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Qur'aanic Arabic

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ANSWERS FOR LESSON 4
-

1 What is the meaning of the following terms?


The term

Letter/Particle

Verb

Past tense verb


The one who did the verb (should come after the verb)

The direct object


The first noun in a nominal sentence


It is the information given about

The noun after the particle

It is the information given, about a

preceded by

It is a noun showing the time


It is a noun showing the place


-


2- What is the mark for Hamzatu-l-wasl in the following words? And why?


The reason


One of the seven nouns


One of the seven nouns

Starts with of Definition


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page 17 in lesson2) see ammah ( D letter has
rd
3


ah h - letter has Fat
rd
3

-

3 True or false and why?


a. The word

is


True, the Arabs treat it as feminine
word
in stand. Arabic # b.
is written


False,

is written without


after ( )


c. The mark for Hamzatu-l-wasl in
the word

is


True this word is treated as those
starting with
d. The word

is


True, it has Tanween
f. The word

in
(

) is


True, It follows the noun in everything
f. The word

in (

)
is


True, it gives information about the
noun


(He) sent, Allaah Ibraaheem
(Allaah sent Abraham)


(He) created, Allaah the sun
(Allaah created the sun)


The noon is before the afternoon


Indeed the sign is evident


Indeed the she-camel is big

4- Put (m. /f.) the mark on the last letter of the word then translate(m./f.)







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-


5- Translate (m./f.) to Arabic and put (m./f.) the marks
1- Allaah is a Creator


2- Indeed Allaah is Great


3- The relief after the hardship


4- Indeed The God is one


5- (He) created the tree


6- Conjugate (m./f.) the words -


( ) :


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Phrases of the lesson
In a lofty paradise


>_ 79%

From the evil of the
whisperer (the devil)


h #9#

And urges not on the
feeding of the poor

t ? $
39#

To the path of the blazing
fire (the Hell)


<) sg:#

By Allaah

!#

Who has taught by the pen


%!# = =)9$/

Do not prostrate (you all)
to the sun nor to the moon


#f@ =9
)=9

The praises be to Allaah


s9# !

And the male is not like a
female

9 .%!# \{%.

If (it) comes, the victory of
Allaah


#) $_ !#

Above the voice of the
prophet


V c<9#

The

is written in red, and the

is written in blue.

LESSON LESSON LESSON LESSON 5 55 5

Conjugation
of the
Singular
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WRITING RULES
- The word

in line 3: is written in the standard Arabic without the small Alif


on the top of

() as in the qur'aanic script ?, but in both cases


we read it (3alaa)
- The word

in line 4: is written in the standard Arabic without the small Alif


on the top of

() as in the qur'aanic script <), but in both cases


we read it ('ilaa)
Why the Alif in

and

is written in the form of Yaa'?


The reason is that, this Alif is originally a Yaa'.
- In line 6: we attached the preposition

at the beginning of the


word

. Notice that when attaching

we kept

) (


- In line 9: we attached the preposition

at the beginning of the word

. Notice that when attaching

we also kept

) (


When we attach the prepositions

to a noun starting with we keep



- But in line 7: when we attached the preposition

at the beginning of the


word

. Notice that when attaching

we dropped

in the
writing (

) and same for the word

(
- In line 8: we attached the preposition

at the beginning of the word

.
Notice that we dropped

in the writing

or ! (with two

not
three it is not allowed to have 3 similar letter following each other in a word,
so we drop one of them in writing).
- When we attach the prepositions

to a noun starting with we drop



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Advise for this lesson:

Study all your vocabulary this week

Next lesson will be a revision

and our advice to you is that you


study all previous lessons and concentrate on your vocabulary. If any
one of you can make a glossary of words of all lessons and send it back
to us, we can add Arabic to it and upload it on the site.
We ask to accept it as

(continuous charity) from all of us.


: "

"

The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him)


said, "When a man dies, his deeds come to an end, except for three:
a continuous charity, knowledge by which people derive benefit, pious
son who prays for him." Narrated by Muslim

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3- In

case
There are only 2 positions classified under this case


Position 1


The noun after a preposition

...

.. .

...


from in On/ upon to about until with like for Waaw
of oath

The prepositions


- can have different meanings in different positions.
- are particles that have one form


- can be of one letter only like:


- The noun coming after a preposition is called

and is in the case of


. If a singular noun is in the case of

it will have Kasrah at the end.



In line 1
The word

is a singular noun which came after the preposition

),
so it is

and

falls under the case

and should have a


kasrah at the end. We say:

.




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In line 6
The word

is a noun which came after the preposition

), so it is

and

falls under the case

and should have a kasrah


at the end. We say:


(The doer

is a hidden pronoun) (

.
Notice the Kasrah at the end of all words, coming after prepositions in page 40.


Position 2



1- The noun that shows the possessor (comes after of)
Ex.

(the book of Muhammad)


-

is the possessor of the book, it is

(linguistically it means
the word that, another is added to it)
- Usually the possession is formed of a noun without , followed by a
definite noun: Proper noun or a word with . (in few cases we can see
the

indefinite noun, ex.

book of a boy)
- The word that comes before

cannot have Tanween

not

.
- Notice that we translate it (The book of Muhammad) because the first
noun became definite after being added to a definite. (we know that this
book is for Muhammad)
- The word

here shows the possessor

, The


falls in the case of

and should have a kasrah at the end.


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- See the construction of possession in the phrases in page 40:


The victory of
Allaah
The path of the
Hell
The feeding of
the poor
The evil of the
whisperer



In line 2
- The word

here shows the possessor

, The


falls under the case of

and should have a kasrah at the end.


:

In line 10

.





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2- The noun that come after

In line 11
The word

is a singular noun which came after the

) so it is

, The

falls under the case

and should have a


kasrah at the end.
The word

shows the possessor

, The

falls under the


case of

and should have a kasrah at the end.


.
:

.
There are Two

following each other in this phrase.
























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-


1 Add (m. /f.) the prepositions to the following nouns

(...) (...

(...)


2- Circle the

and translate (m. /f.)







.
-


.
-


.
-


.
-


.
-

Exercises
Qur'aanic Arabic
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3- Put (m. /f.) the mark on the last letter of the word







-


Translate (m./f.) to Arabic and put (m./f.) the marks 4-
1- Nooh is the prophet of Allaah .
2- Indeed the soul of the believer
is noble
.
3- The big tree behind the house .
4- The path of paradise is one .
5- The Islaam is like the light .




He came, the messenger of Allaah
( the messenger of Allaah came)

The Qur'aan is the book of Allaah


The fire of the Hereafter is great



Indeed the prayer after the call
(for prayer)


The religion of Allaah is great
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-

5- Conjugate (m./f.) the words


(he prostrated)

............................... :
:

..............................
:

..............................

: ..............................

: .. .............................

* ............................... :

.............................. :

: ................................

................................. :
*The preposition

in this examples has a Fat-hah

at the end this is because


came after it. We still treat is a normal preposition