

0.000427

0.000530

0.0173

0.0297

0.000203

0.000206

0.000308

0.000309

0.000425

0.000432

0.000562

0.000573

0.000717

0.000731

0.000891

0.000910

0.00108

0.00110

0.00150

0.00154

0.00199

0.00205

0.00255

0.00262

0.00316

0.00327

0.00384

0.00400

0.0352
0.0408
0.0469
0.0533
0.0602

0.00810

0.00858

0.0675
0.0752
0.0833
0.0919
0.1009

0.0139

0.0148

0.0450

0.0493

0.0637

0.0700

0.0850

0.0940

0.110

0.122

0.138

0.154

0.168

0.189

0.237

0.271

0.321

0.365

0.414

0.475

0.522

0.600

0.642

0.736

2.66
2.78
2.89
3.18
3.47

0.110
0.120
0.130
0.158
0.188

3.76
4.05
4.34
4.63
4.92

0.220
0.255
0.293
0.333
0.376

5.21
5.50
5.79
6.37
6.95

0.422
0.470
0.521
0.630
0.750

7.53
8.11
8.68
9.26
9.84

0.880
1.021
1.172
1.33
1.51

10.42
11.00
11.6
12.2
12.7

1.69
1.88
2.08
2.30
2.52

0.0212

0.0226

0.0298

0.0321

0.0398

0.0431

0.0513

0.0558

0.0640

0.0700

0.0781

0.0660

0.111

0.122

0.149

0.166

0.193

0.216

0.242

0.272

0.297

0.334

2.76
3.00
3.26
4.69
6.38

0.458
0.649
0.880

0.516
0.740
1.00

1.00
1.42
1.92

1.14
1.64
2.23

13.3
13.9
14.5
17.4
20.3

2.50
3.16
3.88
4.69
5.56

2.90
3.66
4.52
5.47
6.50

23.2
26.1
28.9
31.8
34.7

8.33
10.5
13.0
15.8
18.8

1.14
1.44
1.78
2.14
2.54

1.30
1.65
2.04
2.47
2.94

6.52
7.56
8.67
9.83
11.1

7.61
8.81
10.1
11.5
13.0

37.6
40.5
43.4
46.3
49.2

22.0
25.5
29.3
33.3
37.6

2.97
3.43
3.93
4.47
5.04

3.45
4.00
4.58
5.20
5.87

12.4

14.6

52.1
55.0
57.9

42.2
47.0
52.1

5.64
6.29
6.95

6.58
7.32
8.10

ft/sec

For Laminar Flow:


V = #DIV/0! ft/sec
(or Less)

ft/sec

For Critical Zone Flow:


V = #DIV/0! ft/sec
(or Less)

al Zone Flow:

From: Crane Tech Paper #410

Physical Properties of Water


Saturation
Temperature
Specific
Pressure
o
F
Volume ft3/lb
psia
32
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
212
220
240
260
280
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700

0.08859
0.12163
0.17796
0.25611
0.36292
0.50683
0.69813
0.94924
1.2750
1.6927
2.2230
2.8892
3.7184
4.7414
5.9926
7.5110
9.340
11.526
14.123
14.696
17.186
24.968
35.427
49.200
67.005
134.604
247.259
422.55
680.86
1,045.43
1,543.2
2,208.4
3,094.3

0.016022
0.016019
0.016023
0.016033
0.016050
0.016072
0.016099
0.016130
0.016165
0.016204
0.016247
0.016293
0.016343
0.016395
0.016451
0.016510
0.016572
0.016637
0.016705
0.016719
0.016775
0.016926
0.017089
0.017264
0.01745
0.01799
0.01864
0.01943
0.02043
0.02176
0.02364
0.02674
0.03662

Density
lb/ft3
62.214
62.426
62.410
62.371
62.305
62.220
62.116
61.996
61.862
61.713
61.550
61.376
61.188
60.994
60.787
60.569
60.343
60.107
59.862
59.812
59.613
59.081
58.517
57.924
57.307
55.586
53.648
51.467
48.948
45.956
42.301
37.397
27.307

lb/ gallon
8.3168
8.3451
8.3430
8.3378
8.3290
8.3176
8.3037
8.2877
8.2697
8.2499
8.2280
8.2048
8.1796
8.1537
8.1260
8.0969
8.0667
8.0351
8.0024
7.9957
7.9691
7.8980
7.8226
7.7433
7.6608
7.4308
7.1717
6.8801
6.5434
6.1434
5.6548
4.9993
3.6504

Note: Viscosity data taken from the NIST Internet database.

Absolute
Viscosity
Centipoise
(m)
1.791
1.545
1.306
1.121
0.975
0.857
0.761
0.681
0.614
0.557
0.508
0.466
0.430
0.398
0.370
0.345
0.323
0.303
0.285
0.300
0.269
0.242
0.219
0.200
0.184
0.153
0.131
0.115
0.102
0.091
0.080
0.069
0.051

60 oF is the conventional reference temperature


of water for the Specific Gravity of liquids

onventional reference temperature


or the Specific Gravity of liquids

Water Phase Data


Data on Saturation Curve
7.57

5.57

6.14

Temperatur Pressure Density


e (F)
(psia)
(lbm/ft3)

212.99
216.27
219.39
222.36
225.20
227.92
230.53
233.03
235.45
237.78
240.03
242.21
244.32
246.37
248.36
250.30
252.18
254.02
255.80
257.55
259.25
260.91
262.54
264.13
265.69
267.22
268.71
270.18
271.62
273.03
274.41
275.77
277.11
278.42
279.72
280.99
282.24
283.47
284.68
285.87
287.05
288.21
289.35
290.48
291.59

15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59

59.803
59.721
59.641
59.565
59.492
59.421
59.352
59.285
59.220
59.158
59.096
59.037
58.978
58.922
58.866
58.812
58.759
58.707
58.656
58.606
58.557
58.508
58.461
58.415
58.369
58.324
58.280
58.236
58.193
58.151
58.109
58.068
58.028
57.988
57.948
57.909
57.871
57.833
57.796
57.759
57.722
57.686
57.650
57.615
57.580

7.71

6.43

Volume
(ft3/lbm)

Internal
Energy
(Btu/lbm)

0.016722
0.016745
0.016767
0.016788
0.016809
0.016829
0.016849
0.016868
0.016886
0.016904
0.016922
0.016939
0.016955
0.016972
0.016988
0.017003
0.017019
0.017034
0.017049
0.017063
0.017078
0.017092
0.017105
0.017119
0.017132
0.017146
0.017159
0.017171
0.017184
0.017197
0.017209
0.017221
0.017233
0.017245
0.017257
0.017268
0.017280
0.017291
0.017302
0.017313
0.017324
0.017335
0.017346
0.017357
0.017367

181.28
184.59
187.73
190.73
193.59
196.34
198.97
201.51
203.95
206.31
208.58
210.79
212.93
215.01
217.02
218.99
220.90
222.76
224.57
226.34
228.07
229.76
231.42
233.04
234.62
236.17
237.70
239.19
240.65
242.09
243.51
244.89
246.26
247.60
248.92
250.22
251.49
252.75
253.99
255.21
256.42
257.60
258.77
259.93
261.06

6.29

7.29

7.43

7.43

6.71

Enthalpy
Entropy
Cv
Cp
Sound
(Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd. (ft/s)

181.33
184.64
187.79
190.79
193.65
196.40
199.04
201.57
204.02
206.38
208.66
210.87
213.01
215.09
217.11
219.08
220.99
222.86
224.68
226.45
228.18
229.88
231.54
233.16
234.75
236.30
237.83
239.32
240.79
242.23
243.65
245.04
246.41
247.75
249.07
250.38
251.66
252.92
254.16
255.39
256.59
257.78
258.95
260.11
261.25

0.31391
0.31882
0.32346
0.32787
0.33206
0.33605
0.33988
0.34354
0.34706
0.35045
0.35371
0.35686
0.35990
0.36285
0.36570
0.36847
0.37115
0.37376
0.37630
0.37878
0.38119
0.38354
0.38583
0.38807
0.39026
0.39240
0.39449
0.39654
0.39854
0.40051
0.40243
0.40432
0.40617
0.40799
0.40978
0.41153
0.41326
0.41495
0.41662
0.41826
0.41987
0.42146
0.42302
0.42456
0.42608

0.89993
0.89767
0.89553
0.89350
0.89156
0.88971
0.88794
0.88625
0.88462
0.88305
0.88155
0.88009
0.87868
0.87732
0.87600
0.87472
0.87348
0.87228
0.87111
0.86997
0.86886
0.86778
0.86672
0.86570
0.86469
0.86371
0.86275
0.86182
0.86090
0.86000
0.85912
0.85826
0.85742
0.85659
0.85577
0.85498
0.85420
0.85343
0.85267
0.85193
0.85120
0.85048
0.84978
0.84908
0.84840

1.0077
1.0082
1.0087
1.0092
1.0097
1.0102
1.0107
1.0112
1.0116
1.0121
1.0125
1.0130
1.0134
1.0139
1.0143
1.0147
1.0152
1.0156
1.0160
1.0164
1.0168
1.0172
1.0176
1.0180
1.0184
1.0188
1.0192
1.0196
1.0200
1.0204
1.0208
1.0212
1.0215
1.0219
1.0223
1.0227
1.0230
1.0234
1.0238
1.0241
1.0245
1.0249
1.0252
1.0256
1.0259

5,061.3
5,055.7
5,050.2
5,044.7
5,039.1
5,033.6
5,028.1
5,022.7
5,017.3
5,011.9
5,006.5
5,001.2
4,996.0
4,990.7
4,985.6
4,980.4
4,975.4
4,970.3
4,965.3
4,960.4
4,955.5
4,950.6
4,945.8
4,941.0
4,936.2
4,931.5
4,926.9
4,922.2
4,917.7
4,913.1
4,908.6
4,904.1
4,899.6
4,895.2
4,890.9
4,886.5
4,882.2
4,877.9
4,873.7
4,869.4
4,865.2
4,861.1
4,857.0
4,852.8
4,848.8

7.71
JouleThomson
(F/psia)

-0.00221
-0.00219
-0.00218
-0.00217
-0.00216
-0.00214
-0.00213
-0.00212
-0.00211
-0.00210
-0.00209
-0.00208
-0.00207
-0.00206
-0.00205
-0.00204
-0.00204
-0.00203
-0.00202
-0.00201
-0.00200
-0.00199
-0.00199
-0.00198
-0.00197
-0.00196
-0.00196
-0.00195
-0.00194
-0.00193
-0.00193
-0.00192
-0.00191
-0.00191
-0.00190
-0.00189
-0.00189
-0.00188
-0.00187
-0.00187
-0.00186
-0.00185
-0.00185
-0.00184
-0.00184

292.68
293.77
294.83
295.89
296.93
297.95
298.97
299.97
300.96
301.94
302.91
303.86
304.81
305.74
306.67
307.58
308.49
309.39
310.27
311.15
312.02
312.88
313.73
314.57
315.41
316.24
317.06
317.87
318.67
319.47
320.26
321.05
321.82
322.59
323.36
324.11
324.86
325.61
326.35
327.08
327.81
328.53
329.24
329.95
330.65
331.35
332.05
332.74
333.42
334.10
334.77
335.44

60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111

57.545
57.511
57.477
57.443
57.410
57.377
57.345
57.313
57.281
57.249
57.218
57.186
57.156
57.125
57.095
57.065
57.035
57.005
56.976
56.947
56.918
56.890
56.861
56.833
56.805
56.777
56.750
56.722
56.695
56.668
56.641
56.615
56.588
56.562
56.536
56.510
56.484
56.459
56.433
56.408
56.383
56.358
56.333
56.309
56.284
56.260
56.236
56.211
56.188
56.164
56.140
56.117

0.017378
0.017388
0.017398
0.017408
0.017419
0.017428
0.017438
0.017448
0.017458
0.017468
0.017477
0.017487
0.017496
0.017505
0.017515
0.017524
0.017533
0.017542
0.017551
0.017560
0.017569
0.017578
0.017587
0.017595
0.017604
0.017613
0.017621
0.017630
0.017638
0.017647
0.017655
0.017663
0.017671
0.017680
0.017688
0.017696
0.017704
0.017712
0.017720
0.017728
0.017736
0.017744
0.017752
0.017759
0.017767
0.017775
0.017782
0.017790
0.017798
0.017805
0.017813
0.017820

262.19
263.29
264.39
265.47
266.54
267.59
268.63
269.66
270.68
271.69
272.68
273.66
274.64
275.60
276.55
277.49
278.43
279.35
280.26
281.17
282.06
282.95
283.83
284.70
285.56
286.41
287.26
288.10
288.93
289.76
290.57
291.38
292.19
292.98
293.78
294.56
295.34
296.11
296.87
297.63
298.39
299.13
299.87
300.61
301.34
302.07
302.79
303.50
304.21
304.92
305.62
306.31

262.38
263.49
264.59
265.67
266.74
267.80
268.85
269.88
270.90
271.91
272.91
273.89
274.87
275.84
276.79
277.74
278.67
279.60
280.52
281.42
282.32
283.21
284.09
284.97
285.83
286.69
287.54
288.38
289.22
290.05
290.87
291.68
292.49
293.29
294.08
294.87
295.65
296.43
297.19
297.96
298.71
299.46
300.21
300.95
301.68
302.41
303.14
303.86
304.57
305.28
305.98
306.68

0.42757
0.42904
0.43049
0.43193
0.43334
0.43473
0.43610
0.43746
0.43880
0.44012
0.44143
0.44271
0.44399
0.44525
0.44649
0.44772
0.44893
0.45013
0.45132
0.45250
0.45366
0.45481
0.45594
0.45707
0.45818
0.45928
0.46037
0.46145
0.46252
0.46358
0.46463
0.46567
0.46670
0.46772
0.46873
0.46973
0.47072
0.47170
0.47268
0.47364
0.47460
0.47555
0.47649
0.47742
0.47835
0.47927
0.48018
0.48108
0.48198
0.48286
0.48375
0.48462

0.84773
0.84707
0.84642
0.84577
0.84514
0.84452
0.84390
0.84330
0.84270
0.84211
0.84153
0.84096
0.84039
0.83983
0.83928
0.83873
0.83820
0.83767
0.83714
0.83662
0.83611
0.83560
0.83510
0.83461
0.83412
0.83364
0.83316
0.83268
0.83222
0.83175
0.83129
0.83084
0.83039
0.82995
0.82951
0.82908
0.82864
0.82822
0.82780
0.82738
0.82696
0.82655
0.82615
0.82574
0.82535
0.82495
0.82456
0.82417
0.82379
0.82340
0.82303
0.82265

1.0263
1.0266
1.0270
1.0273
1.0277
1.0280
1.0284
1.0287
1.0291
1.0294
1.0297
1.0301
1.0304
1.0307
1.0311
1.0314
1.0317
1.0321
1.0324
1.0327
1.0331
1.0334
1.0337
1.0340
1.0344
1.0347
1.0350
1.0353
1.0356
1.0360
1.0363
1.0366
1.0369
1.0372
1.0375
1.0379
1.0382
1.0385
1.0388
1.0391
1.0394
1.0397
1.0400
1.0403
1.0406
1.0409
1.0412
1.0416
1.0419
1.0422
1.0425
1.0428

4,844.7
4,840.7
4,836.7
4,832.7
4,828.8
4,824.9
4,821.0
4,817.1
4,813.3
4,809.4
4,805.6
4,801.9
4,798.1
4,794.4
4,790.7
4,787.0
4,783.3
4,779.6
4,776.0
4,772.4
4,768.8
4,765.2
4,761.7
4,758.2
4,754.6
4,751.1
4,747.7
4,744.2
4,740.8
4,737.3
4,733.9
4,730.5
4,727.2
4,723.8
4,720.5
4,717.1
4,713.8
4,710.5
4,707.2
4,704.0
4,700.7
4,697.5
4,694.3
4,691.1
4,687.9
4,684.7
4,681.5
4,678.4
4,675.2
4,672.1
4,669.0
4,665.9

-0.00183
-0.00182
-0.00182
-0.00181
-0.00181
-0.00180
-0.00179
-0.00179
-0.00178
-0.00178
-0.00177
-0.00177
-0.00176
-0.00176
-0.00175
-0.00174
-0.00174
-0.00173
-0.00173
-0.00172
-0.00172
-0.00171
-0.00171
-0.00170
-0.00170
-0.00169
-0.00169
-0.00168
-0.00168
-0.00167
-0.00167
-0.00166
-0.00166
-0.00165
-0.00165
-0.00164
-0.00164
-0.00163
-0.00163
-0.00162
-0.00162
-0.00161
-0.00161
-0.00160
-0.00160
-0.00159
-0.00159
-0.00159
-0.00158
-0.00158
-0.00157
-0.00157

336.10
336.76
337.42
338.07
338.71
339.35
339.99
340.62
341.25
341.88
342.50
343.11
343.72
344.33
344.94
345.54
346.13
346.73
347.32
347.90
348.49
349.07
349.64
350.21
350.78
351.35
351.91
352.47
353.03
353.58
354.13
354.68
355.22
355.76
356.30
356.83
357.37
357.89
358.42
358.94
359.47
359.98
360.50
361.01
361.52
362.03
362.54
363.04
363.54
364.04
364.53
365.03

112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163

56.093
56.070
56.047
56.024
56.001
55.978
55.955
55.933
55.910
55.888
55.866
55.844
55.822
55.800
55.778
55.756
55.735
55.713
55.692
55.671
55.649
55.628
55.607
55.586
55.566
55.545
55.524
55.504
55.483
55.463
55.443
55.423
55.402
55.382
55.363
55.343
55.323
55.303
55.284
55.264
55.245
55.225
55.206
55.187
55.167
55.148
55.129
55.110
55.092
55.073
55.054
55.035

0.017827
0.017835
0.017842
0.017850
0.017857
0.017864
0.017871
0.017879
0.017886
0.017893
0.017900
0.017907
0.017914
0.017921
0.017928
0.017935
0.017942
0.017949
0.017956
0.017963
0.017970
0.017976
0.017983
0.017990
0.017997
0.018003
0.018010
0.018017
0.018023
0.018030
0.018037
0.018043
0.018050
0.018056
0.018063
0.018069
0.018076
0.018082
0.018089
0.018095
0.018101
0.018108
0.018114
0.018120
0.018127
0.018133
0.018139
0.018145
0.018152
0.018158
0.018164
0.018170

307.00
307.69
308.37
309.05
309.72
310.39
311.05
311.71
312.36
313.02
313.66
314.31
314.94
315.58
316.21
316.84
317.46
318.08
318.70
319.31
319.92
320.52
321.13
321.73
322.32
322.91
323.50
324.09
324.67
325.25
325.83
326.40
326.97
327.54
328.10
328.66
329.22
329.78
330.33
330.88
331.43
331.97
332.51
333.05
333.59
334.12
334.66
335.19
335.71
336.24
336.76
337.28

307.37
308.06
308.75
309.43
310.10
310.77
311.44
312.10
312.76
313.42
314.07
314.71
315.36
315.99
316.63
317.26
317.89
318.51
319.13
319.75
320.36
320.97
321.57
322.17
322.77
323.37
323.96
324.55
325.14
325.72
326.30
326.88
327.45
328.02
328.59
329.15
329.72
330.28
330.83
331.39
331.94
332.48
333.03
333.57
334.11
334.65
335.19
335.72
336.25
336.78
337.30
337.83

0.48549
0.48635
0.48721
0.48805
0.48890
0.48973
0.49056
0.49139
0.49221
0.49302
0.49383
0.49463
0.49542
0.49621
0.49700
0.49778
0.49855
0.49932
0.50008
0.50084
0.50160
0.50235
0.50309
0.50383
0.50457
0.50530
0.50602
0.50674
0.50746
0.50817
0.50888
0.50959
0.51029
0.51098
0.51168
0.51236
0.51305
0.51373
0.51440
0.51508
0.51575
0.51641
0.51707
0.51773
0.51838
0.51903
0.51968
0.52033
0.52097
0.52160
0.52224
0.52287

0.82228
0.82191
0.82155
0.82119
0.82083
0.82047
0.82012
0.81977
0.81942
0.81907
0.81873
0.81839
0.81806
0.81772
0.81739
0.81706
0.81674
0.81641
0.81609
0.81577
0.81545
0.81514
0.81483
0.81452
0.81421
0.81390
0.81360
0.81330
0.81300
0.81270
0.81241
0.81211
0.81182
0.81153
0.81125
0.81096
0.81068
0.81040
0.81012
0.80984
0.80956
0.80929
0.80902
0.80875
0.80848
0.80821
0.80794
0.80768
0.80742
0.80716
0.80690
0.80664

1.0431
1.0434
1.0437
1.0440
1.0443
1.0446
1.0449
1.0452
1.0455
1.0457
1.0460
1.0463
1.0466
1.0469
1.0472
1.0475
1.0478
1.0481
1.0484
1.0487
1.0490
1.0493
1.0495
1.0498
1.0501
1.0504
1.0507
1.0510
1.0513
1.0515
1.0518
1.0521
1.0524
1.0527
1.0530
1.0533
1.0535
1.0538
1.0541
1.0544
1.0547
1.0549
1.0552
1.0555
1.0558
1.0561
1.0563
1.0566
1.0569
1.0572
1.0575
1.0577

4,662.8
4,659.7
4,656.7
4,653.6
4,650.6
4,647.5
4,644.5
4,641.5
4,638.5
4,635.6
4,632.6
4,629.6
4,626.7
4,623.7
4,620.8
4,617.9
4,615.0
4,612.1
4,609.2
4,606.4
4,603.5
4,600.6
4,597.8
4,595.0
4,592.2
4,589.3
4,586.5
4,583.7
4,581.0
4,578.2
4,575.4
4,572.7
4,569.9
4,567.2
4,564.5
4,561.7
4,559.0
4,556.3
4,553.6
4,550.9
4,548.3
4,545.6
4,542.9
4,540.3
4,537.6
4,535.0
4,532.4
4,529.8
4,527.1
4,524.5
4,521.9
4,519.3

-0.00156
-0.00156
-0.00155
-0.00155
-0.00154
-0.00154
-0.00154
-0.00153
-0.00153
-0.00152
-0.00152
-0.00151
-0.00151
-0.00150
-0.00150
-0.00150
-0.00149
-0.00149
-0.00148
-0.00148
-0.00147
-0.00147
-0.00147
-0.00146
-0.00146
-0.00145
-0.00145
-0.00144
-0.00144
-0.00144
-0.00143
-0.00143
-0.00142
-0.00142
-0.00142
-0.00141
-0.00141
-0.00140
-0.00140
-0.00139
-0.00139
-0.00139
-0.00138
-0.00138
-0.00137
-0.00137
-0.00137
-0.00136
-0.00136
-0.00135
-0.00135
-0.00135

365.52
366.01
366.49
366.98
367.46
367.94
368.41
368.89
369.36
369.83
370.30
370.77
371.23
371.69
372.15
372.61
373.07
373.52
373.97
374.42
374.87
375.32
375.76
376.21
376.65
377.09
377.52
377.96
378.39
378.82
379.25
379.68
380.11
380.53
380.96
381.38
381.80

164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200

55.017
54.998
54.980
54.961
54.943
54.925
54.906
54.888
54.870
54.852
54.834
54.816
54.798
54.781
54.763
54.745
54.728
54.710
54.693
54.675
54.658
54.640
54.623
54.606
54.589
54.572
54.555
54.538
54.521
54.504
54.487
54.470
54.453
54.437
54.420
54.403
54.387

0.018176
0.018182
0.018189
0.018195
0.018201
0.018207
0.018213
0.018219
0.018225
0.018231
0.018237
0.018243
0.018249
0.018255
0.018261
0.018266
0.018272
0.018278
0.018284
0.018290
0.018296
0.018301
0.018307
0.018313
0.018319
0.018325
0.018330
0.018336
0.018342
0.018347
0.018353
0.018359
0.018364
0.018370
0.018376
0.018381
0.018387

337.79
338.31
338.82
339.33
339.84
340.34
340.85
341.35
341.85
342.35
342.84
343.33
343.82
344.31
344.80
345.28
345.76
346.24
346.72
347.20
347.67
348.15
348.62
349.09
349.55
350.02
350.48
350.94
351.40
351.86
352.32
352.77
353.22
353.67
354.12
354.57
355.02

338.35
338.86
339.38
339.89
340.41
340.91
341.42
341.93
342.43
342.93
343.43
343.92
344.42
344.91
345.40
345.89
346.37
346.86
347.34
347.82
348.30
348.77
349.25
349.72
350.19
350.66
351.13
351.59
352.05
352.52
352.98
353.43
353.89
354.34
354.80
355.25
355.70

0.52349
0.52412
0.52474
0.52535
0.52597
0.52658
0.52719
0.52779
0.52840
0.52900
0.52959
0.53019
0.53078
0.53136
0.53195
0.53253
0.53311
0.53369
0.53426
0.53483
0.53540
0.53597
0.53653
0.53709
0.53765
0.53821
0.53876
0.53931
0.53986
0.54041
0.54095
0.54150
0.54203
0.54257
0.54311
0.54364
0.54417

0.80638
0.80613
0.80587
0.80562
0.80537
0.80512
0.80488
0.80463
0.80438
0.80414
0.80390
0.80366
0.80342
0.80318
0.80295
0.80271
0.80248
0.80224
0.80201
0.80178
0.80155
0.80133
0.80110
0.80088
0.80065
0.80043
0.80021
0.79999
0.79977
0.79955
0.79933
0.79912
0.79890
0.79869
0.79847
0.79826
0.79805

1.0580
1.0583
1.0586
1.0588
1.0591
1.0594
1.0597
1.0599
1.0602
1.0605
1.0608
1.0610
1.0613
1.0616
1.0619
1.0621
1.0624
1.0627
1.0629
1.0632
1.0635
1.0638
1.0640
1.0643
1.0646
1.0648
1.0651
1.0654
1.0656
1.0659
1.0662
1.0664
1.0667
1.0670
1.0672
1.0675
1.0678

4,516.8
4,514.2
4,511.6
4,509.1
4,506.5
4,504.0
4,501.4
4,498.9
4,496.4
4,493.9
4,491.3
4,488.8
4,486.3
4,483.9
4,481.4
4,478.9
4,476.4
4,474.0
4,471.5
4,469.1
4,466.6
4,464.2
4,461.7
4,459.3
4,456.9
4,454.5
4,452.1
4,449.7
4,447.3
4,444.9
4,442.5
4,440.1
4,437.8
4,435.4
4,433.1
4,430.7
4,428.4

-0.00134
-0.00134
-0.00133
-0.00133
-0.00133
-0.00132
-0.00132
-0.00131
-0.00131
-0.00131
-0.00130
-0.00130
-0.00130
-0.00129
-0.00129
-0.00128
-0.00128
-0.00128
-0.00127
-0.00127
-0.00126
-0.00126
-0.00126
-0.00125
-0.00125
-0.00125
-0.00124
-0.00124
-0.00123
-0.00123
-0.00123
-0.00122
-0.00122
-0.00122
-0.00121
-0.00121
-0.00120

Steam Phase Data


Data on Saturation Curve
Temperatur Pressure Density
e (F)
(psia)
(lbm/ft3)

212.99
216.27
219.39
222.36
225.20
227.92
230.53
233.03

15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

0.0380
0.0404
0.0428
0.0451
0.0474
0.0498
0.0521
0.0544

Volume
(ft3/lbm)

Internal
Energy
(Btu/lbm)

Enthalpy
Entropy
Cv
Cp
Sound
(Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd. (ft/s)

JouleThomson
(F/psia)

26.2940
24.7530
23.3890
22.1710
21.0780
20.0910
19.1940
18.3770

1,078.4
1,079.3
1,080.2
1,081.0
1,081.8
1,082.6
1,083.3
1,084.0

1,151.4
1,152.7
1,153.8
1,154.9
1,156.0
1,157.0
1,157.9
1,158.8

0.82222
0.80388
0.78710
0.77164
0.75734
0.74405
0.73165
0.72004

1.7561
1.7509
1.7461
1.7415
1.7372
1.7331
1.7292
1.7254

0.37220
0.37337
0.37452
0.37564
0.37674
0.37782
0.37888
0.37993

0.49768
0.49949
0.50127
0.50301
0.50473
0.50641
0.50807
0.50971

1,550.1
1,553.1
1,556.0
1,558.7
1,561.2
1,563.6
1,565.9
1,568.0

235.45
237.78
240.03
242.21
244.32
246.37
248.36
250.30
252.18
254.02
255.80
257.55
259.25
260.91
262.54
264.13
265.69
267.22
268.71
270.18
271.62
273.03
274.41
275.77
277.11
278.42
279.72
280.99
282.24
283.47
284.68
285.87
287.05
288.21
289.35
290.48
291.59
292.68
293.77
294.83
295.89
296.93
297.95
298.97
299.97
300.96
301.94
302.91
303.86
304.81
305.74
306.67

23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74

0.0567
0.0590
0.0613
0.0636
0.0659
0.0682
0.0705
0.0727
0.0750
0.0773
0.0795
0.0818
0.0840
0.0863
0.0885
0.0908
0.0930
0.0952
0.0975
0.0997
0.1019
0.1041
0.1064
0.1086
0.1108
0.1130
0.1152
0.1174
0.1196
0.1218
0.1240
0.1262
0.1284
0.1306
0.1328
0.1350
0.1372
0.1394
0.1415
0.1437
0.1459
0.1481
0.1503
0.1524
0.1546
0.1568
0.1589
0.1611
0.1633
0.1654
0.1676
0.1698

17.6280
16.9400
16.3050
15.7180
15.1720
14.6650
14.1910
13.7470
13.3320
12.9410
12.5740
12.2270
11.8990
11.5900
11.2960
11.0170
10.7520
10.5000
10.2600
10.0300
9.8115
9.6022
9.4019
9.2101
9.0261
8.8495
8.6799
8.5168
8.3599
8.2089
8.0633
7.9230
7.7876
7.6569
7.5306
7.4085
7.2904
7.1761
7.0654
6.9582
6.8542
6.7534
6.6556
6.5607
6.4685
6.3789
6.2918
6.2071
6.1247
6.0446
5.9665
5.8905

1,084.6
1,085.2
1,085.8
1,086.4
1,087.0
1,087.5
1,088.0
1,088.5
1,089.0
1,089.5
1,090.0
1,090.4
1,090.8
1,091.3
1,091.7
1,092.1
1,092.5
1,092.8
1,093.2
1,093.6
1,093.9
1,094.3
1,094.6
1,094.9
1,095.2
1,095.6
1,095.9
1,096.2
1,096.5
1,096.7
1,097.0
1,097.3
1,097.6
1,097.8
1,098.1
1,098.4
1,098.6
1,098.9
1,099.1
1,099.4
1,099.6
1,099.8
1,100.0
1,100.3
1,100.5
1,100.7
1,100.9
1,101.1
1,101.3
1,101.5
1,101.7
1,101.9

1,159.7
1,160.5
1,161.3
1,162.1
1,162.8
1,163.6
1,164.2
1,164.9
1,165.6
1,166.2
1,166.8
1,167.4
1,168.0
1,168.5
1,169.1
1,169.6
1,170.1
1,170.6
1,171.1
1,171.6
1,172.0
1,172.5
1,172.9
1,173.4
1,173.8
1,174.2
1,174.6
1,175.0
1,175.4
1,175.8
1,176.2
1,176.5
1,176.9
1,177.2
1,177.6
1,177.9
1,178.3
1,178.6
1,178.9
1,179.2
1,179.5
1,179.9
1,180.2
1,180.5
1,180.7
1,181.0
1,181.3
1,181.6
1,181.9
1,182.1
1,182.4
1,182.7

1.7219
1.7185
1.7152
1.7121
1.7091
1.7062
1.7034
1.7007
1.6981
1.6955
1.6931
1.6907
1.6884
1.6861
1.6840
1.6818
1.6798
1.6777
1.6758
1.6739
1.6720
1.6701
1.6684
1.6666
1.6649
1.6632
1.6616
1.6599
1.6584
1.6568
1.6553
1.6538
1.6523
1.6509
1.6495
1.6481
1.6467
1.6454
1.6440
1.6427
1.6415
1.6402
1.6390
1.6377
1.6365
1.6353
1.6342
1.6330
1.6319
1.6308
1.6296
1.6286

0.38095
0.38196
0.38296
0.38394
0.38491
0.38586
0.38680
0.38774
0.38866
0.38957
0.39047
0.39136
0.39224
0.39311
0.39397
0.39483
0.39568
0.39651
0.39734
0.39817
0.39898
0.39979
0.40060
0.40139
0.40218
0.40296
0.40374
0.40451
0.40527
0.40603
0.40679
0.40753
0.40828
0.40901
0.40974
0.41047
0.41119
0.41191
0.41262
0.41333
0.41403
0.41473
0.41542
0.41611
0.41679
0.41747
0.41815
0.41882
0.41949
0.42015
0.42081
0.42147

0.51132
0.51291
0.51448
0.51603
0.51757
0.51908
0.52058
0.52207
0.52354
0.52499
0.52643
0.52786
0.52928
0.53068
0.53207
0.53346
0.53483
0.53619
0.53754
0.53887
0.54020
0.54153
0.54284
0.54414
0.54543
0.54672
0.54800
0.54927
0.55053
0.55178
0.55303
0.55427
0.55550
0.55673
0.55794
0.55916
0.56036
0.56156
0.56275
0.56394
0.56512
0.56630
0.56746
0.56863
0.56979
0.57094
0.57208
0.57323
0.57436
0.57549
0.57662
0.57774

1,570.1
1,572.1
1,574.0
1,575.8
1,577.5
1,579.2
1,580.8
1,582.3
1,583.8
1,585.3
1,586.7
1,588.0
1,589.3
1,590.6
1,591.8
1,593.0
1,594.2
1,595.3
1,596.4
1,597.4
1,598.5
1,599.5
1,600.4
1,601.4
1,602.3
1,603.2
1,604.1
1,605.0
1,605.8
1,606.7
1,607.5
1,608.3
1,609.0
1,609.8
1,610.5
1,611.2
1,611.9
1,612.6
1,613.3
1,614.0
1,614.6
1,615.3
1,615.9
1,616.5
1,617.1
1,617.7
1,618.3
1,618.9
1,619.4
1,620.0
1,620.5
1,621.0

0.70913
0.69886
0.68915
0.67996
0.67124
0.66294
0.65503
0.64748
0.64026
0.63334
0.62671
0.62033
0.61420
0.60830
0.60261
0.59711
0.59180
0.58667
0.58170
0.57688
0.57222
0.56769
0.56329
0.55901
0.55485
0.55081
0.54687
0.54303
0.53929
0.53564
0.53207
0.52860
0.52520
0.52188
0.51863
0.51546
0.51235
0.50931
0.50633
0.50342
0.50056
0.49775
0.49501
0.49231
0.48966
0.48707
0.48452
0.48201
0.47955
0.47714
0.47476
0.47242

307.58
308.49
309.39
310.27
311.15
312.02
312.88
313.73
314.57
315.41
316.24
317.06
317.87
318.67
319.47
320.26
321.05
321.82
322.59
323.36
324.11
324.86
325.61
326.35
327.08
327.81
328.53
329.24
329.95
330.65
331.35
332.05
332.74
333.42
334.10
334.77
335.44
336.10
336.76
337.42
338.07
338.71
339.35
339.99
340.62
341.25
341.88
342.50
343.11
343.72
344.33
344.94

75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126

0.1719
0.1741
0.1762
0.1784
0.1806
0.1827
0.1849
0.1870
0.1892
0.1913
0.1935
0.1956
0.1978
0.1999
0.2021
0.2042
0.2064
0.2085
0.2106
0.2128
0.2149
0.2171
0.2192
0.2213
0.2235
0.2256
0.2277
0.2299
0.2320
0.2341
0.2363
0.2384
0.2405
0.2427
0.2448
0.2469
0.2491
0.2512
0.2533
0.2554
0.2576
0.2597
0.2618
0.2639
0.2661
0.2682
0.2703
0.2724
0.2746
0.2767
0.2788
0.2809

5.8165
5.7443
5.6739
5.6053
5.5384
5.4730
5.4093
5.3470
5.2862
5.2267
5.1687
5.1119
5.0564
5.0021
4.9490
4.8970
4.8461
4.7963
4.7476
4.6998
4.6530
4.6071
4.5622
4.5181
4.4749
4.4326
4.3910
4.3502
4.3102
4.2709
4.2324
4.1946
4.1574
4.1209
4.0851
4.0498
4.0152
3.9812
3.9478
3.9149
3.8826
3.8508
3.8196
3.7888
3.7586
3.7288
3.6996
3.6707
3.6424
3.6144
3.5870
3.5599

1,102.1
1,102.3
1,102.5
1,102.7
1,102.9
1,103.1
1,103.2
1,103.4
1,103.6
1,103.8
1,103.9
1,104.1
1,104.3
1,104.4
1,104.6
1,104.7
1,104.9
1,105.0
1,105.2
1,105.4
1,105.5
1,105.6
1,105.8
1,105.9
1,106.1
1,106.2
1,106.3
1,106.5
1,106.6
1,106.8
1,106.9
1,107.0
1,107.1
1,107.3
1,107.4
1,107.5
1,107.6
1,107.8
1,107.9
1,108.0
1,108.1
1,108.2
1,108.3
1,108.5
1,108.6
1,108.7
1,108.8
1,108.9
1,109.0
1,109.1
1,109.2
1,109.3

1,182.9
1,183.2
1,183.4
1,183.7
1,183.9
1,184.1
1,184.4
1,184.6
1,184.8
1,185.1
1,185.3
1,185.5
1,185.7
1,185.9
1,186.1
1,186.4
1,186.6
1,186.8
1,187.0
1,187.2
1,187.4
1,187.5
1,187.7
1,187.9
1,188.1
1,188.3
1,188.5
1,188.7
1,188.8
1,189.0
1,189.2
1,189.3
1,189.5
1,189.7
1,189.8
1,190.0
1,190.2
1,190.3
1,190.5
1,190.6
1,190.8
1,191.0
1,191.1
1,191.3
1,191.4
1,191.5
1,191.7
1,191.8
1,192.0
1,192.1
1,192.3
1,192.4

1.6275
1.6264
1.6254
1.6243
1.6233
1.6223
1.6213
1.6203
1.6193
1.6184
1.6174
1.6165
1.6155
1.6146
1.6137
1.6128
1.6119
1.6110
1.6101
1.6093
1.6084
1.6076
1.6067
1.6059
1.6051
1.6043
1.6034
1.6026
1.6019
1.6011
1.6003
1.5995
1.5988
1.5980
1.5973
1.5965
1.5958
1.5950
1.5943
1.5936
1.5929
1.5922
1.5915
1.5908
1.5901
1.5894
1.5887
1.5881
1.5874
1.5867
1.5861
1.5854

0.42212
0.42277
0.42341
0.42405
0.42469
0.42532
0.42595
0.42658
0.42720
0.42782
0.42844
0.42905
0.42966
0.43027
0.43087
0.43147
0.43207
0.43266
0.43326
0.43384
0.43443
0.43501
0.43559
0.43617
0.43674
0.43731
0.43788
0.43845
0.43901
0.43957
0.44013
0.44068
0.44124
0.44179
0.44233
0.44288
0.44342
0.44396
0.44450
0.44504
0.44557
0.44610
0.44663
0.44715
0.44768
0.44820
0.44872
0.44924
0.44975
0.45027
0.45078
0.45129

0.57886
0.57997
0.58107
0.58218
0.58327
0.58437
0.58545
0.58654
0.58762
0.58869
0.58976
0.59083
0.59189
0.59295
0.59401
0.59506
0.59610
0.59715
0.59819
0.59922
0.60025
0.60128
0.60231
0.60333
0.60435
0.60536
0.60637
0.60738
0.60838
0.60938
0.61038
0.61137
0.61237
0.61335
0.61434
0.61532
0.61630
0.61728
0.61825
0.61922
0.62019
0.62115
0.62211
0.62307
0.62403
0.62498
0.62593
0.62688
0.62782
0.62877
0.62971
0.63064

1,621.6
1,622.1
1,622.6
1,623.1
1,623.6
1,624.0
1,624.5
1,625.0
1,625.4
1,625.9
1,626.3
1,626.7
1,627.2
1,627.6
1,628.0
1,628.4
1,628.8
1,629.2
1,629.6
1,630.0
1,630.3
1,630.7
1,631.1
1,631.4
1,631.8
1,632.1
1,632.5
1,632.8
1,633.2
1,633.5
1,633.8
1,634.1
1,634.4
1,634.8
1,635.1
1,635.4
1,635.7
1,636.0
1,636.2
1,636.5
1,636.8
1,637.1
1,637.4
1,637.6
1,637.9
1,638.2
1,638.4
1,638.7
1,638.9
1,639.2
1,639.4
1,639.7

0.47013
0.46787
0.46565
0.46346
0.46130
0.45919
0.45710
0.45504
0.45302
0.45102
0.44906
0.44712
0.44521
0.44333
0.44147
0.43964
0.43784
0.43606
0.43430
0.43256
0.43085
0.42916
0.42749
0.42585
0.42422
0.42261
0.42103
0.41946
0.41791
0.41638
0.41487
0.41337
0.41190
0.41044
0.40899
0.40756
0.40615
0.40476
0.40338
0.40201
0.40066
0.39932
0.39800
0.39669
0.39540
0.39412
0.39285
0.39159
0.39035
0.38912
0.38790
0.38670

345.54
346.13
346.73
347.32
347.90
348.49
349.07
349.64
350.21
350.78
351.35
351.91
352.47
353.03
353.58
354.13
354.68
355.22
355.76
356.30
356.83
357.37
357.89
358.42
358.94
359.47
359.98
360.50
361.01
361.52
362.03
362.54
363.04
363.54
364.04
364.53
365.03
365.52
366.01
366.49
366.98
367.46
367.94
368.41
368.89
369.36
369.83
370.30
370.77
371.23
371.69
372.15

127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178

0.2830
0.2852
0.2873
0.2894
0.2915
0.2936
0.2957
0.2979
0.3000
0.3021
0.3042
0.3063
0.3084
0.3106
0.3127
0.3148
0.3169
0.3190
0.3211
0.3232
0.3253
0.3275
0.3296
0.3317
0.3338
0.3359
0.3380
0.3401
0.3422
0.3443
0.3465
0.3486
0.3507
0.3528
0.3549
0.3570
0.3591
0.3612
0.3633
0.3654
0.3675
0.3696
0.3718
0.3739
0.3760
0.3781
0.3802
0.3823
0.3844
0.3865
0.3886
0.3907

3.5332
3.5070
3.4811
3.4556
3.4305
3.4058
3.3814
3.3573
3.3337
3.3103
3.2873
3.2646
3.2422
3.2201
3.1984
3.1769
3.1557
3.1348
3.1142
3.0938
3.0737
3.0539
3.0343
3.0150
2.9959
2.9771
2.9585
2.9402
2.9220
2.9041
2.8864
2.8690
2.8517
2.8347
2.8178
2.8012
2.7847
2.7685
2.7524
2.7365
2.7208
2.7053
2.6900
2.6748
2.6598
2.6450
2.6303
2.6159
2.6015
2.5873
2.5733
2.5594

1,109.4
1,109.5
1,109.6
1,109.7
1,109.8
1,109.9
1,110.0
1,110.1
1,110.2
1,110.3
1,110.4
1,110.5
1,110.6
1,110.7
1,110.8
1,110.9
1,110.9
1,111.0
1,111.1
1,111.2
1,111.3
1,111.4
1,111.5
1,111.5
1,111.6
1,111.7
1,111.8
1,111.9
1,111.9
1,112.0
1,112.1
1,112.2
1,112.3
1,112.3
1,112.4
1,112.5
1,112.5
1,112.6
1,112.7
1,112.8
1,112.8
1,112.9
1,113.0
1,113.0
1,113.1
1,113.2
1,113.2
1,113.3
1,113.4
1,113.4
1,113.5
1,113.6

1,192.5
1,192.7
1,192.8
1,192.9
1,193.1
1,193.2
1,193.3
1,193.4
1,193.6
1,193.7
1,193.8
1,193.9
1,194.0
1,194.2
1,194.3
1,194.4
1,194.5
1,194.6
1,194.7
1,194.9
1,195.0
1,195.1
1,195.2
1,195.3
1,195.4
1,195.5
1,195.6
1,195.7
1,195.8
1,195.9
1,196.0
1,196.1
1,196.2
1,196.3
1,196.4
1,196.5
1,196.6
1,196.7
1,196.8
1,196.9
1,197.0
1,197.1
1,197.2
1,197.2
1,197.3
1,197.4
1,197.5
1,197.6
1,197.7
1,197.8
1,197.8
1,197.9

1.5848
1.5841
1.5835
1.5829
1.5822
1.5816
1.5810
1.5804
1.5798
1.5792
1.5786
1.5780
1.5774
1.5768
1.5762
1.5756
1.5750
1.5744
1.5739
1.5733
1.5727
1.5722
1.5716
1.5711
1.5705
1.5700
1.5694
1.5689
1.5684
1.5678
1.5673
1.5668
1.5662
1.5657
1.5652
1.5647
1.5642
1.5637
1.5632
1.5627
1.5622
1.5617
1.5612
1.5607
1.5602
1.5597
1.5592
1.5587
1.5583
1.5578
1.5573
1.5568

0.45179
0.45230
0.45280
0.45330
0.45380
0.45429
0.45479
0.45528
0.45577
0.45626
0.45675
0.45723
0.45772
0.45820
0.45868
0.45916
0.45963
0.46011
0.46058
0.46105
0.46152
0.46198
0.46245
0.46291
0.46337
0.46384
0.46429
0.46475
0.46521
0.46566
0.46611
0.46656
0.46701
0.46746
0.46791
0.46835
0.46879
0.46924
0.46968
0.47011
0.47055
0.47099
0.47142
0.47185
0.47228
0.47271
0.47314
0.47357
0.47400
0.47442
0.47484
0.47526

0.63158
0.63251
0.63344
0.63437
0.63529
0.63621
0.63713
0.63805
0.63897
0.63988
0.64079
0.64170
0.64261
0.64351
0.64441
0.64531
0.64621
0.64711
0.64800
0.64889
0.64978
0.65067
0.65155
0.65244
0.65332
0.65420
0.65508
0.65595
0.65682
0.65770
0.65857
0.65943
0.66030
0.66116
0.66203
0.66289
0.66375
0.66460
0.66546
0.66631
0.66716
0.66801
0.66886
0.66971
0.67055
0.67140
0.67224
0.67308
0.67392
0.67476
0.67559
0.67643

1,639.9
1,640.2
1,640.4
1,640.6
1,640.8
1,641.1
1,641.3
1,641.5
1,641.7
1,641.9
1,642.2
1,642.4
1,642.6
1,642.8
1,643.0
1,643.2
1,643.4
1,643.6
1,643.7
1,643.9
1,644.1
1,644.3
1,644.5
1,644.7
1,644.8
1,645.0
1,645.2
1,645.4
1,645.5
1,645.7
1,645.9
1,646.0
1,646.2
1,646.3
1,646.5
1,646.6
1,646.8
1,646.9
1,647.1
1,647.2
1,647.4
1,647.5
1,647.7
1,647.8
1,647.9
1,648.1
1,648.2
1,648.3
1,648.5
1,648.6
1,648.7
1,648.9

0.38550
0.38432
0.38315
0.38199
0.38084
0.37970
0.37858
0.37746
0.37635
0.37526
0.37417
0.37309
0.37203
0.37097
0.36992
0.36888
0.36785
0.36683
0.36582
0.36482
0.36382
0.36284
0.36186
0.36089
0.35993
0.35897
0.35803
0.35709
0.35616
0.35523
0.35432
0.35341
0.35251
0.35161
0.35073
0.34985
0.34897
0.34811
0.34724
0.34639
0.34554
0.34470
0.34387
0.34304
0.34222
0.34140
0.34059
0.33979
0.33899
0.33819
0.33741
0.33663

372.61
373.07
373.52
373.97
374.42
374.87
375.32
375.76
376.21
376.65
377.09
377.52
377.96
378.39
378.82
379.25
379.68
380.11
380.53
380.96
381.38
381.80

179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200

0.3928
0.3949
0.3970
0.3991
0.4012
0.4034
0.4055
0.4076
0.4097
0.4118
0.4139
0.4160
0.4181
0.4202
0.4223
0.4244
0.4265
0.4286
0.4307
0.4328
0.4349
0.4370

2.5457
2.5321
2.5187
2.5054
2.4923
2.4793
2.4664
2.4537
2.4410
2.4286
2.4162
2.4040
2.3919
2.3799
2.3680
2.3563
2.3447
2.3331
2.3217
2.3104
2.2993
2.2882

1,113.6
1,113.7
1,113.8
1,113.8
1,113.9
1,113.9
1,114.0
1,114.1
1,114.1
1,114.2
1,114.2
1,114.3
1,114.4
1,114.4
1,114.5
1,114.5
1,114.6
1,114.6
1,114.7
1,114.7
1,114.8
1,114.8

1,198.0
1,198.1
1,198.2
1,198.3
1,198.3
1,198.4
1,198.5
1,198.6
1,198.6
1,198.7
1,198.8
1,198.9
1,198.9
1,199.0
1,199.1
1,199.2
1,199.2
1,199.3
1,199.4
1,199.4
1,199.5
1,199.6

1.5564
1.5559
1.5554
1.5550
1.5545
1.5541
1.5536
1.5532
1.5527
1.5523
1.5518
1.5514
1.5509
1.5505
1.5500
1.5496
1.5492
1.5487
1.5483
1.5479
1.5475
1.5470

0.47568
0.47610
0.47652
0.47694
0.47735
0.47777
0.47818
0.47859
0.47900
0.47941
0.47982
0.48022
0.48063
0.48103
0.48143
0.48184
0.48224
0.48263
0.48303
0.48343
0.48382
0.48422

0.67726
0.67809
0.67892
0.67975
0.68057
0.68140
0.68222
0.68305
0.68387
0.68469
0.68550
0.68632
0.68714
0.68795
0.68876
0.68957
0.69038
0.69119
0.69200
0.69281
0.69361
0.69441

Auxiliary Data
( All data downloaded from NIST website: http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/fluid/ )

Reference States
Internal energy
Entropy

U=
S=

0.0
0.0

at 273.16 K for saturated liquid.


at 273.16 K for saturated liquid.

Additional fluid data


Critical temperature (Tc)
Critical pressure (Pc)
Critical density (Dc)
Acentric factor
Normal boiling point
Dipole moment

705.10
3200.1
20.102
0.3443
211.95
1.855

F
psia
lbm/ft3

F
Debye

1,649.0
1,649.1
1,649.2
1,649.4
1,649.5
1,649.6
1,649.7
1,649.8
1,649.9
1,650.0
1,650.1
1,650.3
1,650.4
1,650.5
1,650.6
1,650.7
1,650.8
1,650.9
1,651.0
1,651.1
1,651.2
1,651.3

0.33585
0.33508
0.33431
0.33355
0.33280
0.33205
0.33131
0.33057
0.32983
0.32910
0.32838
0.32766
0.32694
0.32623
0.32553
0.32483
0.32413
0.32344
0.32275
0.32207
0.32139
0.32072

7.14

6.29

4.57

Viscosity
(cP)

Therm.
Cond.
(W/m*K)

Surf.
Tension
(lb/in)

Phase

0.28012
0.27487
0.27004
0.26557
0.26144
0.25758
0.25398
0.25060
0.24743
0.24443
0.24160
0.23892
0.23637
0.23394
0.23163
0.22943
0.22732
0.22530
0.22336
0.22150
0.21972
0.21800
0.21634
0.21474
0.21320
0.21171
0.21027
0.20887
0.20752
0.20621
0.20494
0.20371
0.20251
0.20134
0.20021
0.19911
0.19804
0.19699
0.19597
0.19498
0.19401
0.19306
0.19214
0.19124
0.19035

0.67927
0.67982
0.68030
0.68073
0.68111
0.68145
0.68175
0.68202
0.68225
0.68246
0.68265
0.68282
0.68297
0.68309
0.68321
0.68331
0.68339
0.68346
0.68353
0.68358
0.68362
0.68365
0.68367
0.68369
0.68370
0.68370
0.68370
0.68369
0.68367
0.68365
0.68362
0.68359
0.68356
0.68352
0.68347
0.68343
0.68338
0.68332
0.68327
0.68321
0.68315
0.68308
0.68301
0.68294
0.68287

0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.18949
0.18865
0.18782
0.18702
0.18622
0.18545
0.18469
0.18395
0.18322
0.18250
0.18180
0.18112
0.18044
0.17978
0.17913
0.17849
0.17786
0.17724
0.17663
0.17604
0.17545
0.17487
0.17431
0.17375
0.17320
0.17266
0.17212
0.17160
0.17108
0.17057
0.17007
0.16958
0.16909
0.16861
0.16814
0.16767
0.16721
0.16676
0.16631
0.16587
0.16543
0.16500
0.16458
0.16416
0.16375
0.16334
0.16293
0.16253
0.16214
0.16175
0.16137
0.16099

0.68280
0.68272
0.68264
0.68256
0.68248
0.68240
0.68231
0.68223
0.68214
0.68205
0.68196
0.68186
0.68177
0.68168
0.68158
0.68148
0.68138
0.68129
0.68119
0.68108
0.68098
0.68088
0.68078
0.68067
0.68057
0.68046
0.68035
0.68025
0.68014
0.68003
0.67992
0.67981
0.67970
0.67959
0.67948
0.67936
0.67925
0.67914
0.67902
0.67891
0.67880
0.67868
0.67857
0.67845
0.67833
0.67822
0.67810
0.67798
0.67787
0.67775
0.67763
0.67751

0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.16061
0.16024
0.15988
0.15951
0.15916
0.15880
0.15845
0.15811
0.15776
0.15742
0.15709
0.15676
0.15643
0.15611
0.15578
0.15547
0.15515
0.15484
0.15453
0.15423
0.15393
0.15363
0.15333
0.15304
0.15275
0.15246
0.15217
0.15189
0.15161
0.15134
0.15106
0.15079
0.15052
0.15025
0.14999
0.14973
0.14947
0.14921
0.14895
0.14870
0.14845
0.14820
0.14795
0.14771
0.14747
0.14723
0.14699
0.14675
0.14652
0.14628
0.14605
0.14582

0.67739
0.67728
0.67716
0.67704
0.67692
0.67680
0.67668
0.67656
0.67644
0.67632
0.67620
0.67608
0.67595
0.67583
0.67571
0.67559
0.67547
0.67535
0.67522
0.67510
0.67498
0.67486
0.67473
0.67461
0.67449
0.67436
0.67424
0.67412
0.67399
0.67387
0.67375
0.67362
0.67350
0.67338
0.67325
0.67313
0.67300
0.67288
0.67276
0.67263
0.67251
0.67238
0.67226
0.67213
0.67201
0.67189
0.67176
0.67164
0.67151
0.67139
0.67126
0.67114

0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.14560
0.14537
0.14515
0.14493
0.14471
0.14449
0.14427
0.14406
0.14384
0.14363
0.14342
0.14321
0.14300
0.14280
0.14259
0.14239
0.14219
0.14199
0.14179
0.14160
0.14140
0.14121
0.14101
0.14082
0.14063
0.14044
0.14026
0.14007
0.13988
0.13970
0.13952
0.13934
0.13916
0.13898
0.13880
0.13862
0.13845

0.67101
0.67089
0.67076
0.67064
0.67051
0.67039
0.67026
0.67014
0.67001
0.66989
0.66976
0.66964
0.66951
0.66939
0.66926
0.66914
0.66901
0.66889
0.66876
0.66863
0.66851
0.66838
0.66826
0.66813
0.66801
0.66788
0.66776
0.66763
0.66751
0.66738
0.66726
0.66713
0.66701
0.66688
0.66676
0.66663
0.66651

0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002

Viscosity
(cP)

Therm.
Cond.
(W/m*K)

Phase

0.01229
0.01235
0.01241
0.01247
0.01252
0.01257
0.01262
0.01267

0.02516
0.02536
0.02556
0.02575
0.02593
0.02611
0.02628
0.02645

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.01272
0.01276
0.01280
0.01285
0.01289
0.01293
0.01296
0.01300
0.01304
0.01307
0.01311
0.01314
0.01317
0.01320
0.01324
0.01327
0.01330
0.01333
0.01335
0.01338
0.01341
0.01344
0.01346
0.01349
0.01351
0.01354
0.01356
0.01359
0.01361
0.01364
0.01366
0.01368
0.01371
0.01373
0.01375
0.01377
0.01379
0.01381
0.01383
0.01385
0.01388
0.01390
0.01391
0.01393
0.01395
0.01397
0.01399
0.01401
0.01403
0.01405
0.01406
0.01408

0.02661
0.02676
0.02692
0.02707
0.02721
0.02735
0.02749
0.02763
0.02776
0.02789
0.02802
0.02815
0.02827
0.02839
0.02851
0.02863
0.02874
0.02886
0.02897
0.02908
0.02919
0.02929
0.02940
0.02950
0.02960
0.02971
0.02981
0.02991
0.03000
0.03010
0.03019
0.03029
0.03038
0.03047
0.03057
0.03066
0.03074
0.03083
0.03092
0.03101
0.03109
0.03118
0.03126
0.03135
0.03143
0.03151
0.03159
0.03167
0.03175
0.03183
0.03191
0.03199

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01410
0.01412
0.01413
0.01415
0.01417
0.01418
0.01420
0.01422
0.01423
0.01425
0.01427
0.01428
0.01430
0.01431
0.01433
0.01434
0.01436
0.01437
0.01439
0.01440
0.01442
0.01443
0.01444
0.01446
0.01447
0.01449
0.01450
0.01451
0.01453
0.01454
0.01455
0.01457
0.01458
0.01459
0.01461
0.01462
0.01463
0.01465
0.01466
0.01467
0.01468
0.01470
0.01471
0.01472
0.01473
0.01474
0.01476
0.01477
0.01478
0.01479
0.01480
0.01481

0.03206
0.03214
0.03222
0.03229
0.03237
0.03244
0.03251
0.03259
0.03266
0.03273
0.03280
0.03287
0.03295
0.03302
0.03309
0.03315
0.03322
0.03329
0.03336
0.03343
0.03349
0.03356
0.03363
0.03369
0.03376
0.03382
0.03389
0.03395
0.03402
0.03408
0.03414
0.03420
0.03427
0.03433
0.03439
0.03445
0.03451
0.03457
0.03463
0.03469
0.03475
0.03481
0.03487
0.03493
0.03499
0.03505
0.03511
0.03517
0.03522
0.03528
0.03534
0.03539

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01483
0.01484
0.01485
0.01486
0.01487
0.01488
0.01489
0.01490
0.01492
0.01493
0.01494
0.01495
0.01496
0.01497
0.01498
0.01499
0.01500
0.01501
0.01502
0.01503
0.01504
0.01505
0.01506
0.01507
0.01508
0.01509
0.01510
0.01511
0.01512
0.01513
0.01514
0.01515
0.01516
0.01517
0.01518
0.01519
0.01520
0.01521
0.01522
0.01523
0.01524
0.01525
0.01525
0.01526
0.01527
0.01528
0.01529
0.01530
0.01531
0.01532
0.01533
0.01533

0.03545
0.03551
0.03556
0.03562
0.03567
0.03573
0.03578
0.03584
0.03589
0.03595
0.03600
0.03606
0.03611
0.03616
0.03622
0.03627
0.03632
0.03637
0.03643
0.03648
0.03653
0.03658
0.03663
0.03668
0.03674
0.03679
0.03684
0.03689
0.03694
0.03699
0.03704
0.03709
0.03714
0.03719
0.03724
0.03729
0.03733
0.03738
0.03743
0.03748
0.03753
0.03758
0.03762
0.03767
0.03772
0.03777
0.03781
0.03786
0.03791
0.03796
0.03800
0.03805

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01534
0.01535
0.01536
0.01537
0.01538
0.01539
0.01540
0.01540
0.01541
0.01542
0.01543
0.01544
0.01545
0.01545
0.01546
0.01547
0.01548
0.01549
0.01550
0.01550
0.01551
0.01552

0.03810
0.03814
0.03819
0.03823
0.03828
0.03833
0.03837
0.03842
0.03846
0.03851
0.03855
0.03860
0.03864
0.03869
0.03873
0.03877
0.03882
0.03886
0.03891
0.03895
0.03899
0.03904

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

Water Phase Data


Data on Saturation Curve
7.57

5.57

6.14

Temperatur Pressure Density


e (F)
(psia)
(lbm/ft3)

382.22
382.63
383.05
383.46
383.87
384.28
384.69
385.10
385.51
385.91
386.31
386.71
387.11
387.51
387.91
388.30
388.70
389.09
389.48
389.87
390.26
390.65
391.03
391.42
391.80
392.18
392.56
392.94
393.32
393.70
394.07
394.44
394.82
395.19
395.56
395.93
396.30
396.66
397.03
397.39
397.75
398.12
398.48
398.84
399.19

201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245

54.370
54.354
54.337
54.321
54.305
54.288
54.272
54.256
54.240
54.224
54.207
54.191
54.175
54.160
54.144
54.128
54.112
54.096
54.080
54.065
54.049
54.034
54.018
54.002
53.987
53.971
53.956
53.941
53.925
53.910
53.895
53.880
53.864
53.849
53.834
53.819
53.804
53.789
53.774
53.759
53.744
53.729
53.715
53.700
53.685

7.71

6.43

Volume
(ft3/lbm)

Internal
Energy
(Btu/lbm)

0.018392
0.018398
0.018404
0.018409
0.018415
0.018420
0.018426
0.018431
0.018437
0.018442
0.018448
0.018453
0.018459
0.018464
0.018469
0.018475
0.018480
0.018486
0.018491
0.018496
0.018502
0.018507
0.018512
0.018518
0.018523
0.018528
0.018534
0.018539
0.018544
0.018549
0.018555
0.018560
0.018565
0.018570
0.018576
0.018581
0.018586
0.018591
0.018596
0.018601
0.018607
0.018612
0.018617
0.018622
0.018627

355.46
355.90
356.35
356.79
357.22
357.66
358.09
358.53
358.96
359.39
359.82
360.25
360.67
361.10
361.52
361.94
362.36
362.78
363.20
363.61
364.03
364.44
364.85
365.26
365.67
366.08
366.48
366.89
367.29
367.69
368.10
368.50
368.89
369.29
369.69
370.08
370.48
370.87
371.26
371.65
372.04
372.43
372.81
373.20
373.58

6.29

7.29

7.43

7.43

6.71

Enthalpy
Entropy
Cv
Cp
Sound
(Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd. (ft/s)

356.15
356.59
357.04
357.48
357.92
358.36
358.80
359.24
359.67
360.11
360.54
360.97
361.40
361.83
362.25
362.68
363.10
363.52
363.95
364.36
364.78
365.20
365.61
366.03
366.44
366.85
367.26
367.67
368.08
368.48
368.89
369.29
369.70
370.10
370.50
370.89
371.29
371.69
372.08
372.48
372.87
373.26
373.65
374.04
374.43

0.54470
0.54522
0.54575
0.54627
0.54679
0.54731
0.54782
0.54834
0.54885
0.54936
0.54986
0.55037
0.55087
0.55137
0.55187
0.55237
0.55286
0.55336
0.55385
0.55434
0.55483
0.55531
0.55580
0.55628
0.55676
0.55724
0.55772
0.55819
0.55867
0.55914
0.55961
0.56008
0.56054
0.56101
0.56147
0.56193
0.56239
0.56285
0.56331
0.56376
0.56422
0.56467
0.56512
0.56557
0.56602

0.79784
0.79763
0.79743
0.79722
0.79701
0.79681
0.79661
0.79640
0.79620
0.79600
0.79580
0.79560
0.79541
0.79521
0.79501
0.79482
0.79462
0.79443
0.79424
0.79405
0.79386
0.79367
0.79348
0.79329
0.79310
0.79292
0.79273
0.79255
0.79236
0.79218
0.79200
0.79182
0.79163
0.79145
0.79128
0.79110
0.79092
0.79074
0.79057
0.79039
0.79022
0.79004
0.78987
0.78970
0.78953

1.0680
1.0683
1.0686
1.0688
1.0691
1.0694
1.0696
1.0699
1.0702
1.0704
1.0707
1.0710
1.0712
1.0715
1.0718
1.0720
1.0723
1.0726
1.0728
1.0731
1.0733
1.0736
1.0739
1.0741
1.0744
1.0747
1.0749
1.0752
1.0754
1.0757
1.0760
1.0762
1.0765
1.0767
1.0770
1.0773
1.0775
1.0778
1.0781
1.0783
1.0786
1.0788
1.0791
1.0793
1.0796

4,426.0
4,423.7
4,421.3
4,419.0
4,416.7
4,414.4
4,412.1
4,409.8
4,407.5
4,405.2
4,402.9
4,400.6
4,398.3
4,396.1
4,393.8
4,391.5
4,389.3
4,387.0
4,384.8
4,382.5
4,380.3
4,378.1
4,375.8
4,373.6
4,371.4
4,369.2
4,367.0
4,364.8
4,362.6
4,360.4
4,358.2
4,356.0
4,353.8
4,351.7
4,349.5
4,347.3
4,345.2
4,343.0
4,340.8
4,338.7
4,336.6
4,334.4
4,332.3
4,330.1
4,328.0

7.71
JouleThomson
(F/psia)

-0.00120
-0.00120
-0.00119
-0.00119
-0.00119
-0.00118
-0.00118
-0.00117
-0.00117
-0.00117
-0.00116
-0.00116
-0.00116
-0.00115
-0.00115
-0.00114
-0.00114
-0.00114
-0.00113
-0.00113
-0.00113
-0.00112
-0.00112
-0.00112
-0.00111
-0.00111
-0.00110
-0.00110
-0.00110
-0.00109
-0.00109
-0.00109
-0.00108
-0.00108
-0.00108
-0.00107
-0.00107
-0.00106
-0.00106
-0.00106
-0.00105
-0.00105
-0.00105
-0.00104
-0.00104

399.55
399.91
400.26
400.62
400.97
401.32
401.67
402.02
402.37
402.72
403.06
403.41
403.75
404.10
404.44
404.78
405.12
405.46
405.80
406.13
406.47
406.80
407.14
407.47
407.80
408.13
408.46
408.79
409.12
409.45
409.78
410.10
410.43
410.75
411.07
411.40
411.72
412.04
412.36
412.68
412.99
413.31
413.63
413.94
414.26
414.57
414.88
415.19
415.50
415.81
416.12
416.43

246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297

53.670
53.656
53.641
53.626
53.612
53.597
53.583
53.568
53.554
53.539
53.525
53.510
53.496
53.482
53.467
53.453
53.439
53.425
53.411
53.396
53.382
53.368
53.354
53.340
53.326
53.312
53.298
53.284
53.271
53.257
53.243
53.229
53.215
53.202
53.188
53.174
53.161
53.147
53.133
53.120
53.106
53.093
53.079
53.066
53.052
53.039
53.025
53.012
52.999
52.985
52.972
52.959

0.018632
0.018637
0.018643
0.018648
0.018653
0.018658
0.018663
0.018668
0.018673
0.018678
0.018683
0.018688
0.018693
0.018698
0.018703
0.018708
0.018713
0.018718
0.018723
0.018728
0.018733
0.018738
0.018743
0.018748
0.018753
0.018757
0.018762
0.018767
0.018772
0.018777
0.018782
0.018787
0.018792
0.018796
0.018801
0.018806
0.018811
0.018816
0.018821
0.018825
0.018830
0.018835
0.018840
0.018845
0.018849
0.018854
0.018859
0.018864
0.018868
0.018873
0.018878
0.018883

373.97
374.35
374.73
375.11
375.49
375.86
376.24
376.62
376.99
377.36
377.74
378.11
378.48
378.85
379.21
379.58
379.95
380.31
380.68
381.04
381.40
381.76
382.12
382.48
382.84
383.20
383.55
383.91
384.26
384.62
384.97
385.32
385.67
386.02
386.37
386.72
387.06
387.41
387.75
388.10
388.44
388.79
389.13
389.47
389.81
390.15
390.49
390.82
391.16
391.50
391.83
392.17

374.81
375.20
375.58
375.97
376.35
376.73
377.11
377.49
377.87
378.25
378.62
379.00
379.37
379.74
380.11
380.49
380.86
381.22
381.59
381.96
382.32
382.69
383.05
383.41
383.78
384.14
384.50
384.86
385.21
385.57
385.93
386.28
386.64
386.99
387.34
387.69
388.05
388.40
388.74
389.09
389.44
389.79
390.13
390.48
390.82
391.16
391.51
391.85
392.19
392.53
392.87
393.20

0.56647
0.56691
0.56735
0.56779
0.56824
0.56867
0.56911
0.56955
0.56998
0.57042
0.57085
0.57128
0.57171
0.57213
0.57256
0.57298
0.57341
0.57383
0.57425
0.57467
0.57509
0.57551
0.57592
0.57634
0.57675
0.57716
0.57757
0.57798
0.57839
0.57880
0.57920
0.57961
0.58001
0.58041
0.58081
0.58121
0.58161
0.58201
0.58241
0.58280
0.58319
0.58359
0.58398
0.58437
0.58476
0.58515
0.58553
0.58592
0.58631
0.58669
0.58707
0.58746

0.78935
0.78918
0.78901
0.78885
0.78868
0.78851
0.78834
0.78818
0.78801
0.78785
0.78768
0.78752
0.78736
0.78719
0.78703
0.78687
0.78671
0.78655
0.78639
0.78623
0.78607
0.78592
0.78576
0.78560
0.78545
0.78529
0.78514
0.78499
0.78483
0.78468
0.78453
0.78438
0.78423
0.78407
0.78392
0.78378
0.78363
0.78348
0.78333
0.78318
0.78304
0.78289
0.78275
0.78260
0.78246
0.78231
0.78217
0.78203
0.78188
0.78174
0.78160
0.78146

1.0799
1.0801
1.0804
1.0806
1.0809
1.0812
1.0814
1.0817
1.0819
1.0822
1.0825
1.0827
1.0830
1.0832
1.0835
1.0837
1.0840
1.0843
1.0845
1.0848
1.0850
1.0853
1.0855
1.0858
1.0861
1.0863
1.0866
1.0868
1.0871
1.0873
1.0876
1.0878
1.0881
1.0884
1.0886
1.0889
1.0891
1.0894
1.0896
1.0899
1.0901
1.0904
1.0907
1.0909
1.0912
1.0914
1.0917
1.0919
1.0922
1.0924
1.0927
1.0929

4,325.9
4,323.8
4,321.7
4,319.5
4,317.4
4,315.3
4,313.2
4,311.1
4,309.1
4,307.0
4,304.9
4,302.8
4,300.7
4,298.7
4,296.6
4,294.5
4,292.5
4,290.4
4,288.4
4,286.3
4,284.3
4,282.2
4,280.2
4,278.2
4,276.1
4,274.1
4,272.1
4,270.1
4,268.0
4,266.0
4,264.0
4,262.0
4,260.0
4,258.0
4,256.0
4,254.0
4,252.1
4,250.1
4,248.1
4,246.1
4,244.1
4,242.2
4,240.2
4,238.2
4,236.3
4,234.3
4,232.4
4,230.4
4,228.5
4,226.5
4,224.6
4,222.6

-0.00104
-0.00103
-0.00103
-0.00103
-0.00102
-0.00102
-0.00101
-0.00101
-0.00101
-0.00100
-0.00100
-0.00100
-0.00099
-0.00099
-0.00099
-0.00098
-0.00098
-0.00098
-0.00097
-0.00097
-0.00097
-0.00096
-0.00096
-0.00096
-0.00095
-0.00095
-0.00094
-0.00094
-0.00094
-0.00093
-0.00093
-0.00093
-0.00092
-0.00092
-0.00092
-0.00091
-0.00091
-0.00091
-0.00090
-0.00090
-0.00090
-0.00089
-0.00089
-0.00089
-0.00088
-0.00088
-0.00088
-0.00087
-0.00087
-0.00086
-0.00086
-0.00086

416.74
417.05
417.35
417.66
417.96
418.27
418.57
418.87
419.17
419.47
419.77
420.07
420.37
420.67
420.97
421.26
421.56
421.85
422.15
422.44
422.73
423.02
423.31
423.61
423.90
424.18
424.47
424.76
425.05
425.33
425.62
425.90
426.19
426.47
426.75
427.04
427.32
427.60
427.88
428.16
428.44
428.72
429.00
429.27
429.55
429.83
430.10
430.38
430.65
430.92
431.20
431.47

298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349

52.945
52.932
52.919
52.906
52.893
52.880
52.866
52.853
52.840
52.827
52.814
52.801
52.788
52.775
52.762
52.749
52.737
52.724
52.711
52.698
52.685
52.673
52.660
52.647
52.634
52.622
52.609
52.596
52.584
52.571
52.558
52.546
52.533
52.521
52.508
52.496
52.483
52.471
52.458
52.446
52.434
52.421
52.409
52.397
52.384
52.372
52.360
52.347
52.335
52.323
52.311
52.299

0.018887
0.018892
0.018897
0.018901
0.018906
0.018911
0.018916
0.018920
0.018925
0.018930
0.018934
0.018939
0.018944
0.018948
0.018953
0.018958
0.018962
0.018967
0.018971
0.018976
0.018981
0.018985
0.018990
0.018994
0.018999
0.019004
0.019008
0.019013
0.019017
0.019022
0.019026
0.019031
0.019036
0.019040
0.019045
0.019049
0.019054
0.019058
0.019063
0.019067
0.019072
0.019076
0.019081
0.019085
0.019090
0.019094
0.019099
0.019103
0.019108
0.019112
0.019117
0.019121

392.50
392.83
393.16
393.49
393.82
394.15
394.48
394.81
395.14
395.46
395.79
396.12
396.44
396.76
397.09
397.41
397.73
398.05
398.37
398.69
399.01
399.32
399.64
399.96
400.27
400.59
400.90
401.22
401.53
401.84
402.15
402.46
402.77
403.08
403.39
403.70
404.01
404.31
404.62
404.93
405.23
405.53
405.84
406.14
406.44
406.74
407.05
407.35
407.65
407.95
408.24
408.54

393.54
393.88
394.21
394.55
394.88
395.22
395.55
395.88
396.21
396.54
396.87
397.20
397.53
397.85
398.18
398.51
398.83
399.16
399.48
399.80
400.12
400.45
400.77
401.09
401.41
401.72
402.04
402.36
402.68
402.99
403.31
403.62
403.94
404.25
404.56
404.87
405.19
405.50
405.81
406.12
406.42
406.73
407.04
407.35
407.65
407.96
408.26
408.57
408.87
409.17
409.48
409.78

0.58784
0.58822
0.58859
0.58897
0.58935
0.58972
0.59010
0.59047
0.59085
0.59122
0.59159
0.59196
0.59233
0.59269
0.59306
0.59343
0.59379
0.59416
0.59452
0.59488
0.59524
0.59560
0.59596
0.59632
0.59668
0.59703
0.59739
0.59775
0.59810
0.59845
0.59880
0.59916
0.59951
0.59986
0.60020
0.60055
0.60090
0.60125
0.60159
0.60194
0.60228
0.60262
0.60296
0.60330
0.60365
0.60398
0.60432
0.60466
0.60500
0.60533
0.60567
0.60601

0.78132
0.78118
0.78104
0.78090
0.78076
0.78062
0.78049
0.78035
0.78021
0.78007
0.77994
0.77980
0.77967
0.77953
0.77940
0.77927
0.77913
0.77900
0.77887
0.77874
0.77861
0.77848
0.77834
0.77821
0.77809
0.77796
0.77783
0.77770
0.77757
0.77744
0.77732
0.77719
0.77706
0.77694
0.77681
0.77669
0.77656
0.77644
0.77631
0.77619
0.77607
0.77594
0.77582
0.77570
0.77558
0.77546
0.77534
0.77522
0.77510
0.77498
0.77486
0.77474

1.0932
1.0935
1.0937
1.0940
1.0942
1.0945
1.0947
1.0950
1.0952
1.0955
1.0957
1.0960
1.0962
1.0965
1.0967
1.0970
1.0973
1.0975
1.0978
1.0980
1.0983
1.0985
1.0988
1.0990
1.0993
1.0995
1.0998
1.1000
1.1003
1.1005
1.1008
1.1010
1.1013
1.1016
1.1018
1.1021
1.1023
1.1026
1.1028
1.1031
1.1033
1.1036
1.1038
1.1041
1.1043
1.1046
1.1048
1.1051
1.1053
1.1056
1.1058
1.1061

4,220.7
4,218.8
4,216.9
4,214.9
4,213.0
4,211.1
4,209.2
4,207.3
4,205.3
4,203.4
4,201.5
4,199.6
4,197.7
4,195.8
4,194.0
4,192.1
4,190.2
4,188.3
4,186.4
4,184.5
4,182.7
4,180.8
4,178.9
4,177.1
4,175.2
4,173.3
4,171.5
4,169.6
4,167.8
4,165.9
4,164.1
4,162.2
4,160.4
4,158.6
4,156.7
4,154.9
4,153.1
4,151.2
4,149.4
4,147.6
4,145.8
4,143.9
4,142.1
4,140.3
4,138.5
4,136.7
4,134.9
4,133.1
4,131.3
4,129.5
4,127.7
4,125.9

-0.00085
-0.00085
-0.00085
-0.00084
-0.00084
-0.00084
-0.00083
-0.00083
-0.00083
-0.00082
-0.00082
-0.00082
-0.00081
-0.00081
-0.00081
-0.00080
-0.00080
-0.00080
-0.00079
-0.00079
-0.00079
-0.00078
-0.00078
-0.00078
-0.00077
-0.00077
-0.00077
-0.00076
-0.00076
-0.00076
-0.00075
-0.00075
-0.00075
-0.00074
-0.00074
-0.00074
-0.00073
-0.00073
-0.00073
-0.00072
-0.00072
-0.00072
-0.00071
-0.00071
-0.00070
-0.00070
-0.00070
-0.00069
-0.00069
-0.00069
-0.00068
-0.00068

431.74
432.01
432.28
432.55
432.82
433.09
433.36
433.62
433.89
434.16
434.42
434.69
434.95
435.22
435.48
435.74
436.01
436.27
436.53
436.79
437.05
437.31
437.57
437.83
438.09
438.34
438.60
438.86
439.11
439.37
439.62
439.88
440.13
440.38
440.64
440.89
441.14
441.39
441.64
441.89
442.14
442.39
442.64
442.89
443.14
443.39
443.63
443.88
444.13
444.37
444.62

350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400

52.286
52.274
52.262
52.250
52.238
52.226
52.214
52.202
52.190
52.178
52.166
52.154
52.142
52.130
52.118
52.106
52.094
52.082
52.071
52.059
52.047
52.035
52.023
52.012
52.000
51.988
51.976
51.965
51.953
51.941
51.930
51.918
51.906
51.895
51.883
51.872
51.860
51.848
51.837
51.825
51.814
51.802
51.791
51.779
51.768
51.757
51.745
51.734
51.722
51.711
51.700

0.019125
0.019130
0.019134
0.019139
0.019143
0.019148
0.019152
0.019156
0.019161
0.019165
0.019170
0.019174
0.019178
0.019183
0.019187
0.019192
0.019196
0.019200
0.019205
0.019209
0.019213
0.019218
0.019222
0.019227
0.019231
0.019235
0.019240
0.019244
0.019248
0.019253
0.019257
0.019261
0.019265
0.019270
0.019274
0.019278
0.019283
0.019287
0.019291
0.019296
0.019300
0.019304
0.019308
0.019313
0.019317
0.019321
0.019325
0.019330
0.019334
0.019338
0.019342

408.84
409.14
409.43
409.73
410.02
410.32
410.61
410.90
411.20
411.49
411.78
412.07
412.36
412.65
412.94
413.23
413.52
413.81
414.09
414.38
414.67
414.95
415.24
415.52
415.80
416.09
416.37
416.65
416.93
417.22
417.50
417.78
418.06
418.34
418.61
418.89
419.17
419.45
419.72
420.00
420.28
420.55
420.83
421.10
421.37
421.65
421.92
422.19
422.46
422.73
423.01

410.08
410.38
410.68
410.98
411.28
411.58
411.87
412.17
412.47
412.76
413.06
413.35
413.65
413.94
414.24
414.53
414.82
415.11
415.40
415.69
415.98
416.27
416.56
416.85
417.14
417.42
417.71
418.00
418.28
418.57
418.85
419.14
419.42
419.70
419.98
420.27
420.55
420.83
421.11
421.39
421.67
421.95
422.23
422.51
422.78
423.06
423.34
423.61
423.89
424.16
424.44

0.60634
0.60667
0.60700
0.60734
0.60767
0.60800
0.60833
0.60866
0.60898
0.60931
0.60964
0.60996
0.61029
0.61061
0.61094
0.61126
0.61158
0.61190
0.61222
0.61254
0.61286
0.61318
0.61350
0.61382
0.61413
0.61445
0.61476
0.61508
0.61539
0.61571
0.61602
0.61633
0.61664
0.61695
0.61726
0.61757
0.61788
0.61819
0.61849
0.61880
0.61911
0.61941
0.61972
0.62002
0.62033
0.62063
0.62093
0.62123
0.62153
0.62183
0.62213

0.77462
0.77450
0.77438
0.77427
0.77415
0.77403
0.77391
0.77380
0.77368
0.77357
0.77345
0.77334
0.77322
0.77311
0.77299
0.77288
0.77277
0.77265
0.77254
0.77243
0.77232
0.77221
0.77210
0.77198
0.77187
0.77176
0.77165
0.77154
0.77144
0.77133
0.77122
0.77111
0.77100
0.77089
0.77079
0.77068
0.77057
0.77047
0.77036
0.77025
0.77015
0.77004
0.76994
0.76983
0.76973
0.76962
0.76952
0.76942
0.76931
0.76921
0.76911

1.1063
1.1066
1.1068
1.1071
1.1074
1.1076
1.1079
1.1081
1.1084
1.1086
1.1089
1.1091
1.1094
1.1096
1.1099
1.1101
1.1104
1.1106
1.1109
1.1111
1.1114
1.1116
1.1119
1.1121
1.1124
1.1126
1.1129
1.1131
1.1134
1.1136
1.1139
1.1141
1.1144
1.1146
1.1149
1.1152
1.1154
1.1157
1.1159
1.1162
1.1164
1.1167
1.1169
1.1172
1.1174
1.1177
1.1179
1.1182
1.1184
1.1187
1.1189

4,124.1
4,122.3
4,120.6
4,118.8
4,117.0
4,115.2
4,113.4
4,111.7
4,109.9
4,108.1
4,106.4
4,104.6
4,102.8
4,101.1
4,099.3
4,097.6
4,095.8
4,094.1
4,092.3
4,090.6
4,088.8
4,087.1
4,085.4
4,083.6
4,081.9
4,080.2
4,078.4
4,076.7
4,075.0
4,073.3
4,071.6
4,069.8
4,068.1
4,066.4
4,064.7
4,063.0
4,061.3
4,059.6
4,057.9
4,056.2
4,054.5
4,052.8
4,051.1
4,049.4
4,047.7
4,046.0
4,044.3
4,042.6
4,041.0
4,039.3
4,037.6

-0.00068
-0.00067
-0.00067
-0.00067
-0.00066
-0.00066
-0.00066
-0.00065
-0.00065
-0.00065
-0.00064
-0.00064
-0.00064
-0.00063
-0.00063
-0.00063
-0.00062
-0.00062
-0.00062
-0.00061
-0.00061
-0.00061
-0.00060
-0.00060
-0.00060
-0.00059
-0.00059
-0.00059
-0.00058
-0.00058
-0.00058
-0.00057
-0.00057
-0.00057
-0.00056
-0.00056
-0.00056
-0.00055
-0.00055
-0.00055
-0.00054
-0.00054
-0.00054
-0.00053
-0.00053
-0.00053
-0.00052
-0.00052
-0.00052
-0.00051
-0.00051

Vapor Phase Data


Data on Saturation Curve
Temperatur Pressure Density
e (F)
(psia)
(lbm/ft3)

382.22
382.63
383.05
383.46
383.87
384.28
384.69
385.10
385.51
385.91
386.31
386.71
387.11
387.51
387.91
388.30
388.70
389.09
389.48
389.87
390.26
390.65
391.03
391.42
391.80
392.18
392.56
392.94
393.32
393.70
394.07
394.44
394.82
395.19
395.56
395.93
396.30
396.66
397.03
397.39
397.75
398.12
398.48
398.84
399.19
399.55

201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246

0.4391
0.4412
0.4433
0.4454
0.4476
0.4497
0.4518
0.4539
0.4560
0.4581
0.4602
0.4623
0.4644
0.4665
0.4686
0.4707
0.4728
0.4749
0.4770
0.4791
0.4812
0.4833
0.4854
0.4875
0.4896
0.4918
0.4939
0.4960
0.4981
0.5002
0.5023
0.5044
0.5065
0.5086
0.5107
0.5128
0.5149
0.5170
0.5191
0.5212
0.5233
0.5254
0.5276
0.5297
0.5318
0.5339

Volume
(ft3/lbm)

2.2772
2.2664
2.2556
2.2450
2.2344
2.2239
2.2136
2.2033
2.1931
2.1831
2.1731
2.1632
2.1534
2.1437
2.1340
2.1245
2.1150
2.1057
2.0964
2.0872
2.0780
2.0690
2.0600
2.0511
2.0423
2.0336
2.0249
2.0163
2.0078
1.9993
1.9909
1.9826
1.9744
1.9662
1.9581
1.9501
1.9421
1.9342
1.9263
1.9185
1.9108
1.9032
1.8956
1.8880
1.8805
1.8731

Internal
Energy
(Btu/lbm)

Enthalpy
Entropy
Cv
Cp
Sound
(Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd. (ft/s)

JouleThomson
(F/psia)

1,114.9
1,114.9
1,115.0
1,115.1
1,115.1
1,115.2
1,115.2
1,115.3
1,115.3
1,115.4
1,115.4
1,115.4
1,115.5
1,115.5
1,115.6
1,115.6
1,115.7
1,115.7
1,115.8
1,115.8
1,115.9
1,115.9
1,115.9
1,116.0
1,116.0
1,116.1
1,116.1
1,116.2
1,116.2
1,116.2
1,116.3
1,116.3
1,116.4
1,116.4
1,116.4
1,116.5
1,116.5
1,116.6
1,116.6
1,116.6
1,116.7
1,116.7
1,116.7
1,116.8
1,116.8
1,116.9

1,199.7
1,199.7
1,199.8
1,199.9
1,199.9
1,200.0
1,200.1
1,200.1
1,200.2
1,200.2
1,200.3
1,200.4
1,200.4
1,200.5
1,200.5
1,200.6
1,200.7
1,200.7
1,200.8
1,200.8
1,200.9
1,201.0
1,201.0
1,201.1
1,201.1
1,201.2
1,201.2
1,201.3
1,201.3
1,201.4
1,201.4
1,201.5
1,201.5
1,201.6
1,201.7
1,201.7
1,201.8
1,201.8
1,201.9
1,201.9
1,201.9
1,202.0
1,202.0
1,202.1
1,202.1
1,202.2

0.32005
0.31938
0.31872
0.31807
0.31741
0.31676
0.31612
0.31548
0.31484
0.31421
0.31358
0.31295
0.31233
0.31171
0.31110
0.31049
0.30988
0.30928
0.30868
0.30808
0.30749
0.30690
0.30632
0.30573
0.30515
0.30458
0.30400
0.30343
0.30287
0.30231
0.30175
0.30119
0.30064
0.30008
0.29954
0.29899
0.29845
0.29791
0.29738
0.29684
0.29631
0.29579
0.29526
0.29474
0.29422
0.29370

1.5466
1.5462
1.5458
1.5454
1.5450
1.5445
1.5441
1.5437
1.5433
1.5429
1.5425
1.5421
1.5417
1.5413
1.5409
1.5405
1.5401
1.5397
1.5393
1.5390
1.5386
1.5382
1.5378
1.5374
1.5370
1.5367
1.5363
1.5359
1.5355
1.5352
1.5348
1.5344
1.5341
1.5337
1.5333
1.5330
1.5326
1.5322
1.5319
1.5315
1.5312
1.5308
1.5304
1.5301
1.5297
1.5294

0.48461
0.48500
0.48540
0.48579
0.48617
0.48656
0.48695
0.48733
0.48772
0.48810
0.48848
0.48887
0.48925
0.48963
0.49000
0.49038
0.49076
0.49113
0.49151
0.49188
0.49225
0.49262
0.49299
0.49336
0.49373
0.49410
0.49446
0.49483
0.49519
0.49556
0.49592
0.49628
0.49664
0.49700
0.49736
0.49772
0.49808
0.49843
0.49879
0.49914
0.49950
0.49985
0.50020
0.50055
0.50090
0.50125

0.69522
0.69602
0.69682
0.69761
0.69841
0.69921
0.70000
0.70080
0.70159
0.70238
0.70317
0.70396
0.70475
0.70553
0.70632
0.70710
0.70789
0.70867
0.70945
0.71023
0.71101
0.71179
0.71256
0.71334
0.71411
0.71489
0.71566
0.71643
0.71720
0.71797
0.71874
0.71951
0.72028
0.72104
0.72181
0.72257
0.72333
0.72410
0.72486
0.72562
0.72638
0.72714
0.72789
0.72865
0.72941
0.73016

1,651.4
1,651.4
1,651.5
1,651.6
1,651.7
1,651.8
1,651.9
1,652.0
1,652.1
1,652.1
1,652.2
1,652.3
1,652.4
1,652.5
1,652.5
1,652.6
1,652.7
1,652.8
1,652.8
1,652.9
1,653.0
1,653.1
1,653.1
1,653.2
1,653.3
1,653.3
1,653.4
1,653.5
1,653.5
1,653.6
1,653.6
1,653.7
1,653.8
1,653.8
1,653.9
1,653.9
1,654.0
1,654.0
1,654.1
1,654.2
1,654.2
1,654.3
1,654.3
1,654.4
1,654.4
1,654.5

399.91
400.26
400.62
400.97
401.32
401.67
402.02
402.37
402.72
403.06
403.41
403.75
404.10
404.44
404.78
405.12
405.46
405.80
406.13
406.47
406.80
407.14
407.47
407.80
408.13
408.46
408.79
409.12
409.45
409.78
410.10
410.43
410.75
411.07
411.40
411.72
412.04
412.36
412.68
412.99
413.31
413.63
413.94
414.26
414.57
414.88
415.19
415.50
415.81
416.12
416.43
416.74

247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298

0.5360
0.5381
0.5402
0.5423
0.5444
0.5465
0.5486
0.5507
0.5528
0.5550
0.5571
0.5592
0.5613
0.5634
0.5655
0.5676
0.5697
0.5718
0.5739
0.5760
0.5782
0.5803
0.5824
0.5845
0.5866
0.5887
0.5908
0.5929
0.5950
0.5971
0.5993
0.6014
0.6035
0.6056
0.6077
0.6098
0.6119
0.6140
0.6162
0.6183
0.6204
0.6225
0.6246
0.6267
0.6288
0.6310
0.6331
0.6352
0.6373
0.6394
0.6415
0.6436

1.8658
1.8584
1.8512
1.8440
1.8369
1.8298
1.8227
1.8158
1.8088
1.8020
1.7952
1.7884
1.7817
1.7750
1.7684
1.7618
1.7553
1.7488
1.7424
1.7360
1.7297
1.7234
1.7171
1.7109
1.7048
1.6987
1.6926
1.6866
1.6806
1.6746
1.6687
1.6629
1.6571
1.6513
1.6455
1.6398
1.6342
1.6286
1.6230
1.6174
1.6119
1.6064
1.6010
1.5956
1.5902
1.5849
1.5796
1.5744
1.5691
1.5639
1.5588
1.5537

1,116.9
1,116.9
1,117.0
1,117.0
1,117.0
1,117.1
1,117.1
1,117.1
1,117.2
1,117.2
1,117.2
1,117.3
1,117.3
1,117.3
1,117.4
1,117.4
1,117.4
1,117.5
1,117.5
1,117.5
1,117.5
1,117.6
1,117.6
1,117.6
1,117.7
1,117.7
1,117.7
1,117.7
1,117.8
1,117.8
1,117.8
1,117.9
1,117.9
1,117.9
1,117.9
1,118.0
1,118.0
1,118.0
1,118.0
1,118.1
1,118.1
1,118.1
1,118.1
1,118.2
1,118.2
1,118.2
1,118.2
1,118.3
1,118.3
1,118.3
1,118.3
1,118.4

1,202.2
1,202.3
1,202.3
1,202.4
1,202.4
1,202.5
1,202.5
1,202.5
1,202.6
1,202.6
1,202.7
1,202.7
1,202.7
1,202.8
1,202.8
1,202.9
1,202.9
1,202.9
1,203.0
1,203.0
1,203.1
1,203.1
1,203.1
1,203.2
1,203.2
1,203.2
1,203.3
1,203.3
1,203.4
1,203.4
1,203.4
1,203.5
1,203.5
1,203.5
1,203.6
1,203.6
1,203.6
1,203.7
1,203.7
1,203.7
1,203.8
1,203.8
1,203.8
1,203.9
1,203.9
1,203.9
1,203.9
1,204.0
1,204.0
1,204.0
1,204.1
1,204.1

1.5290
1.5287
1.5283
1.5280
1.5277
1.5273
1.5270
1.5266
1.5263
1.5259
1.5256
1.5253
1.5249
1.5246
1.5243
1.5239
1.5236
1.5233
1.5230
1.5226
1.5223
1.5220
1.5217
1.5213
1.5210
1.5207
1.5204
1.5200
1.5197
1.5194
1.5191
1.5188
1.5185
1.5182
1.5178
1.5175
1.5172
1.5169
1.5166
1.5163
1.5160
1.5157
1.5154
1.5151
1.5148
1.5145
1.5142
1.5139
1.5136
1.5133
1.5130
1.5127

0.50160
0.50195
0.50230
0.50264
0.50299
0.50333
0.50368
0.50402
0.50436
0.50470
0.50504
0.50538
0.50572
0.50606
0.50640
0.50673
0.50707
0.50740
0.50774
0.50807
0.50841
0.50874
0.50907
0.50940
0.50973
0.51006
0.51039
0.51072
0.51104
0.51137
0.51170
0.51202
0.51234
0.51267
0.51299
0.51331
0.51364
0.51396
0.51428
0.51460
0.51491
0.51523
0.51555
0.51587
0.51618
0.51650
0.51682
0.51713
0.51744
0.51776
0.51807
0.51838

0.73092
0.73167
0.73242
0.73317
0.73392
0.73467
0.73542
0.73617
0.73692
0.73766
0.73841
0.73916
0.73990
0.74064
0.74139
0.74213
0.74287
0.74361
0.74435
0.74509
0.74583
0.74657
0.74730
0.74804
0.74877
0.74951
0.75024
0.75098
0.75171
0.75244
0.75317
0.75390
0.75463
0.75536
0.75609
0.75682
0.75755
0.75827
0.75900
0.75973
0.76045
0.76118
0.76190
0.76262
0.76335
0.76407
0.76479
0.76551
0.76623
0.76695
0.76767
0.76839

1,654.5
1,654.5
1,654.6
1,654.6
1,654.7
1,654.7
1,654.8
1,654.8
1,654.8
1,654.9
1,654.9
1,655.0
1,655.0
1,655.0
1,655.1
1,655.1
1,655.2
1,655.2
1,655.2
1,655.3
1,655.3
1,655.3
1,655.3
1,655.4
1,655.4
1,655.4
1,655.5
1,655.5
1,655.5
1,655.5
1,655.6
1,655.6
1,655.6
1,655.6
1,655.7
1,655.7
1,655.7
1,655.7
1,655.8
1,655.8
1,655.8
1,655.8
1,655.8
1,655.8
1,655.9
1,655.9
1,655.9
1,655.9
1,655.9
1,655.9
1,655.9
1,656.0

0.29319
0.29268
0.29217
0.29167
0.29116
0.29066
0.29017
0.28967
0.28918
0.28869
0.28820
0.28772
0.28723
0.28675
0.28628
0.28580
0.28533
0.28486
0.28439
0.28392
0.28346
0.28300
0.28254
0.28208
0.28162
0.28117
0.28072
0.28027
0.27983
0.27938
0.27894
0.27850
0.27806
0.27763
0.27719
0.27676
0.27633
0.27590
0.27548
0.27505
0.27463
0.27421
0.27379
0.27338
0.27296
0.27255
0.27214
0.27173
0.27132
0.27092
0.27052
0.27011

417.05
417.35
417.66
417.96
418.27
418.57
418.87
419.17
419.47
419.77
420.07
420.37
420.67
420.97
421.26
421.56
421.85
422.15
422.44
422.73
423.02
423.31
423.61
423.90
424.18
424.47
424.76
425.05
425.33
425.62
425.90
426.19
426.47
426.75
427.04
427.32
427.60
427.88
428.16
428.44
428.72
429.00
429.27
429.55
429.83
430.10
430.38
430.65
430.92
431.20
431.47
431.74

299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350

0.6458
0.6479
0.6500
0.6521
0.6542
0.6563
0.6585
0.6606
0.6627
0.6648
0.6669
0.6691
0.6712
0.6733
0.6754
0.6775
0.6796
0.6818
0.6839
0.6860
0.6881
0.6903
0.6924
0.6945
0.6966
0.6987
0.7009
0.7030
0.7051
0.7072
0.7094
0.7115
0.7136
0.7157
0.7178
0.7200
0.7221
0.7242
0.7263
0.7285
0.7306
0.7327
0.7349
0.7370
0.7391
0.7412
0.7434
0.7455
0.7476
0.7497
0.7519
0.7540

1.5486
1.5435
1.5385
1.5335
1.5285
1.5236
1.5187
1.5138
1.5090
1.5042
1.4994
1.4947
1.4899
1.4853
1.4806
1.4760
1.4714
1.4668
1.4622
1.4577
1.4532
1.4488
1.4443
1.4399
1.4355
1.4312
1.4268
1.4225
1.4182
1.4140
1.4097
1.4055
1.4014
1.3972
1.3931
1.3889
1.3849
1.3808
1.3768
1.3727
1.3687
1.3648
1.3608
1.3569
1.3530
1.3491
1.3452
1.3414
1.3376
1.3338
1.3300
1.3263

1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.5
1,118.5
1,118.5
1,118.5
1,118.6
1,118.6
1,118.6
1,118.6
1,118.6
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.1
1,119.1
1,119.1
1,119.1
1,119.1
1,119.1
1,119.2
1,119.2
1,119.2
1,119.2
1,119.2
1,119.2
1,119.2
1,119.3
1,119.3
1,119.3

1,204.1
1,204.1
1,204.2
1,204.2
1,204.2
1,204.3
1,204.3
1,204.3
1,204.3
1,204.4
1,204.4
1,204.4
1,204.4
1,204.5
1,204.5
1,204.5
1,204.5
1,204.6
1,204.6
1,204.6
1,204.6
1,204.7
1,204.7
1,204.7
1,204.7
1,204.7
1,204.8
1,204.8
1,204.8
1,204.8
1,204.9
1,204.9
1,204.9
1,204.9
1,204.9
1,205.0
1,205.0
1,205.0
1,205.0
1,205.0
1,205.0
1,205.1
1,205.1
1,205.1
1,205.1
1,205.1
1,205.2
1,205.2
1,205.2
1,205.2
1,205.2
1,205.2

1.5124
1.5121
1.5118
1.5115
1.5112
1.5109
1.5106
1.5104
1.5101
1.5098
1.5095
1.5092
1.5089
1.5086
1.5083
1.5081
1.5078
1.5075
1.5072
1.5069
1.5067
1.5064
1.5061
1.5058
1.5056
1.5053
1.5050
1.5047
1.5045
1.5042
1.5039
1.5036
1.5034
1.5031
1.5028
1.5026
1.5023
1.5020
1.5018
1.5015
1.5012
1.5010
1.5007
1.5004
1.5002
1.4999
1.4997
1.4994
1.4991
1.4989
1.4986
1.4984

0.51869
0.51900
0.51931
0.51962
0.51993
0.52024
0.52055
0.52085
0.52116
0.52147
0.52177
0.52208
0.52238
0.52269
0.52299
0.52329
0.52359
0.52389
0.52419
0.52449
0.52479
0.52509
0.52539
0.52569
0.52599
0.52628
0.52658
0.52688
0.52717
0.52747
0.52776
0.52806
0.52835
0.52864
0.52893
0.52923
0.52952
0.52981
0.53010
0.53039
0.53068
0.53096
0.53125
0.53154
0.53183
0.53211
0.53240
0.53269
0.53297
0.53326
0.53354
0.53382

0.76910
0.76982
0.77054
0.77126
0.77197
0.77269
0.77340
0.77412
0.77483
0.77554
0.77625
0.77697
0.77768
0.77839
0.77910
0.77981
0.78052
0.78123
0.78194
0.78265
0.78335
0.78406
0.78477
0.78547
0.78618
0.78689
0.78759
0.78830
0.78900
0.78970
0.79041
0.79111
0.79181
0.79251
0.79322
0.79392
0.79462
0.79532
0.79602
0.79672
0.79742
0.79812
0.79881
0.79951
0.80021
0.80091
0.80160
0.80230
0.80300
0.80369
0.80439
0.80508

1,656.0
1,656.0
1,656.0
1,656.0
1,656.0
1,656.0
1,656.0
1,656.0
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.1
1,656.0
1,656.0
1,656.0
1,656.0
1,656.0
1,656.0
1,656.0
1,656.0
1,656.0
1,656.0
1,656.0
1,655.9

0.26971
0.26932
0.26892
0.26852
0.26813
0.26774
0.26735
0.26696
0.26658
0.26619
0.26581
0.26543
0.26505
0.26467
0.26429
0.26392
0.26355
0.26317
0.26280
0.26244
0.26207
0.26170
0.26134
0.26098
0.26062
0.26026
0.25990
0.25954
0.25919
0.25883
0.25848
0.25813
0.25778
0.25743
0.25708
0.25674
0.25639
0.25605
0.25571
0.25537
0.25503
0.25469
0.25436
0.25402
0.25369
0.25336
0.25303
0.25270
0.25237
0.25204
0.25172
0.25139

432.01
432.28
432.55
432.82
433.09
433.36
433.62
433.89
434.16
434.42
434.69
434.95
435.22
435.48
435.74
436.01
436.27
436.53
436.79
437.05
437.31
437.57
437.83
438.09
438.34
438.60
438.86
439.11
439.37
439.62
439.88
440.13
440.38
440.64
440.89
441.14
441.39
441.64
441.89
442.14
442.39
442.64
442.89
443.14
443.39
443.63
443.88
444.13
444.37
444.62

351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400

0.7561
0.7583
0.7604
0.7625
0.7647
0.7668
0.7689
0.7711
0.7732
0.7753
0.7775
0.7796
0.7817
0.7839
0.7860
0.7881
0.7903
0.7924
0.7945
0.7967
0.7988
0.8009
0.8031
0.8052
0.8073
0.8095
0.8116
0.8138
0.8159
0.8180
0.8202
0.8223
0.8245
0.8266
0.8287
0.8309
0.8330
0.8352
0.8373
0.8394
0.8416
0.8437
0.8459
0.8480
0.8502
0.8523
0.8544
0.8566
0.8587
0.8609

1.3225
1.3188
1.3151
1.3114
1.3078
1.3041
1.3005
1.2969
1.2934
1.2898
1.2863
1.2827
1.2792
1.2758
1.2723
1.2689
1.2654
1.2620
1.2586
1.2553
1.2519
1.2486
1.2452
1.2419
1.2386
1.2354
1.2321
1.2289
1.2257
1.2225
1.2193
1.2161
1.2129
1.2098
1.2067
1.2036
1.2005
1.1974
1.1943
1.1913
1.1882
1.1852
1.1822
1.1792
1.1763
1.1733
1.1704
1.1674
1.1645
1.1616

1,119.3
1,119.3
1,119.3
1,119.3
1,119.3
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.8
1,119.8

1,205.3
1,205.3
1,205.3
1,205.3
1,205.3
1,205.3
1,205.3
1,205.4
1,205.4
1,205.4
1,205.4
1,205.4
1,205.4
1,205.4
1,205.5
1,205.5
1,205.5
1,205.5
1,205.5
1,205.5
1,205.5
1,205.5
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8

1.4981
1.4978
1.4976
1.4973
1.4971
1.4968
1.4966
1.4963
1.4961
1.4958
1.4956
1.4953
1.4951
1.4948
1.4946
1.4943
1.4941
1.4938
1.4936
1.4933
1.4931
1.4928
1.4926
1.4924
1.4921
1.4919
1.4916
1.4914
1.4911
1.4909
1.4907
1.4904
1.4902
1.4899
1.4897
1.4895
1.4892
1.4890
1.4888
1.4885
1.4883
1.4881
1.4878
1.4876
1.4874
1.4871
1.4869
1.4867
1.4864
1.4862

0.53411
0.53439
0.53467
0.53496
0.53524
0.53552
0.53580
0.53608
0.53636
0.53664
0.53692
0.53719
0.53747
0.53775
0.53803
0.53830
0.53858
0.53886
0.53913
0.53941
0.53968
0.53995
0.54023
0.54050
0.54077
0.54105
0.54132
0.54159
0.54186
0.54213
0.54240
0.54267
0.54294
0.54321
0.54348
0.54375
0.54401
0.54428
0.54455
0.54482
0.54508
0.54535
0.54561
0.54588
0.54614
0.54641
0.54667
0.54693
0.54720
0.54746

0.80578
0.80647
0.80717
0.80786
0.80855
0.80925
0.80994
0.81063
0.81132
0.81202
0.81271
0.81340
0.81409
0.81478
0.81547
0.81616
0.81685
0.81754
0.81823
0.81892
0.81960
0.82029
0.82098
0.82167
0.82236
0.82304
0.82373
0.82442
0.82510
0.82579
0.82647
0.82716
0.82784
0.82853
0.82921
0.82990
0.83058
0.83127
0.83195
0.83263
0.83332
0.83400
0.83468
0.83537
0.83605
0.83673
0.83741
0.83809
0.83878
0.83946

1,655.9
1,655.9
1,655.9
1,655.9
1,655.9
1,655.9
1,655.8
1,655.8
1,655.8
1,655.8
1,655.8
1,655.8
1,655.7
1,655.7
1,655.7
1,655.7
1,655.7
1,655.7
1,655.6
1,655.6
1,655.6
1,655.6
1,655.6
1,655.5
1,655.5
1,655.5
1,655.5
1,655.4
1,655.4
1,655.4
1,655.4
1,655.4
1,655.3
1,655.3
1,655.3
1,655.3
1,655.2
1,655.2
1,655.2
1,655.2
1,655.1
1,655.1
1,655.1
1,655.0
1,655.0
1,655.0
1,655.0
1,654.9
1,654.9
1,654.9

0.25107
0.25075
0.25043
0.25011
0.24979
0.24947
0.24915
0.24884
0.24853
0.24821
0.24790
0.24759
0.24728
0.24697
0.24667
0.24636
0.24606
0.24575
0.24545
0.24515
0.24485
0.24455
0.24425
0.24395
0.24366
0.24336
0.24307
0.24278
0.24248
0.24219
0.24190
0.24161
0.24133
0.24104
0.24075
0.24047
0.24019
0.23990
0.23962
0.23934
0.23906
0.23878
0.23850
0.23823
0.23795
0.23767
0.23740
0.23713
0.23685
0.23658

Auxiliary Data
( All data downloaded from NIST website: http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/fluid/ )

Reference States
Internal energy
Entropy

U=
S=

0.0
0.0

at 273.16 K for saturated liquid.


at 273.16 K for saturated liquid.

Additional fluid data


Critical temperature (Tc)
Critical pressure (Pc)
Critical density (Dc)
Acentric factor
Normal boiling point
Dipole moment

705.10
3200.1
20.102
0.3443
211.95
1.855

F
psia
lbm/ft3

F
Debye

7.14

7.00

6.29

4.57

Viscosity
(cP)

Therm.
Cond.
(W/m*K)

Surf.
Tension
(lb/in)

Phase

0.13827
0.13810
0.13793
0.13776
0.13759
0.13742
0.13725
0.13708
0.13692
0.13675
0.13659
0.13643
0.13626
0.13610
0.13594
0.13578
0.13563
0.13547
0.13531
0.13516
0.13500
0.13485
0.13470
0.13455
0.13440
0.13425
0.13410
0.13395
0.13380
0.13366
0.13351
0.13336
0.13322
0.13308
0.13293
0.13279
0.13265
0.13251
0.13237
0.13223
0.13210
0.13196
0.13182
0.13169
0.13155

0.66638
0.66626
0.66613
0.66600
0.66588
0.66575
0.66563
0.66550
0.66538
0.66525
0.66513
0.66500
0.66488
0.66475
0.66463
0.66450
0.66438
0.66425
0.66413
0.66400
0.66388
0.66375
0.66363
0.66350
0.66338
0.66326
0.66313
0.66301
0.66288
0.66276
0.66263
0.66251
0.66238
0.66226
0.66213
0.66201
0.66188
0.66176
0.66164
0.66151
0.66139
0.66126
0.66114
0.66101
0.66089

0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.13142
0.13128
0.13115
0.13102
0.13089
0.13075
0.13062
0.13049
0.13037
0.13024
0.13011
0.12998
0.12986
0.12973
0.12961
0.12948
0.12936
0.12923
0.12911
0.12899
0.12887
0.12875
0.12862
0.12851
0.12839
0.12827
0.12815
0.12803
0.12791
0.12780
0.12768
0.12757
0.12745
0.12734
0.12722
0.12711
0.12700
0.12688
0.12677
0.12666
0.12655
0.12644
0.12633
0.12622
0.12611
0.12600
0.12589
0.12579
0.12568
0.12557
0.12547
0.12536

0.66076
0.66064
0.66052
0.66039
0.66027
0.66014
0.66002
0.65990
0.65977
0.65965
0.65952
0.65940
0.65928
0.65915
0.65903
0.65890
0.65878
0.65866
0.65853
0.65841
0.65829
0.65816
0.65804
0.65791
0.65779
0.65767
0.65754
0.65742
0.65730
0.65717
0.65705
0.65693
0.65680
0.65668
0.65656
0.65643
0.65631
0.65619
0.65606
0.65594
0.65582
0.65569
0.65557
0.65545
0.65533
0.65520
0.65508
0.65496
0.65483
0.65471
0.65459
0.65447

0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.12526
0.12515
0.12505
0.12494
0.12484
0.12474
0.12463
0.12453
0.12443
0.12433
0.12423
0.12413
0.12403
0.12393
0.12383
0.12373
0.12363
0.12353
0.12343
0.12334
0.12324
0.12314
0.12305
0.12295
0.12285
0.12276
0.12266
0.12257
0.12248
0.12238
0.12229
0.12220
0.12210
0.12201
0.12192
0.12183
0.12174
0.12165
0.12155
0.12146
0.12137
0.12129
0.12120
0.12111
0.12102
0.12093
0.12084
0.12075
0.12067
0.12058
0.12049
0.12041

0.65434
0.65422
0.65410
0.65398
0.65385
0.65373
0.65361
0.65349
0.65336
0.65324
0.65312
0.65300
0.65287
0.65275
0.65263
0.65251
0.65238
0.65226
0.65214
0.65202
0.65190
0.65177
0.65165
0.65153
0.65141
0.65129
0.65116
0.65104
0.65092
0.65080
0.65068
0.65055
0.65043
0.65031
0.65019
0.65007
0.64995
0.64983
0.64970
0.64958
0.64946
0.64934
0.64922
0.64910
0.64898
0.64885
0.64873
0.64861
0.64849
0.64837
0.64825
0.64813

0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.12032
0.12024
0.12015
0.12007
0.11998
0.11990
0.11981
0.11973
0.11964
0.11956
0.11948
0.11939
0.11931
0.11923
0.11915
0.11907
0.11899
0.11890
0.11882
0.11874
0.11866
0.11858
0.11850
0.11842
0.11834
0.11827
0.11819
0.11811
0.11803
0.11795
0.11787
0.11780
0.11772
0.11764
0.11757
0.11749
0.11741
0.11734
0.11726
0.11719
0.11711
0.11704
0.11696
0.11689
0.11681
0.11674
0.11666
0.11659
0.11652
0.11644
0.11637

0.64801
0.64788
0.64776
0.64764
0.64752
0.64740
0.64728
0.64716
0.64704
0.64692
0.64680
0.64667
0.64655
0.64643
0.64631
0.64619
0.64607
0.64595
0.64583
0.64571
0.64559
0.64547
0.64535
0.64523
0.64511
0.64499
0.64487
0.64475
0.64463
0.64451
0.64439
0.64426
0.64414
0.64402
0.64390
0.64378
0.64366
0.64354
0.64342
0.64330
0.64318
0.64306
0.64294
0.64282
0.64270
0.64258
0.64246
0.64234
0.64223
0.64211
0.64199

0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

Viscosity
(cP)

Therm.
Cond.
(W/m*K)

Phase

0.01553
0.01554
0.01554
0.01555
0.01556
0.01557
0.01558
0.01558
0.01559
0.01560
0.01561
0.01561
0.01562
0.01563
0.01564
0.01564
0.01565
0.01566
0.01567
0.01567
0.01568
0.01569
0.01570
0.01570
0.01571
0.01572
0.01573
0.01573
0.01574
0.01575
0.01576
0.01576
0.01577
0.01578
0.01578
0.01579
0.01580
0.01580
0.01581
0.01582
0.01583
0.01583
0.01584
0.01585
0.01585
0.01586

0.03908
0.03913
0.03917
0.03921
0.03925
0.03930
0.03934
0.03938
0.03943
0.03947
0.03951
0.03955
0.03959
0.03964
0.03968
0.03972
0.03976
0.03980
0.03985
0.03989
0.03993
0.03997
0.04001
0.04005
0.04009
0.04013
0.04017
0.04021
0.04025
0.04030
0.04034
0.04038
0.04042
0.04046
0.04050
0.04054
0.04058
0.04062
0.04065
0.04069
0.04073
0.04077
0.04081
0.04085
0.04089
0.04093

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01587
0.01587
0.01588
0.01589
0.01589
0.01590
0.01591
0.01591
0.01592
0.01593
0.01593
0.01594
0.01595
0.01595
0.01596
0.01597
0.01597
0.01598
0.01599
0.01599
0.01600
0.01601
0.01601
0.01602
0.01603
0.01603
0.01604
0.01604
0.01605
0.01606
0.01606
0.01607
0.01608
0.01608
0.01609
0.01610
0.01610
0.01611
0.01611
0.01612
0.01613
0.01613
0.01614
0.01614
0.01615
0.01616
0.01616
0.01617
0.01617
0.01618
0.01619
0.01619

0.04097
0.04101
0.04105
0.04108
0.04112
0.04116
0.04120
0.04124
0.04128
0.04132
0.04135
0.04139
0.04143
0.04147
0.04150
0.04154
0.04158
0.04162
0.04166
0.04169
0.04173
0.04177
0.04180
0.04184
0.04188
0.04192
0.04195
0.04199
0.04203
0.04206
0.04210
0.04214
0.04217
0.04221
0.04225
0.04228
0.04232
0.04235
0.04239
0.04243
0.04246
0.04250
0.04253
0.04257
0.04261
0.04264
0.04268
0.04271
0.04275
0.04278
0.04282
0.04285

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01620
0.01620
0.01621
0.01622
0.01622
0.01623
0.01623
0.01624
0.01625
0.01625
0.01626
0.01626
0.01627
0.01627
0.01628
0.01629
0.01629
0.01630
0.01630
0.01631
0.01631
0.01632
0.01633
0.01633
0.01634
0.01634
0.01635
0.01635
0.01636
0.01636
0.01637
0.01638
0.01638
0.01639
0.01639
0.01640
0.01640
0.01641
0.01641
0.01642
0.01643
0.01643
0.01644
0.01644
0.01645
0.01645
0.01646
0.01646
0.01647
0.01647
0.01648
0.01648

0.04289
0.04292
0.04296
0.04300
0.04303
0.04307
0.04310
0.04313
0.04317
0.04320
0.04324
0.04327
0.04331
0.04334
0.04338
0.04341
0.04345
0.04348
0.04351
0.04355
0.04358
0.04362
0.04365
0.04369
0.04372
0.04375
0.04379
0.04382
0.04385
0.04389
0.04392
0.04396
0.04399
0.04402
0.04406
0.04409
0.04412
0.04416
0.04419
0.04422
0.04426
0.04429
0.04432
0.04435
0.04439
0.04442
0.04445
0.04449
0.04452
0.04455
0.04458
0.04462

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01649
0.01649
0.01650
0.01651
0.01651
0.01652
0.01652
0.01653
0.01653
0.01654
0.01654
0.01655
0.01655
0.01656
0.01656
0.01657
0.01657
0.01658
0.01658
0.01659
0.01659
0.01660
0.01660
0.01661
0.01661
0.01662
0.01662
0.01663
0.01663
0.01664
0.01664
0.01665
0.01665
0.01666
0.01666
0.01667
0.01667
0.01668
0.01668
0.01669
0.01669
0.01670
0.01670
0.01671
0.01671
0.01672
0.01672
0.01673
0.01673
0.01674

0.04465
0.04468
0.04472
0.04475
0.04478
0.04481
0.04485
0.04488
0.04491
0.04494
0.04497
0.04501
0.04504
0.04507
0.04510
0.04513
0.04517
0.04520
0.04523
0.04526
0.04529
0.04533
0.04536
0.04539
0.04542
0.04545
0.04548
0.04552
0.04555
0.04558
0.04561
0.04564
0.04567
0.04570
0.04574
0.04577
0.04580
0.04583
0.04586
0.04589
0.04592
0.04595
0.04599
0.04602
0.04605
0.04608
0.04611
0.04614
0.04617
0.04620

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

Water Phase Data


Data
Saturation
Curve
7.57 on 5.57
6.14
7.71
Temperatur Pressure Density
(psia)
(lbm/ft3)
e oF

444.86
445.10
445.35
445.59
445.83
446.08
446.32
446.56
446.80
447.04
447.28
447.52
447.76
448.00
448.24
448.47
448.71
448.95
449.18
449.42
449.66
449.89
450.13
450.36
450.59
450.83
451.06
451.29
451.53
451.76
451.99
452.22
452.45
452.68
452.91
453.14
453.37
453.60
453.82
454.05
454.28
454.51
454.73
454.96
455.18
455.41

401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446

51.688
51.677
51.666
51.654
51.643
51.632
51.621
51.609
51.598
51.587
51.576
51.564
51.553
51.542
51.531
51.520
51.509
51.498
51.487
51.475
51.464
51.453
51.442
51.431
51.420
51.409
51.398
51.387
51.376
51.365
51.354
51.344
51.333
51.322
51.311
51.300
51.289
51.278
51.267
51.257
51.246
51.235
51.224
51.213
51.203
51.192

Volume
(ft3/lbm)

0.01935
0.01935
0.01936
0.01936
0.01936
0.01937
0.01937
0.01938
0.01938
0.01939
0.01939
0.01939
0.01940
0.01940
0.01941
0.01941
0.01941
0.01942
0.01942
0.01943
0.01943
0.01944
0.01944
0.01944
0.01945
0.01945
0.01946
0.01946
0.01946
0.01947
0.01947
0.01948
0.01948
0.01949
0.01949
0.01949
0.01950
0.01950
0.01951
0.01951
0.01951
0.01952
0.01952
0.01953
0.01953
0.01953

6.43
Internal
Energy
(Btu/lbm)

423.28
423.55
423.82
424.08
424.35
424.62
424.89
425.16
425.42
425.69
425.95
426.22
426.48
426.75
427.01
427.28
427.54
427.80
428.06
428.33
428.59
428.85
429.11
429.37
429.63
429.89
430.15
430.40
430.66
430.92
431.18
431.43
431.69
431.95
432.20
432.46
432.71
432.97
433.22
433.47
433.73
433.98
434.23
434.48
434.74
434.99

6.29

7.29

7.43

7.43

6.71

Enthalpy
Entropy
Cv
Cp
Sound
(Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd. (ft/s)

424.71
424.99
425.26
425.53
425.80
426.08
426.35
426.62
426.89
427.16
427.43
427.70
427.97
428.24
428.50
428.77
429.04
429.30
429.57
429.84
430.10
430.37
430.63
430.90
431.16
431.42
431.68
431.95
432.21
432.47
432.73
432.99
433.25
433.51
433.77
434.03
434.29
434.55
434.81
435.06
435.32
435.58
435.83
436.09
436.34
436.60

0.62243
0.62273
0.62303
0.62333
0.62362
0.62392
0.62422
0.62451
0.62481
0.62510
0.62539
0.62569
0.62598
0.62627
0.62656
0.62685
0.62714
0.62743
0.62772
0.62801
0.62830
0.62858
0.62887
0.62916
0.62944
0.62973
0.63001
0.63030
0.63058
0.63086
0.63114
0.63143
0.63171
0.63199
0.63227
0.63255
0.63283
0.63311
0.63339
0.63366
0.63394
0.63422
0.63449
0.63477
0.63505
0.63532

0.76900
0.76890
0.76880
0.76870
0.76860
0.76850
0.76839
0.76829
0.76819
0.76809
0.76799
0.76789
0.76780
0.76770
0.76760
0.76750
0.76740
0.76730
0.76721
0.76711
0.76701
0.76691
0.76682
0.76672
0.76662
0.76653
0.76643
0.76634
0.76624
0.76615
0.76605
0.76596
0.76586
0.76577
0.76568
0.76558
0.76549
0.76540
0.76530
0.76521
0.76512
0.76503
0.76494
0.76484
0.76475
0.76466

1.1192
1.1194
1.1197
1.1199
1.1202
1.1204
1.1207
1.1209
1.1212
1.1214
1.1217
1.1219
1.1222
1.1224
1.1227
1.1230
1.1232
1.1235
1.1237
1.1240
1.1242
1.1245
1.1247
1.1250
1.1252
1.1255
1.1257
1.1260
1.1262
1.1265
1.1267
1.1270
1.1272
1.1275
1.1277
1.1280
1.1282
1.1285
1.1288
1.1290
1.1293
1.1295
1.1298
1.1300
1.1303
1.1305

4,035.9
4,034.3
4,032.6
4,030.9
4,029.3
4,027.6
4,025.9
4,024.3
4,022.6
4,020.9
4,019.3
4,017.6
4,016.0
4,014.3
4,012.7
4,011.0
4,009.4
4,007.8
4,006.1
4,004.5
4,002.8
4,001.2
3,999.6
3,997.9
3,996.3
3,994.7
3,993.1
3,991.4
3,989.8
3,988.2
3,986.6
3,985.0
3,983.3
3,981.7
3,980.1
3,978.5
3,976.9
3,975.3
3,973.7
3,972.1
3,970.5
3,968.9
3,967.3
3,965.7
3,964.1
3,962.5

7.71
JouleThomson
(F/psia)

-0.00051
-0.00050
-0.00050
-0.00050
-0.00049
-0.00049
-0.00049
-0.00048
-0.00048
-0.00048
-0.00047
-0.00047
-0.00047
-0.00046
-0.00046
-0.00046
-0.00045
-0.00045
-0.00045
-0.00044
-0.00044
-0.00044
-0.00043
-0.00043
-0.00043
-0.00042
-0.00042
-0.00042
-0.00041
-0.00041
-0.00041
-0.00040
-0.00040
-0.00040
-0.00039
-0.00039
-0.00039
-0.00038
-0.00038
-0.00038
-0.00037
-0.00037
-0.00037
-0.00036
-0.00036
-0.00036

455.63
455.86
456.08
456.31
456.53
456.75
456.98
457.20
457.42
457.64
457.86
458.08
458.30
458.52
458.74
458.96
459.18
459.40
459.62
459.84
460.05
460.27
460.49
460.70
460.92
461.14
461.35
461.57
461.78
462.00
462.21
462.42
462.64
462.85
463.06
463.27
463.49
463.70
463.91
464.12
464.33
464.54
464.75
464.96
465.17
465.38
465.59
465.80
466.00
466.21
466.42
466.63

447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498

51.181
51.170
51.160
51.149
51.138
51.128
51.117
51.106
51.096
51.085
51.074
51.064
51.053
51.043
51.032
51.021
51.011
51.000
50.990
50.979
50.969
50.958
50.948
50.937
50.927
50.916
50.906
50.895
50.885
50.875
50.864
50.854
50.843
50.833
50.823
50.812
50.802
50.792
50.781
50.771
50.761
50.750
50.740
50.730
50.719
50.709
50.699
50.689
50.679
50.668
50.658
50.648

0.01954
0.01954
0.01955
0.01955
0.01956
0.01956
0.01956
0.01957
0.01957
0.01958
0.01958
0.01958
0.01959
0.01959
0.01960
0.01960
0.01960
0.01961
0.01961
0.01962
0.01962
0.01962
0.01963
0.01963
0.01964
0.01964
0.01964
0.01965
0.01965
0.01966
0.01966
0.01966
0.01967
0.01967
0.01968
0.01968
0.01968
0.01969
0.01969
0.01970
0.01970
0.01970
0.01971
0.01971
0.01972
0.01972
0.01972
0.01973
0.01973
0.01974
0.01974
0.01974

435.24
435.49
435.74
435.99
436.24
436.49
436.73
436.98
437.23
437.48
437.72
437.97
438.22
438.46
438.71
438.95
439.20
439.44
439.69
439.93
440.17
440.42
440.66
440.90
441.14
441.38
441.63
441.87
442.11
442.35
442.59
442.83
443.07
443.31
443.54
443.78
444.02
444.26
444.49
444.73
444.97
445.20
445.44
445.67
445.91
446.14
446.38
446.61
446.85
447.08
447.31
447.55

436.85
437.11
437.36
437.62
437.87
438.12
438.37
438.63
438.88
439.13
439.38
439.63
439.88
440.13
440.38
440.63
440.88
441.13
441.38
441.62
441.87
442.12
442.36
442.61
442.86
443.10
443.35
443.59
443.84
444.08
444.32
444.57
444.81
445.05
445.30
445.54
445.78
446.02
446.26
446.50
446.74
446.98
447.22
447.46
447.70
447.94
448.18
448.42
448.66
448.89
449.13
449.37

0.63559
0.63587
0.63614
0.63642
0.63669
0.63696
0.63723
0.63750
0.63777
0.63804
0.63831
0.63858
0.63885
0.63912
0.63939
0.63965
0.63992
0.64019
0.64045
0.64072
0.64098
0.64125
0.64151
0.64177
0.64204
0.64230
0.64256
0.64283
0.64309
0.64335
0.64361
0.64387
0.64413
0.64439
0.64465
0.64490
0.64516
0.64542
0.64568
0.64593
0.64619
0.64645
0.64670
0.64696
0.64721
0.64747
0.64772
0.64797
0.64823
0.64848
0.64873
0.64898

0.76457
0.76448
0.76439
0.76430
0.76421
0.76412
0.76403
0.76394
0.76385
0.76376
0.76367
0.76358
0.76350
0.76341
0.76332
0.76323
0.76315
0.76306
0.76297
0.76288
0.76280
0.76271
0.76263
0.76254
0.76245
0.76237
0.76228
0.76220
0.76211
0.76203
0.76194
0.76186
0.76178
0.76169
0.76161
0.76153
0.76144
0.76136
0.76128
0.76119
0.76111
0.76103
0.76095
0.76086
0.76078
0.76070
0.76062
0.76054
0.76046
0.76038
0.76030
0.76022

1.1308
1.1310
1.1313
1.1315
1.1318
1.1320
1.1323
1.1325
1.1328
1.1330
1.1333
1.1336
1.1338
1.1341
1.1343
1.1346
1.1348
1.1351
1.1353
1.1356
1.1358
1.1361
1.1363
1.1366
1.1368
1.1371
1.1374
1.1376
1.1379
1.1381
1.1384
1.1386
1.1389
1.1391
1.1394
1.1396
1.1399
1.1401
1.1404
1.1407
1.1409
1.1412
1.1414
1.1417
1.1419
1.1422
1.1424
1.1427
1.1429
1.1432
1.1435
1.1437

3,960.9
3,959.3
3,957.7
3,956.2
3,954.6
3,953.0
3,951.4
3,949.8
3,948.3
3,946.7
3,945.1
3,943.5
3,942.0
3,940.4
3,938.8
3,937.3
3,935.7
3,934.1
3,932.6
3,931.0
3,929.5
3,927.9
3,926.4
3,924.8
3,923.2
3,921.7
3,920.1
3,918.6
3,917.1
3,915.5
3,914.0
3,912.4
3,910.9
3,909.4
3,907.8
3,906.3
3,904.8
3,903.2
3,901.7
3,900.2
3,898.6
3,897.1
3,895.6
3,894.1
3,892.5
3,891.0
3,889.5
3,888.0
3,886.5
3,885.0
3,883.5
3,881.9

-0.00035
-0.00035
-0.00035
-0.00034
-0.00034
-0.00034
-0.00033
-0.00033
-0.00033
-0.00032
-0.00032
-0.00032
-0.00031
-0.00031
-0.00031
-0.00030
-0.00030
-0.00030
-0.00030
-0.00029
-0.00029
-0.00029
-0.00028
-0.00028
-0.00028
-0.00027
-0.00027
-0.00027
-0.00026
-0.00026
-0.00026
-0.00025
-0.00025
-0.00025
-0.00024
-0.00024
-0.00024
-0.00023
-0.00023
-0.00023
-0.00022
-0.00022
-0.00022
-0.00021
-0.00021
-0.00021
-0.00020
-0.00020
-0.00020
-0.00019
-0.00019
-0.00019

466.83
467.04
467.24
467.45
467.66
467.86
468.07
468.27
468.47
468.68
468.88
469.09
469.29
469.49
469.69
469.90
470.10
470.30
470.50
470.70
470.90
471.10
471.30
471.50
471.70
471.90
472.10
472.30
472.49
472.69
472.89
473.09
473.28
473.48
473.68
473.87
474.07
474.27
474.46
474.66
474.85
475.05
475.24
475.43
475.63
475.82
476.01
476.21
476.40
476.59
476.78
476.98

499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550

50.638
50.628
50.617
50.607
50.597
50.587
50.577
50.567
50.557
50.546
50.536
50.526
50.516
50.506
50.496
50.486
50.476
50.466
50.456
50.446
50.436
50.426
50.416
50.406
50.396
50.386
50.376
50.366
50.356
50.346
50.336
50.327
50.317
50.307
50.297
50.287
50.277
50.267
50.257
50.248
50.238
50.228
50.218
50.208
50.199
50.189
50.179
50.169
50.160
50.150
50.140
50.130

0.01975
0.01975
0.01976
0.01976
0.01976
0.01977
0.01977
0.01978
0.01978
0.01978
0.01979
0.01979
0.01980
0.01980
0.01980
0.01981
0.01981
0.01982
0.01982
0.01982
0.01983
0.01983
0.01984
0.01984
0.01984
0.01985
0.01985
0.01986
0.01986
0.01986
0.01987
0.01987
0.01987
0.01988
0.01988
0.01989
0.01989
0.01989
0.01990
0.01990
0.01991
0.01991
0.01991
0.01992
0.01992
0.01993
0.01993
0.01993
0.01994
0.01994
0.01994
0.01995

447.78
448.01
448.24
448.48
448.71
448.94
449.17
449.40
449.63
449.86
450.09
450.32
450.55
450.78
451.00
451.23
451.46
451.69
451.91
452.14
452.37
452.59
452.82
453.04
453.27
453.50
453.72
453.94
454.17
454.39
454.62
454.84
455.06
455.29
455.51
455.73
455.95
456.17
456.39
456.62
456.84
457.06
457.28
457.50
457.72
457.94
458.16
458.37
458.59
458.81
459.03
459.25

449.60
449.84
450.08
450.31
450.55
450.78
451.02
451.25
451.49
451.72
451.95
452.19
452.42
452.65
452.88
453.12
453.35
453.58
453.81
454.04
454.27
454.50
454.73
454.96
455.19
455.42
455.65
455.88
456.11
456.33
456.56
456.79
457.02
457.24
457.47
457.70
457.92
458.15
458.37
458.60
458.82
459.05
459.27
459.50
459.72
459.94
460.17
460.39
460.61
460.84
461.06
461.28

0.64923
0.64949
0.64974
0.64999
0.65024
0.65049
0.65074
0.65098
0.65123
0.65148
0.65173
0.65198
0.65222
0.65247
0.65271
0.65296
0.65321
0.65345
0.65370
0.65394
0.65418
0.65443
0.65467
0.65491
0.65515
0.65540
0.65564
0.65588
0.65612
0.65636
0.65660
0.65684
0.65708
0.65732
0.65756
0.65780
0.65804
0.65827
0.65851
0.65875
0.65898
0.65922
0.65946
0.65969
0.65993
0.66016
0.66040
0.66063
0.66087
0.66110
0.66133
0.66157

0.76014
0.76006
0.75998
0.75990
0.75982
0.75974
0.75966
0.75958
0.75950
0.75942
0.75934
0.75927
0.75919
0.75911
0.75903
0.75895
0.75888
0.75880
0.75872
0.75865
0.75857
0.75849
0.75842
0.75834
0.75827
0.75819
0.75811
0.75804
0.75796
0.75789
0.75781
0.75774
0.75766
0.75759
0.75752
0.75744
0.75737
0.75729
0.75722
0.75715
0.75707
0.75700
0.75693
0.75685
0.75678
0.75671
0.75664
0.75656
0.75649
0.75642
0.75635
0.75628

1.1440
1.1442
1.1445
1.1447
1.1450
1.1452
1.1455
1.1458
1.1460
1.1463
1.1465
1.1468
1.1470
1.1473
1.1475
1.1478
1.1481
1.1483
1.1486
1.1488
1.1491
1.1493
1.1496
1.1499
1.1501
1.1504
1.1506
1.1509
1.1511
1.1514
1.1516
1.1519
1.1522
1.1524
1.1527
1.1529
1.1532
1.1534
1.1537
1.1540
1.1542
1.1545
1.1547
1.1550
1.1553
1.1555
1.1558
1.1560
1.1563
1.1565
1.1568
1.1571

3,880.4
3,878.9
3,877.4
3,875.9
3,874.4
3,872.9
3,871.4
3,869.9
3,868.4
3,866.9
3,865.4
3,863.9
3,862.4
3,860.9
3,859.5
3,858.0
3,856.5
3,855.0
3,853.5
3,852.0
3,850.5
3,849.1
3,847.6
3,846.1
3,844.6
3,843.2
3,841.7
3,840.2
3,838.7
3,837.3
3,835.8
3,834.3
3,832.9
3,831.4
3,829.9
3,828.5
3,827.0
3,825.6
3,824.1
3,822.6
3,821.2
3,819.7
3,818.3
3,816.8
3,815.4
3,813.9
3,812.5
3,811.0
3,809.6
3,808.1
3,806.7
3,805.3

-0.00018
-0.00018
-0.00018
-0.00017
-0.00017
-0.00017
-0.00016
-0.00016
-0.00016
-0.00015
-0.00015
-0.00015
-0.00014
-0.00014
-0.00014
-0.00013
-0.00013
-0.00013
-0.00012
-0.00012
-0.00012
-0.00011
-0.00011
-0.00011
-0.00010
-0.00010
-0.00010
-0.00009
-0.00009
-0.00009
-0.00008
-0.00008
-0.00008
-0.00007
-0.00007
-0.00007
-0.00006
-0.00006
-0.00006
-0.00005
-0.00005
-0.00005
-0.00004
-0.00004
-0.00004
-0.00003
-0.00003
-0.00003
-0.00002
-0.00002
-0.00002
-0.00001

477.17
477.36
477.55
477.74
477.93
478.12
478.31
478.50
478.69
478.88
479.07
479.26
479.45
479.63
479.82
480.01
480.20
480.38
480.57
480.76
480.94
481.13
481.32
481.50
481.69
481.87
482.06
482.24
482.43
482.61
482.79
482.98
483.16
483.34
483.53
483.71
483.89
484.07
484.26
484.44
484.62
484.80
484.98
485.16
485.34
485.52
485.70
485.88
486.06
486.24

551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600

50.121
50.111
50.101
50.091
50.082
50.072
50.062
50.053
50.043
50.033
50.024
50.014
50.004
49.995
49.985
49.976
49.966
49.956
49.947
49.937
49.928
49.918
49.909
49.899
49.890
49.880
49.870
49.861
49.851
49.842
49.832
49.823
49.813
49.804
49.795
49.785
49.776
49.766
49.757
49.747
49.738
49.728
49.719
49.710
49.700
49.691
49.681
49.672
49.663
49.653

0.01995
0.01996
0.01996
0.01996
0.01997
0.01997
0.01998
0.01998
0.01998
0.01999
0.01999
0.01999
0.02000
0.02000
0.02001
0.02001
0.02001
0.02002
0.02002
0.02003
0.02003
0.02003
0.02004
0.02004
0.02004
0.02005
0.02005
0.02006
0.02006
0.02006
0.02007
0.02007
0.02008
0.02008
0.02008
0.02009
0.02009
0.02009
0.02010
0.02010
0.02011
0.02011
0.02011
0.02012
0.02012
0.02012
0.02013
0.02013
0.02014
0.02014

459.47
459.68
459.90
460.12
460.33
460.55
460.77
460.98
461.20
461.41
461.63
461.84
462.06
462.27
462.48
462.70
462.91
463.12
463.34
463.55
463.76
463.97
464.19
464.40
464.61
464.82
465.03
465.24
465.45
465.66
465.87
466.08
466.29
466.50
466.71
466.92
467.13
467.34
467.55
467.75
467.96
468.17
468.38
468.58
468.79
469.00
469.20
469.41
469.61
469.82

461.50
461.72
461.94
462.16
462.39
462.61
462.83
463.05
463.27
463.48
463.70
463.92
464.14
464.36
464.58
464.80
465.01
465.23
465.45
465.66
465.88
466.10
466.31
466.53
466.74
466.96
467.17
467.39
467.60
467.82
468.03
468.25
468.46
468.67
468.89
469.10
469.31
469.53
469.74
469.95
470.16
470.37
470.58
470.80
471.01
471.22
471.43
471.64
471.85
472.06

0.66180
0.66203
0.66226
0.66249
0.66273
0.66296
0.66319
0.66342
0.66365
0.66388
0.66411
0.66434
0.66457
0.66479
0.66502
0.66525
0.66548
0.66571
0.66593
0.66616
0.66639
0.66661
0.66684
0.66706
0.66729
0.66751
0.66774
0.66796
0.66818
0.66841
0.66863
0.66885
0.66908
0.66930
0.66952
0.66974
0.66997
0.67019
0.67041
0.67063
0.67085
0.67107
0.67129
0.67151
0.67173
0.67195
0.67216
0.67238
0.67260
0.67282

0.75621
0.75614
0.75606
0.75599
0.75592
0.75585
0.75578
0.75571
0.75564
0.75557
0.75550
0.75543
0.75536
0.75529
0.75522
0.75515
0.75509
0.75502
0.75495
0.75488
0.75481
0.75474
0.75468
0.75461
0.75454
0.75447
0.75440
0.75434
0.75427
0.75420
0.75414
0.75407
0.75400
0.75394
0.75387
0.75380
0.75374
0.75367
0.75361
0.75354
0.75347
0.75341
0.75334
0.75328
0.75321
0.75315
0.75308
0.75302
0.75296
0.75289

1.1573
1.1576
1.1578
1.1581
1.1584
1.1586
1.1589
1.1591
1.1594
1.1596
1.1599
1.1602
1.1604
1.1607
1.1609
1.1612
1.1615
1.1617
1.1620
1.1622
1.1625
1.1628
1.1630
1.1633
1.1635
1.1638
1.1641
1.1643
1.1646
1.1649
1.1651
1.1654
1.1656
1.1659
1.1662
1.1664
1.1667
1.1669
1.1672
1.1675
1.1677
1.1680
1.1683
1.1685
1.1688
1.1690
1.1693
1.1696
1.1698
1.1701

3,803.8
3,802.4
3,800.9
3,799.5
3,798.1
3,796.6
3,795.2
3,793.8
3,792.3
3,790.9
3,789.5
3,788.1
3,786.6
3,785.2
3,783.8
3,782.4
3,780.9
3,779.5
3,778.1
3,776.7
3,775.3
3,773.8
3,772.4
3,771.0
3,769.6
3,768.2
3,766.8
3,765.4
3,764.0
3,762.6
3,761.2
3,759.8
3,758.4
3,757.0
3,755.6
3,754.2
3,752.8
3,751.4
3,750.0
3,748.6
3,747.2
3,745.8
3,744.4
3,743.0
3,741.6
3,740.2
3,738.8
3,737.4
3,736.1
3,734.7

-0.00001
-0.00001
0.00000
0.000001
0.000005
0.000008
0.000011
0.000015
0.000018
0.000021
0.000025
0.000028
0.000031
0.000035
0.000038
0.000041
0.000045
0.000048
0.000051
0.000055
0.000058
0.000062
0.000065
0.000068
0.000072
0.000075
0.000078
0.000082
0.000085
0.000088
0.000092
0.000095
0.000099
0.000102
0.000105
0.000109
0.000112
0.000115
0.000119
0.000122
0.000125
0.000129
0.000132
0.000136
0.000139
0.000142
0.000146
0.000149
0.000152
0.000156

Vapor Phase Data


Data on Saturation Curve
Temperatur Pressure Density
e (F)
(psia)
(lbm/ft3)

444.86
445.10
445.35
445.59
445.83
446.08
446.32
446.56
446.80
447.04
447.28
447.52
447.76
448.00
448.24
448.47
448.71
448.95
449.18
449.42
449.66
449.89
450.13
450.36
450.59
450.83
451.06
451.29
451.53
451.76
451.99
452.22
452.45
452.68
452.91
453.14
453.37
453.60
453.82
454.05
454.28
454.51
454.73
454.96
455.18
455.41

401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446

0.8630
0.8652
0.8673
0.8695
0.8716
0.8738
0.8759
0.8781
0.8802
0.8824
0.8845
0.8867
0.8888
0.8910
0.8931
0.8953
0.8974
0.8996
0.9017
0.9039
0.9060
0.9082
0.9103
0.9125
0.9146
0.9168
0.9190
0.9211
0.9233
0.9254
0.9276
0.9297
0.9319
0.9341
0.9362
0.9384
0.9405
0.9427
0.9449
0.9470
0.9492
0.9513
0.9535
0.9557
0.9578
0.9600

Volume
(ft3/lbm)

Internal
Energy
(Btu/lbm)

Enthalpy
Entropy
Cv
Cp
Sound
(Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd. (ft/s)

1.15870
1.15580
1.15300
1.15010
1.14730
1.14450
1.14170
1.13890
1.13610
1.13330
1.13060
1.12780
1.12510
1.12240
1.11970
1.11700
1.11430
1.11170
1.10900
1.10640
1.10370
1.10110
1.09850
1.09590
1.09330
1.09080
1.08820
1.08570
1.08310
1.08060
1.07810
1.07560
1.07310
1.07060
1.06810
1.06570
1.06320
1.06080
1.05840
1.05600
1.05360
1.05120
1.04880
1.04640
1.04400
1.04170

1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9

1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0

1.4860
1.4857
1.4855
1.4853
1.4851
1.4848
1.4846
1.4844
1.4841
1.4839
1.4837
1.4835
1.4832
1.4830
1.4828
1.4826
1.4824
1.4821
1.4819
1.4817
1.4815
1.4812
1.4810
1.4808
1.4806
1.4804
1.4801
1.4799
1.4797
1.4795
1.4793
1.4791
1.4788
1.4786
1.4784
1.4782
1.4780
1.4778
1.4776
1.4773
1.4771
1.4769
1.4767
1.4765
1.4763
1.4761

0.54772
0.54799
0.54825
0.54851
0.54877
0.54903
0.54929
0.54955
0.54981
0.55007
0.55033
0.55059
0.55084
0.55110
0.55136
0.55162
0.55187
0.55213
0.55239
0.55264
0.55290
0.55315
0.55341
0.55366
0.55391
0.55417
0.55442
0.55467
0.55493
0.55518
0.55543
0.55568
0.55593
0.55619
0.55644
0.55669
0.55694
0.55719
0.55744
0.55769
0.55793
0.55818
0.55843
0.55868
0.55893
0.55917

0.84014
0.84082
0.84150
0.84218
0.84286
0.84354
0.84422
0.84490
0.84558
0.84626
0.84694
0.84762
0.84830
0.84898
0.84965
0.85033
0.85101
0.85169
0.85237
0.85304
0.85372
0.85440
0.85508
0.85575
0.85643
0.85711
0.85778
0.85846
0.85914
0.85981
0.86049
0.86116
0.86184
0.86252
0.86319
0.86387
0.86454
0.86522
0.86589
0.86657
0.86724
0.86792
0.86859
0.86927
0.86994
0.87062

1,654.8
1,654.8
1,654.8
1,654.7
1,654.7
1,654.7
1,654.6
1,654.6
1,654.6
1,654.6
1,654.5
1,654.5
1,654.5
1,654.4
1,654.4
1,654.3
1,654.3
1,654.3
1,654.2
1,654.2
1,654.2
1,654.1
1,654.1
1,654.1
1,654.0
1,654.0
1,653.9
1,653.9
1,653.9
1,653.8
1,653.8
1,653.8
1,653.7
1,653.7
1,653.6
1,653.6
1,653.6
1,653.5
1,653.5
1,653.4
1,653.4
1,653.4
1,653.3
1,653.3
1,653.2
1,653.2

JouleThomson
(F/psia)

0.236310
0.236040
0.235770
0.235510
0.235240
0.234970
0.234710
0.234440
0.234180
0.233920
0.233650
0.233390
0.233130
0.232870
0.232610
0.232360
0.232100
0.231840
0.231590
0.231330
0.231080
0.230830
0.230580
0.230330
0.230070
0.229830
0.229580
0.229330
0.229080
0.228830
0.228590
0.228340
0.228100
0.227860
0.227610
0.227370
0.227130
0.226890
0.226650
0.226410
0.226170
0.225940
0.225700
0.225460
0.225230
0.224990

455.63
455.86
456.08
456.31
456.53
456.75
456.98
457.20
457.42
457.64
457.86
458.08
458.30
458.52
458.74
458.96
459.18
459.40
459.62
459.84
460.05
460.27
460.49
460.70
460.92
461.14
461.35
461.57
461.78
462.00
462.21
462.42
462.64
462.85
463.06
463.27
463.49
463.70
463.91
464.12
464.33
464.54
464.75
464.96
465.17
465.38
465.59
465.80
466.00
466.21
466.42
466.63

447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498

0.9621
0.9643
0.9665
0.9686
0.9708
0.9730
0.9751
0.9773
0.9795
0.9816
0.9838
0.9860
0.9881
0.9903
0.9925
0.9947
0.9968
0.9990
1.0012
1.0033
1.0055
1.0077
1.0098
1.0120
1.0142
1.0164
1.0185
1.0207
1.0229
1.0251
1.0272
1.0294
1.0316
1.0338
1.0360
1.0381
1.0403
1.0425
1.0447
1.0468
1.0490
1.0512
1.0534
1.0556
1.0578
1.0599
1.0621
1.0643
1.0665
1.0687
1.0709
1.0730

1.03930
1.03700
1.03470
1.03240
1.03010
1.02780
1.02550
1.02320
1.02100
1.01870
1.01650
1.01420
1.01200
1.00980
1.00760
1.00540
1.00320
1.00100
0.99884
0.99668
0.99453
0.99238
0.99025
0.98812
0.98600
0.98390
0.98179
0.97970
0.97762
0.97554
0.97348
0.97142
0.96937
0.96733
0.96529
0.96327
0.96125
0.95924
0.95724
0.95525
0.95326
0.95128
0.94931
0.94735
0.94540
0.94345
0.94151
0.93958
0.93766
0.93574
0.93383
0.93193

1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9
1,119.9

1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,206.0
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.9
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8

1.4759
1.4757
1.4754
1.4752
1.4750
1.4748
1.4746
1.4744
1.4742
1.4740
1.4738
1.4736
1.4734
1.4732
1.4730
1.4728
1.4725
1.4723
1.4721
1.4719
1.4717
1.4715
1.4713
1.4711
1.4709
1.4707
1.4705
1.4703
1.4701
1.4699
1.4697
1.4695
1.4693
1.4691
1.4689
1.4687
1.4685
1.4683
1.4681
1.4679
1.4677
1.4675
1.4673
1.4671
1.4670
1.4668
1.4666
1.4664
1.4662
1.4660
1.4658
1.4656

0.55942
0.55967
0.55991
0.56016
0.56041
0.56065
0.56090
0.56114
0.56139
0.56163
0.56187
0.56212
0.56236
0.56260
0.56285
0.56309
0.56333
0.56357
0.56382
0.56406
0.56430
0.56454
0.56478
0.56502
0.56526
0.56550
0.56574
0.56598
0.56622
0.56646
0.56669
0.56693
0.56717
0.56741
0.56764
0.56788
0.56812
0.56835
0.56859
0.56883
0.56906
0.56930
0.56953
0.56977
0.57000
0.57024
0.57047
0.57071
0.57094
0.57117
0.57141
0.57164

0.87129
0.87196
0.87264
0.87331
0.87399
0.87466
0.87533
0.87601
0.87668
0.87735
0.87803
0.87870
0.87937
0.88005
0.88072
0.88139
0.88207
0.88274
0.88341
0.88408
0.88476
0.88543
0.88610
0.88677
0.88745
0.88812
0.88879
0.88946
0.89014
0.89081
0.89148
0.89215
0.89282
0.89350
0.89417
0.89484
0.89551
0.89618
0.89686
0.89753
0.89820
0.89887
0.89954
0.90021
0.90089
0.90156
0.90223
0.90290
0.90357
0.90424
0.90492
0.90559

1,653.1
1,653.1
1,653.1
1,653.0
1,653.0
1,652.9
1,652.9
1,652.8
1,652.8
1,652.7
1,652.7
1,652.6
1,652.6
1,652.6
1,652.5
1,652.5
1,652.4
1,652.4
1,652.3
1,652.3
1,652.2
1,652.2
1,652.1
1,652.1
1,652.0
1,652.0
1,651.9
1,651.9
1,651.8
1,651.8
1,651.7
1,651.7
1,651.6
1,651.6
1,651.5
1,651.5
1,651.4
1,651.4
1,651.3
1,651.3
1,651.2
1,651.2
1,651.1
1,651.1
1,651.0
1,651.0
1,650.9
1,650.9
1,650.8
1,650.7
1,650.7
1,650.6

0.224760
0.224530
0.224290
0.224060
0.223830
0.223600
0.223370
0.223140
0.222910
0.222680
0.222460
0.222230
0.222010
0.221780
0.221560
0.221330
0.221110
0.220890
0.220660
0.220440
0.220220
0.220000
0.219780
0.219560
0.219350
0.219130
0.218910
0.218700
0.218480
0.218270
0.218050
0.217840
0.217620
0.217410
0.217200
0.216990
0.216780
0.216570
0.216360
0.216150
0.215940
0.215730
0.215530
0.215320
0.215110
0.214910
0.214700
0.214500
0.214290
0.214090
0.213890
0.213680

466.83
467.04
467.24
467.45
467.66
467.86
468.07
468.27
468.47
468.68
468.88
469.09
469.29
469.49
469.69
469.90
470.10
470.30
470.50
470.70
470.90
471.10
471.30
471.50
471.70
471.90
472.10
472.30
472.49
472.69
472.89
473.09
473.28
473.48
473.68
473.87
474.07
474.27
474.46
474.66
474.85
475.05
475.24
475.43
475.63
475.82
476.01
476.21
476.40
476.59
476.78
476.98

499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550

1.0752
1.0774
1.0796
1.0818
1.0840
1.0862
1.0884
1.0905
1.0927
1.0949
1.0971
1.0993
1.1015
1.1037
1.1059
1.1081
1.1103
1.1125
1.1147
1.1168
1.1190
1.1212
1.1234
1.1256
1.1278
1.1300
1.1322
1.1344
1.1366
1.1388
1.1410
1.1432
1.1454
1.1476
1.1498
1.1520
1.1542
1.1564
1.1586
1.1608
1.1630
1.1652
1.1674
1.1697
1.1719
1.1741
1.1763
1.1785
1.1807
1.1829
1.1851
1.1873

0.93003
0.92815
0.92627
0.92439
0.92253
0.92067
0.91882
0.91697
0.91514
0.91331
0.91148
0.90967
0.90786
0.90605
0.90426
0.90247
0.90069
0.89891
0.89714
0.89538
0.89362
0.89187
0.89013
0.88839
0.88666
0.88494
0.88322
0.88151
0.87980
0.87811
0.87641
0.87473
0.87305
0.87137
0.86970
0.86804
0.86638
0.86473
0.86309
0.86145
0.85982
0.85819
0.85657
0.85495
0.85334
0.85174
0.85014
0.84855
0.84696
0.84538
0.84381
0.84223

1,119.9
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.8
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.7
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6
1,119.6

1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.8
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.7
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.6
1,205.5
1,205.5
1,205.5
1,205.5
1,205.5
1,205.5
1,205.5
1,205.5
1,205.5
1,205.5
1,205.4
1,205.4
1,205.4
1,205.4
1,205.4
1,205.4
1,205.4
1,205.4
1,205.4
1,205.3
1,205.3

1.4654
1.4652
1.4650
1.4648
1.4646
1.4644
1.4643
1.4641
1.4639
1.4637
1.4635
1.4633
1.4631
1.4629
1.4627
1.4625
1.4624
1.4622
1.4620
1.4618
1.4616
1.4614
1.4612
1.4610
1.4609
1.4607
1.4605
1.4603
1.4601
1.4599
1.4598
1.4596
1.4594
1.4592
1.4590
1.4588
1.4587
1.4585
1.4583
1.4581
1.4579
1.4577
1.4576
1.4574
1.4572
1.4570
1.4568
1.4567
1.4565
1.4563
1.4561
1.4559

0.57187
0.57210
0.57234
0.57257
0.57280
0.57303
0.57326
0.57349
0.57372
0.57395
0.57418
0.57441
0.57464
0.57487
0.57510
0.57533
0.57556
0.57579
0.57602
0.57625
0.57647
0.57670
0.57693
0.57716
0.57738
0.57761
0.57784
0.57806
0.57829
0.57852
0.57874
0.57897
0.57919
0.57942
0.57964
0.57987
0.58009
0.58031
0.58054
0.58076
0.58099
0.58121
0.58143
0.58165
0.58188
0.58210
0.58232
0.58254
0.58277
0.58299
0.58321
0.58343

0.90626
0.90693
0.90760
0.90827
0.90894
0.90962
0.91029
0.91096
0.91163
0.91230
0.91297
0.91365
0.91432
0.91499
0.91566
0.91633
0.91700
0.91768
0.91835
0.91902
0.91969
0.92036
0.92104
0.92171
0.92238
0.92305
0.92372
0.92439
0.92507
0.92574
0.92641
0.92708
0.92776
0.92843
0.92910
0.92977
0.93044
0.93112
0.93179
0.93246
0.93313
0.93381
0.93448
0.93515
0.93583
0.93650
0.93717
0.93784
0.93852
0.93919
0.93986
0.94054

1,650.6
1,650.5
1,650.5
1,650.4
1,650.4
1,650.3
1,650.2
1,650.2
1,650.1
1,650.1
1,650.0
1,650.0
1,649.9
1,649.8
1,649.8
1,649.7
1,649.7
1,649.6
1,649.6
1,649.5
1,649.4
1,649.4
1,649.3
1,649.3
1,649.2
1,649.1
1,649.1
1,649.0
1,649.0
1,648.9
1,648.8
1,648.8
1,648.7
1,648.7
1,648.6
1,648.5
1,648.5
1,648.4
1,648.3
1,648.3
1,648.2
1,648.2
1,648.1
1,648.0
1,648.0
1,647.9
1,647.8
1,647.8
1,647.7
1,647.7
1,647.6
1,647.5

0.213480
0.213280
0.213080
0.212880
0.212680
0.212480
0.212280
0.212090
0.211890
0.211690
0.211500
0.211300
0.211100
0.210910
0.210710
0.210520
0.210330
0.210130
0.209940
0.209750
0.209560
0.209370
0.209180
0.208990
0.208800
0.208610
0.208420
0.208230
0.208050
0.207860
0.207670
0.207490
0.207300
0.207120
0.206930
0.206750
0.206560
0.206380
0.206200
0.206020
0.205830
0.205650
0.205470
0.205290
0.205110
0.204930
0.204750
0.204570
0.204400
0.204220
0.204040
0.203860

477.17
477.36
477.55
477.74
477.93
478.12
478.31
478.50
478.69
478.88
479.07
479.26
479.45
479.63
479.82
480.01
480.20
480.38
480.57
480.76
480.94
481.13
481.32
481.50
481.69
481.87
482.06
482.24
482.43
482.61
482.79
482.98
483.16
483.34
483.53
483.71
483.89
484.07
484.26
484.44
484.62
484.80
484.98
485.16
485.34
485.52
485.70
485.88
486.06
486.24

551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600

1.1895
1.1917
1.1939
1.1962
1.1984
1.2006
1.2028
1.2050
1.2072
1.2094
1.2117
1.2139
1.2161
1.2183
1.2205
1.2227
1.2250
1.2272
1.2294
1.2316
1.2338
1.2361
1.2383
1.2405
1.2427
1.2449
1.2472
1.2494
1.2516
1.2538
1.2561
1.2583
1.2605
1.2627
1.2650
1.2672
1.2694
1.2717
1.2739
1.2761
1.2783
1.2806
1.2828
1.2850
1.2873
1.2895
1.2917
1.2940
1.2962
1.2984

0.84067
0.83911
0.83756
0.83601
0.83446
0.83293
0.83139
0.82987
0.82834
0.82683
0.82532
0.82381
0.82231
0.82081
0.81932
0.81784
0.81635
0.81488
0.81341
0.81194
0.81048
0.80902
0.80757
0.80613
0.80469
0.80325
0.80182
0.80039
0.79897
0.79755
0.79614
0.79473
0.79333
0.79193
0.79053
0.78914
0.78776
0.78638
0.78500
0.78363
0.78226
0.78090
0.77954
0.77819
0.77684
0.77549
0.77415
0.77281
0.77148
0.77015

1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.5
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.4
1,119.3
1,119.3
1,119.3
1,119.3
1,119.3
1,119.3
1,119.3
1,119.3
1,119.3
1,119.3
1,119.2
1,119.2
1,119.2
1,119.2
1,119.2
1,119.2
1,119.2
1,119.2
1,119.2
1,119.2
1,119.1
1,119.1
1,119.1
1,119.1
1,119.1
1,119.1
1,119.1

1,205.3
1,205.3
1,205.3
1,205.3
1,205.3
1,205.3
1,205.2
1,205.2
1,205.2
1,205.2
1,205.2
1,205.2
1,205.2
1,205.2
1,205.1
1,205.1
1,205.1
1,205.1
1,205.1
1,205.1
1,205.1
1,205.1
1,205.0
1,205.0
1,205.0
1,205.0
1,205.0
1,205.0
1,205.0
1,204.9
1,204.9
1,204.9
1,204.9
1,204.9
1,204.9
1,204.9
1,204.8
1,204.8
1,204.8
1,204.8
1,204.8
1,204.8
1,204.8
1,204.7
1,204.7
1,204.7
1,204.7
1,204.7
1,204.7
1,204.6

1.4558
1.4556
1.4554
1.4552
1.4551
1.4549
1.4547
1.4545
1.4543
1.4542
1.4540
1.4538
1.4536
1.4535
1.4533
1.4531
1.4529
1.4528
1.4526
1.4524
1.4522
1.4521
1.4519
1.4517
1.4515
1.4514
1.4512
1.4510
1.4509
1.4507
1.4505
1.4503
1.4502
1.4500
1.4498
1.4497
1.4495
1.4493
1.4492
1.4490
1.4488
1.4486
1.4485
1.4483
1.4481
1.4480
1.4478
1.4476
1.4475
1.4473

0.58365
0.58387
0.58409
0.58431
0.58453
0.58475
0.58497
0.58519
0.58541
0.58563
0.58585
0.58607
0.58629
0.58650
0.58672
0.58694
0.58716
0.58738
0.58759
0.58781
0.58803
0.58824
0.58846
0.58868
0.58889
0.58911
0.58933
0.58954
0.58976
0.58997
0.59019
0.59040
0.59062
0.59083
0.59105
0.59126
0.59147
0.59169
0.59190
0.59212
0.59233
0.59254
0.59276
0.59297
0.59318
0.59339
0.59361
0.59382
0.59403
0.59424

0.94121
0.94188
0.94256
0.94323
0.94391
0.94458
0.94525
0.94593
0.94660
0.94728
0.94795
0.94862
0.94930
0.94997
0.95065
0.95132
0.95200
0.95267
0.95335
0.95402
0.95470
0.95537
0.95605
0.95672
0.95740
0.95807
0.95875
0.95942
0.96010
0.96078
0.96145
0.96213
0.96281
0.96348
0.96416
0.96484
0.96551
0.96619
0.96687
0.96754
0.96822
0.96890
0.96958
0.97025
0.97093
0.97161
0.97229
0.97297
0.97364
0.97432

1,647.5
1,647.4
1,647.3
1,647.3
1,647.2
1,647.1
1,647.1
1,647.0
1,646.9
1,646.9
1,646.8
1,646.7
1,646.7
1,646.6
1,646.5
1,646.5
1,646.4
1,646.3
1,646.3
1,646.2
1,646.1
1,646.1
1,646.0
1,645.9
1,645.9
1,645.8
1,645.7
1,645.7
1,645.6
1,645.5
1,645.4
1,645.4
1,645.3
1,645.2
1,645.2
1,645.1
1,645.0
1,645.0
1,644.9
1,644.8
1,644.7
1,644.7
1,644.6
1,644.5
1,644.5
1,644.4
1,644.3
1,644.2
1,644.2
1,644.1

0.203690
0.203510
0.203340
0.203160
0.202990
0.202810
0.202640
0.202460
0.202290
0.202120
0.201950
0.201770
0.201600
0.201430
0.201260
0.201090
0.200920
0.200750
0.200580
0.200410
0.200250
0.200080
0.199910
0.199740
0.199580
0.199410
0.199250
0.199080
0.198910
0.198750
0.198590
0.198420
0.198260
0.198090
0.197930
0.197770
0.197610
0.197450
0.197280
0.197120
0.196960
0.196800
0.196640
0.196480
0.196320
0.196170
0.196010
0.195850
0.195690
0.195530

Auxiliary Data
( All data downloaded from NIST website: http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/fluid/ )

Reference States
Internal energy
Entropy

U=
S=

0.0
0.0

at 273.16 K for saturated liquid.


at 273.16 K for saturated liquid.

Additional fluid data


Critical temperature (Tc)
Critical pressure (Pc)
Critical density (Dc)
Acentric factor
Normal boiling point
Dipole moment

705.10
3200.1
20.102
0.3443
211.95
1.855

F
psia
lbm/ft3

F
Debye

7.14

7.00

6.29

4.57

Viscosity
(cP)

Therm.
Cond.
(W/m*K)

Surf.
Tension
(lb/in)

Phase

0.1163
0.11623
0.11615
0.11608
0.11601
0.11594
0.11587
0.1158
0.11572
0.11565
0.11558
0.11551
0.11544
0.11537
0.1153
0.11523
0.11516
0.1151
0.11503
0.11496
0.11489
0.11482
0.11475
0.11469
0.11462
0.11455
0.11448
0.11442
0.11435
0.11428
0.11422
0.11415
0.11408
0.11402
0.11395
0.11389
0.11382
0.11375
0.11369
0.11362
0.11356
0.1135
0.11343
0.11337
0.1133
0.11324

0.64187
0.64175
0.64163
0.64151
0.64139
0.64127
0.64115
0.64103
0.64091
0.64079
0.64067
0.64055
0.64043
0.64031
0.64019
0.64007
0.63995
0.63984
0.63972
0.63960
0.63948
0.63936
0.63924
0.63912
0.63900
0.63888
0.63876
0.63864
0.63853
0.63841
0.63829
0.63817
0.63805
0.63793
0.63781
0.63769
0.63757
0.63746
0.63734
0.63722
0.63710
0.63698
0.63686
0.63674
0.63662
0.63651

0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.11318
0.11311
0.11305
0.11299
0.11292
0.11286
0.1128
0.11273
0.11267
0.11261
0.11255
0.11249
0.11242
0.11236
0.1123
0.11224
0.11218
0.11212
0.11206
0.112
0.11194
0.11188
0.11182
0.11176
0.1117
0.11164
0.11158
0.11152
0.11146
0.1114
0.11134
0.11128
0.11122
0.11117
0.11111
0.11105
0.11099
0.11093
0.11088
0.11082
0.11076
0.1107
0.11065
0.11059
0.11053
0.11048
0.11042
0.11036
0.11031
0.11025
0.11019
0.11014

0.63639
0.63627
0.63615
0.63603
0.63591
0.63580
0.63568
0.63556
0.63544
0.63532
0.63520
0.63508
0.63497
0.63485
0.63473
0.63461
0.63449
0.63438
0.63426
0.63414
0.63402
0.63390
0.63379
0.63367
0.63355
0.63343
0.63331
0.63320
0.63308
0.63296
0.63284
0.63272
0.63261
0.63249
0.63237
0.63225
0.63213
0.63202
0.63190
0.63178
0.63166
0.63155
0.63143
0.63131
0.63119
0.63108
0.63096
0.63084
0.63072
0.63061
0.63049
0.63037

0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.11008
0.11003
0.10997
0.10992
0.10986
0.10981
0.10975
0.1097
0.10964
0.10959
0.10953
0.10948
0.10942
0.10937
0.10932
0.10926
0.10921
0.10915
0.1091
0.10905
0.10899
0.10894
0.10889
0.10884
0.10878
0.10873
0.10868
0.10863
0.10857
0.10852
0.10847
0.10842
0.10836
0.10831
0.10826
0.10821
0.10816
0.10811
0.10806
0.10801
0.10795
0.1079
0.10785
0.1078
0.10775
0.1077
0.10765
0.1076
0.10755
0.1075
0.10745
0.1074

0.63025
0.63014
0.63002
0.62990
0.62978
0.62967
0.62955
0.62943
0.62932
0.62920
0.62908
0.62896
0.62885
0.62873
0.62861
0.62850
0.62838
0.62826
0.62814
0.62803
0.62791
0.62779
0.62768
0.62756
0.62744
0.62733
0.62721
0.62709
0.62697
0.62686
0.62674
0.62662
0.62651
0.62639
0.62627
0.62616
0.62604
0.62592
0.62581
0.62569
0.62557
0.62546
0.62534
0.62522
0.62511
0.62499
0.62487
0.62476
0.62464
0.62452
0.62441
0.62429

0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.10735
0.1073
0.10725
0.1072
0.10716
0.10711
0.10706
0.10701
0.10696
0.10691
0.10686
0.10681
0.10677
0.10672
0.10667
0.10662
0.10657
0.10652
0.10648
0.10643
0.10638
0.10633
0.10629
0.10624
0.10619
0.10615
0.1061
0.10605
0.106
0.10596
0.10591
0.10586
0.10582
0.10577
0.10573
0.10568
0.10563
0.10559
0.10554
0.1055
0.10545
0.1054
0.10536
0.10531
0.10527
0.10522
0.10518
0.10513
0.10509
0.10504

0.62418
0.62406
0.62394
0.62383
0.62371
0.62359
0.62348
0.62336
0.62325
0.62313
0.62301
0.62290
0.62278
0.62266
0.62255
0.62243
0.62232
0.62220
0.62208
0.62197
0.62185
0.62174
0.62162
0.62150
0.62139
0.62127
0.62116
0.62104
0.62092
0.62081
0.62069
0.62058
0.62046
0.62034
0.62023
0.62011
0.62000
0.61988
0.61977
0.61965
0.61953
0.61942
0.61930
0.61919
0.61907
0.61896
0.61884
0.61872
0.61861
0.61849

0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

Viscosity
(cP)

Therm.
Cond.
(W/m*K)

Phase

0.01674
0.01675
0.01675
0.01676
0.01676
0.01677
0.01677
0.01678
0.01678
0.01679
0.01679
0.0168
0.0168
0.0168
0.01681
0.01681
0.01682
0.01682
0.01683
0.01683
0.01684
0.01684
0.01685
0.01685
0.01686
0.01686
0.01687
0.01687
0.01687
0.01688
0.01688
0.01689
0.01689
0.0169
0.0169
0.01691
0.01691
0.01692
0.01692
0.01693
0.01693
0.01693
0.01694
0.01694
0.01695
0.01695

0.04623
0.04626
0.04629
0.04632
0.04635
0.04639
0.04642
0.04645
0.04648
0.04651
0.04654
0.04657
0.04660
0.04663
0.04666
0.04669
0.04672
0.04675
0.04678
0.04681
0.04684
0.04687
0.04690
0.04693
0.04696
0.04699
0.04702
0.04705
0.04708
0.04711
0.04714
0.04717
0.04720
0.04723
0.04726
0.04729
0.04732
0.04735
0.04738
0.04741
0.04744
0.04747
0.04750
0.04753
0.04756
0.04759

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01696
0.01696
0.01697
0.01697
0.01697
0.01698
0.01698
0.01699
0.01699
0.017
0.017
0.01701
0.01701
0.01701
0.01702
0.01702
0.01703
0.01703
0.01704
0.01704
0.01705
0.01705
0.01705
0.01706
0.01706
0.01707
0.01707
0.01708
0.01708
0.01708
0.01709
0.01709
0.0171
0.0171
0.01711
0.01711
0.01712
0.01712
0.01712
0.01713
0.01713
0.01714
0.01714
0.01714
0.01715
0.01715
0.01716
0.01716
0.01717
0.01717
0.01717
0.01718

0.04761
0.04764
0.04767
0.04770
0.04773
0.04776
0.04779
0.04782
0.04785
0.04788
0.04791
0.04794
0.04797
0.04800
0.04802
0.04805
0.04808
0.04811
0.04814
0.04817
0.04820
0.04823
0.04826
0.04829
0.04831
0.04834
0.04837
0.04840
0.04843
0.04846
0.04849
0.04852
0.04854
0.04857
0.04860
0.04863
0.04866
0.04869
0.04872
0.04874
0.04877
0.04880
0.04883
0.04886
0.04889
0.04892
0.04894
0.04897
0.04900
0.04903
0.04906
0.04909

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01718
0.01719
0.01719
0.0172
0.0172
0.0172
0.01721
0.01721
0.01722
0.01722
0.01722
0.01723
0.01723
0.01724
0.01724
0.01725
0.01725
0.01725
0.01726
0.01726
0.01727
0.01727
0.01727
0.01728
0.01728
0.01729
0.01729
0.01729
0.0173
0.0173
0.01731
0.01731
0.01731
0.01732
0.01732
0.01733
0.01733
0.01733
0.01734
0.01734
0.01735
0.01735
0.01735
0.01736
0.01736
0.01737
0.01737
0.01737
0.01738
0.01738
0.01739
0.01739

0.04911
0.04914
0.04917
0.04920
0.04923
0.04926
0.04928
0.04931
0.04934
0.04937
0.04940
0.04942
0.04945
0.04948
0.04951
0.04954
0.04956
0.04959
0.04962
0.04965
0.04968
0.04970
0.04973
0.04976
0.04979
0.04982
0.04984
0.04987
0.04990
0.04993
0.04995
0.04998
0.05001
0.05004
0.05007
0.05009
0.05012
0.05015
0.05018
0.05020
0.05023
0.05026
0.05029
0.05031
0.05034
0.05037
0.05040
0.05042
0.05045
0.05048
0.05051
0.05053

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01739
0.0174
0.0174
0.01741
0.01741
0.01741
0.01742
0.01742
0.01743
0.01743
0.01743
0.01744
0.01744
0.01745
0.01745
0.01745
0.01746
0.01746
0.01747
0.01747
0.01747
0.01748
0.01748
0.01748
0.01749
0.01749
0.0175
0.0175
0.0175
0.01751
0.01751
0.01752
0.01752
0.01752
0.01753
0.01753
0.01753
0.01754
0.01754
0.01755
0.01755
0.01755
0.01756
0.01756
0.01756
0.01757
0.01757
0.01758
0.01758
0.01758

0.05056
0.05059
0.05062
0.05064
0.05067
0.05070
0.05073
0.05075
0.05078
0.05081
0.05084
0.05086
0.05089
0.05092
0.05095
0.05097
0.05100
0.05103
0.05105
0.05108
0.05111
0.05114
0.05116
0.05119
0.05122
0.05124
0.05127
0.05130
0.05133
0.05135
0.05138
0.05141
0.05143
0.05146
0.05149
0.05152
0.05154
0.05157
0.05160
0.05162
0.05165
0.05168
0.05170
0.05173
0.05176
0.05179
0.05181
0.05184
0.05187
0.05189

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

Water Phase Data


Data on Saturation Curve
Temperatur Pressure Density
(psia)
(lbm/ft3)
e oF

486.42
486.60
486.78
486.96
487.14
487.31
487.49
487.67
487.85
488.02
488.20
488.38
488.55
488.73
488.91
489.08
489.26
489.43
489.61
489.78
489.96
490.13
490.31
490.48
490.66
490.83
491.00
491.18
491.35
491.52
491.70
491.87
492.04
492.21
492.38
492.56
492.73
492.90
493.07
493.24
493.41
493.58
493.75
493.92
494.09
494.26

601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646

49.644
49.635
49.625
49.616
49.607
49.597
49.588
49.579
49.569
49.560
49.551
49.542
49.532
49.523
49.514
49.505
49.495
49.486
49.477
49.468
49.458
49.449
49.440
49.431
49.422
49.412
49.403
49.394
49.385
49.376
49.366
49.357
49.348
49.339
49.330
49.321
49.312
49.303
49.293
49.284
49.275
49.266
49.257
49.248
49.239
49.230

Volume
(ft3/lbm)

0.02014
0.02015
0.02015
0.02016
0.02016
0.02016
0.02017
0.02017
0.02017
0.02018
0.02018
0.02019
0.02019
0.02019
0.02020
0.02020
0.02020
0.02021
0.02021
0.02022
0.02022
0.02022
0.02023
0.02023
0.02023
0.02024
0.02024
0.02025
0.02025
0.02025
0.02026
0.02026
0.02026
0.02027
0.02027
0.02028
0.02028
0.02028
0.02029
0.02029
0.02029
0.02030
0.02030
0.02031
0.02031
0.02031

Internal
Energy
(Btu/lbm)

470.03
470.23
470.44
470.64
470.84
471.05
471.25
471.46
471.66
471.86
472.07
472.27
472.47
472.67
472.88
473.08
473.28
473.48
473.68
473.89
474.09
474.29
474.49
474.69
474.89
475.09
475.29
475.49
475.69
475.89
476.08
476.28
476.48
476.68
476.88
477.08
477.27
477.47
477.67
477.87
478.06
478.26
478.46
478.65
478.85
479.04

Enthalpy
Entropy
Cv
Cp
Sound
(Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd. (ft/s)

472.27
472.48
472.69
472.89
473.10
473.31
473.52
473.73
473.94
474.14
474.35
474.56
474.76
474.97
475.18
475.38
475.59
475.80
476.00
476.21
476.41
476.62
476.82
477.03
477.23
477.43
477.64
477.84
478.05
478.25
478.45
478.65
478.86
479.06
479.26
479.46
479.67
479.87
480.07
480.27
480.47
480.67
480.87
481.07
481.27
481.47

0.67304
0.67325
0.67347
0.67369
0.67390
0.67412
0.67434
0.67455
0.67477
0.67498
0.67520
0.67541
0.67563
0.67584
0.67605
0.67627
0.67648
0.67669
0.67691
0.67712
0.67733
0.67754
0.67775
0.67797
0.67818
0.67839
0.67860
0.67881
0.67902
0.67923
0.67944
0.67965
0.67986
0.68006
0.68027
0.68048
0.68069
0.68090
0.68111
0.68131
0.68152
0.68173
0.68193
0.68214
0.68235
0.68255

0.75283
0.75276
0.75270
0.75264
0.75257
0.75251
0.75245
0.75238
0.75232
0.75226
0.75219
0.75213
0.75207
0.75201
0.75194
0.75188
0.75182
0.75176
0.75170
0.75163
0.75157
0.75151
0.75145
0.75139
0.75133
0.75127
0.75121
0.75114
0.75108
0.75102
0.75096
0.75090
0.75084
0.75078
0.75072
0.75066
0.75060
0.75054
0.75049
0.75043
0.75037
0.75031
0.75025
0.75019
0.75013
0.75007

1.1704
1.1706
1.1709
1.1711
1.1714
1.1717
1.1719
1.1722
1.1725
1.1727
1.1730
1.1732
1.1735
1.1738
1.1740
1.1743
1.1746
1.1748
1.1751
1.1754
1.1756
1.1759
1.1762
1.1764
1.1767
1.1770
1.1772
1.1775
1.1778
1.1780
1.1783
1.1785
1.1788
1.1791
1.1793
1.1796
1.1799
1.1801
1.1804
1.1807
1.1809
1.1812
1.1815
1.1817
1.1820
1.1823

3,733.3
3,731.9
3,730.5
3,729.1
3,727.8
3,726.4
3,725.0
3,723.6
3,722.3
3,720.9
3,719.5
3,718.1
3,716.8
3,715.4
3,714.0
3,712.7
3,711.3
3,709.9
3,708.6
3,707.2
3,705.8
3,704.5
3,703.1
3,701.8
3,700.4
3,699.0
3,697.7
3,696.3
3,695.0
3,693.6
3,692.3
3,690.9
3,689.6
3,688.2
3,686.9
3,685.5
3,684.2
3,682.8
3,681.5
3,680.1
3,678.8
3,677.4
3,676.1
3,674.8
3,673.4
3,672.1

JouleThomson
(F/psia)

0.000159
0.000163
0.000166
0.000169
0.000173
0.000176
0.000180
0.000183
0.000186
0.000190
0.000193
0.000196
0.000200
0.000203
0.000207
0.000210
0.000213
0.000217
0.000220
0.000224
0.000227
0.000230
0.000234
0.000237
0.000241
0.000244
0.000247
0.000251
0.000254
0.000258
0.000261
0.000264
0.000268
0.000271
0.000275
0.000278
0.000281
0.000285
0.000288
0.000292
0.000295
0.000298
0.000302
0.000305
0.000309
0.000312

494.43
494.60
494.77
494.94
495.10
495.27
495.44
495.61
495.78
495.94
496.11
496.28
496.45
496.61
496.78
496.95
497.11
497.28
497.44
497.61
497.78
497.94
498.11
498.27
498.44
498.60
498.76
498.93
499.09
499.26
499.42
499.58
499.75
499.91
500.07
500.24
500.40
500.56
500.72
500.88
501.05
501.21
501.37
501.53
501.69
501.85
502.01
502.17
502.33
502.49
502.65
502.81

647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698

49.221
49.212
49.203
49.194
49.185
49.176
49.167
49.158
49.149
49.140
49.131
49.122
49.113
49.104
49.095
49.086
49.077
49.068
49.059
49.050
49.041
49.032
49.023
49.014
49.005
48.996
48.987
48.978
48.970
48.961
48.952
48.943
48.934
48.925
48.916
48.907
48.899
48.890
48.881
48.872
48.863
48.854
48.845
48.837
48.828
48.819
48.810
48.801
48.793
48.784
48.775
48.766

0.02032
0.02032
0.02032
0.02033
0.02033
0.02034
0.02034
0.02034
0.02035
0.02035
0.02035
0.02036
0.02036
0.02037
0.02037
0.02037
0.02038
0.02038
0.02038
0.02039
0.02039
0.02040
0.02040
0.02040
0.02041
0.02041
0.02041
0.02042
0.02042
0.02043
0.02043
0.02043
0.02044
0.02044
0.02044
0.02045
0.02045
0.02045
0.02046
0.02046
0.02047
0.02047
0.02047
0.02048
0.02048
0.02048
0.02049
0.02049
0.02050
0.02050
0.02050
0.02051

479.24
479.44
479.63
479.83
480.02
480.22
480.41
480.60
480.80
480.99
481.19
481.38
481.57
481.77
481.96
482.15
482.34
482.54
482.73
482.92
483.11
483.30
483.50
483.69
483.88
484.07
484.26
484.45
484.64
484.83
485.02
485.21
485.40
485.59
485.78
485.97
486.16
486.35
486.54
486.72
486.91
487.10
487.29
487.48
487.66
487.85
488.04
488.22
488.41
488.60
488.78
488.97

481.67
481.87
482.07
482.27
482.47
482.67
482.87
483.07
483.27
483.46
483.66
483.86
484.06
484.26
484.45
484.65
484.85
485.04
485.24
485.44
485.63
485.83
486.02
486.22
486.41
486.61
486.80
487.00
487.19
487.39
487.58
487.78
487.97
488.16
488.36
488.55
488.74
488.94
489.13
489.32
489.52
489.71
489.90
490.09
490.28
490.48
490.67
490.86
491.05
491.24
491.43
491.62

0.68276
0.68296
0.68317
0.68337
0.68358
0.68378
0.68399
0.68419
0.68439
0.68460
0.68480
0.68500
0.68520
0.68541
0.68561
0.68581
0.68601
0.68622
0.68642
0.68662
0.68682
0.68702
0.68722
0.68742
0.68762
0.68782
0.68802
0.68822
0.68842
0.68862
0.68881
0.68901
0.68921
0.68941
0.68961
0.68980
0.69000
0.69020
0.69040
0.69059
0.69079
0.69099
0.69118
0.69138
0.69157
0.69177
0.69196
0.69216
0.69235
0.69255
0.69274
0.69294

0.75001
0.74996
0.74990
0.74984
0.74978
0.74972
0.74967
0.74961
0.74955
0.74949
0.74944
0.74938
0.74932
0.74927
0.74921
0.74915
0.74910
0.74904
0.74898
0.74893
0.74887
0.74882
0.74876
0.74870
0.74865
0.74859
0.74854
0.74848
0.74843
0.74837
0.74832
0.74826
0.74821
0.74815
0.74810
0.74804
0.74799
0.74793
0.74788
0.74783
0.74777
0.74772
0.74767
0.74761
0.74756
0.74750
0.74745
0.74740
0.74735
0.74729
0.74724
0.74719

1.1825
1.1828
1.1831
1.1834
1.1836
1.1839
1.1842
1.1844
1.1847
1.1850
1.1852
1.1855
1.1858
1.1860
1.1863
1.1866
1.1868
1.1871
1.1874
1.1877
1.1879
1.1882
1.1885
1.1887
1.1890
1.1893
1.1895
1.1898
1.1901
1.1904
1.1906
1.1909
1.1912
1.1914
1.1917
1.1920
1.1923
1.1925
1.1928
1.1931
1.1933
1.1936
1.1939
1.1942
1.1944
1.1947
1.1950
1.1953
1.1955
1.1958
1.1961
1.1963

3,670.8
3,669.4
3,668.1
3,666.7
3,665.4
3,664.1
3,662.7
3,661.4
3,660.1
3,658.8
3,657.4
3,656.1
3,654.8
3,653.5
3,652.1
3,650.8
3,649.5
3,648.2
3,646.8
3,645.5
3,644.2
3,642.9
3,641.6
3,640.2
3,638.9
3,637.6
3,636.3
3,635.0
3,633.7
3,632.4
3,631.1
3,629.7
3,628.4
3,627.1
3,625.8
3,624.5
3,623.2
3,621.9
3,620.6
3,619.3
3,618.0
3,616.7
3,615.4
3,614.1
3,612.8
3,611.5
3,610.2
3,608.9
3,607.6
3,606.3
3,605.0
3,603.7

0.000316
0.000319
0.000322
0.000326
0.000329
0.000333
0.000336
0.000340
0.000343
0.000346
0.000350
0.000353
0.000357
0.000360
0.000364
0.000367
0.000370
0.000374
0.000377
0.000381
0.000384
0.000388
0.000391
0.000394
0.000398
0.000401
0.000405
0.000408
0.000412
0.000415
0.000419
0.000422
0.000425
0.000429
0.000432
0.000436
0.000439
0.000443
0.000446
0.000450
0.000453
0.000457
0.000460
0.000464
0.000467
0.000470
0.000474
0.000477
0.000481
0.000484
0.000488
0.000491

502.97
503.13
503.29
503.45
503.61
503.77
503.93
504.09
504.24
504.40
504.56
504.72
504.88
505.03
505.19
505.35
505.50
505.66
505.82
505.97
506.13
506.29
506.44
506.60
506.75
506.91
507.06
507.22
507.37
507.53
507.68
507.84
507.99
508.15
508.30
508.45
508.61
508.76
508.91
509.07
509.22
509.37
509.53
509.68
509.83
509.98
510.14
510.29
510.44
510.59
510.74
510.89

699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750

48.758
48.749
48.740
48.731
48.722
48.714
48.705
48.696
48.688
48.679
48.670
48.661
48.653
48.644
48.635
48.627
48.618
48.609
48.600
48.592
48.583
48.574
48.566
48.557
48.548
48.540
48.531
48.523
48.514
48.505
48.497
48.488
48.479
48.471
48.462
48.454
48.445
48.436
48.428
48.419
48.411
48.402
48.394
48.385
48.376
48.368
48.359
48.351
48.342
48.334
48.325
48.317

0.02051
0.02051
0.02052
0.02052
0.02052
0.02053
0.02053
0.02054
0.02054
0.02054
0.02055
0.02055
0.02055
0.02056
0.02056
0.02057
0.02057
0.02057
0.02058
0.02058
0.02058
0.02059
0.02059
0.02059
0.02060
0.02060
0.02061
0.02061
0.02061
0.02062
0.02062
0.02062
0.02063
0.02063
0.02064
0.02064
0.02064
0.02065
0.02065
0.02065
0.02066
0.02066
0.02066
0.02067
0.02067
0.02068
0.02068
0.02068
0.02069
0.02069
0.02069
0.02070

489.16
489.34
489.53
489.71
489.90
490.09
490.27
490.46
490.64
490.82
491.01
491.19
491.38
491.56
491.75
491.93
492.11
492.30
492.48
492.66
492.84
493.03
493.21
493.39
493.57
493.76
493.94
494.12
494.30
494.48
494.66
494.85
495.03
495.21
495.39
495.57
495.75
495.93
496.11
496.29
496.47
496.65
496.83
497.01
497.18
497.36
497.54
497.72
497.90
498.08
498.26
498.43

491.81
492.00
492.19
492.38
492.57
492.76
492.95
493.14
493.33
493.52
493.71
493.90
494.08
494.27
494.46
494.65
494.84
495.02
495.21
495.40
495.59
495.77
495.96
496.15
496.33
496.52
496.70
496.89
497.08
497.26
497.45
497.63
497.82
498.00
498.19
498.37
498.56
498.74
498.93
499.11
499.29
499.48
499.66
499.85
500.03
500.21
500.40
500.58
500.76
500.94
501.13
501.31

0.69313
0.69332
0.69352
0.69371
0.69390
0.69410
0.69429
0.69448
0.69467
0.69487
0.69506
0.69525
0.69544
0.69563
0.69582
0.69601
0.69620
0.69639
0.69658
0.69677
0.69696
0.69715
0.69734
0.69753
0.69772
0.69791
0.69810
0.69829
0.69848
0.69866
0.69885
0.69904
0.69923
0.69941
0.69960
0.69979
0.69997
0.70016
0.70035
0.70053
0.70072
0.70091
0.70109
0.70128
0.70146
0.70165
0.70183
0.70202
0.70220
0.70238
0.70257
0.70275

0.74713
0.74708
0.74703
0.74698
0.74692
0.74687
0.74682
0.74677
0.74672
0.74666
0.74661
0.74656
0.74651
0.74646
0.74641
0.74636
0.74631
0.74625
0.74620
0.74615
0.74610
0.74605
0.74600
0.74595
0.74590
0.74585
0.74580
0.74575
0.74570
0.74565
0.74560
0.74555
0.74550
0.74545
0.74540
0.74535
0.74531
0.74526
0.74521
0.74516
0.74511
0.74506
0.74501
0.74496
0.74492
0.74487
0.74482
0.74477
0.74472
0.74468
0.74463
0.74458

1.1966
1.1969
1.1972
1.1974
1.1977
1.1980
1.1983
1.1985
1.1988
1.1991
1.1994
1.1996
1.1999
1.2002
1.2005
1.2007
1.2010
1.2013
1.2016
1.2018
1.2021
1.2024
1.2027
1.2029
1.2032
1.2035
1.2038
1.2041
1.2043
1.2046
1.2049
1.2052
1.2054
1.2057
1.2060
1.2063
1.2066
1.2068
1.2071
1.2074
1.2077
1.2080
1.2082
1.2085
1.2088
1.2091
1.2094
1.2096
1.2099
1.2102
1.2105
1.2108

3,602.5
3,601.2
3,599.9
3,598.6
3,597.3
3,596.0
3,594.7
3,593.4
3,592.1
3,590.9
3,589.6
3,588.3
3,587.0
3,585.7
3,584.5
3,583.2
3,581.9
3,580.6
3,579.3
3,578.1
3,576.8
3,575.5
3,574.2
3,573.0
3,571.7
3,570.4
3,569.2
3,567.9
3,566.6
3,565.4
3,564.1
3,562.8
3,561.6
3,560.3
3,559.0
3,557.8
3,556.5
3,555.2
3,554.0
3,552.7
3,551.5
3,550.2
3,548.9
3,547.7
3,546.4
3,545.2
3,543.9
3,542.7
3,541.4
3,540.1
3,538.9
3,537.6

0.000495
0.000498
0.000502
0.000505
0.000509
0.000512
0.000516
0.000519
0.000523
0.000526
0.000530
0.000533
0.000537
0.000540
0.000544
0.000547
0.000551
0.000554
0.000558
0.000561
0.000565
0.000568
0.000572
0.000575
0.000579
0.000582
0.000586
0.000589
0.000593
0.000596
0.000600
0.000603
0.000607
0.000610
0.000614
0.000617
0.000621
0.000624
0.000628
0.000631
0.000635
0.000638
0.000642
0.000645
0.000649
0.000652
0.000656
0.000659
0.000663
0.000667
0.000670
0.000674

511.04
511.20
511.35
511.50
511.65
511.80
511.95
512.10
512.25
512.40
512.55
512.70
512.85
512.99
513.14
513.29
513.44
513.59
513.74
513.89
514.03
514.18
514.33
514.48
514.63
514.77
514.92
515.07
515.21
515.36
515.51
515.65
515.80
515.95
516.09
516.24
516.39
516.53
516.68
516.82
516.97
517.11
517.26
517.40
517.55
517.69
517.84
517.98
518.12
518.27

751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800

48.308
48.300
48.291
48.283
48.274
48.266
48.257
48.249
48.240
48.232
48.223
48.215
48.206
48.198
48.189
48.181
48.172
48.164
48.155
48.147
48.139
48.130
48.122
48.113
48.105
48.096
48.088
48.080
48.071
48.063
48.054
48.046
48.038
48.029
48.021
48.012
48.004
47.996
47.987
47.979
47.971
47.962
47.954
47.946
47.937
47.929
47.921
47.912
47.904
47.896

0.02070
0.02070
0.02071
0.02071
0.02072
0.02072
0.02072
0.02073
0.02073
0.02073
0.02074
0.02074
0.02074
0.02075
0.02075
0.02076
0.02076
0.02076
0.02077
0.02077
0.02077
0.02078
0.02078
0.02078
0.02079
0.02079
0.02080
0.02080
0.02080
0.02081
0.02081
0.02081
0.02082
0.02082
0.02082
0.02083
0.02083
0.02084
0.02084
0.02084
0.02085
0.02085
0.02085
0.02086
0.02086
0.02086
0.02087
0.02087
0.02088
0.02088

498.61
498.79
498.97
499.14
499.32
499.50
499.68
499.85
500.03
500.21
500.38
500.56
500.73
500.91
501.09
501.26
501.44
501.61
501.79
501.96
502.14
502.31
502.49
502.66
502.84
503.01
503.18
503.36
503.53
503.71
503.88
504.05
504.23
504.40
504.57
504.74
504.92
505.09
505.26
505.43
505.61
505.78
505.95
506.12
506.29
506.46
506.64
506.81
506.98
507.15

501.49
501.67
501.85
502.04
502.22
502.40
502.58
502.76
502.94
503.12
503.30
503.48
503.67
503.85
504.03
504.21
504.39
504.56
504.74
504.92
505.10
505.28
505.46
505.64
505.82
506.00
506.18
506.35
506.53
506.71
506.89
507.07
507.24
507.42
507.60
507.78
507.95
508.13
508.31
508.48
508.66
508.84
509.01
509.19
509.36
509.54
509.72
509.89
510.07
510.24

0.70294
0.70312
0.70330
0.70349
0.70367
0.70385
0.70404
0.70422
0.70440
0.70458
0.70476
0.70495
0.70513
0.70531
0.70549
0.70567
0.70585
0.70603
0.70621
0.70639
0.70657
0.70675
0.70693
0.70711
0.70729
0.70747
0.70765
0.70783
0.70801
0.70819
0.70837
0.70854
0.70872
0.70890
0.70908
0.70926
0.70943
0.70961
0.70979
0.70996
0.71014
0.71032
0.71049
0.71067
0.71085
0.71102
0.71120
0.71137
0.71155
0.71173

0.74453
0.74448
0.74444
0.74439
0.74434
0.74430
0.74425
0.74420
0.74415
0.74411
0.74406
0.74401
0.74397
0.74392
0.74388
0.74383
0.74378
0.74374
0.74369
0.74365
0.74360
0.74355
0.74351
0.74346
0.74342
0.74337
0.74333
0.74328
0.74324
0.74319
0.74315
0.74310
0.74306
0.74301
0.74297
0.74292
0.74288
0.74283
0.74279
0.74275
0.74270
0.74266
0.74261
0.74257
0.74253
0.74248
0.74244
0.74240
0.74235
0.74231

1.2110
1.2113
1.2116
1.2119
1.2122
1.2124
1.2127
1.2130
1.2133
1.2136
1.2138
1.2141
1.2144
1.2147
1.2150
1.2153
1.2155
1.2158
1.2161
1.2164
1.2167
1.2170
1.2172
1.2175
1.2178
1.2181
1.2184
1.2187
1.2189
1.2192
1.2195
1.2198
1.2201
1.2204
1.2207
1.2209
1.2212
1.2215
1.2218
1.2221
1.2224
1.2227
1.2230
1.2232
1.2235
1.2238
1.2241
1.2244
1.2247
1.2250

3,536.4
3,535.1
3,533.9
3,532.6
3,531.4
3,530.2
3,528.9
3,527.7
3,526.4
3,525.2
3,523.9
3,522.7
3,521.4
3,520.2
3,519.0
3,517.7
3,516.5
3,515.2
3,514.0
3,512.8
3,511.5
3,510.3
3,509.1
3,507.8
3,506.6
3,505.4
3,504.1
3,502.9
3,501.7
3,500.4
3,499.2
3,498.0
3,496.7
3,495.5
3,494.3
3,493.1
3,491.8
3,490.6
3,489.4
3,488.2
3,486.9
3,485.7
3,484.5
3,483.3
3,482.1
3,480.8
3,479.6
3,478.4
3,477.2
3,476.0

0.000677
0.000681
0.000684
0.000688
0.000691
0.000695
0.000698
0.000702
0.000705
0.000709
0.000713
0.000716
0.000720
0.000723
0.000727
0.000730
0.000734
0.000737
0.000741
0.000745
0.000748
0.000752
0.000755
0.000759
0.000762
0.000766
0.000770
0.000773
0.000777
0.000780
0.000784
0.000788
0.000791
0.000795
0.000798
0.000802
0.000805
0.000809
0.000813
0.000816
0.000820
0.000823
0.000827
0.000831
0.000834
0.000838
0.000841
0.000845
0.000849
0.000852

Steam Phase Data


Data on Saturation Curve
Temperatur Pressure Density
(psia)
(lbm/ft3)
e oF

486.42
486.60
486.78
486.96
487.14
487.31
487.49
487.67
487.85
488.02
488.20
488.38
488.55
488.73
488.91
489.08
489.26
489.43
489.61
489.78
489.96
490.13
490.31
490.48
490.66
490.83
491.00
491.18
491.35
491.52
491.70
491.87
492.04
492.21
492.38
492.56
492.73
492.90
493.07
493.24
493.41
493.58
493.75
493.92
494.09
494.26

601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646

1.3007
1.3029
1.3051
1.3074
1.3096
1.3119
1.3141
1.3163
1.3186
1.3208
1.3231
1.3253
1.3275
1.3298
1.3320
1.3343
1.3365
1.3388
1.3410
1.3433
1.3455
1.3477
1.3500
1.3522
1.3545
1.3567
1.3590
1.3612
1.3635
1.3657
1.3680
1.3702
1.3725
1.3748
1.3770
1.3793
1.3815
1.3838
1.3860
1.3883
1.3905
1.3928
1.3951
1.3973
1.3996
1.4018

Volume
(ft3/lbm)

Internal
Energy
(Btu/lbm)

Enthalpy
Entropy
Cv
Cp
Sound
(Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd. (ft/s)

0.76883
0.76751
0.76620
0.76488
0.76358
0.76227
0.76098
0.75968
0.75839
0.75710
0.75582
0.75454
0.75327
0.75200
0.75073
0.74947
0.74821
0.74696
0.74571
0.74446
0.74322
0.74198
0.74074
0.73951
0.73829
0.73706
0.73584
0.73462
0.73341
0.73220
0.73100
0.72980
0.72860
0.72740
0.72621
0.72503
0.72384
0.72266
0.72149
0.72031
0.71915
0.71798
0.71682
0.71566
0.71450
0.71335

1,119.1
1,119.1
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.6
1,118.6
1,118.6
1,118.6
1,118.6
1,118.6
1,118.6
1,118.5
1,118.5
1,118.5
1,118.5

1,204.6
1,204.6
1,204.6
1,204.6
1,204.6
1,204.6
1,204.5
1,204.5
1,204.5
1,204.5
1,204.5
1,204.5
1,204.4
1,204.4
1,204.4
1,204.4
1,204.4
1,204.3
1,204.3
1,204.3
1,204.3
1,204.3
1,204.3
1,204.2
1,204.2
1,204.2
1,204.2
1,204.2
1,204.2
1,204.1
1,204.1
1,204.1
1,204.1
1,204.1
1,204.0
1,204.0
1,204.0
1,204.0
1,204.0
1,204.0
1,203.9
1,203.9
1,203.9
1,203.9
1,203.9
1,203.8

1.4471
1.4470
1.4468
1.4466
1.4465
1.4463
1.4461
1.4460
1.4458
1.4456
1.4455
1.4453
1.4451
1.4450
1.4448
1.4446
1.4445
1.4443
1.4442
1.4440
1.4438
1.4437
1.4435
1.4433
1.4432
1.4430
1.4428
1.4427
1.4425
1.4424
1.4422
1.4420
1.4419
1.4417
1.4416
1.4414
1.4412
1.4411
1.4409
1.4408
1.4406
1.4404
1.4403
1.4401
1.4400
1.4398

0.59445
0.59466
0.59488
0.59509
0.59530
0.59551
0.59572
0.59593
0.59614
0.59635
0.59656
0.59677
0.59698
0.59719
0.59740
0.59761
0.59781
0.59802
0.59823
0.59844
0.59865
0.59886
0.59906
0.59927
0.59948
0.59969
0.59990
0.60010
0.60031
0.60052
0.60072
0.60093
0.60114
0.60134
0.60155
0.60175
0.60196
0.60217
0.60237
0.60258
0.60278
0.60299
0.60319
0.60340
0.60360
0.60380

0.97500
0.97568
0.97636
0.97704
0.97772
0.97840
0.97908
0.97976
0.98044
0.98112
0.98180
0.98248
0.98316
0.98384
0.98452
0.98520
0.98588
0.98656
0.98724
0.98792
0.98860
0.98929
0.98997
0.99065
0.99133
0.99202
0.99270
0.99338
0.99406
0.99475
0.99543
0.99611
0.99680
0.99748
0.99816
0.99885
0.99953
1.00020
1.00090
1.00160
1.00230
1.00300
1.00360
1.00430
1.00500
1.00570

1,644.0
1,644.0
1,643.9
1,643.8
1,643.7
1,643.7
1,643.6
1,643.5
1,643.4
1,643.4
1,643.3
1,643.2
1,643.1
1,643.1
1,643.0
1,642.9
1,642.8
1,642.8
1,642.7
1,642.6
1,642.5
1,642.5
1,642.4
1,642.3
1,642.2
1,642.2
1,642.1
1,642.0
1,641.9
1,641.9
1,641.8
1,641.7
1,641.6
1,641.6
1,641.5
1,641.4
1,641.3
1,641.2
1,641.2
1,641.1
1,641.0
1,640.9
1,640.9
1,640.8
1,640.7
1,640.6

JouleThomson
(F/psia)

0.195380
0.195220
0.195060
0.194910
0.194750
0.194600
0.194440
0.194290
0.194130
0.193980
0.193830
0.193670
0.193520
0.193370
0.193220
0.193060
0.192910
0.192760
0.192610
0.192460
0.192310
0.192160
0.192010
0.191860
0.191710
0.191560
0.191420
0.191270
0.191120
0.190970
0.190830
0.190680
0.190530
0.190390
0.190240
0.190100
0.189950
0.189810
0.189660
0.189520
0.189370
0.189230
0.189090
0.188940
0.188800
0.188660

494.43
494.60
494.77
494.94
495.10
495.27
495.44
495.61
495.78
495.94
496.11
496.28
496.45
496.61
496.78
496.95
497.11
497.28
497.44
497.61
497.78
497.94
498.11
498.27
498.44
498.60
498.76
498.93
499.09
499.26
499.42
499.58
499.75
499.91
500.07
500.24
500.40
500.56
500.72
500.88
501.05
501.21
501.37
501.53
501.69
501.85
502.01
502.17
502.33
502.49
502.65
502.81

647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698

1.4041
1.4064
1.4086
1.4109
1.4131
1.4154
1.4177
1.4199
1.4222
1.4245
1.4267
1.4290
1.4313
1.4335
1.4358
1.4381
1.4403
1.4426
1.4449
1.4472
1.4494
1.4517
1.4540
1.4562
1.4585
1.4608
1.4631
1.4653
1.4676
1.4699
1.4722
1.4745
1.4767
1.4790
1.4813
1.4836
1.4858
1.4881
1.4904
1.4927
1.4950
1.4973
1.4995
1.5018
1.5041
1.5064
1.5087
1.5110
1.5133
1.5156
1.5178
1.5201

0.71220
0.71106
0.70992
0.70878
0.70764
0.70651
0.70538
0.70426
0.70314
0.70202
0.70090
0.69979
0.69868
0.69758
0.69648
0.69538
0.69428
0.69319
0.69210
0.69101
0.68993
0.68885
0.68777
0.68670
0.68563
0.68456
0.68350
0.68243
0.68138
0.68032
0.67927
0.67822
0.67717
0.67613
0.67509
0.67405
0.67302
0.67198
0.67095
0.66993
0.66891
0.66789
0.66687
0.66585
0.66484
0.66383
0.66283
0.66182
0.66082
0.65982
0.65883
0.65784

1,118.5
1,118.5
1,118.5
1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.3
1,118.3
1,118.3
1,118.3
1,118.3
1,118.3
1,118.2
1,118.2
1,118.2
1,118.2
1,118.2
1,118.2
1,118.2
1,118.1
1,118.1
1,118.1
1,118.1
1,118.1
1,118.1
1,118.1
1,118.0
1,118.0
1,118.0
1,118.0
1,118.0
1,118.0
1,117.9
1,117.9
1,117.9
1,117.9
1,117.9
1,117.9
1,117.8
1,117.8
1,117.8
1,117.8
1,117.8
1,117.8
1,117.7
1,117.7
1,117.7

1,203.8
1,203.8
1,203.8
1,203.8
1,203.7
1,203.7
1,203.7
1,203.7
1,203.7
1,203.6
1,203.6
1,203.6
1,203.6
1,203.6
1,203.5
1,203.5
1,203.5
1,203.5
1,203.5
1,203.4
1,203.4
1,203.4
1,203.4
1,203.4
1,203.3
1,203.3
1,203.3
1,203.3
1,203.2
1,203.2
1,203.2
1,203.2
1,203.2
1,203.1
1,203.1
1,203.1
1,203.1
1,203.1
1,203.0
1,203.0
1,203.0
1,203.0
1,202.9
1,202.9
1,202.9
1,202.9
1,202.9
1,202.8
1,202.8
1,202.8
1,202.8
1,202.7

1.4396
1.4395
1.4393
1.4392
1.4390
1.4389
1.4387
1.4385
1.4384
1.4382
1.4381
1.4379
1.4378
1.4376
1.4374
1.4373
1.4371
1.4370
1.4368
1.4367
1.4365
1.4364
1.4362
1.4360
1.4359
1.4357
1.4356
1.4354
1.4353
1.4351
1.4350
1.4348
1.4347
1.4345
1.4343
1.4342
1.4340
1.4339
1.4337
1.4336
1.4334
1.4333
1.4331
1.4330
1.4328
1.4327
1.4325
1.4324
1.4322
1.4321
1.4319
1.4318

0.60401
0.60421
0.60442
0.60462
0.60482
0.60503
0.60523
0.60543
0.60564
0.60584
0.60604
0.60625
0.60645
0.60665
0.60685
0.60705
0.60726
0.60746
0.60766
0.60786
0.60806
0.60826
0.60847
0.60867
0.60887
0.60907
0.60927
0.60947
0.60967
0.60987
0.61007
0.61027
0.61047
0.61067
0.61087
0.61107
0.61127
0.61147
0.61166
0.61186
0.61206
0.61226
0.61246
0.61266
0.61285
0.61305
0.61325
0.61345
0.61365
0.61384
0.61404
0.61424

1.00640
1.00710
1.00780
1.00840
1.00910
1.00980
1.01050
1.01120
1.01190
1.01260
1.01330
1.01390
1.01460
1.01530
1.01600
1.01670
1.01740
1.01810
1.01880
1.01950
1.02020
1.02080
1.02150
1.02220
1.02290
1.02360
1.02430
1.02500
1.02570
1.02640
1.02710
1.02780
1.02850
1.02910
1.02980
1.03050
1.03120
1.03190
1.03260
1.03330
1.03400
1.03470
1.03540
1.03610
1.03680
1.03750
1.03820
1.03890
1.03960
1.04030
1.04100
1.04170

1,640.5
1,640.5
1,640.4
1,640.3
1,640.2
1,640.1
1,640.1
1,640.0
1,639.9
1,639.8
1,639.7
1,639.7
1,639.6
1,639.5
1,639.4
1,639.3
1,639.3
1,639.2
1,639.1
1,639.0
1,638.9
1,638.9
1,638.8
1,638.7
1,638.6
1,638.5
1,638.4
1,638.4
1,638.3
1,638.2
1,638.1
1,638.0
1,637.9
1,637.9
1,637.8
1,637.7
1,637.6
1,637.5
1,637.4
1,637.4
1,637.3
1,637.2
1,637.1
1,637.0
1,636.9
1,636.9
1,636.8
1,636.7
1,636.6
1,636.5
1,636.4
1,636.4

0.188520
0.188370
0.188230
0.188090
0.187950
0.187810
0.187670
0.187530
0.187390
0.187250
0.187110
0.186970
0.186830
0.186690
0.186560
0.186420
0.186280
0.186140
0.186010
0.185870
0.185730
0.185600
0.185460
0.185330
0.185190
0.185060
0.184920
0.184790
0.184650
0.184520
0.184380
0.184250
0.184120
0.183980
0.183850
0.183720
0.183590
0.183450
0.183320
0.183190
0.183060
0.182930
0.182800
0.182670
0.182540
0.182410
0.182280
0.182150
0.182020
0.181890
0.181760
0.181640

502.97
503.13
503.29
503.45
503.61
503.77
503.93
504.09
504.24
504.40
504.56
504.72
504.88
505.03
505.19
505.35
505.50
505.66
505.82
505.97
506.13
506.29
506.44
506.60
506.75
506.91
507.06
507.22
507.37
507.53
507.68
507.84
507.99
508.15
508.30
508.45
508.61
508.76
508.91
509.07
509.22
509.37
509.53
509.68
509.83
509.98
510.14
510.29
510.44
510.59
510.74
510.89

699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750

1.5224
1.5247
1.5270
1.5293
1.5316
1.5339
1.5362
1.5385
1.5408
1.5431
1.5454
1.5477
1.5500
1.5523
1.5546
1.5569
1.5592
1.5615
1.5638
1.5661
1.5684
1.5707
1.5730
1.5753
1.5776
1.5799
1.5822
1.5845
1.5868
1.5891
1.5914
1.5937
1.5960
1.5983
1.6007
1.6030
1.6053
1.6076
1.6099
1.6122
1.6145
1.6169
1.6192
1.6215
1.6238
1.6261
1.6284
1.6308
1.6331
1.6354
1.6377
1.6400

0.65685
0.65586
0.65487
0.65389
0.65291
0.65194
0.65096
0.64999
0.64903
0.64806
0.64710
0.64614
0.64518
0.64422
0.64327
0.64232
0.64137
0.64043
0.63949
0.63855
0.63761
0.63667
0.63574
0.63481
0.63388
0.63296
0.63204
0.63112
0.63020
0.62928
0.62837
0.62746
0.62655
0.62565
0.62474
0.62384
0.62294
0.62205
0.62115
0.62026
0.61937
0.61848
0.61760
0.61672
0.61584
0.61496
0.61408
0.61321
0.61234
0.61147
0.61060
0.60974

1,117.7
1,117.7
1,117.7
1,117.6
1,117.6
1,117.6
1,117.6
1,117.6
1,117.6
1,117.5
1,117.5
1,117.5
1,117.5
1,117.5
1,117.5
1,117.4
1,117.4
1,117.4
1,117.4
1,117.4
1,117.4
1,117.3
1,117.3
1,117.3
1,117.3
1,117.3
1,117.3
1,117.2
1,117.2
1,117.2
1,117.2
1,117.2
1,117.1
1,117.1
1,117.1
1,117.1
1,117.1
1,117.1
1,117.0
1,117.0
1,117.0
1,117.0
1,117.0
1,116.9
1,116.9
1,116.9
1,116.9
1,116.9
1,116.8
1,116.8
1,116.8
1,116.8

1,202.7
1,202.7
1,202.7
1,202.6
1,202.6
1,202.6
1,202.6
1,202.6
1,202.5
1,202.5
1,202.5
1,202.5
1,202.4
1,202.4
1,202.4
1,202.4
1,202.3
1,202.3
1,202.3
1,202.3
1,202.2
1,202.2
1,202.2
1,202.2
1,202.2
1,202.1
1,202.1
1,202.1
1,202.1
1,202.0
1,202.0
1,202.0
1,202.0
1,201.9
1,201.9
1,201.9
1,201.9
1,201.8
1,201.8
1,201.8
1,201.8
1,201.7
1,201.7
1,201.7
1,201.7
1,201.6
1,201.6
1,201.6
1,201.5
1,201.5
1,201.5
1,201.5

1.4316
1.4315
1.4313
1.4312
1.4310
1.4309
1.4307
1.4306
1.4304
1.4303
1.4301
1.4300
1.4298
1.4297
1.4295
1.4294
1.4292
1.4291
1.4289
1.4288
1.4286
1.4285
1.4284
1.4282
1.4281
1.4279
1.4278
1.4276
1.4275
1.4273
1.4272
1.4270
1.4269
1.4267
1.4266
1.4265
1.4263
1.4262
1.4260
1.4259
1.4257
1.4256
1.4254
1.4253
1.4252
1.4250
1.4249
1.4247
1.4246
1.4244
1.4243
1.4242

0.61444
0.61463
0.61483
0.61503
0.61522
0.61542
0.61562
0.61581
0.61601
0.61620
0.61640
0.61660
0.61679
0.61699
0.61718
0.61738
0.61757
0.61777
0.61796
0.61816
0.61835
0.61855
0.61874
0.61894
0.61913
0.61932
0.61952
0.61971
0.61991
0.62010
0.62029
0.62049
0.62068
0.62087
0.62107
0.62126
0.62145
0.62164
0.62184
0.62203
0.62222
0.62241
0.62261
0.62280
0.62299
0.62318
0.62337
0.62356
0.62376
0.62395
0.62414
0.62433

1.04240
1.04310
1.04380
1.04440
1.04510
1.04580
1.04650
1.04720
1.04790
1.04860
1.04930
1.05000
1.05070
1.05140
1.05210
1.05280
1.05350
1.05420
1.05500
1.05570
1.05640
1.05710
1.05780
1.05850
1.05920
1.05990
1.06060
1.06130
1.06200
1.06270
1.06340
1.06410
1.06480
1.06550
1.06620
1.06690
1.06760
1.06830
1.06900
1.06980
1.07050
1.07120
1.07190
1.07260
1.07330
1.07400
1.07470
1.07540
1.07610
1.07680
1.07760
1.07830

1,636.3
1,636.2
1,636.1
1,636.0
1,635.9
1,635.8
1,635.8
1,635.7
1,635.6
1,635.5
1,635.4
1,635.3
1,635.2
1,635.1
1,635.1
1,635.0
1,634.9
1,634.8
1,634.7
1,634.6
1,634.5
1,634.5
1,634.4
1,634.3
1,634.2
1,634.1
1,634.0
1,633.9
1,633.8
1,633.7
1,633.7
1,633.6
1,633.5
1,633.4
1,633.3
1,633.2
1,633.1
1,633.0
1,633.0
1,632.9
1,632.8
1,632.7
1,632.6
1,632.5
1,632.4
1,632.3
1,632.2
1,632.1
1,632.1
1,632.0
1,631.9
1,631.8

0.181510
0.181380
0.181250
0.181120
0.181000
0.180870
0.180740
0.180620
0.180490
0.180360
0.180240
0.180110
0.179990
0.179860
0.179740
0.179610
0.179490
0.179370
0.179240
0.179120
0.179000
0.178870
0.178750
0.178630
0.178500
0.178380
0.178260
0.178140
0.178020
0.177900
0.177770
0.177650
0.177530
0.177410
0.177290
0.177170
0.177050
0.176930
0.176810
0.176690
0.176580
0.176460
0.176340
0.176220
0.176100
0.175980
0.175870
0.175750
0.175630
0.175510
0.175400
0.175280

511.04
511.20
511.35
511.50
511.65
511.80
511.95
512.10
512.25
512.40
512.55
512.70
512.85
512.99
513.14
513.29
513.44
513.59
513.74
513.89
514.03
514.18
514.33
514.48
514.63
514.77
514.92
515.07
515.21
515.36
515.51
515.65
515.80
515.95
516.09
516.24
516.39
516.53
516.68
516.82
516.97
517.11
517.26
517.40
517.55
517.69
517.84
517.98
518.12
518.27

751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800

1.6424
1.6447
1.6470
1.6493
1.6517
1.6540
1.6563
1.6586
1.6610
1.6633
1.6656
1.6680
1.6703
1.6726
1.6749
1.6773
1.6796
1.6819
1.6843
1.6866
1.6889
1.6913
1.6936
1.6960
1.6983
1.7006
1.7030
1.7053
1.7076
1.7100
1.7123
1.7147
1.7170
1.7194
1.7217
1.7240
1.7264
1.7287
1.7311
1.7334
1.7358
1.7381
1.7405
1.7428
1.7452
1.7475
1.7499
1.7522
1.7546
1.7569

0.60888
0.60802
0.60716
0.60631
0.60545
0.60460
0.60375
0.60290
0.60206
0.60122
0.60038
0.59954
0.59870
0.59787
0.59704
0.59621
0.59538
0.59455
0.59373
0.59291
0.59209
0.59127
0.59045
0.58964
0.58883
0.58802
0.58721
0.58641
0.58560
0.58480
0.58400
0.58320
0.58241
0.58161
0.58082
0.58003
0.57924
0.57846
0.57767
0.57689
0.57611
0.57533
0.57456
0.57378
0.57301
0.57224
0.57147
0.57070
0.56994
0.56917

1,116.8
1,116.8
1,116.7
1,116.7
1,116.7
1,116.7
1,116.7
1,116.6
1,116.6
1,116.6
1,116.6
1,116.6
1,116.5
1,116.5
1,116.5
1,116.5
1,116.5
1,116.4
1,116.4
1,116.4
1,116.4
1,116.4
1,116.3
1,116.3
1,116.3
1,116.3
1,116.3
1,116.2
1,116.2
1,116.2
1,116.2
1,116.2
1,116.1
1,116.1
1,116.1
1,116.1
1,116.1
1,116.0
1,116.0
1,116.0
1,116.0
1,116.0
1,115.9
1,115.9
1,115.9
1,115.9
1,115.9
1,115.8
1,115.8
1,115.8

1,201.4
1,201.4
1,201.4
1,201.4
1,201.3
1,201.3
1,201.3
1,201.3
1,201.2
1,201.2
1,201.2
1,201.2
1,201.1
1,201.1
1,201.1
1,201.0
1,201.0
1,201.0
1,201.0
1,200.9
1,200.9
1,200.9
1,200.9
1,200.8
1,200.8
1,200.8
1,200.8
1,200.7
1,200.7
1,200.7
1,200.6
1,200.6
1,200.6
1,200.6
1,200.5
1,200.5
1,200.5
1,200.4
1,200.4
1,200.4
1,200.4
1,200.3
1,200.3
1,200.3
1,200.2
1,200.2
1,200.2
1,200.2
1,200.1
1,200.1

1.4240
1.4239
1.4237
1.4236
1.4234
1.4233
1.4232
1.4230
1.4229
1.4227
1.4226
1.4224
1.4223
1.4222
1.4220
1.4219
1.4217
1.4216
1.4215
1.4213
1.4212
1.4210
1.4209
1.4208
1.4206
1.4205
1.4203
1.4202
1.4201
1.4199
1.4198
1.4196
1.4195
1.4194
1.4192
1.4191
1.4189
1.4188
1.4187
1.4185
1.4184
1.4182
1.4181
1.4180
1.4178
1.4177
1.4176
1.4174
1.4173
1.4171

0.62452
0.62471
0.62490
0.62509
0.62528
0.62547
0.62566
0.62585
0.62605
0.62624
0.62643
0.62662
0.62680
0.62699
0.62718
0.62737
0.62756
0.62775
0.62794
0.62813
0.62832
0.62851
0.62870
0.62889
0.62907
0.62926
0.62945
0.62964
0.62983
0.63001
0.63020
0.63039
0.63058
0.63077
0.63095
0.63114
0.63133
0.63152
0.63170
0.63189
0.63208
0.63226
0.63245
0.63264
0.63282
0.63301
0.63320
0.63338
0.63357
0.63375

1.07900
1.07970
1.08040
1.08110
1.08180
1.08250
1.08330
1.08400
1.08470
1.08540
1.08610
1.08680
1.08750
1.08830
1.08900
1.08970
1.09040
1.09110
1.09180
1.09260
1.09330
1.09400
1.09470
1.09540
1.09610
1.09690
1.09760
1.09830
1.09900
1.09970
1.10050
1.10120
1.10190
1.10260
1.10340
1.10410
1.10480
1.10550
1.10620
1.10700
1.10770
1.10840
1.10910
1.10990
1.11060
1.11130
1.11200
1.11280
1.11350
1.11420

1,631.7
1,631.6
1,631.5
1,631.4
1,631.3
1,631.2
1,631.1
1,631.1
1,631.0
1,630.9
1,630.8
1,630.7
1,630.6
1,630.5
1,630.4
1,630.3
1,630.2
1,630.1
1,630.0
1,629.9
1,629.9
1,629.8
1,629.7
1,629.6
1,629.5
1,629.4
1,629.3
1,629.2
1,629.1
1,629.0
1,628.9
1,628.8
1,628.7
1,628.6
1,628.5
1,628.5
1,628.4
1,628.3
1,628.2
1,628.1
1,628.0
1,627.9
1,627.8
1,627.7
1,627.6
1,627.5
1,627.4
1,627.3
1,627.2
1,627.1

0.175160
0.175050
0.174930
0.174820
0.174700
0.174590
0.174470
0.174360
0.174240
0.174130
0.174010
0.173900
0.173780
0.173670
0.173560
0.173440
0.173330
0.173220
0.173100
0.172990
0.172880
0.172770
0.172660
0.172540
0.172430
0.172320
0.172210
0.172100
0.171990
0.171880
0.171770
0.171660
0.171550
0.171440
0.171330
0.171220
0.171110
0.171000
0.170890
0.170780
0.170670
0.170560
0.170460
0.170350
0.170240
0.170130
0.170020
0.169920
0.169810
0.169700

Auxiliary Data
( All data downloaded from NIST website: http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/fluid/ )

Reference States
Internal energy
Entropy

U=
S=

0.0
0.0

at 273.16 K for saturated liquid.


at 273.16 K for saturated liquid.

Additional fluid data


Critical temperature (Tc)
Critical pressure (Pc)
Critical density (Dc)
Acentric factor
Normal boiling point
Dipole moment

705.10
3200.1
20.102
0.3443
211.95
1.855

F
psia
lbm/ft3

F
Debye

Viscosity
(cP)

Therm.
Cond.
(W/m*K)

Surf.
Tension
(lb/in)

Phase

0.10500
0.10495
0.10491
0.10486
0.10482
0.10478
0.10473
0.10469
0.10464
0.10460
0.10455
0.10451
0.10447
0.10442
0.10438
0.10434
0.10429
0.10425
0.10421
0.10416
0.10412
0.10408
0.10403
0.10399
0.10395
0.10390
0.10386
0.10382
0.10378
0.10373
0.10369
0.10365
0.10361
0.10356
0.10352
0.10348
0.10344
0.10340
0.10336
0.10331
0.10327
0.10323
0.10319
0.10315
0.10311
0.10306

0.61838
0.61826
0.61815
0.61803
0.61792
0.61780
0.61769
0.61757
0.61745
0.61734
0.61722
0.61711
0.61699
0.61688
0.61676
0.61665
0.61653
0.61642
0.61630
0.61619
0.61607
0.61596
0.61584
0.61573
0.61561
0.61550
0.61538
0.61527
0.61515
0.61504
0.61492
0.61480
0.61469
0.61458
0.61446
0.61435
0.61423
0.61412
0.61400
0.61389
0.61377
0.61366
0.61354
0.61343
0.61331
0.61320

0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.10302
0.10298
0.10294
0.10290
0.10286
0.10282
0.10278
0.10274
0.10270
0.10266
0.10262
0.10257
0.10253
0.10249
0.10245
0.10241
0.10237
0.10233
0.10229
0.10225
0.10221
0.10217
0.10213
0.10210
0.10206
0.10202
0.10198
0.10194
0.10190
0.10186
0.10182
0.10178
0.10174
0.10170
0.10166
0.10162
0.10159
0.10155
0.10151
0.10147
0.10143
0.10139
0.10135
0.10132
0.10128
0.10124
0.10120
0.10116
0.10113
0.10109
0.10105
0.10101

0.61308
0.61297
0.61285
0.61274
0.61262
0.61251
0.61239
0.61228
0.61216
0.61205
0.61193
0.61182
0.61171
0.61159
0.61148
0.61136
0.61125
0.61113
0.61102
0.61090
0.61079
0.61067
0.61056
0.61045
0.61033
0.61022
0.61010
0.60999
0.60987
0.60976
0.60965
0.60953
0.60942
0.60930
0.60919
0.60907
0.60896
0.60885
0.60873
0.60862
0.60850
0.60839
0.60827
0.60816
0.60805
0.60793
0.60782
0.60770
0.60759
0.60748
0.60736
0.60725

0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.10097
0.10094
0.10090
0.10086
0.10082
0.10079
0.10075
0.10071
0.10067
0.10064
0.10060
0.10056
0.10053
0.10049
0.10045
0.10041
0.10038
0.10034
0.10030
0.10027
0.10023
0.10019
0.10016
0.10012
0.10009
0.10005
0.10001
0.09998
0.09994
0.09990
0.09987
0.09983
0.09980
0.09976
0.09972
0.09969
0.09965
0.09962
0.09958
0.09955
0.09951
0.09948
0.09944
0.09940
0.09937
0.09933
0.09930
0.09926
0.09923
0.09919
0.09916
0.09912

0.60713
0.60702
0.60691
0.60679
0.60668
0.60656
0.60645
0.60634
0.60622
0.60611
0.60600
0.60588
0.60577
0.60565
0.60554
0.60543
0.60531
0.60520
0.60509
0.60497
0.60486
0.60474
0.60463
0.60452
0.60440
0.60429
0.60418
0.60406
0.60395
0.60384
0.60372
0.60361
0.60350
0.60338
0.60327
0.60315
0.60304
0.60293
0.60281
0.60270
0.60259
0.60247
0.60236
0.60225
0.60213
0.60202
0.60191
0.60179
0.60168
0.60157
0.60145
0.60134

0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.09909
0.09905
0.09902
0.09898
0.09895
0.09891
0.09888
0.09885
0.09881
0.09878
0.09874
0.09871
0.09867
0.09864
0.09860
0.09857
0.09854
0.09850
0.09847
0.09843
0.09840
0.09837
0.09833
0.09830
0.09827
0.09823
0.09820
0.09816
0.09813
0.09810
0.09806
0.09803
0.09800
0.09796
0.09793
0.09790
0.09786
0.09783
0.09780
0.09776
0.09773
0.09770
0.09767
0.09763
0.09760
0.09757
0.09753
0.09750
0.09747
0.09744

0.60123
0.60112
0.60100
0.60089
0.60078
0.60066
0.60055
0.60044
0.60032
0.60021
0.60010
0.59998
0.59987
0.59976
0.59965
0.59953
0.59942
0.59931
0.59919
0.59908
0.59897
0.59886
0.59874
0.59863
0.59852
0.59840
0.59829
0.59818
0.59807
0.59795
0.59784
0.59773
0.59761
0.59750
0.59739
0.59728
0.59716
0.59705
0.59694
0.59683
0.59671
0.59660
0.59649
0.59638
0.59626
0.59615
0.59604
0.59593
0.59581
0.59570

0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

Viscosity
(cP)

Therm.
Cond.
(W/m*K)

Phase

0.01759
0.01759
0.01760
0.01760
0.01760
0.01761
0.01761
0.01761
0.01762
0.01762
0.01763
0.01763
0.01763
0.01764
0.01764
0.01764
0.01765
0.01765
0.01765
0.01766
0.01766
0.01767
0.01767
0.01767
0.01768
0.01768
0.01768
0.01769
0.01769
0.01770
0.01770
0.01770
0.01771
0.01771
0.01771
0.01772
0.01772
0.01772
0.01773
0.01773
0.01774
0.01774
0.01774
0.01775
0.01775
0.01775

0.05192
0.05195
0.05197
0.05200
0.05203
0.05205
0.05208
0.05211
0.05213
0.05216
0.05219
0.05221
0.05224
0.05227
0.05229
0.05232
0.05235
0.05237
0.05240
0.05243
0.05246
0.05248
0.05251
0.05254
0.05256
0.05259
0.05262
0.05264
0.05267
0.05269
0.05272
0.05275
0.05277
0.05280
0.05283
0.05285
0.05288
0.05291
0.05293
0.05296
0.05299
0.05301
0.05304
0.05307
0.05309
0.05312

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01776
0.01776
0.01776
0.01777
0.01777
0.01778
0.01778
0.01778
0.01779
0.01779
0.01779
0.01780
0.01780
0.01780
0.01781
0.01781
0.01782
0.01782
0.01782
0.01783
0.01783
0.01783
0.01784
0.01784
0.01784
0.01785
0.01785
0.01785
0.01786
0.01786
0.01786
0.01787
0.01787
0.01788
0.01788
0.01788
0.01789
0.01789
0.01789
0.01790
0.01790
0.01790
0.01791
0.01791
0.01791
0.01792
0.01792
0.01792
0.01793
0.01793
0.01794
0.01794

0.05315
0.05317
0.05320
0.05323
0.05325
0.05328
0.05331
0.05333
0.05336
0.05338
0.05341
0.05344
0.05346
0.05349
0.05352
0.05354
0.05357
0.05360
0.05362
0.05365
0.05368
0.05370
0.05373
0.05375
0.05378
0.05381
0.05383
0.05386
0.05389
0.05391
0.05394
0.05397
0.05399
0.05402
0.05404
0.05407
0.05410
0.05412
0.05415
0.05418
0.05420
0.05423
0.05425
0.05428
0.05431
0.05433
0.05436
0.05439
0.05441
0.05444
0.05446
0.05449

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01794
0.01795
0.01795
0.01795
0.01796
0.01796
0.01796
0.01797
0.01797
0.01797
0.01798
0.01798
0.01798
0.01799
0.01799
0.01799
0.01800
0.01800
0.01800
0.01801
0.01801
0.01801
0.01802
0.01802
0.01803
0.01803
0.01803
0.01804
0.01804
0.01804
0.01805
0.01805
0.01805
0.01806
0.01806
0.01806
0.01807
0.01807
0.01807
0.01808
0.01808
0.01808
0.01809
0.01809
0.01809
0.01810
0.01810
0.01810
0.01811
0.01811
0.01811
0.01812

0.05452
0.05454
0.05457
0.05460
0.05462
0.05465
0.05467
0.05470
0.05473
0.05475
0.05478
0.05481
0.05483
0.05486
0.05488
0.05491
0.05494
0.05496
0.05499
0.05502
0.05504
0.05507
0.05509
0.05512
0.05515
0.05517
0.05520
0.05522
0.05525
0.05528
0.05530
0.05533
0.05536
0.05538
0.05541
0.05543
0.05546
0.05549
0.05551
0.05554
0.05557
0.05559
0.05562
0.05564
0.05567
0.05570
0.05572
0.05575
0.05577
0.05580
0.05583
0.05585

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01812
0.01812
0.01813
0.01813
0.01813
0.01814
0.01814
0.01814
0.01815
0.01815
0.01815
0.01816
0.01816
0.01816
0.01817
0.01817
0.01817
0.01818
0.01818
0.01818
0.01819
0.01819
0.01819
0.01820
0.01820
0.01820
0.01821
0.01821
0.01821
0.01822
0.01822
0.01822
0.01823
0.01823
0.01823
0.01824
0.01824
0.01824
0.01825
0.01825
0.01825
0.01826
0.01826
0.01826
0.01827
0.01827
0.01827
0.01828
0.01828
0.01828

0.05588
0.05591
0.05593
0.05596
0.05598
0.05601
0.05604
0.05606
0.05609
0.05611
0.05614
0.05617
0.05619
0.05622
0.05624
0.05627
0.05630
0.05632
0.05635
0.05638
0.05640
0.05643
0.05645
0.05648
0.05651
0.05653
0.05656
0.05658
0.05661
0.05664
0.05666
0.05669
0.05672
0.05674
0.05677
0.05679
0.05682
0.05685
0.05687
0.05690
0.05692
0.05695
0.05698
0.05700
0.05703
0.05706
0.05708
0.05711
0.05713
0.05716

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

Super Heated Steam Data


Isobaric
Data for
614.706.43
psia
7.57
5.57
6.14 P = 7.71
Temperatur Pressure Density
(psia)
(lbm/ft3)
e oF

Volume
(ft3/lbm)

Internal
Energy
(Btu/lbm)

6.29

7.29

7.43

7.43

6.71

Enthalpy
Entropy
Cv
Cp
Sound
(Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd. (ft/s)

7.71

7.14

JouleThomson
(F/psia)

Viscosity
(cP)

480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
488.85

614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7

50.00
49.95
49.89
49.84
49.78
49.73
49.67
49.62
49.56
49.52

0.0200
0.0200
0.0200
0.0201
0.0201
0.0201
0.0201
0.0202
0.0202
0.0202

462.51
463.66
464.82
465.99
467.15
468.31
469.48
470.65
471.82
472.82

464.78
465.94
467.11
468.27
469.44
470.60
471.77
472.94
474.11
475.12

0.66505
0.66628
0.66752
0.66875
0.66999
0.67122
0.67246
0.67370
0.67493
0.67599

0.75510
0.75474
0.75438
0.75402
0.75366
0.75331
0.75296
0.75261
0.75226
0.75196

1.1601
1.1616
1.1631
1.1647
1.1662
1.1678
1.1694
1.1710
1.1726
1.1740

3,788.3
3,780.1
3,771.9
3,763.6
3,755.3
3,746.9
3,738.6
3,730.1
3,721.7
3,714.4

3.08E-05
4.98E-05
6.90E-05
8.83E-05
0.00011
0.00013
0.00015
0.00017
0.00019
0.00021

0.10672
0.10645
0.10619
0.10592
0.10566
0.10540
0.10514
0.10487
0.10461
0.10439

488.85
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529

614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7

1.331
1.331
1.328
1.324
1.321
1.318
1.315
1.312
1.309
1.306
1.303
1.300
1.297
1.294
1.291
1.288
1.285
1.282
1.279
1.277
1.274
1.271
1.268
1.266
1.263
1.260
1.258
1.255
1.253
1.250
1.248
1.245
1.243
1.240
1.238
1.235
1.233
1.230
1.228
1.226
1.223
1.221

0.7511
0.7514
0.7533
0.7551
0.7570
0.7588
0.7606
0.7624
0.7642
0.7660
0.7678
0.7695
0.7713
0.7730
0.7748
0.7765
0.7782
0.7800
0.7817
0.7834
0.7851
0.7867
0.7884
0.7901
0.7918
0.7934
0.7951
0.7967
0.7983
0.8000
0.8016
0.8032
0.8048
0.8064
0.8080
0.8096
0.8112
0.8128
0.8144
0.8159
0.8175
0.8191

1,118.9
1,119.0
1,119.8
1,120.5
1,121.3
1,122.0
1,122.8
1,123.5
1,124.2
1,125.0
1,125.7
1,126.4
1,127.1
1,127.8
1,128.5
1,129.2
1,129.9
1,130.5
1,131.2
1,131.9
1,132.6
1,133.2
1,133.9
1,134.6
1,135.2
1,135.9
1,136.5
1,137.2
1,137.8
1,138.4
1,139.1
1,139.7
1,140.3
1,141.0
1,141.6
1,142.2
1,142.8
1,143.4
1,144.1
1,144.7
1,145.3
1,145.9

1,204.4
1,204.5
1,205.5
1,206.5
1,207.5
1,208.4
1,209.4
1,210.3
1,211.2
1,212.2
1,213.1
1,214.0
1,214.9
1,215.8
1,216.7
1,217.6
1,218.4
1,219.3
1,220.2
1,221.1
1,221.9
1,222.8
1,223.6
1,224.5
1,225.3
1,226.2
1,227.0
1,227.8
1,228.7
1,229.5
1,230.3
1,231.1
1,231.9
1,232.8
1,233.6
1,234.4
1,235.2
1,236.0
1,236.7
1,237.5
1,238.3
1,239.1

1.4449
1.4450
1.4460
1.4471
1.4481
1.4491
1.4501
1.4510
1.4520
1.4530
1.4539
1.4549
1.4558
1.4568
1.4577
1.4586
1.4595
1.4605
1.4614
1.4623
1.4631
1.4640
1.4649
1.4658
1.4667
1.4675
1.4684
1.4692
1.4701
1.4709
1.4718
1.4726
1.4734
1.4743
1.4751
1.4759
1.4767
1.4775
1.4783
1.4791
1.4799
1.4807

0.59733
0.59671
0.59254
0.58856
0.58474
0.58109
0.57759
0.57423
0.57100
0.56790
0.56491
0.56203
0.55926
0.55658
0.55400
0.55150
0.54908
0.54674
0.54448
0.54228
0.54015
0.53808
0.53606
0.53411
0.53221
0.53035
0.52855
0.52679
0.52508
0.52340
0.52177
0.52018
0.51862
0.51709
0.51560
0.51414
0.51271
0.51132
0.50995
0.50860
0.50729
0.50599

0.98431
0.98299
0.97409
0.96557
0.95740
0.94955
0.94200
0.93474
0.92775
0.92101
0.91450
0.90822
0.90215
0.89628
0.89060
0.88509
0.87975
0.87457
0.86954
0.86465
0.85990
0.85528
0.85078
0.84639
0.84212
0.83796
0.83389
0.82993
0.82606
0.82227
0.81857
0.81496
0.81142
0.80796
0.80457
0.80125
0.79800
0.79481
0.79168
0.78862
0.78561
0.78266

1,643.0
1,643.4
1,646.0
1,648.6
1,651.1
1,653.6
1,656.0
1,658.5
1,660.8
1,663.2
1,665.5
1,667.8
1,670.1
1,672.3
1,674.5
1,676.7
1,678.8
1,681.0
1,683.1
1,685.2
1,687.3
1,689.3
1,691.4
1,693.4
1,695.4
1,697.4
1,699.4
1,701.3
1,703.3
1,705.2
1,707.1
1,709.0
1,710.9
1,712.7
1,714.6
1,716.4
1,718.3
1,720.1
1,721.9
1,723.7
1,725.5
1,727.3

0.19326
0.19318
0.19265
0.19211
0.19157
0.19102
0.19048
0.18993
0.18938
0.18882
0.18827
0.18771
0.18715
0.18660
0.18604
0.18548
0.18492
0.18436
0.18380
0.18324
0.18269
0.18213
0.18157
0.18102
0.18046
0.17991
0.17936
0.17881
0.17826
0.17771
0.17716
0.17662
0.17607
0.17553
0.17499
0.17445
0.17391
0.17337
0.17284
0.17230
0.17177
0.17124

0.01764
0.01764
0.01767
0.01770
0.01773
0.01775
0.01778
0.01781
0.01784
0.01786
0.01789
0.01792
0.01795
0.01797
0.01800
0.01803
0.01806
0.01808
0.01811
0.01814
0.01816
0.01819
0.01822
0.01825
0.01827
0.01830
0.01833
0.01835
0.01838
0.01841
0.01843
0.01846
0.01849
0.01852
0.01854
0.01857
0.01860
0.01862
0.01865
0.01868
0.01870
0.01873

530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587

614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7

1.219
1.216
1.214
1.212
1.210
1.207
1.205
1.203
1.201
1.198
1.196
1.194
1.192
1.190
1.188
1.186
1.184
1.181
1.179
1.177
1.175
1.173
1.171
1.169
1.167
1.165
1.163
1.161
1.159
1.158
1.156
1.154
1.152
1.150
1.148
1.146
1.144
1.142
1.141
1.139
1.137
1.135
1.133
1.132
1.130
1.128
1.126
1.124
1.123
1.121
1.119
1.118
1.116
1.114
1.112
1.111
1.109
1.107

0.8206
0.8222
0.8237
0.8253
0.8268
0.8284
0.8299
0.8314
0.8329
0.8344
0.8360
0.8375
0.8390
0.8405
0.8420
0.8435
0.8449
0.8464
0.8479
0.8494
0.8509
0.8523
0.8538
0.8553
0.8567
0.8582
0.8596
0.8611
0.8625
0.8639
0.8654
0.8668
0.8682
0.8697
0.8711
0.8725
0.8739
0.8754
0.8768
0.8782
0.8796
0.8810
0.8824
0.8838
0.8852
0.8866
0.8880
0.8893
0.8907
0.8921
0.8935
0.8949
0.8962
0.8976
0.8990
0.9003
0.9017
0.9031

1,146.5
1,147.1
1,147.7
1,148.3
1,148.9
1,149.5
1,150.1
1,150.6
1,151.2
1,151.8
1,152.4
1,153.0
1,153.6
1,154.1
1,154.7
1,155.3
1,155.9
1,156.4
1,157.0
1,157.6
1,158.1
1,158.7
1,159.2
1,159.8
1,160.4
1,160.9
1,161.5
1,162.0
1,162.6
1,163.1
1,163.7
1,164.2
1,164.8
1,165.3
1,165.9
1,166.4
1,166.9
1,167.5
1,168.0
1,168.6
1,169.1
1,169.6
1,170.2
1,170.7
1,171.2
1,171.8
1,172.3
1,172.8
1,173.3
1,173.9
1,174.4
1,174.9
1,175.4
1,176.0
1,176.5
1,177.0
1,177.5
1,178.0

1,239.9
1,240.7
1,241.4
1,242.2
1,243.0
1,243.8
1,244.5
1,245.3
1,246.0
1,246.8
1,247.6
1,248.3
1,249.1
1,249.8
1,250.5
1,251.3
1,252.0
1,252.8
1,253.5
1,254.2
1,255.0
1,255.7
1,256.4
1,257.2
1,257.9
1,258.6
1,259.3
1,260.0
1,260.8
1,261.5
1,262.2
1,262.9
1,263.6
1,264.3
1,265.0
1,265.7
1,266.4
1,267.1
1,267.8
1,268.5
1,269.2
1,269.9
1,270.6
1,271.3
1,272.0
1,272.7
1,273.4
1,274.0
1,274.7
1,275.4
1,276.1
1,276.8
1,277.5
1,278.1
1,278.8
1,279.5
1,280.2
1,280.8

1.4815
1.4823
1.4831
1.4839
1.4846
1.4854
1.4862
1.4869
1.4877
1.4885
1.4892
1.4900
1.4907
1.4915
1.4922
1.4929
1.4937
1.4944
1.4951
1.4959
1.4966
1.4973
1.4980
1.4988
1.4995
1.5002
1.5009
1.5016
1.5023
1.5030
1.5037
1.5044
1.5051
1.5058
1.5065
1.5072
1.5079
1.5085
1.5092
1.5099
1.5106
1.5112
1.5119
1.5126
1.5133
1.5139
1.5146
1.5152
1.5159
1.5166
1.5172
1.5179
1.5185
1.5192
1.5198
1.5205
1.5211
1.5217

0.50473
0.50349
0.50226
0.50107
0.49989
0.49873
0.49760
0.49648
0.49538
0.49430
0.49324
0.49219
0.49117
0.49015
0.48916
0.48818
0.48721
0.48626
0.48532
0.48440
0.48349
0.48259
0.48171
0.48084
0.47998
0.47913
0.47830
0.47748
0.47667
0.47587
0.47508
0.47430
0.47353
0.47277
0.47202
0.47129
0.47056
0.46984
0.46913
0.46843
0.46774
0.46706
0.46638
0.46572
0.46506
0.46442
0.46378
0.46314
0.46252
0.46190
0.46130
0.46070
0.46010
0.45952
0.45894
0.45837
0.45780
0.45724

0.77977
0.77692
0.77413
0.77139
0.76870
0.76605
0.76344
0.76089
0.75837
0.75589
0.75346
0.75106
0.74870
0.74638
0.74410
0.74185
0.73963
0.73745
0.73530
0.73319
0.73110
0.72905
0.72702
0.72502
0.72306
0.72112
0.71920
0.71732
0.71546
0.71362
0.71181
0.71003
0.70826
0.70653
0.70481
0.70312
0.70145
0.69980
0.69818
0.69657
0.69499
0.69342
0.69188
0.69035
0.68884
0.68736
0.68589
0.68444
0.68301
0.68159
0.68019
0.67881
0.67745
0.67610
0.67477
0.67345
0.67215
0.67087

1,729.1
1,730.8
1,732.6
1,734.3
1,736.0
1,737.8
1,739.5
1,741.2
1,742.9
1,744.6
1,746.2
1,747.9
1,749.6
1,751.2
1,752.9
1,754.5
1,756.2
1,757.8
1,759.4
1,761.0
1,762.6
1,764.2
1,765.8
1,767.4
1,769.0
1,770.6
1,772.1
1,773.7
1,775.3
1,776.8
1,778.3
1,779.9
1,781.4
1,782.9
1,784.5
1,786.0
1,787.5
1,789.0
1,790.5
1,792.0
1,793.5
1,795.0
1,796.4
1,797.9
1,799.4
1,800.8
1,802.3
1,803.7
1,805.2
1,806.6
1,808.1
1,809.5
1,810.9
1,812.4
1,813.8
1,815.2
1,816.6
1,818.0

0.17071
0.17018
0.16966
0.16914
0.16861
0.16809
0.16758
0.16706
0.16655
0.16603
0.16552
0.16501
0.16451
0.16400
0.16350
0.16300
0.16250
0.16200
0.16150
0.16101
0.16052
0.16002
0.15954
0.15905
0.15856
0.15808
0.15760
0.15712
0.15664
0.15616
0.15569
0.15522
0.15475
0.15428
0.15381
0.15334
0.15288
0.15242
0.15196
0.15150
0.15104
0.15059
0.15013
0.14968
0.14923
0.14879
0.14834
0.14789
0.14745
0.14701
0.14657
0.14613
0.14570
0.14526
0.14483
0.14440
0.14397
0.14354

0.01876
0.01878
0.01881
0.01884
0.01886
0.01889
0.01892
0.01894
0.01897
0.01900
0.01902
0.01905
0.01907
0.01910
0.01913
0.01915
0.01918
0.01921
0.01923
0.01926
0.01929
0.01931
0.01934
0.01936
0.01939
0.01942
0.01944
0.01947
0.01950
0.01952
0.01955
0.01957
0.01960
0.01963
0.01965
0.01968
0.01970
0.01973
0.01976
0.01978
0.01981
0.01983
0.01986
0.01989
0.01991
0.01994
0.01996
0.01999
0.02002
0.02004
0.02007
0.02009
0.02012
0.02015
0.02017
0.02020
0.02022
0.02025

588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645

614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7

1.106
1.104
1.102
1.101
1.099
1.098
1.096
1.094
1.093
1.091
1.090
1.088
1.086
1.085
1.083
1.082
1.080
1.079
1.077
1.076
1.074
1.073
1.071
1.070
1.068
1.067
1.065
1.064
1.062
1.061
1.059
1.058
1.056
1.055
1.053
1.052
1.051
1.049
1.048
1.046
1.045
1.044
1.042
1.041
1.039
1.038
1.037
1.035
1.034
1.033
1.031
1.030
1.029
1.027
1.026
1.025
1.023
1.022

0.9044
0.9058
0.9071
0.9085
0.9098
0.9112
0.9125
0.9139
0.9152
0.9165
0.9179
0.9192
0.9205
0.9219
0.9232
0.9245
0.9259
0.9272
0.9285
0.9298
0.9311
0.9324
0.9337
0.9351
0.9364
0.9377
0.9390
0.9403
0.9416
0.9429
0.9442
0.9455
0.9468
0.9480
0.9493
0.9506
0.9519
0.9532
0.9545
0.9557
0.9570
0.9583
0.9596
0.9609
0.9621
0.9634
0.9647
0.9659
0.9672
0.9685
0.9697
0.9710
0.9722
0.9735
0.9748
0.9760
0.9773
0.9785

1,178.5
1,179.1
1,179.6
1,180.1
1,180.6
1,181.1
1,181.6
1,182.1
1,182.6
1,183.1
1,183.6
1,184.2
1,184.7
1,185.2
1,185.7
1,186.2
1,186.7
1,187.2
1,187.7
1,188.2
1,188.7
1,189.2
1,189.7
1,190.2
1,190.6
1,191.1
1,191.6
1,192.1
1,192.6
1,193.1
1,193.6
1,194.1
1,194.6
1,195.1
1,195.6
1,196.0
1,196.5
1,197.0
1,197.5
1,198.0
1,198.5
1,199.0
1,199.4
1,199.9
1,200.4
1,200.9
1,201.4
1,201.8
1,202.3
1,202.8
1,203.3
1,203.8
1,204.2
1,204.7
1,205.2
1,205.7
1,206.1
1,206.6

1,281.5
1,282.2
1,282.8
1,283.5
1,284.2
1,284.8
1,285.5
1,286.1
1,286.8
1,287.5
1,288.1
1,288.8
1,289.4
1,290.1
1,290.7
1,291.4
1,292.1
1,292.7
1,293.4
1,294.0
1,294.7
1,295.3
1,295.9
1,296.6
1,297.2
1,297.9
1,298.5
1,299.2
1,299.8
1,300.4
1,301.1
1,301.7
1,302.3
1,303.0
1,303.6
1,304.2
1,304.9
1,305.5
1,306.1
1,306.8
1,307.4
1,308.0
1,308.7
1,309.3
1,309.9
1,310.5
1,311.2
1,311.8
1,312.4
1,313.0
1,313.7
1,314.3
1,314.9
1,315.5
1,316.1
1,316.8
1,317.4
1,318.0

1.5224
1.5230
1.5237
1.5243
1.5249
1.5256
1.5262
1.5268
1.5274
1.5281
1.5287
1.5293
1.5299
1.5305
1.5312
1.5318
1.5324
1.5330
1.5336
1.5342
1.5348
1.5354
1.5360
1.5366
1.5372
1.5378
1.5384
1.5390
1.5396
1.5402
1.5408
1.5414
1.5420
1.5426
1.5432
1.5438
1.5443
1.5449
1.5455
1.5461
1.5467
1.5472
1.5478
1.5484
1.5490
1.5495
1.5501
1.5507
1.5513
1.5518
1.5524
1.5530
1.5535
1.5541
1.5546
1.5552
1.5558
1.5563

0.45669
0.45615
0.45561
0.45508
0.45455
0.45403
0.45352
0.45301
0.45251
0.45202
0.45153
0.45105
0.45057
0.45010
0.44963
0.44917
0.44872
0.44827
0.44783
0.44739
0.44695
0.44652
0.44610
0.44568
0.44527
0.44486
0.44445
0.44405
0.44366
0.44327
0.44288
0.44250
0.44212
0.44175
0.44138
0.44102
0.44066
0.44030
0.43995
0.43960
0.43926
0.43892
0.43858
0.43825
0.43792
0.43760
0.43728
0.43696
0.43665
0.43634
0.43603
0.43573
0.43543
0.43514
0.43484
0.43455
0.43427
0.43399

0.66960
0.66834
0.66710
0.66588
0.66467
0.66347
0.66229
0.66112
0.65996
0.65882
0.65769
0.65657
0.65547
0.65438
0.65330
0.65223
0.65117
0.65013
0.64910
0.64808
0.64707
0.64607
0.64508
0.64410
0.64314
0.64218
0.64124
0.64030
0.63937
0.63846
0.63755
0.63666
0.63577
0.63489
0.63403
0.63317
0.63232
0.63148
0.63065
0.62982
0.62901
0.62820
0.62741
0.62662
0.62584
0.62506
0.62430
0.62354
0.62279
0.62205
0.62131
0.62059
0.61987
0.61916
0.61845
0.61775
0.61706
0.61638

1,819.4
1,820.8
1,822.2
1,823.6
1,825.0
1,826.4
1,827.8
1,829.1
1,830.5
1,831.9
1,833.3
1,834.6
1,836.0
1,837.3
1,838.7
1,840.0
1,841.4
1,842.7
1,844.0
1,845.4
1,846.7
1,848.0
1,849.3
1,850.6
1,852.0
1,853.3
1,854.6
1,855.9
1,857.2
1,858.5
1,859.8
1,861.1
1,862.4
1,863.6
1,864.9
1,866.2
1,867.5
1,868.7
1,870.0
1,871.3
1,872.5
1,873.8
1,875.1
1,876.3
1,877.6
1,878.8
1,880.1
1,881.3
1,882.5
1,883.8
1,885.0
1,886.2
1,887.5
1,888.7
1,889.9
1,891.1
1,892.4
1,893.6

0.14312
0.14269
0.14227
0.14185
0.14143
0.14101
0.14060
0.14018
0.13977
0.13936
0.13895
0.13854
0.13814
0.13773
0.13733
0.13693
0.13653
0.13613
0.13573
0.13534
0.13495
0.13455
0.13416
0.13378
0.13339
0.13300
0.13262
0.13224
0.13185
0.13147
0.13110
0.13072
0.13034
0.12997
0.12960
0.12923
0.12886
0.12849
0.12812
0.12776
0.12740
0.12703
0.12667
0.12631
0.12596
0.12560
0.12525
0.12489
0.12454
0.12419
0.12384
0.12349
0.12314
0.12280
0.12246
0.12211
0.12177
0.12143

0.02027
0.02030
0.02033
0.02035
0.02038
0.02040
0.02043
0.02045
0.02048
0.02051
0.02053
0.02056
0.02058
0.02061
0.02063
0.02066
0.02069
0.02071
0.02074
0.02076
0.02079
0.02081
0.02084
0.02086
0.02089
0.02092
0.02094
0.02097
0.02099
0.02102
0.02104
0.02107
0.02109
0.02112
0.02114
0.02117
0.02119
0.02122
0.02125
0.02127
0.02130
0.02132
0.02135
0.02137
0.02140
0.02142
0.02145
0.02147
0.02150
0.02152
0.02155
0.02157
0.02160
0.02162
0.02165
0.02167
0.02170
0.02173

646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680

614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7

1.021
1.019
1.018
1.017
1.016
1.014
1.013
1.012
1.010
1.009
1.008
1.007
1.005
1.004
1.003
1.002
1.000
0.999
0.998
0.997
0.996
0.994
0.993
0.992
0.991
0.990
0.988
0.987
0.986
0.985
0.984
0.982
0.981
0.980
0.979

0.9798
0.9810
0.9823
0.9835
0.9848
0.9860
0.9872
0.9885
0.9897
0.9910
0.9922
0.9934
0.9947
0.9959
0.9971
0.9984
0.9996
1.0008
1.0021
1.0033
1.0045
1.0057
1.0070
1.0082
1.0094
1.0106
1.0118
1.0130
1.0143
1.0155
1.0167
1.0179
1.0191
1.0203
1.0215

1,207.1
1,207.6
1,208.0
1,208.5
1,209.0
1,209.4
1,209.9
1,210.4
1,210.9
1,211.3
1,211.8
1,212.3
1,212.7
1,213.2
1,213.7
1,214.1
1,214.6
1,215.1
1,215.5
1,216.0
1,216.5
1,216.9
1,217.4
1,217.8
1,218.3
1,218.8
1,219.2
1,219.7
1,220.2
1,220.6
1,221.1
1,221.5
1,222.0
1,222.5
1,222.9

1,318.6
1,319.2
1,319.8
1,320.4
1,321.1
1,321.7
1,322.3
1,322.9
1,323.5
1,324.1
1,324.7
1,325.3
1,325.9
1,326.6
1,327.2
1,327.8
1,328.4
1,329.0
1,329.6
1,330.2
1,330.8
1,331.4
1,332.0
1,332.6
1,333.2
1,333.8
1,334.4
1,335.0
1,335.6
1,336.2
1,336.8
1,337.4
1,338.0
1,338.6
1,339.2

1.5569
1.5574
1.5580
1.5585
1.5591
1.5596
1.5602
1.5607
1.5613
1.5618
1.5624
1.5629
1.5635
1.5640
1.5646
1.5651
1.5656
1.5662
1.5667
1.5673
1.5678
1.5683
1.5689
1.5694
1.5699
1.5705
1.5710
1.5715
1.5721
1.5726
1.5731
1.5736
1.5742
1.5747
1.5752

0.43371
0.43343
0.43316
0.43289
0.43262
0.43236
0.43210
0.43184
0.43159
0.43133
0.43108
0.43084
0.43060
0.43036
0.43012
0.42988
0.42965
0.42942
0.42920
0.42897
0.42875
0.42853
0.42831
0.42810
0.42789
0.42768
0.42747
0.42727
0.42707
0.42687
0.42667
0.42648
0.42629
0.42610
0.42591

0.61570
0.61503
0.61437
0.61371
0.61306
0.61242
0.61178
0.61115
0.61052
0.60990
0.60929
0.60868
0.60808
0.60749
0.60690
0.60631
0.60573
0.60516
0.60460
0.60403
0.60348
0.60293
0.60238
0.60184
0.60131
0.60078
0.60025
0.59973
0.59922
0.59871
0.59820
0.59770
0.59721
0.59672
0.59623

Auxiliary Data
( All data downloaded from NIST website: http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/fluid/ )

Reference States
Internal energy
Entropy

U=
S=

0.0
0.0

at 273.16 K for saturated liquid.


at 273.16 K for saturated liquid.

Additional fluid data


Critical temperature (Tc)
Critical pressure (Pc)
Critical density (Dc)
Acentric factor
Normal boiling point
Dipole moment

705.10
3200.1
20.102
0.3443
211.95
1.855

F
psia
lbm/ft3

F
Debye

1,894.8
1,896.0
1,897.2
1,898.4
1,899.6
1,900.8
1,902.0
1,903.2
1,904.4
1,905.6
1,906.8
1,908.0
1,909.2
1,910.3
1,911.5
1,912.7
1,913.9
1,915.0
1,916.2
1,917.4
1,918.6
1,919.7
1,920.9
1,922.0
1,923.2
1,924.3
1,925.5
1,926.7
1,927.8
1,928.9
1,930.1
1,931.2
1,932.4
1,933.5
1,934.6

0.12109
0.12076
0.12042
0.12009
0.11975
0.11942
0.11909
0.11876
0.11843
0.11811
0.11778
0.11746
0.11713
0.11681
0.11649
0.11617
0.11585
0.11554
0.11522
0.11491
0.11459
0.11428
0.11397
0.11366
0.11335
0.11305
0.11274
0.11244
0.11213
0.11183
0.11153
0.11123
0.11093
0.11063
0.11034

0.02175
0.02178
0.02180
0.02183
0.02185
0.02188
0.02190
0.02193
0.02195
0.02198
0.02200
0.02203
0.02205
0.02208
0.02210
0.02213
0.02215
0.02218
0.02220
0.02223
0.02225
0.02228
0.02230
0.02233
0.02235
0.02238
0.02240
0.02243
0.02245
0.02248
0.02250
0.02253
0.02255
0.02258
0.02260

7.00

4.57

Therm.
Cond.
(W/m*K)

Phase

0.62287
0.62220
0.62153
0.62085
0.62017
0.61949
0.61880
0.61810
0.61740
0.61680
0.05229
0.05228
0.05224
0.05219
0.05215
0.05211
0.05208
0.05204
0.05201
0.05197
0.05194
0.05191
0.05188
0.05185
0.05182
0.05179
0.05177
0.05174
0.05172
0.05170
0.05168
0.05166
0.05164
0.05162
0.05160
0.05158
0.05157
0.05155
0.05154
0.05152
0.05151
0.05150
0.05149
0.05148
0.05147
0.05146
0.05145
0.05145
0.05144
0.05143
0.05143
0.05143

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

4.57

0.05142
0.05142
0.05142
0.05142
0.05141
0.05141
0.05142
0.05142
0.05142
0.05142
0.05142
0.05143
0.05143
0.05143
0.05144
0.05145
0.05145
0.05146
0.05147
0.05147
0.05148
0.05149
0.05150
0.05151
0.05152
0.05153
0.05154
0.05156
0.05157
0.05158
0.05159
0.05161
0.05162
0.05164
0.05165
0.05167
0.05168
0.05170
0.05172
0.05173
0.05175
0.05177
0.05179
0.05181
0.05183
0.05185
0.05187
0.05189
0.05191
0.05193
0.05195
0.05197
0.05199
0.05202
0.05204
0.05206
0.05209
0.05211

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.05214
0.05216
0.05218
0.05221
0.05224
0.05226
0.05229
0.05232
0.05234
0.05237
0.05240
0.05243
0.05245
0.05248
0.05251
0.05254
0.05257
0.05260
0.05263
0.05266
0.05269
0.05272
0.05275
0.05278
0.05282
0.05285
0.05288
0.05291
0.05294
0.05298
0.05301
0.05304
0.05308
0.05311
0.05315
0.05318
0.05322
0.05325
0.05329
0.05332
0.05336
0.05339
0.05343
0.05347
0.05350
0.05354
0.05358
0.05361
0.05365
0.05369
0.05373
0.05376
0.05380
0.05384
0.05388
0.05392
0.05396
0.05400

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.05404
0.05408
0.05412
0.05416
0.05420
0.05424
0.05428
0.05432
0.05436
0.05440
0.05444
0.05449
0.05453
0.05457
0.05461
0.05465
0.05470
0.05474
0.05478
0.05483
0.05487
0.05491
0.05496
0.05500
0.05504
0.05509
0.05513
0.05518
0.05522
0.05527
0.05531
0.05536
0.05540
0.05545
0.05549

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

Super Heated Steam Data


Isobaric Data for P = 614.70 psia
Temperatur Pressure Density
(psia)
(lbm/ft3)
e oF

681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726

614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7

0.9778
0.9766
0.9755
0.9743
0.9732
0.9721
0.9709
0.9698
0.9687
0.9675
0.9664
0.9653
0.9642
0.9631
0.9620
0.9609
0.9598
0.9587
0.9576
0.9565
0.9554
0.9543
0.9533
0.9522
0.9511
0.9500
0.9490
0.9479
0.9469
0.9458
0.9447
0.9437
0.9426
0.9416
0.9406
0.9395
0.9385
0.9375
0.9364
0.9354
0.9344
0.9334
0.9324
0.9313
0.9303
0.9293

Volume
(ft3/lbm)

1.0227
1.0239
1.0251
1.0264
1.0276
1.0288
1.0300
1.0312
1.0324
1.0336
1.0348
1.0359
1.0371
1.0383
1.0395
1.0407
1.0419
1.0431
1.0443
1.0455
1.0467
1.0479
1.0490
1.0502
1.0514
1.0526
1.0538
1.0550
1.0561
1.0573
1.0585
1.0597
1.0608
1.0620
1.0632
1.0644
1.0655
1.0667
1.0679
1.0691
1.0702
1.0714
1.0726
1.0737
1.0749
1.0761

Internal
Energy
(Btu/lbm)

Enthalpy
Entropy
Cv
Cp
Sound
(Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd. (ft/s)

JouleThomson
(F/psia)

1,223.4
1,223.8
1,224.3
1,224.7
1,225.2
1,225.7
1,226.1
1,226.6
1,227.0
1,227.5
1,227.9
1,228.4
1,228.8
1,229.3
1,229.8
1,230.2
1,230.7
1,231.1
1,231.6
1,232.0
1,232.5
1,232.9
1,233.4
1,233.8
1,234.3
1,234.7
1,235.2
1,235.6
1,236.1
1,236.5
1,237.0
1,237.4
1,237.9
1,238.3
1,238.8
1,239.2
1,239.7
1,240.1
1,240.6
1,241.0
1,241.5
1,241.9
1,242.3
1,242.8
1,243.2
1,243.7

1,339.8
1,340.4
1,341.0
1,341.6
1,342.2
1,342.8
1,343.3
1,343.9
1,344.5
1,345.1
1,345.7
1,346.3
1,346.9
1,347.5
1,348.1
1,348.7
1,349.3
1,349.8
1,350.4
1,351.0
1,351.6
1,352.2
1,352.8
1,353.4
1,354.0
1,354.5
1,355.1
1,355.7
1,356.3
1,356.9
1,357.5
1,358.0
1,358.6
1,359.2
1,359.8
1,360.4
1,361.0
1,361.5
1,362.1
1,362.7
1,363.3
1,363.9
1,364.4
1,365.0
1,365.6
1,366.2

0.11004
0.10975
0.10946
0.10916
0.10887
0.10858
0.10829
0.10801
0.10772
0.10743
0.10715
0.10687
0.10659
0.10630
0.10602
0.10575
0.10547
0.10519
0.10492
0.10464
0.10437
0.10409
0.10382
0.10355
0.10328
0.10301
0.10275
0.10248
0.10222
0.10195
0.10169
0.10142
0.10116
0.10090
0.10064
0.10038
0.10013
0.09987
0.09961
0.09936
0.09911
0.09885
0.09860
0.09835
0.09810
0.09785

1.5757
1.5763
1.5768
1.5773
1.5778
1.5783
1.5789
1.5794
1.5799
1.5804
1.5809
1.5814
1.5819
1.5825
1.5830
1.5835
1.5840
1.5845
1.5850
1.5855
1.5860
1.5865
1.5870
1.5875
1.5880
1.5885
1.5890
1.5895
1.5900
1.5905
1.5910
1.5915
1.5920
1.5925
1.5930
1.5935
1.5940
1.5945
1.5950
1.5955
1.5960
1.5965
1.5970
1.5975
1.5979
1.5984

0.42572
0.42554
0.42536
0.42518
0.42500
0.42483
0.42465
0.42448
0.42431
0.42415
0.42398
0.42382
0.42366
0.42350
0.42334
0.42319
0.42303
0.42288
0.42273
0.42259
0.42244
0.42230
0.42215
0.42201
0.42187
0.42174
0.42160
0.42147
0.42134
0.42121
0.42108
0.42095
0.42083
0.42070
0.42058
0.42046
0.42034
0.42022
0.42011
0.41999
0.41988
0.41977
0.41966
0.41955
0.41944
0.41933

0.59575
0.59527
0.59480
0.59433
0.59387
0.59341
0.59295
0.59250
0.59206
0.59161
0.59118
0.59074
0.59031
0.58989
0.58946
0.58904
0.58863
0.58822
0.58781
0.58741
0.58701
0.58661
0.58622
0.58583
0.58545
0.58507
0.58469
0.58432
0.58394
0.58358
0.58321
0.58285
0.58249
0.58214
0.58179
0.58144
0.58109
0.58075
0.58041
0.58008
0.57975
0.57942
0.57909
0.57877
0.57845
0.57813

1,935.8
1,936.9
1,938.0
1,939.2
1,940.3
1,941.4
1,942.5
1,943.7
1,944.8
1,945.9
1,947.0
1,948.1
1,949.2
1,950.3
1,951.5
1,952.6
1,953.7
1,954.8
1,955.9
1,957.0
1,958.1
1,959.2
1,960.2
1,961.3
1,962.4
1,963.5
1,964.6
1,965.7
1,966.8
1,967.8
1,968.9
1,970.0
1,971.1
1,972.2
1,973.2
1,974.3
1,975.4
1,976.4
1,977.5
1,978.6
1,979.6
1,980.7
1,981.8
1,982.8
1,983.9
1,984.9

727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778

614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7

0.9283
0.9273
0.9263
0.9253
0.9243
0.9233
0.9223
0.9214
0.9204
0.9194
0.9184
0.9174
0.9165
0.9155
0.9145
0.9136
0.9126
0.9117
0.9107
0.9097
0.9088
0.9078
0.9069
0.9060
0.9050
0.9041
0.9031
0.9022
0.9013
0.9004
0.8994
0.8985
0.8976
0.8967
0.8957
0.8948
0.8939
0.8930
0.8921
0.8912
0.8903
0.8894
0.8885
0.8876
0.8867
0.8858
0.8849
0.8841
0.8832
0.8823
0.8814
0.8805

1.0772
1.0784
1.0796
1.0807
1.0819
1.0830
1.0842
1.0854
1.0865
1.0877
1.0888
1.0900
1.0911
1.0923
1.0935
1.0946
1.0958
1.0969
1.0981
1.0992
1.1004
1.1015
1.1027
1.1038
1.1050
1.1061
1.1072
1.1084
1.1095
1.1107
1.1118
1.1130
1.1141
1.1153
1.1164
1.1175
1.1187
1.1198
1.1209
1.1221
1.1232
1.1244
1.1255
1.1266
1.1278
1.1289
1.1300
1.1312
1.1323
1.1334
1.1346
1.1357

1,244.1
1,244.6
1,245.0
1,245.5
1,245.9
1,246.4
1,246.8
1,247.2
1,247.7
1,248.1
1,248.6
1,249.0
1,249.5
1,249.9
1,250.3
1,250.8
1,251.2
1,251.7
1,252.1
1,252.6
1,253.0
1,253.4
1,253.9
1,254.3
1,254.8
1,255.2
1,255.6
1,256.1
1,256.5
1,257.0
1,257.4
1,257.8
1,258.3
1,258.7
1,259.2
1,259.6
1,260.0
1,260.5
1,260.9
1,261.3
1,261.8
1,262.2
1,262.7
1,263.1
1,263.5
1,264.0
1,264.4
1,264.8
1,265.3
1,265.7
1,266.2
1,266.6

1,366.7
1,367.3
1,367.9
1,368.5
1,369.1
1,369.6
1,370.2
1,370.8
1,371.4
1,371.9
1,372.5
1,373.1
1,373.7
1,374.2
1,374.8
1,375.4
1,376.0
1,376.5
1,377.1
1,377.7
1,378.2
1,378.8
1,379.4
1,380.0
1,380.5
1,381.1
1,381.7
1,382.2
1,382.8
1,383.4
1,384.0
1,384.5
1,385.1
1,385.7
1,386.2
1,386.8
1,387.4
1,387.9
1,388.5
1,389.1
1,389.6
1,390.2
1,390.8
1,391.3
1,391.9
1,392.5
1,393.0
1,393.6
1,394.2
1,394.7
1,395.3
1,395.9

1.5989
1.5994
1.5999
1.6004
1.6009
1.6013
1.6018
1.6023
1.6028
1.6033
1.6038
1.6042
1.6047
1.6052
1.6057
1.6061
1.6066
1.6071
1.6076
1.6080
1.6085
1.6090
1.6095
1.6099
1.6104
1.6109
1.6114
1.6118
1.6123
1.6128
1.6132
1.6137
1.6142
1.6146
1.6151
1.6156
1.6160
1.6165
1.6170
1.6174
1.6179
1.6183
1.6188
1.6193
1.6197
1.6202
1.6207
1.6211
1.6216
1.6220
1.6225
1.6229

0.41923
0.41913
0.41903
0.41892
0.41883
0.41873
0.41863
0.41854
0.41844
0.41835
0.41826
0.41817
0.41808
0.41799
0.41791
0.41782
0.41774
0.41766
0.41758
0.41750
0.41742
0.41734
0.41726
0.41719
0.41711
0.41704
0.41697
0.41690
0.41683
0.41676
0.41669
0.41662
0.41656
0.41649
0.41643
0.41637
0.41631
0.41625
0.41619
0.41613
0.41607
0.41601
0.41596
0.41590
0.41585
0.41580
0.41575
0.41570
0.41565
0.41560
0.41555
0.41550

0.57781
0.57750
0.57719
0.57689
0.57658
0.57628
0.57598
0.57569
0.57539
0.57510
0.57482
0.57453
0.57425
0.57397
0.57369
0.57342
0.57314
0.57287
0.57261
0.57234
0.57208
0.57182
0.57156
0.57130
0.57105
0.57080
0.57055
0.57030
0.57006
0.56982
0.56958
0.56934
0.56910
0.56887
0.56864
0.56841
0.56818
0.56795
0.56773
0.56751
0.56729
0.56707
0.56686
0.56664
0.56643
0.56622
0.56601
0.56581
0.56560
0.56540
0.56520
0.56500

1,986.0
1,987.0
1,988.1
1,989.1
1,990.2
1,991.2
1,992.3
1,993.3
1,994.3
1,995.4
1,996.4
1,997.5
1,998.5
1,999.5
2,000.6
2,001.6
2,002.6
2,003.7
2,004.7
2,005.7
2,006.7
2,007.8
2,008.8
2,009.8
2,010.8
2,011.8
2,012.9
2,013.9
2,014.9
2,015.9
2,016.9
2,017.9
2,018.9
2,019.9
2,020.9
2,021.9
2,023.0
2,024.0
2,025.0
2,026.0
2,027.0
2,027.9
2,028.9
2,029.9
2,030.9
2,031.9
2,032.9
2,033.9
2,034.9
2,035.9
2,036.9
2,037.9

0.09760
0.09736
0.09711
0.09686
0.09662
0.09637
0.09613
0.09589
0.09565
0.09541
0.09517
0.09493
0.09469
0.09446
0.09422
0.09399
0.09375
0.09352
0.09329
0.09305
0.09282
0.09259
0.09236
0.09214
0.09191
0.09168
0.09146
0.09123
0.09101
0.09078
0.09056
0.09034
0.09012
0.08990
0.08968
0.08946
0.08924
0.08902
0.08881
0.08859
0.08838
0.08816
0.08795
0.08774
0.08752
0.08731
0.08710
0.08689
0.08668
0.08648
0.08627
0.08606

779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830

614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7

0.8797
0.8788
0.8779
0.8770
0.8762
0.8753
0.8745
0.8736
0.8727
0.8719
0.8710
0.8702
0.8693
0.8685
0.8676
0.8668
0.8659
0.8651
0.8643
0.8634
0.8626
0.8618
0.8609
0.8601
0.8593
0.8585
0.8576
0.8568
0.8560
0.8552
0.8544
0.8536
0.8528
0.8520
0.8511
0.8503
0.8495
0.8487
0.8479
0.8471
0.8464
0.8456
0.8448
0.8440
0.8432
0.8424
0.8416
0.8408
0.8401
0.8393
0.8385
0.8377

1.1368
1.1379
1.1391
1.1402
1.1413
1.1425
1.1436
1.1447
1.1458
1.1470
1.1481
1.1492
1.1503
1.1514
1.1526
1.1537
1.1548
1.1559
1.1570
1.1582
1.1593
1.1604
1.1615
1.1626
1.1638
1.1649
1.1660
1.1671
1.1682
1.1693
1.1704
1.1716
1.1727
1.1738
1.1749
1.1760
1.1771
1.1782
1.1793
1.1804
1.1815
1.1827
1.1838
1.1849
1.1860
1.1871
1.1882
1.1893
1.1904
1.1915
1.1926
1.1937

1,267.0
1,267.5
1,267.9
1,268.3
1,268.8
1,269.2
1,269.6
1,270.1
1,270.5
1,271.0
1,271.4
1,271.8
1,272.3
1,272.7
1,273.1
1,273.6
1,274.0
1,274.4
1,274.9
1,275.3
1,275.7
1,276.2
1,276.6
1,277.0
1,277.5
1,277.9
1,278.3
1,278.8
1,279.2
1,279.6
1,280.1
1,280.5
1,280.9
1,281.4
1,281.8
1,282.2
1,282.7
1,283.1
1,283.5
1,284.0
1,284.4
1,284.8
1,285.3
1,285.7
1,286.1
1,286.5
1,287.0
1,287.4
1,287.8
1,288.3
1,288.7
1,289.1

1,396.4
1,397.0
1,397.6
1,398.1
1,398.7
1,399.3
1,399.8
1,400.4
1,400.9
1,401.5
1,402.1
1,402.6
1,403.2
1,403.8
1,404.3
1,404.9
1,405.4
1,406.0
1,406.6
1,407.1
1,407.7
1,408.2
1,408.8
1,409.4
1,409.9
1,410.5
1,411.1
1,411.6
1,412.2
1,412.7
1,413.3
1,413.9
1,414.4
1,415.0
1,415.5
1,416.1
1,416.6
1,417.2
1,417.8
1,418.3
1,418.9
1,419.4
1,420.0
1,420.6
1,421.1
1,421.7
1,422.2
1,422.8
1,423.3
1,423.9
1,424.5
1,425.0

1.6234
1.6239
1.6243
1.6248
1.6252
1.6257
1.6261
1.6266
1.6270
1.6275
1.6279
1.6284
1.6288
1.6293
1.6297
1.6302
1.6306
1.6311
1.6315
1.6320
1.6324
1.6329
1.6333
1.6337
1.6342
1.6346
1.6351
1.6355
1.6360
1.6364
1.6368
1.6373
1.6377
1.6382
1.6386
1.6390
1.6395
1.6399
1.6404
1.6408
1.6412
1.6417
1.6421
1.6425
1.6430
1.6434
1.6438
1.6443
1.6447
1.6451
1.6456
1.6460

0.41546
0.41541
0.41537
0.41532
0.41528
0.41524
0.41520
0.41516
0.41512
0.41508
0.41504
0.41500
0.41497
0.41493
0.41490
0.41486
0.41483
0.41480
0.41477
0.41474
0.41471
0.41468
0.41465
0.41462
0.41459
0.41457
0.41454
0.41452
0.41449
0.41447
0.41445
0.41443
0.41441
0.41438
0.41436
0.41435
0.41433
0.41431
0.41429
0.41428
0.41426
0.41424
0.41423
0.41422
0.41420
0.41419
0.41418
0.41417
0.41415
0.41414
0.41413
0.41413

0.56481
0.56461
0.56442
0.56423
0.56404
0.56385
0.56366
0.56348
0.56329
0.56311
0.56293
0.56276
0.56258
0.56241
0.56223
0.56206
0.56189
0.56172
0.56156
0.56139
0.56123
0.56106
0.56090
0.56074
0.56059
0.56043
0.56028
0.56012
0.55997
0.55982
0.55967
0.55952
0.55938
0.55923
0.55909
0.55894
0.55880
0.55866
0.55853
0.55839
0.55825
0.55812
0.55799
0.55785
0.55772
0.55759
0.55747
0.55734
0.55721
0.55709
0.55697
0.55684

2,038.8
2,039.8
2,040.8
2,041.8
2,042.8
2,043.7
2,044.7
2,045.7
2,046.7
2,047.6
2,048.6
2,049.6
2,050.6
2,051.5
2,052.5
2,053.5
2,054.4
2,055.4
2,056.4
2,057.3
2,058.3
2,059.2
2,060.2
2,061.2
2,062.1
2,063.1
2,064.0
2,065.0
2,065.9
2,066.9
2,067.8
2,068.8
2,069.7
2,070.7
2,071.6
2,072.6
2,073.5
2,074.5
2,075.4
2,076.3
2,077.3
2,078.2
2,079.2
2,080.1
2,081.0
2,082.0
2,082.9
2,083.8
2,084.8
2,085.7
2,086.6
2,087.6

0.08586
0.08565
0.08545
0.08524
0.08504
0.08484
0.08463
0.08443
0.08423
0.08403
0.08383
0.08364
0.08344
0.08324
0.08304
0.08285
0.08265
0.08246
0.08227
0.08207
0.08188
0.08169
0.08150
0.08131
0.08112
0.08093
0.08074
0.08055
0.08036
0.08018
0.07999
0.07981
0.07962
0.07944
0.07925
0.07907
0.07889
0.07871
0.07853
0.07835
0.07817
0.07799
0.07781
0.07763
0.07745
0.07728
0.07710
0.07692
0.07675
0.07657
0.07640
0.07623

831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880

614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7
614.7

0.8370
0.8362
0.8354
0.8346
0.8339
0.8331
0.8323
0.8316
0.8308
0.8301
0.8293
0.8286
0.8278
0.8271
0.8263
0.8256
0.8248
0.8241
0.8233
0.8226
0.8218
0.8211
0.8204
0.8196
0.8189
0.8182
0.8174
0.8167
0.8160
0.8153
0.8145
0.8138
0.8131
0.8124
0.8116
0.8109
0.8102
0.8095
0.8088
0.8081
0.8074
0.8067
0.8060
0.8052
0.8045
0.8038
0.8031
0.8024
0.8017
0.8011

1.1948
1.1959
1.1970
1.1981
1.1992
1.2003
1.2014
1.2025
1.2036
1.2047
1.2058
1.2069
1.2080
1.2091
1.2102
1.2113
1.2124
1.2135
1.2146
1.2157
1.2168
1.2179
1.2190
1.2201
1.2212
1.2223
1.2233
1.2244
1.2255
1.2266
1.2277
1.2288
1.2299
1.2310
1.2321
1.2332
1.2343
1.2353
1.2364
1.2375
1.2386
1.2397
1.2408
1.2419
1.2429
1.2440
1.2451
1.2462
1.2473
1.2484

1,289.6
1,290.0
1,290.4
1,290.9
1,291.3
1,291.7
1,292.2
1,292.6
1,293.0
1,293.4
1,293.9
1,294.3
1,294.7
1,295.2
1,295.6
1,296.0
1,296.5
1,296.9
1,297.3
1,297.8
1,298.2
1,298.6
1,299.0
1,299.5
1,299.9
1,300.3
1,300.8
1,301.2
1,301.6
1,302.0
1,302.5
1,302.9
1,303.3
1,303.8
1,304.2
1,304.6
1,305.1
1,305.5
1,305.9
1,306.3
1,306.8
1,307.2
1,307.6
1,308.1
1,308.5
1,308.9
1,309.3
1,309.8
1,310.2
1,310.6

1,425.6
1,426.1
1,426.7
1,427.2
1,427.8
1,428.4
1,428.9
1,429.5
1,430.0
1,430.6
1,431.1
1,431.7
1,432.2
1,432.8
1,433.4
1,433.9
1,434.5
1,435.0
1,435.6
1,436.1
1,436.7
1,437.2
1,437.8
1,438.3
1,438.9
1,439.5
1,440.0
1,440.6
1,441.1
1,441.7
1,442.2
1,442.8
1,443.3
1,443.9
1,444.4
1,445.0
1,445.5
1,446.1
1,446.7
1,447.2
1,447.8
1,448.3
1,448.9
1,449.4
1,450.0
1,450.5
1,451.1
1,451.6
1,452.2
1,452.7

1.6464
1.6469
1.6473
1.6477
1.6482
1.6486
1.6490
1.6495
1.6499
1.6503
1.6507
1.6512
1.6516
1.6520
1.6524
1.6529
1.6533
1.6537
1.6541
1.6546
1.6550
1.6554
1.6558
1.6563
1.6567
1.6571
1.6575
1.6579
1.6584
1.6588
1.6592
1.6596
1.6600
1.6605
1.6609
1.6613
1.6617
1.6621
1.6625
1.6630
1.6634
1.6638
1.6642
1.6646
1.6650
1.6654
1.6659
1.6663
1.6667
1.6671

0.41412
0.41411
0.41410
0.41409
0.41409
0.41408
0.41408
0.41407
0.41407
0.41407
0.41406
0.41406
0.41406
0.41406
0.41406
0.41406
0.41406
0.41406
0.41406
0.41406
0.41406
0.41407
0.41407
0.41407
0.41408
0.41408
0.41409
0.41409
0.41410
0.41411
0.41411
0.41412
0.41413
0.41414
0.41415
0.41416
0.41417
0.41418
0.41419
0.41420
0.41421
0.41423
0.41424
0.41425
0.41426
0.41428
0.41429
0.41431
0.41432
0.41434

0.55672
0.55660
0.55649
0.55637
0.55625
0.55614
0.55602
0.55591
0.55580
0.55569
0.55558
0.55547
0.55537
0.55526
0.55515
0.55505
0.55495
0.55485
0.55475
0.55465
0.55455
0.55445
0.55435
0.55426
0.55416
0.55407
0.55398
0.55388
0.55379
0.55370
0.55362
0.55353
0.55344
0.55335
0.55327
0.55319
0.55310
0.55302
0.55294
0.55286
0.55278
0.55270
0.55262
0.55255
0.55247
0.55239
0.55232
0.55225
0.55217
0.55210

2,088.5
2,089.4
2,090.4
2,091.3
2,092.2
2,093.1
2,094.1
2,095.0
2,095.9
2,096.8
2,097.7
2,098.7
2,099.6
2,100.5
2,101.4
2,102.3
2,103.2
2,104.2
2,105.1
2,106.0
2,106.9
2,107.8
2,108.7
2,109.6
2,110.5
2,111.4
2,112.3
2,113.3
2,114.2
2,115.1
2,116.0
2,116.9
2,117.8
2,118.7
2,119.6
2,120.5
2,121.4
2,122.3
2,123.2
2,124.0
2,124.9
2,125.8
2,126.7
2,127.6
2,128.5
2,129.4
2,130.3
2,131.2
2,132.1
2,133.0

0.07605
0.07588
0.07571
0.07554
0.07537
0.07520
0.07503
0.07486
0.07469
0.07452
0.07435
0.07419
0.07402
0.07386
0.07369
0.07353
0.07336
0.07320
0.07304
0.07287
0.07271
0.07255
0.07239
0.07223
0.07207
0.07191
0.07175
0.07159
0.07143
0.07128
0.07112
0.07096
0.07081
0.07065
0.07049
0.07034
0.07019
0.07003
0.06988
0.06973
0.06957
0.06942
0.06927
0.06912
0.06897
0.06882
0.06867
0.06852
0.06837
0.06823

Auxiliary Data
( All data downloaded from NIST website: http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/fluid/ )

Reference States
Internal energy
Entropy

U=
S=

0.0
0.0

at 273.16 K for saturated liquid.


at 273.16 K for saturated liquid.

Additional fluid data


Critical temperature (Tc)
Critical pressure (Pc)
Critical density (Dc)
Acentric factor
Normal boiling point
Dipole moment

705.10
3200.1
20.102
0.3443
211.95
1.855

F
psia
lbm/ft3

F
Debye

Viscosity
(cP)

Therm.
Cond.
(W/m*K)

Phase

0.02263
0.02265
0.02268
0.02270
0.02272
0.02275
0.02277
0.02280
0.02282
0.02285
0.02287
0.02290
0.02292
0.02295
0.02297
0.02300
0.02302
0.02305
0.02307
0.02310
0.02312
0.02315
0.02317
0.02319
0.02322
0.02324
0.02327
0.02329
0.02332
0.02334
0.02337
0.02339
0.02342
0.02344
0.02347
0.02349
0.02352
0.02354
0.02356
0.02359
0.02361
0.02364
0.02366
0.02369
0.02371
0.02374

0.05554
0.05559
0.05563
0.05568
0.05572
0.05577
0.05582
0.05586
0.05591
0.05596
0.05601
0.05605
0.0561
0.05615
0.0562
0.05624
0.05629
0.05634
0.05639
0.05644
0.05648
0.05653
0.05658
0.05663
0.05668
0.05673
0.05678
0.05683
0.05688
0.05693
0.05698
0.05703
0.05708
0.05713
0.05718
0.05723
0.05728
0.05733
0.05738
0.05743
0.05748
0.05753
0.05759
0.05764
0.05769
0.05774

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.02376
0.02379
0.02381
0.02383
0.02386
0.02388
0.02391
0.02393
0.02396
0.02398
0.02401
0.02403
0.02405
0.02408
0.02410
0.02413
0.02415
0.02418
0.02420
0.02423
0.02425
0.02427
0.02430
0.02432
0.02435
0.02437
0.02440
0.02442
0.02444
0.02447
0.02449
0.02452
0.02454
0.02457
0.02459
0.02461
0.02464
0.02466
0.02469
0.02471
0.02474
0.02476
0.02478
0.02481
0.02483
0.02486
0.02488
0.02491
0.02493
0.02495
0.02498
0.02500

0.05779
0.05784
0.0579
0.05795
0.058
0.05805
0.05811
0.05816
0.05821
0.05826
0.05832
0.05837
0.05842
0.05848
0.05853
0.05858
0.05864
0.05869
0.05874
0.0588
0.05885
0.0589
0.05896
0.05901
0.05907
0.05912
0.05918
0.05923
0.05929
0.05934
0.05939
0.05945
0.0595
0.05956
0.05962
0.05967
0.05973
0.05978
0.05984
0.05989
0.05995
0.06
0.06006
0.06012
0.06017
0.06023
0.06028
0.06034
0.0604
0.06045
0.06051
0.06057

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.02503
0.02505
0.02507
0.02510
0.02512
0.02515
0.02517
0.02520
0.02522
0.02524
0.02527
0.02529
0.02532
0.02534
0.02536
0.02539
0.02541
0.02544
0.02546
0.02548
0.02551
0.02553
0.02556
0.02558
0.02560
0.02563
0.02565
0.02568
0.02570
0.02572
0.02575
0.02577
0.02580
0.02582
0.02584
0.02587
0.02589
0.02592
0.02594
0.02596
0.02599
0.02601
0.02604
0.02606
0.02608
0.02611
0.02613
0.02616
0.02618
0.02620
0.02623
0.02625

0.06062
0.06068
0.06074
0.06079
0.06085
0.06091
0.06097
0.06102
0.06108
0.06114
0.0612
0.06125
0.06131
0.06137
0.06143
0.06149
0.06154
0.0616
0.06166
0.06172
0.06178
0.06184
0.06189
0.06195
0.06201
0.06207
0.06213
0.06219
0.06225
0.06231
0.06236
0.06242
0.06248
0.06254
0.0626
0.06266
0.06272
0.06278
0.06284
0.0629
0.06296
0.06302
0.06308
0.06314
0.0632
0.06326
0.06332
0.06338
0.06344
0.0635
0.06356
0.06362

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.02627
0.02630
0.02632
0.02635
0.02637
0.02639
0.02642
0.02644
0.02647
0.02649
0.02651
0.02654
0.02656
0.02658
0.02661
0.02663
0.02666
0.02668
0.02670
0.02673
0.02675
0.02677
0.02680
0.02682
0.02685
0.02687
0.02689
0.02692
0.02694
0.02696
0.02699
0.02701
0.02704
0.02706
0.02708
0.02711
0.02713
0.02715
0.02718
0.02720
0.02723
0.02725
0.02727
0.02730
0.02732
0.02734
0.02737
0.02739
0.02741
0.02744

0.06368
0.06374
0.0638
0.06386
0.06393
0.06399
0.06405
0.06411
0.06417
0.06423
0.06429
0.06435
0.06441
0.06448
0.06454
0.0646
0.06466
0.06472
0.06478
0.06485
0.06491
0.06497
0.06503
0.06509
0.06516
0.06522
0.06528
0.06534
0.06541
0.06547
0.06553
0.06559
0.06566
0.06572
0.06578
0.06584
0.06591
0.06597
0.06603
0.06609
0.06616
0.06622
0.06628
0.06635
0.06641
0.06647
0.06654
0.0666
0.06666
0.06673

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

Super Heated Steam Data


Isobaric Data for P = 36.500 psia
Temperatur Pressure Density
(psia)
(lbm/ft3)
e oF

250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
261.73
261.73
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293

36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5

58.822
58.793
58.765
58.737
58.708
58.679
58.651
58.622
58.593
58.564
58.535
58.506
58.485
0.0874
0.0874
0.0872
0.0871
0.0870
0.0868
0.0867
0.0865
0.0864
0.0863
0.0861
0.0860
0.0859
0.0857
0.0856
0.0855
0.0853
0.0852
0.0851
0.0850
0.0848
0.0847
0.0846
0.0844
0.0843
0.0842
0.0841
0.0839
0.0838
0.0837
0.0836
0.0834
0.0833

Volume
(ft3/lbm)

Internal
Energy
(Btu/lbm)

Enthalpy
Entropy
Cv
Cp
Sound
(Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd. (ft/s)

JouleThomson
(F/psia)

0.0170
0.0170
0.0170
0.0170
0.0170
0.0170
0.0171
0.0171
0.0171
0.0171
0.0171
0.0171
0.0171
11.4410
11.4460
11.4640
11.4820
11.5000
11.5180
11.5370
11.5550
11.5730
11.5910
11.6090
11.6270
11.6450
11.6630
11.6810
11.6990
11.7170
11.7350
11.7530
11.7710
11.7890
11.8070
11.8250
11.8420
11.8600
11.8780
11.8960
11.9140
11.9320
11.9490
11.9670
11.9850
12.0030

218.68
219.69
220.70
221.72
222.74
223.75
224.77
225.78
226.80
227.82
228.83
229.85
230.60
1,091.5
1,091.6
1,092.0
1,092.4
1,092.8
1,093.2
1,093.6
1,094.0
1,094.4
1,094.8
1,095.2
1,095.6
1,096.0
1,096.4
1,096.8
1,097.2
1,097.6
1,098.0
1,098.4
1,098.8
1,099.2
1,099.6
1,100.0
1,100.4
1,100.8
1,101.1
1,101.5
1,101.9
1,102.3
1,102.7
1,103.1
1,103.5
1,103.9

218.79
219.81
220.82
221.84
222.85
223.87
224.88
225.90
226.91
227.93
228.95
229.97
230.71
1,168.8
1,168.9
1,169.5
1,170.0
1,170.5
1,171.1
1,171.6
1,172.1
1,172.6
1,173.2
1,173.7
1,174.2
1,174.7
1,175.2
1,175.8
1,176.3
1,176.8
1,177.3
1,177.8
1,178.3
1,178.9
1,179.4
1,179.9
1,180.4
1,180.9
1,181.4
1,181.9
1,182.5
1,183.0
1,183.5
1,184.0
1,184.5
1,185.0

-0.00205
-0.00204
-0.00204
-0.00203
-0.00203
-0.00202
-0.00202
-0.00201
-0.00201
-0.00200
-0.00200
-0.00199
-0.00199
0.60543
0.60413
0.59937
0.59472
0.59017
0.58572
0.58137
0.57710
0.57292
0.56883
0.56480
0.56085
0.55697
0.55316
0.54941
0.54572
0.54208
0.53851
0.53498
0.53151
0.52809
0.52471
0.52138
0.51809
0.51485
0.51164
0.50848
0.50535
0.50227
0.49921
0.49619
0.49321
0.49026

0.36803
0.36946
0.37089
0.37231
0.37374
0.37516
0.37658
0.37800
0.37941
0.38083
0.38224
0.38366
0.38469
1.6850
1.6852
1.6860
1.6867
1.6874
1.6882
1.6889
1.6896
1.6903
1.6911
1.6918
1.6925
1.6932
1.6939
1.6946
1.6953
1.6960
1.6967
1.6974
1.6981
1.6988
1.6995
1.7002
1.7009
1.7016
1.7023
1.7030
1.7036
1.7043
1.7050
1.7057
1.7064
1.7070

0.87491
0.87425
0.87359
0.87294
0.87228
0.87163
0.87097
0.87032
0.86967
0.86902
0.86837
0.86772
0.86725
0.39354
0.39333
0.39256
0.39182
0.39111
0.39043
0.38977
0.38914
0.38854
0.38796
0.38740
0.38685
0.38633
0.38583
0.38534
0.38486
0.38440
0.38396
0.38353
0.38311
0.38270
0.38231
0.38192
0.38155
0.38119
0.38083
0.38048
0.38015
0.37982
0.37950
0.37918
0.37888
0.37858

1.0146
1.0149
1.0151
1.0153
1.0156
1.0158
1.0160
1.0163
1.0165
1.0168
1.0170
1.0173
1.0174
0.53138
0.53107
0.52995
0.52887
0.52783
0.52683
0.52586
0.52493
0.52403
0.52316
0.52232
0.52151
0.52072
0.51996
0.51922
0.51850
0.51780
0.51712
0.51645
0.51581
0.51518
0.51457
0.51397
0.51338
0.51281
0.51226
0.51171
0.51118
0.51066
0.51015
0.50965
0.50916
0.50868

4,981.6
4,978.9
4,976.2
4,973.4
4,970.6
4,967.8
4,965.0
4,962.1
4,959.2
4,956.3
4,953.3
4,950.4
4,948.2
1,591.2
1,591.6
1,592.9
1,594.3
1,595.6
1,597.0
1,598.3
1,599.7
1,601.0
1,602.3
1,603.6
1,604.9
1,606.2
1,607.5
1,608.8
1,610.1
1,611.4
1,612.7
1,613.9
1,615.2
1,616.5
1,617.7
1,619.0
1,620.2
1,621.5
1,622.7
1,624.0
1,625.2
1,626.4
1,627.7
1,628.9
1,630.1
1,631.3

294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345

36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5

0.0832
0.0831
0.0829
0.0828
0.0827
0.0826
0.0825
0.0823
0.0822
0.0821
0.0820
0.0819
0.0818
0.0816
0.0815
0.0814
0.0813
0.0812
0.0811
0.0809
0.0808
0.0807
0.0806
0.0805
0.0804
0.0803
0.0801
0.0800
0.0799
0.0798
0.0797
0.0796
0.0795
0.0794
0.0793
0.0792
0.0790
0.0789
0.0788
0.0787
0.0786
0.0785
0.0784
0.0783
0.0782
0.0781
0.0780
0.0779
0.0778
0.0777
0.0776
0.0775

12.0200
12.0380
12.0560
12.0730
12.0910
12.1090
12.1260
12.1440
12.1620
12.1790
12.1970
12.2150
12.2320
12.2500
12.2670
12.2850
12.3020
12.3200
12.3380
12.3550
12.3730
12.3900
12.4080
12.4250
12.4430
12.4600
12.4780
12.4950
12.5120
12.5300
12.5470
12.5650
12.5820
12.5990
12.6170
12.6340
12.6520
12.6690
12.6860
12.7040
12.7210
12.7380
12.7560
12.7730
12.7900
12.8080
12.8250
12.8420
12.8600
12.8770
12.8940
12.9110

1,104.3
1,104.7
1,105.0
1,105.4
1,105.8
1,106.2
1,106.6
1,107.0
1,107.4
1,107.7
1,108.1
1,108.5
1,108.9
1,109.3
1,109.7
1,110.1
1,110.4
1,110.8
1,111.2
1,111.6
1,112.0
1,112.4
1,112.7
1,113.1
1,113.5
1,113.9
1,114.3
1,114.6
1,115.0
1,115.4
1,115.8
1,116.2
1,116.5
1,116.9
1,117.3
1,117.7
1,118.1
1,118.4
1,118.8
1,119.2
1,119.6
1,119.9
1,120.3
1,120.7
1,121.1
1,121.4
1,121.8
1,122.2
1,122.6
1,123.0
1,123.3
1,123.7

1,185.5
1,186.0
1,186.5
1,187.0
1,187.5
1,188.0
1,188.6
1,189.1
1,189.6
1,190.1
1,190.6
1,191.1
1,191.6
1,192.1
1,192.6
1,193.1
1,193.6
1,194.1
1,194.6
1,195.1
1,195.6
1,196.1
1,196.6
1,197.1
1,197.6
1,198.1
1,198.6
1,199.1
1,199.6
1,200.1
1,200.6
1,201.1
1,201.6
1,202.1
1,202.6
1,203.1
1,203.6
1,204.1
1,204.6
1,205.0
1,205.5
1,206.0
1,206.5
1,207.0
1,207.5
1,208.0
1,208.5
1,209.0
1,209.5
1,210.0
1,210.5
1,211.0

1.7077
1.7084
1.7091
1.7097
1.7104
1.7111
1.7117
1.7124
1.7131
1.7137
1.7144
1.7150
1.7157
1.7164
1.7170
1.7177
1.7183
1.7190
1.7196
1.7203
1.7209
1.7216
1.7222
1.7229
1.7235
1.7241
1.7248
1.7254
1.7261
1.7267
1.7273
1.7280
1.7286
1.7292
1.7299
1.7305
1.7311
1.7317
1.7324
1.7330
1.7336
1.7342
1.7349
1.7355
1.7361
1.7367
1.7373
1.7380
1.7386
1.7392
1.7398
1.7404

0.37829
0.37800
0.37772
0.37745
0.37718
0.37692
0.37666
0.37641
0.37617
0.37592
0.37569
0.37546
0.37523
0.37501
0.37479
0.37458
0.37437
0.37417
0.37397
0.37377
0.37358
0.37339
0.37320
0.37302
0.37284
0.37267
0.37249
0.37233
0.37216
0.37200
0.37184
0.37169
0.37153
0.37138
0.37124
0.37109
0.37095
0.37081
0.37068
0.37054
0.37041
0.37028
0.37016
0.37004
0.36992
0.36980
0.36968
0.36957
0.36946
0.36935
0.36924
0.36914

0.50821
0.50775
0.50730
0.50685
0.50642
0.50599
0.50558
0.50516
0.50476
0.50437
0.50398
0.50359
0.50322
0.50285
0.50249
0.50213
0.50178
0.50144
0.50110
0.50076
0.50044
0.50011
0.49980
0.49949
0.49918
0.49888
0.49858
0.49829
0.49800
0.49772
0.49744
0.49717
0.49690
0.49663
0.49637
0.49612
0.49586
0.49562
0.49537
0.49513
0.49489
0.49466
0.49443
0.49421
0.49398
0.49376
0.49355
0.49334
0.49313
0.49292
0.49272
0.49252

1,632.6
1,633.8
1,635.0
1,636.2
1,637.4
1,638.6
1,639.8
1,641.0
1,642.2
1,643.4
1,644.6
1,645.8
1,647.0
1,648.2
1,649.4
1,650.6
1,651.7
1,652.9
1,654.1
1,655.3
1,656.5
1,657.6
1,658.8
1,660.0
1,661.1
1,662.3
1,663.4
1,664.6
1,665.8
1,666.9
1,668.1
1,669.2
1,670.4
1,671.5
1,672.7
1,673.8
1,674.9
1,676.1
1,677.2
1,678.4
1,679.5
1,680.6
1,681.8
1,682.9
1,684.0
1,685.2
1,686.3
1,687.4
1,688.5
1,689.6
1,690.8
1,691.9

0.48734
0.48445
0.48159
0.47877
0.47597
0.47320
0.47045
0.46774
0.46505
0.46238
0.45975
0.45713
0.45455
0.45198
0.44944
0.44692
0.44443
0.44196
0.43951
0.43708
0.43467
0.43228
0.42992
0.42757
0.42525
0.42294
0.42066
0.41839
0.41614
0.41391
0.41170
0.40951
0.40734
0.40518
0.40304
0.40092
0.39882
0.39673
0.39466
0.39261
0.39057
0.38855
0.38655
0.38456
0.38259
0.38063
0.37869
0.37676
0.37485
0.37295
0.37107
0.36920

346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397

36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5

0.0773
0.0772
0.0771
0.0770
0.0769
0.0768
0.0767
0.0766
0.0765
0.0764
0.0763
0.0762
0.0761
0.0760
0.0759
0.0758
0.0757
0.0756
0.0755
0.0754
0.0753
0.0752
0.0751
0.0751
0.0750
0.0749
0.0748
0.0747
0.0746
0.0745
0.0744
0.0743
0.0742
0.0741
0.0740
0.0739
0.0738
0.0737
0.0736
0.0735
0.0735
0.0734
0.0733
0.0732
0.0731
0.0730
0.0729
0.0728
0.0727
0.0726
0.0725
0.0725

12.9290
12.9460
12.9630
12.9800
12.9980
13.0150
13.0320
13.0490
13.0670
13.0840
13.1010
13.1180
13.1350
13.1530
13.1700
13.1870
13.2040
13.2210
13.2380
13.2550
13.2730
13.2900
13.3070
13.3240
13.3410
13.3580
13.3750
13.3920
13.4100
13.4270
13.4440
13.4610
13.4780
13.4950
13.5120
13.5290
13.5460
13.5630
13.5800
13.5970
13.6140
13.6310
13.6490
13.6660
13.6830
13.7000
13.7170
13.7340
13.7510
13.7680
13.7850
13.8020

1,124.1
1,124.5
1,124.8
1,125.2
1,125.6
1,126.0
1,126.3
1,126.7
1,127.1
1,127.5
1,127.8
1,128.2
1,128.6
1,129.0
1,129.3
1,129.7
1,130.1
1,130.4
1,130.8
1,131.2
1,131.6
1,131.9
1,132.3
1,132.7
1,133.1
1,133.4
1,133.8
1,134.2
1,134.6
1,134.9
1,135.3
1,135.7
1,136.0
1,136.4
1,136.8
1,137.2
1,137.5
1,137.9
1,138.3
1,138.6
1,139.0
1,139.4
1,139.8
1,140.1
1,140.5
1,140.9
1,141.2
1,141.6
1,142.0
1,142.4
1,142.7
1,143.1

1,211.5
1,212.0
1,212.5
1,212.9
1,213.4
1,213.9
1,214.4
1,214.9
1,215.4
1,215.9
1,216.4
1,216.9
1,217.4
1,217.9
1,218.3
1,218.8
1,219.3
1,219.8
1,220.3
1,220.8
1,221.3
1,221.8
1,222.3
1,222.7
1,223.2
1,223.7
1,224.2
1,224.7
1,225.2
1,225.7
1,226.2
1,226.6
1,227.1
1,227.6
1,228.1
1,228.6
1,229.1
1,229.6
1,230.1
1,230.5
1,231.0
1,231.5
1,232.0
1,232.5
1,233.0
1,233.5
1,234.0
1,234.4
1,234.9
1,235.4
1,235.9
1,236.4

1.7410
1.7416
1.7422
1.7429
1.7435
1.7441
1.7447
1.7453
1.7459
1.7465
1.7471
1.7477
1.7483
1.7489
1.7495
1.7501
1.7507
1.7513
1.7519
1.7525
1.7531
1.7536
1.7542
1.7548
1.7554
1.7560
1.7566
1.7572
1.7578
1.7584
1.7589
1.7595
1.7601
1.7607
1.7613
1.7618
1.7624
1.7630
1.7636
1.7642
1.7647
1.7653
1.7659
1.7665
1.7670
1.7676
1.7682
1.7687
1.7693
1.7699
1.7704
1.7710

0.36904
0.36894
0.36884
0.36874
0.36865
0.36856
0.36847
0.36838
0.36829
0.36821
0.36813
0.36805
0.36797
0.36789
0.36782
0.36774
0.36767
0.36760
0.36753
0.36747
0.36740
0.36734
0.36728
0.36722
0.36716
0.36710
0.36705
0.36699
0.36694
0.36689
0.36684
0.36679
0.36675
0.36670
0.36666
0.36661
0.36657
0.36653
0.36649
0.36646
0.36642
0.36639
0.36635
0.36632
0.36629
0.36626
0.36623
0.36620
0.36618
0.36615
0.36613
0.36610

0.49233
0.49214
0.49195
0.49176
0.49158
0.49140
0.49122
0.49104
0.49087
0.49070
0.49054
0.49037
0.49021
0.49006
0.48990
0.48975
0.48960
0.48945
0.48930
0.48916
0.48902
0.48888
0.48874
0.48861
0.48848
0.48835
0.48822
0.48810
0.48797
0.48785
0.48774
0.48762
0.48750
0.48739
0.48728
0.48717
0.48707
0.48696
0.48686
0.48676
0.48666
0.48656
0.48647
0.48637
0.48628
0.48619
0.48610
0.48602
0.48593
0.48585
0.48577
0.48569

1,693.0
1,694.1
1,695.2
1,696.3
1,697.4
1,698.5
1,699.7
1,700.8
1,701.9
1,703.0
1,704.1
1,705.2
1,706.3
1,707.4
1,708.5
1,709.5
1,710.6
1,711.7
1,712.8
1,713.9
1,715.0
1,716.1
1,717.2
1,718.2
1,719.3
1,720.4
1,721.5
1,722.6
1,723.6
1,724.7
1,725.8
1,726.9
1,727.9
1,729.0
1,730.1
1,731.1
1,732.2
1,733.3
1,734.3
1,735.4
1,736.5
1,737.5
1,738.6
1,739.6
1,740.7
1,741.7
1,742.8
1,743.8
1,744.9
1,745.9
1,747.0
1,748.0

0.36735
0.36551
0.36369
0.36187
0.36008
0.35829
0.35652
0.35477
0.35302
0.35129
0.34958
0.34787
0.34618
0.34450
0.34284
0.34118
0.33954
0.33791
0.33629
0.33469
0.33309
0.33151
0.32994
0.32838
0.32683
0.32530
0.32377
0.32226
0.32075
0.31926
0.31778
0.31631
0.31485
0.31339
0.31195
0.31052
0.30910
0.30769
0.30629
0.30490
0.30352
0.30215
0.30079
0.29944
0.29810
0.29676
0.29544
0.29412
0.29282
0.29152
0.29023
0.28895

398
399
400

36.5
36.5
36.5

0.0724
0.0723
0.0722

13.8190 1,143.5 1,236.9


13.8360 1,143.8 1,237.4
13.8530 1,144.2 1,237.8

1.7716 0.36608 0.48561 1,749.1


1.7721 0.36606 0.48553 1,750.1
1.7727 0.36604 0.48546 1,751.2

0.28768
0.28642
0.28517

Viscosity
(cP)

Therm.
Cond.
(W/m*K)

Phase

0.22978
0.22865
0.22753
0.22642
0.22532
0.22424
0.22316
0.22209
0.22103
0.21998
0.21894
0.21791
0.21716
0.01322
0.01323
0.01325
0.01327
0.01329
0.01331
0.01334
0.01336
0.01338
0.01340
0.01342
0.01344
0.01347
0.01349
0.01351
0.01353
0.01355
0.01358
0.01360
0.01362
0.01364
0.01366
0.01369
0.01371
0.01373
0.01375
0.01378
0.01380
0.01382
0.01384
0.01386
0.01389
0.01391

0.68332
0.68336
0.68341
0.68345
0.68348
0.68352
0.68355
0.68357
0.68360
0.68362
0.68364
0.68365
0.68366
0.02845
0.02846
0.02849
0.02853
0.02856
0.02859
0.02863
0.02866
0.02869
0.02873
0.02876
0.02880
0.02883
0.02887
0.02890
0.02894
0.02897
0.02901
0.02905
0.02908
0.02912
0.02915
0.02919
0.02923
0.02926
0.02930
0.02934
0.02937
0.02941
0.02945
0.02949
0.02952
0.02956

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01393
0.01395
0.01397
0.01400
0.01402
0.01404
0.01406
0.01408
0.01411
0.01413
0.01415
0.01417
0.01420
0.01422
0.01424
0.01426
0.01428
0.01431
0.01433
0.01435
0.01437
0.01440
0.01442
0.01444
0.01446
0.01449
0.01451
0.01453
0.01455
0.01457
0.01460
0.01462
0.01464
0.01466
0.01469
0.01471
0.01473
0.01475
0.01478
0.01480
0.01482
0.01484
0.01487
0.01489
0.01491
0.01493
0.01496
0.01498
0.01500
0.01502
0.01505
0.01507

0.02960
0.02964
0.02968
0.02972
0.02975
0.02979
0.02983
0.02987
0.02991
0.02995
0.02999
0.03003
0.03007
0.03011
0.03015
0.03019
0.03023
0.03027
0.03031
0.03035
0.03039
0.03043
0.03047
0.03051
0.03055
0.03060
0.03064
0.03068
0.03072
0.03076
0.03080
0.03085
0.03089
0.03093
0.03097
0.03101
0.03106
0.03110
0.03114
0.03119
0.03123
0.03127
0.03132
0.03136
0.03140
0.03145
0.03149
0.03153
0.03158
0.03162
0.03167
0.03171

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01509
0.01511
0.01514
0.01516
0.01518
0.01520
0.01523
0.01525
0.01527
0.01529
0.01532
0.01534
0.01536
0.01538
0.01541
0.01543
0.01545
0.01547
0.01550
0.01552
0.01554
0.01556
0.01559
0.01561
0.01563
0.01565
0.01568
0.01570
0.01572
0.01574
0.01577
0.01579
0.01581
0.01583
0.01586
0.01588
0.01590
0.01593
0.01595
0.01597
0.01599
0.01602
0.01604
0.01606
0.01608
0.01611
0.01613
0.01615
0.01618
0.01620
0.01622
0.01624

0.03175
0.03180
0.03184
0.03189
0.03193
0.03198
0.03202
0.03207
0.03211
0.03216
0.03220
0.03225
0.03229
0.03234
0.03238
0.03243
0.03248
0.03252
0.03257
0.03261
0.03266
0.03271
0.03275
0.03280
0.03285
0.03289
0.03294
0.03299
0.03303
0.03308
0.03313
0.03318
0.03322
0.03327
0.03332
0.03336
0.03341
0.03346
0.03351
0.03356
0.03360
0.03365
0.03370
0.03375
0.03380
0.03385
0.03389
0.03394
0.03399
0.03404
0.03409
0.03414

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01627 0.03419 vapor


0.01629 0.03424 vapor
0.01631 0.03428 vapor