Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 48

A 2005 Social Accounting Matrix for Ghana

Ghana Statistical Services (GSS)


International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

This SAM is documented in:


A 2005 Social Accounting Matrix for Ghana. Ghana Statistical Services (GSS) and International Food Policy Research Institute
Edited by Clemens Breisinger, Magnus Duncan and James Thurlow. October, 2007

SAM account abbreviations:


Activities and commodities
amaiz
cmaiz
Maize
arice
crice
Rice
asorg
csorg
Sorghum and millet
cogrn
Other cereals
acass
ccass
Cassava
ayams
cyams
Yams
acyam
ccyam
Cocoyams
acpea
ccpea
Cowpea
asbea
csbea
Soyabean
apoil
cpoil
Palm oil
agnut
cgnut
Groundnuts
aonut
conut
Tree nuts
afrud
cfrud
Fruit (domestic)
afrue
cfrue
Fruit (export)
avegd
cvegd
Vegetables (domestic)
avege
cvege
Vegetables (export)
aplan
cplan
Plantains
acoco
ccoco
Cocoa beans
aocro
cocro
Other crops
aoexp
coexp
Export industrial crops
achik
cchik
Chicken broiler (mostly imported)
aeggs
ceggs
Eggs and layers (domestic)
abeef
cbeef
Beef
agoat
cgoat
Sheep and goat meat
aoliv
coliv
Other meats
afore
cfore
Forestry
afish
cfish
Fishing
amine
cmine
Mining
aforf
cforf
Formal food processing
alocf
clocf
Informal food processing
acopr
ccopr
Cocoa processing
adair
cdair
Dairy products
ameat
cmeat
Meat and fish processing
atext
ctext
Textiles
aclth
cclth
Clothing
afoot
cfoot
Leather and footwear
awood
cwood
Wood products
apapr
cpapr
Paper products, publishing and printing

Factors
labself
labunsk
labskll
capa
capn
land

Self-employed labor
Unskilled labor
Skilled labor
Capital (agriculture)
Capital (other)
Land

Households
hrur
Rural households
hurb
Urban households

Other accounts
trc
gov
dtax
stax
mtax
etax
s-i
row

apetr
adies
afuel
achem
ametl
acapt
acons
awatr
aelec
atrad
aosrv
atran
acomm
abusi
areal
acsrv
aadmn
aeduc
aheal

coils
cpetr
cdies
cfuel
cfert
cchem
cmetl
ccapt
ccons
cwatr
celec
ctrad
cosrv
ctran
ccomm
cbusi
creal
ccsrv
cadmn
ceduc
cheal

Crude and other oils


Petrol
Diesel
Other fuels
Fertilizer
Other Chemicals
Metal products
Capital goods
Construction
Water
Electricity
Trade services
Other services
Transport services
Communication
Business services
Real estate
Community services
Public administration
Education
Health

od Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

Other accounts
CIF-FOB margin for imported goods
Government
Direct taxes
Sales taxes
Import tariffs
Export taxes
Savings-investment
Rest of world

2005 Ghana SAM


in Billions of Cedis

amaiz
amaiz
arice
asorg
acass
ayams
acyam
acpea
asbea
apoil
agnut
aonut
afrud
afrue
avegd
avege
aplan
acoco
aocro
aoexp
achik
aeggs
abeef
agoat
aoliv
afore
afish
amine
aforf
alocf
acopr
adair
ameat
atext
aclth
afoot
awood
apapr
apetr
adies
afuel
achem
ametl
acapt
acons
awatr

arice

asorg

acass

ayams

acyam

acpea

asbea

aelec
atrad
aosrv
atran
acomm
abusi
areal
acsrv
aadmn
aeduc
aheal
cmaiz
crice
csorg
cogrn
ccass
cyams
ccyam
ccpea
csbea
cpoil
cgnut
conut
cfrud
cfrue
cvegd
cvege
cplan
ccoco
cocro
coexp
cchik
ceggs
cbeef
cgoat
coliv
cfore
cfish
cmine
cforf
clocf
ccopr
cdair
cmeat
ctext
cclth
cfoot
cwood
cpapr
coils
cpetr
cdies

70
47
38
761
890
214
13
12

cfuel
cfert
cchem
cmetl
ccapt
ccons
cwatr
celec
ctrad
cosrv
ctran
ccomm
cbusi
creal
ccsrv
cadmn
ceduc
cheal
trc
labself
labunsk
labskll
capa
capn
land
hrur
hurb
gov
dtax
stax
mtax
etax
s-i
row
total

164

131

45

25

110

42

20

36

10

43
313

156

215

478

579

155

66

11

118

57

83

209

235

63

25

963
292

350
106

671
203

1,638
496

1,782
540

266
80

105
32

43
13

50

25

38

111

195

47

17

517

207

354

948

1,570

301

109

2,597

1,163

1,667

4,677

5,792

1,158

376

91

apoil

agnut

aonut

afrud

afrue

avegd

avege

aplan

acoco

71
59
14
17
61
651
402

13
4

496

8
1

705

144

23

101

381

73

45

14

132

139

62

124

0
52

589

0
20

467

517

50

53

24

44

18

238

221

335

300
91

319
97

88
27

255
87

102
35

2,289
669

32
9

664
226

2,573
2,142

21

25

20

33

14

99

67

178

130

138

106

289

114

880

24

311

680

-395

868

874

356

849

351

5,465

128

2,707

7,521

aocro

aoexp

achik

aeggs

abeef

agoat

aoliv

afore

afish

10

306

41

100

42

105

149
16
11
2

52

0
7

403
11

14
2

39

773

872

8
0
140

11

123

30

0
0
5

24

0
37

105

81

158

545

0
387

11

14

50

38

30

59

285
127
123
128

60
70
69
70

12

1,000
634
289

3,864

63
22

54
18

6
3

198
85

322
91

390
111

444
235

60

57

68

100

3,498
176
1,171

37

57

190

243

34

1,052

837

704

1,124

6,950

amine

aforf

alocf

acopr

adair

ameat

atext

aclth

afoot

8
6
6
15

156
155

603
558
213
30
75
108
117
143
15
149

931
40

94
55

164

244
111
265
13

8
25
15
83

307

229
101

40
35

126
2

18
9
414

102

91
271

30

4
298

1
4

3
15

0
1

35

4
19

2
10

0
1

1
6

0
3

148

19

24

13

366
127
1,121

21

11

46

32

13

20

12

22
95

11
150

7
5
103

31
17
157

1
17

6
7
84

37
29
626

6
80

77
77
150
156

45

41

1,166
280

210
3

802

51
182

179
62

745

138

517

268

2,990

109

132

144

132

347

35

161

73

7,863

1,014

3,557

1,458

722

3,301

495

964

820

598
202

awood

apapr

apetr

adies

afuel

achem

ametl

acapt

acons

1,301
72

246

15

68

80
138

4
205

6
10

70
3,113
1
1

2,427
1
1

67
0
0

9
18

7
31

3
12

8
150

71
394

9
79

79

14

46

184

53
451
212

1,457
1,593

1,889
262

54
451

21

482

589

9
599

9
507

0
15

55
359

50

43

21

755

103
36

99

85

312
107

373

454
115

5,373
797

237

59

210

179

383

302

338

3,259

3,034

448

4,082

3,252

90

1,971

3,125

2,339

13,379

awatr

aelec

atrad

aosrv

atran

acomm

abusi

areal

acsrv

56
84

55
41
42
27

165
111
55
28
28
151
223
193
61
83
254

110

3
11

339
1
73

14
85

34
22

5,323
3,678

106

79

170

2
12

12
5

43
19

23
42

12
86
95
21
87

487
2,941
302
160
8

1,715

140

3,885

478
71
89
143
62
60
1,838
42
781
124
527
125

7
83

45
81

33
59

76
136

30

15

12

46

74

45
124
120
125

33
91
89
92

76
207
197
210

290

212
202
215

2,011

40
46

703
329

3,817
90

402
8

1,735
101

713
199

328
437

1,149

731
411

72

1,332

941

169

793

773

630

1,086

714

461

6,676

10,699

6,262

12,766

2,359

1,901

3,417

4,385

aadmn

aeduc

aheal

cmaiz
crice
2,597

csorg

cogrn

ccass

cyams

1,163
1,667
4,677
5,792

26
52

8
15

3
5

183

47

14

26

693

173

52

3,776
1,039
228
6
5,765
3,431

253
1,643

110
446

2,199

514

155

109

422

16,131

3,721

1,021

120
2,722

2,051
3,745

1,667

83
87

4,677

5,792

ccyam

ccpea

csbea

cpoil

cgnut

conut

cfrud

cfrue

cvegd

1,158
376
91
868
874
356
849
351
5,465

1,158

376

91

868

874

356

849

351

5,465

cvege

cplan

ccoco

cocro

coexp

cchik

ceggs

cbeef

cgoat

128
2,707
7,521
190
243
34
1,052
837
704

42

21

421
1,279

96
804

166
1,484

128

2,707

9,005

92
287

243

881
1,124

1,052

coliv

cfore

cfish

cmine

cforf

clocf

ccopr

cdair

cmeat

1,124
6,950
3,864
7,863
1,014
3,557
1,458
722
3,301

14

252
1,389

6,950

3,864

7,863

248

96

624
270

97
31

157
104

109
964

1,695
5,353

4,897
7,053

3,557

1,458

ctext

cclth

cfoot

cwood

cpapr

coils

cpetr

cdies

cfuel

495
964
820
3,034
448
4,082
3,252
90

49

130

27

174
272

125
193

72
193

843
1,832

2,694
4,106

548
1,660

10

141

3,176

259

91
88

225
863

133

2,571

1,864
24

5,687
5,946

6,653

5,116

2,826
3,073

cfert

cchem

cmetl

1,742
1,487

ccapt

ccons

cwatr

celec

229
3,125
852
13,379
461

ctrad

cosrv

6,676
10,699
6,262

73

195

70

1,345

167
157

200
188

240
45

1,361
1,371

1,511
1,909

3,826
6,152

1,651
3,493

26,457
34,740

19

74

13,399

535

65
6,741

1,717

38

12,416

2,939
9,239

ctran

ccomm

cbusi

creal

ccsrv

cadmn

ceduc

cheal

trc

12,766
2,359
1,901
3,417
4,385
16,131
3,721
1,021

838
2,009

305

38

228

13,071

2,397

2,128

3,417

4,385

16,131

3,721

1,021

2,847

labself

labunsk

labskll

capa

capn

land

hrur

hurb

gov

1,467
1,646
1,498
32
2,214
2,238
449
214
6
265
470

498
1,806
125
39
1,073
2,002
282
149
0
125
165

216

419

3,182

2,031

1,267

790

123

26

423
304
348
191
534

535
533
631
326
376

1,246

1,172

2,971
1,380
103
259
2,305
723
1,884
630
323
83

3,793
1,580
138
612
1,594
837
2,208
751
726
215

238
84

868
220

12,425
1,491

14,086
23,499

1,712
7,821

2,704

4,023
10,340

37,585

9,533

2,704

18,474

506
12
2,276
278
5,000

4
1,117

8
2,319

606
611
329
181
684
830
7
19
143

1,099
1,279
1,036
471
1,612
1,522
20
33
134

12,327
2,630
516

333

-333
0

2,283
2,476

807

2,375

2,108

1,261

44,085

47,557

6,775

4,111

13,915

1,308
285
2,227
292
2,877

6,775

6,776
915
27,924

dtax

stax

mtax

etax

s-i

row

total
2,597
1,163
1,667
4,677
5,792
1,158
376
91
868
874
356
849
351
5,465
128
2,707
7,521
190
243
34
1,052
837
704
1,124
6,950
3,864
7,863
1,014
3,557
1,458
722
3,301
495
964
820
3,034
448
4,082
3,252
90
1,971
3,125
2,339
13,379
461

column-row difference
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

25
103

332
71
225
295
100
7,672
189

5,625
927
7,544

953
786
55
14
7
1,798
1

6,676
10,699
6,262
12,766
2,359
1,901
3,417
4,385
16,131
3,721
1,021
2,722
3,745
1,667
87
4,677
5,792
1,158
376
91
868
874
356
849
351
5,465
128
2,707
9,005
287
243
1,124
1,052
1,279
804
1,389
6,950
3,864
7,863
7,053
3,557
1,458
964
5,353
1,832
4,106
1,660
3,176
863
5,946
6,653
5,116

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

54
313
15,095
12,799

828

7,492

7,293

10,304

3,524

410
1,598
5,714

1,089

18,062
7,293

10,304

3,524

1,089

28,207

60,882

3,073
1,909
6,152
3,493
34,740
13,399
535
6,741
12,416
9,239
13,071
2,397
2,128
3,417
4,385
16,131
3,721
1,021
2,847
13,915
37,585
9,533
2,704
18,474
6,775
44,085
47,557
27,924
7,293
10,304
3,524
1,089
28,207
60,882

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0