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Cymbopogon
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Lemon Grass

Lemon grass plant

Scientific classification Kingdom: (unranked): (unranked): (unranked): Order: Plantae Angiosperms Monocots Commelinids Poales

Family: Subfamily: Tribe: Subtribe: Genus:

Poaceae Panicoideae Andropogoneae Andropogoninae Cymbopogon


Spreng.

Species About 55, see text


Cymbopogon (lemongrass) is a genus of about 55 species of grasses, (of which the type species is Cymbopogon citratus) native to warm

temperate and tropical regions of the Old World and Oceania. It is a tall perennial grass. Common names include lemon grass,lemongrass, barbed wire grass, silky heads, citronella grass,cha de Dartigalongue,fever grass, tanglad, hierba Luisa or gavati chaha amongst many others.
Contents
[hide]

1 Uses

2 Images 3 Partial species list 4 Notes

[edit]Uses
Lemongrass is native to India and tropical Asia. It is widely used as a herb in Asian cuisine. It has a subtle citrus flavor and can be dried and powdered, or used fresh. Lemongrass is commonly used in teas, soups, and curries. It is also suitable

for poultry, fish, beef, and seafood. It is often used as a tea in African countries such as Togo and theDemocratic Republic of the Congo and Latin American countries such as Mexico. Lemongrass oil is used as a pesticide and a preservative. Research shows that lemongrass oil has anti[1] fungal properties. Despite its ability to repel insects, its oil is commonly utilized as a "lure" to

attract honey bees. "Lemongrass works conveniently as well as the pheromone created by the honeybee's nasonov gland, also known as attractant pheromones. Because of this lemon grass oil can be used as a lure when trapping swarms or attempting to draw the attention of hived [2] bees."

Cymbopogon citratus from thePhilippines, where it is locally known astanglad.

Citronella grass (Cymbopogon nardus andCymbopogon winterianus) grows to about 2 meters (about 6.5 feet) and has red base stems. These species are used for the production ofcitronella oil, which is used in soaps, as an insect repellent in insect sprays and candles, and also in aromatherapy, which is famous in Bintan

Island, Indonesia. Therefore it's assumed that its origin is from Indonesia. The principal chemical constituents of citronella, geraniol and citronel lol, are antiseptics, hence their use in household disinfectants and soaps. Besides oil production, citronella grass is also used for culinary purposes, in tea and as a flavoring. Lemon Grass Oil, used as a pesticide and preservative, is put on the ancient palm-leaf manuscripts found in India as

a preservative. It is used at the Oriental Research Institute Mysore, the French Institute of Pondicherry, the Association for the Preservation of the Saint Thomas Christian Heritage in Kerala and many other manuscript collections in India. The lemon grass oil also injects natural fluidity into the brittle palm leaves and the hydrophobic nature of the oil keeps the manuscripts dry so that the text is not lost to decay due to humidity.

East-Indian Lemon Grass (Cymbopogon flexuosus), also called Cochin Grass or Malabar Grass (Malayalam: (inchippullu), is native to Cambodia, India, Sri Lanka, Burma,and Thailand w hile the West-Indian lemon grass(Cymbopogon citratus) is native to maritime Southeast Asia. It is known as serai in Malaysia, serai or s ereh in Indonesia, and tanglad in the Philippines. While both can be used

interchangeably, C. citratus is more suited for cooking. In India C. citratus is used both as a medical herb and in perfumes. Cymbopogon citratus is consumed as a tea for anxiety in Brazilian folk [3] medicine, but a study in [4] humans found no effect. The tea caused a recurrence of contact dermatitis in one [5] case. Lemon grass is also known as Gavati Chaha ( ) in the Marathi

language (Gavat=grass; Chaha=tea), and is used as an addition to tea, and in preparations like 'kadha,' which is a traditional herbal 'soup' used against coughs, colds, etc. It has medicinal properties and is used extensively in Ayurvedic medicine. It is supposed to help with relieving cough and [citation needed] nasal congestion. In Kerala, lemon grass is steeped as an herbal tea called "Chukku Kaapi", literally

"dried ginger coffee".


needed]

[citation

[edit]Images

Lemon grass at a market

Prepared Lemongrass

[edit]Partial

species

list

Cymbopogon ambiguus Australian lemon-scented grass (native of Australia) Cymbopogon bombycinus Silky Oilgrass (native of Australia) Cymbopogon citratus Lemon Grass (Chinese: ; pi nyin: xing mo co) Cymbopogon citriodora West Indian lemon grass

Cymbopogon flexuosus East Indian lemon grass Cymbopogon martinii Palmarosa Cymbopogon nardus Citronella Grass (In Thai language (Ta-khrai Hom)) Cymbopogon obtectus Silky-heads (native of Australia) Cymbopogon procerus (native of Australia)

Cymbopogon proximus found in Egypt Cymbopogon refractus Barbed wire grass (native of Australia) Cymbopogon schoenanthus or camel hay or camel grass, southern Asia and northern [citation needed] Africa Cymbopogon winterianus Citronell a Grass

[edit]Notes
1.^ Shadab, Q., Hanif, M. & Chaudhary, F.M. (1992) Antifungal activity by lemongrass essential oils. Pak. J. Sci. Ind. Res. 35, 246-249. 2.^ "Beekeeping/Guid e to Essential Oils". Wiki Books. Retrieved 7/8/12. 3.^ Blanco MM, Costa CA, Freire

AO, Santos JG, Costa M (March 2009). "Neurobehavioral effect of essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus in mice". Phytomedicin e 16 (23): 265 70. doi:10.1016/j.phy med.2007.04.007. P MID 17561386. 4.^ Leite JR, Seabra Mde L, Maluf E, et al. (July 1986). "Pharmacology of lemongrass

(Cymbopogon citratus Stapf). III. Assessment of eventual toxic, hypnotic and anxiolytic effects on humans". J Ethnopharmacol 17 ( 1): 75 83. doi:10.1016/037 8-8741(86)900747.PMID 2429120. 5.^ Bleasel N, Tate B, Rademaker M (August 2002). "Allergic contact dermatitis following

exposure to essential oils". Australas. J. Dermatol. 43 (3): 211 3. doi:10.1046/j.144 00960.2002.00598.x. PMID 12121401.

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