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# Understanding Density

Why does regular A&W soda settle at the bottom and Diet A&W soda stay on top?

Question

## Why are there different layers of liquids?

If you could see the particles inside each layer, how would they look?

## REVIEW: PROPERTIES OF MATTER

1. Organize a notebook page 2. Copy the table in your notebook. Fill in with the correct answer. Definition Matter Mass Weight Volume Unit of Measurement Symbol

g,kg N

3. How do you measure the following: (Explain or provide a diagram) a. mass of a solid, liquid, and solid crystals b. volume of a liquid, a regular solid, and an irregular solid

1 meter 1 decimeter

1 centimeter

1 millimeter

## Not drawn to real size

MEASURING VOLUME
Unit: liters (l) or milliliters (mL)

## Close Up View of Liquid in Graduated Cylinder

The curved surface of the liquid is called a meniscus. As a standard procedure, always read the level of the liquid at the bottom of the curve Source: http://www.lincoln.smmusd.org/staff/burdettet_web/meniscus.html

Understanding Density
Week of Feb. 27-28
[ ] DAY 1- Introduce

[ ] DAY 2- Explore
Week of March 4-6 [ ] DAY 1- Extend [ ] DAY 2- Summarize

## Why are there different layers of liquids?

Possible answers 1. Some liquids thicker than others 2. Some liquids are denser than others How would you test it? Explore Observations What did you learn?

## Why are there different layers of liquids?

Possible answers 1. Some liquids thicker than others How would you test it? Explore Observations What did you learn?

Flow Test

Group

1
Honey

2
Baby oil

3
Alcohol

4
Water

5
Dishwash ing L

9
Maple syrup

1 2 3 4 5

## Water 0.99 Maple syrup 1.29

1.4
6
RANK

Honey 1.4

Why do the liquids in the column separate? Why doesnt the mass and volume of the liquid matter?

What happens when we drop different objects into the column? Explain why?

## Baby oil 0.79

Alcohol 0.86 Dishwashing Liquid 0.97 Water 0.99 Maple syrup 1.29 Honey 1.4

## Half-sized candle sinks

Explain why?

Mass = 10 g Vol = 20 mL

Density =

Density =

Density =

Mass = 2.5 g Mass = 5 g Vol = 10 mL Mass = 10 g Vol = 20 mL Mass = 2.5 g Mass = 5 g Vol = 10 mL Mass = 2.5 g Vol = 5 mL Vol = 5 mL Mass = 2.5 g Vol = 5 mL

Vol = 5 mL

## Density = 10g/20mL = 0.5 g/mL

Source: http://www.chemistryland.com/CHM130S/02-MMM/Measure/Measuring.htm

MEASURING VOLUME
L H W

## Volume= L x W x H = 10cm x 5cm x 7cm = _________ cm3 Volume = _______ ml

Source: http://www.chemistryland.com/CHM130S/02-MMM/Measure/Measuring.htm

## How do you measure the volume of an irregular object?

Source: http://www.chemistryland.com

Understanding Density?
D= Mass/Volume

## can explain how to calculate the density of an object.

can calculate the density of brown sugar in a bag that measures 5cm3 and weighs 500g.

can identify 3 states can explain how to of matter. find the volume of an irregular shaped object.

can give the units can define density. for mass and volume.

## can explain how to measure the mass of a solid.

can define volume.

## explain why an ice cube floats in water.

can calculate the volume of a square wooden box if one side is 6 cm.

## can give the formula to find the density of an object.

can explain which is can explain how to heavier: a kg of gold measure the volume or a kg of feathers. of a liquid.