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2. Three types of ionizing radiation are: D A. Alpha particles, Beta particles, Gamma particles B.

Alpha particles, Beta particles, Radio waves C. Gamma rays, Infra Red rays, Beta particles D. Beta particles, Gamma rays, Alpha particles

4. For Industrial Radiography, which is the most penetrating form of radiation? C A. Beta particles B. Neutrons C. Gamma Rays D. Alpha particles

5. One of the effects of Gamma rays is its ability to cause: A A. Ionization B. Air to become energized C. Other objects to become radioactive D. Metal to become magnetized

6. The unit of measurement of radioactivity is referred to as: 1 1. Curies 2. Roentgens 3. Roentgens per hour 4. REM

7. One curie is the quantity of radioactive material that decays at the rate of: 2 1. 3.7 X 1010 CPM 2. 3.7 X 1010 DPS or TPS 3. 3.7 X 1010 XPS 4. 37 X 10 DPS or TPS

8. Elements are classified in the Chart of Elements by the number of:

3 1. Electrons in an atom 2. Neutrons in an atom 3. Protons in an atom 4. Includes all the above

9. X-rays differ from Gamma rays only in their 2 1. Atomic structure 2. Origin 3. Wave length 4. Emission of particle radiation

10. One curie of cobalt 60 and one curie of IR-192 2 1. Have the same dose rate at one yard 2. Both have the same number of disentergrations per second 3. Will weigh the same amount 4. None of the above

11. The time required for of the atoms of a particular radioactive material to disintegrate or decay is called:

3 1. A curie 2. Ionization 3. Half-Life 4. Decay

12. Gamma rays will penetrate deeper in matter than Alpha or Beta particles Because? 3 1. It has less mass 2. It has a lower frequency 3. It will interact less with electrons in matter 4. It travels faster than the speed of light

13. The half-life of IR-192 is? 1 1. 74 days 2. 3 months 3. 80 days 4. 6 months

14. Gamma rays are referred to as? 2 1. Particle radiation 2. Electromagnetic radiation 3. Scattered radiation 4. Primary radiation

15. The two most commonly used isotopes for radiography are: 3 1. CO-60 and CS-137 2. IR-192 and RA-226 3. IR-192 and CO-60 4. CO-59 and IR-190

16. The half-life of cobalt 60 is a little over 5 years. After 3 half lives, a 60 ci CO-60 source will have how many curies? 2 1. 15 curies 2. 7.5 curies 3. 30 curies 4. None of the above

17. Radiation energy is usually expressed in terms of: 3 1. Curies per gram 2. Roentgens per hour 3. KEV or MEV 4. Megahertz of Hertz

18. One curie of Cobalt 60 and one curie of IR-192 3 1. All have the same dose rate at one foot. 2. All are equal in physical size 3. All have the same number of D. P. S or T.P.S. 4. All are the same weight of material.

19. When an electron is knocked out of orbit of an atom by a gamma ray 1 1. An Ion-pair is created 2. Pair production occurs 3. The atom is now radioactive 4. A new element is created

20. The operating range of a pocket dosimeter required for industrial radiographers

is ? 2 1. 0 to 100 mrr 2. 0 to 200 mr 3. 0 to 500 mr 4. 0 to 200 r\hr

21. Survey meters must be calibrated every ? 2 1. 90 days 2. 6 months 3. 3 months 4. Once a year

22. The film badge or TLD badge provides: 3 1. Immediate indication of radiation exposure 2. Exposure to Alpha particles 3. Record of radiation exposure 4. All of the above

23. Film badges should be worn: 3

1. In the shirt pocket 2. One the belt loop 3. Between the shirt collar & trouser pocket 4. Back pocket

24. Radiation survey instruments shall be able to measure from: 2 1. zero mr/hr to 2 R/hr 2. 2 mr/hr to 1 R/hr 3. 0 mr/hr to 1 mr/hr to 1 R/hr 4. 1 mr/hr to 1000mR

25. Most survey meters used to detect radiation in Industrial Radiography operations, us a? 2 1. scintillation counter 2. Geiger-Muellier (GM) tube 3. Ion Chamber 4. De-Ionization tube

26. Individuals allowed to enter a radiographers radiation area, must be monitored with the following items:

3 1. a survey meter 2. A film badge, dosimeter, survey meter 3. Film badge and dosimeter and alarming Rate meter 4. No monitoring required

27.If an individuals pocket dosimeter is discharged beyond its range (off-scale), the individual: 1 1. Shall cease operations and have film badge processed immediately and not return to work until a determination has been made. 2. Shall notify the RSO and wait for further instructions after completing job assignment. 3. May continue to work if individual determines that dosimeter reading is not correct. 4. Shall cease operations and have film badge exchanged for a new one and then may return to work.

28. The pocket dosimeter has the advantage of:

1 1. Providing immediate indication of radiation dose 2. Provides a permanent record of whole body dose 3. Being more accurate than the film badge 4. Gives dose rates of radiation exposure

29. Radiation received in a short period of time is referred to as: 1 1. Acute radiation exposure 2. Chronic radiation exposure 3. Thermal radiation exposure 4. Radiation sickness

30. Earliest detection of radiation damage may be detected in the: 3

1. Nerve cells 2. Skin cells 3. Blood cells 4. None of the above

31. The effects of radiation on the reproductive cells and passed on to the descendants, is called: 4 1. Somatic effects 2. Radiosensitive effects 3. Latent effects 4. Genetic effects

32. The area that has a boundary posted Caution-High Radiation Area will mean a person could receive a radiation dose of:

4 1. Five Rems per hour 2. 200 mRems per hour 3. Fifty mRems per hour 4. One hundred mRems per hour

33. Source assembly refers to the same thing as a: 3 1. Crankout 2. Source tube 3. Pigtail assembly 4. Bull plug or safety plug

34. A person must be of what age to be allowed to handle radioactive material. 3 1. 21 years of age 2. 16 years of age 3. 18 years of age 4. None of the above

35. The thickness of a material which will reduce the amount of radiation passing through the material to one-half its initial intensity is called the: 2 1. Half Life Layer 2. Half Value Layer 3. Shielded Half Layer 4. Half Layer

36. Using Co-60, at a certain distance, the radiation intensity is 600 mr/hr. The thickness of lead (assuming .490 of lead is required for Co-60) needed to reduce the radiation levels to 75 mr/hr is: 3 1. 14.7 2. .98 3. 1.5 4. 1.96

37. If the radiation intensity at a certain point is 20 R/hr, how many half valve layers are required to reduce the levels to 5 R/hr 3 1. One

2. Three 3. Two 4. Cannot reduce to 5 R/hr

38. Planetary electrons with protons and neutrons in the nucleus, make up 4 1. An alpha particle 2. A molecule 3. A compound 4. An atom File: Study Guide 6 Revised 5/12/08

39.The annual whole body radiation dose limit which can be received by an individual working in radiography can basically be stated as: 2 1. 1 Rems a year 2. 5 Rems a year 3. 3 Rems a year 4.

420 mRems a year

40. The thickness of a material which will reduce the amount of radiation to nine tenths of its initial intensity is called: 3 1. Half value thickness 2. Attenuation Layer 3. Tenth value Layer 4. Safety shield Layer

41. The radiation dose rate at a certain distance from a source is 400 mr/hr. If a person remains at the certain distance for 3 hours, what will be the amount of radiation received? 3 1. 9 mr 2. 1800 mr 3.

1200 mr 4. 120 mr

42. Three basic ways to lower radiation dose when working with radiography sources are: 3 1. concrete, Lead, and steel 2. barricades, ropes, and signs 3. time, distance, and shielding 4. Half Valve Layers, Tenth Valve Layers, First Valve Layers

43. A state receiving authority from the NRC to regulate activities or use of radioactive materials and equipment is called: 4 1. An Non - Agreement State 2. A Mutual Agreement State

3. Regional Agreement State 4. An Agreement State

44. A leak test must be performed on sealed sources within a period of every: 2 1. 90 days 2. 6 months 3. 120 days 4. Once a year

45. The term used to let a company, with a radioactive material license in one state, be allowed to work in another state is called: 3 1. Bill of Rights 2. Agreement State

3. Reciprocity 4. NRC

46. The shipping container for most industrial radiography sources are classified as: 1 1. Type B 2. Type LSA 3. Type A 4. Type RAM

47. How much radiation will a person receive standing 100 feet from a source with a dose rate of 20 mr/hr where 4 exposures were made lasting 3 minutes each? 1 1. 4 mr/hr 2. 36 mr/hr

3. 12 mr/hr 4. 33 mr/hr

48. If you were using a 100 Ci., Ir-192 source, what will the dose rate be at a distance of 100 feet from the source? 3 1. .06 R/hr 2. 5 R/hr 3. .059 R/hr 4. 52 R/hr

49. Repeat problem 48 except calculate the dose rate at 200 instead of 100 4 1. 12.5 r/hr 2. .05 mr/hr

3. 50 mr/hr 4. 14.75 mr/hr

50.Radiography companies doing work in a Non Agreement State are regulated by the: 3 1. AEC 2. DOT 3. USNRC 4. NAS

51.When performing offshore platform or lay barge radiography, the largest source of Ir-192 that is allowed is: 1 1. 100 Ci. 2. 200 Ci.

3. 240 Ci. 4. 50 Ci.

52. The film badge or TLD badge used in industrial radiography are exchanged: 4 1. Once every quarter 2. Only when the RSO decides to change your badge 3. Once every sixty days 4. Once a month and on the day indicated on the badge

53. The single and most noticeable factor in the cause of over exposures to radiographers has been: 3 1. Not locking the source in the camera properly 2. Survey meter not working correctly 3.

By not using the survey meter as stated in the company procedures and State regulations. 4. Trying to put the source back into the camera after a disconnect.

54. If you lose or damage your film or TLD badge, you will 1 1. Cease work immediately until the badge is replaced 2. Continue to work and replace your badge when you get back to the office 3. Continue to work since you can use your dosimeter for your radiation exposure 4. Work more carefully by using your survey meter and dosimeter

55. If an individuals pocket dosimeter is discharged beyond its range (off scale), the individual shall: 3 1. Make a note on the area survey report and recharge the dosimeter 2. Tell the RSO when you get back to the office so he can calculate your exposure

for that day. 3. Cease work immediately, turn film badge in for processing; and not return to work until results are received and determination of the exposure has been made 4. Cease work immediately, notify your RSO, and obtain a spare badge to use until results of processed film badge is received

56. Radiation Area means an individual could receive a radiation dose in excess of: 1 1. Five milli-rem in any one hour 2. Two hundred milli-rems in any one hour 3. 2 milli-rems in any one hour 4. 5 milli-rems per hour or a dose in excess of 100 milli-rem in any fire consecutive days

57. Pocket dosimeters shall be calibrated for correct response to radiation at periods not to exceed:

1 1. Annually 2. Once every 6 months 3. Not required to be calibrated 4. After each repair

58. Any vehicle transporting radioactive material with a yellow III label must placard the vehicle with signs printed: 3 1. Caution Radioactive 2. Radioactive Materials 3. Radioactive 4. Danger Radioactive

59. Sealed radiography sources, when completing shipping papers, are referred to or

classified as: 4 1. Solid form material 2. Safe form material 3. Normal form material 4. Special form material

60. The dose rate limit at one meter (or 39 inches) from a package containing radioactive material is expressed in terms of a: 1 1. Transport Index 2. Type A package 3. Special solid form material 4. Meter reading at 3 feet

61. The outer package that encloses a Type B container for additional shipping protection is referred to as: 2 1. Class A package 2. Overpack 3. Hazardous Materials 4. None of the above

62. A leaking source must be withdrawn from use if contamination levels exceed: 1 1. .005 microcuries of Removable Contamination 2. .050 microcuries of Removable Contamination 3. .010 microcuries of Removable Contamination 4. .500 microcuries of Removable Contamination

63. Using a 100ci, Ir 192 source, at what distance will the dose rate be 100mr/hr? 2 1. 140 feet 2. 76-feet 3. 68 feet 4. 100 feet

64. A record of inspection and maintenance of radiography equipment and sources are completed by radiography companies : 2 1. Once a day Quarterly 3. once a week 4. once every 6 months

65.When performing radiography the camera must self lock : 1 1. After each exposure

2. Prior to being moved or transported 3. At all times when it is not under direct surveillance of radiographer 4. All of the above

66.When must pocket dosimeters be recharged: 1 1. At the beginning of each shift or at least daily or if the dosimeter reaches scale during the shift 2. Work out 3. Radiographic exposure 4. None of the above

67. The unit of exposure in air is the: 2 1. RAD

2. ROENTGEN 3. REM 4. RBE

68. The inverse square law means that if you move a source twice as far away as before, the intensity is: 3 1. Twice as great 2. Half as great 3. One-fourth as great 4. One-half as great

69. The State Regulatory Agency may order a radiographer to cease operation if the following is found during an inspection: 4 1.

Off-scale pocket dosimeter 2. Leaking source 3. Unsafe camera (lock of camera not working properly) 4. All of the above

70. The most biological damage for a given dose of radiation occurs when the exposure is to: 4 1. Feet and ankles 2. Skin 3. Reproductive organs 4. Whole body

71. The principal hazard in industrial radiography results from: 1 1.

External radiation 2. Cosmic and Natural background radiation 3. Alpha and Beta particles 4. Concentration

72. One making a radiograph shall display Caution Radiation Area signs at what mr/hr level? 3 1. 100 mr/hr 2. 50 mr/hr 3. 2 mr/hr 4. .6 mr/hr

73.The level of radiation from a radioactive source, in a storage device or camera, cannot exceed_______ to be classified as a Type B package: 2

1. 200 mr at the surface of the camera 2. 200 mr at the surface nor more than 50 mr at 6 inches 3. 50 mr at the surface of the camera nor more the 1 mR at one meter 4. 100 mr at the surface or 50 mr at 6 inches File: Study Guide 12 Revised 5/12/08

74.A radioactive yellow II warning label is applied to packages with a surface dose rate: 1 1. Not to exceed 50 mr/hr at the surface or 1 mr/hr at 1 meter (39in) 2. Not to exceed 200 mr/hr at the surface of 10 mr/hr at 1 meter (39in) 3. Not to exceed 10 mr/hr at 1 meter (39in) 4. Not to exceed 2 mr/hr at 1 meter (39in)

75.Vehicles carrying only White 1 or Yellow II warning labeled packages: 3 1. Must display placards on all four sides of the vehicles 2. Are not required to have shipping papers 3. Do not need to display radioactive placards 4. Must be shipped in a Type C container

76. The type of warning label that must be applied to the surface of a package containing radioactive material is determined by: 3 1. The weight of the material 2. The transport ending 3. The highest dose rate at the surface and at 1 meter from the surface of the package 4. The type or design of the shipping container

77. REM is the unit of radiation dose (the abbreviation means): 1 1. Roentgen Equivalent in Man 2. Roentgen Equal to Millicuries 3. Radiation Equal to Man 4. Radiation Equivalent to Mass

78. One curie can be expressed in another way, such as: 2 1. 3.7 x 10 DPS 2. 1,000,000 micro Ci 3. 10,000 mCi 4. All of the above

79. At a distance of one foot from one curie of a radioisotope, the exposure dose rate would be approximately: 4 1. 5.9 roentgens per hour 2. 14.4 milliroentgens per hour 3. .61 mev per hour 4. dependent upon the radioisotope

80. The electron volt is a: 3 1. large unit of charge 2. small unit of volume 3. small unit of energy 4. Angstrom unit

81.Permissible levels of radiation from external sources in unrestricted areas cannot receive a dose in excess of: 2 1. 5 mr/hr in any one hour 2. 2 mr/hr in any one hour nor more than 100 mr per year 3. 100 mr in 7 consecutive weeks 4. Items 2 and 3

82. Before removing a camera with a radioactive source from the storage area, the radiographer must sign the device out on the: 4 1. Transportation papers 2. The area survey report 3. Dosimeter report 4. Utilization log

83. Some of the records required at temporary job sites are: 4 1. Appropriate license 2. Appropriate Operating & Emergency Procedures 3. Applicable Agency Regulations 4. All of the above

84.The sealed source shall be locked in the radiographic exposure device or source changer: 1 1. Each time the sealed source is returned to its shielded position 2. After completing the last radiograph before moving camera to next location 3. Each time the sealed source is returned and the key removed 4. When getting ready to return camera and source to the truck for storage

85. Radiographs must be made of 4 pipe. With only 35 Ci. Of Ir-192 and being unable to use your collimator, your meter reading is 100 mr/hr at a distance of 50. You must limit your number of exposures per hour. What is your radiation exposure rate at 25? 3 1. 200 mr/hr 2. 800mr/hr 3. 400 mr/hr 4. 40 mr/hr

86. A radiographer shall conduct an inspection and maintenance of equipment: 4 1. Once every week 2. At intervals not to exceed one month 3. After arriving at the job site

4. At the beginning of each day of equipment use

87.Vehicles used to transport Yellow II labeled radioactive material for temporary job site use must prominently display 2 1. Radioactive placards 2. Name and city of main business office of Company 3. Caution radioactive material signs 4. None of the above

88. A radiation survey performed to determine that a sealed source is in its shielded position upon job completion is referred to as a: 1 1. Lock-out survey 2. Radiation survey 3.

Area survey 4. Transportation survey

89. Radioactive material records of a radiography company are required to show: 2 1. Contamination levels of the shipping containers 2. Receipt, transfer, and disposal of source of radiation 3. The focal point of the radioactive source 4. Semi annual inventory of radioactive sources

90. What is considered to be a fatal dose to radiation if applied to the whole body in a single exposure? 3 1. 150 to 250 Rem 2. 1000 to 5000 Rem 3.

400 to 500 Rem 4. 350 to 450 Rem

91. The most practical use of shielding in radiography can be achieved by the use of: 4 1. Concrete blocks 2. Lead bricks 3. Depleted uranium 4. Tungsten collimators

92. A survey of the radiographic exposure device after each exposure consists of: 3 1. Surveying the front of the camera 2. Surveying the circumference of the camera 3. Surveying the circumference of the device and the entire length of the guide tube.

4. Looking at the survey meter to see if it gives any indication of a radiation dose rate

93. The person who is credited with the discovery of x-rays was 4 1. Henri Becquerel 2. Marie & Pierre Curie 3. Albert Einstein 4. Wilhelm Roentgen

94. Humans have always been exposed to radiation occurring from: 4 1. Natural background 2. Cosmic 3. Man made

4. All of the above

95.The amount of radiation the general public receives from natural back ground radiation and man-made radiation in a year is about: 2 1. 100 mRem 2. 200 mRem 3. 500 mRem 4. 250 mRem

96. If a person recieves a dose of 60 mRems after 15 minutes in a radiation field, what is the dose rate of the radiation field? 3 1. 120 mr/hr 2. 360 mr/hr 3.

240 mr/hr 4. 180 mr/hr

97. How much distance would be needed for 30 curies of Ir-192 to reduce the dose rate to 2 mr/hr without any shielding? 2 1. 300 2. 297. 3. 260 4. 305

98. Immediate notification must be made to the Agency of a dose of radiation to the whole body of any individual in excess of: 2 1. Five REMS or more 2. Twenty-five REMS or more 3. Five hundred MILLIREMS or more 4. Three REMS or more

99. Personal monitoring equipment shall be supplied to appropriate personnel: 4 1. Who enters a radiation area 2. Who enters a high radiation area 3. Who uses or operates any source of radiation 4. All of the above

100.An area survey shall be "performed 1 1. During the first Radiographic exposure or exposures 2. Prior to the first radiographic exposure 3. After the restricted area has been established 4. During each radiographic exposure

101.A SPEC 150 and AEA 880 are referred to as what type device: 2 1. Stationary exposure device 2. Crankout exposure device 3. Panoramic device 4. Directional beam device

102. Your survey meter is designed to detect: 1 1. X and gamma radiation 2. Gamma radiation only 3. Alpha, Beta and Gamma radiation only 4. X-ray radiation only

103. Radiographers making an exposure, with the radiation area well posted, happens to see an unauthorized person entering into the restricted area, he should: 3 1. Call to the individual and get their attention to let them know they are in a radiation area and need to receive a film badge. 2. Holler at the individual so he will notice you are working. 3. Attract the individuals attention that he is entering into a restricted area and should not enter: if person continues to disregard your warning, return the source to its shielded position until the area is cleared of unauthorized personnel. 4. Call to the individual to come stand behind you so you can keep him out of the direction of the gamma rays and warn him that he could become sterile if he does not stay out of the area.

104. In case of a vehicle accident carrying radioactive material, you should: 3 1. Set out barrier rope and flares as soon as possible to prevent hazards from oncoming vehicles. Get out of the area of the accident so you will not receive an overexposure and call your Radiation Safety Officer. 2. Look for your certificate of insurance for the vehicle and call the insurance company. Send someone to call your RSO and if the source is secured, call for a wrecker to move the vehicle. Check survey meter to see if it is still working. 3. Check your survey meter to see if operable, try to establish location and condition, rope off as large an area as possible, send for police and send for or inform the RSO of accident and procedures taken. 4. Refer to the Operating and Emergency procedures manual so you can give it to the civil authorities on what to do.

105. The ball stop attached to the pigtail of a radiography source is to: 1 1. To prevent the source from being pulled out the back of the exposure device and

to keep source in a locked position. 2. To keep the cable of the pigtail from becoming bent and the lock block free from obstacles. 3. To act as a guide for the source when it is returned back into the camera. 4. To indicate the source is too far back into the camera lock box

106. Surrounded by the depleted uranium in a radiography camera, the metal tubing which allows movement of the source is referred to as the: 2 1. Brass source tube 2. S tube 3. source tube 4. safety tube

107. A sealed radiography source can make other objects radioactive if: 4

1. The source is left exposed to the object longer than 1 hour 2. The source is contaminated 3. The source does not emit neutrons 4. No it cannot

108. When a radiography source is cranked out of its shielded position in the camera, it travels through a: 3 1. Hollow plastic tube 2. Conduit 3. Source tube 4. Safety tube

109..Using a 28 curie Ir-192 source with a 4 HVL collimator and an exposure time of 18 minutes at what distance will you establish the radiation area boundary: 2 1. 30 2. 24 3. 50 4. 16

110. You note that your pocket dosimeter has picked up 2 mr/hr after a 5 minute

exposure. What was the radiation dose rate? 2 1. 40 mr/hr 2. 24 mr/hr 3. 12 mr/hr 4. 36 mr/hr

111. The size of a radiography source is important. The use of IR-192 is due to its: 4 1. Large focal point 2. Half Life 3. Electromagnetic energy 4. High specific activity

112..You have just received a 100Ci. source at the job site. You need to calculate for your 2-mr/hr area. The source is Ir-192, and you will be using a tungsten collimator assuming it has 4 HVL. What is the distance to the 2-mr/hr boundary? 3 1. 100 feet 2. 125 feet 3. 134 feet 4. 88 feet

113..Your survey meter reads 100 mr/hr at some point. How much dose would you receive standing at that point for hr, 6 min., and 1 min.? 1 1. 50mr, 10mr,1.67mr 2 114mr, 1.75mr, 10mr 3 25mr, 10mr, 1.75mr 4 50mr, .10mr, 2.5mr

114..The leak test results of a new source, when received by the radiography company, can be found: 3 1. On the bill of lading from the shipper 2. It is not necessary to leak test a new source 3. On the decay chart received with the source 4. Leak test must be performed 6 months after receiving source

115..When transporting a radioactive source, shipping papers are only needed when: 4 1. The Yellow III label is required 2. For commercial carriers only 3. Crossing state lines 4. When transporting hazardous materials on public roads

116.. When shall the reference survey be performed: 1 1. During the first radiographic exposure or exposures 2. Before the third radiographic exposure is made at the jobsite 3. Before leaving the shop or beginning a new shift offshore 4. Each time the source is making a radiograph

117..What is the most important thing you can do to avoid an over-exposure to radiation? 3 1. Record your dosimeter readings after each work shift 2. Always wear the personnel dosimetry provided 3. Always make proper radiation surveys 4. Set the survey meter close to the camera during each exposure on the X100 scale.

118..With a collimator, a 45 Curie IR-192 source indicates an exposure rate of 8,296 mr/hr at 1. For this same source, the collimator will indicate 2 mr/hr at 60. The exposure rate of a 35 curie CO-60 source will also be 2mr/hr at what distance using the same collimator? 2 1. 48 feet

2. 86 feet 3. 68 feet 4. 78 feet

119..The majority of overexposures to radiographers can be summed up: 4 1. The source was not fully retracted in the camera 2. The source becomes jammed in the source guide tube 3. Forgetting to retract the source 4. Failure to make proper radiation survey

120..Specific Activity is expressed in: 3 1. Roentgen 2. MR 3. Curies per gram 4. RAD

121..An individual under the age of 18 (a minor) cannot receive a dose of ionizing radiation in excess of 2 1. 50 % of 5000mR

2. 10% of 5000mR 3. 25% of 5000mR 4. 75 % of 5000mR

1. Which cells are more radiation sensitive? A A.Rapidly dividing B.Specialized

2. Risk of cancer depends on: A A.dose equivalent B.activity

3.Radiation damage is more in which case? A A.high dose in a short time B.same total dose given in many years?

3. Who appoints RSO? B A.Heads of departments B.Vice president C.Authorized users

5. Who conducts surveys and maintains records and inventory of radioactive materials? A RSO Radiation Control Committee Authorized users 6. Failure to comply with regulations result in loss of your privilege to work with radioactive materials? A True False

7. What concentration of radioactive liquid solution C-14 be disposed in sewer? B 50 nCi/mL 5 mCi/mL 1 nCi

8. What is procedure for disposal of radioactive waste? A Fill up waste details form and submit to RSO Call a waste disposal company, obtain price quote and send for disposal Dispose waste as regular trash

9. You want to procure radioactive material. Who will authorize its purchase? B authorized user

RSO both Authorized User and RSO

You do not need authorization.

10. Who establishes radiation policies and procedure and reviews proposals and AU applications? B RSO Radiation Control Committee Authorized users

11. I-125 has about 60 days half-life, how many days should I store I-125 waste packet before I can consider its disposal? B 60 days 600 days 300 days

12. For hand decontamination start with: A Mild detergents Vigorous scrubbing and strong detergents

13. In an event of a minor spill the most important action to take is: A contain spill do nothing till RSO arrives evacuate the area

14. Radiation survey instrument must be calibrated annually. A True False 15. The survey instrument must be appropriate for the: A a. type of radiation b. energy of radiation c. both a and b.

16. The survey report must have: F a. survey data b. details of instruments used c. background level d. action levels e. surveyor name, signature, date f. all, a to e.

17. Radioactive material stored in a vessel shows 1 mR/h at 5 cm. Which posting applies? B a. radiation area b. radioactive material c. both a and b.

18. A written notice of radiation exposure received must be given to a worker? A True False

19. Notice of Violations issued by the State must be posted. A True False

20. ALARA stands: for As low as readily achievable. B True False

21. Dose rate in air from a point gamma source at 1 foot is 8 mR/h, at what distance from the source should you work to reduce the dose rate to 2 mR/h? A 2 ft 4 ft 8 ft.

22. At 18-inches sash height fume hood flow velocity range in LFM should be: B 50 to 80 80 to 120

120-160 None of the above

23. What is the FIU dose equivalent limit for occupation workers? B 100 mrem 1000 mrem 5000 mrem

24. What is the FIU dose equivalent limit for the member of the public? A 100 mrem 1000 mrem 50 mrem

25. TLD badges are used to measure: B internal exposures external exposures

26. Your privilege to work with radioactive materials may be withdrawn if you dont return your dosimetry badge in time. A True False

27. Assessment of internal exposure is not important when your work with Pu-239, an alpha emitter. B True False

28. Exposure to finger from a beta source can be much higher than from a gamma source of the same activity. A

True False

29. Units of radioactivity are: C cm2 alpha dpm dpm/100 cm2

30. C-14 is an example of high energy beta emitter. B True False

31. For a beta emitter ratio of average energy to maximum energy is about: B half one-third one

32. Gloves not only prevent contamination of hands but also reduce beta doses to fingers.

A True False

33. Beta radiation is an example of: A ionizing radiation non-ionizing radiation

34. Lead is a good shielding material for which radiation? B beta gamma

35. What is a preferred shielding material for beta particles? B lead plastic