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AN - TURKEY CFB Steam Power Plant

High-sulphur lignite combustion

POWER

The 320 MW AN CFB lignite One of the most modern powe

ALSTOMS FIRST CFB POWER PLANT IN TURKEY


The an Steam Power Plant is located in northwestern Turkey, anakkale province, approximately 10 km from the nearest town, an. lignite-fired Steam Power Plant in October 1998. The Notice to Proceed was signed in October 2000. The power plant burns a high-sulphur lignite supplied by local mines. There are several open cast brown lignite mines in the area. Lignite is the sole fuel used in the boilers. It is delivered daily by trucks from the mine located at the edge of town. Due to the topographical conditions of the site, the plant has been constructed on three main platforms: - One for the coal stockyard - One for the power block - One for the administrative and logistic buildings, and for the fuel oil and raw water storage. The power plant fulfilled all contractual technical requirements including high availability and strict environmental emission controls during the final reliability and performance trial runs. Thanks to the CFB technology, CAN is one of the most efficient steam power plants in Turkey, with about 40% efficiency.

The Turkish National Power Authority EAS (formerly TEAS), one of the biggest players in the Turkish power generation market, signed with Alstom and Teknotes Consortium a turnkey Engineering, Procurement & Construction (EPC) contract for the construction of the 2 x 160 MW an Circulating Fluidised Bed (CFB)

Commercial operation date


Units

1 & 2 July 2006

Scope of supply
Alstom Overall project responsibility EPC of power plant   Design & supply of the main power plant equipment and associated erection & commissioning  Civil Works of power block    Training of the Operation & Maintenance team  Test run and performance guarantee tests Teknotes   Civil Works and erection

e-fired Steam Power Plant er plants in Turkey


Boilers
The Alstom-designed boilers of both units are: Natural circulation, Circulating Fluidised Bed (CFB) Equipped with four ash separator cyclones and two ash coolers  Designed to burn the an lignite with its high sulphur content in an environmentally responsible way.

Turbo-generator sets
The turbo-generator sets are perpendicular to the boiler axis in the turbine hall, which is common to both units. The two Alstom-designed steam turbines are single reheat tandem compound impulse type machines. Each steam turbine consists of: One combined high pressure / intermediate pressure module One single-flow low pressure module. Each generator is of the two-pole air-cooled type Static excitation system is fully static and consists of thyristor bridges fed from the generator bus bars through a power potential transformer.

Clean combustion

The Alstom CFB boiler is achieving very high sulphur capture with greatly reduced limestone consumption. Lignite is then burnt in a cleaner way compared to other technologies thus considerably reducing NOx and SO2 emissions in full compliance with the stricter environment protection regulations.

Electrical equipment
The electrical buildings of the units are positioned alongside the turbine hall whilst the common electrical building, including the control room, is located at one end of the turbine hall. The boiler has its own switchgear building. The electrical energy produced by the generator is evacuated through continuous isolated phase bus bars to the main transformer, which is connected to the existing switchyard. In normal operation, the unit and general auxiliaries are supplied by the unit transformer from a tapping of the main bus bar. At start-up or shutdown the plant auxiliaries are powered from the HV network through the main transformer and the unit transformer - the generation circuit breaker is open. In case of complete loss of normal alternating current (AC) supply, one low voltage diesel generator automatically supplies the essential auxiliaries of each unit.

Mechanical equipment
Feedwater heating plant
The feedwater heating plant includes: 4 stages of LP heaters 1 deaerating feedwater tank 2 stages of HP heaters which are installed vertically. Feedwater is preheated by two HP heaters and two HP boiler ash coolers before entering the evaporator. The boiler ash coolers are bypassed for low boiler bed temperature. 2 x 100% motor-driven feedwater pumps feed the boiler. The steam circuits from the boiler to the turbine are designed with bypasses (70% capacity), which allow start-up of the unit under any conditions. The overall control of the bypass valves is integrated in the Distributed Control System (DCS).

Condenser, circulating water pumps & condensate pumps


 ooling is ensured by a Heller hyperbolic dry, natural-draught cooling C tower; with a direct-contact jet condenser. A  particular is the chimney being installed inside the concrete hyperbolic natural-draught dry cooling tower.

Key Data
Output (MW) Number of boilers Live steam flow (t/h) Live steam pressure (bar abs) Live steam temperature (C) Feedwater temperature (C) Fuel Generator type Generator rating (MVA) Power factor Terminal voltage (kV) Frequency (Hz) Generator efficiency (%) Excitation system Generator cooling system H2 pressure (bar g) 160 2 482 172 540 277 lignite Topack 177 0.9 15 50 98.9 static air 4

 he turbine exhaust steam is mixed with cooling water from the heat T exchangers installed in the cooling tower T  he circulating water is handled by 2 x 55% hydraulic machine sets, each consisting of 3 components mounted on a common shaft: - 1 cooling water circulating water pump - 1 recovery hydraulic turbine - 1 electric driving motor.  The two 100% condensate pumps are installed horizontally. One of the condensate pumps delivers the condensate water from the condenser via LP heaters and two LP boiler ash coolers to the deaerator. Then feedwater is delivered to the steam generator by 2 x 100% variable speed boiler feedpumps and a 100% feed regulating valve. A 30% control valve is also provided for start-up operation.

Instrumentation & Control Equipment


The ALSPA system implements a highly fieldbus-based distributed architecture integrating widely available hardware elements and allows geographical distribution of equipment. It provides:  High availability and high performance operator control interface, and control room environment   Control and protection of the machines and connection to the process  Advanced engineering tools for both design office and on-site high quality documentation. The Burner Management System is realised with controllers interfacing with the ALSPA system.

Alstom Profile
Alstom designs, manufactures and supplies the broadest range of products, systems and services in the power generation industry. We are world leaders in power generation, active in coal, conventional islands for nuclear energy, gas, wind and hydro power plants. We also provide products and services for industry, from small gas and steam turbines to air quality control systems. Our Plant IntegratorTM concept maximises performance, whilst our extensive range of environmental products and solutions enables us to supply cleaner power than ever before. It all adds up to real added-value for our customers.

Integrated power solutions


Plant IntegratorTM approach is Alstoms unique way of creating more value for customers. We combine outstanding expertise at the component and plant level, as we are a plant designer and equipment manufacturer. In addition we are an Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) contractor with extensive proven worldwide references. Through close collaboration, we guarantee that our customers meet their business objectives and serve their market more effectively. There are six Plant IntegratorTM factors which increase the Net Present Value for the customer. Plant IntegratorTM Factors
Investment Lead time Performance

Clean power specialist


With our help, Alstom customers are meeting the challenge of limiting emissions of CO2 and other pollutants while maintaining power plant economics, resulting in a more affordable energy price to consumers. As demand for energy continues to grow, Alstom helps our customers build a balanced portfolio of power plants utilizing a full range of energy sources: including fossil fuels, hydro, nuclear and wind. In its role as Plant IntegratorTM specialist, Alstom is the only service provider designing and manufacturing all of the various components that make up a power plant from turbines and turbogenerators to air quality control systems, from boilers and heat recovery steam generators to distributed control systems. INNOVATIVE POLICY TO PROTECT THE SURROUNDING ENVIRONMENT OF A PLANT Alstom conducts innovative research to dramatically reduce the environmental impact of its plants. Significant progress in performance and efficiency improvements, as well as breakthroughs in technological developments, contribute to the minimisation of a plants footprint, including noise and visual impact. PROVEN EXPERTISE IN STATE-OF-THE-ART CLEAN POWER SOLUTIONS The world is demanding immediate environmental action and Alstom technologies are delivering those solutions today. At Alstom we encourage the use of all available resources to help our customers achieve a balanced mix of energy. Our comprehensive range of products helps minimise the emissions of CO2 and other pollutants. That includes every type of resource for new and installed power plant fleets, including plants that were not designed by Alstom.

Customer Benefits
Optimised capital investment Shorter lead times to produce electricity faster Higher power plant efficiency for increased power output at a wide range of operational modes Reduced emissions to meet environmental concerns Optimised Operation & Maintenance (O&M) costs Better power plant economics through Integrated Retrofit Solutions Extended power plant life options

Availability & flexibility Better reliability, availability and flexibility Retrofit Life extension

Alstom Power PT-PE/BPROB/CANTPP09/eng/PPS/01.09/ FR/6735 - Alstom 2009. Alstom, the Alstom logo and any alternative version thereof are trademarks and service marks of Alstom. The other names mentioned, registered or not, are the property of their respective companies. The technical and other data contained in this document is either general or specific to a particular project. It may not apply to other projects. Neither Alstom, nor its officers and employees accept responsibility for or should be taken as making any representation or warranty (whether expressed or implied) as to the accuracy or completeness of such data or the achievement of any projected performance criteria where these are indicated. Alstom reserves the right to revise or change this data at any time without further notice. SAS Estimprim - R.C. 414 397 539 B

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