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Project TCP/RER/3107D Capacity building in agricultural biotechnologies and biosafety Regional Training in GM Risk Analysis for Armenia, Georgia

and Moldova Yerevan, Armenia , October 2010

Introduction to Risk Analysis Basic principles of Risk Assessment, Risk Management and Risk Communication

OBJECTIVE

Introduction to basic principles of Risk Analysis and its components Risk Assessment, Risk Management and Risk Communication

Components of Risk Analysis


Risk Assessment

Risk Management
Risk Communication

Risk Assesment

Risk Assesment
Characterisation of the recombinant GM plant, donor organism, genetic modification and expression Assessment of toxicity and allergeneity Compositional analyses Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA)

Risk Management

Risk Management
Assessment of the scientific risks must be coupled with appropriate research-based risk management The process, distinct from risk assessment, of weighing policy alternatives, in consultation with all interested parties, considering risk assessment and other factors relevant for the health protection of consumers and for the promotion of fair trade practices, and, if needed, selecting appropriate prevention and control options. (definition of risk management from FAO Glossary of Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture )

Risk Management
Risk management measures should be proportional to the risk, based on the outcome of the risk assessment and, where relevant, taking into account other legitimate factors It should be recognized that different risk management measures may be capable of achieving the same level of protection

Risk Management
Risk managers should take into account the uncertainties identified in the risk assessment and implement appropriate measures to manage these uncertainties Risk management measures may include, as appropriate, food labelling8 conditions for marketing approvals and post-market monitoring.

Risk Management
Post-market monitoring may be an appropriate risk management measure in specific circumstances. Its need and utility should be considered, on a case-by-case basis, during risk assessment and its practicability should be considered during risk management

Risk Management
Post-market monitoring may be undertaken for the purpose of verifying conclusions about the absence or the possible occurrence, impact and significance of potential effects and monitoring changes associated with the introduction Specific tools may be needed to facilitate the implementation and enforcement of risk management measures.

Risk Communication

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