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Grade 10 Academic Science Practice Exam

Lorne Park Secondary School 30% of Final Grade 1.5 hours Full Name: ____________________ Part A: Part B: Part C: Part D: Multiple Choice Written Response Short Answer Other 30 marks for KNOWLEDGE 20 marks for COMMUNICATION 40 marks for APPLICATION 20 marks for INQUIRY 20 minutes 15 minutes 40 minutes 15 minutes

Part A: Knowledge [1 mark each: 30 Marks] Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question on the scantron provided. 1. A layer of tall, closely packed cells containing chloroplasts, just below the upper surface of a leaf, is called the: a. palisade layer c. vascular bundles b. spongy mesophyll d. Cuticle 2. There are no natural sources of a. carbon dioxide b. methane 3. A single displacement involves a. an element and a compound as reactants b. two compounds as reactants

c. chlorofluorocarbons d. nitrous oxide

c. two compounds as products d. two elements as products and reactants

4. Waters index of refraction is 1.33. The speed of light in water is a. 2.26 108 m/s b. 1.33 108 m/s c. 4.43 108 m/s 5. An object is placed at C. What kind of image will this situation produce?

d. 3.24

108 m/s

a. real, upright, same size as the original b. real, inverted, smaller the original 6. What would you do to make this diagram accurate?

c. real, inverted, same size as the original d. virtual, upright, same size as the original

a. b. c. d.

Make the light ray bend at a 90 angle Make the light ray nearly straight, bending slightly away from the normal. Make the light ray bend toward the normal rather than away from it The diagram is fine the way it is

7. Which of the following statements is not true about what happens to radiation from the Sun once it reaches Earth? a. A portion of it is reflected back to space by the c. Nearly half of it transmits through Earth. clouds. d. A portion of it is absorbed by gases in the b. Over half of it is absorbed by Earths surface. atmosphere. 8. The tongue, esophagus, and intestines of a human would all be considered parts of a(n) a. organ b. organ system c. tissue system d. team

a. b. c. d.

9. How do you know that the following equation is not balanced? K Br2 KBr There are more K atoms on the left side than the right side. There are not enough Br atoms on the left side. There are more Br atoms on the left side than the right side. The equation is balanced.

10. Natural sources of atmospheric carbon dioxide include all of the following, except a. volcanic eruptions c. photosynthesis b. burning of organic matter d. cellular respiration 11. What is the correct chemical formula for the compound copper(II) fluoride? a. CuF2 b. Cu2F c. CuF 12. Choose the best description for the weather on a typical summer day in Ontario. a. high of 30 C, partly cloudy b. high of 5 C, mostly sunny, 90 % probability of precipitation, wind from the west at 65 km/h, and relative humidity of 10 % c. high of 30 C, mostly sunny, 20 % probability of precipitation, wind from the west at 22 km/h, and relative humidity of 35 % d. sunny, wind from the west at 20 km/h, and a relative humidity of 30 % 13. Choose the correct word equation for CuSO4 ZnSO4 Cu energy reactant reactant energy zinc copper sulfate zinc sulfate copper zinc copper zinc sulfate copper sulfate zinc sulfate copper sulfate zinc copper

d. Cu2F2

Zn a. b. c. d.

energy energy energy

14. During which phase of a cell cycle does metaphase, shown below, occur?

a. interphase

b. mitosis

c. cytokinesis

d. prophase

a. b. c. d.

15. The cell theory states that all of the following are true, except All living things are made up of one or more cells and their products. The cell is the simplest unit that can carry out all life processes. All organisms are made up of many cells. All cells come from other cells; they do not come from non-living matter.

16. What would the chemical formula be for hydrobromic acid? a. HCl(aq) b. HBr(aq) c. H2Br

d. H3Br2

17. The ionic compound produced in the neutralization of potassium hydroxide with phosphoric acid is a. sodium hydroxide c. carbonic acid b. hydrochloric acid d. potassium phosphate 18. An object 16.8 cm tall is placed in front of a converging lens. A real image, 46 cm tall, is formed on the other side of the lens. What is the magnification of the lens? a. 2.7 b. 2.7 c. 3.7 d. 3.7 19. Greenhouse gases are produced by the combustion of fossil fuels from a. energy production c. industry b. transportation d. all of the above 20. All of the following are tissue systems in plants, except a. dermal tissue system c. vascular tissue system b. connective tissue system d. ground tissue system 21. Which of the following are principal anthropogenic greenhouse gases?

a. b. c. d.

carbon dioxide, methane, chlorofluorocarbons carbon dioxide, ozone, chlorofluorocarbons methane, chlorofluorocarbons, nitrogen methane, nitrous oxide, ozone 22. What is a normal line? A line that is perpendicular to the angle of incidence, A line that is perpendicular to the angle of reflection. A line that is perpendicular to the reflecting surface. A line that is parallel to the angle of incidence.

a. b. c. d.

23. Specialized cells that use a lot of energy, such as muscle cells, have a lot of a. Golgi bodies b. mitochondria c. vacuoles

d. nuclei

24. Element X has one electron in its outer orbit and element Y has six electrons in its outer orbit. What is the correct formula for the compound formed by X and Y? a. XY b. XY6 c. XY2 d. X2Y 25. An object is placed a greater distance than 2 smaller, inverted, and located beyond 2F between F and 2F at F closer than F to the lens from a converging lens produces a real image that is

a. b. c. d.

26. Which organelle is present in the cells of a tree but not present in the cells of a human? a. nucleus c. endoplasmic reticulum b. vacuole d. chloroplast 27. Which element would have atoms with the same number of outer electrons as carbon atoms? a. silicon b. boron c. nitrogen d. neon 28. Which of the following does not make up part of Earths climate system? a. the hydrosphere c. chlorofluorocarbons b. living things d. the lithosphere 29. All of the following are greenhouse gases, except a. nitrogen b. methane

c. carbon dioxide

d. water vapour

30. You are holding a flashlight so the beam strikes a plane mirror at an incident angle of 38?. What is the measure of angle x between the reflected light ray and the mirror?

a. 38?

b. 52?

c. 90?

d. 155?

Part B: Communication [20 marks] Answer the questions in the space provided 1. Write the chemical formulas for the following compounds [1 mark each, 6 marks total] a) b) c) d) e) f) Beryllium oxide Aluminum nitride Nitrogen dioxide Tin (II) fluoride __________ __________ __________ __________

Ammonium carbonate __________ Sulphuric acid __________

2. Write the names for each chemical formula [1 mark each, 6 marks total] a) b) c) d) e) f) Li2O CuSO4 PbS HCl C4H6 FeCl2 ________________________
______________________________________

________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________

3. Label each numbered organelle [0.5 marks each, 4 marks total] 1. ___________________________ 2. ___________________________ 3. ___________________________ 4. ___________________________ 5. ___________________________ 6. ___________________________ 8. ___________________________ 9. ___________________________ Part C Application [40 marks] Answer the questions and/or complete the diagrams in the space provided. Be sure to use all relevant formulas, units and information. 1. Balance the following chemical equations and indicate the type of reaction [2 marks each, 6 marks total] a) ____Al(NO3)3 + ____Na2CO3 ____NaNO3 + ____Al2(CO3)3 Type: _____________________ b) ____Mg + ____O2 ____MgO Type: _____________________ c) ____C8H18 + ____O2 ____CO2 + H2O Type: _____________________ 2. A 25cm candle produces a real image in a converging mirror that is 4.0cm tall. What is the magnification of the mirror? [2 marks]

3. A red laser beam travels from air into lemon oil. The angle of incidence of the beam is 23 and the angle of refraction is 17. What is the index of refraction for lemon oil. [3 marks]

4. Calculate the image characteristics, SALT, for the following: A diverging lens has a focal length of 17cm. A candle is located 48cm from the lens. [4 marks]

5. a) What is the FOv on high for a microscope with the following information [3 marks] FOv on low Occular Lens Mag Objective Lens High Mag 3.8mm 10X 420X

b) If an onion cell fits 5 time across the field of view on high, what is the size of the onion cell? [2 marks]

6. Explain the differences between plant and animal cells. Use specific organelles in your answer. [2 marks]

7. a) What system is illustrated in the diagram below? [1 mark] b) with specific reference to all relevant organs and structures explain the path of oxygen from the lungs to the body and of carbon dioxide from the body to the lungs. [4 marks]

8. .Organize the following structures into a hierarchy, organized from most complex to simplest. [1 mark]

a)

b)

c)

d)

e)

9. Describe 3 factors that determine the climate of a region [3 marks]

10. With the use of equations explain how plants and animals alter the amount of gases in the atmosphere through natural processes. [4 marks]

11. What are 3 examples of natural causes of climate change and what are 3 examples of the anthropogenic causes of climate change. Pick 2 of the 6 listed and explain how they are altering the Earths climate. [5 marks]

Part D Inquiry [20 marks] Answer the questions in the space provided 1. Predict the reactant and/or products for each of the following reactions. Balance the reaction once it is complete. [4 marks each] a) _____HCl + __________ _____H2O + _____AlCl3

b) _____NaCl + _____Li __________ + _____Na

c) _____H2O2 _____H2O + _____

d) _____AgNO3 + _____CaCO3 _________ + _____Ag2CO3 2. Draw the image that would result from this reflection in a diverging mirror. Describe the image using SALT [4 marks]

S: A: L: T:

3. Show where the image will appear. Describe the image using SALT [4 marks] S: A: L: T:

4. This graph shows the annual average temperature change for the Earth for the past 50 years. Using your knowledge from the climate change unit describe: a) 2 possible reasons for the increase from 1960 2010 [2 marks]

b) what are 2 global consequences of climate change [2 marks]

c) what are 2 local consequences of climate change [2 marks]