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Understanding Density

Why does regular A&W soda settle at the bottom and Diet A&W soda stay on top?

OBSERVE What do you see?

SHARE Talk to a partner

WONDER What questions do you have?

How do you explain the presence of different layers of liquids?

What are the layers?

Why are there layers?

Question

What would be important to learn? Questions?

How would you test it?

What did you learn?

Why are there different layers of liquids?

If you could see the particles inside each layer, how would they look?

REVIEW: PROPERTIES OF MATTER


1. Organize a notebook page 2. Copy the table in your notebook. Fill in with the correct answer. Definition Matter Mass Weight Volume Unit of Measurement Symbol

g,kg N

3. How do you measure the following: (Explain or provide a diagram) a. mass of a solid, liquid, and solid crystals b. volume of a liquid, a regular solid, and an irregular solid

1 meter 1 decimeter

1 centimeter

1 millimeter

Not drawn to real size

MEASURING VOLUME
Unit: liters (l) or milliliters (mL)

Liquids Regular Solids (volume = l x w x h) Irregular Solids (Water displacement)

Measuring Volume of a Liquid

Close Up View of Liquid in Graduated Cylinder


The curved surface of the liquid is called a meniscus. As a standard procedure, always read the level of the liquid at the bottom of the curve Source: http://www.lincoln.smmusd.org/staff/burdettet_web/meniscus.html

Understanding Density
Week of Feb. 27-28
[ ] DAY 1- Introduce

[ ] DAY 2- Explore
Week of March 4-6 [ ] DAY 1- Extend [ ] DAY 2- Summarize

Why are there different layers of liquids?


Possible answers 1. Some liquids thicker than others 2. Some liquids are denser than others How would you test it? Explore Observations What did you learn?

Density = Mass__ Volume 3.

Why are there different layers of liquids?


Possible answers 1. Some liquids thicker than others How would you test it? Explore Observations What did you learn?

Mix with water

Feel the liquid

Flow Test

K=Javiers Fork test Drop test

Group

1
Honey

2
Baby oil

3
Alcohol

4
Water

5
Dishwash ing L

9
Maple syrup

Baby oil 0.79 Alcohol 0.86 Dishwashing Liquid 0.97

1 2 3 4 5

0.79 0.97 0.86 1.29 0.99

Water 0.99 Maple syrup 1.29

1.4
6
RANK

Honey 1.4

Why do the liquids in the column separate? Why doesnt the mass and volume of the liquid matter?

What happens when we drop different objects into the column? Explain why?

Baby oil 0.79


Alcohol 0.86 Dishwashing Liquid 0.97 Water 0.99 Maple syrup 1.29 Honey 1.4

A Tale of Three Candles

Half-sized candle floats

Full-sized candle floats

Half-sized candle sinks

Explain why?

Mass = 10 g Vol = 20 mL

Density =

Density =

Density =

Mass = 2.5 g Mass = 5 g Vol = 10 mL Mass = 10 g Vol = 20 mL Mass = 2.5 g Mass = 5 g Vol = 10 mL Mass = 2.5 g Vol = 5 mL Vol = 5 mL Mass = 2.5 g Vol = 5 mL

Vol = 5 mL

Density = 10g/20mL = 0.5 g/mL

Density = 5g/10mL = 0.5 g/mL

Density = 10g/20mL = 0.5 g/mL

Source: http://www.chemistryland.com/CHM130S/02-MMM/Measure/Measuring.htm

MEASURING VOLUME
L H W

Volume= L x W x H = 10cm x 5cm x 7cm = _________ cm3 Volume = _______ ml

Source: http://www.chemistryland.com/CHM130S/02-MMM/Measure/Measuring.htm

How do you measure the volume of an irregular object?

Source: http://www.chemistryland.com

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lwc6QklQGFw

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fE2KQzLUVA4 Seven Layer Density

Understanding Density?
D= Mass/Volume

Why are there different layers?

can explain how to calculate the density of an object.

can calculate the density of brown sugar in a bag that measures 5cm3 and weighs 500g.

can identify 3 states can explain how to of matter. find the volume of an irregular shaped object.

can give the units can define density. for mass and volume.

can explain how to measure the mass of a solid.


can define volume.

explain why an ice cube floats in water.

can calculate the volume of a square wooden box if one side is 6 cm.

can give the formula for volume.

can give the formula to find the density of an object.

can explain which is can explain how to heavier: a kg of gold measure the volume or a kg of feathers. of a liquid.

can explain how oobleck works

can explain 2 ways how to change the density of an object