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what is the meaning of the user exit in the module sap-hcm

hi all of you please tell me what is the meaning of the user exit in sap-hr.for which purpose it can be use? what is the configuration of this one?thanking you
User exits are small program written to change the nature of large program.

Hi Jamuna, Further to what Samriddhi has quoted, User Exits are places in the SAP standard code that are designed to insert code by the customer. It happens often that some values are set by default by SAP but are not appropriate for the business. In a user exit (or enhancement) you can correct this.... Below Process will help you to identify USER EXITS in SAP.

01. Run Transaction SE81 and Select PA-PA 02. From the Menu Click on Edit and Select the option u2018Select Subtreee +/-u2018 03. From the Menu bar click on Information system 04. From the R/3 Repository information System; go to Enhancements >> Customer Exits >> Enhancements 05. Press F8 or execute..... 06. Double-click on the any of the Exit Name to identify the applicable Function module. The list that pops-up relates to exits for PA - Personnel Administration.. you may check for others as well.... Good Luck !! Kumarpal Jain. thank you for giving the solution.i will verify that then i will tell you .

Hi, User exits are reserved places in the regular SAP program code, into which user can insert his ABAP logic. They are generally implemented if the standard functionality and configuration does not meet the requirement. User exits are implemented via t-code CMOD. In HCM, we generally use user exits to default infotype fields, or make another infotype to be filled on updation of an infotype. Regards, Dilek

user exit
In computer software, a user exit is a place in a software program where a customer can arrange for their own tailor-made program to be called. In the R/3 system from SAP, a user exit is contrasted with a customer exit and allows a customer's developer to access program components and data objects within the R/3 system. In R/3, some user exits use Include statements to include customer program enhancements that are called from the program. Other user exits use tables that are accessed through customization. Related glossary terms: R/3, ERM (enterprise resource management), ERP (enterprise resource planning), suite, Direct R/3, R/2

R/3 is the comprehensive set of integrated business applications from SAP, the German company that states it is the market and technology leader in business application software. R/3 replaced an earlier system, R/2, which is still in use. R/3 uses the client/server model and provides the ability to store, retrieve, analyze, and process in many ways corporate data for financial analysis, production operation, human resource management, and most other business processes. A recent release of R/3 makes it possible to get to the R/3 database and applications through Internet access and Web browsers. A sales representative can initiate the workflow for a sales order by filling out an electronic form on a laptop that will be "translated" into input for the R/3

system. Other interfaces such as Lotus Notes can also be used. The Web implementation adheres to the Workflow Client API standard of the Workflow Management Coalition (WfMC). A more recent version of R/3 adds features designed to speed product delivery by helping to manage the supply chain. Definition

R/2 is a set of coordinated business applications from SAP, a German company that introduced the product in 1979. R/2 gained popularity until the mid-1990s, when it was superseded by the more capable R/3 product, later updated by mySAP.com. To some extent, R/2 is still in use. Now more than 20 years old, R/2 continues to be supported by SAP, although support is expected to decline. Using Application Link Enabled (ALE) technology, R/2 systems can share data with R/3 and mySAP.com-equipped systems. However, SAP says that it may more costeffective to migrate to R/3 rather than to stay with R/2, because of the improved support and expanded features available with the current product. Related glossary terms: Application Link Enabling (ALE) Definition

Direct R/3
Direct R/3 is a partnership program between Dell Computer Corporation and the software company SAP that allows customers to use Dell's commercial Web site to order Dell products with pre-bundled, pre-configured AcceleratedSAP (ASAP) R/3 products. Under the Direct Dell marketing model, there are no middlemen involved in customer sales or service; customers have direct access to Dell and SAP support both online and on-site. The goal of Direct R/3 is to speed up the implementation of enterprise resource planning (ERP) software applications for small and medium-sized enterprises.

ERM (enterprise resource management)

1) ERM (enterprise resource management) describes software that lets an enterprise manage user access to its network resources efficiently. ERM software generally lets a user sign on to different enterprise systems and applications using the same password. ERM software makes it easy for the enterprise to control and keep track of which systems and resources each user has access to, and provides consistent standards for creating and changing passwords. One system administrator can usually manage user access to all platforms - UNIX, mainframe, Windows NT, and so forth - and to the applications on these platforms that require controlled access.

2) ERM (enterprise resource management) also describes software that manages all of a company's assets and resources, including such basic applications as general ledger, accounts payable and receivable, as well as manufacturing, inventory, and human resources.

ERP (enterprise resource planning)

ERP (enterprise resource planning) is an industry term for the broad set of activities that helps a business manage the important parts of its business. The information made available through an ERP system provides visibility for key performance indicators (KPIs) required for meeting corporate objectives. ERP software applications can be used to manage product planning, parts purchasing, inventories, interacting with suppliers, providing customer service, and tracking orders. ERP can also include application modules for the finance and human resources aspects of a business. Typically, an ERP system uses or is integrated with a relational database system. The deployment of an ERP system can involve considerable business process analysis, employee retraining, and new work procedures. Rebecca Gill, vice president of Technology Group International says: "For almost twenty years we have had people ask for demonstration copies of our ERP software, so they may play with it at their leisure. For years we have said no and we've done so with good reason. An ERP package is an advanced system. It isn't Microsoft Office and it isn't an iPhone. You can't simply turn it on and expect it to run without training."