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Lesson 7 _ ,.| _=|

Introduction - - -`= -
In this lesson we will learn the following:
The noun c which means "That" and is used for the feminine nouns. This noun is
called a demonstrative pronoun in English Grammar and _ = , , = in Arabic Grammar.
Tilka is used to refer to objects that are further away in the same way as Hdhih is used to
refer to closer objects representing the feminine nouns. e.g.,
English: Transliteration: Arabic:
That is a lady teacher Tilka Mudarrisatun
. - =`_ = - c
That is a bag
Tilka aqbatun . - ,, - c
When a definite article "al" precedes a solar letter (the letters with which lam of the
definite article "al" is not pronounced), the letter lam of "al" is dropped and its assimilation
is shown by a diacritical mark ' ' which is known as "Shaddah" e.g.,
Translation Transliteration Arabic
A doctor abbun
` ., , |
Indefinite Noun
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The doctor A-abbu
., ,=|
Definite Noun
A fish Samakun
` c =
Indefinite Noun
The fish As-samaku
c .|
Definite Noun

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Lesson 7 _ ,.| _=|

That is - c
In this part of Lesson No. 7 we will learn another pronoun c (which means that) Tilka is used
for the feminine nouns. Tilka follows the same principles as followed by Dhlika and is used to refer
to objects that are further away whereas hdhihi (this in feminine form) is used to refer to objects
that are closer.
The demonstrative pronouns are called _ = , = | in Arabic language and have two types:
The pronouns which refer to the near objects like =. and =. meaning (this for
masculine and feminine respectively) are called - ,, | _ = , = | and
The pronouns which refer to the distant objects like c | . and c meaning (that for
masculine and feminine respectively) are called =, - , | _ = , = |.
Picture: Answer Question:
Who is this?
=. -
This is Amina.
. - - =.
and who is that?
c -
That is Fatima.
. - | c
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This is a lady
. | - =.
and she is from Indonesia
. , ., = , - _
That is a child
. - | c
and she is from India . = , | - _
This is an elder
. _ , =.
That is a little one (child)
. _ - = c
What is that?
c | . -
That is a dog
.` . c | .
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and what is that?
c -
That is an egg
. - = , , c
What is that?
c -
That is a hen.
. - - - . c
Is that a hen?
- - - . c |
No, that is a duck
. - = , c . v

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Lesson 7 _ ,.| _=|

Exercise ` ., _ =
In this section we will have multiple questions to test your understanding of the principles we have
learnt In-Sh'-Allh (God-Willing). To answer the questions:
o Type the complete answer for the following questions by selecting the question and using the
on-screen keyboard or your actual keyboard.
o Use the Shift key to enter characters on the upper portions of the letters and use full
diacritics in your answers e.g. fathah, kasrah, sukn etc.
o Do not use diacritics in the following cases:
The Alif followed by laam , (while the laam itself can be signed with a vowel)
The laam followed by alif v (while the Alif itself can be signed when it comes with
hamzah).
Do not put the small Alif on words like =.
Do not put diacritics on long vowels.
o Upon completion of all questions, click on the Mark button to see the correct answer and to
get your mark.
For more instructions click here.
, c . c | ., =, - , | _ = , , = , - , v = | _ | , = |
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The Arabic sentence above means "Fill in the blanks with the appropriate word". For each of the
sentences, type out the full sentence using the words below - e.g. for the first question, click on the
question and type as below (include vowel-marks).
Mark Reset
` = | .......
(That is a father)
; | .........
(That is a mother)
- - - .......
(That is a spoon)
` , | .......
(That is a pen)
` - .......
(That is a stone)
` , - .......
(That is an eye)
= .......
(That is a window)
` , | .........
(That is a shirt)
- .......
(That is a camel)
=| .......
(That is Asma)
.. - .......
(That is a moaazin, i.e. who calls for
prayer)
- _ .......
(That is a leg)
Mark Reset

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Lesson 7 _ ,.| _=|

Exercise ` ., _ =
In this section we will have multiple questions to test your understanding of the principles we have
learnt In-Sh'-Allh (God willing).
Choose a word from column = that can be used to complete the sentence in column |. Click on a
word in column | that you would like to answer (this will be highlighted) then click on its suitable
complement in column =. Upon completing all possible questions, click on the Mark button to see
the correct answer and obtain your mark.
- | _ _ | - | . = ,=, - | - - - ,|,
The Arabic sentence above means "Choose a word from column 'A' and match it with an appropriate
word from column 'B' ". For each of the sentences, type out the full sentence using the words below
- e.g. for the first question, click on the question and type as below (include vowel-marks).
Mark Reset
,=, ,|,
c
` . | |
(This is a student)
=
- , | |
(That is a student)
c | .
- =`_ = -
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(This is a teacher)
=
` ., , |
(That is a doctor)
=
- -
(This is Aminah)
c | .
=
(That is a window)
c
` = ,
(This is a door)
=
` = , -
(That is an Engineer)
c
- - -
(That is a spoon)
Mark Reset

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Lesson 7 _ ,.| _=|

Exercise ` ., _ =
In this section we will have multiple questions to test your understanding of the principles we have
learnt In-Sh'-Allh (God-Willing). To answer the questions:
o Type the complete answer for the following questions by selecting the question and using the
on-screen keyboard or your actual keyboard.
o Use the Shift key to enter characters on the upper portions of the letters and use full
diacritics in your answers e.g. fathah, kasrah, sukn etc.
o Do not use diacritics in the following cases:
The Alif followed by laam , (while the laam itself can be signed with a vowel)
The laam followed by alif v (while the Alif itself can be signed when it comes with
hamzah).
Do not put the small Alif on words like =.
Do not put diacritics on long vowels.
o Upon completion of all questions, click on the Mark button to see the correct answer and to
get your mark.
For more instructions click here.
= | - | = , = _ - - , v = | _ | , '.|' . = |
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The Arabic sentence above means Add the definite article 'al' to the following words adding the
appropriate diacritical vowel marks
Mark Reset
` - .......
The merchant
; | .........
The mother
- - - . .......
The hen
` _ - .......
The donkey
- - .......
The Eden (Paradise)
- _ .......
The man
= .......
The window
` , | .........
The shirt
` , - .......
The news
` . , = .......
The guest
` = , .......
The door
` = , .......
The dress
Mark Reset

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Lesson 7 _ ,.| _=|

Revision - - - -
In this lesson we have learnt the following things:
The Demonstrative pronoun for That in the Feminine form c
The use of Shaddah and the dropping of the letter 'lam' of the definite article 'al' when
used with solar letters.
Vocabulary Revision = . | - - - -
Demonstrative pronouns
_ = , = |
That (feminine)
c
A lady
| -
A fish
` c =
An egg
- = , ,
A female child
- |
Small
_ - =
Elder
_ ,
Heaven
- -
Indonesia
, ., = ,
News
` , -
A guest
` . , =
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A dress
` = ,
Now that you have covered this lesson, please also try some of the additional features we have
including:
o Discussion Forum Discuss the grammatical topics learnt and any areas of confusion.
o Vocabulary Flashcards Practice your vocabulary by category.
o Questions Flashcards Practice questions related to the grammatical topics covered in the
lessons.
We will be updating the features above to help you throughout the course In-Sh-Allh (God
willing).


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