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LTRC

Kevin Gaspard Doc. Zhang Mostafa Elseifi


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Def = h h

RWD
Late 1990s structural condition of airfield pavements
D

8ft

8ft

8ft

Four equally-spaced lasers measure surface deflection (A, B, C, and D)


h = B 2C + D

Point of interest

h = A -2B + C

Briggs et al. 2000

Research sites 16 roads 1.5 miles

AC Roads

Network 1200 miles


UNION MOREHOUSE WEST CARROLL

AC Roads
LINCOLN

EAST CARROLL

OUACHITA RICHLAND MADISON

JACKSON

RWD Index (RI) over Segment


Pavement structural capacity:
Deflection magnitude (Avg. RWD) Variability of deflection (SDRWD) over the segment

Define the RWD Index (RI):


RI = average deflection (Avg. RWD) x standard deviation (SDRWD)
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RI
RI > Roadway segment (RS) > 0.1 mile AC thick. (0.5 to 23 in.) Deflections are thickness dependent Arranged in Groups by Thickness
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Thickness (in.)

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Summary
PMS data base query for PDI RI merged with PDI per RS RS stratified based on Pave. Th. Yielded > Data set to work with.
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Hypothesis: RI provides useful information!

Proof: Multivariate Statistical Method (Factor Analysis)


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Factor analysis
Describes the Variance characteristics of variables in terms of a lower number of manufactured variables called > Factors <.

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RI Ranges for Treatments


Descriptive statistics (RI) <> ALCR Variable <> Treatment
ANOVA for four Treatments

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RI

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Two groups (Analysis Set 2)


Thick. (in.) <2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 10-11 Structurally Deficient Structurally Sound ALCR < 75 ALCR >75 A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B 21 A B

68%

31%

Imprecision

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Fuzzy Logic
Decision processes to deal with imprecision (GRAY AREAS) Uses Possibility theory Elements are assigned Membership values

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Possibility Theory

Probability Theory

Which would you

prefer to Drink?

Has 95 % membership in Drinkable Water

95 % chance Water is Drinkable


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U
x Structurally Deficient RI (X2)

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U
x

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Membership values
Intuition (Engineering Judgment) Neural networks Fuzzy statistics Meta rules Soft partitioning Inductive reasoning Genetic algorithms Rank ordering Inference
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50 %

25%

475

800

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Summary
FA > RI > single index for Structural capacity Structurally Sound and Deficient parameters were created

Fuzzy functions for individual sections and Groups of sections were created
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When You Learn to Run, We can Chase Cats!


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