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901 & 601 Specifications

Major Changes

901 Specifications

Table 901-3: Master Proportion Table

Average Compressive Strength, psi (MPa) at 28 days Structural Class 7


A P1 P2 P3 S MASS 4,500 (31.0) 6,000 (41.4)8 8,500 (58.6) 8 10,000 (68.9)8 4,500 (27.6) 4,500 (31.0)

Slump Range 4, inches (mm) Grade of Coarse Aggregate1 Surface Resistivity2 (k-cm) Maximum Water/Cementitious ratio, lb/lb (kg/kg) Air Content (Percent by volume)3 NonVibrated5 Slip Form Paving 6

Vibrated

57, 67, 899, B,D 57, 67, 899, B,D 57, 67, 899, B,D 57, 67, 899, B,D B, D B, D

27 27 27 27 27 27

0.45 0.44 0.40 0.40 0.53 0.53

2-7 2-7 2-7 2-7 2-7 2-7

2-5 (50-125) N/A N/A N/A 6-8 (150-200) N/A

2-4 (50-100)5 2-6 (50-150)10 2-6 (50-150)10 2-6 (50-150)10 N/A 2-4 (50-100)5

N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

Minor Structure Class 7


M R 3,000 (20.7) 1,800 (12.4) 57, 67, 899, B,D 57, 67, B, D 0.56 0.70 2-7 2-7 2-5 (50-125) 2-5 (50-125) 2-4 (50-100)5 2-4 (50-100)5 1-2.5 (25-65) N/A

N/A N/A

Pavement Type 7
B D E 4,000 (27.6)4 4,000 (27.6)4 4,000 (27.6)4 B, D B, D 57, 67, 899, B,D 0.53 0.53 0.40 27 27 2-7 N/A N/A N/A 2-4 (50-100) 2-4 (50-100) 2-4 (50-100) 1-2.5 (25-65) 1-2.5 (25-65) 1-2.5 (25-65)

N/A N/A N/A

Table 1003-18 Gradation for Portland Cement Concrete, Uncrushed Aggregates

Percent Passing
Metric Sieve 63 mm 50 mm 37.5 mm 25.0 mm 19.0 mm 12.5 mm 9.5 mm 4.75 mm 2.36 mm 1.18 mm 75 m Size 57M Size 89M Size 67

US Sieve 2 1/2 inch 2 inch 1 1/2 inch 1 inch 3/4 inch 1/2 inch 3/8 inch No.4 No.8 No. 16 No. 200

----100 90-1001 --25-60 --0-10 0-5 --0-1

--------100 90-100 --15-60 0-302 0-5 0-1

------100 90-100 --20-55 0-10 0-5 --0-1

New Definitions & Requirements


Fresh concrete is defined as concrete in a plastic state that has not achieved initial set. Fine aggregate must have fineness Moduli (FM) between 2.20 and 3.00

Cementitious Material Substitution


The maximum substitution rate for binary mixtures is 30 percent fly ash or 50 percent GGBFS. The maximum substitution rate for ternary mixtures containing Type I, II or III portland cement is 70 percent of cement. When using Type IP or IS portland cement, the maximum substitution rate for ternary mixtures is 40 percent. Ternary combinations using both class C and F fly ash are allowable. When using fly ash ternary mixtures, replace portland cement with class C and class F fly ash in equal amounts. When using combinations of GGBFS and fly ash, the amount of GGBFS must be equal to or greater than the amount of fly ash.

Cementitious Material Substitution


For pavement types of concrete (Types B and D), the maximum substitution rate for ternary mixtures is limited to 50 percent of cement and for binary mixtures is 30 percent fly ash or 50 percent GGBFS. The use of Type III portland cement outside of the specified allowances for precast, prestress, and specified HES pavements requires the approval of the Chief Construction Engineer.

Cold Weather Limitations


Do not place concrete when the internal temperature of the concrete is below 45F (7C) nor on frozen subgrade or into forms that are below 32F (0C).

Cold Weather Limitations


PC Mixes: Discontinue concreting operations when a descending air temperature at the jobsite, in the shade, and away from artificial heat, reaches 35F (2C) or NOAA forecasts the temperature to be less than 32F (0C) within the 24-hour period following placement. Do not resume PC concreting operations until an ascending air temperature at the jobsite, in the shade, and away from artificial heat, reaches 32F (0C); provided the high temperature forecasted by NOAA is above 35F (2C) and remains above 32F (0C) for a minimum of 24 hours.

Cold Weather Limitations


Binary Mixes: Discontinue concreting operations when a descending air temperature at the jobsite, in the shade, and away from artificial heat, reaches 40F (4C) or NOAA forecasts the temperature to be less than 35F (2C) within the 36-hour period following placement. Do not resume concreting operations until an ascending air temperature at the jobsite, in the shade, and away from artificial heat, reaches 40F (4C); provided the high temperature forecasted by NOAA is above 45F (7C) and remains above 40F (4C) for a minimum of 36 hours.

Cold Weather Limitations


Ternary Mixes: Discontinue concreting operations when a descending air temperature at the jobsite, in the shade, and away from artificial heat, reaches 45F (7C) or NOAA forecasts the temperature to be less than 40F (4C) within the 48-hour period following placement. Do not resume concreting operations until an ascending air temperature at the jobsite, in the shade, and away from artificial heat, reaches 45F (7C); provided the high temperature forecasted by NOAA is above 50F (10C) and remains above 45F (7C) for a minimum of 48 hours.

Hot Weather Limitations


Hot weather limitations commence when the internal temperature of the concrete during placement, exceeds 85 F (29C). Regardless of any hot weather precautions taken, reject all concrete attaining an internal temperature in excess of 99 F (37C) during placement. Concrete placements within these hot weather limitations shall meet the following requirements:

Hot Weather Limitations


1. Maintain a minimum internal concrete temperature of 94F (34C) throughout the trial batching process. 2. After initial mixing, hold the trial batch in the mixer for 90 minutes. During this period, turn the drum intermittently for 30 seconds every five minutes. In between the intermittent turning of the drum, cover the drum opening with an impermeable cover to prevent moisture loss and to maintain heat. At the end of the 90-minute period, remix the trial batch a minimum of one minute and then test for slump and air content.

Hot Weather Limitations


3. After completion of 90-minute mixing period, ensure that the trial batch has the desired workability, with slump, and air content within the specified range as shown in Table 901-3. Allow the addition of water if the slump is below the target range but do not exceed the maximum water-to-cementitious material ratio. Remix a minimum of two minutes after addition of second water. Furthermore, ensure that concrete temperature is not less than 94F (34C) at any time during the trial batch testing.

MASS CONCRETE
Mass concrete is defined as a structural concrete placement having a least dimension of 48 inches or greater, or if designated on the plans or in the project specifications as being mass concrete. Drilled shafts are exempt from mass concrete requirements.

MASS CONCRETE
Use Type II portland cement. Replace portland cement with fly ash at 20 percent to 50 percent by weight or replace with slag cement at 50 percent to 70 percent by weight or a ternary mix meeting specification requirements. Certify that the cementitious combination generates a heat of hydration of not more than 70 calories/gram (290 kJ/kg) at 7 days as determined by ASTM C186. Use Type B or D aggregate gradation for mass concrete. See 1003.08.3 Do not use accelerating admixtures in mass concrete.

MASS CONCRETE
Produce a structure free from thermal cracks. Place mass concrete continuously to eliminate cold joints. Control differential temperatures by appropriate use of insulated forms, curing blankets, or other acceptable methods.

MASS CONCRETE
A maximum temperature during curing of 160 F (70 C) and a maximum differential temperature of 35 F (20 C) is allowed. Provide temperature-monitoring devices to record temperature development between the interior and the exterior of the element at points acceptable to the engineer. Monitor a minimum of two independent sets of interior and exterior points for each element to provide redundancy.

601 Specifications

601 Changes: CONCRETE PAVING


Mechanical roller or truss-type screeds are allowed, if approved by the engineer, for projects with: concrete pavement lane lengths of 1500 feet (450 m) or less, continuous paving lengths less than 600 feet (180 m), pavement gaps, intersections, or when side clearance is restricted. Do not operate vibrators longer than 5 seconds in one location.

601 Changes: SURFACE TOLERANCE (IRI)


Equipment (TR 644) Quality Control (ProVal 25 Sliding Baseline) Correction of Deficient Areas (1/4 in 10) Acceptance Exclusions Required Corrective Action (Must Grinds)

Percent of Contract Unit Price Category I: Design Speed 60 mph Category II: Design Speed 45 mph and < 60 mph

102%2 65 (1026) 75 (1184)

100% 75 (1200) 85 (1356)

98%

50% or Remove and Replace3 85 (1341) 95 (1500)

IRI in/mi (mm/km) IRI in/mi (mm/km)

76-84 (1201-1340)

86-94 (1357-1499)

Category III: Design Speed < 45 mph

IRI in/mi (mm/km)

N/A

115 (1829)

116-129 (1830-2049)

130 (2050)

Applies to each travel lane for the entire projects length Incentive Pay Requirements: Must equal or be less than the average IRI indicated for bonus payment Grinding is not allowed to achieve incentive payment but requirements for 601.03.11.3.2 must be met 3At the option of the Chief Engineer
1 2

Any 25-foot Sliding Baseline

PCCP: Longitudinal Direction

Category I

IRI in/mi (mm/km)

170 (2685)

Category II

IRI in/mi (mm/km)

190 (3000)

Category III

IRI in/mi (mm/km)

210 (3315)

CP-01 Revisions

CP-01 Revisions

CP-01 Revisions

CP-01 Revisions