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s

education.

UU

fSXIYfSX
QSXffSX

Afbf ffaOZX

UPSC

fe fSXeff
WXffZ fYe IYffe,
ffdfffe fWXfSXfXff
fifaOX Afdffff
dQfcf fZfZ.
ffffffff IAS,
IPS fe fSXeff
WXffZf UPSC fe
fSXeff AfZ fZ
ffeIYSXf fffZ AfWZX,
fZ fcff fbIYefZ
AfWZX. fffff fZfff
WXMXfffiff IZYief
fIYfZff Afff ff
AfZIY fSXeff f
ffaf`IYe fffSXe fZff
fSXeff WXffZf IAS,
IPS fSXeff WXe IZYfT
EIY fSXeff AfWZX.
fSXfNXe dffffffZ
UPSC fSXf fff
ffffff BXfSX
fSXeffadfffe ffffe
WXffe, WXf fZfffffef
ffff AfWZX.

IY...
IYdSXASXff
fiVf-CXfSX
fif. fVfeSX ffYRY

IYdSXASX fff fffQVfIY

fQffffZ BadfdfASX WXffffNXe


ffffffSXf fffff, fffffQf, fidVfff
IYfffffe, RYe f Afffe fXf IYVfe
AffZ?
- fIYSaXQ ffMXef, ASaXffffQ.
CXfSX : AfQe fYf ffff fQfff AdfIYfSXe
ffffffNXe fbffffT ffffTf ff dNXIYffe
kdQ fZWXf IYfgfZf AfgRY BadfdfASXXf,
ffffTfl fZfZ QZVfffef EIY CXIYMX
BadfdfASXXf IYfgfZf AfWZX. ff fiIYfSXfZ
AfdVffffef EIYfZf IYfgfZf AfWZX. ff
IYfgfZfffcf AdfIYfSXe ff fffSX IZYff fff,
f fSXef/ BfZdMXIYf/ BfZMXfgdff/
AgSXffgdMXIYf dIaYff fZWXf AfdIYMZXfSXffZ
fQfe fZDY VfIYf.
CXfZQffSXfff Jffef AMXe fcf IYSXfff
ffffff.
ffSXfef fffdSXIYf.
AdfffdWXf fbYf.
ff rw fZ rz ffZ.
Vf`fdfIY fffff, rs fe, fefeEf xq MXIZY
ffZf rq fe f rs feffZ Bafifef vq MXIZY
fbf AfffZf.
VffSXedSXIY fffff : CaXfe rvx fZ.fe. f
ff fifffff fff f LXffe Afffe. LXffe
v fZ.fe. RbYffZ AffVfIY, QMXe dfQf
Afffe.
f`IYef fffff : CXfZQffSX dfSTf
(dfaMX), fffMX ffffaff (fgMX RYeMX),
ffffaff fMXSXefSX SXfffdWXffafZ ffTZ f
ffSmX ffffSXf fffff.
dffOX fXf : rs feff fbffafbffSX ffQe
fffSX IZYfe fffZ. ff ffQefef CXfZQffSXfaff
fbffJfeffNXe fffffZ fffZ. fbffJf fbf`
fZ AfgMXfSXQSXfff AffZ. CXfZQffSXffe
ffffVffef IYfMXe, BadOdWXfbAf MXfIY,
fibf MXfIY, fibf dOXIYVff ff fffff
WXfff.
MZXdfaf : fifZIY ffe dOXfZfSX fdWXfff fbY
WXfZ. CXfZQffSX IYgOZXMX WXfcf fifZVf IYSXf f
w fdWXffaffNXe fZWXf AdSXEaMZXVff
IYfffNXe fZWXf AgIYgOXfe ff dNXIYffe
fff. fffafSX fZWXf IYfgfZf AfgRY
BadfdfASXXf, Aff. Ef. Ef. dVffffe,
ffffTf fZfZ u fffff IYf fcf IYSXf.
WXf IYf fVffeSeXff fcf IZYfffafSX ffff
fe.MZXIY. WXe fQfe, fffWXSXfff fZWXY
dfffeNXfffRYf fiQff IZYfe fffZ.
fZffcIY : MZXdfaf fcf IZYfffafSX IYgOZXMXff
dfOXdVffffZ ff fQffSX fZffcIY dfTfZ.
ffZf fifZIY fdWXffff Y. yqqq/MXfffZOX dfTf. fbPXef fWXf fdWXffafZ MZXdfaf
fcf IZYfffafSX ff fZMXfaMX ff fQffSX
fZffcIY WXfZ.
fafIYfffNXe fff : AfgdRYfSX Bfff :
AgOXdfVff, AffOX RYfZf fZdOXIYf IYfgfZf,
ffffcSX SXOX, fbfZ-urrquq

ASaXffffQ . fbfffSXX . 15 fcf sqrr

UPSC Afdf

fSXefZ fff

fSXefe ffSXef
(ffffff:)

Combined Medical Services Examination

dfdff fff fSXeff

(fafbf AfSXf fZff fSXeff)

fffZffSXe

NDA & NA Examination

(SXfXef faSXff fifdffe Afdf ffZff


AIYfQfe fSXeff)

Edfif Afdf AfgfMX

C.D.S.Examination- Combined
Defense Services

ffffcf QfQfRZYfibffSXe Afdf fMZXfSX

(fafbf faSX ff fZff fSXeff)


Engineering Services Examination

fZ

(AdfffadfIYe fZff fSXeff)


Civil Services (Prelims) Examination

(fffSXe fZff (fcf) fSXeff)

fZ
(ff ffe rs fcf)

Indian Forest Services Examination

fbf`

(ffSXfef fffZff fSXeff)


SCRA Examination

fbf`

(fZVff fff SmXfZ AfiZdMXfZf fSXeff)


Central Police Forces (AC) Exam

AfgMXfSX

(IZYief ffef Qf (fWXffIY IYffaOaXMX) fSXeff)


IES/ISS Exam

dOXfZfSX

(ffSXfef AfdfIY fZff/ffSXfef ffadfIYe fZff)


Geologists Exam

dOXfZfSX

(fcdffff fSXeff)
SO/STENO (GD-B/GD-I)

dOXfZfSX

(Afbfff AdfIYfSXe/AfaVfbdfdfIY
(fiZOX-f/ fiZOX-r) fSXeff)

fSXef fQfaff fSXeff QSXffe fcfeEffe fZf AffZ. ff fSXeffafZ fZTfffIY fbPZXfffZ WXf AffZ. ff ffafZ fZTfffIY fcfeEffeff fZfffBMXfSX fbWXfff ffffff
dfTc VfIYfZ. ff fSXeffaff AfffWXe IYNXef Aff. ffff fffSXeffNXe dIYfff EIY
ff EfPXf IYfffffe Jf IYSXfff ffff.
ff fSXeff AdJf ffSXfef fSXffSX AffffZ ffffZ Cfef WXfZ WXe IYNXef fff
AffZ. dIaYfWbXff ff fSXefZf fVffe fffffafSX CXfZQffSXffe ffffdfIY fidfNXfWXe
CaXffffff fQf WXfZ. fffZ IYfSXf ff fQfaff ffffff AffZff fff-fSXfff.
dfffaf, ff ff fSXeffafe ffdWXfe AfWXe fbWXfff fZTfZTe QZffSX AfWXf. fbWXeWXe
Afffffff SXfWXf. fbPXef fZJff fffSXe fZff fSXeffafe ffdWXfe QZffSX AfWXf.

atul@upscmantra.com

fZf ffNXffffNXe IYSXf Uf:ff fffSX


fbSmXVf fIYfTe AfgdRYfffZ.
ffff fffZfSX. WXffff ffRYfTfe
IYfgRYe. IYfgfbMXSX fbY IZYff. fffefiff fiff fZfffgf
CXfOXff. kRiYfgf Q OZXIY AfgRY fe. BX. A.l WXe AfSmX fffcf
fbSXZVfff AffaQf ffMXff. IYfWXefSXe ffef dVfIYffSX Aff fe.
Efff ffef IYfgfZfff ffffff fbffff CXffWXffZ f fZf
CXfOXff fffZ. SXfZVfff fZf.
ffff fWXIYfffaf, WXf fZf fe Affff fffff ffNXff AfWZX.
Affff fedMaXfffZ fff AfZIYfafe fiVf dfffSXfZ. ffMXfa, fSXf
fedMaXf WXBXfff ffaffffZff Affff fiVffaff DYWXffWX
IYSXfff.
IYdSXASX WXffZ IYff? WXf fiVf ffffff fOXff WXff.
IYdSXASX WXffZ dVfff IYf? IYdSXASX WXffZ fIYSXefafffNXe fffffSXe AWXff fif~ IYSX IYf? IYdSXASX
WXffZ fffZffWXe dfff dfff AfWZX.
fff ffff f AfgfRYOX dOXVffSXefff IYdSXASXff
Af. Career An occupation undertaken for

SXffffiff

ATJf ff:ff
CXQf AWXTZ

ffffff fffffSX

significant-period of persons life and with


opportunities to progress. IYdSXASX RYY fIYSXeff

bb_maroof@yahoo.co.in

UfgIY Q MXfgIYX

fffZ, fSX Afff feIYfSXfZff fffff-CXffaQf, EffQf


fiIYf dIaYff Vfe, fVfbff dfIYfffffbXf. WXffZf fSXf
IYdSXASX dfIYff fbY WXf f dVfff faffffSX Afff Affff
IYfffff fbYfff IZYfffSX. IYfSXf fSaX fSX f IYdSXASX fOXff
Aff ff fffa dVfff IYfe fafff ffWXe.
EIYQf fbY IZYfZfe fIYSXe, fffff fQffffff ffWXe IYf
ff? ffWXe, ffa ffWXe. ffff IYdSXASX fOXffffZf ff ffff
NXSXffeIY IYfTffafSX f-AffIYf (Self Assessment)
IYSXfffff WXfZ. dfTffZff Afbff, IYfTffe fSXf, ff:fe
BXLXf ff fXe fffff DYf fQf Wf fOXffffff WXff. fQf
WXff Affffff dfIYfffIYOZX fZf.
ff IYff IYSXffff WXf fQf? IYfIYfff fffeffZ f-

AffIYf IYSXfffZ?
WXff fiVf fOXfff ff fbWXfff fffffff? fSXfSXf AfWZX. WZX
fiVff Affffff CXfSX Vffffff fff ffOXfff. Afdf WXe CXfSaX
ffef fiVf DYff ffSX fZfff. ff WXe fiVffSXfafe fffTef
fSX fff fffSX IYSXf AffZ AffffffNXe fbPZX ffffff. fiff
Afff f-AffIYffff AdfIY fffSX dfffSX IYYff.

ff:ff fdWXff fiVf dfffSX AffVfIY AffZ f WXffZ fe


IYf AfWZX? ff fiVfffZ CXfSX dfTfffffNXe fSXf AfWZX fe
ff:fffffe fbPXef ffdWXfe fTf IYSXfffe. ff:fe ffZ,
BXLXf, AffOX fiff ffff fSXfZfZ AfWZX. ff:fe
fefffcfZ, SXfWXfefff fffe fffef Afffff WXfe. ff:fe
fffffZ (strengths), CXdfff (weaknesses) ffaff fSXf
EIYQf Afff IYSXffff WXff. IYfff fXe ff:ff fiZSXfffIY
AfWZXf WZ ffWXef IYYf fffff WXfZ. ff:fe IYVffZ IYffe
f IYffVffe dIYfe fffe ffdWXfe WXfe. WXf ffff fdWXff MXff.
fQfafSX dfffSX IYSXfffff f fff IYffZ ffff CXfff
AfWZXf ffff. fIYSXefZ, fffff faffZ. fZ fWXfffZ.
ffffNXe IYffffZ fYf, ff fffef fffffSXf, fffcf
dfTffSmX CXff fffe ffdWXfe IYYf ffe ffdWXfZ.
ff:fXffZ AffIYf, CXfff ffff ffaff
Afff fffffSX fbPXfZ ffDYf fZ fZf dfdVff
IYSXfffZ. fZfdfdVffef fiff fZfZ CXfff fffffafZ
ffeIYSXf f AdfIY ff fffffafe dffOX. fafSX fifZIY
ffffffZ RYffQZ-fMZX ffaff dfffSX WXffff WXff.
WXe fZfZ fff IYSXffffNXe AffVfIY IYVffZ IYffe
fZ fffcf DYf fffef CXdfff QcSX IYSXffff fffeffcfIY
fiff IYSXffff WXff. ffffNXe ff Afff WXffff WXff.
WXe fffSXe fffffSX AfffZ fWXIYfSXe, dff f ff fffef
ffffSX ffaffVfe fff IYYf fZfdfdVffe IYSXffff WXfe. ff
CXdXXfcfeffNXe fiff.
IYff IYSXfffa fZf ffNXffffNXe? Afff IYffZWXe f
fffff, fIYSXe fafffNXe dffOXff fSXe fiff ff:ff
fffOZXMXf fffSX IYSX fSXfZfZ AfWZX. ffc dfIYffffNXe IZYfZfe
AfZIY ffIZY Affff ffffff fZfff. fffcf Affffff ff
ffcfe ffdWXfe dfTfZ, fSX ff:fe ffdWXfe BXfSXfaff CXfff
IYYf QZDYff ffaffIYOcXf Afff AfZff IYY VfIYf fQfefe,
ffffe. WXfcf fffOZXMXf WXf WXfff. fffcff CXfa SXfWXfa

fbYfff

ffffe Uff

fbafB dfffeNXff Bafife fffZff fiffNXIY

ffNXfafSXffe
ffff IYVfe dVfIYffe?
ff fiVfffZ CXfSX
fZffTfff IYffSX ffdfIYf
fXfefZ fffZ Afff NXSXffZfZ
AfWZX. fiff ffIYSXfe fOZX f fafSX
fdfIY ffNXfafSX WXf fSXT fff AfWZX.
VfMXe Afbffffcf f dfSXeffffcfWXe
IYfWXe dMXf dfTfff.
AfWXfff VffTZf fZY
ffNXfafSXfffNXe dQfZ ffffZ. fff
dIiYfffQfff fdWXff fYf AfQe
LXOf ffYf Affff fSXdfIZYf
SXfff fZff f To be kWXl dIaYff
kAfl ff dIiYfffQfff. AfffWXe
fffcff fbYfff IYYff. ffff WZX
ffNXfafSX f ffZf fffZ ff:f
ff:ff LXOXe ffYf fffe!
To be WZX BaXfifeffZ ffff
AdfIY fWXfffZ dIiYfffQ AfWZX. fcT
dIiYfffQ WXfcf fSX ffff fffSX
WXff. ff ffff ffffiIYfSXfaffZ
helping verb WXffZ Qbff
dIiYfffQ WXfcffbXf fffe ff YfZ
fffSXff fZfff.

BaXfife

>

AfWXfff VffTZf fZY ffNXfafSXfffNXe


dQfZ ffffZ. fff dIiYfffQfff fdWXff
fYf AfQe LXOf ffYf Affff
fSXdfIZYf SXfff fZff f To be
kWXl dIaYff kAfl ff dIiYfffQfff.
AfffWXe fffcff fbYfff IYYff.
ffff WZX ffNXfafSX f ffZf fffZ
ff:f ff:ff LXOXe ffYf fffe!

dfffaf,
BaXfifefZ ffIYSXf AXIYfe AfWZX.
Afff BaXfife dVfIYfff CXfbIY f
dfadff Afff fSX fiffdfIY kAfNXl
ffff-VfQfffe-fiIYfSX fffiff
ffff AfdSXWXff NXSXfZ.
ff AfNX VfQfiIYfSXfaff fcT Af
ffff fff fSX BaXfife dVfIYfffe
EIY fXfVfeSX fbYfff IYSXff fZfZ
fff ffQ ffWXe.
fffef ffffaff fifZIY
VfQfff Afff ff VfQfiIYfSXffZ
fff QZDY VfIYff IYf WZX Afff
ffffcf ffWcXff. WXe Afaf fffeffe fffZ AfWZXf.
1) I want to say
something good to my
mother to make her laugh.
(I pronoun, want-verb,
to say-verb, something-noun,
good-objective, topreposition, my-pronoun,
laugh-verb) Afff fff fiIYfSXfff

f-AffIYf

fZffcfe

IYVfffafe
fOXffTfe

AfSXfJOffe
Aafffffffe

fZfdfdVffe
fZffcfeff
AfSXfJOXf

Affffff WXfa AffZfa fZMXfIY. fff WXf fZffiffeff


fifff AfadOXf. fOXeff ffffffZ Afff WXfff.
Afdf WX, fWXfffe fX, dfaWXfffIYf WXfaf WXf fifff
IYSXffff. EIY WXf IYfff ffff NZXff, ffIYSXe IYf IYSXffe?
WXfcff ffff ffffff AffZff EIY fff fe fbfffffNXe
QZf AfWZX. f-AffIYf IYVfffafe fOXffTfe fZfdfdVffe
fZffcfeff AfSXffOXf AfSXffOffe Aafffffffe fZffcfe
AfZIYdff fXe dVfIYfffff Affffff EIYfZIYfaIYOcXf
fbPXff AfZIY fZMXef. fff fIYe ffWXef AfWZX, IYfWXe fiVffafe
CXfSmX dfTffe Affef fbWXfff Af ffef fiVf? fZWXe AffZ
Affef ffff. WXe fffTef fWXfffe.
ffffQ.
kWX, IZYfPaX fSaX AfWZX SXfZVffa WXffa!l fbSmXVfff ffff Affa,
kffef fiVffaff CXfSXfffNXe ffafffff WXfa. fbPXff fZMXefff...l
udayohale@hotmail.com

VfQfiIYfS

ffff dIaYff Af

CXQfWXSXfff

Noun

ffe, ffff, ffc, f`dVfM dIaYff


IYVfffZ fSXe kfffl (Name)

Mohan, Meena, city, town, Pune, Naigaon,


smartness, honesty, idea, book, nation

ffffff EZffe fZffSXf VfQ

I, you, He, She, it, they, which on etc.

dIiYfZffNXe fffSXff ffffSXf VfQ

to eat, to see, to read etc.

dIiYfffQff dfVf fSX fffcf


fffef IYSXffSXf VfQ

happily, rapidly, slowly, quickly etc.

ffffdfffe AdfIY ffdWXfe QZffSXf VfQ

good, bad, smart, dull, heavy, light etc.

VfQfafe position ffafffSXf VfQ -

by, out, in, above, below, for, to etc.

Conjuction

Qf VfQ, ffIYfiffSX dIaYff


ffffaff fOXffSXf - conjoining word

but, and, or, that, for etc.


Oh!, Arey!, ah! Ouch! Alas! Etc.

Interjection

Aff dIaYff Qb:ffffSX Adfffffffcf


CXQffSX fY IYSXffSXf VfQ

(fff)

Pronoun

(fffff)
Verb

(dIiYfffQ)
Adverb

(in the place of noun)

(a word for action or condition)

(a word that adds meaning


to the verb)

Afff fdfff CXfff IYYf


fffe fffff IYffZ VfQ AfWZXf fZ
ATff ffWcX!

2) Father is angry now, so


do not show him your
progress report at this
moment.
3) I like singing but I have
a bad voice which I can use
to frighten the children.
4) My uncle looks like a
villain when he smiles and
my aunt looks like the
heroine when she scolds him.
5) Our house is small but
nice because we can call the
one room as drawing room,
bedroom, study-room, store,
and kitchen. Thank God, we
have a separate bathroom.

AfZ IYffZWXe fff ffSmXf AffZ


IYe fiff VfQfiIYfSX ATffff. WXe
fiffdfIY fSXeWXe fifffe fbYfff NXSXfZ.

bhagyashreemam@gmail.com

Adjective

(a word adds meaning to noun)

Preposition

Pre-position

fbf/fcT dIiYfffQ

fffffIYfT

fcfIYfT

fdffIYfT

To be

is/am/are

was/were

shall be
will be

To have

have

had

shall have
will have

fffYf fff fffSX IYYf fffeWXe fff ffff AMXT.


I am happy
He is happy
She is happy
They are happy

I was happy
He was happy
She was happy
They were happy

I shall be happy
You shall be happy
He/she/it will be happy