Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 33

Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |


| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Arabic Course Vocabulary/
Flashcards Tests
Forum Bookshop Tuition Services
Lesson 27 _=| _ ,.| . = - |
The Maqr, Manq and Mamdd Nouns - . = | , | _, = | , =v

Introduction - -`= -
In this lesson, we will study the nouns that end with vowels In-Sh-Allh (God-Willing). The vowels
are described as weak letters that cannot have diacritic signs (e.g. ammah, fatah, kasrah,
sukn). The importance of this is that these words do not change in the physical sense in different
cases e.g. the word is said to have an assumed Kasrah even though in reality it has no Kasrah
visible.
The weak letters in the Arabic language are () "alif", () "ww", and () "y'". We will find that
some Arabic nouns end with an alif maqrah, and are therefore called (` _, = - ` , =) "maqr
noun or ism maqr" [a noun ending with a long alif /-/]. Look at the examples below, pay
particular attention to coloured words in the 2nd and 3rd examples which would normally end with
a Kasrah on the last letter but have no vowel mark:
aara Muaf il al-mustashf
Mustafa came to the hospital.
= - _ = = - _ = . ' _ | ,
satazru ukht Hud Pars
My sister Huda will visit Paris.
_ -| _ = ; = , _ ,
yalisu ab al al-maqh
_ - _ , | , _ , |
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
1 of 4 24/03/2010 10:39
My father sits at a caf.
Some Arabic nouns end with the letter () (y) /-/ and are called (` , - ` , =) "manq noun
or ism manq" [a noun ending with the long vowel '-']. The same rule as discussed above
regarding diacritical marks applies here. Notice for example that normally the word in the first
sentence below would have a ammah as it is in the nominative case (as it is the subject of a verbal
sentence) please view the examples below:
= - _ = | , -
aara al-q mubakkira-n
The judge came early.
= ,| _ | - | , -
al-thawbu al-ghl amlu-n
The expensive garment is beautiful.
_ - | , = . =
ismu akh Shd
My brother is called Shadi
There is a third type of noun, which does not end with a vowel but with a () "hamzah" [glottal
stop], which is a semi-weak letter. This type of nouns is called (` . = - ` , =) "mamdd noun, or
ism mamdd" [a noun ending with a hamzah () preceded by a long alif]
` ., = , - =|
al-awwu nahfu-n fi a-ar
Air is clean in the desert.
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
2 of 4 24/03/2010 10:39
_ - | , = . -
Ismu ukht asn
My sister's name is Hasn
- ,, - = | _ _
Hdhih aqbatu-n zarqu
This is a blue bag
We will also learn how we can write the dual and plural of these numerals In-Sh-Allh (God
Willing). For example:
Plural in the
nominative
case
_ |
g, |
Plural in the
accusative
and genitive
cases
_-
=,='
_=
Dual in the
nominative
case
_ |
g, |
Dual in the
accusative and
genitive cases
_ |
=, = |
_ |
Type
, - ,
Word
- |
. , = = -
Musafawna
, = = -
Musafayna
. , = = -
Musafayni
_ , = = -
Musafayayni
` _, = -
Maqr
_ = = -
Musaf
., = |
Qdna
_ = |
Qna
., = |
Qiyni
, , = |
Qiyayni
` , -
Manq
= | _
Q
. ,
Bannni
_ ,
Bannni
. ,
Bannni
, ,
Bannayni
` . = -
Mamdd
,
Bann
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
3 of 4 24/03/2010 10:39
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Madinaharabic.com - Arabic Language Course
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
4 of 4 24/03/2010 10:39
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Arabic Course Vocabulary/
Flashcards Tests
Forum Bookshop Tuition Services
Lesson 27 _=| _ ,.| . = - |
The Maqr, Manq and Mamdd Nouns - . = | , | _, = | , =v

The maqr noun - _, = | , =v
In Arabic we call a noun that fulfils the following criteria a Maqr noun [a noun ending with a long
fatah '-']:
The noun ends with the alif Maqrah (e.g. _ = -)
The letter before the alif Maqrah has a fatah on it.
The noun is a declinable noun (` = - - ` , =). Thus, the word (_ -) "al' is not a maqr
noun, because it is a preposition, not a noun. The same also applies to the word (_ - . ,)
"yas" because it is a verb and the demonstrative noun ( = ) "hdh" because it is an
indeclinable noun.
We have learnt that when a word is affected by declension as a result of a certain rule in grammar,
the last letter is normally affected by taking a certain diacritical mark (e.g. fatah, ammah,
kasrah). For example, al al maktabi upon the table, al maktabi takes a Kasrah on the last
letter because it is preceded by a preposition (ala meaning on).
However, in this lesson we learn that in certain cases there is an assumed declension i.e we
assume that the word is in a certain case but we do not see the physical Kasrah as the example
above shows. This may appear to be a difficult concept to grasp but it is quite simple i.e. we do
not put the normal diacritical mark on the letter but we assume that it is there.
The diacritical signs of declension are assumed and do not appear on the long Alif of the maqr
noun. For example:
_= - - = , ` g, -
Murtada attended the
= - _ = -
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
1 of 3 24/03/2010 10:39
, . . , |,
It is nominative case with an
assumed ammah (not
visible)
meeting.
g -v
aara Murta al-itima

_= - - , ` =, = -
, . . , |,
It is accusative case with an
assumed fatah
I saw Murtada in the school.
. , | _ _ = - _
- = _ = |
Raaytu Murta fi
al-Madrasah

_= - . , ` _ -
, . . , |,
It is genitive case with an
assumed kasrah
I went with Murtada to the
club.
_ - . , . _ = - _ | ,
.|
A dhahabtu maa Murta
il al-nd
The word Murta is a masculine noun in the nominative case in the first sentence. The sign of the
nominative case is an assumed ammah, because it is the verb doer i.e. the subject of the verbal
sentence.
In the second sentence, the same word is in the accusative case because it is the object of the
verbal sentence i.e. the thing / person upon which the action is done. In the third sentence the
word is in the genitive case. In all of them, the sign of declension is ( _= -) "muqaddarah"
assumed or virtual. This means that the three signs are not spoken and this is called (` = - ,
, = ) "irb taqdr", i.e. assumed or virtual declension that is, it does not appear on the
word-final.
This applies to all maqr nouns. For example:
Picture Sentence
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
2 of 3 24/03/2010 10:39
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
. - _ = , -
nmat salm mubakkiratan
Salma slept early.
_ - | = _ , |
hdhihi ukht layl
This is my sister Layla.
, . , ,| ; | - = v
al-baytu huwa maw al-usrah
Home is the shelter of the family.
_ - | , = _ =, -
ismu akh mus
My brother's name is Musa.

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Madinaharabic.com - Arabic Language Course
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
3 of 3 24/03/2010 10:39
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Arabic Course Vocabulary/
Flashcards Tests
Forum Bookshop Tuition Services
Lesson 27 _=| _ ,.| . = - |
The Maqr, Manq and Mamdd Nouns - . = | , | _, = | , =v

Exercise - ` ., _ =
In this section we will have multiple questions to test your understanding of the principles we have
learnt In-Sh'-Allh (God willing).
Click () under the correct option related to each of the following sentences. Upon completing all
the questions, click on the Mark button to see the correct answers and obtain your mark.
c | . , - ,, | ` _, = - - , v = v |
The sentence above says: "Which nouns of the following are Maqr and which are not?
Mark Reset
Choices
Nouns
Maqsuur
` _, = -
Not Maqsuur
` _, = - , -

_ ,|
/ab/
My father

; ,
/Fatw/
Religious advisory opinion
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
1 of 2 24/03/2010 10:39
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

; , = _
/raw/
A female proper name

, .
/duny/
Life

_ = -
/mash/
He walked

_ =|
a/l-u/
Forenoon

. =
/shd/
A proper name

- |
/fimah/
A female proper name

.|
/an-nd/
Culb

_ -
/'alaa/
On - above
Mark Reset

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Madinaharabic.com - Arabic Language Course
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
2 of 2 24/03/2010 10:39
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Arabic Course Vocabulary/
Flashcards Tests
Forum Bookshop Tuition Services
Lesson 27 _=| _ ,.| . = - |
The Maqr, Manq and Mamdd Nouns - . = | , | _, = | , =v

The manq noun - ,' ,=v
The declinable noun (` = - - , =) ending with the letter () "y" /-/ preceded by a short kasrah
is called (` , - ` , =) "manq noun". That is, it is a noun ending with a long y /-/ preceded
by a short kasrah, such as s (_ - =), q (_ = |), ghl (_ | -), etc. These are the same
conditions that we described above in section 2 relating to the Maqr noun.
The diacritical signs of declension only appear when the manq noun is in the accusative case. For
example:
Sentence Transliteration Translation
. , |_ _ =| - , = '
raytu q-a al-madnah I saw the judge of the city
If the manq noun is in the nominative or genitive cases, the diacritical signs (ammah in the
nominative and kasrah in the genitive cases) do not appear. For example:
Sentence Transliteration Translation Declension = - ,
- _ = | -, = |
a q al-madnah
The judge of the
city came.
` g, -
Nominative
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
1 of 4 24/03/2010 10:40
. , , = _ = |
hdh baytu al-q

This is the
judge's house.
` _ -
Genitive
The letter () "y" /-/ is always omitted in the manq noun except in the following three cases:
1- When it is preceded by definite article (,) "al-":
- _ = |
a al-q
The judge came.
2- When it is (` = = -) "muf" (annexed) (the first part of a construct phrase:
- _ = | -, = |
a q al-madnah
The judge of the city came.

3- When it comes in the accusative case with the diacritical sign of short fatah:
. , | _ , = |
Raaytu qiya-n
I saw a judge.
In cases other than the three mentioned above, the () "y" of the manq noun is omitted, and it
is written with tanwn (an un-voweled nn at the end of a noun). For example:

- ` g,
Nominative
` =, = -
Accusative
` _ -
Genitive
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
2 of 4 24/03/2010 10:40
Definite,
prefixed with
(,)
= _ = |
hdh al-q
This is the judge.
_ , | _ _ .|
zara ab al-nd
My father visited the
club.
. , , = _ = |
hdh baytu al-q
This is the judge's home.
Annexed
(muf)
Not prefixed
with (,)
= _ = | - , = |
hdh q al-madnah
This is the city's judge.
. - | | .
=|
ana uibbu ndiya
al-shams
I love al-Shams Club.
= _ - . , = ,=|
marartu bi-nd a-aydi
I passed by the Shooting
Club.
Indefinite,
without (,),
and not
annexed
= |
hdh qi-n
This is a judge.
_ - | ;| _ , . _ ,
raa akh nadiya-n
kabra-n
My brother saw a big
club.
= _ - . , _ ,
marartu bindi-n kabri-n
I passed by a big club.
In column 1 (examples on the nominative), the ammah does not appear on the word ( | _ = ) "al
q" (the judge) in the first sentence, but we write the letter () "y" because the manq noun
is prefixed with the definite (,) "al-".
In the second sentence of this column: ( - , = | _ = | = ) the ammah does not appear on the
word (_ = |) "q" (judge), because it is an annexing noun.
In the third sentence of the first column: ( | = ) "hdh qi-n" (This is a judge), the y is
omitted because the word "q" is indefinite (not prefixed with (,)), and not annexing to another
noun.
What has been said about the nominative case in which the diacritical sign ammah is assumed or
virtual is also applied to the genitive case, so the diacritical sign of kasrah is assumed. The omission
of the final-word () "y" /-/ depends on whether the word is definite, indefinite, or annexed.
The accusative case is the only different case where the diacritical sign fatah appears on the
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
3 of 4 24/03/2010 10:40
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
manq noun. The final-word () "y" /-/ in the manq noun is always written. This is because
the () is omitted when the manq noun is indefinite, not annexed, or not in the accusative case
ending with the short fatah. But when it ends with the short fatah, the letter () is written,
even if the word is not annexed or indefinite. Consider examples no. (2):
' ,' -, ` =, = -
accusative and definite
_ , | _ _ .|
zara ab al-ndiy-a
My father visited the club.
' ,' -, , | = - , | ` =, = -
In the accusative and indefinite
_ - | ;| _ , . _ ,
ra akh ndiya-n kabra-n
My brother saw a big club.
` = = - ` =, = -
In the accusative and annexed
. - | | . =|
an uibbu ndiya al-shams
I love al-Shams Club.
' ,' -, , | = - , | ` =, = -
In the accusative, indefinite and not annexed
_ , | ; | _ , . _ ,
ra ab ndiya-n kabra-n
My father saw a big club.

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Madinaharabic.com - Arabic Language Course
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
4 of 4 24/03/2010 10:40
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Arabic Course Vocabulary/
Flashcards Tests
Forum Bookshop Tuition Services
Lesson 27 _=| _ ,.| . = - |
The Maqr, Manq and Mamdd Nouns - . = | , | _, = | , =v

Exercise - ` ., _ =
In this section we will have multiple questions to test your understanding of the principles we have
learnt In-Sh'-Allh (God willing).
Click () under the correct option related to each of the following sentences. Upon completing all
the questions, click on the Mark button to see the correct answers and obtain your mark.
c | . , - ,, | ` , - - , v = v |
The sentence above says: "Which nouns of the following are Manq and which are not?
Mark Reset
Choices
Nouns
Manquus
` , -
Not Manquus
, - , -

_=|
/q/
Judge

_ = . -
/mustashf/
Hospital
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
1 of 2 24/03/2010 10:40
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

- _
/ra/
Hope

.|
/an-nd/
The club

_ . ,
/pakistniyy/
Pakistanian

.:,
/bild/
My country

_ - .
/d/
Caller or inviter

_ , -
/hayaati/
My life

; =
/hud/
A female proper name

.
/hd/
Quite
Mark Reset

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Madinaharabic.com - Arabic Language Course
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
2 of 2 24/03/2010 10:40
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Arabic Course Vocabulary/
Flashcards Tests
Forum Bookshop Tuition Services
Lesson 27 _=| _ ,.| . = - |
The Maqr, Manq and Mamdd Nouns - . = | , | _, = | , =v

The mamdd noun - . = | , =v
The mamdd noun (` . = - ` , =) is a singular noun ending with a hamzah () preceded by a long
alif. Being a singular means that the words ( . ) "nis", ( , |) "ahw" and ( ,) "b", for
instance, are not mamdd nouns, because they are plural. Before we discuss the the rules for
mamdd nouns, let us look at some examples of these nouns:
Transliteration Translation
. = | , =v
sar Desert
=
bay White
= , ,
hasn Pretty
. -
khar Green
= -
Here we should note that the letter hamzah () is not a ( - - = -) "arfu illah" (defective/weak
letter), but it is a semi-weak letter, because it comes after a long alif, which is similar to the
defective letters:
As for the declension of the masculine mamdd noun, the three diacritical signs appear on it. Here
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
1 of 3 24/03/2010 10:40
we should highlight two important points: the mamdd noun may be a masculine, such as ( ,)
"bann" (builder) and ( |) "qarr" (reciter) and here the noun must be declinable like the
ordinary singular noun, i.e. the short ammah, fatah and kasrah will appear in the nominative,
accusative and genitive cases, respectively. For example:
- |
Sentence
_ - |
Meaning
= - ,
Declension
- -: - |
Diacritical sign
= | . |
hdh qarru-n lil-qurn
This is a reciter of the
Qur'an
` g, -
Nominative
-=|
ammah
. - | | . |
uhibbu qurra al-qurn
I love the Qur'an reciters.
` =, = -
Accusative
- |
fatah
_ - . - , =`, -
amiltu maa bananai-n ayid
I worked with a new
builder
` _ -
Genitive
. |
kasrah
But if the mamdd noun is feminine, such as ( =) "sar", ( = -) "khar" and ( = , ,)
"bay"; here the long alif is called ( . = | ., || . | |) or the feminine long alif. The noun
in this case will be a diptote ( = =| - ` g, -) "mamu-n mina a-arf" or prohibited from
variation, and therefore the diacritical signs will be the ammah for the nominative case and the
fatah for both the accusative and genitive cases. But (like all diptotes) it can be in the genitive
case with the diacritical sign kasrah in case it is (` = = -) (annexing) or prefixed with definite (,).
Let us review some examples below:
- |
Sentence
_ - |
Meaning
= - ,
Declension
= - , - -: -
Diacritical sign
= = - . -
g - v
Hasn attended the
meeting.
` g, -
Nominative
-=|
ammah
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
2 of 3 24/03/2010 10:40
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
aarat asnu al-itima
. , | _ =| - , , - |
raaytu al-ara
al-gharbiyyata
I visited the Western
Desert.
` =, = -
Accusative
- |
Fatah
`_ | _ | , . , .
= , | , = , ,
dhahabtu il al-ai
biathwbi-n baya
I went to perform
Ha with white
clothes.
` _ -
Genitive
- |
Fatah
= , v - ` _ = -
= , ,|
indi kathru-n mina
al-athwbi al-bayi
I have many white
clothes.
` _ -
Genitive
. |
Kasrah
_ . |, =
-, ., -.|
taawwaltu fi ari
al-sadiyyati
I roamed in the
Saudi desert.
` _ -
Genitive
. |
Kasrah

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Madinaharabic.com - Arabic Language Course
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
3 of 3 24/03/2010 10:40
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Arabic Course Vocabulary/
Flashcards Tests
Forum Bookshop Tuition Services
Lesson 27 _=| _ ,.| . = - |
The Maqr, Manq and Mamdd Nouns - . = | , | _, = | , =v

Exercise - ` ., _ =
In this section we will have multiple questions to test your understanding of the principles we have
learnt In-Sh'-Allh (God willing).
Click () under the correct option related to each of the following sentences. Upon completing all
the questions, click on the Mark button to see the correct answers and obtain your mark.
c | . , - ,, | ` . = - - , v = v |
The sentence above says: "Which nouns of the following are Mamdd and which are not?
Mark Reset
Choices
Nouns
Mamduud
` . = -
Not Mamduud
. = - , -

.v|
awld
Boys

,
/ab/
Fathers
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
1 of 2 24/03/2010 10:40
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

;,||
/aqw/
More powerful

=
/sam/
Sky

=
/Sahraa'/
Desert

: ,
/bal/
Affliction - trial

.
/nis/
Women

-, ,
/babbagh/
Parrot

,
/bann/
Builder

,
/haw/
Air
Mark Reset

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Madinaharabic.com - Arabic Language Course
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
2 of 2 24/03/2010 10:40
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Arabic Course Vocabulary/
Flashcards Tests
Forum Bookshop Tuition Services
Lesson 27 _=| _ ,.| . = - |
The Maqr, Manq and Mamdd Nouns - . = | , | _, = | , =v

The Dual and the Plural of the Maqr, Manq and mamdd nouns
In the previous parts we studied everything about the maqr, manq and mamdd nouns when
they are singular. Now we will study how to transform these nouns into the dual and plural
In-Sh-Allh.
1- Maqr Noun
The dual: A.
To transform a maqr noun into the dual case, we look at the root of the word. It has two
probabilities:
If the noun is trilateral (consists of three letters) the final Alif has to be turned
back to its root (ww) or (ya) from which it was converted. This is depending on
the lexical origin of the final Alif of the word (the long alif in any Arabic word is
not a lexical letter, so it must be converted from ww or y. The advanced
practice of the derivatives helps to find the origin from which the Alif was
converted, otherwise we need to look it up in the dictionary. After transforming
the final Alif to its root the noun should be suffixed with ( .) "-ani" in the
nominative case, and ( ,) "-yni" in the accusative and genitive cases. Consider
the following examples:
, =v g, | _ | =, = | _ | _ |
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
1 of 6 24/03/2010 10:40
Noun Nominative dual Accusative and genitive dual
; =
Hud
. , =
Hudayn-i
, , =
Hudayayn-i
= -
a
., = -
awni
, , = -
aawayni
If the word is Non-triliteral (consists of more than three letters) the final long alif
"-" must be transformed into () "y" and the noun be suffixed with ( .) "-ani"
in the nominative case, and ( ,) "-yni" in the accusative and genitive cases, as in
the following examples:
, =v
Noun
g, | _ |
Nominative dual
=, = | _ | _ |
Accusative and genitive dual
_ = = -
Musaf
., = = -
Musafayn-i
, , = = -
Musafayayn-i
_ = . -
Mustashf
., = . -
Mustashfayn-i
_ , = . -
Mustashfayayn-i
The Masculine Plural: B.
If we transform the maqr singular noun into masculine plural, the long alif must be
omitted and replaced with the masculine plural ending, and a short vowel (a) remains
before the plural suffix to indicate the omitted long alif. See the following example:
_, = | , =v
Maqr noun
` g, - ` _ -
Nominative plural
| ` =, = - ` _ -
` _ -
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
2 of 6 24/03/2010 10:40
Accusative or genitive plural
` , =, _ = = - ` = - ,
Mutaf (masculine)
. , = = -
Mutaf-na
, = = -
Muafayna
The feminine plural: C.
If we transform the maqr singular noun into feminine plural, we look at the root of the
word. It has two probabilities:
If the noun is trilateral (consists of three letters), such as (; = ) "hud" and
( = -) "a", the long alif must be turned to its original root from which it
converted (i.e. ww or y() or () depending on the lexical origin of the final
Alif of the word, then we add the feminine plural suffix. Consider the following
examples:
_, = | , =v
Maqr noun
` g, - ` _ -
Nominative plural
` _ - | ` =, = - ` _ -
Accusative or genitive plural
, . - ` , =, ; =
Hud (feminine)
` = , =
Hudaytu-n
= , =
Hudayti-n
, . - ` , =, = -
a (feminine)
` = , = -
aawtu-n
= , = -
aawti-n
If the Maqr noun is more than three letters, the long alif must be transformed
to y, then we add the feminine plural sign. Consider the following example:
_, = | , =v
Maqr noun
` g, - ` _ -
Nominative plural
` _ - | ` =, = - ` _ -
Accusative or genitive plural
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
3 of 6 24/03/2010 10:40
, . - ` , =, ; ,
Naw (feminine)
` =, ,
Nawaytun
=, ,
Nawaytin
2- Manq noun
The manq noun ends with a (), (i.e. a long y) preceded by a short kasrah, such as ( _ = | ,(
) _ . ) ,( _ = | ). In the dual the noun does not change, but dual sign is suffixed to it. In the plural
form the final long vowel (y) has to be omitted, and replaced with the plural suffix. If the plural is
masculine, the suffix has to be preceded by a ammah in the nominative case, and a kasrah in the
accusative or genitive cases, for the convenience. For example:
, =v
Noun
g, | _ |
Nominative dual
=, = | _ |
_ |
Accusative and
genitive dual
g, | _ |
Nominative plural
=, = | _ |
_ |
Accusative and
genitive plural
_ = |
q
., = |
qiyn-i
, , = |
qiyayn-i
., = |
qn-a
_ = |
qn-a
_ = |
q
., = |
qiyn-i
, , = |
qiyayn-i
., = |
qn-a
_ = |
qn-a
_ .
dn
, . .
dniyn-i
, , .
dniyayn-i
., .
dann-a
_ .
dann-a
3- Mamdd noun
The mamdd noun (` . = - ` , =) is a singular noun ending with a hamzah () preceded by a long
alif, such as ( , ) "bann", ( |) "qarr", ( =) "ar" and ( =) "sam". There are
three rules for dual and plural forms, as follows:
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
4 of 6 24/03/2010 10:40
o If the hamzah is part of the origin of the word, such as ( |) "qarr", which is taken from the verb
( | |) "qaraa" the hamzah will not change, as follows:
, =v
Noun
g, | _ |
Nominative dual
_ |
=, = |
_ |
Accusative and
genitive dual
_ |
g, |
Nominative plural
_ |
=, = |
_ |
Accusative and
genitive plural
|
qarr
. |
qarrn-i
, |
qarrayn-i
. |
qarrn-a
_ |
qarrn-a
If the hamzah's origin is (), such as ( =) "sam" because it is derived from the verb
(, . , . =) the hamzah changes into () (i.e. it turns to its root), as follows:
, =v
Noun
_ |
g, |
Nominative dual
_ |
=, = |
_ |
Accusative and
genitive dual
_ |
g, |
Nominative
plural
=, = | _ |
_ |
Accusative and
genitive plural
=
sam
. =
samwan
, =
samwyn-i
` = =
samwtu-n
_ -, = =
,` , | = . -
Samwti-n (intact
feminine plural)
If the hamzah is a feminine sign (i.e. it is not a part of the root of the noun, rather it is an
augmented letter as a feminine ending), such as ( =) and ( . -), the previous
two rules can be applied (facultatively) in this case. We can say ( . =) or
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
5 of 6 24/03/2010 10:40
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
( . =), and so the rest of mamdd nouns where the hamzah is a feminine sign. For
example:
, =v
Noun
_ |
g, |
Nominative dual
_ |
=, = |
_ |
Accusative and
genitive dual
_ |
g, |
Nominative
plural
_ |
=, = |
_ |
Accusative and
genitive plural
=
ar
. =
arni
, =
aryni
` = =
artu-n
= =
arti-n
. =
arwni
, =
arwayni
` = =
arwtu-n
= =
arwti-n
. -
asn
. . -
asnni
, . -
asnayni
. - ` =
asntu-n
. - =
asnti-n
. . -
asnwni
, . -
asnwayni
. - ` =
asnwtu-n
. - =
asnwti-n

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Madinaharabic.com - Arabic Language Course
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
6 of 6 24/03/2010 10:40
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Arabic Course Vocabulary/
Flashcards Tests
Forum Bookshop Tuition Services
Lesson 27 _=| _ ,.| . = - |
The Maqr, Manq and Mamdd Nouns - . = | , | _, = | , =v

Exercise - ` ., _ =
In this section we will have multiple questions to test your understanding of the principles we have
learnt In-Sh'-Allh (God-Willing). To answer the questions:
o Type the complete answer for the following questions by selecting the question and using the
on-screen keyboard or your actual keyboard.
o Use the Shift key to enter characters on the upper portions of the letters and use full
diacritics in your answers e.g. fathah, kasrah, sukn etc.
o Do not use diacritics in the following cases:
The Alif followed by laam , (while the laam itself can be signed with a vowel)
The laam followed by alif v (while the Alif itself can be signed when it comes with
hamzah).
Do not put the small Alif on words like =.
Do not put diacritics on long vowels.
o Upon completion of all questions, click on the Mark button to see the correct answer and to
get your mark.
For more instructions click here.
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
1 of 2 24/03/2010 10:40
Example
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
- , || = v - | _ | _ | .
The Arabic sentence above means "write the dual and the plural of each of the following nouns.
Please separate each of the two forms dual and plural with a space.
Note that there are masculine nouns only, such as ( ; , | | ) ,( _ = = - ) and (_ = |) regarding
which you are required to find out the masculine dual and plural forms only. There are also some
feminine words only, such as ( ; , = _ ) ,( , . ), and (; = - =). Others are masculine in the singular
and dual forms but feminine in the plural, such as (_ = . -).
Mark Reset
; , = _
` = , , = _ . , , = _
; = - =
_ = = - ,
_ = | ; =
, -
Mark Reset

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Madinaharabic.com - Arabic Language Course
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
2 of 2 24/03/2010 10:40
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Arabic Course Vocabulary/
Flashcards Tests
Forum Bookshop Tuition Services
Lesson 27 _=| _ ,.| . = - |
The Maqr, Manq and Mamdd Nouns - . = | , | _, = | , =v

General Exercise ; - ` ., _ =
In this section we will have multiple questions to test your understanding of the principles we have
learnt In-Sh'-Allh (God-Willing). To answer the questions:
o Type the complete answer for the following questions by selecting the question and using the
on-screen keyboard or your actual keyboard.
o Use the Shift key to enter characters on the upper portions of the letters and use full
diacritics in your answers e.g. fathah, kasrah, sukn etc.
o Do not use diacritics in the following cases:
The Alif followed by laam , (while the laam itself can be signed with a vowel)
The laam followed by alif v (while the Alif itself can be signed when it comes with
hamzah).
Do not put the small Alif on words like =.
Do not put diacritics on long vowels.
o Upon completion of all questions, click on the Mark button to see the correct answer and to
get your mark.
For more instructions click here.
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
1 of 3 24/03/2010 10:41
Example
. = | | , ' | _, = | , =v, - , v | | . = |
The Arabic sentence above means "Complete the following sentences with the suitable Maqr,
Manq or Mamdd nouns.
Mark Reset
_- _, ........ . ,.'
The Muslim is always ..good
(seeking)
g =
...... _ - _ , | -
My father sits at
(caf)
= v ....... , . , ,|
Home is the.of the family
(shelter)
,, ,, - ......... ==
Muhammad is.than Ibrahim
(stronger)
g -v ......... = -
.... attended the meeting
(Murtada)
......... _ |, , ' . .
The patient was admitted to the
(hospital)
-= _, ........... = -
The reached the court
(judge)
; , , ......... _, . . |
I go to the every day
(club)
= - ............. ` =, =
This garment is very ..
(expensive)
.......... - ,, - =
This bag is.
(black)
.......... - = -| _ = | | =
I will spend the holiday in the
..
(desert)
........... - = ' ,
Rain fell from the.
(sky)
=`, - ............. -| = ........... , , - . ,|
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
2 of 3 24/03/2010 10:41
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
This man is a good.
(builder)
The girl's eyes are
(blue)
Mark Reset

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Madinaharabic.com - Arabic Language Course
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
3 of 3 24/03/2010 10:41
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Arabic Course Vocabulary/
Flashcards Tests
Forum Bookshop Tuition Services
Lesson 27 _=| _ ,.| . = - |
The Maqr, Manq and Mamdd Nouns - . = | , | _, = | , =v

Revision - - - -
Vocabulary Revision = . | - - - -
English Arabic English Arabic
Religious edict
; ,
The club
.|

World
, .
Expensive
_ | -
Walk
_ = -
Judge
|
Shelter
; | -
Distant
|
Hope
- _
Beautiful
. -
High
_ | -|
Caf
_ , |
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
1 of 2 24/03/2010 10:41
Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Calm
.
The forenoon
_ =|
My life
_ , -
My country
.: ,
desert
=
Black
. , = - . , = |
Blue
| _ _ - 3 _ _ |
White
, , | \ = , ,
Green
= - - = - |
Red
- - - |
The kings
=, |
Hospital
_ = . -
The valley
. , |
Valley of the kings
=, | .
Now that you have covered this lesson, please also try some of the additional features we have
including:
o Discussion Forum Discuss the grammatical topics learnt and any areas of confusion.
o Vocabulary Flashcards Practice your vocabulary by category.
o Questions Flashcards Practice questions related to the grammatical topics covered in the
lessons.
We will be updating the features above to help you throughout the course In-Sh-Allh (God
willing).


Next Lesson
| Home | Support Us | Printable E-book | Downloadable Website | Podcasts | User Materials |
| Low Bandwidth Website | Receive Updates | Report Errors | About Us | Contact Us | Help | FAQs |
Madinaharabic.com - Arabic Language Course
Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...
2 of 2 24/03/2010 10:41